Military Review

In Japan, the last nuclear reactor was stopped

43
Last Sunday, September 15 2013, the last operating nuclear reactor in Japan was stopped. At 23: 00 local time, the reactor stopped generating power, and at 01: 30 Monday, local time, it was completely stopped. The company Kansai Electric Power noted that the stopped reactor will not work for about six months - that is how long it will take to carry out all the necessary preventive work. According to Japanese law, all objects that belong to this class must be prevented every 13 months.


In this case, this is the 4-m reactor at the NPP. It should be noted that at the beginning of September the 3 reactor was stopped at the same nuclear power plant. Thus, for the first time in the last 14 months, not a single atomic reactor has been left in Japan (of the 50s built). The power of the 3 th and 4 th reactors at the Oi NPP was 1,18 million kilowatts. These reactors were the only ones that continued their work after the terrible accident that occurred at the Fukushima-1 nuclear power plant in March 2011. Prior to that tragedy, 1 / 3 produced all the electricity in the land of the rising sun at nuclear power plants.

The operation of reactors stopped at Oi NPP can be resumed only after the Japanese authorities recognize their full compliance with the new safety standards. Currently, Japan is immediately considering 12 applications for restarting other reactors in the country. At the same time, most of the Japanese prefectures are now wary of resuming the operation of nuclear power plants, however, the Japanese government managed to agree with the authorities of Fukui Prefecture, where the Oi nuclear power plant is located, so that the reactors will ever start again .

In Japan, the last nuclear reactor was stopped

8 July 2013 of the year at all nuclear facilities in Japan began to operate new safety rules, which involve equipping all existing nuclear power plants with redundant and additional power supply and cooling systems in case of sudden natural disasters. This decision was made in view of the consequences of the accident at the Fukushima-1 NPP, which occurred in the spring of 2011. Then, after the impact of the tsunami, the NPP power supply system failed, after which the process of melting nuclear fuel began at the 3 station's power units. All this was accompanied by hydrogen explosions, as well as emissions of large amounts of radioactive substances, from the 20-kilometer zone around the station, the authorities had to evict all residents.

After this accident, almost all reactors at local nuclear power plants were shut down in Japan, and only 50 resumed operation of 2 reactors at the NPP. Nowadays, the 4 operators of the NPP operator have submitted their applications for resuming the operation of 12 units at 6 of various NPPs, but it’s impossible to say whether the local authorities will allow them to start. After the accident, which occurred at the Fukushima-1 nuclear power plant in Japan, local social movements have become more active, which are in favor of Japan’s complete rejection of the use of nuclear power plants.

Japanese authorities are quite willing to meet the calls of society to abandon the use of nuclear power plants, which produced a significant portion of electricity in the country. The accident, which occurred in the spring of 2011, was a new occasion and a weighty argument for environmentalists, who demand the closure of existing stations. In this case, the consequences of the accident have spread far beyond Japan. For example, Germany immediately announced its plans for a phased withdrawal from the use of nuclear energy. In the US, it was decided not to build new nuclear power plants. Austria, Belgium and Sweden also became members of the international "anti-atomic" movement for a long time.


At the same time, it is not entirely clear which specific alternatives to closed nuclear power plants environmentalists see. The reserves of fossil fuels on the planet are limited. Large hydropower plants disrupt river ecosystems, and alternative energy sources are not able to meet the energy needs of the world's population, and their cost is quite high. In search of an alternative to its nuclear power plants, Japan began to actively use oil and natural gas. At the same time, the Japanese population was actively involved in the program to save electricity. However, it did not solve the problems. The Japanese authorities are predicting that already this winter the country of the rising sun may face a rather serious shortage of electricity.

According to Sergei Artyushkin, an atomic energy expert, the best option for Tokyo would be to upgrade the existing nuclear power plants in the country, since it is atomic energy that is the most environmentally friendly and affordable today. The main problem of the Japanese was that at their nuclear power plants old American nuclear reactors were installed, ancient as mammoths and possessing a large number of flaws. Ultimately, this factor was one of the reasons for the major accident at Fukushima, as well as the reason that Japan is currently almost completely abandoned the production of atomic energy.

