Military Review

US Marine Corps will receive a new Havoc BTR

21
In the summer of 2013, the American company Lockheed Martin successfully completed the test program for protecting the new modular armored car Havoc (“Havok”) with the wheel formula 8х8. The new BTR was developed as part of the MPC program - Marine Personnel Carrier. With the help of detectors mounted on an armored personnel carrier, it was found that during the tests no damage was noted that would cause damage to any of the 3 crew members or 9 marines inside the combat vehicle.


“Willingness to perform various combat missions and security are our top priorities, and today we can say that the Havoc armored personnel carrier is able to protect marines in real conditions of modern combat. The Havoc's armor proved that all our preliminary calculations are correct, ”said Scott Green, who is vice president of ground vehicles at Lockheed Martin Missiles and Fire Control. In March, the 2013 of the year BNR on 100% performed all the test conditions that were organized to detect the buoyancy of the vehicle. Currently, the BTR is ready for mass production, a very high degree of unification of parts and assemblies with other floating vehicles of the Marine Corps (ILC) was achieved in the combat vehicle, which significantly reduces the cost of the vehicle, simplifies logistics and facilitates personnel training. .

The Havoc armored personnel carrier is a modern multi-purpose expeditionary combat vehicle, which was created on the basis of the successful baptism of the modular Finnish armored personnel carrier Patria (8х8) that was widespread in many armies of the world. In close cooperation with the specialists of the Israeli company Plasan Sasa Israel, Lockheed Martin engineers conducted a large-scale modernization of the combat vehicle in the interests of the US KMP. The configuration used allows placing on its base a wide range of weapons, communication systems and sensors for the successful solution of various tasks. The Havok armored personnel carrier has very good transportability and mobility indicators and is able to protect the crew and troops from various threats on the battlefield.

US Marine Corps will receive a new Havoc BTR

The armored personnel carrier was developed as part of the MPC program, which provides for the purchase of the 579 "medium" floating BTR with the wheel formula 8х8 for the US KMP. The program provides for the achievement of the operational readiness stage of the units armed with this equipment for the 2018 year. It is expected that in each of the battalions of the marines a new fighting vehicle will be equipped with a 1 company. It should be noted that the MPC program is complementary, and not alternative to the purchase programs of the promising EFV amphibious combat vehicle Expeditionary Fighting Vehicle, and after canceling the latter, the amphibious ACV amphibious tracked armored personnel carrier program adopted instead of the EFV is Amphibious Combat Vehicle. The basic requirements for a wheeled armored vehicle envisaged a combat weight in the range from 20,4 to 25 tons, enhanced mine protection, maximum speed on land at 65 mph, and on water - at least 6 nodes.

The prototype of the Havoc armored personnel carrier, manufactured according to the requirements of the USMC, was shown last year at the exhibition “Modern Day Marine”. The BTR did not have a V-shaped hull bottom, but in order to increase the level of protection against mines and land mines, the BTR was equipped with a special “subframe” of the hull. The armored vehicle also had a reinforced floor and special shockproof seats for the crew and landing force. So far, the KMP has not fully decided on the composition of the armament of the machine being created as part of the MPC program, but the prototype Havoc was equipped with a turret with an 40-mm automatic grenade launcher and an 12,7-mm heavy machine gun. The turret is similar to the one installed on AAV tracked armored personnel carriers used by marines.

Finnish roots

It is worth noting that the Finns managed to create one of the most successful 4 generation armored personnel carriers to date, which is in demand on the world market. In total, for the 2012 year, the Finns were able to conclude contracts for the supply of 1324 Patria AMV armored personnel carriers in various modifications, some of which have now been fully completed. In terms of the number of armored personnel carriers manufactured and ordered, Patria AMV is the undisputed leader among all modern 4-generation armored personnel carriers. These armored vehicles have already bought Poland, Croatia, Slovenia, Sweden and South Africa. The fact that the United States has created a new wheeled armored personnel carrier Havoc based on the Finnish modular BTR, says a lot about this car.


