Military Review

Yak-130 always comes out of a corkscrew

This aircraft is recognized by international experts as the best model of combat training equipment.

As of September of this year, 34 new Russian training aircraft (UTS) Yak-130 entered the Borisoglebsk Higher Military aviation School of Pilots named after V.P. Chkalov. The first issue, prepared on these TCBs, took place this year.

The cadets confirmed that the machine is easy to operate and operate and is easy to master. “The specialists have tried and made the plane a“ classroom ”- until the cadet performs a sequence of all the actions prescribed by the instruction or flight manual, the aircraft does not allow him to further piloting, and he himself suggests the actions required to perform the entire pilotage, the Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Air Force said Lieutenant-General Viktor Bondarev at the MAKS-2013 aerospace show in Zhukovsky near Moscow. - The plane is very light in the air, forgives many mistakes. This is not what it was before when we were cadets. Then, God forbid, I lost my speed - I immediately fell into a corkscrew, from which it is very difficult to withdraw a plane. ”

Quite a different situation with the Yak-130. The car, on the contrary, is very hard to enter into a tailspin. But even if for some reason she got into it, it is enough just to let go of the steering wheels and the new TCB independently comes out of the corkscrew and continues further safe piloting. This circumstance prompted the leadership of the Air Force to create a piloting group based on the Yak-130.

Flight version

The chief designer of the Yak-130, director of the engineering center of the Irkut Corporation Konstantin Popovich, said that the Air Force leadership is negotiating the use of machines previously built at the Nizhny Novgorod Aviation Plant (NAZ) Sokol. He recalled that among those operated in Borisoglebsk, the 11 TCB was released by the Sokol Plant, where their serial production was originally planned. Subsequently, production moved to the Irkutsk aircraft factory. Under a contract with the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, Irkut Corporation is to build 62 new training centers for Russian cadets. Together with the Nizhny Novgorod machines, their school will have a total of 72.

In connection with the Air Force’s plans for an increased enrollment of cadets, negotiations are underway on the purchase of the Yak-130, so the issue with the production of fusion equipment in Irkut has been resolved before the 2015 year. “These were airplanes made according to the preliminary conclusion of the Ministry of Defense, so they have certain features in terms of software and design,” noted Popovich. Specialists suggest that these Yak-130 should be used in a specific refinement for the aerobatic team.

The decision on the piloting group from the Air Force is planned to be received in 2014 year. But without waiting for it, experts are already working on the issue of finalizing the aircraft. In particular, for the aerobatic team Yak-130 will be equipped with a smoke generator. In addition to the planes, there is a “requirement for moving” and operating on international lines, since the Air Force is planning to participate in the Yak-130 aerobatic team and in international air shows. “We will have to equip airplanes with additional equipment - a radio station, a radio answering machine, and remove equipment that is unnecessary in the flight version in order to facilitate aircraft. In addition, there is something to tighten in terms of flight characteristics with the help of an integrated management system. But this is a big question - I don’t want to defame planes by software, ”says the chief designer.

To increase the radius of the haul, the aircraft will be equipped with additional fuel tanks. “Now we have 2100 kilometers of radius, requested no less than 2600, and it is desirable to provide 2800. Well, we will not draw 2800 kilometers, but 2600 can be provided, ”said Konstantin Popovich.

Easy combat

Another possibility is the creation of a light combat aircraft based on the Yak-130, with the installation of easy booking and related equipment.

“The possibility of installing a system of an optical-location station with the option of increasing the aircraft’s capacity to use controlled weapons. The system allows you to simply modify the aircraft, - said Popovich. - Installing a radar in the nose - this is the most difficult and major refinement, which is in the process of development. If a decision is made to finalize the aircraft in a light combat aircraft, this idea will be implemented. ” According to open sources, the Bars-130 airborne radar can be installed on the Yak-130. “Naturally, work is underway to build up the weapons that are now being adopted by the Russian Armed Forces,” he added.

In the light combat version of the Yak-130, in addition, a radio electronic warfare system (EW) and an aiming complex will be installed. Also, the car will change to ensure easy booking. The aircraft can be introduced in-flight refueling system.

The issue of upgrading the Yak-130 is currently being discussed with the Air Force, the required technical specifications and the amount of funding are determined.

