Military Review

Chinese dragon: normal flight

30
China is expanding its expansion into Russia and Central Asia. Together with Russia, the “dragon” has recently been implementing dozens of projects in various areas. The success of bilateral cooperation was marked by Xi Jinping and Vladimir Putin at the G20 summit. In addition, analysts believe that it is Russia and China that are driving the development of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. Meanwhile, the expansion of the PRC to Central Asia is growing.


Chinese dragon: normal flight


The President of Russia positively assessed the development of Russian-Chinese relations. He said this at a meeting with the chairman of the PRC. Xi Jinping noted that the parties had achieved a “serious breakthrough” in fifty joint projects in sixteen directions. Following the negotiations, the companies of the Russian Federation and the People's Republic of China signed a number of agreements in the oil and gas sector, "Voice of Russia".

“I am very pleased with the new opportunity to see you,” said V. Putin to the Chinese leader, and Xi Jinping thanked the Russian president for inviting me, calling him his “best friend.”

Russian Technologies Corporation has signed an agreement on strategic cooperation with the Chinese Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation. In addition, in the presence of V. Putin and Xi Jinping, NOVATEK and the China National Petroleum Corporation signed an agreement on cooperation on the Yamal LNG project, which involves signing a long-term contract to supply China with at least 3 million tons of liquefied natural gas per year. Finally, Gazprom signed an agreement with CNPC on the terms of Russian gas supplies to China via the so-called eastern route.

It became known about future projects. The head of Rosneft, Igor Sechin, said that the company plans to sign agreements with CNPC related to the expansion of cooperation by the end of this year.

In an interview with CCTV, which leads "InoTV", Russian Deputy Prime Minister Arkady Dvorkovich said that China and Russia complement each other:

“… For the most part, we complement each other, and this is a good basis for interaction in the energy industry, the innovation industry, in the field of security and in finance. <…>

In essence, by providing energy to China, we are contributing to growth in both Russia and China, which is good. Declaring the same position at the UN Security Council, as I believe, we contribute to international security, and this is good. So I think this cooperation is based on both common aspirations and pragmatic interests. ”


Before the SCO summit in Bishkek, analyst Tamerlan Ibraimov suggested that the dynamics of this organization are set only by Russia and China. The expert was interviewed by Azamat Tynaev (Radio "Azattyk"). When asked why Kyrgyzstan participated in the SCO, Ibraimov answered:

“This is due to the fact that the direction and dynamics of the activities of the SCO are set only by two countries - Russia and, to an even greater extent, China, and their priorities are of a different nature. First of all, it is the involvement of neighboring countries in the orbit of its influence. Kyrgyzstan is not a significant player in this game, which, in fact, is good for us. ”


Regarding Kyrgyzstan, the analyst points to Chinese assistance and lists: an oil refinery, power lines, a gas pipeline, an alternative North-South road, and other projects. At the same time, the analyst says, whatever may be said about Chinese expansion, “if someone is willing to invest in our infrastructure and industry, you should use this opportunity.” Trampling on the spot and refusal of modernization projects are much more dangerous, the expert believes.

Recently, Xi Jinping made a ten-day visit to the countries of Central Asia. The Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the PRC, Cheng Guoping, reported on the outcome of the visits of the PRC Chairman to Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan, as well as Xi Jinping's participation in the Bishkek Summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, reports cri.cn.

Cheng Guoping called the visits of the PRC Chairman Xi Jinping to four Central Asian countries and participation in the SCO summit in Bishkek “an overseas trip of historical significance.”

During the visits, Cheng Guoping noted, China’s policy towards Central Asia was comprehensively outlined, and “significant progress” was achieved in energy cooperation.

After the completion of the SCO summit in Bishkek, Cheng Guoping said, the Chinese side, together with other SCO participants, will implement "all the consensus reached by the heads of state." Also, the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs said that China would provide all-round support to Tajikistan, which presides over the SCO.

In this context, it is interesting that, as indicated by the portal china.org.cnThe importance of China’s position on Central Asia, stated by Xi Jinping, lies in the fact that the Celestial Empire does not claim to "dominate regional affairs and emphasize the sphere of influence in Central Asia."

