Military Review

Russian bayonet

140



History Russian bayonet overgrown with a mass of legends, sometimes completely untrue. Many of them have long been perceived as true.

Perhaps one of the most interesting references to the use of the bayonet, which is now very fond of quoting various domestic and Western "historians", is the words of the greatest commander A.V. Suvorov: "The bullet is a fool, the bayonet is good." Now these words are trying to show the backwardness of the Russian army, in fact, saying that in the hands of the Russian soldier the gun was like a spear. And the function of the shot was absolutely secondary. Alexander Vasilyevich, if he knew about such an interpretation of his words in the future, he would be very surprised.

Russian bayonet


In the original, the words of A.V. Suvorov in “Science to win” sounds like this: “Take care of a bullet for three days, and sometimes for a whole campaign, as there is nowhere to take. Shoot rarely, aptly; Bayonet if firmly. The bullet will obmishulitsya, the bayonet will not obmishulitsya: bullet - a fool, a bayonet - well done. This fragment as a whole completely changes the understanding of the phrase that is usually illiterately snatched from the works of the commander. The commander only calls to take care of the ammunition and shoot accurately and emphasizes the importance of the ability to work with a bayonet. The era of muzzle-loading weapons made her try to shoot accurately, the importance of accurate shooting was underestimated. But smooth-bore shotguns with baggy loading could not provide a high rate of fire, the required accuracy, and good command of the bayonet in battle was very important. This is emphasized by other Suvorov words: “One person can stab three people with a bayonet, four of them, and a hundred bullets fly into the air.”

The Russian bayonet is traditionally needle with a three or four-edged blade, a neck and a tube with a slot for putting it on the trunk. It is now accepted to criticize military officials who have held our soldiers with a needle bayonet for so long, when in many armies of the world a “bayonet”, a bayonet with a knife-like blade and a handle, was already introduced. What only explanations for this do not come up. Perhaps the most absurd thing is that the military officials considered that “bayonet-knives” are of great economic value to the soldier, and they will carry them home from service. And nobody needs a needle bayonet. Such nonsense can be cultivated only by people who are far from military history and who do not at all represent the rules for dealing with state-owned property. It is strange that the presence of full-time besak and other cold soldier’s weapons are not commented on by the authors of this “wild explanation”.


1812, Borodino, bayonet attacks


Let us return to the bayonets, so - a bayonet for a muzzle-loading gun. It is clear that the bayonet must be constantly attached, but at the same time allow the gun to be loaded safely for the shooter. These requirements are suitable only for a three-edged bayonet, which has a long neck, diverting the bayonet wedge from the muzzle to a distance that is safe for the hand when loading. In this case, the face turned to the muzzle cut should not be sharp. These requirements are well satisfied with a triangular bayonet with a flat face facing the muzzle.

Jaeger, at the huntsman sitting in a sheath with a choke on the side of a bayonet


And were there in the Russian army bayonets? Of course they were. More in the XVIII century. such bayonets were accepted for the chasseurs of Jaeger, at that time they were called dirks. The bayonet, for example, was at the famous Russian littykh fitting arr. 1843 d. A strange picture is being drawn again, why Russian huntsmen and skirmishers did not cut their hands when loading the choke with the knife blade. The answer is simple, the huntsmen and skirmishers solved specific problems with their rifle weapons, in modern terms, they were snipers. As an example, an episode related to the defense of Smolensk in 1812 could be cited. Against the actions of just one huntsman on the right bank of the Dnieper, the French were forced to concentrate gunfire and use artillery, only at night the huntsman stopped. On the morning of the next day, a non-commissioned officer of the Chasseur Regiment was killed by the core. What is the need for a sniper in a bayonet? Only in the extreme case, it is adjacent to the bayonet bayonet.

The very important issue was the length of the bayonet, it was determined for a reason, and on the basis of the most important requirement. The total length of the gun with a bayonet should be such that the infantryman can at a safe distance reflect the saber blow of the cavalryman. Accordingly, the length of the bayonet was determined. Threaded nozzles were shorter than infantry rifles and bayonet-tezak to them, respectively, longer. When fired, he caused inconvenience, outweighed the muzzle of the barrel down, deflected the direction of the bullet.

A rifle with a needle bayonet in the hands of a skilled soldier worked wonders. As an example, we can recall the feat of corporal Leonty Korennogo, in 1813 in the battle of Leipzig in the village of Goss, his unit was trapped by superior enemy forces. Evacuating the wounded, Root with a small number of comrades entered into a bayonet battle with the French, he was soon left alone, parrying the bayonet strikes, he struck them himself, after the bayonet broke, fighting off the butt. When Root, wounded by French bayonets, fell, then there were many French bodies around him. The hero received 18 bayonet wounds, but survived, in recognition of his highest military prowess on the personal orders of Napoleon, he was released from captivity.

As time went on, weapons changed, after the American Civil War, when all the advantages of breech-loading systems for unitary cartridges, characterized by high rate of fire, were revealed, the military began to talk about the senselessness of the bayonet. As with such a rate of fire, the matter will not reach bayonets.

The first Russian breech-loading rifles had triangular bayonets identical to the old guns. This was due to the fact that 6-linear rifles at the beginning of their release were remakes from the old muzzle-loading ones, and there was no point in changing the old bayonet for them.

The last bayonet in the Russian Empire to the fitting of infantry battalions arr. 1843 g. ("Littykh fitting") and the first mass bayonet in the Soviet Union to the ABC-36 rifle


The bayonet to the "littykh fitting", the scabbard is a modern English-style reconstruction


The first Russian rifle, which was originally designed as a breech-loading, was a 4,2-linear rifle arr. 1868 of the Gorlov-Gu-nius system (“Berdan system No. XXUMX”). This rifle was designed by our officers in the United States and was shot without a bayonet. Gorlov, at his discretion, chose a triangular bayonet for the rifle, which was installed under the barrel. After the shooting with the bayonet, it turned out that the bullet moves away from the aiming point. After that, a new, more durable tetrahedral bayonet was designed (remember that three faces were needed exclusively for muzzle-loading systems). This bayonet, as in the previous rifles, was placed to the right of the barrel to compensate for the derivation.

Feat Leonty Korenny. Leonty received 18 bayonet wounds; after the death of his comrades, he alone fought against the French unit in hand-to-hand combat. The wounded man was captured as one who showed the highest military prowess, after being healed, he was released on Napoleon’s personal order from captivity


Such a bayonet was adopted to the 4,2-linear infantry rifle arr. 1870 g. ("System Berdan №2") and, slightly modified, to the dragoon version of this rifle. And here began a very interesting attempt to replace the needle bayonet with a bayonet-cleaver. Only the efforts of the best Russian minister of war in the entire history of our state, Dmitry Alekseevich Milyutin, managed to defend an excellent Russian bayonet. We give an excerpt from the diary of D.A. Milyutin for 14 March 1874 g .: “... again the question was raised about replacing bayonets with headers ... following the example of the Prussians. Three times this issue has already been discussed by persons competent: everyone unanimously gave an advantage to our bayonets and refuted the sovereign's assumptions that the bayonets adjoined the guns only at the time when it was necessary to act with cold arms. And despite all the previous reports in this sense, the question is again raised for the fourth time. With high probability, one can assume the insistence of the Duke George of Mecklenburg-Strelitzky, who cannot allow us to have anything better than in the Prussian army. ”

The bayonet to the smooth-barrel muzzle-loading Russian 7-line infantry rifle arr. 1828. With a decrease in the length of the gun or rifle, the length of the bayonet increased. The requirements of protection from a cavalryman’s saber strike determined the total length of an infantry gun (rifle) with a bayonet attached.


Bayonet to the 6-linear rapid-fire rifle arr. 1869 g. (“Krnka system”, this bayonet is a bayonet, originally adopted for a muzzle-loading 6 linear rifle, 1856 g.)


The bayonet to the 4,2-linear infantry rifle arr. 1870 g. ("System Berdan №2")


This issue was finally resolved only in 1876. Here's what DA Milyutin writes about this on 14 on April 1876 G.: “With my report, the sovereign announced to me his decision about the bayonets. The sovereign has long bowed to the opinion of the Duke George of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, so that in our infantry, like the Prussian one, the German cleaver — a bayonet — was adopted instead of our beautiful three-edged bayonet ... and that the shooting was done without a sided bayonet. .. All the minutes of the meeting, with the application of separate notes, were presented by me to the sovereign, who, upon reviewing them, made a decision, ordering to introduce new bayonets — headers and firing without closed bayonets only in rifle battalions and in the guard; in the whole army leave as before. Thus, there is a new complication, a new variegation; again the lack of unity and uniformity, so important in the organization and formation of troops. Nevertheless, this decision is still preferred to the one whom he feared and to which the sovereign was noticeably inclined so far. ”


A bayonet, sharpened on a plane, and a regular rifle screwdriver (for example, the system “Berdan №2”). Considering that such a bayonet is designed to loosen the screws is unwise. If you try to do this, the point of the bayonet will be ruined and most likely the unscrewing will receive a serious injury with a jumped bayonet.


Turkestan soldier in winter uniform. 1873 d. A soldier in the hands of an 6 linear rifle arr. 1869 g. ("Krnka system") with a bayonet attached


Thus, for the sake of Germanophiles in Russia, the Prussian cleaver drove out the Russian bayonet, contrary to all common sense and the opinion of qualified specialists. But ... in fact, except for experiments and experiments, it did not work. And the needle tetrahedral bayonet remained in its place.

