Military Review

Chinese "mysterious" anti-ship missile YJ-12

In early September, the Japanese media reported on regular flights of Chinese Xian H-6 bombers near the territorial waters of Japan. The aircraft discovered by the Japanese air defense system was only a few hundred kilometers from Tokyo, but did not enter the airspace of the island nation. It should be noted that the Air Force of the People’s Liberation Army of China regularly conduct such flights, causing complaints from the Japanese side. However, this time the flight of a Chinese bomber is interesting not from a political point of view, but from a military-technical one.

Chinese "mysterious" anti-ship missile YJ-12

The Xian H-6 bomber with the 81215 tail number, seen near the Japanese waters, had interesting equipment. As seen in the existing photograph of the aircraft, the inner pylon under the right wing of the wing is equipped with an unusually long girder. At the same time on the holder there was no weapon. Foreign experts on Chinese weapons and military equipment rather quickly suggested the purpose of the beam holder. According to the most common opinion, a bomber seen near Japan can carry a new anti-ship missile (ASM) YJ-12.

This ammunition is one of the biggest mysteries of the Chinese defense industry. Little is known about the YJ-12 CRP, and most of the available information is obtained from unofficial sources or is estimated. Thus, even the available information does not allow us to speak precisely about the capabilities of bombers armed with such missiles.

According to reports, the development of a promising supersonic anti-ship missile YJ-12 started in the early nineties. The project involved the organizations of the China Sea Eagle Electromechanical Technology Academy (CHEMTA) and the Tri-River Aerospace Industrial Group, which are part of the state-owned China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation (CASIC). The project was prepared for the beginning of the two thousandth years and in the middle of the same decade, small-scale construction of new missiles began. More accurate information about the project, organizations or specialists involved in it, etc. are missing.

With a total length of about 7 meters CRP YJ-12, according to different sources, has a starting weight from one to 2,5 tons. The rocket is equipped with a liquid ramjet engine. Thanks to such a power plant, the YJ-12 can accelerate to speeds of the order of 2M. Accurate firing range data are not available, and estimates range from 100-150 to 300-400 kilometers. The missile is probably equipped with a combined guidance system: it goes to the desired area using a satellite or inertial navigation system, after which the active radar homing head is responsible for finding the target. According to some sources, the YJ-12 rocket is able to independently detect a target at a distance of about 50 kilometers. The warhead of the rocket, according to various estimates, has a mass of about 200-300 kg.

A number of materials on the new Chinese anti-ship missile mention the original flight profile. According to this information, after being dropped from the carrier aircraft, the anti-ship missile YJ-12 abruptly gains altitude, then descends and thereby develops a speed four times the speed of sound. Then the anti-ship ammunition goes into horizontal flight at an altitude of about 20 meters above the surface of the water at a speed of no more than 1,5M.

From the available information about the YJ-12 missile, it follows that the latest versions of the Xian H-6 and Xian JH-7 aircraft can be used as its carriers. H-6 missile carriers are capable of carrying four missiles, and JH-7 - only two. Given the range of the missile, the combat radius of both aircraft increases significantly, which ultimately has a positive effect on the combat effectiveness of the naval units aviationarmed with new anti-ship missiles. For example, the combat radius of a JH-7 aircraft armed with YJ-12 anti-ship missiles is approaching 2000 kilometers.

If the available estimates of the characteristics of the YJ-12 rocket are at least partially true, then there is reason to say that China really has a powerful weapon for the destruction of enemy ships. The lack of information does not allow to assess the potential of this munition when attacking ships with modern radio-electronic equipment and weapons. Probably, modern warships of leading countries of the world can intercept and destroy a new Chinese rocket, however, with a massive strike, the outcome of such an attack ceases to be predictable.

Naturally, the high combat potential of the new Chinese anti-ship missile is provided by its characteristics, information about which is extremely scarce. If it turns out that the available estimates of the capabilities of the YJ-12 differ from its real indicators, then the actual combat potential may be significantly lower than expected. In this case, other aspects of the YJ-12 project come to the fore.

For example, a bomber spotted by Japan causes big questions. On it was only one (according to other data, two) a long-length girder holder suitable for carrying and launching the anti-ship missile system YJ-12. This fact, among other things, may indicate that a promising anti-ship missile, for some unclear reason, has not yet received wide distribution. Of course, you can find other explanations for the original composition of the equipment of the aircraft H-6, associated with the technical or tactical nuances of its operation.

In any case, the amount of information about the YJ-12 rocket that is not verifiable, as well as the large amount of information that is purely evaluative, makes it difficult to try to figure out the possibilities and prospects of the new Chinese anti-ship munition. It is unlikely that something will change in the coming years, and therefore the YJ-12 rocket will remain the most mysterious representative of its weapon class for the time being.