Enough contracts

But not only the Russian Air Force realized all the advantages of the new UTS / UBS. “Inquiries are coming from all sides from abroad, intensive work is being carried out to satisfy these requests,” Popovich informed. Interest is shown in Latin America, Southeast Asia, as well as the CIS countries. In particular, Algeria is very pleased with the YK-16 machines purchased by 130. This state became the first foreign operator of the new Russian TCB / UBS and expresses interest in their additional quantity. “Algeria will probably buy a certain amount of Yak-130, because now we are intensively operating our aircraft in this country,” said the representative of Irkut.

Negotiations are continuing with Bangladesh. It was even expected to sign a contract with this country on MAKS-2013. “Everything was already close to the final stage. But in Bangladesh, the situation is determined by economic and political considerations. If the situation there is stable, we will get this contract, ”says Popovich. Meanwhile, in March, during a LIMA 2013 salon in Malaysia, Deputy Director General of Rosoboronexport Company Viktor Komardin said: “Bangladesh intends to acquire YN-24 training and combat aircraft. Negotiations on this item will begin in the spring of this year. The contractor with Bangladesh on the Yak-130 aircraft will be Irkut Corporation.

In addition, Russia signed a contract with Syria worth 550 million dollars for the supply of 36 aircraft of this type, but the deal did not enter into force and the vehicles were not delivered there.

Unfortunately, a lot determines the political situation in the world; our traditional markets for Russian military products are somewhat "collapsing". For example, a failed contract with Syria, where political events stopped the contract movement. Prior to this, in Libya, the same contract was terminated for the same reasons.

At the same time, the implementation of the contract with Belarus is continuing. Due to financial constraints, the fulfillment of the contract is slow with the delivery of three aircraft for the Belarusian Air Force each year.

At the MAKS-2013 air show, the deputy commander-in-chief of the Ukrainian Air Force flew the Yak-130 under the supervision of test pilot Roman Taskaev. Currently, negotiations are being held with the Ukrainian side on possible deliveries, based on which the contract may be signed in 2014 – 2015.

Approximately ten more countries from Southeast Asia, Asia-Pacific and Latin America are interested in acquiring the Yak-130.

In a word, the Irkutsk aircraft factory has a full order with loading and under the production program, and under the prospect of deliveries abroad.

Super modern filling

This year, at the international aerospace salon in Le Bourget, the Russian Yak-130 was recognized by international experts as the best example of combat training equipment. For this aircraft, the enterprises of the Radioelectronic Technologies concern (KRET) have developed, manufactured and integrated advanced navigation, flight and combat avionics systems into a single digital avionics equipment complex. The newest integrated digital avionics complex allows the Yak-130 to imitate the information and control field of the cockpits, the main flight characteristics and the use of combat systems of the newest fighters of the fourth and fifth generations.

The avionics complex, created by the experimental design bureau Elektroavtomatika, has an open architecture, which facilitates its modification by installing new equipment and introducing additional software and functional modules. In contrast to the training and combat aircraft of previous generations, the Yak-130 does not have electromechanical instruments in the avionics. It implements the concept of the so-called glass cockpit, which makes it possible to simulate the information and control fields of the cabins of various types of combat aircraft. This complex includes multi-functional consoles, integrated control systems, intelligent liquid crystal and collimator indicators.

A fully digital integrated electrical remote control system, created by the Moscow Institute of Electromechanics and Automation, performs the functions of automatic control systems and flight safety. The programming mode provided by the system makes it possible to change the flight and dynamic characteristics of the Yak-130 to simulate the flight characteristics of almost any modern combat aircraft. The on-board system for simulating combat use modes integrated with the SUN-130 weapon control system developed by the Kurta-based KRET Aviaavtomatika enterprise allows the training of pilots to eliminate the need to use real bombs and missiles while maintaining the realistic appearance of combat mission events.

An emergency operating system for collecting and recording flight information was also produced in Kursk. The on-board equipment for SUOSO-130 airborne equipment installed onboard the Yak-130, which was developed and manufactured by the Ulyanovsk Instrument Engineering Design Bureau, which is part of KRET, is responsible for collecting and displaying information on the status of all the avionics systems, sensors and actuators of the aircraft.

During the MAKS-2013 salon, the Yak-130 with tail number 02 appeared to the public in historical red and white color, in which the first aircraft of the outstanding designer Alexander Sergeyevich Yakovlev were made.