Work on the creation of the wheeled armored vehicle (KBM) of the new generation of Patria AMV - Armored Modular Vehicle began in the middle of the 90s of the last century. The basis of the new project Finnish designers put the results of research, which were carried out by scientific and technical units of the Finnish army, as well as the accumulated experience in the development and operation (including in peacekeeping missions under the auspices of the UN) BTR family Sisu HA-180, having a wheel formula 6x6. These machines have been manufactured in Finland since 1984. Finnish engineers considered several chassis options for the new armored personnel carrier - 6 x6, 8 x8 and 10 x10. At the same time, the military and specialists of Patria Vehicles came to the conclusion that the best for replacing the XA-180 will be KBM, having the wheel formula 8х8. This chassis best suited to the deployment of a variety of weapons and increase the security of the crew and landing force.

The layout of the combat vehicle complies with accepted NATO standards. Its body is divided into 4 offices: engine-transmission (MTO), control, combat and landing. Office of Management is located in the nose of the body of the armored personnel carrier at the left side. MTO is located to the right of the management department In the variant of an armored personnel carrier, the commander's place is located behind the driver, and the gunner’s place, which controls the machine-gun installation, is behind the military equipment and to the right of the commander. In this place the gunner and the commander of the machine form a fighting compartment. The troop compartment is designed for fully equipped infantry 8, it is located from the middle to the stern of the armored personnel carrier.

The hull of the KBM is welded, made of high-hardness rolled Armox armor plates. In the standard version, the armor of the vehicle is able to withstand the hit of ordinary NATO bullets of caliber 7,62-mm and corresponds to the 2 class of protection of the standard STANAG-4569. To increase armor protection can be used additional armor plates. In any case, according to the creators, the armored personnel carrier Patria AMV is not afraid of even 30-mm sub-caliber ammunition when firing at a frontal projection. In order to reduce the impact of the cumulative jet in case of an RPG RPG grenade hit in an armored troop-carrier, the combat vehicle is equipped with a lining that includes composite panels.


Unlike most of its counterparts, the Finnish BTR Patria AMV does not have a carrying body. Elements of its chassis are attached directly to the frame. Due to this, it was possible to significantly simplify the design of the lower part of the case, in addition, the frame protects the driveline from all sorts of mechanical damage.

The transmission, the engine and the undercarriage provide the KBM with a mass of 16 tons (in the BTR version) the maximum speed on the highway in 100 km / h. With the increase in the mass of the machine to 27 tons, depending on the modification, its dynamic characteristics do not become worse, since the range of different motors with power from 335 to 536 hp can be used for installation in Patria. At the same time, all KBM weights up to 22 tons are floating. For movement on the water surface in the rear part of the armored vehicle, 2 jet propulsion units are mounted, which allow afloat speeds up to 10 km / h.

The main attractive feature of the Patria AMV wheeled combat vehicle is the modularity of the design. First, at the request of the customer on the armored car can be installed a variety of transmission options and engines, heating systems, cooling systems, air conditioningcollective protection against weapons of mass destruction, as well as wheels of various types and sizes. Secondly, due to the various configuration of the base chassis, special equipment and armament at the output manages to get equipment of various purposes - BTR, BMP, KSHM, SAU, BREM, BMM, etc.

The most interesting of all presented on the market today is the version of the BMP for the UAE army. This vehicle is equipped with a turret with an armament complex from the Russian BMP-3. In addition to the BMP and BTR, two mortar systems AMOS and NEMO were developed on the basis of the wheeled combat vehicle Patria AMV. The first one is curious in that it includes a tower with two paired 120-mm breech-loading smooth-bore mortars that work in tandem with an automatic loader system. The NEMO version is a lightweight version of the AMOS system - it has only one 120-mm barrel.

