Military Review

Victor Vodolatsky: "The Cossacks want to help the state to restore order"

51
Victor Vodolatsky: "The Cossacks want to help the state to restore order"

Who can be counted among the Cossacks, how Cossack formations reduce the risk of inter-ethnic clashes in southern Russia and how Cossack communities live abroad, told the Voice of Russia the supreme ataman of the Union of Cossack troops in Russia and abroad, Viktor Vodolatsky.


Guest in the studio "Voices of Russia" - Viktor Petrovich Vodolatsky, supreme ataman of the Union of Cossack troops in Russia and abroad, member of the State Duma of the Russian Federation, member of the State Duma Committee on Defense, chairman of the Commission on the spiritual, moral and patriotic education of children and youth Council under the President of the Russian Federation inter-ethnic relations.

Kosachev: Good afternoon, morning or evening, dear listeners of the radio station "Voice of Russia". With you, as always, I, Konstantin Kosachev, the head of the Federal Agency for CIS Affairs, compatriots living abroad and international humanitarian cooperation, the special envoy of the Russian president for relations with the CIS member states.

With undisguised pleasure, I introduce my guest, a competent interlocutor. Firstly, because we have known each other for a long time and until recently were colleagues in the State Duma. Secondly, because this person is really highly competent in a field that is of direct interest to our audience.

So, Viktor Petrovich Vodolatsky - State Duma deputy, chairman of the subcommittee on patriotic education of children and youth, interaction with the DOSAAF and public organizations of the State Duma Committee on Defense, chairman of the Commission on spiritual, moral and patriotic education of children and youth of the Council under the President of the Russian Federation on interethnic relations.

If I am confused, correct me. But the most important thing (and in this capacity, I would especially like to introduce Viktor Petrovich Vodolatsky) is the supreme ataman of the Union of Cossack troops in Russia and abroad.

Vodolatsky: Good health to all. For the Cossacks - great day, Cossack brothers!

Kosachev: In our conversation, I would like to go from the general to the particular. Some questions I will ask, already knowing the answers to them, some - even without assuming that you will answer. How to say: Cossacks or Cossacks?

Vodolatsky: Cossacks - for those who descend from the Don Cossacks, and this is 10 from 11 Cossack troops of Russia. Kuban - Cossacks, they come from the Cossacks.

Kosachev: How many Cossacks are now in Russia, around the world? Do you, as I understand it, are the main Cossack of both Russia and the whole of Russian abroad?
Vodolatsky: Today in the state register of the Russian Federation there are 780 thousands of Cossacks who have assumed obligations to carry the civil service. Considering the latest data, which was voiced by Alexander Dmitriyevich Beglov, Chairman of the Council for Cossack Affairs under the President of the Cossacks, there are more than 7 million Cossacks living in Russia and scattered around the world.

Kosachev: What does the Cossacks concept include? What is it - nationality, profession, vocation, hobby? What is Cossacks for you?

Vodolatsky: I always say: on the topic of Cossacks and Cossacks today written 28 doctoral dissertations and 136 candidate. None of them gives a clear definition. I always use the definition of my famous countryman Mikhail Alexandrovich Sholokhov, who in the work “The Quiet Don”, for which he received the Nobel Prize, said: “The Cossacks are kept from the Cossacks”.

В stories Russia in the Soviet period said that the Cossacks were fugitive peasants who fled serf Russia to the outskirts and created Cossack groups there. But all studies show, then this is a lie. The fugitive peasants could not create powerful troops that did everything to make Russia grow to the size it has today.

In the capture of Azov, which is inscribed in golden letters in the history of Russia, 5 thousands of Cossacks opposed the 230-thousandth Turkish army. The conquest and development of Siberia - Ermak, Dezhnev and Atlasov. In Kamchatka, the Far East, in Siberia there are graves of Cossacks. As Leo Tolstoy said, "Russia grew by the graves of Cossacks."

In modern Russia, this is a subgroup of the Russian people, and the head of the Federal State Statistics Service of the Russian Federation spoke about this, when in the census two columns for the Pomorians and Cossacks were taken separately to calculate how many Russian people are in the Russian census.
After Peter I, the Cossack military class was instituted, before that, the Cossacks in the census sheets of the Russian Empire were listed as people along with Russians, Ukrainians and others.

Kosachev: That is, it stopped only after the revolution, with the Soviet authorities?

Vodolatsky: No, it stopped after Peter I.

Kosachev: The 780 thousands that you just mentioned are voluntary registration, is it the will of those who took the census, or your organization has its own registers, the Union of Cossack troops, maybe they are maintained by troops? I know that you were until recently the ataman of the Great Don Army. How is Cossack accounting organized in Russia?

Vodolatsky: Each Cossack undertakes a voluntary obligation to bear the civil service, fills out a registration card from the 11 types of civil service by presidential decree, chooses what he likes. This is either the protection of public order, or the education of the younger generation. This is a Cossack education - we have a developed system of Cossack cadet corps, where we are raising true patriots of modern Russia. This and issues related to the municipal service.

Each army keeps such records - the register, and it all comes down to the general database of the Presidential Council for Cossack Affairs, which is headed by Alexander Dmitrievich Beglov. 780 thousand - it's all the Cossacks who are at the disposal of the head of the presidential council.

Kosachev: Is it possible to say that all these 780 thousands are active, conscious Cossacks, each of whom takes his responsibility with full responsibility? Or is there, as often happens, your asset, your passive, your formalists? Is it possible to exclude a person from this registry if he does not fulfill his obligations?

Vodolatsky :: It is always possible to exclude - and for violation as well. But, naturally, it cannot be excluded from the Cossacks, because a man is a Cossack by birth. And from the Cossack society - yes, you can exclude. Likewise, a Cossack can be accepted into a Cossack society, who assumes obligations or agrees with the charter that the President of the Russian Federation stated earlier, today the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation.

Naturally, in every organization there are members who are engaged in vigorous activity, and those who work in production. These are teachers, agricultural workers, municipal employees. Cossacks are engaged in all areas of activity.