Currently there are 2 basic options for the development of the situation in Japan. The first implies retrofitting existing NPPs, including the installation of new reactors. The second is a program to extend the life of old reactors. People who believe that Japan has not lost anything from shutting down its nuclear reactors can be answered with statistics figures, which is an impartial science. At present, atomic energy is the cheapest and, most interestingly, the safest of all existing at a given time. It is enough just to compare death statistics for every kilowatt of electricity produced in the gas, coal, and oil industry. And this is also subject to accidents. The environmental loss from nuclear power plants cannot be compared with those millions of tons of harmful emissions into the atmosphere, dead animals and people during oil production. The difference here at times.


Fear of nuclear power is the fear of the unknown. However, modern society knows little about what happens during the extraction of coal, gas, oil, what problems exist there and what cataclysms occur. For example, the extraction of petroleum products and gas is often accompanied by the injection of water underground. Useful resources simply "squeeze" to the surface of the planet. What happens to the soil at this time is really terrible. This is also relevant for shale hydrocarbon reserves. “Oil and gas production is not as environmentally friendly and not as safe as the average man thinks,” said Sergey Artyushkin.

Information sources:
-http: //www.odnako.org/blogs/show_28548
-http: //www.popmech.ru/article/13760-v-yaponii-ostanovlen-posledniy-atomnyiy-reaktor
-http: //vz.ru/news/2013/9/15/650404.html
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  1. borisjdin1957
    borisjdin1957 18 September 2013 08: 03 New
    +2
    from the Don.
    Apparently the island has not yet pressed against the lack of electric energy for real! We are waiting for the Japanese to move to Russia. And let them take technologies that we don’t have.
    1. afire
      afire 18 September 2013 09: 02 New
      11
      I think this is a stupid idea, we already have an excess of Asians here, and why do we need crowds of people who hate us?
      They have breakthrough things, but there are no more of them than ours, simply because of private investment, they can implement these projects, and ours ...
      After all, this is a way of life, the source is the area where the person lives, everything adapts to this or that extent, if, say, a tablet is convenient for him to watch TV in a capsule (there is no apartment with a TV), then of course they will develop this topic, all the more, you can earn $$$, but with us, technologies are aimed on how to protect our HUGE territories (oh love my country) and therefore the development of military technologies at a high level.
      But yes, I agree - you can marry their achievements to our needs, so to speak))
      ps modestly - at the very Mazda 3 - I love her, but there is no cigarette lighter (the fight with me as a smoker, they even fight with me in my car laughing , but the hell will come of them, although they are right - it is harmful to smoke recourse )
      1. washi
        washi 18 September 2013 15: 53 New
        -2
        Quote: afire
        I think this is a stupid idea, we already have an excess of Asians here, and why do we need crowds of people who hate us?
        They have breakthrough things, but there are no more of them than ours, simply because of private investment, they can implement these projects, and ours ...
        After all, this is a way of life, the source is the area where the person lives, everything adapts to this or that extent, if, say, a tablet is convenient for him to watch TV in a capsule (there is no apartment with a TV), then of course they will develop this topic, all the more, you can earn $$$, but with us, technologies are aimed on how to protect our HUGE territories (oh love my country) and therefore the development of military technologies at a high level.
        But yes, I agree - you can marry their achievements to our needs, so to speak))
        ps modestly - at the very Mazda 3 - I love her, but there is no cigarette lighter (the fight with me as a smoker, they even fight with me in my car laughing , but the hell will come of them, although they are right - it is harmful to smoke recourse )

        We are all ASIAN. We are not Geyropa. And yapy closer to Russian than the French in psychology.
        The fact that they became dependent on the United States is not our refinement but impotence, after the Second World War
    2. washi
      washi 18 September 2013 15: 49 New
      +2
      Quote: borisjdin1957
      from the Don.
      Apparently the island has not yet pressed against the lack of electric energy for real! We are waiting for the Japanese to move to Russia. And let them take technologies that we don’t have.

      Even earlier than the Chinese, they copied the organization of labor under Stalin and the technologies they created with the help of our magazines "Science and Technology", "Technology of Youth", "Young Technician".
      Relocation is not worth waiting it is an Amer colony and they will not let go of their slaves.
    3. pensioner
      pensioner 18 September 2013 16: 29 New
      +1
      Quote: borisjdin1957
      We are waiting for the relocation of the Japanese to Russia.

