Military Review

To the plans of privatization of "Kalashnikov": we need other managers, but they are not

24
News The partial privatization of the newly-established Kalashnikov concern has caused the most controversial assessments. We have been following the situation on the long-suffering "Izhmash" for a long time. Let's try to understand the logic of events and answer the main question: why is this happening?


"Izhmash" is not the same

Barely in the information field, the news about the creation of the Kalashnikov concern died down, as it was eclipsed by the new one - they are going to hand over the brainchild of Dmitry Rogozin into private hands. True, not completely, but in the amount of 49%, the remaining shares will remain under state control. Known and buyers, and even the estimated size of the transaction. Russian oligarch Andrei Bokarev and Alexei Krivoruchko (about them later) will raise production "from their knees". The share of “Kalashnikov” will cost them 2,5 billion rubles.

Recall that the Kalashnikov concern was formed on August 13, 2013 at the suggestion of Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin on the basis of two Izhevsk armory enterprises - NPO Izhmash and OJSC Izhevsk Mechanical Plant. It is planned to include other enterprises of the industry in the concern and eventually organize a closed cycle of production of rifle complexes - from gunpowder to weapons and sights. In addition, great importance is attached to the promotion of the Kalashnikov brand, which has significant untapped potential.

However, for now these are only plans. The reality is that the main enterprises of the concern are in a deplorable state. About the many problems of "Izhmash" we wrote repeatedly.

According to the results of 2012, Izhmash suffered a net loss of 403 million rubles, while all sorts of obligations scored on 8,8 billion rubles. However, we note that this is better than the results of previous periods. Thus, at the beginning of 2011, the total liabilities amounted to 19 billion rubles, and the losses at the end of 2010 of the year - 1,7 billion rubles.

But the news of yesterday - the novelty "Izhmash" AK-12 machine gun did not pass the preliminary tests and was not allowed to the state. Instead, for the complex equipment "Warrior" selected machine factory them. Degtyarev. AK-12 designers still have a chance to correct flaws within a month, but considering that they failed to create products that meet the requirements for two years, experts estimate the prospects for the new Kalashnikov to win the order as not high.

It is noteworthy that last week the concern was visited by Vladimir Putin, where he criticized the pace of development of the combat systems of the ground forces. Probably, the state of the enterprises did not inspire the president, since the subsequent decision on the partial privatization of Kalashnikov was supported by him.

Who buys "Kalashnikov"

The names of the future owners of the shares of the concern are known. Andrei Bokarev is a Russian oligarch from the Forbes list and the number of Russia's richest businessmen. Currently he is a co-owner and president of Transmashholding, as well as a co-owner of UMMC, the closest associate of the oligarch Iskander Makhmudov. Like, perhaps, any oligarch from 90-x has a lot of questionable pages in his biography. So widely known is the quotation from his interview with the ORT channel from 2001:

“When we arrived at Kuzbassrazrezugol, we held several meetings with the directors (mines). Their meaning was in very simple things: gentlemen, if you do not want to be shot one by one, you must understand that from today you no longer make decisions on where and how coal is sold, to whom it is sold, how much it is paid for, only responsible for his prey "

According to media reports, Bokarev is also known as the organizer of numerous raider seizures of land and enterprises. In general, the typical representative of large Russian capital. However, it should be noted that Transmashholding managed by him shows good results. In recent years, production and sales have grown at an impressive pace. In this sense, despite the ambiguous reputation, it’s impossible to call Bokarev an “effective manager” in our familiar ironic intonation.

The second contender for the Kalashnikov part, Alexey Krivoruchko, has a much more modest track record. Currently, he is the head of Aeroexpress (since 2010 - CEO), previously managed sales of AvtoVAZ, worked at Rosoboronexport, as well as in the field of civil aviation.

Why privatization was needed and why exactly these people

We traditionally treat privatization as such with wariness, and double, if we are talking about defense enterprises. There are too many living examples before us, when the result of the sale of state property was its final degradation. It is even more interesting to understand the logic of the power that sells the lion's piece of the concern to private hands.

The fiscal motive disappears immediately - those 2,5 billion rubles, which investors contribute to Kalashnikov, the state could easily find on its own, even in the current difficult budgetary conditions. There remains something that is called “attracting market competencies”. Simply put, the state washes its hands, signing in the inability to independently remove the concern from the crisis. This is despite the fact that 51% of the shares will remain at the disposal of the state-owned Rostec.

That is, the competence of state managers of “Rostec” was not enough to fully improve the enterprise for several years of management. Not enough competence and previous leaders of "Izhmash", one of which, we recall, is now under investigation on charges of fraud on a large scale. So there was only hope for a private investor, who, having invested his own money, was supposed to gnaw earth with his teeth in order to return them with profit.