But, if, God forbid, something happens, we always stand in line and are always ready to come to the aid of the president as supreme commander and the whole of Russia. Today it is the most active part of the citizens of our great Russia.

Kosachev: How is the status of the Cossacks, the Cossack movement in the Russian Federation regulated by law?

Vodolatsky: If we take the federal level, there is Federal Law No. 154 "On the State Service of the Russian Cossacks", the State Duma adopted it in the 1995 year, then it was amended. There are 11 decrees of the President of the Russian Federation, 38 regulatory acts of the Russian government.

By the way, the government of the Russian Federation has an authorized body to work with the Cossacks - this is the Ministry of Regional Development of Russia, where there is a separate department that conducts concrete work with the executive authorities on interaction with the Cossacks.

As for the territory of the subjects of the federation, today there are 432 regulatory legal acts in various regions of the Russian Federation, where Cossack troops of Russia are active. Of the 83 subjects in 76, Cossack society is actively working and developing.

Kosachev: How consolidated are the structures that exist in various regions of the Russian Federation? Are they united in a common Russian structure, or are they competing with each other?

Vodolatsky: In the 1996 year, I believe, there was an artificial division of the Cossacks into public and registered, when the Cossacks were united. After the introduction of these legal documents, the Cossacks were divided: some wanted to be active participants in the civil service, and public organizations remained.

Today in the Russian Federation there is a clear division: some Cossacks in the register are historical Cossack troops (the 10 Cossack troops of Russia, the Urals remained outside of Russia - in Kazakhstan). And there are public organizations that are on the territory of Russia, they are united by two structures - the Union of Cossacks of Russia (headed by Pavel Filippovich Zadorozhny) and the Union of Cossack troops in Russia and abroad, which I head.

There are few Cossack communities at the municipal level - there are about 600 such organizations. In any case, they are at the regional level in the registry. It is this division of the Cossacks (we share it ourselves, no one forces it) that led to the fact that today there is no clear consolidating force. Although there are talks among the Cossacks in order to create an association of public Cossack organizations in the near future, so that there are two powerful platforms that the President of Russia could count on, this is the state register and the public Cossack formations of Russia. I think we will come to this.

The best option is that on the territory of any municipality there should be one structure, one Cossack community. There is a civil service - we are sending there, to the army, to the forces of public order, there is no civil service - the Cossacks are returning to their community.

Kosachev: Are there any exemptions or special privileges for the Cossacks compared to other citizens of the Russian Federation? The right to special forms of self-organization, the right to wear uniforms and weapons? Are there any points that distinguish the Cossacks in terms of the norms of the current legislation?

Vodolatsky: They exist, but not economically, but socially. If we talk about economic development, all citizens of Russia are united. If, for example, we are talking about the protection of natural resources, some kind of tender is being played out, then the Cossacks participate in it on the same basis as any organization.

As for the social rehabilitation of the Cossacks, the President of Russia handed a banner to each army in the St. George Hall of the Kremlin (no structure, except the Ministry of Defense, ever received banners). Cossacks have received such honor. The most symbolic was the fact that in the St. George Hall the names of Cossack formations that received St. George’s banners are stamped on the plates, and it was in this Hall that the descendants of these Cossacks received banners from the President. I was a participant in this event, and it will remain in my memory for a lifetime.

There is a presidential decree, a government decree on the resolution of carrying cold weapons, along with the form, the creation of security companies by Cossack troops. This is a certain “privilege”, but we ourselves undertake these obligations, we ourselves want to help the state in restoring order, in educating young people, in the fight against drug addiction and crime.

When they say, they say, why it is given to you, we say: please go out to the streets, guard public order, nobody forbids you. We live on our land and want to see peace and order where our wives, children, grandchildren live.

Kosachev: Another very difficult question. It is associated with the situation in the south of Russia. It is known that issues of inter-ethnic, inter-cultural, inter-religious tension look different in a different way than in many other parts of the Russian Federation.

To what extent are the Cossacks - organized, unorganized - hampered by these contradictions? As far as they are at the epicenter of events, are they forced to take upon themselves the first blow of those contradictions that could potentially break Russian society?

Vodolatsky: Yes, this is a very difficult question. For more than 10 years I was the deputy governor of the Rostov region and the ataman of the Don Cossacks, I was always at the epicenter of the events that were in the east of our region, those clashes that qualified as domestic, but I know that they were not domestic.

Those nationalities who lived and live on the territory of the Stavropol, Krasnodar Territories - their youth were not brought up in the traditions, ideology, customs of the Chechen, Dagestan, and Ingush peoples. When there is no single ideology of upbringing, when we have not raised a single political nation of Russian citizens, and such clashes occur.

Kosachev: Is it rather a conflict not between nations, but between generations who do not know their fathers' own traditions and customs?

Vodolatsky: Of course. The Cossacks always rise, go to the place to restore the status quo, restore order, prevent clashes between the local, indigenous people and those who came there. Communicating with young people, I always say that when they come to the territory of the Don, Kuban, Terek, they come to the good-neighborly territory. We are always open to all - peace, good, well-being. But you need to know our traditions, culture, customs, not to violate them. Only then will we understand each other.

The Presidential Council on Interethnic Relations began this work. But the most important thing, I think, one of the main tasks of my commission is to educate the younger generation. There are good professionals among us.

It turned out that during the year 23 in the Russian Federation there was no national idea. In the Russian Empire, she was - for the faith, the king and fatherland. In the Soviet Union was the construction of a bright future - communism. And most countries now have a national idea.

For the education of the future nation, the political nation of Russia, we have developed one of the variants of the national idea - to live according to conscience for the good of the Fatherland. If people in the south of Russia, in the North Caucasus, will behave like this, then there will be no inter-ethnic or interfaith conflicts.

When we hold world Cossack congresses, when Cossacks come from 38 countries of the world, they tell about their ancestors. As you know, in the 1920-ies was the outcome of the Cossacks. They say that before the revolution, for example, in the Caucasus, the treasury was developed, when the elders of the highlanders and the cossacks sat at one table and determined the order of living on their land. I think we should return to this form of work, and everything will be fine.