According to experts, the Yak-130 two-seat combat jet trainer of the Russian Air Force, which is currently in service, not only provides training and combat training for flight personnel, but can also be used in simple and complex meteorological conditions for air and ground targets. According to its flight-technical and maneuverable characteristics, this aircraft is close to the performance of modern fighters in the subsonic speed range, which makes it possible to solve the problem of training pilots for aircraft of the 4 + and fifth generation. In addition, the Yak-130 is unpretentious to the conditions of basing and is able, in particular, to sit on unprepared sites.
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  1. Nukem999
    Nukem999 19 September 2013 08: 47
    1. Apollo
      Apollo 19 September 2013 09: 17
      Quote: Nukem999

      but where is the translation ?! in Russian there are many videos but For some reason you have chosen only in Anglo-Saxon.

      quote-This aircraft is recognized by international experts as the best example of combat training equipment.

      Still, this can not even be discussed good

      1. VAF
        VAF 19 September 2013 13: 48
        Quote: Apollon
        but where is the translation ?! in Russian there are many videos, but for some reason you chose only in Anglo-Saxon.

        Dear Apollo, so this is the "Korean" T-50, therefore, in the "English" language, wink +! drinks

        And I put "-" to the authors, not to the plane, but to the article.
        Why? Here is a brief quote:

        1. "Imitate .... the use of combat systems of the latest fourth and fifth generation fighters." belay

        2. "Now we have a haul radius of 2100 kilometers, we asked for at least 2600, and it is desirable to provide 2800. Well, we will not pull 2800 kilometers, but 2600 can be provided." belay

        3. "but it can also be used in simple and difficult weather conditions for air and ground targets." belay

        And so on and so forth! soldier

        What can you say ... "media aviators" fool
        1. Apollo
          Apollo 19 September 2013 14: 48
          Quote: vaf
          T-50, therefore, in the "English" language,

          I didn’t give a special sight, I speak English a little, I noticed everywhere wherever you can shove videos in English, as I understand it, it can be done in exceptional cases where there is no Russian.
          Good afternoon, dear Sergey hi drinks
          1. Very old
            Very old 19 September 2013 21: 02
            Apollon, and in vain YOU tell me "-" to your video, I answered: Roberto Bartini.A-55.A57. It was a miracle
      2. Lone gunman
        Lone gunman 19 September 2013 18: 20
        Oh yes, he is the best in his class and also as a potential light attack aircraft, who does not agree, "out of sight"))) ... and the article for the topic + ... the Korean is also not bad, but we need to learn to "kill" such machines in qualitative and economic terms ... (advertising is the engine of progress) ...
        1. aksakal
          aksakal 19 September 2013 21: 47
          Quote: Lone gunman
          but we need to learn to "kill" such machines

          - I didn't quite understand something - did someone cancel the competition? No? In this case, you need not learn to "kill", but you need to be able to do it for a hundred years! And immediately on the spot.
          1. Lone gunman
            Lone gunman 19 September 2013 23: 52
            Not that human is not alien to us))), Europeans also stand for everything- "Mykola Azarov:" I had a meeting with the French leadership and the leadership of the Airbus aviation company, and they told me directly that your plane (An-70) is better our (A-400M), but we will do our best to prevent your aircraft from finding a market for sale. ”Long live free competition!” -, but at the expense of studying, it's not when it's not too late, something like that ...)))
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. The comment was deleted.
  2. Golosey
    Golosey 19 September 2013 10: 01
    I watched the transfer Polygon about this plane
  3. Nukem999
    Nukem999 19 September 2013 10: 27
    Quote: Nukem999
    Modification A-50
    Wingspan, m 9.11
    Length of aircraft, m 13.13
    Aircraft height, m ​​4.90
    Wing area, m2 26.60
    Weight, kg
    empty 6441 aircraft
    normal takeoff 8890
    maximum take-off 111975
    Engine type 1 turbojet engine General Electric F404-GE-402
    Thrust, kgf 1 x 78.7
    The maximum speed, km / h 1650
    Cruising speed, km / h 986
    Practical range, km 2400
    Combat range, km 1000
    Maximum rate of climb, m / min 10056
    Practical ceiling, m 14630
    Max. 8 operational overload
    Crew 2
    Armament: one 20 mm gun
    Combat load - up to 3000 kg at 7 nodes of the suspension
    On 2 nodes of the suspension at the ends of the wings are placed 2 UR AIM-9L / M Sidewinder
    The remaining 5 are different
    Air-to-air and air-to-ground missiles, light guided and unguided bombs, containers with
    cannon armament.
    1. Argon
      Argon 19 September 2013 12: 33
      This is a device of a completely different class, recently finally formed - supersonic trainers. And the expediency of having such machines in one country or another (in its Air Force) is a subject for a separate conversation. It is clear that such machines are not for cadets of flight schools (the cost of a flight hour will be more expensive than Yak), rather it is a training machine for a pilot with a class that allows for a more voluminous work of BP, for example. I would like to answer the respected USNik-those who cannot at school, low thrust-to-weight ratio (engine thrust) and the "cobra" in principle cannot, and from the "stretched bell" EDSU takes away (the plane itself begins to level off when a certain minimum speed is reached). However, in the original mode, the EDSU confidently performs aerobatics with angles of attack up to 20 degrees (with a relatively small amount of fuel on board, of course).
  4. USNik
    USNik 19 September 2013 10: 33
    I wonder if the 130th can make a bell or cobra?
    1. 0255
      0255 19 September 2013 16: 19
      What cobra? this is not a Su-27 or a fighter based on it. It seems like no one except "Su" does a cobra, only the MiG-29 and F-22 can perform maneuvers close to the cobra. Although I may be wrong.
    2. rubin6286
      rubin6286 2 November 2013 22: 50
      Does he need it? TCB is primarily needed for training. In flight schools they teach aerobatic and complex aerobatics. I heard from young pilots that the Yak-130 is really very good for this.
  5. lordhigh
    lordhigh 19 September 2013 10: 39
    Cool plane !!! It looks like a su-25, su-39
  6. sergey158-29
    sergey158-29 19 September 2013 11: 05
    It will be interesting to see the implementation of the light combat aircraft on its basis. hi
    1. rubin6286
      rubin6286 2 November 2013 22: 54
      The Air Force is abandoning the option of a light attack aircraft based on the Yak-130. It is believed that for this he does not have enough crew protection. For example, I agree. There is an SU-25 and it is more suitable for attacking ground targets.
  7. Prapor Afonya
    Prapor Afonya 19 September 2013 11: 36
    Glad for Russian planes!
  8. Yankuz
    Yankuz 19 September 2013 12: 54
    Quote: Nukem999

