Military Review

"Trojan Horse" in a nuclear briefcase. Information wars of the future: what is Russia to prepare for

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"Trojan Horse" in a nuclear briefcase. Information wars of the future: what is Russia to prepare for

In the US Army, the information space is already considered as a battlefield.



When analysts today talk about future wars, they mean clashes no longer of countries and peoples, as in former times, but of civilizations. The problem of civilizations is now so urgent that their interaction against the background of accelerating globalization processes may become an axial problem of the first half of the 21st century. And the information component of armed conflicts is increasingly coming to the fore.

Intercivilizational wars and armed conflicts are considered to be those in which one civilization or a state (coalition) representing it aims to violently destroy another, supplant its historically established culture and lifestyle, implant its own in their place.

FIGHT FOR SURVIVAL

It is believed that the current civilizations are Western, Islamic, Orthodox, Confucian-Buddhist, Hindu, Latin American, Russian, Japanese. Some scholars add to the emerging African civilization. It is believed that in the near future, the main source of conflict will be relations between the West and a number of Islamic-Confucian countries. At the same time, military force will remain the decisive means of resolving inter-civilization conflicts and interstate disputes. But not only she.

In the XXI century, humanity is forced to solve a fundamentally new and completely non-trivial task - how to survive in the conditions of the rampant elements of economic growth and a population of people.

It is already clear that the edge of the problem will focus on solving crises with food, resources, and environmental pollution. In this regard, large-scale work is underway to provide their states with new territories and sources of raw materials, which under certain conditions can turn into a war for survival.

American political scientist Zbigniew Brzezinski proposes a project that encompasses a large-scale expansion against Russia. So, he is not satisfied that Russia still remains the owner of the largest territory in the world, stretching to ten time zones and significantly surpassing American, Chinese or European. He unequivocally hints that it would be nice to limit her territorial property, since, in his opinion, the loss of territory is not the main problem for Russia. Brzezinski advises to decentralize Russia, to dismember it into three parts - European Russia, the Siberian Republic and the Far Eastern Republic. At the same time, the ideologue of American hegemony proposes to hand over the European territory of Russia, China - Siberia, Japan - the Far East, under the control of the Old World.
Another political analyst, Martin Howard, recommends that the rest of the country (including regional leaders) be accustomed to the idea that their peace and prosperity depend not on the regional balance of power, but on the peaceful and undisturbed presence of the United States, whose military resources exceed the capabilities of any of them.

Thus, it can be stated that new, more intense problems have arisen in the present world, which under certain conditions can be the cause of wars and armed conflicts. Only in modern wars, the full potential of a strike falls not on the armed forces and not on the political elite of the enemy, but on its system of command and control weapons, economic objects. At the same time, informational confrontation and ideological influence on the military-political leadership, officers, soldiers, and the population of the opposing country are increasing immeasurably. The strategy of physical destruction of the enemy is increasingly becoming of secondary importance. The idea of ​​violating its psychological stability comes to the fore. In the course of propaganda is - the impact on the minds and feelings of warriors, the civilian population and the government of a hostile state. The effectiveness of the ideological war clearly demonstrated the collapse of the USSR, when the personnel and armament of the Soviet army remained intact, and the country was gone.

In general, as the analysis of numerous studies shows, the thesis of the prevalence of the moral and psychological factor over the physical destruction of the enemy becomes more and more common. The war, even in its traditional form, is seen by military experts not only and not so much by military clashes on the battlefield, as by complex information-technological, cognitive-psychological, virtual-real phenomenon.

According to Western experts, modern war is an information war, and it is won by one whose information systems are more perfect. “Computers are weapons, and the front line is everywhere,” writes American military analyst James Adams in his book The Next World War. The term “information war” itself appeared in the middle of the 80 of the last century in connection with the new tasks of the US armed forces after the end of the Cold War and began to be actively used after the operation “Desert Storm” in 1991. Then, for the first time, new information technologies were used as means of warfare by the multinational forces of the United States and its allies against Iraq.

In November, 1991, General Glenn Otis, the former commander of the US Army Training and Doctrine Command, published a paper that explicitly stated: “From Operation Desert Storm, many lessons can be learned. Some of them are new, others are old. One lesson, however, is truly fundamental: the nature of war has radically changed. The side that wins the information campaign will win. We have demonstrated this lesson to the whole world: information is the key to modern war in strategic, operational, tactical and technical terms. ” Shortly thereafter, the term “information war” was officially enshrined in the directive of the US Department of Defense (December 21 1992 of the year).