Grivitsky Redoubt Capture Under Plevna, Russian-Turkish War, 1877. Fragments of hand-to-hand combat and bayonets are visible in the picture


Shooting shooting lower ranks of the 280 Infantry Sursk regiment in gas masks. 3-linear rifles arr. 1891 G. with attached bayonets. 1916, the First World War. 1914 — 1918


Soon the Russian-Turkish war broke out (1877-1878). The army of the Russian Empire for the first time entered into such large-scale hostilities with high-speed breech weapons. When the main apartment of the Russian army consisted of an American military agent engineer-lieutenant F.V. Green, who collected data in the interests of the US Government. He was instructed to collect materials on the effectiveness of the use of sabers and bayonets in combat. This was due to the fact that the Americans wanted to abandon both, but were afraid to make a mistake. After receiving the prescription, Green conducted a mass of conversations about the bayonet with Russian officers, and among them met only "hot defenders of this type of weapon." In his report, the lieutenant completely denies the opinion of the American command about the impossibility of a bayonet battle in terms of the use of rapid-fire weapons and notes the opposite, that during the campaign very often, melee combat would decide the outcome of the battle. He described the tactics of attacking with chains, when chains move, using shelters of the terrain, the first chain suffers greatly, and numerous subsequent ones break into the trenches or, as they were called then, rifters. And then the enemy either runs, or gives up, or a quick hand-to-hand fight begins.

The moment of bayonet fighting at competitions in the Central Park of Culture and Rest. Gorky. Moscow, 1942


A Bulgarian soldier armed with a Russian 3-line infantry rifle, model XXUMX, converted to a manlichera cartridge, model 1891, with a bayonet attached. An Austrian-style steel bayonet is visible on the belt. World War I. 1893-1914


As the American notes, usually the Turks fled or surrendered. But it was not always so. In 1877, in the September battle of Lovce, the Turkish redoubts were surrounded, the Turks refused to surrender, during the attack all the defenders (about 200 people) were split by Russian bayonets. In September, a detachment of General Skobelev attacked two Turkish redoubts and riflemen south of Pleven, from which the Turks were able to knock out only with bayonets. The fortifications on the right flank of Gorniy Dubnyak during the October battles were also misled. 1878, the January battles at Sheinovo, the attack on the fortified Turkish positions ended in hand-to-hand fighting, after 3 the minutes from its beginning the Turks surrendered. Under Filippo-lem, the guardsmen captured 24 Turkish guns, and a hand-to-hand fight ensued, in which Turkish soldiers and officers were wounded by 150 bayonets. The bayonet worked always and worked perfectly.

The 1 January battle of 1878 at the Mountain Bogrov is very significant. Russian units defended, the Turks attacked. The fire on the Turks was opened from a distance of 40 yards (approximately 40 m), the Turks suffered serious losses, some of the survivors rushed back, and some - in the Russian fortifications, where it was slaughtered. On examination of the corpses, it turned out that some of them had pierced skulls with rifle butts. This fact was explained as follows: the soldiers there were recruits; if they were more experienced, they would work with bayonets.

The Austrian reworking of the bayonet for the 4,2-linear infantry rifle obn.1870 g. (“System Berdan №2) for the rifle o6jj.1895 g. (“ System Manlisher ”). The blade is attached to the handle of the bayonet knife rev.1895, the First World Warrior. 1914-1918


The bayonet to the 4,2-linear infantry rifle obn.1870, in the Austrian steel sheath. World War I. 1914-1918


Bayonets to the three-line rifle in the service of foreign armies in the sheath. From bottom to top: Austrian, German, German ersatz, Finnish, Romanian scabbard


Green comes to one very important conclusion: during a short-handed hand-to-hand fight, only those with attached bayonets are victorious. It is impossible to reload weapons during such a battle. According to Green's estimates, on 90 thousand killed in that war, 1 thousand died from the bayonet. And there is no better weapon for hand-to-hand combat than a bayonet.

Here it is time to recall one more interesting feature of the Russian bayonet, its sharpening. Very often it is called screwdriver. And even very serious authors write about the double purpose of the bayonet, they say, they can both stab the enemy and unscrew the screw. This, of course, is nonsense.

For the first time, the sharpening of the blade of a bayonet was not on the point, but on a plane similar to a screwdriver's tip, appeared on newly manufactured bayonets to the Russian rapid-fire 6-linear rifle mod. 1869 g. ("System Krnka") and tetrahedral bayonets to the infantry 4,2-linear rifle mod. 1870 g. (“System Berdan №2”). Why was she needed? Clearly do not unscrew the screws. The fact is that the bayonet must not only be “thrust” into the enemy, but also quickly extracted from it. If the bayonet sharpened to the point pierced the bone, then it was difficult to extract it, and the bayonet, sharpened on the plane, as if bypassing the bone, without getting stuck in it.

By the way, another curious story is connected with the position of the bayonet relative to the trunk. After the Berlin Congress 1878, when withdrawing its army from the Balkans, the Russian Empire presented the young Bulgarian army with over 280 thousand 6-linear rapid-fire rifles mod. 1869 G. "systems Krnka" mainly with bayonets arr. 1856 g. But it was transferred along with a lot of rifles and bayonets to rifled guns arr. 1854 G. and to earlier smoothbore. These bayonets were normally attached to the “Krnki”, but the blade of the bayonet was not located to the right, as expected, but to the left of the trunk. It was possible to use such a rifle, but accurate shooting at the same time from it without exchanging a shot was impossible. And besides, this position of the bayonet did not reduce the derivation. The reasons for this incorrect placement were different slots on the tubes, which determine the method of fastening the bayonet: arr. 1856 was fixed on the front sight, and bayonets to 1854 systems and earlier were fixed on the under-barrel "bayonet rear sight."

Ordinary 13 of the Belozersky infantry regiment in combat form with full marching equipment and a rifle of the “Berdan system №2” with a closed whip. 1882


Private Sophia Infantry Regiment with a muzzle-loading rifle arr. 1856, with a closed triangular bayonet and clerk of the divisional headquarters (in full dress). 1862


And so the years passed, and the epoch of the shop weapon came. The Russian 3 linear rifle already had a shorter bayonet. The overall length of the rifle and bayonet was less than that of previous systems. The reason for this was the changed requirements for the total length of the weapon; now the total length of the rifle with a bayonet should have been above the eyes of a soldier of medium height.

The bayonet still remained close to the rifle, it was thought that the soldier should shoot accurately, and when the bayonet was attached to the rifle, shot without him, the aiming point changed. That at very close distances is unimportant, and at distances around 400 steps, it was already impossible to hit the target.

The Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905) showed a new battle tactic, and with surprise it was noticed that by the time of the melee the Japanese soldiers had time to attach the blade bayonets to their Arisaks.

Soviet bayonets at the beginning of World War II. Top down:
bayonet to 3-linear rifle arr. 1891 g., Bayonet to the 3-linear rifle arr. 1891 / 30 g., Bayonet to ABC-36, bayonet to SVT-38, two types of bayonets to CBT-40


Bayonets in the sheath. Top down: bayonet to CBT-40, bayonet to SVT-38, bayonet to ABC-36


Despite the changed situation, the bayonet remained popular and in demand. Moreover, officers with their lower ranks were taking from a dead and wounded rifle with a closed bayonet, being more confident in the bayonet than in his sword.

As time went on, the question of replacing the bayonet with a cleaver was not forgotten. As before, the main task in solving it was the problem of shooting with and without a bayonet.

The sided bayonet bayonets did not allow accurate shooting, therefore it was possible to open fire with a sided bayonet only as an exception. With needle-faced bayonets, where the neck rejects the blade at some distance from the axis of the bore, shooting is not a problem.

Arguments of supporters of one or another point of view on bayonets were very consistent. Supporters of the bayonets of the hawks pointed to the development of handguns: with an increase in the range, the beginning of the battle was tied at sufficiently long distances, which eliminated the need for melee fights. The retreat of one or the other side occurs under the action of only fire contact, bayonet battles in modern wars are encountered less and less, and the number of wounded and killed with knives is reduced. At the same time, the needle bayonet, always attached to the rifle, still, albeit slightly, affects the shooting accuracy. Its weight, applied to the muzzle part far from the fulcrum of the rifle, is tedious by the arrow. This was especially considered important when a soldier enters a battle already weary. Further, it was stated that the needle bayonet, except for the attack, is useless in all cases of combat and field life, with a bayonet-knife, it replaces the lower ranks of the knife, is used when chopping firewood, setting up tents, etc. The requirements of instantaneous abutment of an open-cutter, according to its propagandists, were fulfilled, since the procedure itself is simple and does not require much time. If necessary: ​​at posts, on guard, in secrets, etc. heaths bayonets should be attached. If a soldier needs to leave somewhere without a rifle, he will always be armed with a cleaver. Constantly closed bayonet makes the rifle longer, the bayonet in the forest clings to the branches, making it difficult to carry a rifle across the shoulder on the running belt. A bayonet, hanging on the belt, avoids these difficulties.

The poster shows a fighter with a SVT-40 rifle with a bayonet attached, attacking


The question of replacing the needle bayonet was considered in great detail in the Russian army and at the beginning of the 20th century, and what is very important - the arguments for it significantly outweighed the arguments set forth above against.

So what was said in defense of the constantly closed needle bayonet? To meet all the conditions of the battle, it is necessary for the infantry to be armed with such weapons, which would allow the enemy to be attacked both from afar and in battle "chest with chest." So that an infantryman would be ready to act with both firearms and edged weapons at every minute of the battle. The adjoining of bayonets before an attack presents significant difficulties, the battle conditions are so varied that it is impossible to determine in advance the moments in which troops must have bayonets attached. The need for a bayonet in battles can come suddenly, at a time when hand-to-hand combat is not expected.

Reserves for the front: In classes for practicing methods of bayonet combat. Central Asian Military District, 1943


The adjacency of the hacks when approaching the enemy entails the most adverse consequences: in this period of the battle, people are in such an excited state that they may not at all join the bayonet. In addition, for adjoining the bayonet in battle, not as little time is required as it may seem. Experience has shown that in order to remove and attach a bayonet, it will take time, corresponding to at least 5 - 6 shots. At a time when the lower ranks will abut bayonets, the fire should significantly weaken, and this can have dire consequences. In this case, the closer to the enemy will be the junction of the bayonet, the more fussy and slower it will be executed.