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  1. duchy
    duchy 26 September 2013 08: 49 New
    In the photo, the rocket resembles something very familiar, don’t you?
    1. Doctor Evil
      Doctor Evil 26 September 2013 09: 07 New
      Do you mean the "mysterious" Chinese replica of "Mosquito"?
    2. Wedmak
      Wedmak 26 September 2013 09: 58 New
      Yes, as usual, a copy of Soviet weapons. After the copy of "Spiral" I am not even surprised.
      1. Ascetic
        Ascetic 26 September 2013 14: 27 New
        Quote: Wedmak
        Yes, as usual, a copy of Soviet weapons. After the copy of "Spiral" I am not even surprised.

        In terms of dimensions it looks longer than Mosquito, which means the fuel tank is larger, due to which the range is increased. Most likely the maximum flight altitude is 20 km, the speed Mn = 3,0, below Mn = 1,5 (and not 2,0). The air intake is pushed forward. in order to eliminate the influence of the boundary layer (PS). Otherwise, the PS will get into the VZU at high speeds. Judging by the photos, YJ-12 smells of fiberglass (or carbon fiber), and not titanium which can not be painted (see our titanium) Chinese is painted and what it is made of is unknown. Most likely carbon fiber. Modern materials can withstand prolonged heat loads. However, as far as I know, all these materials and composites are classified. Here one of the two, or the Chinese all the same downplayed the technology, or simply painted for beauty (why not?) Or just a mock-up in the photo.
        Although the layout in the photo, if this is not a layout, this is a real attempt to modernize Mosquito by extending it by a meter and a half and transferring it into a niche of heavy (more than 5t) and long-range (more than 400km) supersonic anti-ship missiles. More fuel, more range, so you need a tank of a larger volume, the volume can be replaced only in length, then C, T will shift. That means you need to increase the size of the wings and shift them forward with all the consequences (I already said about VZU). What came of it ... HZ and did it work at all. There are still many questions about the GOS, the mass of warheads, etc. all this must be calculated.
        1. sedoj
          sedoj 26 September 2013 20: 26 New
          Judging by the photograph, this is most likely a layout. Accelerating blocks are more like wooden ones. The height of the letters and numbers in the markings do not correspond to each other.
        2. Windbreak
          Windbreak 26 September 2013 21: 17 New
          With a total length of about 7 meters, the RJ YJ-12, according to various sources, has a starting weight of one to 2,5 tons. The rocket is equipped with a liquid ramjet engine
          The article says. It's rather an X-31 overgrowth
      2. AVV
        AVV 5 October 2013 22: 12 New
        This is primarily a demonstration, but what will it be clear later !!!
  2. Airman
    Airman 26 September 2013 10: 38 New
    In the picture, something looks very much like a layout.
  3. Algor73
    Algor73 26 September 2013 11: 24 New
    The Chinese are great. Until they do, they do not bring to mind, do not shout. And ours will announce to the whole world in a year or two that they will start developing ... If it were a copy of Mosquito, it would have flown for a long time, something, and the Chinese have learned to copy great. And the photo is probably a collage, look carefully. From the publication he says that this is the most mysterious rocket, it is doubtful that there is a photo of it, if judged only by the pylons of the aircraft
    1. Guun
      Guun 26 September 2013 11: 41 New
      If the rocket is secret - there will be no pictures - shooting. It’s not like ours.
    2. vostok1982
      vostok1982 26 September 2013 13: 28 New
      I would not say. Bad photos of either secret tanks or aircraft are constantly appearing on the net.
    IRON_MAN 26 September 2013 15: 36 New
    "US nuclear submarine Miami caught fire from a Chinese vacuum cleaner.
    A vacuum cleaner was used to clean the submarine after each shift.
    Because of the vacuum cleaner, the submarine burned for 10 hours. "

    Rockets yesterday! )) On face the new format of military operations !!! good
  5. D_L
    D_L 27 September 2013 18: 18 New
    China is slowly developing and you will see in 10-15 years it will be a superpower
  6. ruslan207
    ruslan207 28 September 2013 19: 59 New
    It’s time already and the carrier of the more modern one to come up with the Tu-16 is already outdated as it is not modernized
  7. leon1204id
    leon1204id 3 September 2015 16: 05 New
    I give a link from where the rocket from Ascetic: http: // Id = 209042
    This is Mosquito and has nothing to do with China.
    More interesting is this image: http: //
    (picture below)

    It’s clear that the article has a layout. Four red plugs for diffusers. It means four ramjet engines, or rather, at such low speeds it is a PURJS (pulsating as in V-1). There should be 5 nozzles in the back, one in the center of an accelerating turbojet engine.
    Since the Chinese are all encrypted, they haven’t brought it to mind. A flag is in their hands.
    This thing will not fly at hypersound. A flight altitude of 20m at sea is a lot, it’s enough for radars and beyond 100km. But we won’t relax, you can’t expect this from China. wink