      Holy, holy, holy! Do not fuck them here. Let them quietly rot there. In general, Japan must be isolated as an infected area.
      1. Kibalchish
        Kibalchish 18 September 2013 16: 44 New
        +2
        Oh yes rotting Japan fool

        I remember that under the scoop, capitalism also decayed ... the result is known.
        1. SPLV
          SPLV 19 September 2013 00: 24 New
          +1
          There was one work under the USSR, here is an excerpt from it (the only valuable one from the rest) "It's not scary that the leaders go too far, but scary that ideas die. An idea is defenseless like a child when it touches it." There was a national idea, there was an integral policy - internal and external. And there was no need to reinvent the wheel.

          It’s time for some to grow up and get to know the story better. I don’t remember so many homeless people and drunks in the streets under the USSR, I don’t remember so many hungry children and old people. This came with the support of your cheers-capitalism. Or do some people think that only the well-fed lamb of the Lord, never sick, never die, live outside the former Union !?
          And as for the nuclear power plant, the current unfortunate ecologists remind us of the times anathema of steam engines and any trends of progress. Let's ban nuclear power plants and internal combustion engines! Only soon will have to eat their own kind. The same socially infantile brainless amoeba
    4. Geisenberg
      Geisenberg 18 September 2013 17: 54 New
      +3
      Quote: borisjdin1957
      from the Don.
      Apparently the island has not yet pressed against the lack of electric energy for real! We are waiting for the Japanese to move to Russia. And let them take technologies that we don’t have.


      I think we have enough brothers in mind from Central Asia and the Caucasus.

      For the Japanese sincerely glad. Let drown with wood.

      In such situations, if after 1-2 years they do not find a really affordable, cheap, safe source of electricity, then the country will simply collapse. Everyone benefits - either they will find technology or they will stop fooling us laughing
    5. teleset
      teleset 18 September 2013 19: 52 New
      0
      There is an alternative to a nuclear reactor; it is a torovye reactor. in case of emergency there is no radiation from them. The Americans are already actively engaged in this topic, they will soon come forward and we will be left behind. And everyone is trying to prove to someone that nuclear power is harmless ... lol
    6. alone
      alone 18 September 2013 21: 03 New
      +2
      laughing Russia is already clogged with migrants from different countries. Do you also want the Japanese?))
    7. StolzSS
      StolzSS 18 September 2013 21: 32 New
      +1
      Fuck they need quick-eyed here ??? There are nowhere to put your illiteracy churb ...
  2. Lech from ZATULINKI
    Lech from ZATULINKI 18 September 2013 08: 07 New
    +4
    JAPANESE will switch from nuclear fuel to firewood which they will buy from us.
    1. xetai9977
      xetai9977 18 September 2013 08: 28 New
      +5
      Yeah, humanity can really end up on a starvation diet. Alternative sources that use the power of the wind and the sun to generate energy have not yet paid for themselves. Only thermonuclear can save the case, but work on it stomps in place and no light is visible at the end of the tunnel.
      1. Sibiryak
        Sibiryak 18 September 2013 08: 44 New
        +2
        Quote: xetai9977
        Yeah, humanity can really end up on a starvation diet.

        The Japanese are encouraged to do this, and they are being fought fool I think it will be even funnier!
      2. tilovaykrisa
        tilovaykrisa 18 September 2013 11: 28 New
        +2
        According to the thermonuclear fusion, we just had an agreement with yapi, we put a tokomak to them, and they build the station itself, the first experimental (not commercial) station, because we didn’t have money, but they agreed to pay, several more countries invested financially there, but the trick is that when everything was ready, a little tsunami happened and denyuzhi yapi became more needed to repair the apartment, and then it wasn’t okay for Fukushima .... So now it is being built by the Frogs and by the way successfully.
      3. washi
        washi 18 September 2013 15: 59 New
        0
        Quote: xetai9977
        Yeah, humanity can really end up on a starvation diet. Alternative sources that use the power of the wind and the sun to generate energy have not yet paid for themselves. Only thermonuclear can save the case, but work on it stomps in place and no light is visible at the end of the tunnel.