MILITARY DAMAGE

Currently, in the US military circles, information warfare refers to actions taken to achieve information superiority in supporting the national military strategy by influencing enemy information and information systems, while ensuring security and protecting their own similar systems.

The assessment of the main directions of such a war is confirmed by the allocation of information forms of confrontation in the programs of the National Defense University of the United States such as EW, the war with the use of intelligence, psychological and cybernetic, the fight against hackers.

Exploring information wars, American analysts introduce the concept of "information superiority" - the ability to collect, process and distribute a continuous flow of information while prohibiting its adversary from using (receiving). Americans, in their conception, raise the question of strengthening the work of integrating information operations into an independent type of combat, along with other operations of the armed forces (from physical elimination to psychological operations against computer network protection systems). In this context, the problem of assessing the military damage inflicted on the enemy by such operations is considered separately. Moreover, assessing them as a promising independent type of combat (due to which the Pentagon hopes to achieve decisive results in the future), the command of the US Armed Forces assumes the introduction of appropriate formations into the armed forces staffed with specialists who have received special training and equipped with modern information weapons.

Information weapons are means of destroying, distorting or stealing information files, extracting necessary information from them after overcoming protection systems, restricting or preventing access to them by legitimate users, disrupting the operation of technical equipment, disabling telecommunication networks, computer systems, and all high-tech tools. social life and the functioning of the state. It is especially dangerous for computer systems of state authorities, command and control of troops and weapons, finance and banks, the economy of the country, as well as for people with information-psychological (psychophysical) influence on them in order to change and control their individual and collective behavior.

Information weapons can be used to initiate large-scale man-made disasters on the territory of the enemy as a result of a violation of the regular management of technological processes and objects dealing with a large number of hazardous substances and a high concentration of energy. At the same time, in its effectiveness it is comparable to OMP.

In 1995 – 1996, high-tech warfare was tested in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In particular, the Predator unmanned reconnaissance vehicles provided information about the location of hostilities in real time, up to and including the actions of an individual soldier. As a result of its computer processing, an exact image of the battlefield was obtained, and instructions were given to destroy the identified targets.

In October, the 1998 of the United States Armed Forces launched the Unified Doctrine of Information Operations, which is a concentrated presentation of the views of the US military leadership on the nature, organization of the impact on the information resources of the enemy and the protection of their own resources from similar influences. As stated in the foreword of the doctrine: "The ability of the US military to preempt or prevent crises and conflicts in peacetime and to win in wartime depends crucially on the effectiveness of information operations at all levels of war and across the entire spectrum of hostilities." It is natural that information technologies were practiced during the NATO aggression in Yugoslavia in the 1999 year.

Defining the features of the information war, US government security expert Richard A. Clark introduces the concept of "cyber war": "These are actions of one nation state with penetration into computers or networks of another nation state to achieve the goals of damage or destruction." The American magazine The Economist describes cyberwar as the fifth war area after earth, sea, air, and space. The importance of readiness to conduct cyber warfare is evidenced by the fact that a whole military unit has been created in the US - the US cyber command.

With the onset of cyberwar, hacker attacks on computer systems and servers of command and control centers, government agencies, financial and business centers will be launched first. This attack will be supported by the activation of computer viruses, primarily “Trojan horses”, “embedded” in the enemy's computer in peacetime. In addition, it is supposed to use special devices that, during an explosion, create a powerful electromagnetic pulse or biological means, like special types of microbes, capable of destroying electronic circuits and insulating materials in computers.

Information sabotage will be conducted with the purpose of unauthorized access to databases, violation of communication lines, theft and copying of information, its concealment and distortion. The effectiveness of hacker attacks showed a case that occurred in the US in 1988 year. Then an American student R. Morris “launched” a virus through the Internet, which for three days (from 2 to 4 in November 1988 of the year) disabled virtually the entire US computer network. The computers of the National Security Agency, the US Air Force Strategic Command, local networks of all major universities and research centers were paralyzed. The damage was estimated at more than 100 million.