Information sources:
-http: //www.militaryparitet.com/ttp/data/ic_ttp/6120
-http: //bmpd.livejournal.com/346161.html? thread = 7170097
-http://alternathistory.org.ua/finskie-kolesnye-bronirovannye-universalnye-modulnye-mashiny-patria-amv?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed:+alternathistory+(%D0%90%D0%BB%D1%8C%D1%82%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%B2%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%8F+%D0%98%D1%81%D1%82%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B8%D1%8F)
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  1. igorspb
    igorspb 1 October 2013 08: 50 New
    +1
    Very much like Finnish Patria. Inside so twins in general ..... General trends?
    1. self-propelled
      self-propelled 1 October 2013 08: 55 New
      +7
      Quote: igorspb
      General trends?

      common platform
      The fact that the U.S. has created a new Havoc wheeled armored personnel carrier Based on the Finnish modular armored personnel carriersays a lot about this car
    2. Michael_59
      Michael_59 1 October 2013 09: 04 New
      11
      Quote: igorspb
      Very much like Finnish Patria. Inside so twins in general ..... General trends?


      Have you read the article or just watched pictures ???
      1. Nayhas
        Nayhas 1 October 2013 10: 15 New
        13
        Quote: Michael_59
        Have you read the article or just watched pictures ???

        he was in a hurry to write the first comment, so there was no time for the article ... smile
  2. The comment was deleted.
  3. jandjella
    jandjella 1 October 2013 09: 06 New
    +4
    Boxer, too, from this series 7 I won’t be surprised that the boomerang will be identical? Sometimes new armored personnel carriers are designed in the same way.
  4. Turbo 253
    Turbo 253 1 October 2013 09: 29 New
    +3
    second option
    1. Turbo 253
      Turbo 253 1 October 2013 10: 43 New
      +2
      -----------------
  5. APASUS
    APASUS 1 October 2013 10: 00 New
    +8
    I look at them all as twins, no matter who produces.
    Find 10 differences
    1. Akim
      Akim 1 October 2013 10: 02 New
      +1
      Quote: APASUS
      Find 10 differences

      Guess who is the first?
  6. Akim
    Akim 1 October 2013 10: 01 New
    +4
    It seems that the Americans are in a crisis in the development of armored vehicles. Money and the best minds were thrown at high-tech toys, and they turned out to be overkill.
    1. Nayhas
      Nayhas 1 October 2013 10: 19 New
      +5
      Quote: Akim
      It seems that the Americans are in a crisis in the development of armored vehicles. Money and the best minds were thrown at high-tech toys, and they turned out to be overkill.

      The United States has never disdained foreign developments for completely pragmatic reasons. Why invent something that has already been invented and works well and you can buy it for relatively little money. Those. “Patria” is quite satisfied with the ILC in terms of its characteristics, you can create your own, but it will take time and a certain amount, for lower costs you can get the same from the Finns, but manufactured in the USA with a share of improvements for their whims.
    2. Cat
      Cat 1 October 2013 10: 24 New
      -1
      Quote: Akim
      It seems that the Americans are in a crisis in the development of armored vehicles. Money and the best minds were thrown at high-tech toys, and they turned out to be overkill.

      In in. The best minds are thrown at the creation of all kinds of iPhones, iPads, applications for them, well, for social networks yet. And it is unrealistic to change the situation, because against the background of the investment opportunities of crowds of the shaking schoolboys (and not only) - even the Fed with its notorious machine looks somehow unconvincing =)))
  7. avt
    avt 1 October 2013 10: 13 New
    +5
    laughing How many groans of orgasm were about the fact that Striker, the old Swiss Piranha, is the last miracle of technology and where do we go with our BetaRs? Now a new steel toy has appeared. No, I don’t want to say anything bad about the Phoenician armored personnel carrier, I just don’t know the design. But this faith today is to make an impenetrable armored personnel carrier, just like Hitler’s Mouse, and dissecting in open spaces pouring lead from a remote ... Well, for sure, an entire generation of shooters has played and it can be good. But right up to that point until reality you get it.
    1. vahatak
      vahatak 1 October 2013 11: 17 New
      +6
      In the standard version, the armor of the machine is able to withstand hit by ordinary NATO bullets of 7,62 mm caliber and corresponds to the 2nd class of protection of the STANAG-4569 standard.

