Military Review

US and South Korea will deter DPRK

US and South Korea will deter DPRK

Today in Seoul, as part of the 45 meeting on security consultations between the United States and South Korea, talks were held between the heads of defense ministries of the two countries. Following the consultations, the parties signed a whole package of agreements aimed at strengthening the bilateral military alliance, as well as countering the threat from the DPRK.

Although some disagreements between the allies continue to remain, but in Seoul do not hide their satisfaction from the outcome of the negotiations: the United States promised "extended protection" to the South from nuclear weapons North. In addition, Washington actually satisfied the request of the southerners to postpone the transfer of command over the combined forces from the United States to South Korea in the event of a war. True, as some experts note, in exchange for this, the United States will now begin to push Seoul into joining the American system of a global missile defense system.

In principle, it was no secret to anyone that the current talks between the defense ministers of the United States and South Korea, as well as the chairmen of joint chiefs of staff committees (CEN) of the armed forces of the two countries will be of great importance both for the US-South Korean alliance and for the alignment of forces in the region. The fact that the head of the Pentagon, Chuck Hagel, spent four days in Korea, spoke about this. However, the main agreements were signed on the last day of the visit - October 2.

If we analyze what was going on in the negotiations, we can distinguish four main topics: the new Allies' response to the nuclear threat and other weapons of mass destruction (WMD) from the DPRK; missile defense theme; the question of the transfer of command; other aspects of cooperation, which had a working character.

Judging by the abundance of analytical broadcasts and extensive notes, the topic number 1 was still a threat from the DPRK, which greatly agitated Washington and Seoul after Pyongyang’s nuclear tests in February of this year, as well as a period of sharp tension in the first half of the year. Then, we recall, the Americans barely reassured their rather agitated South Korean allies, assuring that they would not abandon them and would eventually prepare their answer to all possible threats of the North. The result of this work was the Specialized Strategy for the Deterrence of the North Korean Nuclear and Other WMD Threat signed in October on 2.

In fact, this document has the character of a full-fledged manual on the use of weapons for neutralizing nuclear and other arsenals of the DPRK. Although the heads of the defense ministries of the two countries did not tire of referring to the "secret nature" of the agreement, the basic tenets of this plan became known. Immediately, attention was drawn to the fact that Washington and Seoul secured the right to launch a preemptive strike on the DPRK, "if reliable information is received about North Korea’s intention to use nuclear weapons or other types of weapons of mass destruction". At the same time, the head of the Pentagon assured the southerners that the United States, if necessary, would support its ally within the framework of the concept of an “extended nuclear umbrella”, using all the necessary forces and means for that. Seoul media immediately recalled that the United States had three main types of weapons for delivering nuclear strikes on the enemy: bombers capable of carrying nuclear weapons (B-2 invisible aircraft and B-52 "flying fortresses"), submarines with appropriate missiles and intercontinental nuclear missiles proper. It seems that the signed strategy determines when and what will be used.

At the same time, the threat itself from the DPRK is divided into three stages, within which various diplomatic and military methods of neutralizing it will be used: potential threat, the possibility of an early use of nuclear weapons, the stage when WMD was used by Pyongyang. Judging by the comments of the South Korean military, they are very pleased with the new "strategy", as well as what the head of the Pentagon promised them. "With the new agreements, we sent a clear signal to the North that, by developing its nuclear arsenals, it will not achieve the military and political dividends it hopes for," a senior South Korean defense official told reporters.

Seoul is not given the role of a passive observer. He will also take part in striking DPRK nuclear, missile and other objects using his new Khenmu-2, Khenmu-3 missiles, destroyers capabilities with Izhis combat information control systems, intelligence forces and so on.

By the way, this topic was touched on the day before by South Korean President Park Geun-hye, who spoke at a military parade on the 65 anniversary of the creation of the armed forces. He promised that by 2016, the South would create its own Kill Chain system, capable of destroying those DPRK objects that had attacked South Korea within 30 minutes, and by the beginning of 2020’s own air defense and missile defense system, known for under the abbreviation KAMD.

