Military Review

China gradually absorbs the North

23
China gradually absorbs the NorthThe PRC is booming, but in this growth there is a terrible danger hidden, if it stops, then you can collapse under the yoke of social and economic problems.

But for further growth external resources are needed. Beijing penetrates Latin America, already competes on equal terms with European and American companies on the Black Continent. Increasing influence on the countries of South-East Asia, absorbs energy resources of the Gulf countries, coal and iron from Australia.

But most of all he is interested in the northern strategic direction, there is located almost deserted, compared with China, Mongolia, Siberia and Kazakhstan. With Russia, China does not spoil relations yet, Moscow allows the PRC to receive everything necessary and so.

Kazakhstan and Mongolia are an ideal option for China’s foreign expansion. There are no serious armed forces, few people, vast territories, so necessary for the existence of the PRC resources.

Kazakhstan

- A huge deserted territory: total 16 million people, 6 people per square. km., this is 9-I area of ​​the world (2,7 million sq. km.). That is, an excess population of the PRC can be resettled to this territory.

- Huge reserves of the most important natural resources: ferrous and non-ferrous metals (deposits of gold, lead, chromium, bismuth, copper, molybdenum, aluminum, iron, manganese), more than 3% of world oil reserves, 1,7% of world reserves of natural gas, 21% of world reserves uranium, coal, phosphorites, etc. Almost the entire periodic table.

- Good opportunities for the development of agriculture: they grow wheat, sunflower, cotton, flax, fruit growing, melon growing, livestock breeding can be expanded.

- Water resources of Kazakhstan are of great importance for Beijing. China has very serious problems with water, some water sources are dirtied, and new sources are needed for the development of agriculture and the supply of clean water to the population. In Kazakhstan, they are. China is already taking water from the Black Irtysh and Ili, reducing the flow of water to Kazakhstan. China is actively developing agriculture in the border Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. The Black Irtysh-Karamay canal is being built, which is why we will soon witness the “Chinese-style” turn of the Irtysh, which will lead to the cessation of water supply to the Balkhash and Zaisan lakes, naturally without water inflow, they will gradually dry out and desertification of East Kazakhstan will begin. Beijing does not care about the future problems of Astana and the Kazakhs, its water code resolves to solve the “water issue” in favor of Chinese civilization. Beijing has not joined the “International Convention on the Use of Transboundary Watercourses”. Kazakhstan cannot oppose anything to this, it has no levers of pressure on Beijing. Attempts by Astana to diplomatically resolve the issue lead nowhere; Beijing ignores the problem.

- Historical the concept of China believes that a significant part of the land of Kazakhstan is the territory of Western China. Only the defeat of the Arabs in the 8th century did not allow China to establish itself on these lands.

- Kazakhstan is interesting to Beijing from a strategic point of view, as an exit to the Caspian Sea, Russia, a bridge to Europe.

- China is already carrying out financial and economic expansion, turning Astana into a vassal of sorts. The country's energy resources are put under control, the most important natural resources - in the first place enterprises of oil production, oil refining, and gas industry are bought up. When the global financial crisis began in 2008, Beijing deftly took advantage of this and pulled Astana out of the pit by issuing multi-billion loans. In 2008, China controlled 21% of Kazakhstan’s oil production. In the 2009 year, by issuing a loan of 10 billion dollars, Beijing received an 49% stake in Mangistaumunaigas (MMG) and access to uranium deposits. China’s share in Kazakhstan’s oil production is almost equal to that of Kazakhstan. China is crushing the local pipeline system for itself, investing in the construction of new ones with might and main. A gas pipeline is being built from Turkmenistan, China is reducing its dependence on Gazprom supplies.

- The Kazakh political elite is increasingly under the control of Beijing, the “Kazakh economic miracle” was saved by the PRC. Only this saved the country from the most severe socio-economic crisis.

- The multi-vector policy of Astana (on the USA, the European Union, Russia, and the PRC) failed. The West, like China, needs only resources; nobody remembers about ordinary Kazakhs.