    This is Korean!
  9. crambol
    crambol 19 September 2013 17: 10
    The car is very difficult to enter into a tailspin. But even if for some reason she got into it, it’s enough just to let go of the steering wheels and the new TCB independently gets out of the tailspin.

    Copy of Po-2! You give the right leg, the handle to the right and forward - it makes 2-3 turns with difficulty and falls out of the peak itself! Great, the same brilliant car!
  10. the eldest
    the eldest 19 September 2013 19: 23
    The fact that he does this is good, but he does only one part. But what about replacing the fleet in other training units (shelves)? request
    1. Apollo
      Apollo 19 September 2013 20: 54
      colorful photoshoot YAK-130

      1. 0255
        0255 20 September 2013 05: 49
        pleased with the new photos of the Yak-130th)))
  11. Ev58
    Ev58 20 September 2013 10: 19
    Very nice glider and the right sample aircraft. It is no less pleasant to feel your contribution to the development of the BO of this aircraft, about which there are many good reviews.
  12. the eldest
    the eldest 20 September 2013 12: 44
    Quote: ev58
    Very nice glider and the right sample aircraft. It is no less pleasant to feel your contribution to the development of the BO of this aircraft, about which there are many good reviews.

    Well, there are negative reviews, we managed to talk with the technicians of the plane, to what they replied - which is very moody, requires hangar storage, and we know that there is a shortage of hangars for clean airfields at airports ... electronics often fails ... ........ so there are cons in it ....
  13. beifall
    beifall 21 September 2013 06: 53
    Unexpectedly, the planned signing of the protocol on the supply of Russian Yak-130 training aircraft for the needs of this country's air force ended in Kazakhstan. More precisely, it did not end with anything, as it simply did not take place. The Kazakhstan side, one hour before the appointed event, announced its rejection of the planned transaction. This was a complete surprise for the Russian side.

    It was not only a formal protocol on cooperation and intentions to purchase UTB that was prepared. All the necessary technical and legal documents were prepared, including a specific quotation. However, they were not needed.

    The representative of the Ministry of Defense of Kazakhstan explained this behavior by the fact that the proposal of the Russian side, and then the execution of contract documents were completed in a fairly short time. The representatives of Kazakhstan simply could not thoroughly study and make an informed decision.

    Secondly, Kazakhstan only a year and a half ago carried out a series of works on the deep modernization of the entire fleet of the UTS on the basis of the L-39. It would be irrational now to begin their decommissioning, not allowing to fully exhaust the resource. And while there is no experience in operating the Yak-130 in the Russian Air Force. In any case, Kazakhstan does not completely deny the possibility of purchasing the Yak-130, but it will wait.

    I am very glad when I heard this news!