By signing the "Specialized Strategy for Responding to Nuclear and Other North Korea's WMD Threats," the Allies moved on to a more difficult topic for them - missile defense. The fact is that the United States has long been trying to draw South Korea into the global missile defense system, creating a missile defense triangle in the region with the participation of the United States, Japan and South Korea. Tokyo from 2005, the year is actively involved in the implementation of this strategy, but Seoul still "rests." As rightly noted in the South, from a practical point of view, the US global missile defense system will not save the southerners from North Korean missiles, which need a fundamentally different system to counteract, but can cause displeasure from China. As a result, as far as can be judged by the statements of the ministers of defense of South Korea and the United States, the parties have so far decided not to make a fierce dispute. Southern Defense Minister Kim Gwan Jin said that Seoul will continue to create its own missile defense system in the KAMD variant, while Chuck Hagel created, with “no washing and coaching,” creating the preconditions for combining our own missile defense of the South with the global US missile defense system. “Together with the Republic of Korea, we are continuing to work on their missile defense system. Our Korean missile defense and missile defense systems do not have to be identical, rather close interaction and complementarity. This is what we are working on,” the Pentagon chief stressed.

According to observers, behind all this, Washington’s desire to “connect” Seoul to the US global missile defense system is clearly visible. The official government of South Korea is still “holding on”, which is also promoted by the obviously negative reaction of China. But in the military circles of the South and in the expert community, there are more and more people who think that sooner or later South Korea will have to join the US missile defense system in one form or another. And this will significantly change the balance of forces in the region.

On the third agenda item of the negotiations, the South also managed to achieve concessions from the United States. According to media reports, Washington acknowledged that the transfer of command over the combined forces on the peninsula would be advisable to postpone to a later date, and not to the end of 2015 year, as it was until now. Let us clarify that so far, according to bilateral agreements, in the event of a war on the Korean Peninsula, the command over the troops of the South and the US contingent in Korea should be transferred to the Americans, whereas in peacetime the Koreans formally lead all.

However, several years ago, the Koreans insisted on the transfer of this command in the event of war. At first it was planned for the end of 2012 of the year, but then it was moved to December of 2015 of the year. Now the Koreans are backing down again, declaring that they are not yet ready for such responsibility, in effect asking the Americans to command in the event of hostilities. The United States has so far insisted that it is time to stop enduring the “inevitable”, but it seems that the South has managed to convince Washington that Seoul is not yet ready for this. The final decision will be made on this issue in the first half of next year. In the preliminary plan, the parties also predetermined the main outlines of the joint command structure after receiving full control of Seoul, but now it is already unclear when the South will finally “mature” for independent warfare. In any case, the United States seemed to have ceded here to the allies, which, in the first place, pleased the South Korean military, who spoke most loudly about their unpreparedness for new responsibility. But here, according to some experts, the topic of the US global missile defense has reappeared. According to some reports, in exchange for these concessions, the United States will now demand with renewed energy that the South join the US missile defense system, and it is becoming more and more difficult for Seoul to resist this pressure. According to a number of media reports, Seoul said that they would be ready to take over command when "they received sufficient means of deterring the DPRK." Representatives of the Pentagon immediately said happily to the allies that it was precisely global missile defense that was one of the best such means.

In addition, Seoul and Washington also signed agreements on cooperation in the field of cyber security and in the space sector. This means the intensification of the cooperation of allies in cyberspace, as well as more intensive interaction in terms of intelligence and data exchange on the DPRK.

As far as can be judged by the appearance of the head of the Pentagon, Chuck Hagel, he did not feel himself lost in the course of this round of "friendly battle with an ally." Although the media in the South relentlessly say that Seoul "got almost everything he wanted," it seems that the United States has not remained offended. It can be expected that sooner or later Seoul will start to do what Washington has long been seeking from him. For example, it concerns the same global missile defense system.