Thus, our rifle with a constantly closed bayonet fully satisfies all the conditions for firearms and hand-to-hand combat.

Mentioned harmful effects of the weight of the bayonet on the results of shooting are insignificant. In combat, it rarely happens that it is accurate to shoot while standing without shelter, in most cases shooting is lying, and there is always the possibility of putting the gun on a support or resting the elbow on the ground. As for the impact of the bayonet on the accuracy of shooting, then, firstly, the bayonet attached to the right reduces the derivation, and secondly, in our rifle system, the bayonet affects the accuracy of the fight. With a properly attached bayonet, the radius of the circle containing all the bullets is less. This phenomenon is explained by the fact that when firing with a bayonet from our rifle (with the adopted barrel length, weight of parts and charge, etc.), the jerking of the barrel muzzle is smaller, and the bullet gets a more uniform direction.

The decision taken in the Western European armies, to shoot without a bayonet and adjoin it only when approaching the enemy on the 300 - 400 steps, slightly contributes to less fatigue of the shooter, but on the other hand, the accuracy of the system loses. Shooting from a rifle without a bayonet, adjusted with a bayonet, without moving the front sight gives such results that with a distance of 400 steps you can no longer be expected to have a shooting mark.

The needle bayonet gave more dangerous non-healing wounds, ensured better penetration of thick clothing.

The decision taken in the Russian army - to fire at all distances with a bayonet attached, with which the rifle targets, is the most correct one.

Years passed, August came 1914. Russia entered the First World War. New types of weapons did not reduce the relevance of the bayonet. Russian bayonet ceased to be only Russian.

Trophy Russian 3-linear rifles arr. 1891 (the “Mosin system”) was massively used by Germany and Austria-Hungary. In Austria-Hungary, both trophy and ersatz bayonets of Austrian production of excellent quality were used with them. They differed from the original only in the slot in the tube, which the “Austrians” had straightforward. The sheath for the original and ersatz-bayonets were iron with characteristic hooks for the Austrian sheath. The German sheath for bayonets for the Mosin 3-linear “rifle” could be of two types: iron, similar to Austrian, but with the drop-shaped hook shape characteristic of the “Germans”, and galvanized tin ersatz.

Suzdal Infantry Regiment in the vanguard of the Danube army. Forced movement to Adrianople. 1878 d. At the lower ranks of the rifle systems Krnka and Berdan №2 with attached bayonets


The lower ranks of the 64 Infantry Regiment of Kazan. Halt during the march from Baba Eski to Adrianople. 1878 d. In the foreground the rifle of the Berdan system No.2 with fixed bayonets mounted in goats


Repulsed assault on the fortress Bayazet 8 June 1877 g. The Russian soldiers defending the fortress, high-speed needle-rifle arr. 1867 g. ("Carle system") with attached bayonets


In the Austro-Hungarian army during the First World War were captured and captured Russian rifles "system Berdan №2." Leather and iron sheaths were made for their bayonets. A certain number of bayonets for the “Berdan rifle No. XXUMX” were converted into bayonets for the rifle arr. 2, the “Mannicher system”, by welding the handle of a Manlichera bayonet to the blade.

The Bulgarian army from 1882 to 1913 received from Russia about 180 thousand infantry rifles "Berdan system No. XXUMX" and 2 thousand dragoon rifles of the same system. All of them were equipped with infantry and dragoon bayonets. The Bulgarian army also was in service around 3 thousand Russian 66 linear rifles "Mosin system", which in 3-1912. were delivered from Russia. In 1913, Austria-Hungary handed over to Bulgaria allied aid -1917 thousand rifles of the “Mosin system”, converted to the patron of Mannicher arr. 10. Bayonets for them were in metal Austrian and German sheath.

The war ended, the Russian bayonet proved to be excellent. But his time was irretrievably gone. The battle conditions were changing, a new automatic weapon appeared. And for the first time massively already in the Red Army the bayonet came in 1936, it was a bayonet to the Simonov automatic rifle arr. 1936 g. Soon new self-loading rifles of Tokarev SVT-38 and SVT-40 are beginning to come into service. Only at that historical stage and only with the use of fast-firing, quickly rechargeable rifles, with the extensive use of automatic weapon fire, the needle-bayonet surrendered.

Lifeguard Moscow Regiment attacks Turkish positions under Arab-Konak


And to be our army with a new rifle and a new bayonet, if not for the war. June 1941, a powerful blow to the German army, inability to take decisive action and outright sabotage of the military leadership of the Soviet Union allowed the Germans to capture a significant part of our country as soon as possible. The production of the “trilinear” was forced, the bayonet was still needle-like, but modifications of 1930 were already. In 1944, the new 3-linear carbine was adopted, it also had a needle bayonet, but of a different design. The bayonet was fixed on the carbine and reclined forward if necessary. The last needle-bayonet in the history of the Soviet army was a bayonet to the Simonov self-loading carbine arr. 1945. Soon after the start of production, the needle bayonet to it was replaced with a knife-like one. From that moment on, the old needle-shaped bayonets in the USSR and Russia have not returned.

Bayonet attack of the Red Army


Training Leningrad militia in bayonet attack techniques


Soviet girls-servicemen on the firing line. The girls are armed with Mosin 7,62-mm rifles with sided four-sided needle-bayonets and XPSUM-mm PPSH-7,62 submachine gun


Military parade on Red Square. The photo shows servicemen with Tokarev self-loading rifles of the 1940 model of the CВТ-40 in the “shoulder” position. Rifles are joined with blade monocot bayonets. Behind the soldiers is the knapsack gear of the 1936 model of the year, on the side are small infantry shovels


The cadets of the school of Soviet snipers on practical exercises. The photo draws attention to the fact that almost all future snipers are trained to shoot with fixed bayonets, and sniper sights are installed only on SVT-40


Preparation of the Red Army fighters in hand-to-hand combat shortly before the outbreak of war
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  1. avt
    avt 30 September 2013 08: 57 New
    34
    good Interesting . By the way, one of the conditions for admitting the USSR to the “Olympic family” and participating in the games was the cancellation of the all-Union, official competition in bayonet fighting.
    1. Apollo
      Apollo 30 September 2013 09: 18 New
      46
      No comments
      1. OffenroR
        OffenroR 1 October 2013 01: 39 New
        +5
        Another historical fact: No one could withstand the bayonet attack of the Prussian grenadiers .... but here the Russians go out on the field ...... and then ... "The Russian needs to be killed twice, and then another push to make it fall" .
    2. Gladiatir-zlo
      Gladiatir-zlo 30 September 2013 22: 06 New
      +1
      Well, so did the popes of the current Tolerasts of America did not open, but under various pretexts they ruled out our, sometimes victorious, advantages.
  2. svp67
    svp67 30 September 2013 09: 21 New
    31
    To train, not just train, but to cultivate a “bayonet battle” and, in general, “hand-to-hand combat”, is necessary, in this way the confidence of a soldier, any kind of troops in his forces and the soldier’s survival in battles in cramped conditions is raised ...
    1. DDA
      DDA 30 September 2013 09: 55 New
      16
      You are a plus. I will add that in addition to the bayonet-knife (not a very high-quality craft), a soldier must have a normal knife for combat and for everyday life, of course, a soldier must be trained in knife fighting. And the first and second world war showed that in those armies where the soldiers had no statutory knives, but it was necessary to fight in the trenches and melee, they either killed them themselves or confiscated them in butcher shops, etc. Only then did the military departments, after convincing requests from the front, begin the development of combat pressure for the army. The first were the French, and then the Germans and British Americans copied the battle blade from the British.
      1. redwolf_13
        redwolf_13 30 September 2013 11: 28 New
        +7
        Immediately I recall the "trench knife" a terrible thing in the hands of an experienced fighter. Yes, I completely forgot from the stories of the trench war when the amers used shotguns with a moving forearm and the Germans began to yell at the whole world about barbaric weapons and demand that they be banned. But it happened already before the collapse of the Kaiser army and who will listen to the defeated
      2. Mikhail3
        Mikhail3 30 September 2013 16: 34 New
        +3
        Well yes. Desperate attempts to "improve" the bayonet were mainly based on the fact that the bayonet could be used for other purposes. It turned out naturally - either a bayonet or a knife. A universal tool is one that does a lot of things ... equally bad.
        1. Black Colonel
          Black Colonel 1 October 2013 11: 46 New
          +1
          Well, I don’t know that the bayonet-knife did poorly there (by itself, it can’t do anything - a piece of iron), but during an emergency, at the right time with it, I sawed a chain with a bar diameter of 12 mm without a vise. I was delighted with such universality.
    2. xan
      xan 30 September 2013 16: 18 New
      +6
      Quote: svp67
      To train, not just train, but to cultivate a “bayonet battle” and, in general, “hand-to-hand combat”, is necessary, in this way the confidence of a soldier, any kind of troops in his forces and the soldier’s survival in battles in cramped conditions is raised ...

      increases the psychological readiness of a soldier to kill. It is very important.
      I read somewhere that in the US Civil War, dead soldiers armed with old smoothbore guns found several loaded and never fired bullets in their trunks. Psychologically poorly trained soldiers in combat experienced shock and impaired consciousness.
  3. Shkodnik65
    Shkodnik65 30 September 2013 09: 32 New
    21
    Listen up! The usual bayonet, but how many nuances. He served in the army for 27 years and never thought about the history of this type of weapon. Thanks to the author and plus!
  4. Trapperxnumx
    Trapperxnumx 30 September 2013 10: 04 New
    11
    and overt sabotage of the military leadership of the Soviet Union

