As of September of this year, 34 new Russian training aircraft (UTS) Yak-130 entered the Borisoglebsk Higher Military aviation School of Pilots named after V.P. Chkalov. The first issue, prepared on these TCBs, took place this year.
The cadets confirmed that the machine is easy to operate and operate and is easy to master. “The specialists have tried and made the plane a“ classroom ”- until the cadet performs a sequence of all the actions prescribed by the instruction or flight manual, the aircraft does not allow him to further piloting, and he himself suggests the actions required to perform the entire pilotage, the Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Air Force said Lieutenant-General Viktor Bondarev at the MAKS-2013 aerospace show in Zhukovsky near Moscow. - The plane is very light in the air, forgives many mistakes. This is not what it was before when we were cadets. Then, God forbid, I lost my speed - I immediately fell into a corkscrew, from which it is very difficult to withdraw a plane. ”
Quite a different situation with the Yak-130. The car, on the contrary, is very hard to enter into a tailspin. But even if for some reason she got into it, it is enough just to let go of the steering wheels and the new TCB independently comes out of the corkscrew and continues further safe piloting. This circumstance prompted the leadership of the Air Force to create a piloting group based on the Yak-130.
The chief designer of the Yak-130, director of the engineering center of the Irkut Corporation Konstantin Popovich, said that the Air Force leadership is negotiating the use of machines previously built at the Nizhny Novgorod Aviation Plant (NAZ) Sokol. He recalled that among those operated in Borisoglebsk, the 11 TCB was released by the Sokol Plant, where their serial production was originally planned. Subsequently, production moved to the Irkutsk aircraft factory. Under a contract with the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, Irkut Corporation is to build 62 new training centers for Russian cadets. Together with the Nizhny Novgorod machines, their school will have a total of 72.
In connection with the Air Force’s plans for an increased enrollment of cadets, negotiations are underway on the purchase of the Yak-130, so the issue with the production of fusion equipment in Irkut has been resolved before the 2015 year. “These were airplanes made according to the preliminary conclusion of the Ministry of Defense, so they have certain features in terms of software and design,” noted Popovich. Specialists suggest that these Yak-130 should be used in a specific refinement for the aerobatic team.
The decision on the piloting group from the Air Force is planned to be received in 2014 year. But without waiting for it, experts are already working on the issue of finalizing the aircraft. In particular, for the aerobatic team Yak-130 will be equipped with a smoke generator. In addition to the planes, there is a “requirement for moving” and operating on international lines, since the Air Force is planning to participate in the Yak-130 aerobatic team and in international air shows. “We will have to equip airplanes with additional equipment - a radio station, a radio answering machine, and remove equipment that is unnecessary in the flight version in order to facilitate aircraft. In addition, there is something to tighten in terms of flight characteristics with the help of an integrated management system. But this is a big question - I don’t want to defame planes by software, ”says the chief designer.
To increase the radius of the haul, the aircraft will be equipped with additional fuel tanks. “Now we have 2100 kilometers of radius, requested no less than 2600, and it is desirable to provide 2800. Well, we will not draw 2800 kilometers, but 2600 can be provided, ”said Konstantin Popovich.
Another possibility is the creation of a light combat aircraft based on the Yak-130, with the installation of easy booking and related equipment.
“The possibility of installing a system of an optical-location station with the option of increasing the aircraft’s capacity to use controlled weapons. The system allows you to simply modify the aircraft, - said Popovich. - Installing a radar in the nose - this is the most difficult and major refinement, which is in the process of development. If a decision is made to finalize the aircraft in a light combat aircraft, this idea will be implemented. ” According to open sources, the Bars-130 airborne radar can be installed on the Yak-130. “Naturally, work is underway to build up the weapons that are now being adopted by the Russian Armed Forces,” he added.
In the light combat version of the Yak-130, in addition, a radio electronic warfare system (EW) and an aiming complex will be installed. Also, the car will change to ensure easy booking. The aircraft can be introduced in-flight refueling system.
The issue of upgrading the Yak-130 is currently being discussed with the Air Force, the required technical specifications and the amount of funding are determined.
But not only the Russian Air Force realized all the advantages of the new UTS / UBS. “Inquiries are coming from all sides from abroad, intensive work is being carried out to satisfy these requests,” Popovich informed. Interest is shown in Latin America, Southeast Asia, as well as the CIS countries. In particular, Algeria is very pleased with the YK-16 machines purchased by 130. This state became the first foreign operator of the new Russian TCB / UBS and expresses interest in their additional quantity. “Algeria will probably buy a certain amount of Yak-130, because now we are intensively operating our aircraft in this country,” said the representative of Irkut.