Independent South Korean experts meanwhile note that South Korea has to try to find a kind of compromise that would satisfy Washington, but wouldn’t understand Beijing, which, by the way, is Seoul’s main trade and economic partner.
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  1. Ihrek
    Ihrek 3 October 2013 12: 34
    This state of things is beneficial to America. And that would have long been reconciled and united.
    1. Canep
      Canep 3 October 2013 12: 44
      This state of affairs is beneficial to the dumb top of the DPRK.
    2. vahatak
      vahatak 3 October 2013 14: 08
      And China is also beneficial to Japan and a little even Russia, because after the unification of the Koreans, all the great powers will be sent in three letters.
      1. lilit.193
        lilit.193 3 October 2013 14: 51
        Quote: vahatak
        because after unification the Koreans of all the great powers will send three letters.

        They will not send. First, they will have to spend a lot of money on this very association. So huge that they can also get into debt. And all this will undermine the economy of South Korea. Because it is she who will pay for everything. And from a strong Korean tiger will remain a goner kitten, which even "meow!" will speak through time. Yes, the Japanese will applaud this standing up! wink
        1. vahatak
          vahatak 4 October 2013 13: 33
          wait and see. Unification did not present the German economy, and they even lead the whole of Europe.
      2. alone
        alone 3 October 2013 20: 32
        even after the unification, it will take a lot of work to make the north become south. it will take decades and huge finances. Despite the powerful economy, I don’t think that the South Caucasus can solve this problem alone.
    3. labendik
      labendik 3 October 2013 15: 04
      How so?
  2. Larus
    Larus 3 October 2013 12: 36
    Toli in South Korea does not even have an army capable of responding in case of something, or they still think that the north is so much that it will climb alone to the south, while absolutely all countries will condemn its movement, and so on. the north will come to an end.
  3. honest jew
    honest jew 3 October 2013 12: 45
    Who to hold back? In DPRK, all the equipment of the 60s !!! One rusty trash !!!
    1. Canep
      Canep 3 October 2013 14: 15
      This is a photoshop)))))))))))
      1. lilit.193
        lilit.193 3 October 2013 14: 45
        Quote: Canep
        This is a photoshop)))))))))))

        Well yes. This is a photojab. But cool! laughing
        1. Canep
          Canep 3 October 2013 18: 00
          They forgot to attach orders to the cap. laughing
    2. labendik
      labendik 3 October 2013 15: 06
      Is this Photoshop, or is it true?
      1. alone
        alone 3 October 2013 20: 33
        wassat and on the back they have orders or only medals?))
  4. smiths xnumx
    smiths xnumx 3 October 2013 13: 20
    Yesterday I expressed my opinion on this issue. I will repeat a little. There is nothing to oppose the KPA of South Korea and the Americans, except for the number and nuclear weapons. Now, on the same high spirit and patriotism that you can’t take away from the North Koreans, you won’t leave. Remember the Korean War, KPA having material superiority defeated the South Koreans. And when the Americans entered the game, only the help of China (people's volunteers) and the USSR (64 IAK) saved the DPRK from complete defeat. Now the roles have changed ... Technological and material superiority among the South Koreans.
    Just an example to compare:
    The King Sejong-class destroyer of the South Korean Navy, built using Aegis technologies, is an analogue of the American Arlie Burke (there are 3 of them in total, commissioned in 2008, 2010, 2011). Displacement - 7650 tons (standard), 10 290 tons (full). Armament: two Mark 41 UVPs (a total of 80 cells used for the placement of Standard-2 missiles and ASROC PLURs), up to 32 Hyunmoo III tactical missiles (analogue of the American Tomahawk cruise missiles; 16 SSM-700K Hae Sung anti-ship missiles, 1x21 RAM self-defense missiles , 1x1 127 mm Mark 45 artillery mount and 1x7 30 mm Goalkeeper assault rifle, two helicopters.

    Sentinels of the North Korean fleet of the Najin type (built in 1973, 1975) are the flagships of the Eastern and Western fleets of the DPRK, respectively. According to some reports, one of the Nadzhin TFR was written off in 2002. Created on the basis of the Soviet TFR type 50 of the 40s. Displacement - 1200 tons (standard), 1500 tons (full). Armament: 2x1 P-15 anti-ship missile launchers, 2x1 100-mm AU B-34, 2x2 57-mm AU, 2x2 30-mm AU AK-230, 6x2 25-mm AU 2M-3M, 2 bombs, 30 min.

