Military Review

Decentralization of state defense order pulls the country back

The state requires as air centralized, integrated, functional control system architecture

Over the past 20 years, Russia has almost completely lost the culture of centralized strategic management and planning, as well as effective models for creating a unified system of state management of defense orders. So, on July 29 at a meeting on the development of the Navy fleet Russian President Vladimir Putin noted the ineffectiveness of the interaction between the state customer and the defense industry organizations, interruptions in the supply of components by related enterprises, the lack of proper cooperation between production and design organizations, and the poor quality of the supplied equipment.

To achieve management efficiency and transparency, it is necessary to take into account the realities of globalization, the launch of transformation mechanisms for convergence, integration, transboundary nature and unification.

Today, all attempts to create a control system using automation tools end in fragmentation, lack of responsibility, transparency and uncontrollability. One of the main reasons is that there is completely no preliminary modeling and design of a centralized functional core, and further information and technical architectures, models, processes, interconnections, including cross-border and production. Invited consultants (limited circle) try not to deviate from the set of prototypes and ready-made templates, laying manageable risks that ensure gaps in the future. A model for attracting consultants for decades to come is immediately laid down - a long-lasting consultancy needle (accompaniment) that enriches a large number of individuals, and the state suffers losses. At the same time, the country is doomed to the absence of a complex system in general and its further non-creation, all kinds of delays, piecewise patching of holes and subsystems that do not provide an effective management tool. Now this approach is observed everywhere, which leads to an increase in the cost of the system several times, there is a multiple increase in the number of expensive consultants and technical infrastructure.

Decentralization of state defense order pulls the country backThe strategic goals of the created subsystems in functional areas are in no way linked to the realization of the general goals set by the President of the Russian Federation. The functions of the main customer and functional architect of the control system, which should be a generator, ideologist and holder of the architecture of a centralized integrated system, actually exist on paper, but are not professionally and responsibly implemented. The functional customer is maximally blurred, the positions of the various authorities in charge of their pieces are not coordinated and broken. There is no effective centralized interdepartmental workflow system focused on process-project management. A preliminary description culture has not been formed, there is no decomposition of end-to-end continuous processes and functions, there is also no process holder, a clear arbiter and an auditor in terms of evaluating the effectiveness, transparency and viability of the processes, including those covering core production, R & D, warranty maintenance and repair.

The process-project management system should take into account all phases of the creation of the finished product - from zero (order idea), the pre-design stage of design to launch into production. This process should be transparent, unbroken and transparent, including making it possible to assess economic efficiency, collect and analyze costs at all stages of the process, estimate the cost of the finished product, plan to launch commercial production of lots for civil purposes (for working with the mass consumer) , elimination of errors, defects, additions of new options. Existing standards, GOSTs and methodologies need to be reworked in order to create a holistic, unbroken target management architecture with subsequent transfer to process and project management. It is obvious that the newly created associations and consortia are also doomed to fail, or the result will be very short. But we need a breakthrough in time, the result should be permanent, strategically long and planned.

The state is now trying to take measures to reduce risks. One example is the conclusion of long-term contracts with production sites, but these are all isolated cases that are not strategically complex. Someone was counting on a previously given model, including on risks and their hedging, in order to reduce the losses of the state? When it turns out that this decision simply does not change the situation, but will only be delayed in time (which is even worse), who will be responsible for everything, again, taxpayers?

Decentralization in the field of state defense orders leads to inefficient spending of funds and human resources, pulls the country back, limits the possible directions of development and diversification. This is used by our competitors both in the economic sphere and in the military-political one. Managed risks and changes are invested in the means of “pushing”, proposals of their management systems through their agents.

At the expense of these agents, the country has gone into the creation of auxiliary management systems, but strategically important systems such as regulatory reference, catalogs, as well as methodologies and regulations have not been left aside. Standard Western management practices are being implanted, containing, among other things, the rules of the game of Western architects and technologists and the pledged risks of information leakage, striking at the defense capability and security of the country.

So, the state needs a centralized, integrated, functional architecture of the control system both in the military-industrial complex and in government bodies, strictly connected, including at the level of standards, methodologies, processes and a single regulatory reference information.

Obviously, the creation of modern weapons and high-end dual-use technology requires a centralized, integrated, vertically integrated control system with the dynamic ability to switch from one model to another, which will take into account all aspects of life cycles and features when ordering, producing and using cash taxpayers in the military-industrial complex of the country.

