Military Review

Golden sunset

30
When the economic crisis is rampant, far-right parties become popular. They quickly rise thanks to the monotonous slogans that directly indicate the "guilty": migrants, Jews, Muslims, a corrupt government, the "fifth column", the supervising institutions of the European Union - and so on and so forth. With such a number of external and internal enemies (which, of course, will be crushed when political preachers take the helm), the declared party instantly gains a certain number of supporters and passes to parliament. Approximately it was with the Greek nationalist party “Golden Dawn”. However, the dawn was suddenly replaced by the sunset ...




Zare began in 1980, Nikolaos Michalolyakos. The party’s current ideology is simple: Greek nationalism based on anti-migrant, anti-multicultural, and anti-globalization slogans. In addition, short-haired, strong party members distribute food to the poor and patrol the streets of cities on foot and on motorcycles, beating migrants along the way. Both free food and cheeky cuffs for those who “have come to a hindrance” add to the movement fame and popularity.

The party does not recognize itself as fascist or neo-Nazi, although it is seen in love for the late German Führer, and Mein Kampf serves as one of the party’s programmatic texts. Today, Zarya has eighteen of the three hundred seats in parliament (the result of the repeated elections of the 2012 of the year). Moreover, the popularity of the party has recently grown: if at last year’s elections it received about seven percent of the votes, recently it was ready to vote for it, according to a poll, twice as many people.

But the attitude towards the party in society has cooled dramatically because of the murder.

September 18 rap musician Pavlos Fyssas was stabbed out of the bar. The fight, according to the investigation, was not just organized, but planned in advance by the participants of the Golden Dawn, who were sitting in the same cafe where Fyssas was. The latter was known for its anti-fascist views and opposed the “Dawn” patrol detachments.

There were dozens of attackers, and they behaved not only aggressively, but also, so to speak, fearlessly. Not in the sense that they were not afraid of Fyssas alone, but in that there were a lot of witnesses around. However, people are driven by fear. Self-preservation instinct has not been canceled. And the trick is that the number of witnesses of the fight began to melt like last year’s snow: after all, those who unleash their tongues can be slaughtered just like the unfortunate Pavlos.

The murder of the rapper and activist has caused popular unrest in Greece: tens of thousands of citizens took to the streets in protest. The reason for the demonstrations was the very fact of the killing of the anti-fascist, and, to put it mildly, the slowness of the police, who did not rush to investigate. Why are the law enforcement officers slow? And the casket just opened: many of them were associated with the “Golden Dawn” and even worked for it.

Mark Lowen ("BBC") in an Athens report, reports that an 22 party member has been arrested, including six members of parliament, including Nikolaos Michalolyakos. They were accused of belonging to a criminal gang, of murder, armed assault and money laundering. Among other things, the police reported that they had information about the involvement of the party leadership in the murder of Fyssas. And in the houses of those arrested there were pictures of Hitler and flags with a swastika.

The BBC journalists spoke to the former Golden Dawn supporter.

“I saw batons and shields at rallies. All stretched out at attention, when the party leader entered the hall. They discussed beating up gay and black people. ”


Once this woman was abused by a man and came to the party for support. There, one sympathetic person offered her help:

“One of the party members came to me. He offered his services - to break someone’s leg or arm for 300 euros, set the car on fire - 1000 euros, send to the hospital - one and a half thousand. ”


The woman did not like such proposals. Then the party member advised her to keep quiet, or he would “burn her alive”.

And this is what an immigrant from Pakistan says, who was attacked three times by neo-Nazis. Once they stabbed him with a knife - they almost fell into the heart. He claims that the police did not react, there was no investigation.

“All because I am a foreigner. The police are not listening to us. If a Greek were stabbed with a knife, she would immediately find the culprit. Now I'm afraid to go out. I want to leave Greece where it is safer, maybe to England. ”


As the correspondent notes, in Greece, many are convinced that the police covered the actions of the participants of the "Dawn". During last year’s election, it was reported that in every district of Athens, every second of the police officers gave a vote for this party.