    And here in this place please in more detail.
    1. Poppy
      Poppy 30 September 2013 15: 09 New
      +2
      read for example the book "who overslept 22 of June"
      1. chehywed
        chehywed 30 September 2013 15: 24 New
        0
        Quote: Poppy
        read for example the book "who overslept 22 of June"

        Unlike V. Suvorov and A. Isaev, some amateur historians (A. Martirosyan, Yu. Mukhin, S. Milchakov, O. Kozinkin) try to offer another explanation for the tragedy of the summer of 1941, in which everything was done correctly, but it did not work out without betrayal and wrecking. In 2011, a book was published by O. Kozinkin, “Who overslept the beginning of the war?” With a description of the version of this version. However, her careful reading shows that the proposed “other explanation” is completely untenable. And replete with a mass of errors of various kinds.
        http://zhistory.org.ua/haltura1.htm
        1. Kir
          Kir 30 September 2013 15: 34 New
          +2
          But you are not embarrassed that all the right historians from the people who supposedly gave us God, something in their truthfulness Do not believe it !!! first they’ll get into the archives of the koi partially soprut, and partly become extinct and then they broadcast about the “real history”.
        2. Djozz
          Djozz 30 September 2013 15: 58 New
          +9
          By putting V. Suvorov (Rezun) together with A. Isaev, you insulted A. Isaev, who blasted Rezun with nonsense!
          1. chehywed
            chehywed 30 September 2013 16: 10 New
            +1
            Djozz, well, firstly I didn’t put them together (see the link to the site) and they are most likely mentioned here as antipodes, and secondly, the keywords are “amateur historians” ie about O. Kozinkina and Co.
            1. Djozz
              Djozz 30 September 2013 16: 19 New
              0
              Accepted!
            2. avt
              avt 30 September 2013 16: 23 New
              +6
              Quote: chehywed
              Unlike V. Suvorov and A. Isaev, some amateur historians

              Quote: chehywed
              I didn’t put them together (see the link to the site) and they are mentioned here most likely as antipodes,

              Rezun is a historian! ??? request Even near as an antipode to Isaev did not stand !!! Isaev even tries and reinforces his position with concrete archival material, unlike the bastard of the rezun, sucking his phrases from his own anal, because he always exposes himself as a great analyst.
              1. chehywed
                chehywed 30 September 2013 19: 49 New
                0
                Quote: avt
                Even near as an antipode to Isaev did not stand !!!

                avt, the antipode and should not stand nearby, as it is the antipode. Opposite or opposing !!!
                Quote: avt
                Rezun is a historian! ???

                Crazy dog ​​ceases to be a dog? Is the pseudo-historian not a historian? I also hate him. You read it ... uh, so to speak ... "works", and compared it with the original newspaper articles or the memoirs to which he refers? He has a favorite trick: to remove a phrase or part of a sentence from the context and interpret it in his favor. What am I asking ?! Judging by your comments, you are well acquainted with this technique. wink Sapienti sat
                PS Dovmont, buddy ... take care of your eyesight. smile
              2. zub46
                zub46 30 September 2013 23: 13 New
                0
                Brothers, Rezun- “Suvorov” by and large, the agro-nominee prize must be given a long time ago. Or an order. For the fact that his writings about the "indestructible and legendary" caught a great fear of the adversary. We ourselves did not know such horror about what he justified and described. Re-read at least Aquarium. In addition to jokes, I guarantee that you agree with my proposal. Batman and others are super to us, as follows from the works of V. Rezun, far. Do not scold him for this.
                1. Trapperxnumx
                  Trapperxnumx 1 October 2013 15: 43 New
                  +1
                  Quote: zub46
                  Brothers, Rezun- “Suvorov” by and large, the agro-nominee prize must be given a long time ago. Or an order. For the fact that his writings about the "indestructible and legendary" caught a great fear of the adversary. We ourselves did not know such horror about what he justified and described. Re-read at least Aquarium. In addition to jokes, I guarantee that you agree with my proposal. Batman and others are super to us, as follows from the works of V. Rezun, far. Do not scold him for this.

                  No, not only for that. Some very interesting things slip through him, for example, about the lack of winter fuel, lubrication and uniform for the Wehrmacht, and some other things. And then the official story told us only "Stalin was warned and he did not heed." It was from his books that it became clear to me why he did not heed. So something interesting is slipping through him too.
              3. nightingale
                nightingale 30 September 2013 23: 24 New
                0
                What do you want 30 silver coins all the same it was necessary to work out
              4. OffenroR
                OffenroR 1 October 2013 01: 49 New
                +1
                You know .... in Rezun’s works there is a certain amount of unpleasant truth ... but sadly what uses her he to the detriment of his people, defiling his story.
        3. OPTR
          OPTR 30 September 2013 21: 43 New
          +1
          Amateur historians who is this? Amateurs or just people without diplomas about graduating from the history department? Is a diploma or research result important?
          The very use of the term is already talking about something.
          However her careful reading
          I ran the text on the link. I doubt that the stated reading was really attentive.
          Kozinkin was sorted out in this way (to assess the reliability, a lot needs to be studied). But the author of the analysis himself makes mistakes, alas.
          What about Martirosyan and Mukhin? By the way, besides the "amateur historian" Martirosyan, who else, a farmer, manager or ...?
          Yes, everything needs to be read critically. But the question is very difficult to do so, with the blunder.
          1. chehywed
            chehywed 30 September 2013 22: 59 New
            0
            Quote: OPTR
            Amateur historians who is this? Amateurs or just people without diplomas about graduating from the history department? Is a diploma or a research result important? The very use of the term already says something.

            OPTR, in case of illness, do you go to a certified doctor or to a charlatan convincing you that your healing is impossible without taking a tablespoon of goose feces orally three times a day? We are outraged that actors and boxers, and not economists and lawyers, make laws in the Duma. So why can anyone who is not too lazy to act with History the way they please? And to pour his fabrications (which is typical - not free) on the TV screen, on the Internet, into books. The film by Mukhin “Katyn meanness” left a strong impression, besides, the ECHR declared the charges against the USSR fake. But this is only an exception confirming the rule :The trouble is, since the shoemaker will start the pies, and the boots will stitch the pie.
    2. Dovmont
      Dovmont 30 September 2013 19: 24 New
      +1
      Yes, to me this phrase cut the same eye!
  5. pinecone
    pinecone 30 September 2013 10: 05 New
    +7
    A very comprehensive, informative and beautifully illustrated article. Many thanks to the authors.
  6. Vasia kruger
    Vasia kruger 30 September 2013 10: 10 New
    +5
    Thank you for the article! I never thought about derivation, I discovered a lot of new things!
  7. AK-47
    AK-47 30 September 2013 10: 18 New
    +7
    A beautiful weapon is a bayonet, but cruel.
    1. svp67
      svp67 30 September 2013 13: 42 New
      +7
      Quote: AK-47
      A beautiful weapon is a bayonet, but cruel.
      But war is generally a "cruel business ..."
    2. nnz226
      nnz226 30 September 2013 13: 56 New
      14
      As one Western historian wrote: (approximate retelling) "Russian infantry in an attack could be stopped by artillery or machine-gun fire and repulse the attack, but if it came to hand-to-hand combat (that is, the infantry went to the adversary), then no army in the world could stand it and fled from the Russians. " And in melee - a bayonet - almost the main weapon. True, small sapper blades and knives also went well ...
      1. xan
        xan 30 September 2013 16: 25 New
        12
        Quote: nnz226
        the Russian infantry in the attack could be stopped by artillery or machine gun fire and repel the attack, but if it came to hand-to-hand fighting (that is, the infantry reached the adversary), then no army in the world could stand this and fled from the Russians "

        about the prospect of meeting with Russians in hand-to-hand fighting is best, and most importantly briefly, it is written in “The Good Soldier Schweik” - “the first time he crap, when the Russians yelled their“ cheers ”
      2. Ivan Pavlov
        Ivan Pavlov 1 October 2013 16: 52 New
        0
        and yet the "sapper shovel" is wrong, the infantry shovel.
  8. cosmos111
    cosmos111 30 September 2013 10: 25 New
    +3
    Article +, learned a lot.
    How strong, the Russians were in a bayonet battle, no one else in the world.
    1. Djozz
      Djozz 30 September 2013 16: 01 New
      +3
      In fact, the Russians learned bayonet fighting from the Swedes in the era of the Peter Wars! And the students surpassed their teachers.
      1. Hort
        Hort 1 October 2013 08: 22 New
        +1
        Well, before Peter, in principle, there were pikemen and archers with berdysh. Too good for a foe too
    2. Mikhail3
      Mikhail3 30 September 2013 16: 37 New
      +1
      The Finns were very good. Not like us ... but good.
  9. ramin_serg
    ramin_serg 30 September 2013 10: 36 New
    +9
    Nowadays, bayonet attacks do not lead, but the ability to engage in hand-to-hand combat using a bayonet both separately and in an attached form saved quite a few soldiers.
  10. Misantrop
    Misantrop 30 September 2013 10: 39 New
    13
    Quote: AK-47
    A beautiful weapon is a bayonet, but cruel.
    Well, yes, not without it. The sight of an attacking adversary with attached bayonets historically causes severe diarrhea in an enlightened European laughing
  11. omsbon
    omsbon 30 September 2013 10: 40 New
    13
    Hitting a Russian bayonet is an “honorable" duty for the enemies of Russia!
    1. Alex
      Alex 25 January 2014 16: 47 New
      +2
      Quote: omsbon
      Hitting a Russian bayonet is an “honorable" duty for the enemies of Russia!
      Well, still Leonid Utesov sang about Baron von der Pschika ...