Kosachev: At one time, the idea of ​​patrolling the streets of large Russian cities by Cossacks caused a public outcry and discussion. How do you feel about such an initiative?

Vodolatsky: The idea is not new. On the territory of the Great Don Cossacks, starting from 1999, the regional law on the Cossack militia operates. 1300 Cossacks on the territory of the Rostov region, 800 Cossacks on the territory of the Volgograd region go every day to patrol their farms, villages, cities. There are 10 equestrian units.

Three years ago, the Kuban, thanks to the governor Tkachev, followed this example: a thousand Cossacks of the Kuban today go to the protection of public order. They went further than on the Don: the retainers increased their salaries, provided them with uniform, supplied them with special means.

Kosachev: Is the patch coming from the state?

Vodolatsky: From the budget of the region, region, region. This is a Cossack territory, and the population that lives there, regardless of nationality, understands that this is natural when Cossacks in uniform, together with the police, go to the protection of public order. One precinct on 10 farms, arrives once a week. And people come to the local chieftain, the squad leader with their troubles and problems.

But when patrols are introduced in territories that are not originally Cossacks, when in Moscow, yes, there are Cossacks, retired officers, municipal, regional, federal figures who came from the Don, Terek, Kuban, Ural, Siberia, they live here, work - but for a megacity Cossack patrols are unnatural. Public - yes, please, civil - yes. But the Cossack - they are unnatural in Moscow, Petrozavodsk, in the Ivanovo, Tambov, Kostroma regions.

The Voronezh Region is a part of the territory of the Don Cossack Army, the Stavropol Territory, the Sverdlovsk, Chelyabinsk, and Orenburg Regions — well, unconditionally. When in the territory of the Federation, where historically Cossack troops were, municipal Cossack guards work with the police, this is great, it reduces crime, especially street crime, reduces the number of crimes against the person, juvenile crime. In Moscow, this practice, unfortunately, does not take root.

Kosachev: I agree. Now the question which, I think, will be of particular interest to our foreign listeners. You are the chieftain, the leader of the Union of Cossack troops in Russia and abroad, so the question is about the foreign Cossacks. From what roots does it come, from what sources? How does it feel now, in the 21st century?

Vodolatsky: The historical beginning of the Cossack abroad is tragic. In the 1920-e years there was a civil war, there was a resolution of Trotsky-Sverdlov to completely destroy the Cossacks. Then Don, Kuban and Terek were drenched in blood, hundreds of thousands of Cossacks died, from small to large, not only adult men, but also children, old people. When you read archival information - my heart bleeds from the way they destroyed our ancestors, my ancestors.

After the victory in the Civil War of the Red Army, most of the Cossack formations, they are whole corps, regiments left the Crimea. We remember the famous poems of the Don poet Turoverov “We ​​left Crimea”. Cossacks scattered around the world. At first they stopped on the island of Lemnos and, thanks to Leonid Petrovich Reshetnikov, we are very grateful to him for restoring all the archival documents, the graves of the Cossacks of the Kuban and Terek.

Imagine: 18 thousands of Don Cossacks and 26 thousands of Kuban landed on the bare, windswept island of Lemnos, many there and found their graves. Naturally, many were with their children, wives. When you read tombstones - the daughter of the есsaula such-and-such, four years old, there she found her last refuge. Cossacks stood on the shore of this island and did not know where to go. Novocherkassk remained behind, Don, the graves of their ancestors, they were left alone.

Gallipoli - a considerable Cossack corps landed there, several tens of thousands, they survived and went around the world. In the 38 countries of the world, the Cossacks found their home, work. These are Germany, Austria, Czech Republic, USA, Chile, Paraguay, Argentina.

We, in honor of the memory of Ataman Platov, the hero of all the Cossacks, the hero of World War 1812, decided to hold the first world convention of the Cossacks. Everything was impromptu, they decided to gather, and many came to worship their land.

Many were in Russia for the first time, the Cossacks came from Australia. We learned from them that a lot of cultural heritage, Cossack heritage today are scattered in museums, private collections around the world. When I became an ataman of the Union of Cossack troops in Russia and abroad, I determined one of the tasks for myself: it was the consolidation of Cossack forces outside Russia, so that they never break off contact with their homeland. Although they were born abroad, this is already the third generation, but they should know and feel where their homeland is, that Cossack roots are here, in Russia, in the south of Russia, in Siberia, in the Far East.

I think the descendants are very grateful to us today, because we restored, found the graves of our ancestors. They knew that, for example, there is the stanitsa Elizavetinskaya. The daughter-in-law of the ataman of the Kuban army, Pivnev, arrived, found the graves of her relatives — her uncle, aunts, who were buried there.

It was amazing to be around: you are standing and looking at the sobbing woman. She says: Mom told me that it was from this place, from the Church of the Transfiguration, that they left in carts with all the belongings, left Don. They took away icons, literature, banners, banners, archives - everything was taken away.

Kosachev: Somewhere it is now collected?

Vodolatsky: Yes. There is, for example, how we call it House Ermakova - this is our compatriot, who comes to congresses, to congresses of compatriots. He lives in New Jersey, USA, he has a four-story mansion, in which not only the Cossack archives, but also the archives of the First World War are concentrated.

A few years ago, compatriots appealed to the President of the Russian Federation, then they were Dmitry Medvedev, to present these archives as a gift to the Russian state, so that this building would become the center where people could come to feel the connection with their homeland. Unfortunately, this question still remains open, and I hope, Konstantin Iosifovich, that with your help we will still bring it to its logical conclusion.

Kosachev: I will be happy to do it.

Vodolatsky: There are archives, the legacy of the Don army in Belgium, in the museum of the armed forces of Belgium there is a separate hall of the Don army. We, thanks to Konstantin Nikolaevich Khokhulnikov, republish Cossack Abroad - the works of our poets and writers. When you read poems, poems, stories of Cossack writers, you understand that they are relevant today, for modern Russia.

There is pain for Russia, compassion, feelings about what is happening in Russia, there is deep patriotism, spirituality, love for one’s fatherland. They left when they were 20 years old, but they carried love for Russia throughout their lives. These works need to educate young people, and we will do it.

