Military Review

Competition from the Chinese PMCs is a matter of time

32
Competition from the Chinese PMCs is a matter of time



At present, China has a difficult situation where 16% of young specialists with higher education (age from 21 to 25 years) cannot find a job, which forces many to seek the use of their forces outside their own country. Domestic companies are not able to provide the labor market with enough jobs for people with higher education. It did not even help the Chinese authorities to accept graduates of higher educational institutions for temporary positions in state institutions. Thus, at present, around 16, thousands of leading Chinese companies and 5 million citizens of the Middle Kingdom work outside of China. About 300 thousand Chinese work in the overseas offices of state-owned companies.

This situation has arisen due to a sharp increase in the number of students in the Middle Kingdom - during the last 10 years, the number of students in universities has increased fourfold. Already in 2013, 7 million graduates from Chinese colleges and universities will enter the labor market! The country's economy is not able to provide them with work. Experts believe that in order to get out of this situation, economic growth of at least 8% per year is necessary, otherwise China will face mass unemployment. But according to the available information, the growth of the Chinese economy in 2013 was very slow, at most 7,5%.

Chinese companies are forced to look for contracts abroad and in this they managed to achieve significant success - in 2013, Chinese firms (according to Xinhua news agency) concluded 80% of contracts from the total number of new global transactions. Only in the first quarter of this year, contracts were concluded for 170 projects, the amounts for each of which exceed $ 50 million, and the total volume of transactions exceeded $ 33 billion. In 80% of these works, Chinese companies are either general contractors or work according to the principle of key". Also important is the fact that 52 Chinese firms are on the list of the two hundred largest international contractors.

It must be said that, like everyone else, working abroad, Chinese workers and specialists are at great risk. Over the past eight years, over 50 Chinese citizens have died in foreign countries. It is not possible to accurately indicate the number of Chinese missing, beaten, robbed, or abducted outside the territory of the Middle Kingdom. Chinese workers died in Afghanistan and Pakistan - 14 people, Ethiopia - 8 killed Chinese oil workers, Sudan - 8 abducted and 5 people died, Burma - 4 workers died, Chinese fishermen died. Repeatedly, the Chinese authorities had to urgently evacuate their citizens from the territory of foreign states. For example, in 13, 2011 thousands of Chinese workers were urgently removed from Libya and Egypt. In addition, there is no security system for 50 million Chinese tourists who annually visit other countries of the world. And every year the number of traveling and working Chinese overseas increases significantly.

The growing economy of China requires an increase in sales markets for products, works and services, as well as obtaining the necessary natural resources. And this can be achieved through entry into foreign markets. Thus, there was an urgent need to ensure the safety of not only Chinese specialists, workers located outside of their own country, but also commercial facilities, transport routes, and Chinese investments.

We note that at present in China there is actually no structure that would assume the responsibility to protect the Chinese presence in foreign countries. It is no secret, of course, that the Chinese are studying the experience of foreign commercial PMCs, such as, for example, Academi (formerly Blackwater). And they are close to start issuing licenses to domestic private military companies to enter the world security and military services market.

So, world media in 2004 year, voiced the proposal of one of the Chinese security companies, to protect important people of Chinese business abroad. It was assumed that the guard would be carried out by bodyguards who had previously served in special military and police units in China. In 2007, the Middle Kingdom began to operate a consular protection bureau, whose duty was to protect Chinese diplomats abroad. This unit had the authority to protect the embassies, evacuating employees in the event of an attack. However, it must be said that the officers of this guard did not have weapons.

In 2009, it became necessary to guard copper mines in Afghanistan owned by Chinese companies, but the Chinese authorities didn’t go further than the discussion of sending police forces to protect the interests of domestic companies.

At present, Chinese PMCs in Sudan are protected by deposits owned by Chinese entrepreneurs. This grouping consists of 40 thousands of fighters dressed in military uniform without insignia. But formally, these militaries do not belong to the Chinese army, but are employees of a private organization. The greatest resonance and publicity about the actions of Chinese military companies turned out in 2012, when employees of one of the Chinese PMCs, together with their Sudanese colleagues, participated in the operation to free Chinese 29 workers captured in Sudan. However, the operation was not very successful, as a result one of the hostages was killed. The catalyst for the formation and development of Chinese PMCs was the abduction of 25 Chinese workers in Egypt in the same 2012 year.

Note that Africa is the most promising territory for Chinese companies. Only in Angola there are about 200 thousand Chinese workers, in Nigeria 50 thousand, Sudan - 25 thousand, in Congo - 10 thousand. In Africa, 800 companies of the Middle Kingdom operate and one million Chinese live. To maintain its commercial position on the black continent, China has invested significant sums in funds to support Chinese savings in Africa.