        Why is it trampled on?
        There were developments in the USSR. Now they are appropriated by amers.
        No one needs it yet.
        The use of alternative energy sources will redraw the entire political map, where the United States is the chief.
        1. alone
          alone 18 September 2013 21: 06 New
          +2
          Quote: Vasya
          The use of alternative energy sources will redraw the entire political map, where the United States is the chief.


          wink by the way, the letter "L" was not immediately noticed bully
    2. Egoza
      Egoza 18 September 2013 09: 27 New
      +4
      Quote: Lech s ZATULINKI
      JAPANESE will switch from nuclear fuel to firewood which they will buy from us.

      But the forest is something to take care of! "Take care of nature - your mother!"
    3. Nick888
      Nick888 18 September 2013 09: 35 New
      +5
      Do not empty our forests for their energy. If we cut it down, it’s only for our needs, but it’s better not to touch them at all)
      1. afire
        afire 18 September 2013 10: 40 New
        +2
        By the way, it makes great sense to cut down forests that are, say, launched, after cutting already to plant a new forest at this place, such an update will reduce fires and make the forest more well-groomed, but damn ... what am I ((
        1. zardoz
          zardoz 18 September 2013 15: 50 New
          +2
          It used to work like that. Now it is not beneficial to nature users and they do not.
        2. washi
          washi 18 September 2013 16: 13 New
          +7
          Sorry, but you were in the Siberian taiga, or in the Far Eastern forests?
          Of course, Turkish Resorts are cheaper and more comfortable, but try to be a patriot.
          Feel the charm of unity with nature. The largest swamps in Western Siberia, Lake Baikal, Kamchatka geysers and volcanoes, Kolyma gold, Seaside taiga where the Chinese climb for rare plants and animals. Radium sources in Primorye, Altai resorts.
          Try to catch taimen or grayling. And how is the redfish going to spawn.
          But forests cannot be cut down. They need to be planted. The forest is our everything. It is necessary to control their use.
  3. Refund_SSSR
    Refund_SSSR 18 September 2013 08: 10 New
    -1
    For example, the extraction of oil products and gas is often accompanied by the injection of water underground. Useful resources simply “squeeze” to the surface of the planet. What happens to the soil at this time is really terrible

    laughing author, write more!
    By the way, what is happening there with SOIL ?! wassat laughing
  4. Deniska999
    Deniska999 18 September 2013 08: 34 New
    +2
    How will their powerful production work then?
  5. JonnyT
    JonnyT 18 September 2013 09: 00 New
    +3
    Let them drown, otherwise these narrow-eyed barbarians will again arrange a catastrophe)) Russia is undoubtedly beneficial, the Japanese will be very happy to buy our liquefied gas!
    1. Egoza
      Egoza 18 September 2013 09: 29 New
      +1
      Quote: JonnyT
      our liquefied gas the Japanese will be very happy to buy!