    As they say, feel the difference ...
    1. smiths xnumx
      smiths xnumx 3 October 2013 15: 44
      Let's now compare the DPRK Air Force and South Korea:
      Korea Air Force
      Combat aircraft - 668 units
      Fighters - 494
      40 MiG-29 (35 MiG-29, 5 MiG-29UB - the first export modifications 9-12 and 9-13);
      56 MiG-23 (P, PL, UB);
      about 150 MiG-21 (LSI, PPS, U);
      about 40 Chengdu F-7, a Chinese copy of the MiG-21;
      98 Shenyang F-6-Chinese copy of the MiG-19;
      100 Shenyang F-5 is a Chinese copy of the MiG-17.
      Attack aircraft - about 174 aircraft
      about 80 Harbin H-5 is a Chinese copy of the IL-28, which made its first flight in 1948. Perhaps they are used as a carrier of nuclear weapons;
      36 Su-25 (32 Su-25K, 4 Su-25UPK)
      40 Nanchang A-5, modernized by the Chinese MiG-19, designed to strike at ground targets.
      18 Su-7.
      Training and combat training aircraft (some of the aircraft can be adapted to strike at ground targets) - about 357 aircraft.
      12 Czechoslovak Aero L-39;
      135 Shenyang FT-5-Chinese combat training copy of the MiG-17,
      30 MIG-15
      180 Nanchang CJ-6 is a Chinese copy of the Soviet piston UTS Yak-18.
      There is 1 AWACS aircraft, created on the basis of the An-24 with the radar of the MiG-29 fighter.
      Helicopters: about 314
      Combat-about 20 Mi-24
      about 87 American MD 500D "Defender", some of which are armed with 4 ATGM "Baby"
      4 Mi-26,
      15 Mi-8T, there is also about 10 Mi-14PL anti-submarine modification Mi-8,
      48 Harbin Z-5, a Chinese copy of the Mi-4, a part of which is also possible
      about 140 Mi-2s, some of which may also carry weapons.
      Thus, the DPRK has a total of 76 4th-generation aircraft (MiG-29, Su-25), even if you add 56 MiG-23 to them, losing to the F-16 and F-15 in all respects, you will get 132. The main fighters are 190 MiG-21s and its Chinese clone Chengdu F-7, 198 Chinese clones MiG-17 and MiG-19 do not pose a serious threat to modern combat aircraft and can only be used as attack aircraft. The DPRK Air Force’s capabilities in landing air and helicopter assault forces are also limited. Lack of fuel does not allow the organization of normal training for pilots. In addition, given that the DPRK Air Force’s youngest aircraft are 23–25 years old, and the majority are venerable veterans, who are 40–50 years old, it is still unknown how many of them can fly into the air.
      South Korean Air Force:
      Combat aircraft - 561
      61 Boeing F-15K Slam Eagle
      180 Lockheed F-16 Fighting Falcon, of which 140 are the latest Block-52 modifications. Most aircraft are assembled in South Korea under license.
      68 McDonnell-Douglas F-4 Phantom II,
      170 Northrop F-5E / F Tiger II, gradually replaced by light fighter of the South Korean development KAI FA-50 Golden Eagle, in total they plan to purchase about 100 such aircraft
      82 FA-50 Golden Eagle.
      4 Aircraft AWACS Boeing 737 AEW & C.
      46 reconnaissance aircraft:
      8 BAe 125 Hawker 800,
      2 Dassault Falcon 2000,
      16 RF-4C Phantom II,
      20 KAI KA-1 Woongbi, South Korean turboprop aircraft,
      90 Bell Helicopter AH-1 Cobra, from 2016 36 AH-64 Apache are planned to arrive.
      To this we must add the US Air Force group in South Korea (7857 people): the headquarters of the 7th Air Army, two fighter aircraft wings - a total of 40 multi-purpose fighters and combat training aircraft F-16C and F-16D "Fighting Falcon", 12 attack aircraft A -10 "Thunderbolt-2" and 12 reconnaissance and attack aircraft OA-10. That is 64 aircraft and 24 AH-64 Apache combat helicopters.
      1. smiths xnumx
        smiths xnumx 3 October 2013 15: 46