As the professor at the Institute of International Relations of the Chinese People’s University Shi Yinhong emphasized, China has achieved dynamic development with regard to diplomacy and the economy in the region, and in order to maintain friendly relations with local states, China should continue to “adhere to modesty and prudence to clearly declare that there are no domination in regional affairs and the allocation of spheres of influence ".

Some experts noted that Central Asia has rich resources. In addition, the region has a geopolitical advantage - because of which it can become an object of competition for major powers. If China moves its strategic center to Central Asia, complex relationships can exacerbate local instability.

However, according to Chinese analysts, the performance of Comrade Xi Jinping on September 7 dispersed the clouds. The diplomatic position of China in Central Asia is as follows: through business cooperation to jointly develop China and Central Asia, contributing to the stability of the latter. In addition, China does not want to turn Central Asia into a testing ground for the "intrigue of powers."

The material further states that the Secretary of the SCO China Research Center, Chen Yurong, noted that Xi Jinping’s speech was aimed at China’s economic cooperation with the countries of Central Asia.

As Igor Rotar reminds (Rosbalt), the trade turnover of the five countries of Central Asia with China today is more than 23 billion euros, which is 2 billion euros more than the same indicator of trade with European countries. The PRC exports more than 10% of oil and gas from this region. For example, Kazakhstan supplies a quarter of its oil to China. Therefore, many experts suggest that the countries of Central Asia will be fully under the influence of Beijing in the future. Large-scale investments in the region of the Middle Kingdom, the analyst notes, are the most real in Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan.

At the end of the review, it is necessary to say about lending to China and Russia within the framework of the BRICS.

As Yana Milyukova writes (Gazeta.ru), Russia, China, and Brazil also provided record growth in overseas lending in emerging markets.

The volume of international loans in emerging markets in the first quarter of 2013, compared to the fourth quarter of 2012, increased by $ 267 billion and amounted to 3,4 trillion. dollars Growth for the quarter - 8,4%. As for the volume of interbank loans, they increased even more: by about 200 billion dollars, or by 12%. 85% growth provided loans to China, Brazil and Russia. This record statistics made public by the Bank for International Settlements.

In China, the volume of loans issued by foreign banks increased in the first quarter by 160 billion dollars, or by 31%. In Russia, growth was 18% (29 billion.).

In this case, the West goes down. The volume of international loans in Britain fell by 4%, and in the eurozone - by 2,7%. In the US, the reduction was 0,8%. The so-called developed countries are pulling the general statistics. The volume of international loans in the first quarter as a whole declined by $ 28 billion, or 0,1%.

Thus, early Western investors buried BRICS, and also prematurely wrote off China (which is periodically predicted almost an economic catastrophe, unless the Celestial advances to the mind and doesn’t do something completely liberal from its economy, in full compliance with the International Monetary Fund stock). As for the expansion of China into Central Asia, the dragon is known to be a cunning creature. Friendship is friendship, and money apart ...

Observed and commented on Oleg Chuvakin
- especially for topwar.ru
Photos used:
Nikolay Karetnikov “Voice of Russia”
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  1. aszzz888
    aszzz888 19 September 2013 08: 53 New
    0
    After all, it is necessary to oppose something and someone to the presumptuous mericatos.
    Otherwise it is impossible, they will crumple and not notice.
    1. experienced
      experienced 19 September 2013 13: 56 New
      +4
      China is throwing a "credit stranglehold" not only on the countries of Central and North Asia, but also on European countries and the CIS countries. Russia is creating fertile ground by distributing and forgiving loans, and China is skillfully using its loans to expand its influence in the region. Yesterday Belarus "howled":
      Belarus turned to China for a $ 500 million loan and 5 billion yuan ($ 817 million) to channel these funds into investment projects, the head of the National Bank, Nadezhda Ermakova, said on Wednesday.

      “The terms for obtaining a loan will be known after signing the agreement, the amount with which we have contacted and are working with the Chinese side is $ 500 million and 5 billion yuan,” the head of the National Bank said, quoted by ITAR-TASS.

      She added that Belarus needs the yuan in order to pay off loans that were previously borrowed from the Chinese side for a number of investment projects. “It’s easier for us to return them in RMB,” said Yermakova.


