Military Review

It is necessary to form a new kind of Armed Forces

13
This should be the approach to ensuring the security of the Russian Federation in the aerospace sphere.


The creation in 2011 of a new kind of troops of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation - the Troops of the East Kazakhstan Region assumed the closure of the issue of responsibility for the creation of the aerospace defense system of Russia. However, the implemented variant of structural changes of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation did not allow to fully ensure the unity of responsibility for the construction of the aerospace defense throughout the country, to organize a single command of troops (forces) solving the tasks of the aerospace defense in the strategic, operational and tactical levels of command, to eliminate duplication in the work of military management.

The current military-political situation in the world once again clearly demonstrates the desire of Western states to achieve their goals by military means. To achieve them, various forces and means are launched: from the actions of trained terrorist groups to massive strikes aviation and cruise missiles. Of course, the Russian Federation cannot be compared with Iraq, Libya or Syria - it is the only world power that possesses nuclear potential commensurate with the United States and is capable of destroying them. However, the scenarios of military conflicts of recent years, as well as trends in the development of weapons of war should be taken into account during military development.

It is necessary to form a new kind of Armed Forces

One of the most important of these trends is the qualitative development of the aerospace attack (SVKN), which allows achieving military objectives with minimal losses. In the interests of enhancing the capabilities of the airspace enemy in the Russian Federation, a system of aerospace defense is being created, by which is meant a combination of organizationally and technically interrelated forces and means that ensure the solution of the enemy's aerospace attack attack under a single plan and plan, under a single command, in a single combat control circuit.

Work is being done in the direction of both improving the weapons and military equipment of the East Kazakhstan region, and organizing the troops and defining the rational structure of the Armed Forces. Thus, one of the most important steps of the military-political leadership of the country in the field of aerospace defense was the formation in 2011 of a new kind of troops of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation - the East Kazakhstani Army. This made it possible to solve one of the main tasks contributing to the construction of the aerospace defense - to form a strategic body of military command - the command of the troops of the aerospace defense responsible for the creation of the aerospace defense system based on the integration of air defense systems and missile defense.

At the same time, the implemented version of the structural changes of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation did not allow to fully ensure the unity of responsibility for the construction of the aerospace defense throughout the country, to organize a single command of troops (forces) solving the tasks of the aerospace defense in strategic, operational and tactical levels of command, to eliminate duplication in the work of the military administration.

The half-heartedness of the decisions leads to a large number of publications on this topic, which consider two alternative approaches to the organizational construction of the RF Armed Forces, troops (forces) solving the tasks of the East Kazakhstan region.

The first approach is to create a new type of Armed Forces - the Aerospace Forces (VKS). The second is the further development of the kind of troops, the Armed Forces, and the creation of the Armed Forces - Armed Forces.

Proponents of the first approach believe that the construction and development of the aerospace defense system on an already existing (established in the air force) base will make it possible to create the aerospace defense system of the country with the least time and material costs. In this case, the VKS will be assigned both percussion and defensive tasks.

It should be noted that the interspecific nature of military operations at the strategic level is not in doubt. Strategic operations are planned and carried out under the direction of the Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation or the front commander. However, this does not at all mean the expediency of uniting all the troops (forces) participating in the operations into a single universal type of the Armed Forces. Guided by this approach, it is possible to substantiate the need to unite the Strategic Missile Forces, long-range aviation, and the naval component of the strategic nuclear forces, including the EKR Troops in one form operating in a single control system. Or, on the basis of joint actions to defeat enemy targets, include in the Air Force Missile Forces and artillery.

In addition, it should be noted that the formation of the VKS will lead to the excessive consolidation of this type of Armed Forces, entrusting the commander-in-chief of the VKS with a wide range of diverse tasks of building and using aviation, the EKR Troops and space forces and facilities. This is unlikely to provide targeted effective construction of the East Kazakhstan oblast administration system and its application, it will require another review of previously adopted decisions.

In our opinion, the main criterion for deciding on the choice of a variant of the structure of the troops is to ensure the best conditions for the construction of the aerospace defense system and to solve the tasks facing the troops.