      Baron von der Pschik
      I forgot about the Russian bayonet,
      A bayonet to beat the barons is not weaned.
      And the brave von der Pschik
      Hit the Russian bayonet
      Not Russian, but German came out shpig!
      drinks
  12. Nayhas
    Nayhas 30 September 2013 10: 45 New
    23
    Currently, many are quite critical of the bayonet, they say in modern combat, he has no place. On the one hand, this is true, but the bayonet has one more specific feature that can not be replaced with anything. Psychological. In the 90s, civilians were often used to seize weapons and disarm military personnel. The soldier couldn’t open fire on the women who clutched at the weapon, because I understood that God forbid he will kill or injure him Khan. When the bayonet was fastened, there was no one who wanted to grab the gun by the barrel, any person is afraid of sharp objects at a subconscious level, the sight of the bayonet tip cools the hot heads of the guttural housewives and negates the desire to wave their hands in front of the soldier’s nose and, all the more, clutch at the weapon ...
  13. Roman_999
    Roman_999 30 September 2013 10: 51 New
    +8
    Do not forget about the sapper shovel, not a bayonet, of course, but according to the destructive force, and most importantly the psychological impact in close combat, there is no doubt a strong and deadly dangerous weapon.
    1. sub307
      sub307 30 September 2013 11: 26 New
      +3
      Anything can be, and sometimes you must not forget, only the article is called "Russian bayonet".
    2. redwolf_13
      redwolf_13 30 September 2013 11: 37 New
      +7
      Sapper shoulder blade? What is it if BSL-110 then yes it will move on the head the enemy will not rise but it is heavy and long wink
      Or did you mean the MPL (small infantry shovel) then yes the thing is beautiful. It is advisable to find a sample of 43 years in a warehouse. She can still chop branches (metal holds a fine sharpener for a long time)
      1. Mikhail3
        Mikhail3 30 September 2013 16: 42 New
        +2
        Someone "neutralized" the MPL. By radical refinement of the handle. What arguments were given - I can’t imagine. Or maybe they made a quiet glanders ... The 43 sample of the year will not break (it doesn’t matter whether it is hard metal or soft. It’s even better to be soft, it can be sharpened even on a stone) and a modern blade will fly apart at the first blow.
    3. Djozz
      Djozz 30 September 2013 16: 05 New
      0
      What kind of sapper shovel is this? Probably about a small infantry shovel.
    4. Assistant
      Assistant 1 October 2013 22: 05 New
      +1
      Do not forget about the sapper shovel, not a bayonet of course ...


      You see, the fact that the bayonet is mounted on a rifle allows you to use the rifle as a dive: keep the enemy away from you, intercept the enemy’s cold weapons so that the enemy cannot reach them. And considering that the three-ruler had an English neck of the butt and forend that could be rolled into the hands, with a flick of the fingers it was possible to redirect the injection very quickly to another place without losing the force of the blow.
  14. Taoist
    Taoist 30 September 2013 10: 58 New
    13
    By the way, partly now, too, hand-to-hand combat using AK is also a thing of the past. Old AKs and AKMs with their steel shops, powerful steel-butted butts themselves were a good weapon in hand-to-hand combat. "Hit with a bayonet! Hit with a store! Hit with a butt!" (c) - teams in hand-to-hand combat classes in our school ... You can’t wave so much with modern plastic ... You wave it most likely you won’t be able to shoot.
    1. erg
      erg 30 September 2013 11: 53 New
      +9
      Nothing happens to them. When I served in the army, for the sake of the experiment, we tested the buttstock for strength (we had an AK-74 in a sergeant’s training with a platik butt, but it didn’t fold), we hit the butt vertically on asphalt with all the dope, so the machine recharged by inertia, and nothing , did not break. not cracking, the weapon worked as it should.
      1. Djozz
        Djozz 30 September 2013 16: 07 New
        +2
        The SKS carbine has a stock butt.
  15. Witch
    Witch 30 September 2013 11: 19 New
    +2
    Thank. I learned a lot.
  16. erg
    erg 30 September 2013 11: 58 New
    +6
    The author did not mention yet another Russian bayonet adopted for the Fedorov assault rifle and consisting of an experimental company armed with this assault rifle in the First World War. This bayonet was created on the basis of the Caucasian dagger. Actually the blade, like a dagger, and the handle is adapted for mounting to weapons. The soldiers seemed to like it, but remained in an experimental form.
  17. Uhe
    Uhe 30 September 2013 12: 45 New
    +4
    After the betrayal of Gorbatov by our best ally of the GDR, the Germans had many AK-74 bayonet-knives in their warehouses. The Germans designed their G36 assault rifle taking into account the installation of our bayonet-knife :) On the one hand, savings, and on the other - recognition of the quality of this product.
    1. Hort
      Hort 1 October 2013 08: 25 New
      0
      Kalash bayonet - a quality product ?! Well, except to have a snack on the wire ...
      1. Marek Rozny
        Marek Rozny 1 October 2013 22: 35 New
        0
        The bayonet knives from the AK of the first sample are of high quality. But then they began to make some fragile ones. I broke two bayonet-knives from the AK-74.
        But from AK bayonet-knife - good. I use no-no in nature (more for entourage, kanesh), sometimes I use it hard, but it looks like new.
        Z.Y. By the way, the first bayonet-knives from AK were designed by Simonov, if I'm not mistaken.
  18. Drosselmeyer
    Drosselmeyer 30 September 2013 13: 02 New
    +6
    All the same, for all the horrors of modern warfare, you must have steel eggs to attack the bayonet against the bayonet.
    1. xan
      xan 30 September 2013 16: 32 New
      +5
      Quote: Drosselmeyer
      All the same, for all the horrors of modern warfare, you must have steel eggs to attack the bayonet against the bayonet.

      count what kind of soldiers the empire had
      and what men in Russia
  19. chehywed
    chehywed 30 September 2013 13: 21 New
    16
    Included in the memory is a description of hand-to-hand combat from Victor Kurochkin's book Iron Rain (Twelve Feats of a Soldier).