Note that here we do not argue about whether this is a bad or good decision, but only trying to understand the logic of power.

Based on the foregoing, it becomes clear and the choice of candidates. Actually, Bokarev will have to do the same thing that he once did, creating Transmashholding, to collect many disparate enterprises into one concern. This is his “market competence”, the desired power for Kalashnikov. There is a lot of work to be done here - earlier it was said that the concern “Progress”, the Vyatsko-Polyansky plant “Molot”, the KBAL named after Koshkin and other enterprises.

In addition, Bokarev has a successful experience of cooperation with the state. Thus, the blocking package of Transmashholding holds JSC Russian Railways, which is the main consumer of its locomotives. Something similar is supposed to be built in “Kalashnikov”.

The competence of Alexei Krivoruchko, apparently, is to establish relations with foreign partners (given the "AvtoVaz experience"). At least, he has already declared his intention to create a joint venture with foreigners for the production of cartridges and gunpowder.

Another nuance in this storieswhich we don’t tire of reminding about is the position of local authorities and elites. The permanent president of Udmurtia, Alexander Volkov, is an ardent opponent of the “visiting” leaders and is waging a long-standing struggle for the return of Izhevsk facilities to the orbit of his influence. That is, any Moscow appointee not only has to deal with production issues, but also withstand the pressure of local authorities. From this point of view, Bokarev’s uncompromising way of doing business should help to stir up the nest of endless intermediaries who put the company into debt (“gentlemen, if you don’t want you to ...”).

Now let's talk about the negative side of the decision.

Risks of Kalashnikov privatization

It is clear that the new owners will pursue a tough policy from the very first days of leadership. It is clear that Rostec is unlikely to interfere in it, because it was for this reason that they invited a private trader to do something that the state could not do. This means that the simple workers will be the first to feel the anti-crisis measures on themselves. There is no need to build any illusions: the enterprise is in a bad state - and the private owner will be cut everything that is possible.

This means that we are, for sure, waiting for new pickets, strikes, letters to Putin and complaints about the new leadership. Just be ready to meet all this in the news feeds in the near future. Moreover, the cutting off of intermediary structures simply cannot occur without their resistance, which means that the oil will be poured into the fire diligently, and it will be difficult for us to distinguish protest on real grounds from the one inspired by those suspended from the feeder. In any case, ordinary workers will suffer first.

But, let us assume that optimization will ultimately lead to the improvement of the plants and the concern’s exit to the desired level. What awaits him next?

There is a chance that the new owners of the now profitable enterprise will want to take their hands on it completely. They have experience in this matter. And the position of the authorities can be predicted already in advance: “Since business has taken the enterprise out of the crisis, let him dispose of it”. We also recall that “Rostec” itself is in the queue either for privatization, or for liquidation. In general, the risk that through 5 – 6 years, “Kalashnikov” will become completely private and float off to some kind of offshore, taking into account the entire experience of privatization, great. And this, frankly, is very disappointing.

It is even a shame not only that one of the symbols of our country could potentially fall into some Saudi sheikh, but also that state secrets will go along with it, because the concern is engaged in and will also be engaged in promising developments.

Yes, we remember that in his inaugural speech, Vladimir Putin promised that OPK enterprises would avoid complete privatization, but would anyone remember this speech, for example, in the year in 2020?

That is, it would be desirable, of course, that the government abandoned the idea of ​​privatizing the defense sector altogether — at least partially, even completely — for even a partial one increases the likelihood of further full. But the example of “Kalashnikov” shows us that the government cannot solve the problems of enterprises on its own.

It's time to talk why.

I have no other managers for you

Probably everyone knows the historical anecdote about how Comrade. Stalin responded to the slander of one party functionary to the amoral lifestyle of the writers with the phrase: “I have no other writers for you.”

So, it seems that Vladimir Putin would answer the complaint in choosing investors for Kalashnikov in the same way: “I have no other managers for you”.

They are, however, no. Those who have enough experience and “market competence” are all from the nineties and, as a rule, work in the private sector. And try their lures in the state company. In state-owned companies, there are intelligent managers, but they are not enough for all branches of the national economy.

What to do? To keep the civil service sensible by all means, and in critical areas where there are not enough personnel, to attract the sharks of capitalism, luring fat stocks, and hope that they will not betray. I think the power now comes from these considerations.

