Military Review

Underwater chemical weapons cemetery poisons the Baltic Sea

30
Chemical weaponthat was flooded after the end of the Second World War in the Baltic Sea, causes genetic changes and mutations in fish. This is claimed by Polish scientists. Interfax, referring to Polish experts, reports that the shells and bombs that lie on the bottom of the Baltic Sea contain about 15 thousand tons of various hazardous chemical compounds. At the same time, experts are trying to decide whether it is necessary to organize a rise from the day of the sea of ​​sunken ammunition, or it is best not to touch them.


At the present time, fish with genetic abnormalities have already appeared in the places of burial of chemical weapons of the Third Reich. The first reports of this began to appear 15-20 years ago, when scientists from Denmark and Germany sounded the alarm. Biologists from the countries of the Baltic region have previously encountered various mutations in fish and birds. Scientists say that fish swimming in chemical weapons burial sites have more diseases than those in other areas of the Baltic. They are also diagnosed with genetic defects. According to experts, these changes are directly related to the effects of mustard gas mustard gas, ammunition with which after the war was buried on the seabed.

According to Jacek Beldowski, a doctor from the Institute of Oceanology of the Polish Academy of Sciences, who coordinates the work of scientists on this issue, the largest deposits of chemical weapons are located in the Gotland depression, where ammunition was scattered over the area almost in 1500 square. km It was also possible to confirm the presence of chemical weapons in the Polish part of the Baltic Sea in the Slupsk Rynn and the Gdansk Depression. Part of the ammunition has already undergone corrosion.

Underwater chemical weapons cemetery poisons the Baltic Sea

According to Beldovsky, fishing in these places is not recommended, and fishing from the bottom of the sea is prohibited. For a person, the greatest danger is the use of sick fish. It is reported that 80% of chemicals that are flooded in the Baltic Sea mustard gas, that is, mustard gas. Fortunately, the gas in the temperature of the waters of the Baltic Sea freezes, and the contamination from corroded ammunition reaches only a few meters. The rest of the chemically hazardous substances are compounds that are based on arsenic, and in several places you can find the deadly gas herd.

We have to admit that the older generation left a very dangerous legacy living now - the chemical weapons of the Wehrmacht, which was flooded by Allied forces in the Baltic Sea, as well as in the Kattegat and Skagerrak straits. This submerged chemical weaponry poses a serious environmental hazard for the peoples of Northern, Western and Eastern Europe. Moreover, all the information about the flooding of chemical weapons seized from the Germans in Moscow, Washington and London for quite a long time was carefully hidden.

After fascist Germany capitulated at the Potsdam Conference, the countries of the anti-Hitler coalition decided to destroy all available stockpiles of German chemical weapons. By that time, the Wehrmacht's chemical troops were armed with mines, shells and aviation bombs of various calibers, as well as checkers of toxic smoke, chemical land mines and even hand grenades. In addition to this, the Wehrmacht was well equipped with special machines to carry out quick contamination of the area with the help of persistent toxic substances. In the German military arsenals, huge stockpiles of chemical ammunition were stocked, which were equipped with mustard gas, phosgene, diphosgene, adamite and lewisite. In addition, German industry during the Second World War was able to master and produce a significant amount of sarin and herd. By the end of the war, the release of soman was also arranged.


According to published information found in the territory of West Germany chemical weapons, the British and American occupying forces flooded the coastal waters of Western Europe in 4-x regions: in Skagerrak near the Swedish port Lyusekil, in the Norwegian deep-water near Arendal, between the mainland and the Danish island of Fyn and not far from Skagen, the northernmost point of Denmark. In total, around 6 302 tons of various toxic agents were buried in 875 areas on the seabed, or approximately 1 / 5 part of the total supply of toxic substances. In addition, at least 120 thousand tons of various chemical weapons were flooded in unidentified places on the territory of the Atlantic and in the western part of the English Channel, and at least 25 thousand tons of chemical weapons were exported to the USSR.