    “The SS men ... The end is ours,” breathed Sokratilin, and suddenly some unknown force threw him out of the trench.
    Sokratilin fled with a raised carbine and shouted "Hurray," poorly understanding what he was doing and whether it made sense. The SS man was walking at him, holding the machine gun like a stick. Bogdan managed to shoot. The German grabbed his stomach, sat down and shook his head. Socratilin hit him with a rifle butt. And at that very moment it seemed to him that lightning had struck him.
    Levtsov jumped out with an anti-tank grenade, waving it like a mace. The soldier he threw himself set his hands in horror. Levtsov hit him on the head. The German spun around. Levtsov swung again and dropped a grenade: he was grabbed by the throat from behind. He tried to unclench someone’s hands, but he was knocked down, piled up, breathed in his face with such a strong wine fume that Levtsov was sick.
    The younger political instructor, Kolbasko, shot two of them from a gun at point blank range. And fell, drenched in blood - he was stabbed in the throat with a knife. Melee was already on the entire line of defense. Both Germans and Russians fought with the fury of the doomed. Reason seemed to leave these people. Deaf blows, swearing, the moan of the wounded, the wheezing of the dying - all mixed up. They beat them with rifle butts, fists, strangled them, pricked with bayonets, knives — they killed with everything they could kill. The blood became damp, and the smell of it inflamed the soldier even more. A literature teacher, grabbed the rifle with both hands and holding it above his head, rushed to the non-commissioned building with a cross. Unther dodged and hit Popov in the face with a blow. Popov grabbed his glasses and, having received a second blow to the back of his head, fell as if he had been cut. Kostomarov-Zubrilin, like a butcher splattered with blood, worked with the butt of a German who was knocked down from his feet. He no longer moved, but he beat, beat and beat. Tatarin Kugushev, before rushing to the dump, attached a bayonet to the rifle. Then he chose the victim, by all the rules of the bayonet attack, attacked her and destroyed it. He stabbed two, and on the third he stumbled. The bayonet was stuck in the bones of a thin, skinny SS man, and he could not immediately pull it out. Kugushev put his foot on the German’s chest, but did not manage to pull out the bayonet. A stab in the back dumped him at the feet of the corporal who he had killed. The short-necked machine gunner was operating with his fists alone. Someone hit him hard in the stomach like a hammer. But he still managed to straighten up. He grabbed the German soldier by the throat, and they collapsed to the ground, rolled. Someone hit the machine gunner with a heel in the teeth. Her lips swelled instantly, blood gushing from her mouth. He spat out blood and cursed.
    - Bastards! Oh you bastards! - tore the enemy's throat with his hands, along which warm sticky blood also flowed.
    1. chehywed
      chehywed 30 September 2013 13: 21 New
      11
      Mogilkin was sitting in a trench and was still trying to shoot some Fritz. But when he heard a desperate cry: "Help!" - and saw that a hefty SS man had piled on Levtsov and was choking him, Mogilkina blew out of the gap like a wind. Mogilkin, a chained butt plate of a carbine, banged an SS man on the head. The German rolled up his legs, Mogilkin tapped him again, and the German's hands went limp. Mogilkin was stabbed right in the heart, and he died instantly.
      Sokratilin woke up from a cry: "Help!" The voice was weak and very familiar. Bogdan raised his head, and his eyes rested on German boots with wide legs. Socratilin closed his eyes, held his breath.
      “Are they still fighting?” He thought. “How much time are they fighting? How long, terribly long!”
      However, the battle lasted only five to six minutes. Another minute or two, and not a single person would have remained from the company of the younger political instructor.
      When the Russian “cheers!” Sounded, Sokratilin's heart sank. “Probably my brains turned over from a blow,” he decided. “Where can we get here from?” “But hurray!” Continued to rattle, drowning out all the other sounds. Bogdan raised his head and saw his own. They fled from the fence, their bayonets pushing forward.
      - Ours. How awesome it is! Bogdan whispered, his head spinning with joy, his body went limp, and he again lost consciousness.
      Take another fight like this? It was beyond human strength. And the Germans turned back along the potato field. They were caught up, pricked, beaten with butts, shot in the back. They did not resist.
      1. Snoop
        Snoop 1 October 2013 06: 22 New
        +2
        Kurochkin is a good writer, also a front-line soldier himself. Therefore, he knows what he is writing about. Although he fought a self-propelled gun :) Here's about him:
        Victor Kurochkin was born on December 23, 1923 into a peasant family. He met the Great Patriotic War in Leningrad, during the blockade he worked at a factory manufacturing anti-aircraft shells. In the spring of 1942 he was evacuated to the Yaroslavl region. He entered the Ulyanovsk Tank School, then was transferred to the artillery. Since 1943 at the front. He went through the war from the battle of Kursk to the crossing of the Oder, during which he was seriously wounded on January 31, 1945.
        After the war, in 1949 he graduated from the Leningrad Law School, in 1949-1951. worked as a judge in the village of Utorgosh, Novgorod Region, then as a journalist in the Leningrad newspapers. He studied at the correspondence department of the Literary Institute, which he graduated in 1959. At the first training session in 1954, Kurochkin, having sent his crediting stories, did not appear due to the fact that the Forward newspaper of the city of Pushkin, in which he was working at that time, did not let him go. Among these stories was “Rivals,” which subsequently formed the basis of the film Quarrel in Lukashi. A year later, in the summer of 1955, Kurochkin met his future wife G. Nesterova.
        In 1968, he was severely beaten by the police, suffered a stroke and has since been seriously ill until his death. Victor Konetsky: "Viktor Aleksandrovich Kurochkin was wildly beaten by the police. Pianenky. Stroke. ... In the sixty-ninth year, Viktor Kurochkin suffered a heart attack and stroke. His right arm was paralyzed and speechless, he could not read either."
    2. revnagan
      revnagan 30 September 2013 18: 04 New
      +5
      "Victor listened to the fighters and only bit his lips. Oh, it didn’t happen! Oh, what, in what, and in the bayonet battle he knows a lot: he went out to school alone against three. As a commander, he understood that the era of automatic weapons had come, that with a bayonet the enemy could not be reached, but he saw that there were few machine guns in the division, and not a single one in his platoon — that means the bayonet was still useful, and if so, he patiently taught his fighters hand-to-hand combat techniques.
      And not in vain. The Germans took the oncoming bayonet battle. They didn’t take it before, but here, apparently, they decided to show what they are capable of. The battalion flocked to the battalion. The Germans were hefty, all as a selection. They walked in unbuttoned suits, with rolled up sleeves. On the chest are crosses received for victories in other countries. Victor drew attention to German rifles with flat bayonets and solid boots with short shafts. And his fighters - hungry, tired, in burnt out tunics, on his feet - windings and broken shoes.
      What happened on that rye field! Screams, groans, mate, commands, screams, crunch of bones, clang of iron ... One hefty German in front of Gromov stabbed three of our guys, and threw them with his bayonet through himself. Victor was so furious that, not remembering himself, he rushed at the German. Fortunately, he was pushed back. Victor took a breath and calmed down a little. Gromov knew well that in this state he was not a fighter. When a chill rolled under his spoon, Victor poured blind fury and rushed at the enemy, like a bull on a red rag. It happened in the ring when he missed a good shot. And the opponent at that time avoided his ramming blows and calmly added to the side - as a result, the coach was forced to throw out a towel.
      Meanwhile, the German crumbled everything around him with a butt. Suddenly, a short, nimble fighter grew up next to Victor. A face in blood, a tunic torn, windings dragging along the ground. And crazy eyes and run around.
      - What does, you bastard! What is he doing! Lieutenant, take it, huh?
      - Take it! Can you distract yourself? At least for a moment?
      The fighter nodded and leaped toward the German. He did not immediately notice the little thing, but when he saw it, he decided to chop it like a nut. A wave of the butt - the fighter dodged. Another wave - again by.
      German wound up. He stabbed, chopped, wheezed, yelled, and the soldier danced in front of him, as if teasing and mocking. The German roared with anger and decided to crush the insolent. And then the lieutenant grew before him. All the better, the German decided, and made a sharp attack. The lieutenant calmly repulsed his bayonet with a butt and thrust his own into it by the very fly. It was then that Victor found out what the expression “stranglehold” means: the German grabbed his rifle so tightly by the barrel that Victor could not pull it out.
      But the battle continued. Well, that soldier was spinning nearby and covering the lieutenant. Finally, Victor figured out what to do: he left his rifle, picked up an abandoned German and rushed into the thick of the battle. "
      Boris Sopelnyak. "A soldier nicknamed Rex"
  20. nekromonger
    nekromonger 30 September 2013 13: 37 New
    +4
    I didn’t notice the special quality of the bayonet-knife AK-74.
    1. Poppy
      Poppy 30 September 2013 15: 15 New
      +1
      the bayonet is good, but made of bad metal
  21. Dry66
    Dry66 30 September 2013 13: 43 New
    +9
    Once he went into the yard with a dog for a walk, and she dug a bayonet from a three-ruler from the ground. Now at home it’s like a relic. Thing!
    1. smile
      smile 30 September 2013 19: 52 New
      +1
      Dry66
      You have the right dog. :))))
  22. svp67
    svp67 30 September 2013 13: 43 New
    +2
    Yes, after this fota, as you know, the Bulgarians are really "bros ..."
    1. Djozz
      Djozz 30 September 2013 16: 11 New
      +2
      Once upon a time!
      1. Kir
        Kir 30 September 2013 16: 54 New
        +1
        The Bulgarians themselves are now bros, but the rule is in the wrong hands!
    2. labendik
      labendik 30 September 2013 17: 21 New
      +1
      And for whom did they fight in the 1st World War when it was filmed?
      1. kaktus
        kaktus 30 September 2013 19: 13 New
        +4
        in both world wars Bulgaria was on the side of Germany and Turkey. True, they did not fight Russia and the USSR.
      2. alex-cn
        alex-cn 30 September 2013 19: 36 New
        0
        and they, that - really fought? somehow did not hear ...
    3. Black
      Black 30 September 2013 19: 25 New
      +1
      Quote: svp67
      Yes, after this fota, as you know, the Bulgarians are really "bros ..."

      WERE !!!! However.
    4. Dovmont
      Dovmont 30 September 2013 19: 40 New
      +2
      Only bros these two world wars fought for enemies (((
    5. ivanovbg
      ivanovbg 30 September 2013 23: 30 New
      +9
      Well guys how many times can you? After the Berlin Congress, “spheres of influence” in the Balkans were distributed as follows: Russia - Serbia, England - Greece and Turkey, France - Romania, Austria and Germany - Bulgaria. We would be very happy to remain "for Russia", but it did not work out. And it’s not at all our fault! Do you know what it cost our country to formally be listed as Germany, but practically not to fight against Russia? Visit my profile and read any article, it’s better to start with Bulgaria between East and West.
      1. kaktus
        kaktus 1 October 2013 14: 40 New
        +1
        as Zadornov says: “We are one people. And governments are another.” And the story of how they tried to break the bars in a bundle and everyone knows one at a time.
  23. Kerch
    Kerch 30 September 2013 15: 32 New
    +4
    Included in the memory is a description of hand-to-hand combat from Victor Kurochkin's book Iron Rain (Twelve Feats of a Soldier).

    “The SS men ... The end is ours,” breathed Sokratilin, and suddenly some unknown force threw him out of the trench.
    Sokratilin fled with a raised carbine and shouted "Hurray," poorly understanding what he was doing and whether it made sense. The SS man was walking at him, holding the machine gun like a stick. Bogdan managed to shoot. The German grabbed his stomach, sat down and shook his head. Socratilin hit him with a rifle butt. And at that very moment it seemed to him that lightning had struck him.
    Levtsov jumped out with an anti-tank grenade, waving it like a mace. The soldier he threw himself set his hands in horror. Levtsov hit him on the head. The German spun around. Levtsov swung again and dropped a grenade: he was grabbed by the throat from behind. He tried to unclench someone’s hands, but he was knocked down, piled up, breathed in his face with such a strong wine fume that Levtsov was sick.
    The younger political instructor, Kolbasko, shot two of them from a gun at point blank range. And fell, drenched in blood - he was stabbed in the throat with a knife. Melee was already on the entire line of defense. Both Germans and Russians fought with the fury of the doomed. Reason seemed to leave these people. Deaf blows, swearing, the moan of the wounded, the wheezing of the dying - all mixed up. They beat them with rifle butts, fists, strangled them, pricked with bayonets, knives — they killed with everything they could kill. The blood became damp, and the smell of it inflamed the soldier even more. A literature teacher, grabbed the rifle with both hands and holding it above his head, rushed to the non-commissioned building with a cross. Unther dodged and hit Popov in the face with a blow. Popov grabbed his glasses and, having received a second blow to the back of his head, fell as if he had been cut. Kostomarov-Zubrilin, like a butcher splattered with blood, worked with the butt of a German who was knocked down from his feet. He no longer moved, but he beat, beat and beat. Tatarin Kugushev, before rushing to the dump, attached a bayonet to the rifle. Then he chose the victim, by all the rules of the bayonet attack, attacked her and destroyed it. He stabbed two, and on the third he stumbled. The bayonet was stuck in the bones of a thin, skinny SS man, and he could not immediately pull it out. Kugushev put his foot on the German’s chest, but did not manage to pull out the bayonet. A stab in the back dumped him at the feet of the corporal who he had killed. The short-necked machine gunner was operating with his fists alone. Someone hit him hard in the stomach like a hammer. But he still managed to straighten up. He grabbed the German soldier by the throat, and they collapsed to the ground, rolled. Someone hit the machine gunner with a heel in the teeth. Her lips swelled instantly, blood gushing from her mouth. He spat out blood and cursed.
    - Bastards! Oh you bastards! - tore the enemy's throat with his hands, along which warm sticky blood also flowed.