As part of the system design, the following is necessary:

  • introduce a comprehensive, centralized, functional architecture with the described model and clear change management regulations, with a risk map that takes into account the possibility of insuring them; functional architecture should provide for the possibility of strategic, tactical planning and re-planning with the admissibility of daily redistribution of orders and production facilities, with their daily closure, data collection at all levels and the formation of management and statistical reporting, operational closure of all balance sheets; the main thing is that the data must be entered into the system uniformly and once;
  • in conjunction with the functional architecture, information and technology architectures should appear, where all participants and users are provided with an accessible, advanced and secure infrastructure; comprehensive modernization of production and logistics automated control systems (with modern sensors) and their “seamless” linking to an integrated integrated centralized control system; centralized collection, analytics and effective balancing of the received consumption norms written off into production, which will allow further analysis and comparison of manufacturers in terms of cost and quality of products;
  • introduce the transactional part of the management system at all levels and stages of production cooperation (transparent for the state);
  • to build a unified state system of reference information (dual use, including at the level of the Customs Union) with the creation of technical dictionaries of the Russian language, which will further allow management bodies (including special services) to quickly analyze information on nomenclature positions and, if necessary, block certain position to move; enterprises and the organization (business) will be able to use uniform verified directories, classifiers, which will completely eradicate discrepancies, drastically reducing costs, excluding from circulation “dirty” data from differing directories;
  • create standard unified auxiliary management systems, requirements for them and a unified portfolio of management reporting for all levels, obtained from a single confirmed and verified source on a daily basis in established formats, which will lead to a normal electronic document management, will eliminate permanent media monitoring and audit of processes and reporting;
  • introduce a unified process-project management system.

    A set of standard reference processes, such as finance, logistics, accounting, reporting, procurement, supply, warehouses, personnel, training, should be developed to optimize all auxiliary processes.

    It is necessary to involve all production sites, customers and consumers in the formation of architectures, so that the built-in control system is a common tool for creating new high-tech products. On the basis of the CSTO, it is necessary to ensure the transboundary nature of the internal and external processes of this system, as well as the adoption of common rules of the “game” and standards with the subsequent transformation of the developed architectures and models.

    Under the Security Council of Russia, it is advisable to form a service of functional and technical architects in the field of creating advanced management systems that provide a complete picture - from strategy to production and quality control of the finished product, as well as its further maintenance and disposal. This service should be the sole holder of a centralized functional architecture, its management and change; The carriers of knowledge and experience of all older generations are required to participate in the design of architecture in order to preserve the unique project heritage and reduce the risks of future generations. The architects of all authorities must work and ensure the integrity of the core.

    This will allow you to track and further effectively balance the logistics and the cost of products and support services and ensure availability of stock information in the 7 / 24 mode (in case of emergencies).

    The development and maintenance of changes to these architectures and models are a necessary condition for the promotion of standards, technologies and reference books in the international arena.

    The main place in the management system should be taken by staffing taking into account the necessary rotation at the level of clear regulations and standards, with maximum automation of the process of identifying and maintaining a specialist from school to his subsequent workplaces, with material and intangible motivation, including development.

    There is an urgent need to start training the missing personnel: to raise our functional and technical architects, designers, logisticians, production workers, techies, risk takers, security workers, and many, many other necessary specialists. When sending them to study at higher educational institutions, for retraining, at a conference to oblige to transfer to others (to create a knowledge management system and training) the experience and knowledge obtained at the expense of the customer, and not to make yourself an irreplaceable specialist.

    The implementation of a centralized, functional architecture in a short period of time (two to three years) will make it possible to overcome the existing gaps and ensure the country's leap over time.
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    1. krasin
      krasin 3 October 2013 08: 48
      It is urgent to start training for the missing personnel: to raise their functional and technical architects, designers, logisticians, production workers, technicians, risk-takers, security personnel, and many, many other necessary specialists.