If there is also state assistance - it was this time, the IV World Congress was held with the help of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, with the support of the Council under the President of the Russian Federation. I think that Dmitry Nikolayevich Kozak, who is the representative of the presidium of the World Cossack Congress, was convinced that this is an important work. This is people's diplomacy.

What happened, for example, in South Ossetia? Oblig everything that happened there. The Cossacks in Brussels came out with posters, we sent them all the materials. They showed who started the war. These people are not associated with Russia. They were born in Europe, they study there, live, occupy excellent positions - from the Deputy Minister of Culture of Bulgaria to the heads of law enforcement agencies of their countries. But they all came out with posters, with photos, because they are Cossacks. They showed who started the war against the South Ossetian people.

This popular diplomacy must be developed and strengthened. And the state represented by structures that are engaged in international and cultural cooperation should work more actively in this direction.

Kosachev: My guest in the studio was Viktor Petrovich Vodolatsky - the supreme ataman of the Union of Cossack troops in Russia and abroad, actively and professionally representing the interests of Russian and foreign Cossacks in the State Duma of the Russian Federation.

As always, I was with you, Konstantin Kosachev, the head of Rossotrudnichestvo, the special representative of the President of Russia. Watch us, listen to us, argue with us, but most importantly - be with us. See you again on the air!

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  1. smel
    smel 26 September 2013 15: 42 New
    +9
    The history of the Cossacks of the Russian Empire is really a story that you can be proud of and that you need to cherish. But the current Cossacks except a smile does not cause any emotions.
    1. Vadivak
      Vadivak 26 September 2013 15: 50 New
      14
      Quote: smel
      But the current Cossacks except a smile does not cause any emotions.


      So give a chance, let them restore order in the Caucasus. Moreover, there is such a tradition
      1. Gari
        Gari 26 September 2013 16: 23 New
        +2
        In anticipation of a major war, Soviet power restored Cossack units in the Red Army by 1936.
        Comrade Stalin knew what he was doing.
        And the Cossacks did not disappoint. Cossack units went through the entire Great Patriotic War and entered Berlin.
        1. Mitek
          Mitek 26 September 2013 21: 45 New
          +1
          Quote: Gari
          In anticipation of a major war, Soviet power restored Cossack units in the Red Army by 1936.
          Comrade Stalin knew what he was doing.
          And the Cossacks did not disappoint. Cossack units went through the entire Great Patriotic War and entered Berlin.

          You're right. But that was more than half a century ago. Thanks to those Cossacks and eternal memory .. And now the Cossacks are mummers of clowns who are raped for debts, which even in their home they can’t put things in order.
    2. smile
      smile 26 September 2013 15: 54 New
      +5
      smel
      You are not quite right, almost the namesake :))) In the south of the country it does not cause a smile. If we approach the issue seriously, it is quite possible to turn it into a significant factor. They finally got state support, I hope the Cossacks can handle it.
      1. Shkodnick
        Shkodnick 26 September 2013 16: 20 New
        +5
        smile
        You are right. In the south this is a good help to local law enforcement agencies. Moreover, they are more proactive in those matters. Where the paid police do not rush. It was like when the Cossacks were on Kamaz. After breaking through the gates to the mansion of the Gypsy drug dealers. They arranged for them ... Such cases are full. I myself am from Novocherkassk. The capital of the Cossacks and saying smel about a smile I think is inappropriate ...
        1. smel
          smel 26 September 2013 21: 22 New
          +2

          Shkodnick
          I myself am from Novocherkassk. The capital of the Cossacks and saying smel about a smile I think is inappropriate ... [/ quote

          I was born in Krasnodar, grew up on the Don, I live in Rostov-on-Don. Great-grandfathers and great-great-great-great are all Cossacks from Zadon-Kagalnik and Kastirka. The grandfather after the manifestation of the present Cossacks (despite his very Cossack origin) did not call them clowns in any way. The reasons for this are the sea. Well, and since I have been fighting hard, I can’t remember where and when from this tribe I helped at least once in the battle. So everyone in this matter has his own idea of ​​the essence of the current Cossacks. He came to Novocherkassk for Easter. Looked at this .... current representatives. Monument of reconciliation ... I don’t even want to talk. The only guys who have earned respect are Tersky in Pyatigorsk on Victory Day. So I said what I think and know, and not what many would like to see here from me
  2. smile
    smile 26 September 2013 15: 48 New
    10

    Of course, the Cossacks can benefit Russia, especially in the south of the country, becoming there a counterbalance to the expansion of some ill-educated citizens of Russia and the most important factor contributing to the pacification of these ill-educated-who such Cossacks militant highlanders remember very well, and fear them at the genetic level. And, of course, the Cossacks must be supported. The main thing is that it does not turn into an operetta army, a tool for making money for the Cossack elite, or in formations that anyone could use for anti-state purposes. I hope they can handle it.

    True, I would like to slightly reproach Vodolatsky, half of the Cossacks sided with the Bolsheviks, especially the poorest part. He tactfully kept silent about this .... for some reason ... it's not so simple as he argues here, comrade urgently reread Tikhiy Don :))) And most of all Cossack blood was shed by Peter 1, whom the comrade does not swear .. . also for some reason ... :)) Yes, and the figure of 7 million looks doubtful. although I will not argue.
    1. Vadivak
      Vadivak 26 September 2013 15: 54 New
      +4
      Quote: smile
      And most of all, Cossack blood was shed by Peter 1


