The formal cause of the conflict was the emergence of dual power: the introduction of the presidency while maintaining the authority of the Congress of People's Deputies of the Russian Federation and the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation. Supporters of the immediate implementation of radical economic reforms and privatization (in fact, the plunder of the national wealth) were grouped around President Boris Yeltsin. Gaidar, Chubais and their follow-ups were going to build order in the country at the expense of the people, when the comprador bourgeoisie oriented to the West would have all real power. In Russia, instead of the national economy that meets the basic needs of the people, it was proposed to form a "pipe economy", while preserving only profitable sectors that were supposed to pump the resources of our Motherland to the West and East. Naturally, with such an economy, the population of Russia was redundant, enough 20-30 million serving the "pipe". The rest of the population was deliberately lowered into poverty, allowed the real genocide of the Russian people and other indigenous peoples of Russia to be organized through anesthesia, alcoholism, criminal and sexual revolution that destroyed the basic moral concepts inherent in Russian (Soviet) man and the information war aimed at creating constant psychological depression of people , life in an atmosphere of fear, violence, informational mud.
Yeltsin’s opponents did not have a clear program of action and vision for the future of Russia, but were generally focused on the creation and development of the national bourgeoisie based on the Soviet industrial potential. They were grouped around Vice-President Alexander Rutsky and the Supreme Council, whose chairman was Ruslan Khasbulatov. The congress of people's deputies has repeatedly refused to ratify the Belovezhskaya agreement on the termination of the existence of the Soviet Union and remove from the text of the Constitution of the Russian Federation mention of the Constitution and laws of the USSR. The Congress also invited the Constitutional Court to decide on the illegal ratification of the Agreement establishing the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). The reason for the conflict was the question of changing the current Constitution. B. Yeltsin proposed to transfer the powers of the Congress of People's Deputies to the president by changing the form of government. Supporters of the Supreme Council advocated the preservation of the supreme power of representative bodies.
At the beginning of 1993, a solid conservative and anti-Yeltsin majority formed at the Congress of People's Deputies of Russia and the Supreme Soviet; they made up the Russian Unity block, which included communists, agrarians, etc. power of the president. The President, in response, signed the Decree “On Special Management Procedure”. On April 1993, a referendum was appointed with questions about confidence in the president, approval of the socio-economic policy of the President and the government, and the need for early elections of the President and people's deputies. Until 25 April, the activities of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation were suspended. The Constitutional Court recognized these actions of President Boris Yeltsin as immediately contradicting the nine articles of the Constitution. Emergency IX Congress of People's Deputies called the presidential decree an attempt of a coup d'état. According to the Basic Law for this was provided for the abdication of the head of state from power. However, the impeachment attempt failed.
25 April passed a referendum. In general, the referendum led to positive results for Yeltsin's supporters. The president and his entourage began to draft a new constitution, which was based on the idea of a presidential republic.
In the autumn, the conflict peaked. On September 21, the head of state made a televised address to the people, where he made a statement that the Supreme Council had ceased to be an organ of democracy. Yeltsin signed Decree No. 1400 “On the phased constitutional reform in the Russian Federation”, on its basis the Congress of People's Deputies and the Supreme Council were to cease their activities. On December 11-12 of the year 1993, elections were held to the State Duma. At the same time, the House of Soviets was cut off from communications (communications, electricity, water supply and sewerage), and the police began its blockade. Supporters of the Supreme Council announced that Boris Yeltsin had completed a coup d'état and that the X Extraordinary Congress of People's Deputies was convened ahead of time. The defense of the House of Soviets was headed by Vice-President A. Rutskoi, Chairman of the Supreme Council R. Khasbulatov and appointed by them - Minister of Defense V. Achalov and his deputy A. Makashov. Began an open confrontation.
It should be noted that the leaders of the resistance were very weak people, not ready for a real confrontation. The leaders of the Congress and the Supreme Council were already compromised in the eyes of the population by the previous “flexible” policies, the support they had previously provided to Yeltsin and the government, the responsibility for the reforms of Gaidar, and the often stupid nature of their meetings, broadcast publicly. Even going to open confrontation, the leaders of the party of Yeltsin’s opponents acted indecisively, inconsistently. The congress was not ready for a forceful confrontation, it was unable to prove its truth by force. Although all the possibilities for this were. The military loyal to the Constitution offered to protect the House of Soviets, but the deputies were afraid of blood, and their opponent was not afraid of shedding the blood of the Russian people.
Even that weaponwhich was in the building, was not distributed to the defenders of the Council. October 3 a popular uprising occurred and up to half a million people broke through to the building. But there was no force that organized the people, armed them and led to the storming of the Kremlin. It got to the point that the top leaders of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation appeared on television, calling for the prevention of bloodshed. Council supporters outside of Moscow were disorganized. Yeltsin's supporters quickly came to their senses and with the full support of representatives of the West (snipers, militants of the Zionist organization Beitar), suppressed a popular uprising.
The confrontation ended with what it was supposed to end with - the defeat of the legitimate authority, which did not want to defend itself. Yeltsin introduced a state of emergency. For the storming of the House of Soviets they recruited mercenaries, drove armored vehicles of elite formations. By the evening of October 4, the resistance of Yeltsin’s opponents was broken. Hundreds of patriots were killed. The dark years of sales began in Russia, the triumph of neoliberalism (in fact, neo-fascism).
The events of September - October 1993, were an excellent lesson, which showed that it is not enough to be right, one must be able to defend their ideals ...