The murder of a musician hit the party rating. The popularity of the party fell sharply, falling immediately to 6%. Today, Zarya, which has lost due to leadership arrests, is going through hard times.

Daria Eremina ("Lenta.ru") says that for the murder of Fyssas, the police arrested Giorgos Rupakas, 45-year-old, one of the active supporters of the party (however, he was not a member of the party). In the network there are pictures where the alleged offender is posing surrounded by supporters of "Dawn". It turned out that this person participated in promotions for the free distribution of food.

The fact of the murder of Rupakias did not deny. He stated that he acted in self-defense. It was as if a group of people had attacked him - at that moment when he was trying to get into the car. Well, he poked a knife and the first who appeared in front of him. The witnesses of the incident have a different view of the case: they claim that Rupakias drove up in a car when the fight began and hit Fissas with a knife. Rupakias was charged with premeditated murder and unlawful carrying weapons.

D. Eremina also notes that a parallel investigation is being conducted in Greece regarding the military suspected of collaborating with neo-Nazis. Army supporters of the "Golden Dawn" supposedly teach comrades to use weapons. Rumors are circulating in the media that neo-Nazis have thrown together a three-thousand-strong army and are now going to start a war.

The result of all this was the authorities' attack on the “Golden Dawn”. Among those arrested were Nikolaos Michalolyakos and Christos Pappas. During a search, three guns without licenses, cartridges and 40 thousand euros in cash were found at Michaloljakos’s houses. Pappas found weapons, photographs of Hitler, a flag with a swastika. In addition to the party leaders, the 15 rank and file promoted the rank and file members. Issued arrest warrants for other road users.

The report of the prosecutor's office, referred to the Supreme Court, deals with the possible involvement of the party in ten murders and attempts, blackmail and money laundering. Many of the data of the prosecutor's office are based on the testimony of former members of the "Dawn". According to them, the party is a hierarchical criminal grouping. Its top is Michaloljakos nicknamed the Fuhrer and Pappos. The lower level - the formation of five people, each of them is the curator. Neo-Nazis have two training camps. The group responsible for silence is also active: no one should tell anything to strangers.

It is curious that the Golden Dawn, which beats immigrants, also benefits from them. The party provides a “roof” for visitors as a part of the income of traders who sell smuggled cigarettes.

As for the police, two high-ranking officers resigned "for personal reasons." Two others were fired. The ranks were also fired smaller by a total of seven.

In addition, one policeman was arrested. According to "Lenta.ru" with reference to France-Presse, searches of the offices of the neo-Nazi party Golden Dawn on the evening of September 24 were searched. An 45-year-old police officer was arrested and turned out to be the bodyguard of a party lawyer. Previously, this man was suspended from office because of suspicion of participation in neo-Nazi raids against migrant traders.

Galina Dudina (Kommersant) notes that the arrest of members of parliament occurred in Greece for the first time in the 40 years that have elapsed since the fall of the “black colonels” in 1974. The author cites the words of the surrendered deputy Pappas:

“I have nothing to hide and fear. The occupation government of subsidized agreements began political persecution with the help of so-called independent justice. But nationalism will win! Heil "Golden Dawn"! "


The party of neo-Nazis can now be banned.

“Although the probability of a party ban is high, the procedure will take time,” Professor Aristotle Callis, an expert on political extremism at the University of Lancaster, told Kommersant. - However, the problem of extremism in Greece is wider. Many supporters of the Golden Dawn do not agree with the extremist theses of the party, but support its anti-immigrant and nationalist positions. ” According to Kallis, an attempt to remove the party from the political scene threatens with a wave of right-wing violence. However, the same Kallis recalled: “The Greeks knew that members of the Golden Dawn were involved in the killings of migrants, however, having committed violence against a Greek citizen of Greece, they went to the“ red line ”, after which the party’s support began to decline sharply, for two weeks dropping to 6-8%. "

Of the last Athenian News It is known that now Mikhalolyakos remains under arrest, and many others in the case are released on bail or recognizance not to leave the place of residence.