      I wanted to make of the Cossack serfs and they rebelled. The truth then backtracked
  3. Gari
    Gari 26 September 2013 15: 57 New
    +1
    The Cossacks are a special estate with its own traditions, customs, privileges, the main task of which was military service and border protection. In its position, it was a privileged social group with great military experience. Cossacks arose in the XIV – XVI centuries. and became the defender of the borders of the country and the pillar of the state in the fight against external enemies. For their service, the Cossacks received land that was owned by the Cossack community. In military service, the Cossack was obliged to appear on his horse, in his uniform and equipment, with his knives, which was burdensome for many households. But in addition to participating in hostilities, one of the most important aspects of the Cossack service was the development of new territories for Russia
    The influence of the Cossack community on the history of Russia has always been quite significant. And this applied both to military operations and to political ones.
    Too free people are not used to being subordinate.
    it was difficult to find a replacement for such a universal military unit. After all, the Cossacks seemed to be born in the saddle, they were the best riders who exclusively possess all the skills of jigitovka. Military experts rightly believed that a better cavalry than the Cossack in the world can not be found.
    The enemy was afraid of Cossack sabers. Wield these knives as deftly as the Cossacks wielded, no one else knew how.
    1. Gari
      Gari 26 September 2013 16: 07 New
      +1
      Widespread development of Siberian territory by the Russians began in the 1582th century. As a result of the defeat of the Kuchum Siberian Khanate by a detachment of Cossacks led by ataman Ermak Timofeevich in 1585-XNUMX. and the foundation by the Cossacks of a number of fortifications, fortifications and fortresses, a real opportunity appeared to open the shortest route to Siberia. . Many of the fortresses and fortresses set by the Cossacks also became cities over time, the most famous: Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk, Khabarovsk, Yakutsk, Verkhne-Udinsk.
      The role of the Cossacks is great in the development and defense of the Far East.
      Well, of course, the South from the Crimea to the Kuban and Volga.
      1. Vadivak
        Vadivak 26 September 2013 16: 22 New
        +4
        Quote: Gari
        Ataman Ermak Timofeevich in 1582-1585.


        And in the Caucasus, 1801–1864. with the Turks in 1828–1829 and in 1853–1856, with the Persians in 1827–1829, with the Hungarians in 1849.

        The Donskoy’s army was granted the white St. George’s banner with the inscription: “For the exploits of the Donskoy’s troops in the campaign to pacify Hungary and Transylvania * in 1849”
        1. Gari
          Gari 26 September 2013 16: 56 New
          +2
          Quote: Vadivak
          And in the Caucasus, 1801–1864. with the Turks in 1828–1829 and in 1853–1856, with the Persians in 1827–1829, with the Hungarians in 1849.


          On October 10, 2005, in Yerevan, a memorial to the Cossacks who died during the Russian-Turkish and Russian-Persian wars of 1826–27 was opened and consecrated near the church of the Russian Orthodox Church.
          On the memorial plate is written: "Cossacks of Russia from the grateful Armenian people." After the monument was unveiled, a volley of weapons was fired.

          The construction of the memorial was funded by the Armenian community of Rostov and the support of the Yerevan City Hall.
          The ceremony was attended by Russian ambassadors in Yerevan and Armenia in Moscow, Rostov Region Governor Vladimir Chub, Rostov-on-Don Mayors Mikhail Chernyshev and Yerevan Yervand Zakharyan, as well as the Minister of Territorial Administration of Armenia, the head of the National Security Service and the head of the Armenian police.
          Speaking to the audience, E. Zakharyan noted that the monument was erected in the same place where the Cossack regiment was previously stationed, “whose soldiers died in the war for Armenian lands.”

          “This is another proof that the friendship between Armenia and Russia is eternal, and today we have put another stone in the foundation of our friendship,” E. Zakharyan emphasized.

          For his part, V. Chub noted that “it’s very touching when two centuries later, on the ground, stained with blood, a memorial is erected in honor of the Cossacks and Armenians who defended their freedom and independence here.”
  4. tlauicol
    tlauicol 26 September 2013 15: 59 New
    +3
    Victor Vodolatsky: "The Cossacks want to help the state to restore order"
    What do they want in return? I would have agreed to the end. Land, privileges, privileges, weapons, self-government? People want to figure out what the catch is
    1. Shkodnick
      Shkodnick 26 September 2013 16: 30 New
      +6
      Do you see self-interest in everything? Yes, even if they are allowed a firearm.
      But Chechnya, which receives considerable money. Benefits, if only it would not create another hotbed of tension. Does it hurt you? I consider it necessary to empower the Cossacks with law enforcement powers, as they tried to do in the Stavropol Territory.
      1. tlauicol
        tlauicol 26 September 2013 16: 36 New
        +4
        land and work is not a pity, let the Russians work better than ... but arms and authorities or powers, if requested, I would think a hundred times. when in the "legal" state some estates are more equal and more right than others - this usually ends in a big disaster
    2. alone
      alone 26 September 2013 19: 42 New
      +4
      Quote: Tlauicol
      What do they want in return? I would have agreed to the end. Land, privileges, privileges, weapons, self-government? People want to figure out what the catch is


      Yes, there’s no catch. It’s just a reasonable question. The Ministry of Internal Affairs is responsible for the order, internal troops, sober, riot police, secret police, etc. If you count everyone
      it is a huge force. How effective is this huge force when the Cossacks already wanted to restore order in the country?
  5. a52333
    a52333 26 September 2013 16: 03 New
    11
    Cossacks of the Stavropol Territory (especially) have been in the border zone for the last decade. It is advisable to legally prescribe the possibility of maintaining self-defense units.
    1. Vladimirets
      Vladimirets 26 September 2013 16: 06 New
      +5
      Quote: a52333
      It is advisable to legally prescribe the possibility of maintaining self-defense units.

      With possession of military small arms.
    2. Gari
      Gari 26 September 2013 16: 10 New
      +3
      The manifesto given by Emperor Nicholas II to the entire Don Army:
      “From the very first times of its existence, the glorious Don Army began loyal service to the Kings and the Fatherland. Tirelessly pursuing the bright goal of the then formidable power of the State of the Russian Cossacks, with its heroic breasts, they guarded its borders and helped expand its limits ...
      The Don Cossacks acquired the immortal glory and gratitude of the Fatherland. Expressing our special royal favor, we affirm all the rights and privileges granted to him by our deceased ancestors in Bose ... ”
    3. zanoza
      zanoza 26 September 2013 17: 34 New
      +7
      Quote: a52333
      Cossacks of the Stavropol Territory(special)....