These tasks include:

  • the first is participation in nuclear deterrence by timely warning of "decapitating" and "disarming" nuclear strikes and the protection of the strategic management system and the SNF facilities against them;
  • the second is to protect the state border of the Russian Federation in the airspace, control the airspace and prevent violations of its use. Space control;
  • the third is the aerospace defense of troops and objects during local (regional) wars.

    All three groups of tasks are solved by the defensive component of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation - the troops (forces) of the East Kazakhstan region.

    From the standpoint of the construction of the aerospace defense system, the best conditions will be created when the main forces and means of the aerospace defense of the Russian Federation are subordinated to one official and personal responsibility for organizing the aerospace defense throughout the country is assigned to him. The experience of successful construction of the country's Air Defense Forces showed that during the period of 70 – 80-s of the last century, weapons systems of anti-aircraft missile and radio engineering troops, fighter aviation, and rocket-space defense were created, that is, the material basis of the country's aerospace defense was built.

    The most important factors, among others, that contributed to the successful development of air defense and missile defense during this period were the organizational unity of the Air Defense Forces and the Russian Space Strategic Service and the personal responsibility of one official, the commander-in-chief of the Air Defense Forces for creating systems and solving air defense and airborne defense problems. In subsequent years, the positive role of this factor was not taken into account in the course of the ongoing reforms of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. During the last fifteen years after the liquidation of the Air Defense Forces and the transfer of the Air Defense Forces and Strategic Missile Forces troops to various types (branch of the armed forces) of the RF Armed Forces, practical work on the creation of the country's aerospace defense was frozen by interdepartmental contradictions that arose in solving the problems of the aerospace defense. It resumed only with the formation of the Armed Forces of the East Kazakhstan region.

    The aerospace defense system is a complex organizational and technical system that includes the following interrelated subsystems: reconnaissance and warning of an aerospace attack, destruction and suppression of SVCNs, comprehensive support and control. Experience in creating such complex systems shows that the basis of all scientific research and activities carried out in the interests of the development of the aerospace defense of the country should be a systematic approach, involving the complex development and use of all forces and means solving the problems of aerospace control under the unified leadership.

    Creating a system of the East Kazakhstan region is a complex task that requires the targeted allocation of substantial material and financial resources, and the optimization of their use for creating subsystems. Its effective solution in conditions when, in fact, it is necessary to restore the aerospace defense system and carry out its further development, it is possible only under the supervision of one official directly subordinate to the Chief of the General Staff.

    Consideration of the problem of choosing the optimal structure from the standpoint of ensuring the effective execution of tasks also demonstrates the preference of the second approach.

    When solving strategic deterrence tasks, all reconnaissance assets on the territory of the Russian Federation intended to warn about “decapitating” and “disarming” strikes by ballistic and aerodynamic means must be located in a single control loop, act under a single command and issue information to a single warning path. In this case, a single control loop and unified command are necessary to ensure the requirements for the reliability of information and the time it was communicated. After the decision has been taken, the response is conducted by the Russian strategic nuclear forces, for the effective use of which a special control system has been created.

    In terms of solving the task of protecting the state border of the Russian Federation in airspace, controlling the airspace and preventing violations of its use, controlling outer space, the second approach is also preferable, since the solution of this task does not involve the impact forces and is carried out only by defensive means.

    However, at present the task of organizing the protection of the state border in the airspace of Russia and controlling its use is actually distributed between the commander of the EKO and the commanders of military districts, which contradicts the principle of unity of responsibility for the fulfillment of the tasks of EKR and does not contribute to its effective solution.

    The subordination of all troops and aerospace defense forces to the Commander of the East Kazakhstan Air Force, that is, the creation of an organizational structure similar to the Air Defense Forces of the country, will ensure sole responsibility for the solution of this task.

    In the course of a local (regional) war, combat operations are conducted by interspecific groups, actions are being planned and carried out to protect their troops and objects and to destroy enemy troops and objects. As applied to the aerospace sphere, the striking actions are conducted by the Air Force, the Navy and the Missile Forces and artillery from the Ground Forces, and the defensive are conducted by the troops (forces) of the East Kazakhstan region.