- China has already begun to settle in Kazakhstan, it already has a community of about 300 thousand people.

- The military weakness of Kazakhstan, the size of the army is about 70 thousand people, along with the border guards, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Guard, the Ministry of Emergency Situations - about 105 thousand people. The PRC Army will crush the Kazakh forces almost instantly. Yes, and Kazakhstan has neither human reserves, nor a powerful economy to create an army that can withstand the forces of the Yellow Dragon.

The only opportunity for the Kazakhs not to become Chineseperhaps not by military means (if there are no major political crises on the plan), but by economic and demographic, back to the Russian world.

Russia is also not very profitable absorption of Kazakhstan by China, we have so huge border in the East, and so China will already border on the European part of Russia.


Mongolia

China’s actions in Mongolia are not diverse; China ingeniously economically absorbs this country, turning it into its northern province literally before our eyes.

- Huge - 1,5 million square meters. km (18-I in the world) territory, with a population of 2,7 million people, we can say empty land, less than 2 people per square kilometer.

- There are deposits of copper, coal, molybdenum, tin, tungsten and gold, gas, oil. It is very important that large reserves of uranium are found. Coking coal is important for the PRC for its steel industry. In economic terms, a large dependence on Russia (almost all electricity and petroleum products) and the PRC (most of the exports go there). And the transit of goods to the world market is possible only through Russia and China, there is no way out to other states, or to the sea, Ulan Bator. The economic influence of the PRC is constantly growing, it already controls almost all small and medium-sized businesses, and is approaching large ones. Beijing gives Mongolia favorable loans, increasing the dependence of Ulan Bator.

- The military capabilities are almost zero - an army of about 9 thousand people (2007 year). That is, if Beijing wants, then you can simply enter and occupy the territory.

- China is actively settling Mongolia with its workers, as in Russia in the Far East and Siberia.

- Historically, the People's Republic of China believes that Mongolia is part of Inner Mongolia, which is now part of China. Until 1911, Mongolia was under China, only then, with the support of the Russian Empire, the Mongols achieved independence. Then Mongolia was under the protectorate of the Russian Empire, and most likely only the 1917 revolution of the year, interrupted the process, the inclusion of Mongolia into the Russian civilization. The Chinese regained power over Mongolia, but not for long - in 1921, White Guard units under the command of an eccentric personality Baron Ungern von Sternberg knocked out the Chinese. They were defeated by the Red Army, and Mongolia became part of the socialist camp - on the whole, having won a lot from friendship with the Soviet Union. But we don’t have to complain either - the Mongols were one of our most devoted friends. After the death of the Red Empire, the resulting vacuum began to fill China and Western countries (USA, Canada), but Beijing is in a better position - it is near.

- China is leading a cultural offensive on Mongolia, improving its image by building houses and business centers in the capital of Mongolia. Begins to form the pro-Chinese intellectuals in Mongolia, allocating grants to study hundreds of students in China, thus forming the future political elite focused on the PRC.

In Mongolia, there are still quite a few supporters of the Russian civilization, many people remember our friendship. They remember that the Russians saved them from the Chinese genocide and assimilation, from the threat of being captured by Japan in the 30s. They know that in Inner Mongolia, China conducted a "Chinaization", practically destroying Mongolian culture and do not want a repetition of this in Mongolia. According to opinion polls: the majority of the population is in favor of a strategic partnership with Russia, followed by the United States, Japan, and China. The government in Ulaanbaatar tried to conduct a balanced policy in 90-s, maneuvering between Russia, China and Western companies.

Russia is extremely not profitable absorption of the Chinese civilization of Mongolia. From an economic point of view, we will lose important resources and the market for Russian goods, from the military - we will increase the length of the border under a possible blow (we are in favor of a peaceful Mongolia by our neighbor), strategic - we will lose friendly people to us. The Mongols, by virtue of their small number, almost immediately (by historical standards) will lose their originality.