The practice of today shows that only one video posted on YouTube can cause riots around the world. And what will happen if there are hundreds, thousands of such videos? They are capable of provoking not only a civil war inside the country, but also cause a world fire. According to Major General Alexander Vladimirov: “Modern wars are fought on the level of consciousness and ideas, and only there and in this way are the most complete victories achieved. The war is being waged by new operational tools that look like modern geopolitical technologies that are informational. ”

And in the opinion of Major General Vladimir Slipchenko: “Possession of information resources in future wars becomes an indispensable attribute, as in past wars, the defeat of the enemy's armed forces, the seizure of its territory, the destruction of its economic potential and the overthrow of the political system.”

FOR WHOM IS THE EXCELLENCE

It is already clear that the information confrontation is the factor that has a significant impact on the very war of the future. The states will solve all their problems not with the help of groupings of troops on the basis of manpower, but with the use of weapons on new physical principles and gaining information superiority.

In an armed struggle, a future victory can be achieved through an information operation, as a result of which the economic potential of the enemy will be destroyed. In the conditions of a destroyed economy, the armed forces are doomed, first, to lose their combat capability, and then to complete collapse. In such circumstances, the political system will inevitably collapse.

This was the case during the armed conflict in Libya in 2011, when the coalition forces of NATO blocked the network information resources of the government of Muammar Gaddafi and exercised control over the Internet-controlled life-support infrastructure and the country's banking system.

Understanding the importance of informational confrontation, the US administration created cyber command back in June 2009, which was responsible for the security of Defense Networks, conducting computer intelligence, preventing cyber attacks on America, and preemptive attacks on opponents preparing such actions. At present, the 24 th cybernetic army of the Air Force and the 10 th Navy cyber fleet have been formed. About 10, thousands of cybersecurity experts work at the Center for Strategic and International Studies as part of the US Cyber ​​Challenge program. In addition to the United States, about 100 countries of the world also have units in the armed forces for conducting operations in cyberspace.

Considering all the danger and seriousness of the computer confrontation in the future war, the new leadership of the Russian Defense Ministry today, as part of the ongoing military reform, needs to start creating an independent branch of service in the Russian Armed Forces - Cyber ​​Troops, whose main task will be to conduct cybernetic operations and gain information superiority.
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23 comments
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  1. Alex66
    Alex66 24 September 2013 15: 19 New
    +8
    At the same time, the ideologist of American hegemony proposes that European territory of Russia be brought under the control of the Old World, China - Siberia, Japan - the Far East.
    And America will take control of Europe, China and Japan so probably.
    Cyber ​​weapons are an important component of security, but it is equally important to feel that "... OUR BUSINESS IS RIGHT, THE ENEMY WILL BE DESTROYED, THE VICTORY WILL BE OURSELVES !!!" and for this you need to treat your people in good faith and not introduce double standards within the country. There is no fault with our foreign policy, plus!
  2. Double major
    Double major 24 September 2013 15: 21 New
    +2
    There was a good article on the site, Contactless and network wars. This material is its excellent continuation. Thanks to the author, great.
  3. Stiletto
    Stiletto 24 September 2013 15: 21 New
    +2
    It seems Skynet will still wait in the wings X
  4. oaziss
    oaziss 24 September 2013 15: 29 New
    0
    Definitely + per article.
  5. 787nkx
    787nkx 24 September 2013 15: 51 New
    +4
    FOR WHOM IS THE EXCELLENCE

    Superiority will be in the countries producing network equipment.
    Russia is still at risk, almost all communication networks are built on imported equipment.
    The manufacturer has the ability to influence his work.
  6. Dazdranagon
    Dazdranagon 24 September 2013 16: 11 New
    +5
    Brzezinski advises decentralizing Russia, dividing it into three parts
    I advise you to divide Brzezinski into three parts. Well, clean neighing! laughing
    1. alone
      alone 24 September 2013 20: 12 New
      +3
      wassat maybe all four? to divide into three equal parts, you need to tinker a bit. But I tore it into four parts like paper and that's it
  7. andruha70
    andruha70 24 September 2013 16: 18 New
    +4
    American political scientist Zbigniew Brzezinski proposes a project that embodies a massive expansion against Russia. So, he is not satisfied that Russia remains the owner of the largest territory in the world, stretching over ten time zones and significantly surpassing the American, Chinese or European.
    this old fart again doesn’t like something? doesn’t like it, come and take it ... you can’t, sit and .opa press ... how many were there? and where are they now? where are the vast territories of France, Germany, Mongolia and all sorts of other Ottomans? Yes, at this historical period of time, they slightly encroached on the territory (I mean the former Soviet Socialist Republics), but it’s not yet evening ... wink my neighbor, too, was not happy with something, however ... having a "political and educational" conversation, WE, now, will tear anyone up. here, whatever you say, there are only two outputs ... or you are a battery. either a charger. and the message of the article is as follows: turn on the brains and try to get them around the people around you ... and then, these "cyber warriors" will have to play toys such as call of date and battlefield ... for more, they still have no spirit.
  8. AVV
    AVV 24 September 2013 16: 46 New
    +1
    Information is the guarantee of victory !!! How relevant this is in the conduct of modern wars! We must meet modern challenges. And Russia has huge potential for this !!!
    1. sven27
      sven27 24 September 2013 16: 51 New
      +2
      Quote: AVV
      Information is the guarantee of victory !!! How relevant this is in the conduct of modern wars! We must meet modern challenges. And Russia has huge potential for this !!!