    Such a character of actions does not dictate the need to include troops in the Air Force of the East Kazakhstan region. Rather, on the contrary, it shows the expediency of the development of the troops of the EKR in a single form, with the responsibility for solving the tasks of the aerospace defense of the troops and objects on the Commander of the EKR Troops. At the same time, in our opinion, it should be possible to decentralize the control of the troops (forces) of the East Kazakhstan region with their transfer by the decision of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation to the operational subordination of the commander of the military district.

    In this case, the Commander of the Armed Forces of the East Kazakhstan region must ensure the solution of the complex of the problems of the East Kazakhstan region in the rest of Russia. In addition, the most important task of the Commander of the East Kazakhstani Armed Forces in organizing the Airborne Troops of troops and facilities in the theater of operations, given the real balance of forces of the parties in strategic areas, is the strategic regrouping of forces and facilities of the East Kazakhstan region to the area of ​​military conflict.

    One of the arguments put forward in substantiating the need for the creation of HQs is that multifunctional aviation complexes of operational-tactical aviation, capable of affecting both air and ground and sea targets, arrive at the armament of aviation.

    These aviation complexes are a universal aviation platform that allows them to be transformed into an interceptor fighter, bomber or naval aircraft capable of hitting naval targets. However, to do this, it is necessary to prepare the flight crew accordingly (there are no universal pilots), to have appropriate specific weapons (air-to-air, air-to-ground missiles, etc.).

    In reality, the entire resource of these complexes should be divided in advance into the above tasks and the corresponding sets of aircrews and armaments should be formed. From these positions, it is necessary to separate these complexes into solving shock tasks (in the structure of the Air Force) and defensive tasks (in the structure of the East Kazakhstan Army).

    The argument in favor of the first approach is the experience of military construction in developed foreign countries.

    However, the real experience of the organization of air defense appears only as a result of the generalization of real hostilities to protect a particular state from the means of air attack. Few countries have this experience. During the Second World War, Germany, Great Britain, and the USSR gained considerable experience in solving air defense tasks. Russia is one of such countries. Egypt, Syria, Israel, Vietnam and a number of other countries have gained practical experience in air defense during local wars and armed conflicts. The analysis of this real practical experience of the organization of air defense says that a single air defense should be created within the country, headed by one official responsible for the defense of the objects of economic and military potential.

    In many countries of the world there is no independent type of armed forces that solves only the tasks of air defense. The development of air defense is carried out, as a rule, within the framework of the ground forces and the air force. This is explained by only one factor - an insignificant compared to the Russian Federation territory, which must be protected from the enemy air.

    And the experience of organizing US air defense is not an example for us to follow. For them, the threat of air attack is scanty. Despite this, the established system of the East Kazakhstan Region of the North American “Norad” continues to actively develop as an independent organizational and technical system.

    One of the arguments in favor of the creation of the VKS is the preservation of the system of forms of use of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation that has now been established. In our opinion, it is important not to preserve the system of forms of use of the Armed Forces, but their further development in the interests of the effective use of troops (forces), including those solving the tasks of the aerospace defense.

    For the practical implementation of the second approach to the creation and application of the East Kazakhstan Oblast system, in our opinion, it is advisable to carry out the following organizational measures.

    1. Kind of forces of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation - the Armed Forces of the East Kazakhstan region converted into a type of the Armed Forces - the Armed Forces of the East Kazakhstan region

    2. To transform the commands of the Air Force and Air Defense into operational commands of the East Kazakhstan region, removing the air bases from their composition. To enter the formed command in the structure of the troops of the East Kazakhstan region

    3. To transform the command of air defense-missile defense in the operational command of the aerospace defense.

    4. Brigade of EKR (Air Defense) to reorganize into corps (divisions) of EKR with the transfer of part of the forces of fighter aviation.

    5. To create a unified control system for fighter aviation that solves the problems of aerospace defense by transferring the corresponding points of guidance to the corps (divisions) of aerospace defense.