As the correspondent reports. RIA News" Gennady Melnik, referring to the newspaper “Vima”, the judicial investigator left N. Mikhalolyakos and the head of one of the local branches of the party Georgios Patelis under arrest. Michaloljakos rejected all charges of the court and declared political persecution.

In the evening of October 2, the judicial investigator released four ordinary party members on bail. In addition, one was released without any restrictions. Earlier, in the afternoon, three of the four deputies of the Golden Dawn were released on a written undertaking not to leave; one more remained under arrest.

Also reported on the detention of October 2 Themis Skordeli, a former candidate for the party in one of the Athens districts. This woman is a police sergeant and works in the internal investigation department. Previously, she was accused of racist attacks on Afghans. The trial has been postponed eight times already; the new hearing date is January 22 2014. The names and addresses of migrants, the printed materials of the Golden Dawn and 145 thousand euros in cash were discovered in the house of Skordeli.

Another 60-year-old retired police officer was arrested. This man covered the far right. Threatening migrants with arrest and expulsion from the country, he forced those who suffered from the attacks of neo-Nazis to take statements from the police.

As for the possible ban of the party, then, as a correspondent writes. ITAR-TASS Yuri Malinov, the constitution of Greece does not provide for the possibility of such. The government cannot legally eliminate a party that has seats in parliament. Deputies, being arrested, retain both positions in the main legislative body and parliamentary immunity. The authorities are going to act as follows: to bring members of the party to court for the crimes that took place and to deprive the neo-Nazi party of state subsidies for the election campaign and functioning. In 2013, Zarya was to receive more than 873 thousand euros for these purposes.

The statements of Mikhaloljakos about non-involvement in the murder of a musician did not seem convincing to the judges. The court decided to place the leader of the ultra-right in the preliminary detention cell, accusing him of "creating and managing a criminal organization." In the bullpen at the General Police Department of Athens planted and Patelisa. Both will be held there until they determine which prison will be their home until the trial.

Observed and commented on Oleg Chuvakin
- especially for topwar.ru
30 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. Evgeniy-111
    Evgeniy-111 7 October 2013 09: 35
    -12 qualifying.
    Welcome to Greece - a paradise for tourists of all nationalities!
    1. mirag2
      mirag2 7 October 2013 09: 55
      36
      If you tourist -Welcome, and if you are a foreigner who came to take away work from the locals, who themselves do not have it, then sorry, the address was wrong. In my opinion, this should be politics stateand that’s normal.
      1. Botanologist
        Botanologist 7 October 2013 21: 48
        +1
        Quote: mirag2
        .In my opinion, this should generally be the policy of the state, and this is normal.


        First of all, state policy should regulate migration, and not grow any trash under nationalistic slogans.
    2. Orik
      Orik 7 October 2013 10: 08
      30
      Beautiful country, traveled far and wide. When people wandered around somewhere, they escorted to the goal when you say that in 80% of cases the Russian attitude is even better. Although the Greeks are very lazy and relaxed, but that is their business.
      You can’t take away work from the locals and in this the Greeks are 100% right.
  2. Revolver
    Revolver 7 October 2013 09: 49
    -8
    In a country that was under Nazi occupation, there were those who voted for the home-grown Natsiks ... I thought about the Greeks better.
    1. cdrt
      cdrt 7 October 2013 10: 59
      -7
      Ane, who was under Nazi occupation, there were voters for the homegrown Natsik ... I thought about the Greeks better.