      Here it is "special". I believe, continuing your thought about the "frontier" that the Cossacks of North Ossetia were then "in the rear of the enemy."
      Cossack villages and cities (they still have not changed their names), in the old days, were located much south of the current territory of Stavropol.That's just the population in them was replaced by highlanders. hi
  6. New Russia
    New Russia 26 September 2013 16: 04 New
    +3
    "Vodolatsky: Good health to all. For the Cossacks - great fun, Cossack brothers!" A clown, like all current "Cossacks", a mumbled cock. Instead of idiotic old words and Cossack dances, he must defend the Russians! "Kosachev: Rather, it is a conflict not between nations, but between generations who do not know their own traditions and customs of their fathers?
    Vodolatsky: Of course. "No comment. Be silent until it explodes, only it will be too late for you)
    1. Shkodnick
      Shkodnick 26 September 2013 16: 50 New
      -2
      how to protect? to assemble a detachment and fly with whips to the palaces of the oligarchs?
      1. New Russia
        New Russia 26 September 2013 17: 14 New
        +6
        Historically, the Cossacks did not protect this land from the oligarchs and did not lick the ass of the enemies of the people as they do now. Where were they in Chechen? In the Stavropol Territory? Instead, they praise one worthless man who gave the star a hero Kadyrov from whom they were supposed to protect people
        1. Arabist
          Arabist 26 September 2013 17: 19 New
          -4
          You are a much more worthless person than the subject of your criticism.
          1. New Russia
            New Russia 26 September 2013 17: 26 New
            +5
            What are you) I am not responsible for the troubles of many people as the subject (and not the subject) of my criticism) And I do not pretend that the whole country loves me (news with his participation does not cause anything except laughter))
            1. Arabist
              Arabist 26 September 2013 17: 29 New
              -1
              The school teacher does not know that the subject is animate, and the object is inanimate? Books must be read, not Putin scolding days on end.
              1. New Russia
                New Russia 26 September 2013 17: 36 New
                +4
                Well, I have a day off fortunately for people like you last)
                1. Arabist
                  Arabist 26 September 2013 17: 38 New
                  -1
                  And such people teach our children and grandchildren. The fool will remain a fool.
                  1. New Russia
                    New Russia 26 September 2013 17: 41 New
                    +3
                    Say thank you that at least such people are taught for that kind of money) You are not the kind of person whose opinion can offend me)
                    1. Arabist
                      Arabist 26 September 2013 17: 44 New
                      -2
                      I never let schooling interfere with my education. Mark Twain. You need to learn yourself, no teacher or teacher will teach everything.
                      1. New Russia
                        New Russia 26 September 2013 17: 50 New
                        +6
                        Yes?) And now the children do not want to study, they are only interested in the computer and partying
                      2. Arabist
                        Arabist 26 September 2013 17: 53 New
                        -3
                        I am not responsible for this, it is the task of the parents of these children. That is why there are so few truly educated people. Under the USSR, the situation was similar.
        2. Arabist
          Arabist 26 September 2013 18: 50 New
          -3
          And who is this unsung hero who is so generous with minuses? And yet it does not matter to anyone.
  • RUSS
    RUSS 26 September 2013 16: 38 New
    +7
    We have a double opinion and attitude towards the Cossacks, different assessments of historical events, in today's Russia the laws for the Cossacks are "raw" incomplete and incomplete, and therefore the Cossacks are "no longer guards, but not yet military." If the Cossacks are to be revived, then the Cossack really must be a Cossack-defender, a warrior of the fatherland, a farmer, and the Cossacks have neither one nor the other.
  • dmb
    dmb 26 September 2013 17: 02 New
    14
    Rarely stupid law on the Cossacks. Let's leave the story alone, for no one disputes the merits of the Cossacks in defending the borders until the 20 century. But back to the realities of today. Vodolatsky himself does not know, Cossacks, who is this? Nationality?. Then let's recall the Constitution and give privileges to all nationalities, including Russians. Including the creation of armed units. The subsequent massacre of the land and the rest of the mat. values ​​in the context of the slogan of power: "Get rich", it’s easy to imagine. And not the fact that she dwell in the republics of the North Caucasus. Under such conditions, the division of good lands between the Rostov and Voronezh regions is quite predictable. What is United Russia there. If the Cossacks are an estate, we don’t have them, and again the damned Constitution, which speaks of equality. As for the public service, it should exist in the interests of the whole society, and by no means of individual groups of the population. How this notorious combatant-Cossack should differ in this service, not a Cossack from a combatant. Anticipating the cries of "zealots of piety," please, in the responses, provide your opinion on these issues without reference to Ermak, Taras Bulba and Kozma Kryuchkov.
  • RUSS
    RUSS 26 September 2013 17: 02 New
    -1
    Quote: Tlauicol
    land and work is not a pity, let the Russians work better than ... but arms and authorities or powers, if requested, I would think a hundred times. when in the "legal" state some estates are more equal and more right than others - this usually ends in a big disaster

    Without weapons, a Cossack is not a Cossack, who likes it or not.
  • Ivanovich47
    Ivanovich47 26 September 2013 17: 07 New
    +2
    In 1 World War, the enemy fled in panic when he saw the attack of the Cossack lava. These were the most combat-ready units of the Russian army. The revolution and the Civil War went by the fire wheel to the Cossacks. These are the most bitter pages of the Russian Cossacks. Modern Cossacks revive the best traditions of their ancestors.
  • I'm Russian
    I'm Russian 26 September 2013 17: 12 New
    +4
    There was everything, but do not forget that Peter the Great brought order to the Cossacks in 1709, since before that the hetmans were used to "fishing in troubled waters" and running from Poles to Tatars, from Tatars to Russians, from Russians to Turks, and at the same time to receive bonuses everywhere. And no one knows exactly how much it took between 1943-1944 with the Germans.
    1. воронов
      воронов 26 September 2013 18: 49 New
      -2
      Quote: Russian
      , since before that the hetmans used to "fish in troubled waters" and run from the Poles to the Tatars, from the Tatars to the Russians,

      You might think that Russian princes and boyars did not run, then there were such times, read the story laughing
    2. воронов
      воронов 26 September 2013 18: 53 New
      -3
      Quote: Russian
      .And exactly how many went to 1943-1944 with the Germans no one knows.