    In general, the analysis shows the feasibility of the formation of a new type of Armed Forces on the basis of the EKR Troops - the EKR Army. This will allow to create a unified management system of the aerospace defense that meets modern requirements, to ensure unity of responsibility for the construction and development of the aerospace defense of the Russian Federation, the use of troops (forces) of the aerospace defense in the person of the commander-in-chief of the aerospace defense forces.
  • Author:
    Originator:
    http://vpk-news.ru/
    13 comments
    Information
    Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

    I have an account? Sign in

    1. Tarpon
      Tarpon 25 September 2013 15: 09 New
      +1
      Of course it is necessary!
      1. Army1
        Army1 25 September 2013 15: 42 New
        +3
        Article +, well, air defense missile defense alone cannot be defeated, and we always win the enemy, it’s very difficult to bombard our territory with hundreds and thousands of missiles and the whole valiant American fleet will have to be filled with tomahawks depriving it of ANTI-AIR abilities. Thanks to the ancestors that we are now and are developing.
        1. eplewke
          eplewke 25 September 2013 15: 51 New
          +1
          Than to drown the MIR station in the Pacific Ocean - it would be better to make satellites down from it a military station. Anyway, a huge military satellite would have turned out ... winked
          1. Ulysses
            Ulysses 25 September 2013 16: 02 New
            +4
            Station "Mir" has developed all operational resources.
            All good things, sooner or later come to an end (in the form of a guaranteed lifetime) Alas
            Next, the game begins with the lives of the astronauts.
          2. andrei332809
            andrei332809 25 September 2013 16: 06 New
            +6
            Quote: eplewke
            How to stoke the MIR station in the Pacific Ocean

            no, there were problems above the roof. I was on a business trip in Moscow when the signatures were being collected against the drowning of the Mir. Of course, he set his own, and then the specialists tied to these topics explained to me that the repair of this object and maneuvers in orbits would cost such a penny that it was easier to collect a new one. True, they did not give money for a new one ...
            1. slacker
              slacker 26 September 2013 09: 35 New
              0
              Again, reform, again new states, layoffs, new offices, apartments, cars ... I'm afraid that in the heat of bureaucratic fuss, the baby will splash out along with water.
          3. Russ69
            Russ69 25 September 2013 16: 54 New
            +2
            Quote: eplewke
            Than to drown the MIR station in the Pacific Ocean - it would be better to make satellites down from it a military station. Anyway, a huge military satellite would have turned out ...

            Its content was already costing more than building a new one. Mir has served several of its terms. But it’s also impossible to exploit it forever.
            And if he had flown so far, many would have shouted that our cosmonauts were flying in the junk of the 70s ...
            1. mirag2
              mirag2 25 September 2013 16: 58 New
              0
              And besides, the echo of Moscow would have exploded shouting that everyone over whom the station flies is subjected to unlimited risk, etc. etc.
    2. andrei332809
      andrei332809 25 September 2013 15: 13 New
      +2
      when you regret Chelomei ...
    3. zao74
      zao74 25 September 2013 15: 18 New
      0
      It is high time, 50 years in space, but there are no troops yet.
    4. 787nkx
      787nkx 25 September 2013 15: 28 New
      0
      It's time for Yudashkin to order a new form.
    5. SAG
      SAG 25 September 2013 15: 35 New
      +1
      As I understand it, the main weapons systems of the East Kazakhstan region will be C-500 и MiG-31M
      1. mirag2
        mirag2 25 September 2013 16: 59 New
        +1
        Rather, some radars + satellites.
    6. Free Island
      Free Island 25 September 2013 15: 39 New
      -3
      it seems that not only the magnetic poles of planet Earth are changing, but also the geopolitical poles :)))))))) if the Americans used to carry their "democracy" to the world, democratizing selectively exclusively oil-producing countries, now it’s Russia’s turn to carry its bureaucracy :)) ) you have no bureaucracy? then we fly to you :))) our ball!)))
    7. mithridate
      mithridate 25 September 2013 15: 45 New
      0
      it's high time
    8. sq
      sq 25 September 2013 16: 04 New
      +1
      Article +. Although in my opinion not only or, rather, not so much the problems of the aerospace forces themselves are affected, but the eternal problem of communication and coordination between units.
    9. KazaK Bo
      KazaK Bo 25 September 2013 16: 53 New
      +1
      The formation of a new type of ARMED FORCES is primarily due to the fact that we want to or not ... ironic ... or just call it fantasies and inadequacy, but we come to reality in "star wars". And the development of science and technology, in essence, begins to blur the boundaries between air defense and anti-space, since air targets acquire the characteristics of space attack weapons and, accordingly, vice versa. And this is for today ... but one does not have to live in today's tasks ... and look ahead not for a month and a year, but for decades.
      Creation of aerospace defense is not a subjective justification, but an objective demand of time.
    10. Normal
      Normal 25 September 2013 17: 44 New
      +1
      It is necessary to form a new kind of Armed Forces