      Everything is simple - the dream of reason gives rise to monsters.
      Well, Natsik, as the ideology of the right half of poorly educated groups of people is widespread everywhere - xenophobia is in many ways a natural reaction to someone unlike you. And in Greece, and in Belarus, and here (i.e., among Slavic subhuman people), and what is no less surprising in Israel.
      Sad but true

      Well, it should be noted that open doors for migrants from the south and east also cause rejection. But what’s interesting is that nobody raised a wave to close the borders ... Neither in Europe, nor in Russia
    2. Jack122
      Jack122 7 October 2013 11: 07
      15
      It is not the Greeks who are to blame and not the nationalists, but the liberals who are leading up to this. All these nationalist parties appear and are in demand and support only because the people do not trust the government: they believe that the government is carrying out genocide of its own people with its actions. Nationalists in the future will still disentangle what the liberals have done. There is simply no need to aggravate the problems to such an extent that only a radical solution remains.
      1. Starfish
        Starfish 7 October 2013 21: 11
        +3
        liberals and nazis are the left and right hands of one manipulator
        1. Geisenberg
          Geisenberg 8 October 2013 00: 00
          0
          Quote: Starfish
          liberals and nazis are the left and right hands of one manipulator


          Liberasty advocate the preservation of everything, the Nazis support the superiority of the nation. Where is the bunch here?
    3. Geisenberg
      Geisenberg 7 October 2013 23: 59
      -1
      Quote: Nagan
      In a country that was under Nazi occupation, there were those who voted for the home-grown Natsiks ... I thought about the Greeks better.


      It says a man under the flag of the country that Hitler created and financed. At the birthplace itself, it’s better than the Warsaw ghetto, and there it condemns free people for choice.

      Now I think worse about Russians. It could have created the same party, only without public killings of rappers and other window dress.
      1. Revolver
        Revolver 8 October 2013 00: 21
        0
        Quote: Geisenberg
        At the birthplace itself, it’s better than the Warsaw ghetto, and there it condemns free people for choice.

        If we assume that the homeland is the country in which it was born, then my homeland is the USSR. And the USA is a place of residence and citizenship.
        Quote: Geisenberg
        It says a man under the flag of the country that Hitler created and financed.
        You better read the story, and then in pseudo-historical fiction, you still won't read that.
        Quote: Geisenberg
        Now I think worse about Russians. It could have created the same party, only without public killings of rappers and other window dress.
        That is, there is no need to wet rappers in public, because it gives a bad press. And to read Hitler, in your opinion, is normal. Oh well...
  3. Glory333
    Glory333 7 October 2013 10: 41
    +9
    The government of Greece is a purely puppet anti-people government, this is the root of all problems, including problems related to immigration.
    I saw an interview on Ukrainian TV with one of the leaders of the Golden Dawn, in which he said that his party does not oppose all migrants, that they are not at all against immigrants from Ukraine, Russia and other European countries.
    1. alone
      alone 7 October 2013 21: 15
      0
      interesting laws there. The government pays a pensioner-smoker 80 euros for what he smokes)) where else have you seen this?
      1. Geisenberg
        Geisenberg 8 October 2013 00: 01
        0
        Quote: lonely
        interesting laws there. The government pays a pensioner-smoker 80 euros for what he smokes)) where else have you seen this?


        They also give out pensioners condoms, or were given out before the crisis ...
  4. DuraLexSedLex.
    DuraLexSedLex. 7 October 2013 10: 42
    +6
    A golden dawn, an interesting name. But it’s not surprising that this is really the appearance of such parties. They also have some sense. Europe suffocates from the politics of multiculturalism and universal tolerance, under rainbow flags. The dominance of migrants from the Middle East, their radicalism, engenders in society , like in any organism, the similarity of antibodies are such lots, they can destroy not only the cause, but also the organism itself, if they are uncontrolled. An example of the fact that they work is the evidence of this Pakistani ...
    "“All because I am a foreigner. The police are not listening to us. If a Greek were stabbed with a knife, she would immediately find the culprit. Now I'm afraid to go out. I want to leave Greece where it is safer, maybe to England. ”"
    And England, we know only France is inferior in how many Arabs there are, with all that it implies.
    My opinion is that there should be such parties, but we also need to control them, for some reason we all remember how this story ended in Germany.
    1. Starfish
      Starfish 7 October 2013 21: 14
      0
      By the way, there was an occult near-Masonic order with the name Golden Dawn at the end of the 19th - beginning of the 20th centuries. at one time such a "wonderful" person as Aleister Crowley was its member. strange coincidence, isn't it?
  5. smiths xnumx
    smiths xnumx 7 October 2013 10: 55
    15
    Members of the Golden Dawn took part in hostilities in the Srebrenica area in 1995, and in Kosovo in 1998-1999. It turns out that there was a unit "Greek Volunteer Guard" within the army of the Republika Srpska, numbering about 100 people. After the capture of Srebrenica, a Greek flag was hoisted over the city, with the consent of Ratko Mladic, symbolizing the contribution of the Greek volunteers to this victory. In terms of the number of volunteers in Bosnia, the Greeks ranked second after ours.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_Volunteer_Guard