      So let them buy in exchange for technology. And they should not be allowed into the territory! Then they will creep like cockroaches, and it will be very difficult to distinguish them from other "tovarisches". Remember State Captain Rybnikov!
      1. JonnyT
        JonnyT 18 September 2013 12: 13 New
        0
        Oh, these Japanese technologies .... unfortunately they will never give us new items ..... and there are too many people who will interfere with this ....... you know how Japanese technologies enter the Russian market now ??? Only terrible old stuff can go directly from Japan ... at first all new items go to Germany and the USA ... and only then, when the European and American markets get enough of the latest equipment through dealerships, not the latest equipment gets to Russia ... .... Contractors in the form of European and American offices cannot be bypassed ....... and even to think ... "backward" dictatorial and poor Belarus manufactures equipment for some areas in the microelectronic industry no worse (and in some places and better) than Japanese! In my opinion, we may well do without the Japanese miracle of technology, especially since now our lag in science has been significantly reduced!
        So let the Japanese go to the forest! They have one owner - the USA!
        1. washi
          washi 18 September 2013 16: 17 New
          0
          The Japanese have no technology. There is a culture of production. Scientific developments either Russian or German (Slavic territory and heredity).
  6. Sirozha
    Sirozha 18 September 2013 09: 37 New
    +4
    There are no alternatives to nuclear energy yet! None of the existing methods can now compete with nuclear energy, both in efficiency and in ecology.
    For Japan, wind energy does not channel, since wind farms are changing the wind rose and it’s not clear to me what this could lead to in island Japan; Thermal power plants are very expensive and environmentally unfriendly. Solar energy will not provide all of Japan until the technology is so developed to maximize the potential of the sun. I’m not talking about HPPs at all. For Japan, you can consider the option of power plants operating on the ebb and flow of the ocean, but they still need to be built (And besides, they do not give the power that nuclear power plants).
    1. washi
      washi 18 September 2013 16: 19 New
      0
      In Japan, the winds are strong. But wind generators require a large area. There is little sun on both island empires.
  7. Old skeptic
    Old skeptic 18 September 2013 09: 37 New
    +2
    Welcome for Russian gas. Do you want gas? We also have traditional Japanese fuel, we call it firewood.
    Every whim for your money.
  8. eplewke
    eplewke 18 September 2013 09: 44 New
    +2
    Where will they get Energy? Burn fuel oil? Yeah. in the unenviable position of Japan. One third of all electric energy needs to be compensated by something, I don’t think that tidal power plants can handle these ...
    1. shurup
      shurup 18 September 2013 10: 42 New
      0
      Where will they get it? Yes, in Russia they will take it, but not a third but a half. Not directly - so the Chinese will resell.
  9. major071
    major071 18 September 2013 09: 49 New
    14
    Joke on the topic: Once a man threw a net into the sea in Vladivostok and pulled out just one fish. The fish says in a human voice - let me go, whatever you want to do for you. And the man realized that something was going wrong on Fukushima.
  10. Ivan79
    Ivan79 18 September 2013 10: 38 New
    +1
    The Americans were great at bothering the Japanese by offering their reactors. Probably still they praise and empower them. Everything is correct - to Wellcome to Russia. For gas, firewood or new reactors.
    1. a52333
      a52333 18 September 2013 14: 22 New
      +2
      The Americans great fun in the Japanese, offering their reactors
      They are not the first time to pump up radiation. American sexy fetish - they like the luminous Japanese.
      1. a52333
        a52333 18 September 2013 15: 52 New
        0
        wassatNo comment
  11. Predator-74
    Predator-74 18 September 2013 10: 42 New
    +1
    Thus, we can conclude that Japan has become a hostage to its weak and self-dependent foreign policy. The consequences of this will hurt the country's economy for a very long time.
  12. Ivanovich47
    Ivanovich47 18 September 2013 11: 19 New
    0
    Using outdated American-made nuclear reactors, Japan was secondarily exposed to nuclear contamination of its territory. The first happened in the 1945 year. The Japanese will soon realize that sitting in the dark is not very comfortable, and the industry is facing a crisis due to a decrease in generated capacity. Therefore, they will be forced to develop nuclear energy, although at a higher level of safety of nuclear reactors. Otherwise, a return to the Stone Age.
  13. andruha70
    andruha70 18 September 2013 11: 58 New
    0
    At present, atomic energy is the cheapest and, most interestingly, the safest of all currently existing. It is enough to simply compare the statistics of deaths for each kilowatt of electricity produced in the gas, coal, and oil industries. And this is taking into account accidents. The environmental loss from nuclear power plants cannot be compared to those millions of tons of harmful emissions into the atmosphere that killed animals and people during oil production. The difference here is many times.
    so it’s necessary to be puzzled by the construction of a nuclear power plant on one of the Kuril islands (the one that is closer to japas) and sell energy to them (cable, they themselves will bring ... wink ) and questions to the disputed territories will disappear ... and in case of something, you don’t need to evacuate anyone, the main thing is to guess with the currents so that everything blows towards the Americans ... laughing joking of course, but still ... wink
  14. kostya_a
    kostya_a 18 September 2013 12: 35 New
    +1
    And why build it, now we are building a floating nuclear power plant on the platform. The tugboat has hitched and towed wherever you want! It is called (FNPP) “Academician Lomonosov”. In 2016, they should build according to plans! It is good that the Yankees during the 20 years of the collapse of the country could not stick their nose into the nuclear energy of Russia! Now perhaps in the World only the French are also developed in the Miron atom!
  15. nod739
    nod739 18 September 2013 13: 29 New
    +1
    something tells me that the local green-fed mattresses
    raw materials - limited
    And in the United States, most nuclear power plants

    in Japan, around the coast, siemens seems to make sea windmills, very successfully, environmentally and technically, albeit expensive
    1. Ivan79
      Ivan79 18 September 2013 14: 03 New
      0
      Quote: nod739
      something tells me that the local green-fed mattresses

