In the middle of September, the anniversary X International competition of sniper couples, dedicated to the memory of the tragic deceased officer of the special purpose division of the FSB of Russia “Alpha Krasnodar”, Viktor Lisovsky, opened in the Krasnodar Territory. According to the already established good tradition, the participants and guests of the competition were greeted by the Governor of Krasnodar Region Alexander Tkachev and the Head of the FSB Directorate for the Krasnodar Region Mikhail Vlasenko.
“These competitions are dedicated to the best son of his fatherland, Viktor Lisovsky, a hero, an officer who has repeatedly been in hot spots, in Chechnya, Dagestan, Ingushetia, who defended our homeland not sparing his stomach. At the call of young people, recruits Krasnodar region ranks first in Russia. 24 thousands of draftees go to serve in the military every year. It’s not customary to take off here, there is good physical training, patriotism, and we support it. I wish you all a strong hand, a keen eye, and good luck - said Alexander Tkachev, addressing the participants of the competition.
Mikhail Vlasenko, in his speech, noted that thanks to such competitions, snipers from domestic and foreign law enforcement agencies and departments improve their training, exchange experience with their colleagues and significantly increase their professional level.
These people are laconic and serious, they do not like photo lenses and video cameras aimed at them, and almost never talk about their work. As a musician with trepidation and affection relating to his violin, so they relate to their rifles. This is the military elite of power structures - they are snipers.
This year, teams from more than 20 states gathered in the Kuban - Swedes and Hungarians, Kazakhs and Belarusians, Chinese and Ukrainians, only about 100 of the best shooters of the world met for a few days in order to confirm their professional status and get acquainted with the experience of foreign colleagues. Almost all the participants of the competition - the current employees of anti-terrorist units and various law enforcement agencies, special forces of the FSB and the Ministry of Defense, the security service of the President of Russia and officers of the SOBR, riot policemen and veterans of the army intelligence, in general, there are no random people here and there can not be. Here all attention is directed to professionalism and competition among the best of the best.
And it began more and more 20 years ago, too, thanks to the professionals. At the end of 1990, Viktor Lisovsky, an officer of the Krasnodar UFSB, addressed the leadership with a proposal to hold the first in Russia sniping competitions from various law enforcement agencies on the territory of the region. According to Lisovsky, (who, by the way, was an excellent shooter himself and participated in many counter-terrorism activities in the North Caucasus and other regions), in order to increase sniper professionalism, it is necessary to take into account not only his knowledge, but also the experience of other shooters. After all, in every power structure, snipers have their own secrets and practices, in the field of camouflage, shooting training, handling weapons etc. And sharing this experience with colleagues is vital, especially the arrows from special forces, which often perform similar tasks both in war and peacetime. And where to gather in one place so many professionals? Only at competitions where you can, as they say, look at people and show yourself.
The leadership of the regional UFSB reacted to the proposal of the officer with understanding and support, and as a result, the first competitions of snipers serving in the units of the North Caucasus were held in 1997. The debut of Viktor Lisovsky as the initiator and organizer of the competition was so successful, and the competition was so much in love with the participants that the following year 30 teams from all over Russia came to the Krasnodar Territory, and a year later the shooters participated in the competitions in Kuban from Belarus, Ukraine and the UK. After this, the competitions received international status, with regular holding in the Krasnodar Territory once every two years, and the organizers and curators were the CSF FSB of Russia, the FSB Directorate of the Russian FSB for the Krasnodar Territory and the Alfa-Krasnodar anti-terror unit.
To everyone's deep regret, Viktor Georgievich Lisovsky has tragically died in a car accident in 2001, returning from his job assignment. In memory of him, as a wonderful person and professional sniper, colleagues in the Krasnodar UFSB decided to officially name the international sniper competition “to the memory of Viktor Lisovsky,” and Dmitry Edalin, one of the officers of the special forces unit, became the main organizer and judge of the competition.
According to the regulations established by the organizers, regular and non-standard snipers of anti-terrorist and special military units are allowed to participate in the competition, regardless of their rank or age. Each shooter is obliged to bring with them weapons and equipment: this is a sniper rifle in caliber up to 9 mm, ammunition in the amount of at least 400 cartridges, communications equipment and devices for orientation in the terrain, camouflage suit, shooting mat, knife, camouflage weapons, watches, lantern, water bottle and tactical makeup.
Before admission to the main stages of the competition, all participants must pass a qualification test, hitting with one shot in the head of the target. Under the terms of qualification, a shot is made by a sniper from a cold barrel with a time limit of two minutes, from a distance from 50 to 300 meters (for each participant, the distance to the target is determined by a lottery). Qualifying offset is getting into the nose (just between the eyes) of the face depicted on the target. Such a hit automatically confirms the professional level of the anti-terror special forces shooter, where in 99 cases from 100 in a combat situation a sniper has the right to only one shot!