      And where is the impenetrability? Large-caliber machine gun has not been canceled.
    2. pawel57
      pawel57 1 October 2013 19: 17 New
      +1
      Our armored personnel carrier 90 will be abruptly
    3. pawel57
      pawel57 1 October 2013 19: 18 New
      0
      Our armored personnel carrier 90 will be abruptly
      1. Basarev
        Basarev 26 October 2013 22: 33 New
        0
        It’s painfully high BTR-90. Here BTR-82A will shut up any Patria in a belt
        1. Bad_gr
          Bad_gr 26 October 2013 22: 43 New
          0
          Quote: Basarev
          It’s painfully high BTR-90. Here BTR-82A will shut up any Patria in a belt

    4. bask
      bask 1 October 2013 23: 20 New
      +2
      Quote: avt
      How many groans of orgasm were about the fact that Striker, the old Swiss Piranha, well, the last miracle of technology and kood

      The US Marine Corps is fighting in Afghanistan, not only on steep MRAPS, but also on simple, armored trucks with a GUNG.
      MTVR Oshkosh produced more than 7 000 thousand units .... An armor protection kit was developed by MTVR Israeli Plasan Sasa.
      1. Alex 241
        Alex 241 1 October 2013 23: 27 New
        +2
        Hi Andrey, here is the continuation of the topic.
        1. Alex 241
          Alex 241 1 October 2013 23: 31 New
          +1
          .................................................
          1. bask
            bask 1 October 2013 23: 36 New
            +2
            Good night, Sasha.
            But not all marines from SUSHA move across Afghanistan on the steep MRI.
            They move on simple armored trucks with armored towers.
            Without any mine protection.
    5. Basarev
      Basarev 26 October 2013 22: 32 New
      0
      They forgot the main testament of the Second World War - a miracle weapon - we are with you.
  8. Setrac
    Setrac 1 October 2013 12: 32 New
    +4
    Another clone. Let me draw your attention to the fact that the frame structure, and not the supporting body, is a huge step backward in the design of the BTR. No doubt, the designers did a good job, and the upholstery is also on par.
    1. postman
      postman 1 October 2013 17: 43 New
      +2
      Quote: Setrac
      and not the supporting body - a huge step back in the design of the armored personnel carrier.

      ??
      This is not a car.
      there are no problems with power density.
      - The frame is quite simple in design with respect to self-supporting bodies and has well-developed calculation methods
      - wide range of modifications
      - cheaper and less demanding on the process technology
      -more maintainable
      -if composite armor is used (will be): it’s difficult without a frame
      and on passive safety at road accident - to spit, not that task
      Of course, the tank does not need a frame ....
      1. ramsi
        ramsi 1 October 2013 20: 47 New
        +4
        the frame is simply an unnecessary appendage to the armored vehicle, which, due to the armor, can already be bearing, plus the height and weight of the car increase
        1. postman
          postman 2 October 2013 04: 52 New
          +1
          Quote: ramsi
          frame - just an unnecessary appendage to the armored car

          it was believed when the engines were weak, no one thought about modularity and armor was a piece of iron
          What about the 2219-T851, 2519-T87 and 2139-T8?
          http://books.google.ru/books?id=L9oaDntTOvwC&pg=PA1295&lpg=PA1295&dq=BALLISTIC+E
          VALUATION + OF + ALUMINUM + 2139-T8 & source = bl & ots = qRiHQndgZE & sig = UAOhm7TkeDFnzbxNeeA-9
          jDnhGY & hl = en & sa = X & ei = iuUTUdjqFZPE4gSU5oDoAw & redir_esc = y # v = onepage & q = BALLISTIC% 20
          EVALUATION% 20OF% 20ALUMINUM% 202139-T8 & f = false

          Quote: ramsi
          which, because of the armor, can already be a carrier

          10-7 mm?
          maybe but not always
          Quote: ramsi
          plus increases the height and weight of the machine

          frame SUV and supporting body .. BIG DIFFERENCES?
          1. ramsi
            ramsi 2 October 2013 09: 35 New
            +1
            Quote: Postman
            it was believed when the engines were weak, no one thought about modularity and armor was a piece of iron

            in my opinion, combat qualities should not be sacrificed for modularity, they are always lacking anyway
            Quote: Postman
            Quote: ramsi
            which, because of the armor, can already be a carrier

            10-7 mm?
            maybe but not always

            Do you think the frame is thicker? .. In any case, it’s easier to strengthen the body
            Quote: Postman
            frame SUV and supporting body .. BIG DIFFERENCES?

