The new BTR-MDM armored personnel carrier was created at the Special Design Bureau of Mechanical Engineering (SKBM, Kurgan). This machine is designed to solve various transport problems facing the airborne units. First of all, it is transportation of personnel, but transportation of necessary freights is possible. In addition, the design of the BTR-MDM allows it to be used as a base platform for other machines. Thus, in the near future, the new Kurgan vehicle could become one of the main tracked chassis in the fleet of airborne vehicles.
The purpose of the SKBM staff in developing the new armored personnel carrier for the Airborne Forces was the unification of the already existing combat vehicles BTR-MD and BMD-4M. In addition, in the design of the power plant and the chassis of the new armored vehicle uses a large number of components and assemblies borrowed from the infantry fighting vehicle BMP-3M. Due to this, it is supposed to facilitate the development of the production and operation of BTR-MDM armored personnel carriers.
The development of the BTR-MDM armored personnel carrier was launched in 2008, as part of the Shell-M project. Requirements for the new armored vehicle were presented by the Main Armored Directorate of the Ministry of Defense and the command of the airborne troops. Within a few months, the employees of the concern “Tractor Plants” created a project and prepared for testing the first prototype of a promising armored personnel carrier.
According to the results of tests and finishing work, the current appearance of the BTR-MDM armored personnel carrier was formed. The 13,2 tonnage vehicle can carry up to two tons of payload. The main cargo of an armored personnel carrier is a detachment of 13 paratroopers with equipment and weapons. Own crew of an armored personnel carrier - two people. The mass and dimensions of the BTR-MDM allow it to be transported by military transport aircraft and landed using the available parachute systems.
For unification with the existing technology, the BTR-MDM is equipped with the UTD-29 multi-fuel engine with horsepower 500. The engine is coupled with a four-speed hydromechanical transmission. In the applied mechanisms, a power take-off for two jet propulsion units and for a hydraulic system pump drive is provided. With such a power plant, a promising armored personnel carrier has a fairly high power density - about 34 hp. per ton of weight. Thanks to this, the BTR-MDM on the highway can reach speeds of up to 70 kilometers per hour. On a dry dirt road it is allowed to drive at a speed of no more than 50 km / h. In the aft part of the armored hull of the vehicle there are two water cannons, with the help of which it is possible to cross water obstacles by swimming at a speed of up to 10 km / h. Cruising on fuel when driving on the highway is equal to 500 km. In addition, the armored personnel vehicle fuel tanks are capable of providing navigation for up to seven hours.
In the undercarriage of an armored personnel carrier BTR-MDM used some components and assemblies borrowed from combat vehicles BMP-3M and BMD-4M. Due to this, in particular, an armored vehicle with five support rollers on each side can change its ground clearance in the range from 100 to 500 millimeters. Individual hydropneumatic suspension provides smooth movement on any type of surface.
The BTR-MDM armored personnel carrier is equipped with two PKT machine guns. One of them is installed on the turret above the commander's hatch on the roof of the armored vehicle. Its ammunition consists of 8 boxes, each of which fits on 250 cartridges in the tape. In front of the armored hull, at the starboard side, a PKT exchange gun is mounted. His ammunition - 2000 cartridges in two boxes. Embrasures in the boards for firing from personal weapons no landing.
In the existing dimensions of the armored vehicle, as in the case of the previous vehicle BTR-MD, it was possible to fit the troop compartment for the 13 fighters with weapons. Two of them are located on the seats on the sides of the mechanic driver in front of the armored wheelhouse. Behind them in three rows are placed 12 seats, between which there is a passage. The landing and landing of the assault force are made through hatches in the roof and a large hatch at the rear of the troop compartment.
The design of the BTR-MDM armored hull is designed in such a way that, at its base, with minimal changes, equipment of any necessary class can be created, for example, a command-staff or ambulance vehicle.
According to reports, a promising armored personnel carrier BTR-MDM has already been demonstrated to representatives of the Ministry of Defense and the command of the airborne troops. Probably, in the near future, the agenda of the military department will be the question of adopting a new machine for the Airborne Forces. Next year, the Kurgan Machine-Building Plant, where it is supposed that the BTR-MDM will be mass-produced, must hand over to the Ministry of Defense several dozen BTR-MD "Shell" armored personnel carriers. It is quite possible that soon after the fulfillment of this order, the company will receive a new contract, in accordance with which the construction of new armored personnel carriers BTR-MDM will be conducted. The beginning of the production of promising armored vehicles can begin only in a few years, but the prototype of the BTR-MDM will be shown to the general public just a few days ago.
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