  6. Essenger
    Essenger 7 October 2013 11: 03
    +3
    In the furnace of the Nazis
    1. Petrol
      Petrol 7 October 2013 11: 21
      +2
      success ...
    2. avt
      avt 7 October 2013 12: 12
      +7
      Quote: Essenger
      In the furnace of the Nazis

      Which ones? All or only Greek? Well, what to do with the Central Asian, or do they not fit this definition? Like there is only a noble restoration of oppressed national consciousness?
      1. Essenger
        Essenger 7 October 2013 12: 37
        0
        Quote: avt
        All or only Greek?

        Only Greek))) Just kidding, of course.

        Quote: avt
        Well, what to do with the Central Asian,

        Ask Uzbeks, Kyrgyz, Tajiks and Turkmens.
        Kazakhstan is not Central Asia.
        1. ekzorsist
          ekzorsist 7 October 2013 20: 41
          +1
          Essenger, you are right Kazakhstan ... as such, it NEVER EVER existed !!!
          This home-grown education in the original Russian territories ... but it didn’t hurt, but the fact that nationalism in Kazakhstan and other former Central Asian republics is just PROSPERING !!!
          And supported at the state level.
          As an example, what can we say about the Slavs, when the Kazakhs with great enthusiasm simply hate the neighbors of the Kyrgyz ..., but this is not an indicator ..., but the fact that the Kazakhs grabbed a death grip on medieval remnants - zhuzov, clan seriously they simply extol these feudal-primitive foundations as something true and unquestioned.
          So that you excuse me, but you are wrong.
          1. Essenger
            Essenger 8 October 2013 08: 07
            +2
            Quote: ekzorsist
            You are right Kazakhstan ... as such, in general, NEVER existed


            How can I be right? If you haven’t written this ?! Drive what?

            Did not exist from the legal side?
        2. Geisenberg
          Geisenberg 8 October 2013 00: 03
          0
          Quote: Essenger
          Kazakhstan is not Central Asia.


          ... yeah, this is the middle of the world (navel of the earth that is), we are in the know.
  7. samoletil18
    samoletil18 7 October 2013 11: 18
    +8
    For what they fought ... All these games of tolerance do not bring anyone to good. Some begin to greyhound, while others, of course, do not like it. And there are always enough people who want to fish in troubled waters. We have the same. dissatisfied and overgrown already created. And then it's up to the puppeteers.
    1. Starfish
      Starfish 7 October 2013 21: 17
      0
      your sober look at what is happening
  8. pinecone
    pinecone 7 October 2013 13: 07
    +5
    Now I'm afraid to go out. I want to leave Greece where it’s calmer, maybe to England. ”