      And how many of our soldiers, commanders, and generals in 1941 in the first months of the war simply surrendered without being wounded and with weapons?
  • RUSS
    RUSS 26 September 2013 17: 22 New
    -3
    Quote: Ivanovich47
    In 1 World War, the enemy fled in panic when he saw the attack of the Cossack lava. These were the most combat-ready units of the Russian army. The revolution and the Civil War went by the fire wheel to the Cossacks. These are the most bitter pages of the Russian Cossacks. Modern Cossacks revive the best traditions of their ancestors.

    I recently read about the village of Kushchevskaya, where the Cossacks overthrew the Nazis in the 43rd, horseback attack, Cossack lava, and now Kushchevskaya what is known to many? That's right -Comrade companions. I would like to see a film about this event.
    1. RUSS
      RUSS 28 September 2013 09: 32 New
      -1
      And minus for what? Because I want the film to be shot about the battle in Kushchevskaya in the 43rd?
  • Kinza
    Kinza 26 September 2013 17: 47 New
    10
    From some provisions of the article it follows that the Cossacks are not part of the Russian people - "Cossacks from the Cossacks are being conducted." Moreover, they speak Russian, are Orthodox, and anthropologically identical to the Slavs (with some exceptions when, for example, the Bashkirs were recruited into the Cossack units). In fairness, I must say, not all Cossacks think so, in any case, not most of them. Cutting yourself off the Russian umbilical cord is a dangerous path. If only because the ill-wisher has the opportunity to play on the contradictions: armed non-Russian, whose weapons can always be turned against the bulk of the population - "Look - they are non-Russian, but they have weapons, but you don’t!" Well, something like that.
    I think that "Cossack" separatism and "Ukrainian" separatism have the same anti-Russian root. It would be much more correct to understand the processes of restoration of the Cossacks in line with the idea, according to which, from the total mass of the Russian people, some historically formed part is allocated (but not isolated), which is called upon to protect and protect it, including on the southern borders of the state, for which, of course, relies on privileges. Such as, for example, carrying weapons, etc.
  • saag
    saag 26 September 2013 17: 56 New
    +4
    Quote: RUSS
    Quote: Ivanovich47
    In 1 World War, the enemy fled in panic when he saw the attack of the Cossack lava. These were the most combat-ready units of the Russian army. The revolution and the Civil War went by the fire wheel to the Cossacks. These are the most bitter pages of the Russian Cossacks. Modern Cossacks revive the best traditions of their ancestors.

    I recently read about the village of Kushchevskaya, where the Cossacks overthrew the Nazis in the 43rd, horseback attack, Cossack lava, and now Kushchevskaya what is known to many? That's right -Comrade companions. I would like to see a film about this event.

    Yes, and I want to ask what there in Kushchevskaya all this time the Cossacks did?
  • RUSS
    RUSS 26 September 2013 18: 03 New
    -5
    Quote: saag
    Quote: RUSS
    Quote: Ivanovich47
    In 1 World War, the enemy fled in panic when he saw the attack of the Cossack lava. These were the most combat-ready units of the Russian army. The revolution and the Civil War went by the fire wheel to the Cossacks. These are the most bitter pages of the Russian Cossacks. Modern Cossacks revive the best traditions of their ancestors.

    I recently read about the village of Kushchevskaya, where the Cossacks overthrew the Nazis in the 43rd, horseback attack, Cossack lava, and now Kushchevskaya what is known to many? That's right -Comrade companions. I would like to see a film about this event.

    Yes, and I want to ask what there in Kushchevskaya all this time the Cossacks did?

    Unfortunately, NOTHING.
  • saag
    saag 26 September 2013 18: 05 New
    +7
    Quote: Kinza
    It would be much more correct to understand the processes of restoration of the Cossacks in line with the idea, according to which, from the total mass of the Russian people, some historically formed part is allocated (but not isolated), which is called upon to protect and protect it, including on the southern borders of the state, for which, of course, relies on privileges. Such as, for example, carrying weapons, etc.

    Cossacks, if my memory serves me, were engaged in border protection while being in the military service of the state, and since at present they are Cossacks who are not in military service, therefore they have no right to claim weapons other than hunting or civilian
    1. v.lyamkin
      v.lyamkin 27 September 2013 07: 56 New
      +1
      The only thing is that in the Caucasus it would be worth returning to the historical structure of the Cossacks, perhaps even calling them to public service in some thoughtful way.
      1. RUSS
        RUSS 27 September 2013 14: 00 New
        -1
        As an option to consider, an analogue of the National Guard
  • Gur
    Gur 26 September 2013 18: 06 New
    +5
    If you revive traditions, it’s very good, but if you create as a punitive detachment of the migration service and a lynch detachment that can act outside the framework of the UN, as many hint at this is banditry. Well, if there is a normal legal framework and education, it will be of use to them. AND
    The Cossacks is a special estate with its own traditions, customs, privileges, the main task of which was military service and border protection.

    Military service and border protection - and some are trying to assign the work of the police to the Cossacks, I explain why not. To work with the population, you need to know and abide by the laws. Legal acts. Constitution. Criminal code. This is a legal education at least. take out your cellphone to take it off and say on what basis, and he’ll whip you in the face and no one knows if he could do it or not. And HERE is the border, yes, here’s the hell with your enemies there it’s all clear who chopping who is not and there would be help to Russia at the borders. As for the order in the regions, this should be asked from the authorities and the police.