      So the production managers, lawyers and other white pens got accustomed to us.
      1. vladimirZ
        vladimirZ 3 October 2013 10: 39
        It’s not only the overproduction of lawyers, economists and other managers, all the trouble is the lack of government in state-forming sectors of the economy, without which an independent sovereign state cannot exist - First of all, defense and related to them through the production technological chain, as well as energy, nuclear, aerospace, raw materials, railways and other important industries.
        There is no public administration and planning of strategically important industries, respectively, there is no order for the relevant specialties, scientists are not assigned tasks.
        It is necessary "not to reinvent the wheel," but to return to the good experience of the past, to recreate the Council of Ministers of the Russian Federation, the State Planning Committee of the Russian Federation, to return, while it is still possible, experienced professional personnel and to start WORKING elementarily. And not play iPhones.
        1. evil hamster
          evil hamster 3 October 2013 11: 29
          Gosplan in a market economy, and the private ownership of many industries - degenerates into another layer of officials no more. As for the state defense order, then we need a normal customer service (a number of institutions under the government) who will think what, how, where and when to order and write long-term development programs. And most importantly, the government should follow the recommendations and be consistent in this. And then we have as a new boss, so immediately a new vector of development (undoubtedly brilliant and vital, but the previous erroneous and ineffective and so on in a circle).
    2. domokl
      domokl 3 October 2013 08: 49
      In general, it is with the authors. But there is still a fly in the ointment.
      Centralization provides economic benefits, gives you the opportunity to control the entire process, but at the same time takes many talented designers who are not included in this system beyond the scope of work in the defense industry.
      At the moment, just small, non-polluted by state requirements enterprises proved to be more effective. Not later than yesterday I saw UAVs (electrolyte) created by students. UAVs are a record holder. With the proposed system, there are no prospects to see this development.
      1. smel
        smel 3 October 2013 08: 59
        At the moment, just small enterprises that are not blocked by state requirements have proved to be more effective.
        Debatable. It is very controversial. It remains only the responsibility of these small ones to lead to a normal state. And then after all, in the absence of this, financial support for public defense contracts to small offices will lead only to a stupid waste of funds. But the fact that our talents are not in demand by production and science is true and this is the fault of the system. To hire a matchmaker, godfather, brother-in-law, brother, is much more profitable and calmer than a restive specialist who knows how to work and defend his point of view
        1. asadov
          asadov 3 October 2013 09: 41
          I completely agree. The system is needed, but not with the help of godfathers, matchmakers, but young talents who can work with their heads and hands.
    3. Metlik
      Metlik 3 October 2013 09: 19
      Without attention, interest, concrete participation in the work of the defense industry of the top leadership, the commander in chief, any system will slip. Stalin personally engaged in important projects, knew all the managers. And Putin said that the state cannot be effective. That is, he gave a signal to officials - no need to strain, no one will ask you if the missiles do not fly.
    4. PSih2097
      PSih2097 3 October 2013 09: 24
      The implementation of a centralized, functional architecture in a short period of time (two to three years) will make it possible to overcome the existing gaps and ensure the country's leap over time.

      The introduction of measures 1940 - 1943 in the military-industrial complex in 2-3 years will solve all problems (both marriage, and theft, and violation of deadlines) ...
    5. Strashila
      Strashila 3 October 2013 09: 49
      And there will be no system ... their school of specialists with the modernization of education ala'americosia was simply profiled and ditched. .. insanity grows stronger.
      1. pahom54
        pahom54 3 October 2013 10: 48
        Yes, they didn’t quite profound ... Judging by the reviews even on this site, among us - 40-60 year olds, there were still specialists of Soviet hardening and with Soviet education, with sufficient experience working both in production and in research institutes. No need to look scornfully at our generation, but at the moment we could be in demand, however ...
        It is just necessary that the words of the country's leaders about the future well-being of the country coincide with the desires of both them and the people. We need a goal, we need confidence and firm will to achieve it - and all (or almost many) issues can be resolved. The question of how to solve remains open ...
    6. seller trucks
      seller trucks 3 October 2013 10: 26
      The main place in the management system should be taken by staffing taking into account the necessary rotation at the level of clear regulations and standards, with maximum automation of the process of identifying and maintaining a specialist from school to his subsequent workplaces, with material and intangible motivation, including development.