      Yes, but our hackers work on imported equipment.
      1. andruha70
        andruha70 24 September 2013 19: 14 New
        +1
        Yes, but our hackers work on imported equipment.
        It's not about what equipment they work on ... but the HOW they work ... wink I can also turn a part for an excavator on a hitachi lathe ... or I can, a part for a trigger mechanism for a Kalashnikov assault rifle ... tongue
        1. sven27
          sven27 25 September 2013 11: 58 New
          0
          Quote: andruha70
          it’s not a matter of what equipment they work on ... but the HOW they work ... wink I can also turn a part for an excavator on a hitachi lathe ... but I can, a part for a trigger mechanism of a Kalashnikov assault rifle. .. tongue

          Another analogy is more appropriate here. In the cyber war, our hackers will fight with imported weapons, possibly even with the country where it is produced. At some point, they will stop supplying these weapons to us, or they will deliver them with bugs. Yes, the intellectual potential will remain, but what's the point if there’s nothing to fight?
  9. Enot-poloskun
    Enot-poloskun 24 September 2013 17: 42 New
    +1
    It seems to me that the love of computers and their dependence on them will destroy Western civilization.
    1. andruha70
      andruha70 24 September 2013 19: 18 New
      +1
      It seems to me that love of computers and dependence on them will destroy Western civilization
      do not you think ... you are looking at the root.
  10. mirag2
    mirag2 24 September 2013 17: 55 New
    +1
    The most important area is IT. I think this is understandable to everyone. Regarding the safety of network equipment: recently, the states dismantled the network equipment of the Chinese company Huawei, motivating it with the fact that it can have (or have) bookmarks, and MGTS delivered just such boxes to everyone (optics), well, for me, thank God there was already another optics, one of the first in Russia (already about 6 years old). Whoever was notified was warned, and warned, therefore armed! That's what information is! It's intelligence, and intelligence- the first thing has always been and always is!
    Therefore, those who say that this is all bullshit, and that computers and networks are not important and not primary, are either mistaken (perhaps due to their proximity), or they consciously want Russia to be bad (enemies, simply put).
    1. andruha70
      andruha70 24 September 2013 19: 00 New
      0
      Therefore, those who say that this is all bullshit, and that computers and networks are not important and not primary, are either mistaken (perhaps due to their proximity), or they consciously want Russia to be bad (enemies, simply put).
      I fundamentally disagree ... one "shot" of the electromagnetic gun ... and where will all your computers and networks be? tongue Electronics cannot be primary, by definition ... primary can be brains that created this very electronics ... what am I talking about ... tomorrow, I, the head of all your electric networks ... I’ll take it and cut it down, all your lipidry ... tongue and how do you sing? (take an interest — what happened in the USA — when they had a couple of days — the light went out ...) and what was the result? digging stick ... bow arrows ... spear and flint?
      1. mirag2
        mirag2 25 September 2013 07: 27 New
        0
        Dreams ... With a competent information component, there will be no "electromagnetic" shot ...
        Naive.
        1. andruha70
          andruha70 25 September 2013 19: 29 New
          0
          Dreams ... With a competent information component, there will be no "electromagnetic" shot ...
          Naive.
          Naive is you to me? what maybe, in your opinion, I’m naive ... but you yourself give the answer - If you are competent ... but what about ours, on our ball, with a letter? request
  11. Savva30
    Savva30 24 September 2013 18: 12 New
    0
    I believe in the intelligence of our analysts and hackers, everything will be fine (in our opinion) !!!
  12. Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 24 September 2013 18: 33 New
    +2
    "According to Western experts, modern warfare is an information war, and the one whose information systems are more sophisticated wins." If the venerable General Otis, the forerunner of this "newest" idea, is put to the back of the head (I’m sure that he is not able to meet danger by definition. Neither specialty nor ideas contribute) to the barrel and pull the trigger, the general’s views on who actually wins wars, radically change. Unfortunately, this will happen only for that brief period of time during which the bullet will overcome the path from one wall of the skull of the intellectual to another. The brains, most likely, will not touch, are small, but the vital activity of the digitized organism will cease. Then Otis’s war will be unconditionally lost, despite what creative text he has just triumphantly sent out on Facebook. Wars are somewhere out there, far away ... they don’t concern elf-like specialists in computer brainstorming, what are you !!