      The way it is. Our oil platforms are attacking. (http://ria.ru/incidents/20130918/963974694.html#13795025429913&message=resize&re
      lto = register & action = addClass & value = registration)
      But the discharge of radioactive waste by the Japanese into the sea does not notice something. No googo
      greenpeace about fukushima. Have I really missed something?
  16. Volkhov
    Volkhov 18 September 2013 13: 31 New
    -2
    The closure of reactors is an advantage of imperial rule in Japan - there is a piece of conscience in power and the country is prepared for disaster in order to save more of its citizens. The same is true in Germany ... but in our country, the opposite is the case in the nuclear industry, so that it would suffer more during the destruction of facilities.
  17. Watchman
    Watchman 18 September 2013 15: 15 New
    0
    While everyone shies away from nuclear energy, Russia should develop it so that when everyone else understands the benefits of being a world leader in this field, as well as the largest supplier of energy, reactors and related materials.
  18. DuraLexSedLex.
    DuraLexSedLex. 18 September 2013 15: 58 New
    0
    In my purely personal IMHO, the Japanese were idiotic from the very beginning, namely: Well, what *** thought of building a nuclear power plant ON THE SHORE ***) And not just on the shore (I'm talking about Fukushima), but in a seismic dangerous area))) There are brain it is not necessary, or was this done initially with the expectation of using water from the ocean and releasing it back into the ocean ?!
    In the history of mankind, only one catastrophe is known, before Fukushima, it was Chernobyl, and then there was a human factor there. Well, here too the very choice of place should be normal initially, and not like that. A peaceful atom is harmless if wisely used.
    It's like with matches, you know how to use it, you can cook and eat, no, you yourself will burn and you will burn others.
    1. zardoz
      zardoz 18 September 2013 16: 06 New
      +1
      For example, the Armenian nuclear power plant, as it were in a seismic hazard zone, even withstood an earthquake
  19. pensioner
    pensioner 18 September 2013 16: 33 New
    0
    In Japan, the last nuclear reactor was stopped
    Well. We are waiting for a visit for gas. Essentially with money.
  20. pensioner
    pensioner 18 September 2013 16: 36 New
    0
    And the future is for nuclear power. Definitely. And thank God that we are doing well in this industry.
  21. Glory333
    Glory333 18 September 2013 17: 17 New
    0
    Nuclear technology is obviously dangerous, the Japanese saved on security for which they paid.
    Yes, they wrote correctly above - only thermonuclear energy will solve the energy problem, thermonuclear technologies developed rapidly and successfully until 1991, after all the work was put on the brakes, why? The answer is obvious - oil companies do not need a competitor who will bury them - they inhibit the development of thermonuclear fusion.
  22. Jrvin
    Jrvin 18 September 2013 19: 13 New
    0
    Somewhere the statement of one Japanese leader flashed after the tragedy in Chernobyl: "Russians with a nuclear reactor are like monkeys and higher mathematics" it was before ... Yapi still refuse help ... proud samurai ...
  23. teleset
    teleset 18 September 2013 20: 05 New
    +1
    By the way, things are really bad on focus. Their task now is to pull out all the rods, is it possible without damaging them, I think it’s unlikely, see if you have a crumpled pack of cigarettes then you can’t remove the cigarette without damaging it. And if the rod is damaged when pulled out then there will be dry hell. In the coming year, I think we will find out whether they succeeded or not.
    1. AlNikolaich
      AlNikolaich 18 September 2013 21: 24 New
      +4
      Quote: teleset
      Their task now is to pull out all the rods, is it possible without damaging them, I think it’s unlikely

      I am tormented by vague doubts that there is already nothing to pull out there! In the reactors, molten compote of rods, graphite pieces and other details. Plus, the reaction is proceeding. Heat is removed by pouring water, and it flows into the ocean contaminated with radionuclides. The Japanese do nothing more, and are not going to! (Apparently they cannot and cannot).
      In short, welcome to hell!
      1. Jrvin
        Jrvin 19 September 2013 03: 04 New
        0
        It was not necessary to fill with water, but tin-lead shavings.