      Skoka buzzwords, the question is: what shisha? or rather, not even what to do with an idiotic school reform, after which schoolchildren are able to only read and write with errors. You gentlemen, reformers have ruined the whole system of secondary and higher technical education, how do you want to promote your reformist ideas? in a word, article (-) is not about anything?
    7. major071
      major071 3 October 2013 10: 33
      The defense industry destroyed in 20 years will be difficult to restore. Many enterprises remained in other republics, while their own, under the leadership of Western efficient managers, either collapsed or redesigned (not all of course, but there are many examples). Of course, the old connections have remained and are operating, but on completely different conditions. The younger generation sees themselves as successful managers, lawyers, but not engineers and workers. We need a system that will allow young scientists, engineers to earn money here with us, and not look to the west. In the presence of bright minds (we have a lot of them) and the desire of the authorities to correct this situation, it is quite possible. IMHO. soldier
    8. pahom54
      pahom54 3 October 2013 10: 41
      Quote: ... "... It is urgent to start training the missing staff: to raise their functional and technical architects, designers, logisticians, production workers, technicians, risk workers, security workers and many, many other necessary specialists. When sending them to study in higher education institutions, for retraining, at the conference to oblige to transfer to others (to create a knowledge management and training system) the experience and knowledge gained at the expense of the customer, and not to make oneself an irreplaceable specialist ... "...
      In his work on the state, Plato wrote about the need to select young people and prepare future statesmen from them. And his idea is applicable now: like sports schools of the Olympic reserve, to develop a network of boarding schools with comprehensive training of young people (children, say), with full government support, from poor families (do not spit on me, that's the point - poor people we are full, and they are not able to give their children a paid education). To educate and train them, as I have already said, is multifaceted, and special emphasis should be placed on patriotic education, to raise them as patriots of their homeland, their Fatherland, no matter how scolded by individuals. Through various testing, determine the directions in which the young person will be able to best prove himself - a humanist or a techie, and then train him in the country's leading universities at FREE departments (faculties), with constant state supervision of these young people. In other words, we need a whole state program for the preparation of these people NEEDED in our country.
      Yes, it will take a lot of time and financial resources, but the game is worth the candle: BETTER LONG THAN NO.
      However, the problem is that people should also be involved in this program - PATRIOTS OF THEIR HOMELAND, and not various sawmills of state funds and temporary workers, this, in my opinion, is the biggest problem.
      Do not think that my proposals are a utopia. At one time, the grandson of a friend of mine, at the age of five, worked part-time for ice cream, multiplying-dividing-adding-subtracting breathtaking numbers with lightning speed. I advised my grandmother and parents to turn to Luzhkov, who is scolded by everyone (although we live in a small provincial town where the entire economy has been destroyed to the ground). And what? No uncles arrived, "we talked to the parents, to the boy, and they took him to some closed boarding house. Result: after 4 years, the guy is unrecognizable, spar in two languages ​​(well, spar is for us who do not know), knows how dress, how to behave at the table, and much more ... The problem for parents is that the grandson and son have practically moved away from them, they come for 2-3 days a couple of times a year and that's all. However, I repeat, the family is completely poor, and if he was not taken to a boarding house, what and who he would become is unknown.I think that he ended up in approximately the institution that I am talking about, but I don’t know what God he is taught to serve ...
      In general, the meaning of my thoughts is as follows: but Russia has not yet completely lost the engineering and design backbone, and while there are still people who can transfer their knowledge. And you need to look for students for them in the province, which is not completely spoiled by modern shit democracy, in poor families, to select ABLE AND WISHING TO STUDY children and young people. Once again I’ll repeat: this will all be rewarded handsomely for Russia.
    9. atos_kin
      atos_kin 3 October 2013 12: 42
      "it is necessary to take into account the realities of globalization";
      "The system of process and project management should take into account all phases of creating a finished product"
      "we need a breakthrough in time, the result must be permanent, strategically long and planned"
      "need a centralized, comprehensive, vertically integrated management system"
      "it is necessary to involve all production sites"
      "It is urgent to start training the missing staff! ...

      Tired of articles with a set of slogans for May Day demonstrations. It would be more useful to acquaint those interested in the speedy revival of Russia's power with an analysis of the causes and consequences of successes and failures, with the names indicated (where possible).
    10. Peaceful military
      Peaceful military 3 October 2013 13: 42
      What needs to be done is known according to the example of Stalin's industrialization, breakthrough programs ala L.P. Beria and the Soviet military-industrial complex ala D.F. Ustinov.
      The question is different. WHO WILL DO IT?
      1. alone
        alone 3 October 2013 22: 19
        wassat apparently Rogozin))
        1. Peaceful military
          Peaceful military 3 October 2013 22: 52
          wassat apparently Rogozin))

          Oh ...
          I have nothing against D. Rogozin, but the scale of the person, in my opinion, is even less than the scale of his father’s personality, and even less the scale of the personalities I have