Moscow must make every effort to maintain its influence in Mongolia. To save the Mongolian peoples. Apply a wide range of economic, cultural methods. The people of Mongolia will support such a strategy, they do not want to "Sinicize". Over time, Mongolia may become part of the Russian civilization.

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23 comments
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  1. Serg32
    Serg32 18 February 2011 10: 10
    +1
    What kind of Mongolia is it, soon half of Russia will become part of Chinese civilization.
  2. Arthur
    Arthur 18 February 2011 10: 43
    +1
    Russia has completely different enemies. And as for the migration of foreigners to Russia, this is another problem. Somewhere Tajiks-Uzbeks, Georgians, Armenians, and somewhere Chinese. Just maybe you don’t have to let them in to us?
    1. Chervonny
      Chervonny 22 November 2020 02: 29
      +23
      Quote: Arthur
      Russia has completely different enemies

      Russia, according to President Putin, has no enemies, only "partners".
      My personal opinion is that China is not our friend. He will stab us in the back.
  3. Serg32
    Serg32 18 February 2011 10: 56
    0
    The Germans were also once sworn friends, Russia does not have friends, all liberals sold in the 90s.
  4. Max
    Max 18 February 2011 11: 33
    +1
    Good article, relevant. In China, the main goal is the economic expansion of the whole world. This leads to cultural expansion. As for the military takeover, I propose that the authors slowly move away from such thoughts, because in the modern world such ideas are nonsense. Armies are now being created to a greater extent, for show. A kind of indicator of the health of the country's economy. China copied everything, put it on display, but NEVER will begin the first military expansion. Especially against Kazakhstan - the main ally of the Russian Federation, practically this is the Russian Federation itself. But the economy may well overwhelm, but let's not forget that not a single sane state will ever allow you to incline% of shares in favor of any foreign client, because this is a direct threat to the nat. security. China is a parasite that is developing rapidly around the world, but which is easy to contain at a certain stage of introducing another state into the economy.
    1. Beil88
      Beil88 15 October 2011 15: 06
      0
      Quote: max
      Good article, relevant. In China, the main goal is the economic expansion of the whole world. This leads to cultural expansion. As for the military takeover, I propose that the authors slowly move away from such thoughts, because in the modern world such ideas are nonsense. Armies are now being created to a greater extent, for show. A kind of indicator of the health of the country's economy. China copied everything, put it on display, but NEVER will begin the first military expansion. Especially against Kazakhstan - the main ally of the Russian Federation, practically this is the Russian Federation itself. But the economy may well overwhelm, but let's not forget that not a single sane state will ever allow you to incline% of shares in favor of any foreign client, because this is a direct threat to the nat. security. China is a parasite that is developing rapidly around the world, but which is easy to contain at a certain stage of introducing another state into the economy.


      In general, I agree with you, China is primarily striving for economic expansion, while the Chinese fought almost always badly, it is not their business to wave the sword. Rather, the Martians will attack New Zealand than China will attack Russia.
      But about the role of the army, I think you're wrong. The defense costs of any strong state are always very high - this is an instrument to protect their national interests. Name at least one developed country that would create a showy armed forces? The army is not a show off, but the fangs and teeth of the state.
  5. Skills
    18 February 2011 12: 04
    +1
    Military expansion is possible in case of a sharp destabilization of the situation in the world.
  6. Serg32
    Serg32 18 February 2011 12: 12
    +1
    Nonsense is not the understanding that power is precisely the main factor in politics. Explain that the army is being created to show off in Iraq, Chechnya, Sudan, Korea, Afghanistan, Serbia, Ossetia.
  7. Max
    Max 18 February 2011 12: 40
    0
    Particularly pleased with the phrase: the army is being created for a show in Iraq, Chechnya :))))

    Serge, then explain to me why Japan is the strongest economy in the world, and one of the most developed countries in the world, has practically been deprived of an army for half a century? Think about whether the army is needed in order to live quite enough and fully! After all, if you look like this, then half of the country would rush to seize Russia, China, the USA, etc. Now the capture is going on completely different principle, however, I described it above ....
    1. Beil88
      Beil88 15 October 2011 15: 19
      0
      Quote: max
      Explain to me then why Japan is the strongest economy in the world, and one of the most developed countries in the world, has practically been deprived of the army for half a century?