Competitions are designed for 5 days, divided into several stages and almost cover all the specifics of the sniper work of both police and army units. In the competition program there are stages - “sniper duel”, “accuracy of hitting”, “art of disguise”, “specificity of the sniper's combat work” and “group of police exercises”. One of the most difficult stages of the competition for shooters is the SBRS “the specifics of the sniper's combat work”. The length of the route is up to 10 km. It is necessary to go through the enemy’s barrier posts, without engaging in firing contact, bypassing the mined areas, identify by the “terrorists” photo, complete the combat task (time spent at the firing line up to 10-15 minutes, defeat the target only in the head) and escape from opposition forces to the place of evacuation, and all this despite the September rains! In this exercise, first of all, the consistency of the work of snipers in a pair, their physical endurance, ability to navigate, observe, and use their skills in disguise and the art of shooting in non-standard situations are checked.
This year the representatives of the Chinese and Swedish police showed the greatest interest among the participants and the few guests of the competition, who showed not only a high enough class of rifle training, but also demonstrated serious technical equipment. Strange, but China and Sweden, like Hungary, which also sent well-trained snipers to the competition, did not participate in wars and conflicts for more than half a century. But despite the peaceful and quiet life, the leadership of the special forces of these countries is actively involved in the development of sniper art, in the material and technical equipment of the staff of the anti-terror units.
It's a shame to admit, but Russian security officials, constantly confronted with terrorism in the republics of the North Caucasus, are often forced to buy for their money weapons, ammunition and other “trifles” necessary for work, knowing that you can expect help from the leadership for years! The situation with training places is also deplorable, if powerful federal structures like FSO and CSF FSB have their own training bases and training grounds, then for an ordinary regional SOBR this is the limit of unrealistic dreams. As the commander of one of these units said, he almost in a partisan way, using personal acquaintances, takes out his subordinates to military ranges in the neighboring region so that his staff can practice the skills of rifle and tactical training.
“Here at the competitions we, unfortunately, look like people from the Stone Age,” says police sniper Victor (the names here and below are changed at the request of the competition organizers). - Our foreign colleagues are equipped with the latest technology, ranging from a rifle and ammunition. And we can not afford elementary things that are essential in work. And not because it is not available, now you can buy anything, the main problem is the lack of adequate financial support for our structures. It comes to the fact that we are forced to buy for our money sights, ammunition for training and other necessary things. After all, work should be done, and no one except us cares about how we do it, and as for the competitions themselves, this is a really cool event where you can learn something and learn something new about our work and tactics. !
A representative of one of the army special-purpose units Andrei said a bit more optimistically about competitions and sniper everyday life:
- Competitions are excellent, there is an opportunity to spend a week with colleagues, chat, share impressions, shoot at different targets, test yourself and your training along with other shooters. It is very interesting to talk to foreigners, the translator has already been tortured with questions, the Swedes are very interesting guys, the Chinese are great, all young, no older than 23-25, but it is clear that the school went through a good one. They say that the Hungarians or our FSO-shniki will win, but I would not say so, there are a lot of strong guys both among us and the police, and in general the bullet will show who is cooler! Now our snipers have one problem - no good weapons, it is difficult to officially push through bureaucrats and put them into service. Independent offices of the type of FSB or FSO can afford any type of weapon, they have everything in order with both management and money. And we have to go through ten offices and sign a hundred reports, and still the effect of this will be close to zero. It is a shame that many good guys came here with old SVD-shki, when there is a more modern weapon, it is clear that everything depends on the sniper himself, but on the other hand, why a good sniper who disappears on 6-8 business trips does not acquire modern weapons with which he will be able to carry out his combat missions with even better quality! Why in tiny Sweden, the authorities can afford to maintain a sniper police unit and equip it with a modern weapons complex with all the bells and whistles. And this is a country in which there was not a single military conflict, and the crime in it on the 145 place in the world, and where then is justice ?!
So what kind of armament is necessary for our snipers in order to adequately and efficiently perform their work?
According to expert polls, Finnish rifles SAKO TRG-22 of caliber (308) and SAKO TRG-42 of caliber (338) are very popular with domestic snipers, there are samples of German and American production, but it’s very difficult to buy such rifles for Russian special forces units from -for regulatory and bureaucratic documents (weapons of non-domestic production should not be in service with the Russian units). At the same time, all foreign sniper systems, which can be seen at competitions with colleagues from the same Swedish or Chinese police, have long been commercially available in Russia and can be bought by any individual, taking the appropriate permission from law enforcement agencies. But, for example, the Finnish SAKO TRG with a reliable foreign sight, satisfying the high requirements of snipers, is much cheaper (depending on the cost of the sight) than the CB-98 rifle with the Hyperon sight (which is now actively lobbied by suppliers of domestic weapons, but according to reviews impractical and unbearable). Or a new Russian rifle ORSIS (the manufacturer was one of the sponsors of the sniper pair competition), about which almost every sniper today negatively responds. Most likely, as experts say, the factory has already received a defective consignment from the factory, almost all rifles have the same problems with the bolt. In connection with all the above, an opinion is being formed, and is it not at the time, finally, the leadership of our security agencies to give professionals the opportunity to choose and evaluate what equipment is best for them? After all, sometimes the fate of hundreds and thousands of people directly or indirectly depend on the only, but extremely accurate shot of a sniper.