In addition, China became part of the UN peacekeeping forces on the African continent, thereby ensuring its near-war security presence in Africa. As they say - a precedent has been created.

Another region of the world is actively being developed by Chinese companies - this is South America. Thousands of Chinese workers and companies have developed turbulent activity in Latin America. In terms of security, these countries are clearly not prosperous.

According to media research, the informal PMCs - Shandong Huawei Security Group has received the greatest popularity in China today. The company recruits former military, special forces, police, security guards of Chinese embassies, specialists in the protection of airlines. The main springboard for the work of this PMCs were oil-producing Chinese companies in Iraq and Afghanistan - such as, for example, China National Petroleum Corporation, mining companies, construction and transport companies. China hopes that it will manage to preserve the occupied niche in the economy of these countries even after the Coalition forces leave the region. So, only in Pakistan, more than 10 thousands of Chinese workers have already found work.

Shandong Huawei Security Group has already managed to establish mutually beneficial cooperation with Australian, Taiwanese, Indian security companies.

Another notable Beijing PMC - Alfa-Angel (Beijing Co), created by an Israeli, specializes in training employees of Chinese companies to ensure the safety of working Chinese in the Middle East.

Another PMC Beijing General Security Service, despite the fact that the existing good experience with foreign customers in China, is in no hurry to go to the international level. This is due to shortcomings in domestic regulatory legislation and the lack of the necessary level of preparedness of Chinese PMC fighters in order to create international PMC competition in the security and military services market. So, according to experts, Chinese PMCs do not have the necessary experience in hot spots, which is also inferior to private Western military security companies. However, despite these shortcomings, some Chinese PMCs still work abroad, without advertising their work for legal and political reasons.

In recent years, sea pirates have intensified. And each captain of a Chinese ship, going on a long voyage, would have liked to board a reliable armed guard. Fighters of the Chinese Navy is clearly not enough to ensure the safety of Chinese sea transport. It should be noted that the problem is very acute - for several years only Somali pirates captured about a dozen Chinese ships. Well-trained Chinese marine PMCs could solve the security problem for ships flying the Chinese flag.

The advantages of using Chinese PMCs by the Celestial companies are that their services are inexpensive, the fighters speak their native language, and most importantly - they own. Chinese companies know that local guards abroad will surrender them at the first danger, while their own will take measures to protect the interests of their compatriots. The danger is also the fact that in all foreign countries, residents are not satisfied with the growing number of Chinese living in their state. And it is unlikely that existing and international PMCs will welcome a new competitor in the military and security services market, especially from China. The most influential of them - the British, American and South African PMCs will take all measures to discredit the Chinese competitors.

At the same time, the Chinese authorities fear that some unsuccessful operation of the Chinese private special forces conducted on the territory of another state could harm the position of "political non-interference", which the government of the Middle Kingdom adheres to. However, there is another side to the issue of using Chinese PMCs in foreign countries - it is easier for Chinese authorities to engage in PMC operations that are not formally subordinate to the leadership of the Middle Kingdom, and this will avoid diplomatic complications, aggravating anti-Chinese sentiments and international scandals.

Based on the foregoing, the experts conclude that the creation of the Chinese PMCs is already decided. And their appearance on the world market of military and security services is only a matter of time.

Materials used:
http://www.inosmi.ru/op_ed/20130716/210995365.html
http://conjuncture.ru/vpk_17-07-2013/
http://modern-warfare.livejournal.com/1118700.html
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32 comments
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  1. Lech from ZATULINKI
    Lech from ZATULINKI 18 September 2013 08: 18 New
    +4
    In fact, PMCs are essentially a freelance combat organization - the state can easily hire these people to handle sensitive wet affairs (in the case of everything, you can always wash your hands. I AM NOT ME AND HORSE NOT MY)
    1. Letterksi
      Letterksi 18 September 2013 09: 49 New
      +7
      So the time has come for Chinese wet affairs, and not just the kind of "kind and fluffy assimilation," as they say everywhere. Now, Chinese mafia diplomats will go with the Chinese PMC-roof to "sovereign" states.

      Arrived!
    2. Geisenberg
      Geisenberg 18 September 2013 15: 58 New
      +1
      Quote: Lech from ZATULINKI
      In fact, PMCs are essentially a freelance combat organization - the state can easily hire these people to handle sensitive wet affairs (in the case of everything, you can always wash your hands. I AM NOT ME AND HORSE NOT MY)


      In fact, this is what is called. Private army. If the state hires it, it will be a state army.