The Soviet archives contain sufficiently detailed information about what exactly was found in chemical arsenals in the territory of the Soviet occupation zone, and then flooded in the Baltic Sea:

- 408565 artillery shells from 75 to 150-mm, equipped with mustard gas;
- 14258 250-kg and 500-kg of aerial bombs that were loaded with diphenylchloroarsine, chloroacetophene and arsine oil, as well as 50-kg bombs that were equipped with adamsite;
- 71469 250-kg of aerial bombs that were filled with mustard gas;
- 34592 chemical bombers from 20 to 50 kg, equipped with mustard gas;
- 10420 flue 100-mm chemical mines;
- 8429 barrels in which there were 1030 tons of diphenylchloroarsine and adamsite;
- 7860 gas cans Zyklon-B, which the Nazis widely used in the 300 death camps for the mass destruction of people in gas chambers;
- 1004 process tanks, which contained 1506 tons of mustard gas;
- 169 tons of process tanks with various toxic substances, which contained cyanarsin, cyanide salt, axelarsin, and chlorarsine.

It is worth noting that the greatest danger to the environment is represented by mustard gas, most of which will eventually be at the bottom in the form of clots of poisonous jelly. Mustard, like lewisite, hydrolyzes fairly well, when combined with water, they form toxic substances that will retain their properties for decades. The properties of lewisite are similar to mustard gas, but lewisite is an arsenic-organic substance, so almost all the products of its possible transformation are dangerous for the environment.


A preliminary analysis of this environmental problem demonstrates that a significant emission of mustard gas should occur for the first time approximately 60 years after flooding, therefore, the poisoning of the coastal waters of Europe should begin in the middle of the first decade of the 21st century and last for many decades. The studies carried out by Polish scientists confirm this.

Russian environmental scientist Alexei Yablokov, who is an adviser to the Russian Academy of Sciences, commented on recent events around chemical weapons at the bottom of the Baltic. According to the Russian specialist, chemical weapons in the Baltic Sea were flooded in two ways. The Allies were burning chemical weapons with huge loaded barges that were packed with ammunition. Such burials are located in several places in the western part of the Baltic Sea and in the straits. The Soviet Union flooded up to 50 thousands of tons of captured chemical weapons, which were flooded quite simply: the sailors simply dropped projectiles and bombs overboard. That is, the dumping of chemical ammunition took place in huge spaces. Now they lie at the bottom and just rust, what to do with them is not quite clear until now.

On this issue, there is no one opinion today. Previously, several scientific expeditions to Kaliningrad were held, and scientific conferences were also held in St. Petersburg. The shells and bombs scattered along the bottom of the Baltic Sea were covered with a thick layer of silt, and it would be extremely dangerous to lift them to the surface, the expert noted. According to him, when the Nord Stream gas pipeline was laid across the bottom of the Baltic Sea, no significant concentrations of chemical projectiles were found. Although the gas pipeline from Russia to Germany was carried out in places close to those recently investigated by Polish scientists. According to Alexei Yablokov, at present nothing needs to be done. It is necessary only, as it was done before, to note in camps that it is impossible to catch and trawling fish in these places.


However, not all experts agree with the conclusions that were published by experts from Poland. In particular, the fact that 15 thousands of tons of chemicals are located at the bottom of the Baltic is exposed to a particular question. Viktor Murakhovsky, who is a member of the Expert Council under the chairman of the Military Industrial Commission of Russia, believes that this is about the weight of ammunition, and not about the weight of toxic substances. Despite this, there are several thousand tons of toxic substances in these munitions. The danger is that metal shells of bombs and shells are subject to corrosion, especially being in sea water. Therefore, there is a real possibility of leakage of chemical compounds. In this case, there is an acute problem with the disposal of all these ammunition. Since it is obvious to everyone that working at depth with so many shells, bombs and mines is not only very dangerous, but also very expensive.

According to the expert, in some cases it will be more reliable and much cheaper to use methods of dumping chemical weapons right at the bottom. For example, if you pour ammunition with concrete or various chemical compounds like foam, in order to prevent toxic substances from entering the Baltic waters. At the same time, this problem must be solved jointly by all interested countries that are located on the Baltic coast. A key role in solving this problem should be assigned to Russia, since only our country has information about exactly where the USSR organized the burial of German chemical weapons.

According to Russian experts, the argument in favor of our country is the fact that over the years of the destruction of chemical arsenals we have formed a whole generation of scientists, engineers and workers who have the necessary experience in the disposal of chemical weapons. At the same time, it is quite possible to cooperate with foreign specialists in preparing and evaluating technologies for the possible disposal of ammunition.