    But once upon a time (up to cp 19th century), wars were waged just like that ...
  24. xomaNN
    xomaNN 30 September 2013 15: 54 New
    +1
    ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF THE STICK! Well, the author plowed this topic very thoroughly. thank
  25. maklaut007
    maklaut007 30 September 2013 16: 23 New
    +1
    Great!! informatively !! Thoughtfully !!)))
  26. Landwarrior
    Landwarrior 30 September 2013 16: 48 New
    +1
    Interesting, thanks.
    One little refinement:
    The poster shows a fighter with a SVT-40 rifle with a bayonet attached, attacking

    There is no CBT, but ABC-36 hi
    1. figwam
      figwam 30 September 2013 17: 40 New
      +2
      That's right ... And the helmet SSH-36 (HASANK)
      1. Landwarrior
        Landwarrior 1 October 2013 08: 01 New
        0
        Not Khasank, but Khalkingolka, or just Khalkhin laughing It’s just that in the restructuring environment this name has taken root winked Well, yes I am, old-fashioned hi
  27. Kir
    Kir 30 September 2013 17: 01 New
    0
    As they say a little from another opera, but what actually, well, apart from the price, does it now prevent the same bayonet-knives from the same B-titanium to be made? No warping, durable and lighter. In general, the art of blade ownership must be taught! Often the only friend in a seemingly hopeless situation is only His Majesty the Blade.
  28. Rjn
    Rjn 30 September 2013 17: 10 New
    0
    But the warrior on the poster is armed with ABC-36, but not SVT-40.
  29. anatoly57
    anatoly57 30 September 2013 19: 11 New
    +4
    A bit of personal experience about the quality of the bayonet-knife. We, ship sailors, were not supposed to have personal weapons, but when we went to the garrison guard (at the famous Vladivostok guardhouse), we received SKS carbines. One of the entertainments of a free shift was throwing a carbine with an attached bayonet knife at a target painted on a wooden shield. With a good throw, the bayonet went deep enough into the tree, the carbine after the swing swung on it, and there was no case that it broke or bent.
  30. Zomanus
    Zomanus 30 September 2013 19: 38 New
    +2
    Yeah, bayonet fighting is certainly not bombing from beeples ... Everything is fine, except for one. Too much consumption of soldiers. But the women do not want to give birth anymore ... So, if you leave the bayonet in the army, it’s only as a moral-psychological training. but not as a real means of warfare.
  31. alex-cn
    alex-cn 30 September 2013 19: 44 New
    +1
    excellent article, plus to the author. although the bayonet is not a Russian invention, the French, but came to us from the Germans, only our soldiers showed the real bayonet valor. but ... to be honest, shooting at a person is much easier than stabbing, looking into his face, many of the modern ones fighters will be able to. most of the Russian soldiers of our armies were peasants, and more accustomed to blood, but this is not to reproach the Russian bayonet.
  32. uzer 13
    uzer 13 30 September 2013 21: 31 New
    0
    An interesting article, thanks to the author.
    Here is another item that would not hurt any Red Army man. Something like a saboteur’s knife, of good workmanship. Production of BODA, China, costs about $ 200 for free shipping. In Russia, it is definitely considered a cold steel.
    1. Kir
      Kir 30 September 2013 21: 52 New
      0
      A copy of something Gerber, something “SOG”, by the way, the use of such a knife is not very effective, this time, the second is our “NOCS” -ovsky (Skrylevsky) “Shaitan”, it’s also a little different, but without a guard so in general it is possible to buy in the army without a license, however, you can also buy the legendary “Punisher” and “Antiterrorr” without a guard, the problem is what the steel is.
    2. svp67
      svp67 1 October 2013 01: 39 New
      +1
      Quote: uzer 13
      Here is another item that would not hurt any Red Army men.

      I think the products of our experts are more appropriate for the "red fighters"
      Nice knife "Smersh"

      And the Katran is very good
      1. Kir
        Kir 1 October 2013 02: 25 New
        0
        “Katran” is only good in two versions 1 and 4p, by the way, but that there are no “Ospreys” and in general the optimum thickness to a length of 1x28 is even better than 1x25, but this is forgiven only for the “Punisher” 6x150, “Osprey” and some Smersh models , by the way, steel itself raises questions in general, since there are no clear boundaries in hardness or branding of everyone indicating steel, so ......, and "Smersh" is now not the same as before.
    3. uzer 13
      uzer 13 1 October 2013 18: 32 New
      0
      Sorry, I attributed the extra zero, at the price of free trade an average of $ 20, so it's good that cheap with a fairly good quality, do not count for advertising Chinese goods. For example, if you order a large consignment for the army, it will cost about 300 apiece. , for all its merits, it will cost 10 times more expensive, i.e. they cannot be armed with a large number of people — and expensive, and production facilities do not allow it. A soldier’s knife should be universal — at least open canned food, cut bread — they don’t need to cut the rails.
      1. Kir
        Kir 2 October 2013 02: 06 New
        0
        I don’t know how Katran was in the purchase, but at one time he could buy the Punisher for 4.500 rubles, and in general Katran was created just like the Punisher and Anti-terror as knives for special units, so they are from another opera. And as universal, the Werewolf series is better then, and now about the price of 300 apiece, well, that’s enough for you, if the knife is correct, by the control of amers it will obviously be more expensive. By the way, as an alternative, our (Nizhny Novgorod) extreme steel is normal 65x13 normal, if the correct kalk and steel is not fake then 54-56 will normally give out.
  33. a.hamster55
    a.hamster55 30 September 2013 22: 29 New
    0
    Although it makes the weapons heavier, it’s better than the last thought - “but if I had ...”
  34. Sour
    Sour 30 September 2013 22: 51 New
    0
    I remember how they trained in the army when instructing the guard. “If a bayonet, a butt, a bay store ...” I always wondered - which of the bayonet-knife weapons? After all, you won’t even pierce them overcoat, especially wet, but you could penetrate with a bayonet and short fur coat. Unless in the face or throat poke with a bayonet-knife, but you still have to get there. In fact, a bayonet is not a bayonet or a knife. They tried to make a universal device, but made garbage, which is suitable only for biting the wire. Well, even open a can of canned food.
    1. Alex 241
      Alex 241 30 September 2013 23: 30 New
      +4
      Forgotten Osovets - Brest Fortress of the First World War

      In August 1915, after a gas attack, the dead rose in a bayonet on the Germans
      1. chehywed
        chehywed 30 September 2013 23: 56 New
        +1
        They began to write about the "attack of the dead" not so long ago. In the USSR, the Great War was hushed up as the Imperialist War. And they forgot about the heroism of Russian soldiers who fought on it. The soldier was described as a semi-literate peasant rotting in the trenches, for whom this war was alien ... apparently like the feeling of the Motherland and fighting spirit. Now they began to restore their memory.
        Why are we still unable to establish a connection between the times, and divide each other into white and red? Ideology ... her mother.
        What prevents to shoot a full-length film about Osovets? Or about the Masurian swamps? About the Brusilovsky breakthrough?
        Now Ugolnikov is making a film about the women's battalion in the 1 World War. It seems to be based on archival materials. I hope it will turn out at the level of the Brest Fortress. hi
    2. svp67
      svp67 1 October 2013 01: 34 New
      0
      Quote: Sour
      They tried to make a universal device, but they did garbage
      "Bad dancer", forever something interferes ...
    3. mac789
      mac789 11 August 2017 21: 55 New
      0
      In modern bayonet knives, metal is red-hot (to bite the wire) because they are fragile, with zone hardening, naturally, no one began to bother. As for cans and overcoats, there is no problem in them. And a wet overcoat will pierce, and a pea coat, and a short fur coat. And if the blow is well set, then the skull.
  35. nightingale
    nightingale 1 October 2013 00: 14 New
    0
    Maxim, the inventor of the machine gun, couldn’t attach it; he traveled around half of Europe; nobody takes a toy from him. this is how he comes to the English lord and says: I have a way to finally solve your problem with Russian bayonets. . . . . Right Angles bought a license
  36. bomg.77
    bomg.77 1 October 2013 01: 07 New
    +2
    The authors, thank you! The bayonet found in the barn, do not tell whose production you have? You have similar ones in the pictures but did not find it. Photo
    1. Alex 241
      Alex 241 1 October 2013 01: 24 New
      +2
      Dear Alexei, and you are apparently the owner of a rarity! If I am not mistaken, this is a bayonet for the French Lebel rifle, model 1886-93.
      1. bomg.77
        bomg.77 1 October 2013 01: 42 New
        +1
        Thanks Alexander !! It looks exactly like mine, though the sheath is rusted, but the bayonet itself is intact. Thanks again! hi
      2. svp67
        svp67 1 October 2013 01: 45 New
        +2
        Quote: Alex 241
        !If I am not mistaken

        Bravo! good
        1. Alex 241
          Alex 241 1 October 2013 01: 49 New
          +1
          Earrings would not be mistaken, I envy Alexei kindly! Alexey request, put in order and lay out the photo!
          1. bomg.77
            bomg.77 1 October 2013 01: 56 New
            +1
            Agreed!
            1. svp67
              svp67 1 October 2013 01: 59 New
              +1
              Quote: bomg.77
              Agreed!

              We are waiting ... In general, I wonder where he came from? Do you live in the European part?
              1. bomg.77
                bomg.77 1 October 2013 03: 00 New
                0
                Quote: svp67
                But in general, I wonder where he came from? Do you live in the European part?