    Unhappy. He doesn't even stutter about returning to his home. By the way, I happened to somehow read an ad in an English-language Pakistani newspaper, such as "we organize the transportation of those wishing to go to Greece, where you will find a well-paid job, free housing, medical care", etc.
  9. IRBIS
    IRBIS 7 October 2013 15: 42
    +3
    Any action generates opposition. The activation of nationalists around the world was caused by a wave of migrants wishing to live in prosperous countries. A laudable wish, but only the indigenous population is not always satisfied with guests, who, by their presence, make life difficult for the owners. Migrants bring down the level of wages, increase the level of crime. And what do they want - free heavy meal stamps? If now the development of the situation in our country goes Medvedev-style, with the growth of unemployment, we will not have to go far to assess our attitude towards the "guests" from the southern republics.
    1. Starfish
      Starfish 7 October 2013 21: 20
      0
      indeed, immigration from underdeveloped countries to more developed countries is a natural process, it is bad that the laws in these more developed countries are not even natural at all, but, to put it mildly, liberal
  10. rereture
    rereture 7 October 2013 16: 04
    +2
    Well done Greeks fully support them. The policy of tolerance and multiculturalism does not bring anything good, and the migrants got it, where does the poor Greek go?
  11. jagdpanzer
    jagdpanzer 7 October 2013 18: 46
    +3
    I did not understand the article about what? what bad are these uncles from the nationalist party? We will soon be so too! I’m talking about the party, and I’ll even become a member of it most likely. I’ll talk about what they will say to me there, but if the authorities don’t bother, then you have to do everything yourself!
  12. Kir
    Kir 7 October 2013 19: 04
    +1
    For information of some, the same anti-fascists are not inferior in degree of radicalism to the ultra-right, and if we also add the possessed ultra-leftists, the Trotsky generation of the ideas of Leib Bronstein and others like him, then they forgive each other, and what kind of nationalism can we talk about if they are on the one hand, they are admired by the shikelgruber, and on the other, for the most part, they act out with Christianity, do not find universal values ​​!!! So here, most likely, there is another laundering and accumulation of capital of a certain pile ........, besides, it is worth remembering the Russian proverb
    You can’t stop the booze, Lead it !!! - remember the same pogroms attributed to the Black Hundreds in Little Russia, forgive me, how many among the instigators and provocateurs there were relatives of those against whom they were directed, and the Black Hundred forgive for other purposes was created.
    About politics multi ...... and so on, one tale, all for the sake of the eternal "sufferers", by the way, from the so-called Caucasians, how many really are Chechens, Ingush, Lezgins and others, but the percentage, though from the Caucasus, prevails! !!
    And the real Ethnically Root Sorry, They Die and Suffer for the political and financial interests of global evil!
  13. ivanovbg
    ivanovbg 7 October 2013 19: 13
    +4
    Nationalist rhetoric in the Balkans corresponds to the "state" rhetoric in Russia, as opposed to liberals, gays and all other bastards ... This article was written in Russian, about Russians, and yet it has such an emphasis on Hitler and "Heil". At home, the same Englishmen write something different - that the Golden Dawn stands up for Orthodox Christian values ​​and opposes Greece's participation in NATO and the EU! Which, by the way, is absolutely true.
    1. Starfish
      Starfish 7 October 2013 21: 25
      0
      something vague doubts torment me that the leaders are explicit and hidden, of this supposedly nationalist party, really defenders of Orthodox values. one name is just worth it, and the passion for her leadership of Hitler does not fit with true Orthodoxy
      1. ivanovbg
        ivanovbg 8 October 2013 05: 40
        +1
        Maybe so, but at least outwardly the Church is respected, priests are invited to events, they themselves go to churches. The rest of the European politicians are sheer homosexuality and satanism, you can’t even imagine what is happening in the EU.
  14. Igor62
    Igor62 8 October 2013 01: 38
    0
    Quote: Jack122
    It is not the Greeks who are to blame and not the nationalists, but the liberals who are leading up to this. All these nationalist parties appear and are in demand and support only because the people do not trust the government: they believe that the government is carrying out genocide of its own people with its actions. Nationalists in the future will still disentangle what the liberals have done. There is simply no need to aggravate the problems to such an extent that only a radical solution remains.
  15. BITL_DJUS
    BITL_DJUS 17 October 2013 02: 47
    0
    Problems with migrants should be addressed by the state. And not similar nationalist organizations.