    In the end, I want to tell my opinion. In Russia, there is a reliable support, the army and the navy want the Cossacks to help the country, they need to help them organize (uniform, insignia, weapons, laws) and please, on a rotational basis or otherwise hot spots, border, and you can patrol if I need a street but with a police representative. But it’s like I am a Cossack, so it’s dangerous to go to a store with a saber. I tell my story I go at night in 1999 in the Kuban between settlements to the nearest town 35 km there is a rusty seven one man with a saber and waving in his hat he stops with a whip, I have a mixed family and I have the appearance of a “Caucasian” at 2 o’clock for a night the thought is immediately like that with my mug I don’t like him right away (and he’s not a traffic cop) I didn’t stop in short he rode 35 km for me at the post The traffic police was a patrol, I jumped out to them, waved a saber in their eyes in my direction and was still drunk but the traffic cops didn’t let me chop, of course, but he calmly sat down and left for sure, I wouldn’t like that. To prejudice, I have good friends in the Cossacks whom I respect very much.
    1. воронов
      воронов 26 September 2013 18: 43 New
      -2
      Quote: Gur
      still was drunk but the traffic cops didn’t let me cut of course

      The family is not without a freak. And where are they not?
  • RUSS
    RUSS 26 September 2013 18: 07 New
    -4
    Quote: New Russia
    Historically, the Cossacks did not protect this land from the oligarchs and did not lick the ass of the enemies of the people as they do now. Where were they in Chechen? In the Stavropol Territory? Instead, they praise one worthless man who gave the star a hero Kadyrov from whom they were supposed to protect people

    With a pitchfork or something to fight the Cossacks?
  • saag
    saag 26 September 2013 18: 31 New
    +5
    Quote: RUSS
    With a pitchfork or something to fight the Cossacks?

    To the nearest draft board :-)
    1. Shkodnick
      Shkodnick 26 September 2013 19: 08 New
      0
      yeah, and that for the year 6 rounds for Kalash ... fighting fighter
    2. RUSS
      RUSS 27 September 2013 13: 54 New
      0
      How is everything, just a draft board and all? How to hunt?
      Cossacks fought without military commissariats both in Serbia and Abkhazia and in Chechnya!
      The authorities do not need regular Cossack troops.
  • воронов
    воронов 26 September 2013 18: 39 New
    +1
    Quote: smel
    But the current Cossacks except a smile does not cause any emotions.

    And you come to our Kuban and try to smile, only many do not smile anymore, but pay tribute to the Cossacks, who, together with the police, put things in order at least at train stations, airports and other public places and some of the zealous like you smiling and crying laughing
    1. Shkodnick
      Shkodnick 26 September 2013 19: 09 New
      +1
      everything is interesting to me. who minuses for the facts?
  • asadov
    asadov 26 September 2013 19: 05 New
    +2
    It’s bad that the state remembers the Kazakh when he needs help desperately. What in tsarist, what in Soviet times. Yes, and now too.
  • Shkodnick
    Shkodnick 26 September 2013 19: 24 New
    +2
    Quote: New Russia
    Historically, the Cossacks did not protect this land from the oligarchs and did not lick the ass of the enemies of the people as they do now. Where were they in Chechen? In the Stavropol Territory? Instead, they praise one worthless man who gave the star a hero Kadyrov from whom they were supposed to protect people


    The 694th separate motorized rifle battalion (“named after General Ermolov” - unofficially) was the ONLY volunteer unit of the Russian army participating in the hostilities to free Chechnya from terrorists. The battalion was formed from Terek Cossacks!
  • Sorry
    Sorry 26 September 2013 23: 53 New
    +4
    What can they (Cossacks)? Never mind. Remember the village of Kushchevskaya that opened there. And they raped their wives and daughters, extorted money and killed. And all this was not in one day. Has a gang of guest performers come running and frolic? No, they were the indigenous inhabitants of this village, which means the Cossacks, and kept the village in this regime for decades. And who was in the police and the prosecutor's office, because they are also local. And where were all these chieftains with their whips, sabers and general's stripes and colonel epaulets? And today, walking through the cities, villages, villages of the Cossack regions, too, you can find so many outrages, but these only go about in their stripes, and they eat vodka and that's it. Armenians and other migrants will soon become the majority of the population of the South of the Russian Federation. Corruption in migration authorities and other burials is evident. So clean up the gentlemen of the Cossacks. In short, they hang noodles on their ears, they can’t fucking. Hang on the neck of a simple person another useless structure.
  • MIKHAN
    MIKHAN 27 September 2013 00: 13 New
    +1
    The Cossacks is an ideology .. Educated since childhood (at any time under arms for a short time) for this land financing benefits .. self-government ... And most importantly, those who are ready to die for Russia! And the majority did just that .. And during the revolution, the Tsarist Empire stood to their deaths ... because they were true to the oath .. and against the troubles! This I according to Sholokhov judge well, and to other sources .. Then they had something to die for! ..! Now, I don’t know, not that .. something ..
  • Vladimir M.V.
    Vladimir M.V. 27 September 2013 09: 26 New
    -1
    Cossacks - fornicators and mummers, not the Orthodox army
  • RUSS
    RUSS 27 September 2013 13: 51 New
    0
    Quote: RUSS
    Quote: Ivanovich47
    In 1 World War, the enemy fled in panic when he saw the attack of the Cossack lava. These were the most combat-ready units of the Russian army. The revolution and the Civil War went by the fire wheel to the Cossacks. These are the most bitter pages of the Russian Cossacks. Modern Cossacks revive the best traditions of their ancestors.

    I recently read about the village of Kushchevskaya, where the Cossacks overthrew the Nazis in the 43rd, horseback attack, Cossack lava, and now Kushchevskaya what is known to many? That's right -Comrade companions. I would like to see a film about this event.


    Friends hoe put cons?
  • RUSS
    RUSS 27 September 2013 13: 57 New
    0
    Quote: RUSS
    Quote: saag
    Quote: RUSS
    Quote: Ivanovich47
    In 1 World War, the enemy fled in panic when he saw the attack of the Cossack lava. These were the most combat-ready units of the Russian army. The revolution and the Civil War went by the fire wheel to the Cossacks. These are the most bitter pages of the Russian Cossacks. Modern Cossacks revive the best traditions of their ancestors.

    I recently read about the village of Kushchevskaya, where the Cossacks overthrew the Nazis in the 43rd, horseback attack, Cossack lava, and now Kushchevskaya what is known to many? That's right -Comrade companions. I would like to see a film about this event.

    Yes, and I want to ask what there in Kushchevskaya all this time the Cossacks did?

    Unfortunately, NOTHING.


    Negative, but the Cossacks didn’t do anything there, refute it?