    About computerization, again. Once again, remember the last Hollywood impossible operation, a victorious hacker breaking computer locks on the doors of Sailor's Silence. That is, according to the logic of experts, a system should be installed on the prison doors that is two orders of magnitude higher than that in the hands of a super-elite cracker, behind whom an industrialized power is behind. Guys, even a computer geek, but what's there, even a programmer cannot be so dumb !! Even these translucent guys know the word "value." Well, at least they are able to find out the money if they are aggressively shown to them.
    It turns out that we must equip everything, ALL important points with equipment that is immeasurably superior to the equipment of opponents. All at once! Everywhere! And the software on their systems and networks should be written so that the CIA only cry, and the NSA specialists would immediately shoot. No, when you ask the boss for a new server, it’s not a sin to apply similar arguments. Who is the boss? He is a stupid mug, not versed in the axles, that is, no one. All he can do is get money for cartoons that are so sweet to mess with. I do not care where he takes them and in general whether the company will pull what is desired. The main thing is a new toy! But when such recommendations are made at the country level, it is called differently. Betrayal. That's what it's called ....
    The country, having pulled up its pants trying to win the computer race by drastically increasing the number of computers and a frantic software upgrade, is completely doomed. I think that’s exactly what persistent information attacks are designed for. By sending "expert opinions" around the world, Americans earnestly hope that they will succeed in infecting the world with yet another information virus. Why, with democracy, did it? Compared to America (lacking democracy and spirit), all countries are deliberately losing conditions. So maybe with the "computer wars" prokanet ?! After all, everyone has been trained by computer scientists who earnestly want new toys! They will push the idea in every possible way, simply out of a desire to play new pieces of iron and programs. They wanted to spit on everything except this. So the danger is real.
    You can win information warfare and it’s even not difficult. For example, in reality, somewhere behind the backs of Sailor's silence lie the twisted corpses of the CIA crackers. They died of exhaustion and despair, unable to break open the locks of their chambers and release the superspy of their organization. The software of these locks is indestructible because it does not exist. But there is none, because it is NOT NEEDED there !! In the process of making a decision on the next “computer defense management system”, one thing must first be remembered.
    Do not go with the flow.
    Do not swim against the tide.
    Swim where you need to go!
  13. pamero
    pamero 24 September 2013 18: 41 New
    +1
    IT IS NECESSARY TO REMEMBER THE EXPERIENCE OF THE SOVIET PROPAGANDA !!!
  14. varov14
    varov14 24 September 2013 18: 41 New
    0
    So maybe the three zones for the Russians are not so bad? Moscow will suck everything, this is a virus for Russia. As money grows, they are building a new ring road and everything inside is included in Moscow, but there isn’t enough money for all of Russia to be included in Moscow and the navel will be untied.
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  16. s1н7т
    s1н7т 24 September 2013 19: 39 New
    0
    Chukhna. And empty. Blah blah blah.
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  19. marat1000
    marat1000 24 September 2013 20: 10 New
    0
    If the USA wants to play around, that is, there are many ways to blow it up from the inside ... The most important thing is not to start a racial war, because if you quarrel white with African-Americans (white in the USA they call them blacks :)), then the USA will burn ...
  20. slacker
    slacker 24 September 2013 21: 55 New
    0
    Brzezinski advises decentralizing Russia, dividing it into three parts

    I have a counter proposal: to decentralize the old man Brzezinski himself, dividing his senile body into three parts.