                I don’t live here, I just bought a house for my mother in Staropolsky Krai. In this village there used to be the Azov-Mozdok Fortified Line and this is a former fortress, and my mother lives in the center. As they say, Atoman lived here before the revolution, I think he hid it.
              2. anomalocaris
                anomalocaris 5 October 2013 16: 39 New
                0
                The Lebel rifles arr. 1886 were supplied by the Allies in the Republic of Ingushetia during the WWII and the Civil War. And quite massively. It was mainly in the south of Russia that they fell. By the way, Lebel’s rifles were actively processed into hunting shotguns in the interwar period.
            2. Alex 241
              Alex 241 1 October 2013 02: 01 New
              +1
              Look in the barn, maybe you will find something interesting. It’s not easy, but he ended up there. I would like to restore the pedigree by number! Then, in general, a song!
              1. svp67
                svp67 1 October 2013 02: 09 New
                +2
                Quote: Alex 241
                Not easy, but he ended up there
                Of course, for good reason. Peasant thrifty, especially since it’s convenient to chop boars with such a “knife” ...
                1. Alex 241
                  Alex 241 1 October 2013 02: 16 New
                  +1
                  Like a friend, leaving the airport, do not forget what for the house laughing
                  1. Ruslan67
                    Ruslan67 1 October 2013 02: 21 New
                    +1
                    Quote: Alex 241
                    When leaving the airport, do not forget what for the house

                    It is convenient to water the garden from the filling hose repeat
                    1. Alex 241
                      Alex 241 1 October 2013 02: 23 New
                      +1
                      How can a friend fit outboard fuel tanks laughing
                      1. Ruslan67
                        Ruslan67 1 October 2013 02: 25 New
                        +2
                        Quote: Alex 241
                        can fit outboard fuel tanks

                        Come on! gave son-in-law a plot what We’ll build a summer house good
                      2. Alex 241
                        Alex 241 1 October 2013 02: 27 New
                        +1
                        They need to be evaporated, otherwise it’s solid kerosene. It’s better to let the well do right away, I started from this.
                      3. Ruslan67
                        Ruslan67 1 October 2013 02: 29 New
                        +1
                        Quote: Alex 241
                        They must be evaporated, otherwise solid kerosene.

                        Well, not so neighborly, so as not to be arrogant wassat
                      4. Alex 241
                        Alex 241 1 October 2013 02: 31 New
                        +1
                        Well, if only the neighbor laughing
                2. svp67
                  svp67 1 October 2013 02: 29 New
                  +2
                  Quote: Alex 241
                  How can a friend fit outboard fuel tanks
                  In the old days, these MiG15 tanks didn’t make stupid strollers for motiks ...
                3. Ruslan67
                  Ruslan67 1 October 2013 02: 32 New
                  +1
                  Quote: svp67
                  not stupid strollers for motives turned out ...

                  Until the first sober traffic cop wassat
                4. Alex 241
                  Alex 241 1 October 2013 02: 37 New
                  +2
                  Ruslan which traffic cop will contact the officer, on a motorcycle, and even with a sidecar. laughing
                5. Ruslan67
                  Ruslan67 1 October 2013 02: 38 New
                  +3
                  Quote: Alex 241
                  Ruslan which traffic cop will contact the officer,

                  For those who are in a stroller from a gas tank-sober! laughing
                6. Alex 241
                  Alex 241 1 October 2013 02: 40 New
                  +1
                  With the smell of morning port laughing
                7. Ruslan67
                  Ruslan67 1 October 2013 02: 44 New
                  +2
                  And so the negative image of Russian traffic cops is born request What port in the morning !? belay Only VODKA! wassat
        2. Alex 241
          Alex 241 1 October 2013 02: 33 New
          0
          Seryozha is lumen, and the bomb bombars have good furniture, and kindling for the stove. We had MiG-27 near us, no problem laughing
        3. alex-cn
          alex-cn 1 October 2013 14: 56 New
          0
          and also, from some very old model, excellent catamaran boats ...
  • svp67
    svp67 1 October 2013 02: 10 New
    +2
    Quote: Alex 241
    Still to restore the pedigree by number
    But it will be very surprising if you succeed ...
    1. Alex 241
      Alex 241 1 October 2013 02: 12 New
      +2
      Serezha, I would call it a miracle! Everything will depend on Alexey. With a healthy share of optimism, you can also push a concrete wall.
      1. Ruslan67
        Ruslan67 1 October 2013 02: 30 New
        +2
        Quote: Alex 241
        .With a healthy share of optimism, it is possible to push through a concrete wall.

        Under two conditions, you can break the table with a member fool laughing
    2. bomg.77
      bomg.77 1 October 2013 03: 04 New
      0
      The museum has a regional interest in them.
  • bomg.77
    bomg.77 1 October 2013 02: 48 New
    0
    Quote: Alex 241
    Look at the barn, maybe you will find something interesting
    I completely dismantled it. I found the bayonet when I overwhelmed the tiled roof and there I also found a silver ruble really badly dented, hi I’ll be silent about the rest. bully Soon I’ll be sorting the basement over there, I think it will be even more interesting. Previously, the chieftain lived here as old-timers say, before the revolution. So everything can be.
    1. alex-cn
      alex-cn 1 October 2013 14: 58 New
      +1
      look guy, you can sit behind a machine gun stop
      1. bomg.77
        bomg.77 2 October 2013 00: 52 New
        0
        Quote: alex-cn
        look guy, you can sit behind a machine gun stop
        Let them come, but we'll see. From Maxim, a rare opera will leave laughing
  • wei
    wei 1 October 2013 01: 26 New
    0
    thanks for the article
    I look forward to something similar about MPL (very short on the wiki)
    about the bowler and the flask
  • Konsmo
    Konsmo 1 October 2013 01: 27 New
    +1
    Article is good. Thank you.
    I served in the construction battalion and I’ll say that it’s in good hands (and in the construction battalion you’ll get a shovel, and with a crowbar that all hands are good) and a simple bayonet shovel, sharpened with an end to a cone, another 10 seconds man’s weapon put a trifling matter.
    Yes, and sapper, although we did not do much with them.
    We had a lot of fights. In the mid-80s there were Russians, there were 15 percent in the battalion.
    Well, the young guys are hot. But no one took the shovels in their hands, they understood that you can take your head down once, I'm not talking about scars. In short, you can’t compare a shovel with any knife.
  • Alex 241
    Alex 241 1 October 2013 01: 28 New
    +2
    Quote: Alex 241
    Dear Alexei, and you are apparently the owner of a rarity! If I am not mistaken, this is a bayonet for the French Lebel rifle, model 1886-93.
    Clean it, there should be a mark on the edge.
    1. bomg.77
      bomg.77 1 October 2013 01: 47 New
      +1
      OK,! I’m just afraid that it’s not professional. I’ll clean up and post a photo! Thank you!
  • lewerlin53rus
    lewerlin53rus 1 October 2013 08: 54 New
    +1
    In our part carbines were 90th year
  • Captain45
    Captain45 1 October 2013 20: 57 New
    0
    Quote: hort
    Kalash bayonet - a quality product ?! Well, except for a snack to bite the wire ..

    Well, I don’t know. Maybe I’ll repeat it, but it’s like in an advertisement: “I don’t like cats! You just don’t know how to cook them!” Served 2 of the year with AKM and a bayonet-knife, a universal tool, from opening cans with thickening to throwing at the target, the metal only let us down, it holds weakly and brittle. If you throw into the fence and you get into the nail head it can break. Checked. And so a very useful weapon, the main thing is to be able to use it. Yes, and training in hand-to-hand combat and bayonet combat with an attached bayonet, although fraught with injuries, but very educates the character, fighting character.
  • Captain45
    Captain45 1 October 2013 21: 07 New
    +2
    In general, my grandfather had a bayonet from a three-line, he periodically stabbed them with boars. Almost no squeal or blood. From then I realized how useful the bayonet was!
  • Fedya
    Fedya 1 October 2013 22: 21 New
    0
    In skillful hands and a pencil - a bayonet!
  • mak210
    mak210 4 October 2013 21: 40 New
    0
    Forgot to write that almost any wound with a bayonet is fatal. The wound, as from a thief’s sharpening or an awl, converges and fatal internal bleeding opens, which is not the case with wounds with knives, where the wound is open and the blood does not go inside. The medical fact is that such wounds heal worse. Somewhere I read the legend that, allegedly, such a bayonet is prohibited by the Geneva Agreement. But found no confirmation, myth, no more. The needle bayonet is much lighter, does not require sharpening.

    With the vertical location of the bayonet-knife in AK, it easily gets stuck in the ribs, so that it cannot be removed, which is also exacerbated by the instinctive spasm of the wounded muscles. Therefore, it is recommended to turn the weapon vertically, i.e. some manipulation is required. If additional devices are hung on a soldier: pouches, belts, flasks, gas masks, etc. (meaning, of course, a soldier of the 30-60s without a bronic arm), then for a correct hit very good coordination is needed, not without reason during WWII often a spare clip was stored in a breast pocket. For a needle bayonet with a chisel-shaped end, these obstacles were easily dispensed with.

    On the other hand, for a fight in a trench, it is much more convenient to use a short knife with greater mobility, and I don’t really imagine how they wielded with mosquitoes with a bayonet. In any case, it is certain that the departed needle bayonet is a terrible weapon.
  • ccsr
    ccsr 12 December 2013 12: 46 New
    0
    Quote: alex-cn
    and they, that - really fought? somehow did not hear ...

    Bulgarian pilots shot down allied planes over the Mediterranean Sea. So they fought to the detriment of the USSR not directly, but indirectly - this is a historical fact that the guardians of Slavic unity do not particularly like to recall. By the way, Bulgaria forbade the passage of Russian aircraft over its territory during the bombing of Yugoslavia in the late nineties.
  • Prostak
    Prostak 6 January 2014 02: 30 New
    0
    It even became interesting, he served in the 1980s, and the bayonet-knife was the orderly-duty company on duty, etc. Worn from SVT-40. Separate battalion of communications, were armed with SKS and AK
  • Alex
    Alex 25 January 2014 17: 01 New
    +1
    Many thanks to the authors and the same "+"!
  • μs
    μs 27 February 2014 04: 49 New
    0
    Thank you for the article. In my opinion, while there will be a trunk - there will be a bayonet. Bayonet skills inspire confidence in a battle, especially a mobile one.