            20 centimeters in height, plus rolls due to an increased center of gravity, plus a denser fit on the belly in the mud.
            In general, there’s a different situation: the units are already “decent”, and the body iron is about 1 mm, in addition, the frame allows you to improve noise and vibration isolation
            1. postman
              postman 2 October 2013 14: 27 New
              0
              Quote: ramsi
              in my opinion, combat qualities should not be sacrificed for modularity

              But modularity (frame) is the same:
              -cheap cost (unification with a citizen)
              -can be assembled almost on the knee
              -variability (artillery tractor, truck, armored personnel carrier, infantry fighting vehicle, tank destroyer, command bunker, chemical protection machine, etc.)
              -Changed the requirement, trends- changed the hitch and go
              - maintainability (burned the barrel with a cumulative burst, a mine exploded, causing a deformation of the body
              etc.

              Quote: ramsi
              Do you think the frame is thicker? ..

              frame, this is a complex farm, with amplifiers, I advise you to look at the frame of Liebherr LTM cranes, but their data on the weight of the load on the boom (and the corresponding bending, torque) can fall into shock:
              http://www.liebherr.com/AT/ru-RU/products_at.wfw/id-179-0/measure-nonMetric
              FRAME!!!
              Quote: ramsi
              20 centimeters in height,

              Sarvite the last Range Rover (in my opinion since 1996) and the Landcruiser 200, feel the difference, be surprised
              Quote: ramsi
              plus rolls due to increased center of gravity

              for BTR speeds it’s not essential, not a split axle, dependent suspension, frame, they begin to “play” a role somewhere from 100km / h

              Quote: ramsi
              plus a tighter fit on the belly in the mud.

              protection of suspension elements and exhaust system, gearbox and crankcase, engine crankcase.
              I’m afraid in Cayenne to get in the same direction on Gehlen, I’ll rip everything to hell, although on passability the cayenne with Technopaket will make Gehlen ... if you don’t mind the money
              1. ramsi
                ramsi 2 October 2013 15: 03 New
                0
                frame and modularity - good, but up to the level of MRAP, tractor; then it goes to the detriment of combat qualities:
                - figs with him with a roll in corners, but when moving along a slope, but with a combat superstructure - the frame machine is more likely to tip over
                - mentioned “extra” height and weight
                - the smooth bottom quite reliably protects all-all-all
                - I saw to fig frames - for a combat vehicle, this is an extra detail
              2. Bad_gr
                Bad_gr 2 October 2013 21: 00 New
                0
                Quote: Postman
                Sarvite the last Range Rover (in my opinion since 1996) and the Landcruiser 200, feel the difference, be surprised

                In the latest Range (Land) rovers, the frame is integrated into the body. That is, the body is reinforced in loaded places. Which category do you consider Land Rover in: frame or load-bearing housing?
      2. bask
        bask 1 October 2013 23: 08 New
        +1
        Quote: Postman
        -if composite armor is used (will be): it’s difficult without a frame

        Not something like that. What prevents the installation of composite armor. (Composite armor MBT Abrams).
        1. postman
          postman 2 October 2013 04: 42 New
          +1
          Quote: bask
          What prevents the installation of composite armor. (Composite armor MBT Abrams).

          I've told : this does not apply to MBT, he himself and the frame and armor.
          What you are showing is hung on the armor. but if the harrow is 5 mm?
          Composite had in mind the type of Kevlar. Well, where do you install it without a frame?
          1. bask
            bask 2 October 2013 12: 19 New
            0
            Quote: Postman
            What you are showing is hung on the armor. but if the harrow is 5 mm?