      Of course you must! But who will do it? Existing types are barely recovering from the AF reforms. We won’t start the mace in any way. PR and propaganda replace the real construction of the armed forces and rearmament. And then a new kind of Armed Forces ....
      Money will be allocated not measuredly, they will be planted with the money of the next manager-manager with a good tie and raking hands. The topic will be spread, and the output, as always with the current ones, will be a zilch and the president’s statement that the loss of a couple of yards is not theft, but only "not efficient use of funds"
      1. bask
        bask 25 September 2013 17: 55 New
        +1
        Quote: Normal

        Of course you must! But who will do it? Existing types are barely recovering from the AF reforms.

        I agree Normal: they will plunder, they will saw everything on a horse.
        It is necessary to form a new kind of Armed Forces

        Before creating a new type of troops, it is necessary to carry out a 100% rearmament program for the Russian Army.
        To defeat, or at least 50% reduce corruption; then you could think of such an over-cost program.
        1. Normal
          Normal 25 September 2013 18: 27 New
          +1
          Quote: bask
          Win, or at least 50% reduce corruption

          Well, we have it like two fingers ...! Are you defeating inflation? Have won! (through its non-recognition and understatement in official reports)
          So defeating corruption is easy! The president’s words are enough and corruption will creep down sharply.
          Look, there is no corruption in the Oboronservis case! In any case, she did not affect the former Minister of Defense. Already a success! You left a comment on the discussion of the article? Here! The beginning of the “fight” against corruption has been laid! Got it? laughing
          1. bask
            bask 25 September 2013 18: 46 New
            +1
            Quote: Normal
            oronservis "corruption is gone! In any case, it did not affect the former Minister of Defense

            Yes posted - ,, oil painting ,,.
            And it’s even better, walkers from the internal organs, to gentleman Taburetkin ,, with a bow ***** MSSSSSSSSSS *******. hi
            N.Nekrasov.
            "" Here is the main entrance. On festive days
            Obsessed with servile disease
            The whole city with some kind of fright
            He drives up to the treasured door. ""
            You can’t say better than a classic.
    11. Ascetic
      Ascetic 25 September 2013 18: 03 New
      +2
      Why did it become necessary to unite air defense forces (working in the atmosphere) and air defense forces (working in space)? Because it is necessary to organize counteraction to hypersonic shock aircraft that appear in the near future, GZLA can operate at altitudes from 30 to 120 km, that is, both in the atmosphere and in outer space. Therefore, in modern conditions aerospace theater Therefore, the need has ripened to create a single complex to combat these weapons- aerospace defense forces. For this, it was decided to organizationally integrate the air defense and rocket and space defense systems into a common aerospace defense system. The rest from the evil one, as they say, is the type or type of troops, the main thing is that it is ONE rigidly centralized in command and control in a single information space . For this level
      The governing body of the aerospace defense system should be only strategic. To do this, work out ways to jointly use forces and means of air defense and missile defense in the still scattered structures, so that in the future they can be extended to the entire system of the Russian aerospace defense and the status of the command of the aerospace defense forces to a strategic level. S-500) joint actions of the air defense and missile defense forces are realistically possible (head section of the aerospace defense)
      Now At the operational and tactical level, the command and control of the air defense formations of the air force and air defense associations, fighter aircraft, military air defense and fleet air defense forces remains practically autonomous. The same autonomous control of air defense and missile defense formations, that is, aerospace defense due to the lack of a common automated system, remains in the created aerospace defense troops. In such conditions, it is impossible to implement the integrated use of various forces and means of both air defense and aerospace defense and the principle of concentrating the main efforts on protecting the most important objects of the Russian Federation, as well as on covering the main groupings of troops (forces) and objects of the armed forces.
      At present, in Russia there really is a “departmental” air defense system and an autonomous missile defense system. In the “departmental” system, the air defense forces and forces are divided by types and arms of the Armed Forces and carry out their special tasks. In each type and type of troops of the Armed Forces, air defense of their specific objects is organized. The commands of the East Kazakhstan area troops and the Air Force and Air Defense associations organize defense of the country's facilities (the highest bodies of state and military command, strategic nuclear forces, energy, infrastructure, military industry, environmentally hazardous and other objects) within their borders. Within the framework of combined-arms operations, military air defense commands organize defense of the Ground Forces groups, fleet commands - fleet forces. Hence, the shortcomings and inconsistency of the actions of the troops, the multi-stage control reduces their effectiveness. If in Soviet times all these shortcomings were compensated by the large availability of air defense means, their extreme limitations need to go to territorial principle of constructing air defense
      Such a system of air defense (aerospace defense) becomes territorial, in which a common system of defense of the country and aircraft from the air (aerospace) enemy, and not its individual elements, is created. The main system-forming means of this system is a unified command and control system for troops and air defense forces of all types and branches of the armed forces and other departments, subject to the principle of unified leadership and responsibility for organizing and conducting armed struggle against all forces and means of an aerospace attack of the enemy in the entire range of heights and speeds over the entire territory of the state (coalition of states). That is why EKO troops should become a separate type of armed forces under a single strategic command
      1. Airman
        Airman 25 September 2013 23: 19 New
        0
        It doesn’t matter whether it will be a type of troops or a type, the main thing is that the East Kazakhstan region would be able to fulfill its tasks. With our communications and automation capabilities, data will be transmitted slowly, especially for air targets. So, for the South Korean Boeing, the decision was made for a very long time, as a result, shot down over our territory, it fell in neutral waters. But according to Rust, no decision was made at all. Therefore, we need a leader who will be personally responsible for making decisions.
        1. Ascetic
          Ascetic 25 September 2013 23: 55 New
          +1
          Quote: Povshnik
          It doesn’t matter whether it will be a type of troops or a type, the main thing is that the East Kazakhstan region would be able to fulfill its tasks. With our communications and automation capabilities, data will be transmitted slowly, especially for air targets.