      Due to the idiotic policy of our state regarding weapons, this is impossible with us. We will hire the Chinese ...
  2. Field
    Field 18 September 2013 08: 28 New
    +3
    Wait for logging, greenhouses, markets and construction sites in our country am
    And then they want to extract oil and gas.
    1. Pit
      Pit 18 September 2013 09: 21 New
      +2
      In our country it is not so easy to obtain a license for weapons to citizens of the country, and foreigners so tm more. If they do, then at the embassy it is possible (though unlikely) at some major construction site where only the Chinese work
  3. Asan Ata
    Asan Ata 18 September 2013 08: 39 New
    +9
    Private international business needs international private military companies. The USA, having created this trend, released gin from the bottle. PMCs on the go-ahead of the suzerain conquer the state, Libya, for example. Obviously, a similar structure is fighting in Syria. The current level of international trade, when, for example, in Almaty, the capital of apples, Brazilian apples are sold in season, bust. International business should be within 10-15% of local production, including high-tech, new drugs and technologies. Only in this case the evil empire, which has swallowed up the economies of many countries, will lose ground for an economic and military presence in sovereign countries.
  4. Denis_Rossiya
    Denis_Rossiya 18 September 2013 10: 05 New
    +3
    Now, having put together two articles .... this and “Growing China, drowning Russia,” - The Economist, everything falls into place .... buying up assets around the world and resettling its people .... well, as a result of these action - PMC growth
  5. Shellback
    Shellback 18 September 2013 10: 08 New
    0
    China is already a competitor to Russia.
    1. AVV
      AVV 18 September 2013 10: 43 New
      +3
      Chinese PMCs will primarily protect the interests of Chinese campaigns, as well as engage in espionage in the interests of China around the world !!!
      1. Shellback
        Shellback 18 September 2013 11: 20 New
        0
        Quote: AVV
        Chinese PMCs will primarily protect the interests of Chinese campaigns, as well as engage in espionage in the interests of China around the world !!!

        China has been doing this for a long time.
        1. Blackgrifon
          Blackgrifon 19 September 2013 19: 58 New
          0
          Quote: Shellback
          China is already a competitor to Russia.


          And he never was an ally to us - remember what were the relations between China, the Russian Empire, and later with the USSR?


          PS: We have no allies - only fellow travelers.
  6. Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 18 September 2013 10: 25 New
    +5
    That yes, yes, the resumption of fuss with PMCs, but to be honest - a vile mercenary, because a mercenary is a scoundrel and a bastard by definition, the second most dangerous thing is after nuclear weapons. Or maybe the first, because it is very tempting to resort to the services of mercenaries and it seems to be safe.
    The most harmless thing that can happen from this is the emergence of corporate states. Then anatsephals, including from the oak-like State Department of State, will howl! Only howl will be late. Any mercenary fighting over the territory of their own country should be executed without trial. No international standards, no conventions on prisoners can be applied to them; this plague leaves the bare desert after the slightest relaxation.
  7. chunga-changa
    chunga-changa 18 September 2013 10: 29 New
    0
    Interesting perspective, thanks for the article.
  8. eplewke
    eplewke 18 September 2013 11: 17 New
    +3
    Where are our PMCs ??? I do not think that they will be worse than American or Chinese. And even better!
    1. saygon66
      saygon66 18 September 2013 18: 54 New
      +1
      - There are such companies: RSB-group and Orel-antiterror. In the same Ukraine, there are an order of magnitude more ... Unfortunately, our security services market is not developing properly.
      1. AlNikolaich
        AlNikolaich 18 September 2013 19: 59 New
        0
        Quote: saygon66
        - There are such companies: RSB-group and Orel-antiterror. In the same Ukraine, there are an order of magnitude more ... Unfortunately, our security services market is not developing properly.

        I do not agree somewhat. Domestically, it can be imperceptible, but abroad ... We have long had something to oppose Black Water ...
  9. Proud.
    Proud. 18 September 2013 11: 42 New
    +1
    Chinese PMCs Legalized units of the Triad?
    Shandong HuaweiSecurity Group.
    She also makes her smartphones. laughing
    1. AlNikolaich
      AlNikolaich 18 September 2013 20: 01 New
      0
      Quote: Be proud.
      Shandong Huawei Security Group.
      She also makes her smartphones.

      Huawei smartphones releases Taiwan! good
  10. Sergey Medvedev
    Sergey Medvedev 18 September 2013 11: 43 New
    +1
    And our PMCs are stupidly prevented from developing. For example, I did not hear that our armed guards defended our oil workers abroad. Probably amerovskie companies, now the Chinese will appear.
    1. Onotollah
      Onotollah 18 September 2013 17: 24 New
      0
      If I am not mistaken, then there was information that Gazprom and Rosneft were allowed to form their own corporate security structures.
    2. saygon66
      saygon66 18 September 2013 18: 55 New
      0
      - There were articles in the Bratishka magazine about ours, who were guarding the oil refinery in Basra, it seems ...
      1. AlNikolaich
        AlNikolaich 18 September 2013 20: 11 New
        0
        Quote: saygon66
        - There were articles in the Bratishka magazine about ours, who were guarding the oil refinery in Basra, it seems ...