Information sources:
-http: //rus.ruvr.ru/2013_09_16/Podvodnoe-kladbishhe-himoruzhija-otravljaet-Baltiku-FOTO-AUDIO-8539
-http: //www.arms.ru/xim/sovrem7.htm
-http: //novosti-n.mk.ua/ukraine/read/52368.html
-http: //thebalticsea.narod.ru/ecology.htm
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  1. Vladimirets
    Vladimirets 18 September 2013 08: 48 New
    19
    "The key role in solving this problem should be assigned to Russia,"

    Well, of course, at first, at our own expense, organize an operation to neutralize the chemical weapons deposits of the Third Reich, and then also compensate the Poles, the Baltic states and everyone who wants moral and environmental damage, and ultimately remain bad for everyone.
    1. Darakht
      Darakht 18 September 2013 10: 08 New
      +9
      Quote: Vladimirets
      Well, of course, at first, at our own expense, organize an operation to neutralize the chemical weapons deposits of the Third Reich, and then also compensate the Poles, the Baltic states and everyone who wants moral and environmental damage, and ultimately remain bad for everyone.

      100 percent right. Let Germany take out and recycle!
      1. AVV
        AVV 18 September 2013 11: 03 New
        +5
        Whose weapon it was, he will recycle it, but the Poles are interested persons! The European Union must allocate money for this! And the main sponsor of the European Union is Germany, and now the circle has closed itself !!!
        1. tilovaykrisa
          tilovaykrisa 18 September 2013 11: 42 New
          +2
          Let the Baltic states worry, I refuse sprats until they clear the entire Baltic Sea, otherwise you find you understand another way to spoil Russia in the form of supplies of mustard fish wassat
        2. washi
          washi 18 September 2013 15: 14 New
          +2
          Quote: AVV
          Whose weapon it was, he will recycle it, but the Poles are interested persons! The European Union must allocate money for this! And the main sponsor of the European Union is Germany, and now the circle has closed itself !!!

          There was also Polish chemistry.
          By the way, we almost didn’t get German and Polish chemistry. Therefore, all the claims of England, Germany and Myself
      2. edge
        edge 18 September 2013 17: 11 New
        +2
        Quote: Daraht
        100 percent right. Germany let it take out and recycle

        in fact, ours were drowned with barges indicating the place on the maps: but the shavers with the Americans simply threw the barrels into the sea from the minesweepers. Now everything is rotten and the leak has started, so it's time to put a BIG CROSS on the BALTIC FISHING.
    2. CHIM SMOKE
      CHIM SMOKE 18 September 2013 11: 53 New
      0
      And yet, I do not agree with you. If Our "beloved Supreme Commander-in-Chief", by his authority, and by other methods and methods known only to him and a certain circle of people, prevents the outbreak of World War 3 in fraternal Syria.
      What does that have to do with a familiar topic - chemical weapons. The article described above shows yet another global problem. If you take the initiative into your mighty hands, connect the RAS, the RF Armed Forces, environmentalists, and besides, invite the countries of the Baltic region to participate, can the UN really find a simple way to solve the global problem ?!
      But ... time unfortunately does not work in our favor. How not to be late. Kaliningraders - hold on, we are with you!
      1. almost demobil
        almost demobil 18 September 2013 18: 20 New
        +1
        I want to add that at the bottom of the Black Sea, namely in the bay where the Swallow’s Nest stands, before the occupation of Crimea, our mustard ammunition was flooded. Now they are in very poor condition and Ukrainians are afraid to raise them. And we go there to rest!
    3. Siberian German
      Siberian German 19 September 2013 03: 18 New
      0
      you are wrong - the fact is that fish from the Baltic Sea gets to our table. Peter Kaliningrad - they are in the Baltic states and the devil knows what can happen to these charges, but people are still ours. But at the expense of the Poles and the Balts - you don’t have to cheat on them - the dog is barking. But to shake the feland - this is an idea and we must do it tightly, otherwise Frau Merkel has very fluffed her tail in the political arena.
  2. Starover_Z
    Starover_Z 18 September 2013 09: 00 New
    +2
    In addition, at least 120 thousand tons of various chemical weapons were flooded in unidentified places in the Atlantic and in the western part of the English Channel

    And then on the ruins of an ancient chapel ...
    - Excuse me, did I ruin the chapel too?