And this is a separate problem. With 90, everything is clear - specific conditions have created specific managers. The trouble is that zero did not create anyone at all. For example, the former candidate for mayor of the capital, Navalny loves to “soak” the so-called. members of the cooperative "Lake" for their unregistered land and other excesses, apparently assuming that they unfairly take the place of young creative managers of the "new type". But there are no such managers of the “new type” as a class. Everything created by them on the patterns of trendy Western business programs in zero, did not survive the 2008 crisis of the year and either crumbled into dust or was consumed. And the managers of the “new wave” themselves have nothing left but evil tweets and a pair of trendy sneakers. They did not grow up as a class, did not take shape, and could not stand the competition with 90's sharks.

Thus, the situation around the Kalashnikov concern highlighted the main problem - the government’s lack of intelligent managers, even in the minimum necessary quantities. Therefore, if Putin would, in truth, say in this story “I have no other managers for you,” I would probably understand him. However, we must not forget that the fact that they are not there, no one but the state is to blame.
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  1. FunkschNNX
    FunkschNNX 26 September 2013 16: 06 New
    12
    Known Scheme:
    1 to sell a share to a private owner at the book value (but in practice it is much cheaper)
    2 swell budget money for recovery / development, etc.
    3 and profit equally.
    1. Vladimirets
      Vladimirets 26 September 2013 16: 11 New
      +5
      Quote: Фкенщь13
      1 to sell a share to a private owner at the book value (but in practice it is much cheaper)
      2 swell budget money for recovery / development, etc.
      3 and profit equally.

      The third point: to sell to the private owner the remaining share for a penny.
      1. vladimirZ
        vladimirZ 26 September 2013 18: 39 New
        +4
        Yes, the "democrats" brought Russia to the pen. Millions + bonuses are paid to the "effective managers" of state-owned enterprises, and there is no sense in them. All the hope of "Putin VV and Co" on those who openly declared to the heads of enterprises in the 90s
        "... gentlemen, if you do not want to be shot separately, you must understand that from today you no longer decide where and how coal is sent, to whom it is sold, how much they pay for it, you are only responsible for it prey "

        And as for the workers, who will be fired by the thousands, to reduce their salaries and social welfare, to deprive them of the opportunity to earn a piece of bread, the "Putin V.V. and Co." ..., the main thing is to carry out the privatization, to free the state and senior members of the Government from economic industry leadership. Their task is to collect taxes, but to cut the budget.
      2. Serg 122
        Serg 122 26 September 2013 20: 31 New
        +4
        Serdyukovskaya scheme continues to live ... angry
        1. Airman
          Airman 26 September 2013 23: 54 New
          +1
          Quote: Serg 122
          Serdyukovskaya scheme continues to live ... angry

          But how, soon instead of the Mistrals, we will purchase weapons abroad, God forbid. With our "reformers" anything is possible.
    2. Joker
      Joker 26 September 2013 20: 34 New
      +5
      And of course, Americans and Jews do it all, Putin knows nothing laughing
  2. Edward72
    Edward72 26 September 2013 16: 07 New
    +1
    Something it all reminds me of a stool and its reptiles, Rogozin decided it seems to do the same
    1. pawel57
      pawel57 26 September 2013 17: 08 New
      +8
      Apparently you are right. Wherever Rogozin appears, perestroika and enlargement and transfer to private hands are everywhere. At least the same Vladivostok plant in my Zvezda or Zvezdochka-ship repair. In St. Petersburg, twists something. The old stuff in the form of BTR82a or AK12 is being crammed under the guise of new developments. An incomprehensible armored vehicle platform with the French half and the bolt of our BTR90, and it is the best in the world. The transformation of the army and the military industry together with Shoigu into some kind of show and everything for sale. If you recall the homeland party which Rogozin led and pulled off almost half of the voters and threw all. For what such merits sat for years in Belgium in NATO. He is PR for all media, Putin apparently wants to quietly emerge.
      1. Coward
        Coward 26 September 2013 18: 29 New
        +1
        "Star" in the item. Big stone. In Vladivostok, the shipyard "Dalzavod".
  3. MAG
    MAG 26 September 2013 16: 12 New
    +4
    We have been having problems with managers for about 40 years. Take for example Volodya’s “team” ... (faces) the same, and here he hangs out this deck back and forth and there’s no sense. The main thing in his "team" as he himself said is faithfulness and devotion. We need people who are professionals with their own opinions, but there those who are VERY faithful even steal, but for him it’s little things that push them away from the feeder.
  4. JonnyT
    JonnyT 26 September 2013 16: 29 New
    +6
    With such a surname (Krivoruchko) they will certainly raise the quality of products wassat

    It seems that Kalashnikov was torn to pieces
    1. Stiletto
      Stiletto 26 September 2013 16: 58 New
      +7
      All this looks very cool like a joke from the construction industry, but the essence is the same as here:

      An auction for the construction of a bridge has been announced, applications are being considered.
      The first application from the Turks - they are ready to make a bridge for a million rubles.
      The second - from the Germans - with European quality and a guarantee, they are ready to build for two million.
      The third application - from the Russians - LLC "Horns and Hooves Entertainment" offers to build a bridge for three million.
      The auction organizer is interested in the general director of the Russian campaign: how so? They promise to build Turks for a million, Germans for two, why do you have three offers?
      - Why is it incomprehensible? The Turks will build a bridge for a million, a million to you, and a million to me.
  5. Pablo_K
    Pablo_K 26 September 2013 16: 33 New
    +7
    Yes, we are talking about --- whether 00 years. From 2000 to 2008, sharks of the 90s did not invest in production, but bought yachts, real estate and all other crap.
    The state produced bureaucracy and corruption.
    Is it any wonder that now they cannot find adequate managers?
  6. Seaman
    Seaman 26 September 2013 17: 20 New
    +3
    Yeah, and they decided to turn it over, but Kalash is the Symbol of Russia!
  7. pinecone
    pinecone 26 September 2013 17: 26 New
    +4
    Goodbye Izhevsk weapons.
  8. VladimS
    VladimS 26 September 2013 17: 37 New
    +4
    Quote: Фкенщь13
    Known Scheme:
    1 to sell a share to a private owner at the book value (but in practice it is much cheaper)
    2 swell budget money for recovery / development, etc.
    3 and profit equally.


    No no! fellow
    1 to sell a share to a private owner at the book value (but in practice it is much cheaper)
    2. To carry out, allegedly, a reorganization ... by investing a penny in the actual production
    3. To buy from the private owner "reorganized" production for a price ten times higher than the sale thereof. It was precisely by such a not-so-cunning scheme that many olegarchs of the first "Yeltsin" wave got their initial capital.
  9. Zomanus
    Zomanus 26 September 2013 18: 25 New
    +2
    In short Kalashnikov. Maybe then it’s not worthwhile to destroy weapons in the arsenals?
  10. Betahon
    Betahon 26 September 2013 18: 44 New
    +2
    The privatization of such a defense enterprise can only be considered as a well-thought-out economic diversion aimed at the immediate liquidation of all intellectual, labor and production potential. Only a state with a guarantee of compliance with state and commercial secrets by special methods and methods will be able to maintain the competitiveness of such a unique complex!
    1. alone
      alone 26 September 2013 19: 13 New
      +1
      mdyaya.if the enterprise at (x) are being vatified in a couple of years, you can only remember about it.
  11. marat1000
    marat1000 26 September 2013 18: 48 New
    -3
    It was high time to do this, we need new staff, new young minds.
  12. Nitarius
    Nitarius 26 September 2013 19: 28 New
    +1
    WHY and why again? privatization ???
  13. Hedgehog
    Hedgehog 26 September 2013 19: 38 New
    +2
    Isn't the AK-12 really like that? It’s sad that we cannot surpass what was created 30 years ago (
  14. Gur
    Gur 26 September 2013 19: 57 New
    +1
    Well, if an enterprise with that name couldn’t come up with anything new, apart from the slats for the sight of the people turned to the Avtamat, then it’s their own fault that they will be cut
  15. varov14
    varov14 26 September 2013 19: 59 New
    +3
    Where to get the production workers if we train lawyers and economists, Some know how to get around the law, others how to steal correctly. The creators, as was one of the articles, were taught under the Soviet regime, now consumers. You have to blame yourself. We send children to institutes, and work in a stall, but there is a diploma. Everything is upside down in our brains.
  16. varov14
    varov14 26 September 2013 20: 02 New
    +1
    Where to get the production workers if we train lawyers and economists, Some know how to get around the law, others how to steal correctly. The creators, as was one of the articles, were taught under the Soviet regime, now consumers. You have to blame yourself. We send children to institutes, and work in a stall, but there is a diploma. Everything is upside down in our brains, will fall into place - we will live.
  17. sergeschern
    sergeschern 26 September 2013 20: 37 New
    +2
    GDP began to finish homeland
  18. drei612
    drei612 26 September 2013 21: 54 New
    +3
    They are pumping money out of the budget, supposedly to raise the plant and the whole short period. The same thing happened with the transmash, but the indicators are exaggerated.
  19. starhina01
    starhina01 26 September 2013 23: 24 New
    +2
    I do not like it all smacks of diversion soldier
  20. Nikaviz
    Nikaviz 26 September 2013 23: 43 New
    +1
    Professionals will be fired .... they will recruit guest workers .... And you will have a bow and arrows ... laughing