Negotiations are continuing with Bangladesh. It was even expected to sign a contract with this country on MAKS-2013. “Everything was already close to the final stage. But in Bangladesh, the situation is determined by economic and political considerations. If the situation there is stable, we will get this contract, ”says Popovich. Meanwhile, in March, during a LIMA 2013 salon in Malaysia, Deputy Director General of Rosoboronexport Company Viktor Komardin said: “Bangladesh intends to acquire YN-24 training and combat aircraft. Negotiations on this item will begin in the spring of this year. The contractor with Bangladesh on the Yak-130 aircraft will be Irkut Corporation.
In addition, Russia signed a contract with Syria worth 550 million dollars for the supply of 36 aircraft of this type, but the deal did not enter into force and the vehicles were not delivered there.
Unfortunately, a lot determines the political situation in the world; our traditional markets for Russian military products are somewhat "collapsing". For example, a failed contract with Syria, where political events stopped the contract movement. Prior to this, in Libya, the same contract was terminated for the same reasons.
At the same time, the implementation of the contract with Belarus is continuing. Due to financial constraints, the fulfillment of the contract is slow with the delivery of three aircraft for the Belarusian Air Force each year.
At the MAKS-2013 air show, the deputy commander-in-chief of the Ukrainian Air Force flew the Yak-130 under the supervision of test pilot Roman Taskaev. Currently, negotiations are being held with the Ukrainian side on possible deliveries, based on which the contract may be signed in 2014 – 2015.
Approximately ten more countries from Southeast Asia, Asia-Pacific and Latin America are interested in acquiring the Yak-130.
In a word, the Irkutsk aircraft factory has a full order with loading and under the production program, and under the prospect of deliveries abroad.
Super modern filling
This year, at the international aerospace salon in Le Bourget, the Russian Yak-130 was recognized by international experts as the best example of combat training equipment. For this aircraft, the enterprises of the Radioelectronic Technologies concern (KRET) have developed, manufactured and integrated advanced navigation, flight and combat avionics systems into a single digital avionics equipment complex. The newest integrated digital avionics complex allows the Yak-130 to imitate the information and control field of the cockpits, the main flight characteristics and the use of combat systems of the newest fighters of the fourth and fifth generations.
The avionics complex, created by the experimental design bureau Elektroavtomatika, has an open architecture, which facilitates its modification by installing new equipment and introducing additional software and functional modules. In contrast to the training and combat aircraft of previous generations, the Yak-130 does not have electromechanical instruments in the avionics. It implements the concept of the so-called glass cockpit, which makes it possible to simulate the information and control fields of the cabins of various types of combat aircraft. This complex includes multi-functional consoles, integrated control systems, intelligent liquid crystal and collimator indicators.
A fully digital integrated electrical remote control system, created by the Moscow Institute of Electromechanics and Automation, performs the functions of automatic control systems and flight safety. The programming mode provided by the system makes it possible to change the flight and dynamic characteristics of the Yak-130 to simulate the flight characteristics of almost any modern combat aircraft. The on-board system for simulating combat use modes integrated with the SUN-130 weapon control system developed by the Kurta-based KRET Aviaavtomatika enterprise allows the training of pilots to eliminate the need to use real bombs and missiles while maintaining the realistic appearance of combat mission events.
An emergency operating system for collecting and recording flight information was also produced in Kursk. The on-board equipment for SUOSO-130 airborne equipment installed onboard the Yak-130, which was developed and manufactured by the Ulyanovsk Instrument Engineering Design Bureau, which is part of KRET, is responsible for collecting and displaying information on the status of all the avionics systems, sensors and actuators of the aircraft.
During the MAKS-2013 salon, the Yak-130 with tail number 02 appeared to the public in historical red and white color, in which the first aircraft of the outstanding designer Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev were made.
According to experts, the Yak-130 two-seat combat jet trainer of the Russian Air Force, which is currently in service, not only provides training and combat training for flight personnel, but can also be used in simple and complex meteorological conditions for air and ground targets. According to its flight-technical and maneuverable characteristics, this aircraft is close to the performance of modern fighters in the subsonic speed range, which makes it possible to solve the problem of training pilots for aircraft of the 4 + and fifth generation. In addition, the Yak-130 is unpretentious to the conditions of basing and is able, in particular, to sit on unprepared sites.