    And there Russia does not need to clean anything? Still, German chemical weapons were created against her?
  3. Denis
    Denis 18 September 2013 09: 06 New
    +9
    genetic changes and mutations in fish. This is claimed by Polish scientists
    Only polish? Everyone knows about the honesty of their historians, it seems the same school.
    The studies carried out by Polish scientists just confirm this.
    Again, it is not alarming that they are mainly concerned. The Scandinavians, with their love of nature and the ecology, do not raise tantrums
    carrying out work at a depth with so many shells, bombs and mines is not only very dangerous, but also very expensive.
    Is this the main cause of concern for the Poles? You look and give money
    Although the ticking problem has existed for a long time and it is necessary to solve it, it is good that serious non-Polish observers and researchers have not yet known cases of poisoning and mutations. But this is only for now, the problem must be solved
    A key role in solving these problems should be assigned to Russia, since only our country has information about exactly where the USSR organized the burial of German chemical weapons
    And this is somehow not Polish. There is no tantrum about the Stalinist regime and Russia's eternal desire to destroy proud Poland
    1. Egoza
      Egoza 18 September 2013 09: 36 New
      +7
      Quote: Denis
      . It is good that serious non-Polish observers and researchers have not yet known cases of poisoning and mutations.

      How is it not known? Take a look at the brains of the Balts and Poles! Clear evidence of mutations! Poisoned by America and England, in the sense of a chemical weapon flooded by them. So what are the claims? Let their “friends” correct the situation.
      Maybe the whole thing is in the gas pipeline that Russia is laying? "Hold up at all costs!" Or cancel at all
      1. Denis
        Denis 18 September 2013 10: 25 New
        +5
        Quote: Egoza
        Take a look at the brains of the Balts and Poles! Clear evidence of mutations!
        Excuse me, I'm not a wizard and a learned Polish, how can I see what is not?
        In those mutations of their upper limbs, it’s not a chemical weapon that is to blame. They spoil the air for a long time, not even the appearance of a chemical weapon
        And the gas pipeline is like a bone in the throat, or rather in a strange bowl. They’re past it, in flight, how can one not bother with the environment?
      2. pensioner
        pensioner 18 September 2013 16: 50 New
        +2
        Quote: Egoza
        How is it not known? Take a look at the brains of the Balts and Poles! Clear evidence of mutations!
        hi love
    2. Serg 122
      Serg 122 18 September 2013 10: 00 New
      0
      The hysteria will be if we don’t give money. Howl that everyone will be sick!
    3. edge
      edge 18 September 2013 17: 15 New
      0
      Quote: Denis
      . Scandinavians with their love of nature and ecology do not raise tantrums

      Scandinavians fish on the other hand, away from the Baltic
  4. JonnyT
    JonnyT 18 September 2013 09: 12 New
    +2
    And if they get it? More jihad lovers in Europe! Europe itself must clear its area of ​​responsibility as the risk of using these poisonous deposits increases!
  5. VohaAhov
    VohaAhov 18 September 2013 09: 22 New
    +1
    It is likely that for more than 60 years under water, toxic substances decomposed and lost their fighting properties.
    1. CHIM SMOKE
      CHIM SMOKE 18 September 2013 11: 00 New
      +4
      I do not agree with you, read the technical characteristics and characteristics of chemical warfare agents and read out the conclusion: the average temperature of the water in the Baltic Sea offshore?
      The article correctly stipulates that there is the possibility of long-term conservation of BHOV at the seabed !!!
      In addition, knowing the fact that "IPRIT has the property of affecting genetics" i.e. mutations in 2 and 3 generations.
      EMERGENCY MEASURES FOR MAKING A DECISION ON THE BURNING OF BHOV IS A VERY PRIORITY TASK, AS IF WE ARE NOT WANTED TO HARM HERE.
  6. rugor
    rugor 18 September 2013 09: 57 New
    +2
    Germany should pay for this operation, and we will help specialists, no question.
  7. Curt
    Curt 18 September 2013 10: 42 New
    +7
    The USA is all looking for and struggling with Chem. weapons - so here it is - get it, save the planet! Nooo, we must get to Syria
  8. r0d0vest
    r0d0vest 18 September 2013 10: 47 New
    +3
    straight paradise for terraryug
  9. makst83
    makst83 18 September 2013 11: 35 New
    +4
    Maybe the Germans will once again repent and pay all the work to extract and destroy chemical weapons !?)
  10. starhina01
    starhina01 18 September 2013 14: 00 New
    +3
    Now everything is clear fellow chemical weapons are used against Europe for a long time. mutation on the face. laughing some gays and lesbos are worth it. laughing and the Americans are not there chemical weapons are looking for let their loot in the right direction let and save the planet bully
  11. tank64rus
    tank64rus 18 September 2013 15: 40 New
    +4
    The only institute in Saratov that trained specialists in the destruction of chemical weapons was liquidated by Serdyukov in 2009. By the time the intensive release of OM begins, most of these specialists will have left the armed forces. And then there will be problems. But for those in power, isn’t it important because it’s not flooded next to the Canary Islands, but the gas pipeline is new. maybe there will be no accidents.
    1. AlNikolaich
      AlNikolaich 18 September 2013 20: 25 New
      +2
      Quote: tank64rus
      The only institute in Saratov that trained specialists in the destruction of chemical weapons was liquidated by Serdyukov in 2009.