        This is only the part of the iceberg that is visible ...
        Domestic PMCs are strongly tied to our own special services. Sometimes you don’t understand where one ends and the other begins ... As a rule, there are pensioners from the special services, either those who quit, or "like quit." These structures have existed for about ten years, they do not advertise or advertise activities. Scandals as with the US "Black Water" did not surface. They work for themselves and work for their own good and the homeland. And thank God...
  11. ed65b
    ed65b 18 September 2013 11: 51 New
    +2
    Do not bring nonsense dear forum users. No Chinese PMCs will go in normal countries, only in Africa and ruined countries without a law. How do you imagine Chinese PMCs, for example, in Russia or Europe? Rave.
    1. Letterksi
      Letterksi 18 September 2013 21: 44 New
      +4
      In ten years, I can easily imagine

      For example, 10 years ago I did not represent the NATO base near Ulyanovsk, 20 years ago I did not represent the American base at the airport in Kyrgyzstan, 30 years ago I did not represent anything at all, and I enjoyed a happy cloudless childhood under the cover of a powerful country. The world is changing fast
      1. Arabist
        Arabist 18 September 2013 21: 46 New
        0
        The base is not military.
  12. Tatarus
    Tatarus 18 September 2013 11: 53 New
    +2
    Quote: eplewke
    Where are our PMCs ??? I do not think that they will be worse than American or Chinese. And even better!


    Really where? With the help of PMCs, we could have long slaughtered Islamists in Syria. With the help of PMCs, we could help Venezuela regroup Colombia. We could have done a lot if we created PMCs. Is the government afraid? No. I think it’s just stupid, as has happened more than once in our history. Remember the butts for a helicopter and others like that. Oak generals (who are unfortunately not a little) are really sitting and interfere with the work of normal generals (who do not forget to monitor situations). And wait, after all. As before the Patriotic War. All the cavalry were pumped, but the tanks were needed. No, I understand "the more oaks in the army, the stronger our defense", but WHY should any normal affairs begin with a slap from the President? Is this a scoop? Or is our mentality? Nonsense! We are not like that !!! We can and should want. And lagging behind not because they are not capable, but because we do not delve into it.
    1. serg83
      serg83 18 September 2013 12: 22 New
      +2
      Our PMCs already exist .... For example, the Slavic corps. So everything is in order with the authorities.
    2. Onotollah
      Onotollah 18 September 2013 17: 26 New
      +1
      Quote: Tatarus
      Is the government afraid? No. I think it’s just stupid, as has happened more than once in our history.

      As a rhetorical question - is the Chechen PMC good or bad?
  13. svskor80
    svskor80 18 September 2013 12: 50 New
    +2
    Probably the Chinese strongly liked the movie The Expendables from Stallone. They also want it that way. :)
  14. washi
    washi 18 September 2013 15: 09 New
    +2
    There can be no private companies in China.
    This is not an official entry of the Chinese Armed Forces to protect their specialists and enterprises outside the PRC.
    Such a move would not hurt us either, or the number of guards already exceeds the number of the RF Armed Forces. And this, though stupid, but combat-ready bodies.
    1. Tartary
      Tartary 18 September 2013 15: 55 New
      +3
      Quote: Vasya
      Such a move would not hurt us either, or the number of guards already exceeds the number of the RF Armed Forces. And this, though stupid, but combat-ready bodies.

      Not interested in how many different security structures, including and private, there are masters of various sports with higher education, and how many have passed hot spots, and how many have undergone special training or had contracts with the Defense Ministry in various branches of the Russian Federation ??
      Take an interest, and then declare about stupidity and bodies ...
  15. Free Island
    Free Island 18 September 2013 19: 18 New
    0
    "... experts are at great risk. Over the past eight years, more than 50 Chinese citizens have died in foreign countries ..." .. migrant workers from Central Asia have killed ten times more Russian citizens in Russia over the past eight years .. I don’t understand)))) 50 Chinese for a two-billionth China is a big loss? yes, for sure, the Chinese government is sleeping and sees how it is possible to send its citizens to hundreds of thousands away from the country and no matter what, when they didn’t return to China)))
  16. Semurg
    Semurg 18 September 2013 22: 07 New
    +1
    I read in my childhood a fantastic novel about corporate armies and their wars with state armies will probably come true.
  17. Asan Ata
    Asan Ata 18 September 2013 22: 53 New
    +1
    Russia at the UN should initiate a resolution on PMCs. Kazakhstan will support.
  18. Savva30
    Savva30 19 September 2013 19: 38 New
    0
    Come on ... let's break through ...