Suvorovskoye "It is hard to learn - easy in battle" has not lost its relevance in the age of electronics, laser range finders and robotics, which cannot be mastered without simulators. Unfortunately, until recently, not every military unit could boast of modern means of training. And now, it seems, the situation has begun to change. Soon, a promising training center will open near Nizhny Novgorod, in the creation of which the German company Rheinmetall took part.
There are no analogues to the created new combat training center. It will be equipped with the same training systems and complexes, which are being trained in the most modern training centers of the Western armies. Up to the organization of "live training" - tactical exercises in real terrain with personnel, training in training facilities in a single virtual space, where the brigade commander sees all of his subordinates, directs them.
Up to KSHU with brigade
The construction of such a center is now being completed near the village of Mulino. And in Tver, in turn, on the basis of the Academy of Aerospace Defense, technical means for it are developed and debugged. The main task of such training centers is to prepare a serviceman-specialist: driver, gunner, commander of a combat vehicle, etc. They are taught to perform functional duties, so that later in the troops a person quickly goes through periods of coordination in the squad, crew, crew.
But the purpose of the Combat Training Center is much broader. He must quickly prepare to perform tasks for the purpose of not only a single fighter, but also entire units, up to the connection. Coordination is carried out with the use of information technology with the imitation of any climatic weather conditions. Let's say you don’t have to wait until winter comes, if you need to learn how to act, for example, in the Arctic.
In other words, the center will begin to prepare the compounds to perform any tasks that may be assigned, with the development of the entire range of tactical actions. After all, the team arrives in Mulino with its weapons in full force. Each year, up to nine combined-arms brigades will pass through the center of combat training.
In general, up to six thousand people will be able to attend the center simultaneously. For the brigade there will be a ready-made equipped camp, where each tent is a dwelling for a company equipped with air conditioning and heating systems, that is, everything necessary so that the soldier does not feel deprived and can start training as soon as possible.
To conduct bilateral exercises with laser shooting simulators, a real “enemy” will act - in the staff of the Combat Training Center there is a battalion of support for the training process, formed from contract servicemen. In this case, the characteristic tactics of actions of foreign units will be applied. Thus, the trainees provided real opposition to the composition of a well-trained unit. Here, the targets are no longer just rising and falling, but the “real” enemy is firing. This means that a fighter can be “wounded” or “killed”, which will necessarily be displayed on displays, pushing trainees to change their behavior on the battlefield.
And finally, simulators. The training complex includes a motorized rifle or tank a battalion with all the reinforcements that can be given to it: artillery, air defense units, anti-tank unit, army aviation. This is a full-fledged complex, which allows not only to harmonize the types of troops within the species, but also to conduct interspecific training.
Better than in the Bundeswehr
For some reason, it was felt that the foreign specialists are building the combat training center. In fact, the groundwork is taken from the existing and created by domestic science and industry. All training tools are produced by Russian enterprises. With regard to foreign equipment, the German company "Rheinmetall" produces a system of laser simulation of shooting and destruction. At the same time, during the creation of the Combat Training Center, we give it the opportunity to improve. That is why the system, which is now operated in the Bundeswehr, in its capabilities is significantly inferior to the equipment created by the Germans for our center.
When training at the training complex, the commander will be able to fully show his initiative, include thinking, apply non-standard techniques, in general, be creative in performing tasks. Make any maneuver, detour, coverage - all in the power of the commander. The highlight is that in a short time he is able to work out several options for performing a combat mission.
In the US Army, there is such an experience when special brigades imitate the actions of a potential adversary, and quite specific ones. But NATO forces have a specific adversary. That is, fulfilling real tasks now, say, in Afghanistan, they face a real enemy there. Accordingly, units are created under this opponent. We now have no real enemy. In our center for the enemy, as already mentioned, a battalion will be operating to ensure the learning process. I think, if necessary, the domestic industry is able to sew a form of clothing that the enemy wears to change people. We can also get samples of weapons and military equipment that are in service with it in order to prepare the fighters for real perception of the battle.
Yes, and our experience in Afghanistan, we should not lose, and lay it in the training program. To this end, the center staff has created an educational and methodological department, which will study the domestic and foreign military experience, implement it in practice.
For "debriefing" in the center created a whole division - a group of analysis and analysis. In a short time, it will help to identify the most characteristic mistakes, positive moments when performing tasks, to prepare a qualitative analysis of the actions of the students. To this end, the kit of the Combat Training Center will include six special vehicles, in which there is an equipment that receives and displays information. From the exercise control center, this data will be sent to the machines in real time. Thus, the trainees will immediately receive the necessary tips and assessments of their work. In the meantime, the commander, conducting a lesson, must memorize how the personnel acted, in order to then try to conduct an analysis. The center will record video images of military actions and other statistical information. Then it all comes together in the parsing materials.
Given the number of brigades available and the capacity, the brigade will be trained every two years at the Combat Training Center. Subsequently, if we develop a method of preparation, we will be able to shorten these periods.
The center is created in two stages. The first is the development work on the creation of a basic kit that allows the preparation of a battalion. In particular, the system of laser simulation of shooting and defeat, allowing to fight a company to the company, trainers company to the company for training. In such a volume, the Combat Training Center must be ready for December 1 of the current year. The second stage - the ability to prepare the brigade in full force, the term - 1 December 2014-th. That is, from next year we will launch the center in full.