          Asbu needs a Strategic Missile Forces type when all orders will be communicated immediately from the CPU to all links and information from the detection tools will flock to the CPU as well.
    12. Hauptam
      Hauptam 25 September 2013 18: 04 New
      -1
      You must first change the concept of modern warfare. Methods and approaches to the construction of the armed forces, the basis for everything will be "Cyber ​​troops and electronic hacking special forces soldier And the troops of the East Kazakhstan region as a derivative, in order for them to slam (physically destroy).
    13. pahom54
      pahom54 25 September 2013 18: 15 New
      +1
      Actually, everything happens according to the philosophical concept of the spiral development of history. We are arriving at the creation of an air defense force (in this case, already an aerospace defense) in an expanded version. From a political point of view, I liked the wording "means of aerospace attack." At the institute in which I once served, star wars (the use of combat platforms with laser guns and rockets) were developed even during the USSR (then there was a race between us and the USA), but then they all lost it .... And the current idea is not bad - to unite in ONE HAND not only the protection of our vast space from air and space threats, but in the same hands to combine the means of an aerospace attack. This is where to recruit the commander and his deputies (at least) not rednecks and thieves, that’s the problem, since finances will be needed a lot, and if they start to cut them even harder, then a good idea and plan will turn into another fake company.
    14. Russkiy_Prapor
      Russkiy_Prapor 25 September 2013 19: 31 New
      0
      Quote: Hauptam
      You must first change the concept of modern warfare. Methods and approaches to the construction of the armed forces, the basis for everything will be "Cyber ​​troops and electronic hacking special forces soldier And the troops of the East Kazakhstan region as a derivative, in order for them to slam (physically destroy).


      Technology is, of course, good, but one hell will have to finish the bayonet of the enemy)))
    15. konvalval
      konvalval 25 September 2013 21: 59 New
      +1
      The Great USSR of the USSR has gained extensive experience in air defense of air borders. It was not necessary to give the construction of the aircraft to stools and pasta, which only knew how to steal. And defense in space and air should be in the same hands. The experience of warfare at all times has shown that interaction and communication were the weakest points.