      Japan is forbidden to have such an army that they might like to have, following the results of the Second World War. Japan itself is rigidly included in the American military system, where they play the role of only a bridgehead, and not an equivalent military ally - the Japanese are only servants.
      According to unofficial data, Japan already has nuclear weapons (like Israel) - is this not a desire for strength?

      Quote: max
      Think about whether the army is needed in order to live quite enough and fully! After all, if you look like this, then half of the country would rush to seize Russia, China, the USA, etc.


      If you do not claim independence in foreign and domestic policy and are ready to obey the decisions of a stronger state than yours, then you really do not need an Army. It's the same as twice two. Rich? Know how to protect yourself!
  8. Michael
    Michael 18 February 2011 20: 47
    0
    Quote: Serg32
    Russia has no friends

    There is - the Army and Navy of Russia (at least some, but ours).
  9. Skills
    18 February 2011 21: 21
    +1
    About Japan:
    1. She was defeated in the Second World War, was deprived of the Armed Forces, occupied by the States, but gradually the United States allowed them to create self-defense forces.
    2. In the present. Tokyo's time has small but well-armed 240 sun. Thousands (on 2006), and their navy is stronger than our Pacific Fleet, without nuclear weapons.
    3. Currently, Tokyo has adopted a massive program. re-armed, concerned about the growing power of China and the unstable situation on the Korean Peninsula.
  10. Serg32
    Serg32 19 February 2011 11: 39
    +1
    Dear max!
    Please provide me with links confirming your words: "Japan is the strongest economy in the world, and one of the most developed countries in the world, practically deprived of an army for half a century?"
    I am ready to provide you with any links refuting this false statement. For starters, this
    www.selfupravlenie.ru/24-06.php
    Where it is directly indicated that Japan now has the 5th military budget in the world !!! Exceeding even Russian!
    In the 90s, Japan had the 2nd military budget in the world.
    In Soviet times, Japan was considered in the 6 main capitalist states opposing the USSR. The book "The Armed Forces of the Main Capitalist States"
    After World War II, Japan became an active US military ally. From its territory aggression was carried out against China, North Korea, Vietnam, it constantly presented territorial claims against the USSR, had a triple in size fleet among the capitalist states. She did not acknowledge the atrocities of her war criminals in World War II.
    For such an allied policy, the United States provided it with access to its markets and all-round support, which was the impetus for the "Japanese economic miracle"!

  11. max
    max 19 February 2011 15: 06
    0
    I agree with the fact that Japan began arming itself, but mind you, I did not deny it.

    And as for the facts confirming that Japan has practically no army, you can at least compare their Air Force. Enter Wikipedia: Japan Self-Defense Air Force

    And also the Russian Air Force:


    In my opinion, the facts on the face, 10-15 times, the Japanese are inferior. And if you add modern missile defense and air defense in Russia, etc. so here you don’t even have to talk about any Japanese army :)
  12. The
    The 19 February 2011 21: 53
    0
    max,
    Similarly, they thought before the Russo-Japanese war, and what was the result?
  13. sokol
    sokol 20 February 2011 01: 11
    0
    An example of the deployment of hostilities: at night, from the depths of the sea, Japanese squabbles, without a declaration of war, with salvoes of cruise missiles attack radar, air defense, airfields, ships of the Far Eastern VF of the Russian Federation and other land-based military objects. Then the aircraft of the Land of the Risen Sun finishes the remaining ships and military objects on the territory After, all the power of the aircraft, ships of the Surface and submarine fleets begins to "iron" the machine-gun and artillery nests of the Kuril ridge. The sleepy gornison hastily kappituliruet. already an atomic sumparine from the depths of the Northern Fleet, fires a salvo and two Sineva missiles, breaking through Japanese destroyers from the Aegis missile defense system fall into the seas around the Japanese islands. After two limited nuclear explosions (specially prepared), Tsunami waves and overcrowded cities rise The Lands of the Setting Sun are engulfed in flood, chaos and destruction. o forward, the tank division hastily rolls back and the demoralized Japanese generals begin a rescue operation of the civilian population. The hostilities end within 2 days. As a result: -Russia retains its sovereignty and becomes an "outcast" country, and Japan for a long time ceases to be a country of "Economic miracle" and more forever forgets about the northern territories.