            Dear postman, of a 5 mm carrier armored personnel carrier, and even 18 tons, it can’t be.
            It simply deforms. Then you need a frame from a metal profile or pipes in a mounted 5 mm armor + frame chassis.
            1. postman
              postman 2 October 2013 14: 37 New
              0
              Quote: bask
              Dear postman, of a 5 mm carrier armored personnel carrier, and even 18 tons, it can’t be.

              BTR-80 has a slightly differentiated bulletproof armor protection. The armored body of the conveyor is assembled by welding from rolled sheets of homogeneous armor steel with a thickness of 5 to 9 mm.

              project 141 "of a wheeled armored vehicle (armored personnel carrier) GAZ-40 with a bearing body of a 6-8 mm reservation (produced by the Murom Locomotive Repair Plant)

              The new-generation armored personnel carrier BTR-4 was first presented in 2006 at the Aerosvit-21 exhibition

              Combat weight, T: 19.3 + 3%
              with additional booking 23.7t + 3%

              The world premiere of the promising BTR-MDM will be held at Russia Arms Expo-2013

  9. avt
    avt 1 October 2013 13: 32 New
    +6
    Quote: Setrac
    No doubt, the designers did a good job, and the upholstery is also on par.

    And also PR at the exhibition and here are pictures of self-propelled commercials in commercials and now this is a wonderful miracle, to imitate the universal, well, and our Bakhcha compared to ----- ,, the Havoc prototype was equipped with a tower with a 40-mm automatic grenade launcher and 12,7 , 4 mm heavy machine gun. The tower is similar to the one that is installed on the AAV caterpillar armored personnel carriers used by the Marines. "--- Well, it sucks, where we, and even with the BMD-XNUMX, have left the miserable and miserable forever laughing No, I understand, now they will specifically explain what to compare, “incorrectly” due to the application of “specifics.” I didn’t understand the current again --- ,, In the standard version, the armor of the machine is able to withstand the hit of ordinary 7,62-mm NATO bullets. and corresponds to the 2nd class of protection of the STANAG-4569 standard. "----- which is quite comme il faut and even very progressive, but when you read the same thing about the Tiger or BMP-3, then it’s purely Pushkin - you’re a simpleton fool" and it’s useless to say that you can additionally like their defense to hang.
  10. wei
    wei 1 October 2013 13: 46 New
    +1
    To move on the water surface in the aft of the armored car mounted 2 water-jet propulsors, which allow you to develop afloat at a speed of up to 10 km / h.

    in 1 photo I can clearly see the screw request I need clarification what
  11. msv
    msv 1 October 2013 14: 29 New
    +6
    Indeed, the style of presentation. The beginning of the "sensors"
    Well, I think now, now I’ll read up to something breakthrough. Already almost imbued with love. And here:
    protection round from 7,62 bullets
    30mm forehead of specially emphasized ammunition
    Not even DZ, only composite materials. Rebel RPG protection ?!

    But options: color to choose from, decoration with rhinestones, airbrushing, installation of spoilers.
  12. progserega
    progserega 1 October 2013 16: 07 New
    +2
    Quote: Setrac
    Another clone. Let me draw your attention to the fact that the frame structure, and not the supporting body, is a huge step backward in the design of the BTR. No doubt, the designers did a good job, and the upholstery is also on par.

    Not for the sake of argument, but for information - but what is the advantage of the bearing case?
    1. bask
      bask 1 October 2013 21: 43 New
      +1
      Quote: progserega
      Not for the sake of argument, but for information - but what is the advantage of the bearing case?

      The use of a frame design, of course, reduces the cost of the armored personnel carrier and improves its manufacturability.
      But, reduces its resistance to undermining (suspension elements).
      The Polish armored personnel carrier Nippo also has a frame construction.
      The frame located outside the armored housing, with the support of the suspension elements.
      [/ Center]
      [Center]
  13. bublic82009
    bublic82009 1 October 2013 22: 42 New
    +1
    in a dry climate, this thing is not human, but in our mud it is nothing.
  14. beifall
    beifall 5 October 2013 06: 14 New
    -1
    We would like that, otherwise we’ll buy all kinds of junk -82, fie sucks !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!