      Greetings fellow countryman! I agree completely! Hope only for Shihan. They didn’t seem to squander anything there, and continue to work.
  12. Sunscorpion
    Sunscorpion 18 September 2013 16: 36 New
    +2
    who produced, he utilizes, everything is simple
  13. saygon66
    saygon66 18 September 2013 17: 30 New
    +1
    -A few years ago they conducted an investigation of ent shit, and came to the conclusion that it is unsafe to raise it to the surface. When lifting, the rusted containers will be torn and God forbid, the wind will blow from the sea ... They reassured that the gas dissolves in water and flows by currents into the open sea. Nobody conducts systematic observations, and, quite possibly, all this shnyaga from time to time poison the air in the area!
  14. Doctor Evil
    Doctor Evil 18 September 2013 19: 13 New
    +1
    He served in the Baltic 12 years: 1992-2004. Each year, the topic of flooded chemical weapons was raised in the central and local press. Aggravation after autumn storms. So what? And nothing. Like swimming in the sea and swimming. And they catch fish, despite all the publications.
  15. ia-ai00
    ia-ai00 18 September 2013 20: 29 New
    +2
    In total, in 6 regions, about 302 tons of various toxic substances were buried on the seabed .... In addition to this, at least 875 thousand tons of various chemical weapons ...

    Lord how many human minds do not work for creation, but for destruction ... After all, they themselves are ruining the planet for themselves. Not the developers of the poison themselves, so their children, grandchildren, great-grandchildren will eat a fish with a deadly sauce. Poison water, air, earth with chemistry. When will the era of the REASONABLE PERSON come?
  16. labendik
    labendik 18 September 2013 21: 17 New
    -5
    Why was it hot in the Baltic, was it really impossible to bring it to the ocean? Another crime of the USSR.
  17. The comment was deleted.
  18. Simple
    Simple 18 September 2013 22: 05 New
    +1
    Who is interested in this topic:

    www.schleswig-holstein.de/UXO/DE/Aktuelles/publicrelation/publicrelation.html

    www.schleswig-holstein.nabu.de/naturvorort/meeressaeuger/symposiummunitionsbesei
    tigung / 07295.html

    www.schleswig-holstein.de/UXO/DE/Service/PDF/Anhang/aa_blmp_langbericht__blob=pu
    blicationFile.pdf
  19. ia-ai00
    ia-ai00 18 September 2013 22: 11 New
    +1
    labendik RU Today, 21:17
    Why was it hot in the Baltic, was it really impossible to bring it to the ocean? Another crime of the USSR.

    You probably did not carefully read the article. Why blame the USSR for all sins?
    ... chemical weapons found in Western Germany, English и American occupation forces flooded in 4 areas of the coastal waters of Western Europe: in Skagerrak, near the Swedish port of Lucechil, in the Norwegian deep water near Rental, between the mainland and the Danish island of Funen and not far from Skagen, the extreme northern point of Denmark.

    Country. exhausted by the war, the most injured was to bring this poison to their Earth? And not having the means and specialists in the destruction of this chemical weapon, had to drag him to him?
    1. labendik
      labendik 18 September 2013 22: 31 New
      0
      It was necessary to think a little. About yourself in the first place. Not in the shallow Baltic, and not necessarily near its shores. What was no place in the Atlantic?
  20. Letterksi
    Letterksi 19 September 2013 14: 23 New
    +1
    As always, they are trying to make Russia a scapegoat. Let the one who created all this "good" deal with this problem.
  21. D_L
    D_L 21 September 2013 00: 31 New
    0
    The sad situation!