    Sorry, confused articles.
  14. Skills
    20 February 2011 10: 40
    0
    The problem is that at least the Japanese Air Force is smaller than ours, but they can be quickly concentrated. And we have a large part of them, as well as other divisions in Europe. parts, like the beginning of the 20 century.
    And the limited use of nuclear weapons requires the Will, I doubt that Medvedev is capable of it.
  15. sokol
    sokol 21 February 2011 14: 21
    0
    Skil, this is a joke. And to be honest, the Japanese will never risk getting involved in an armed conflict with a state that can destroy them in no time, even as in an alliance with the United States, at least under their pressure. They live too well to think As for the concentration of troops, this is not as conceptual as during the Russo-Japanese War, with the exception of the fleet, in the age of jet aviation (in a day, combat squadrons can be redeployed from Europe to the Far East region) and missiles ( I think that there is something like "Bastions" and "Iskander" there), the rest of the military components (guns and tanks) are not so important. I think there is a second scenario of events that is more realistic: blocking by the US and Japanese fleets of our fleet, a lightning rush of a Japanese tank division on the Kuril ridge, a demonstration of force in Europe, and even if the garrison resists to the last soldier (the Japanese will promise them a lot for bloodless surrender, up to the heroes of Japan), the fleet and aviation will not be able to help them. It will cost little blood (only the garrison will suffer and several of our planes and ships will be destroyed as a preventive measure) So the key to the Kuril ridge lies in Uncle Sam's pocket, and he will use it whenever he may.
  16. Alma
    Alma April 24 2011 01: 42
    0
    The author - Alexander Samsonov, THANKS for the offer to return to the Russian world. But, we ourselves can exist as a separate, sovereign state !!! I have nothing against the Russians, but, excuse me, it seems you should think before writing this: This is the only opportunity for the Kazakhs not to become Chinese, to return to the Russian world.
  17. fizik
    fizik 11 May 2011 18: 50
    0
    China is a very serious problem for Russia!
    in vain Mr. Medvedev does not see her!
    Chinese diasporas in every city are not only in Europe, but also in Russia are more than one thousand. These are well-organized triads, deeply conspiracy. They remain neutral until the team!
    1. lightforcer
      lightforcer 15 October 2011 15: 18
      0
      I don’t see her either. China is expanding to Africa and America. The country itself is extremely far from overpopulation, unlike, for example, Japan. And the territory of Siberia is far from being a paradise on earth, and they can already buy resources as much as they like.
      1. Beil88
        Beil88 15 October 2011 15: 52
        0
        Quote: lightforcer
        I don’t see her either. China is expanding to Africa and America. The country itself is extremely far from overpopulation, unlike, for example, Japan. And the territory of Siberia is far from being a paradise on earth, and they can already buy resources as much as they like.


        Right! China still has its own land in bulk, to shovel for decades. But scrambling for Russia is like dropping a forehead into a wall: you remember the wall, maybe even part of the bricks will crumble, but there will be no brains in the head, they will be sprayed through the ears. China is well overclocked, why would it rush to the wall? Are they what?
  18. Rinat.kz
    Rinat.kz 4 November 2012 17: 50
    0
    At present, the Chinese can do expansion only in economic terms and not as in the military. In war, the main quality and not quantity.

    Kazakhstan will be armed and most importantly with Russian weapons.
  19. Chervonny
    Chervonny 22 November 2020 02: 28
    +20
    Moscow allows the PRC to receive everything it needs anyway

    For almost 10 years, since this article was written, nothing has changed ... Except for one thing, China is climbing more and more actively and more insolently, everywhere.