The first large reconnaissance ship of the 18280 project was named “Yuri Ivanov” (it is planned to build 2 of such a ship) and was laid out in 2004 year, but the financial situation of those years did not allow to pay for the works in full and on time. For this reason, during the first few years of construction, the process of work left much to be desired. In addition, several years ago, another problem manifested itself, which affected the timing of construction. OJSC “Kolomensky Zavod” was not able in time to deliver the power plant units necessary for the ship. For this reason, the construction plans have been amended. At present, the installation of all the necessary equipment, including the power plant, is continuing on the ship.
The launching of the ship took place in St. Petersburg on Monday, September 30, 2013 at the Severnaya Verf Shipyard OJSC. The ship was launched from a floating dock. Yuri Ivanov (serial number 787) is the lead communications vessel (large reconnaissance ship of the 1st rank) of project 18280, which is being built for the Russian Navy. The ceremony of launching the ship on water was attended by senior representatives fleet and industry: Admiral Alexander Tatarinov, chief of the General Staff of the Russian Navy, and Igor Zakharov, vice president of the United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC). For another 6 months, the ship will be completed afloat, at the end of 2014, "Yuri Ivanov" after completion of all necessary tests will be handed over to the customer, the ship will begin its service as part of the Northern Fleet.
On the ship in the slipway and on the stocks of the enterprise, the main complex of assembly work was completed, most of the mechanical equipment systems were installed, which ensure safe launching and the ship completion process afloat. The ship was laid in December 2004 of the year, withdrawn from the 13 workshop June 2013 of the year. Initially, it was planned to be launched in the 2012 year, but later the launch was postponed for one year due to disruptions in the delivery of equipment and interruptions in funding.
The developer of the 18280 project ship is St. Petersburg-based JSC Iceberg Central Design Bureau. The main feature of the ships of this project is a very high level of automation, integration of complexes and systems. The purpose of the 18280 project ships is to provide communications and control of the fleet, conduct electronic warfare, radio and radio intelligence. It is reported that the ships built on this project will have significant potential for further modernization.
The name of the lead ship of the series was in honor of Vice Admiral Yuri Vasilyevich Ivanov (1920-1990), who all his life was associated with the fleet and intelligence. From July 1965 to July 1975, he served as chief of intelligence of the Navy, from July 1975 to January 1979, held the position of head of the Intelligence Directorate - Deputy Chief of the Main Staff of the Navy for Intelligence. Yuri Ivanov made a very big contribution to the development and development of a permanently operating intelligence system of the Russian fleet.
Due to the fact that Severnaya Verf Shipbuilding Plant OJSC was included in the register of the sole supplier of communications ships of the 18280 project for the Russian Navy, on November X of this year it is planned to lay out the second serial communications vessel (serial number 14). By order of the commander-in-chief of the Russian Navy, the second ship of this project has already been given the name “Ivan Khurs” (also in honor of the vice-admiral of the Soviet fleet).
The communication ship Yury Ivanov of the 18280 project is a fundamentally new ship for the Russian fleet, which will significantly exceed in its tactical and technical characteristics and capabilities similar ships of previous generations. Its main feature will be the versatility and high level of automation and system integration. It is already clear that this will be the largest ship in the Russian fleet among all the ships of this class.
The specific composition of the reconnaissance equipment installed on the ship, for understandable and understandable reasons, is today kept secret and is unlikely to become the property of the general public in the near future. All publicly available information relates only to the electronic equipment of the vessel and concerns that part of it which does not have a direct relationship to all the tasks facing the ships of this class. For example, it is already known that the ship will have the navigation radar MP-231-3 installed and the integrated bridge system “Bridge-18280” is used. Details about the other equipment of the ship are kept secret. Secrecy in relation to the composition of the target equipment of the ship is primarily due to its tasks. It is reported that one of the tasks of a large 1 rank reconnaissance ship can be tracking the US missile defense system.
Technical characteristics of the ships of the project 18280:
Full displacement - about 4000 t.
Maximum length - 95 m.
Width - 16 m.
Draft - 4 m.
The power plant - 2 diesel engine 5DRA 2720 HP each.
Maximum cruising range - at least 8000 miles (at a speed of 16 nodes)
Maximum speed - 20 nodes
Crew - 120 people.
Artillery - 4 installations MTPU with large-caliber machine guns KPV 14,5-mm (4х1);
Anti-aircraft missile - Igla type MANPADS;
Equipment - a set of equipment for communications, navigation and radio intelligence: the integrated bridge system "Bridge-18280", navigation radar MP-231-3.