        Thus, the correlation of forces seems to be favorable for the DPRK 1: 1 (668 versus 625), but if we take into account fourth-generation fighters, it changes dramatically for the worse, 40 North Korean MiG-29s withstand 281 US-South Korean F-15K, F-16 , i.e. the ratio of 1 to 7, and 314 North Korean MiG-23 / MiG-21 / F-7 / Q-5 / Su-7 are opposed by 332 South Korean F-4 / F-5 / A-50; and 36 Su-25 24 American A-10. Other North Korean flying antiques F-5 / F-6 / H-5 I do not take into account. How long will live in the air the Chinese analogue of the Soviet MiG-17, which made its first flight in 1952, without radar and missiles, let everyone decide for himself. As for combat helicopters, here too Juche fans have nothing to catch 20 Mi-24 resists 114 AH-1 Cobra and AH-64 Apache. That is, the ratio of forces is 1 to 6. That is, the maximum that the DPRK Air Force can afford to try to cover with the air defense the most important administrative and economic facilities and large settlements or to try to cover the enemy’s airfields with the first blow, which, given the strong air defense of South Korea, is unlikely and entail large losses.
    2. Windbreak
      Windbreak 3 October 2013 23: 14
      Quote: Kuznetsov 1977
      up to 32 Hyunmoo III tactical missiles
      which are in the UVP for 48 cells. That is, there are 128 cells in the ship, more than Ticonderoge’s
  5. i_vam_ne_hvoratj
    i_vam_ne_hvoratj 3 October 2013 14: 42
    I may not be right, but this article is a logical continuation of the previous article about the parade in the Republic of Korea. I am not an optimist and not a pessimist, I try to really look at things. The war with the use of WMD can try to unleash only a complete scumbag. We have this scumbag. But there is a very restraining factor - China. (These are not the Chinese who sent their fighters to Seoul in the first half of the 50s. These are not the Chinese who waved quotes and shot our border guards during the years of the cultural revolution. These are not the Chinese who were at the very end of the seventies centuries have fought with Vietnam. Let's face it, a great power.) And this deterrent has long been concerned about what is happening on its borders. Now the second. To divide any nation is like trying to propagate an earthworm by division. Type chopped with a shovel - two creatures. In fact, everything is not so simple. It just won't work out here. Two heads, but one blood.
  6. lilit.193
    lilit.193 3 October 2013 14: 42
    Balamutes in North Korea are beneficial to the United States. They then have reason to keep their troops on the Korean Peninsula. South Korea is also beneficial. Because in such a situation it will not be possible to unite the two Koreas. And South Korea, this association is not economically advantageous. It is very expensive, and South Korea will have to pay for everything. In North Korea, there is nothing more than slogans and Kim Jong-un. The top of the DPRK is also unprofitable association. Because then she will lose power and become unnecessary to anyone.
    That's all and continue to play this performance. The DPRK will shock the weapons and slogans of the struggle against imperialism and cry for unification. South Korea will be preparing to defend itself from an attack from the DPRK and mourn the 38th parallel demarcation and cry for divided Korean families. The United States will try to increase the number of its troops on the Korean Peninsula, call the DPRK the axis of evil, and declare its consent for unification. But no one will even lift a finger to make this unification real. Because it is not beneficial to all of them. What is happening now is more profitable for them.
  7. Kolyan 2
    Kolyan 2 3 October 2013 16: 18
    Quote: Canep
    This state of affairs is beneficial to the dumb top of the DPRK.

    Why crazy?
  8. Kolyan 2
    Kolyan 2 3 October 2013 16: 21
    But in principle, at the top justified