      I remember earlier (about 3 years ago) Russia tried to give a loan to Belarus in rubles, but then Lukashenka firmly stood on the position: "Only in dollars!" That's right, Russia will forgive loans anyway, and what a fig for him rubles? winked
      1. Max otto
        Max otto 19 September 2013 14: 30 New
        +5
        Quote: seasoned
        That's right, Russia will forgive loans anyway, and why the hell is it rubles? winked

        Remind me how much and when Russia forgave Belarus. Belarus is not Angola or Vietnam, they have not forgiven anything. Pore ​​some utter nonsense.
        1. experienced
          experienced 19 September 2013 14: 46 New
          0
          Quote: Max Otto
          Remind me how much and when Russia forgave Belarus. Belarus is not Angola or Vietnam, they have not forgiven anything.

          Alexei, how much did Lukashenka "twist" with Russian oil? How many "low-interest" loans received against the promises of the "union state"?
          Here is from his speech in December 2013:
          «If we are siblings, we need to help. We need a couple of billion dollars of inexpensive money, these are commercial loans for modernization of enterprises", - explained the head of state, speaking to students of the Belarusian State University of Informatics and Radio Electronics

          Whose money is the nuclear power plant in Belarus currently being built, do not remind? winked
          At the end of November last year, Prime Minister Vladimir Putin said that Russia will provide Belarus with a loan of $ 10 billion for a period of 15 years - this amount should cover 90% of the cost of the station.

          I am a great optimist, but something tells me that with the current level of the economy of Belarus, all these loans will be too heavy for it and, following the example of others, will simply be “written off”, I don’t even want to think about their fate after Lukashenka’s “leaving” ...
          1. Apollo
            Apollo 19 September 2013 14: 56 New
            +2
            Quote: seasoned
            How many "low-interest" loans received against the promises of the "union state"?


            Alex, hi if Lukashenko comes to power, the union state. He shines the post of vice president of the union state, can you imagine how many oligarchs will twist into a sheep’s horn. So who is not profitable, the actual union in a union state, Lukashenko or the oligarchs ?!
            1. experienced
              experienced 19 September 2013 15: 01 New
              +1
              Quote: Apollon
              if Lukashenko comes to power, the union state. He shines the post of vice president of the union state, can you imagine how many oligarchs will twist into a sheep’s horn. So who is not profitable, the actual union in a union state, Lukashenko or the oligarchs ?!

              Apollo, welcome hi You are very optimistic about the independence of the Russian government from the oligarchs ... I don’t want to remember the "family", the times of EBN, who brought the GDP to power ...
              The number of dollar billionaires in Russia is growing and all this is only on the sale of resources (well, there is nothing more to get rich in Russia for now), so we recall the classic: "He may eat something, but who will give him?" repeat
          2. Max otto
            Max otto 19 September 2013 17: 13 New
            +3
            Quote: seasoned

            Alexei, how much did Lukashenka "twist" with Russian oil? How many "low-interest" loans received against the promises of the "union state"?
            Here is from his speech in December 2013:
            «If we are siblings, we need to help. We need a couple of billion dollars of inexpensive money, these are commercial loans for modernization of enterprises", - explained the head of state, speaking to students of the Belarusian State University of Informatics and Radio Electronics

            With Russian oil, he did not particularly twist, there were gaps in Russian legislation, he used them, these are not his problems, "business, nothing personal." There is no damage to the Russian economy, there is competition between Kerimov and Dvorokovich, nothing more.
            A loan, even if it is low-interest, is still a loan, it was not "given just like that", it must be given. The fact that the republic needs money is nothing to say, there are almost no resources, but he asks not for nothing, but for a percentage, albeit not a large one. A nuclear power plant is not a bag of gold, you cannot take it away, it may well belong, in which case, and Russia, this is a project without risk, electricity here will be torn off with hands in any direction.
            Quote: seasoned

            I am a great optimist, but something tells me that with the current level of the economy of Belarus, all these loans will be too heavy for it and, following the example of others, will simply be “written off”, I don’t even want to think about their fate after Lukashenka’s “leaving” ...

            If Lukashenko leaves, even I’m afraid to assume what will happen here. No need to idealize it, here the scale of corruption is certainly less at times, but it is state-owned. Those. people from well-known law enforcement agencies can calmly squeeze out a highly profitable business, change the management of the enterprise, if it starts to crank out some kind of scam. It costs nothing to put a person just like that. In this regard, I even refused to head a rather big plant, knowing that the regional authorities were creating there (I am not local, there is no one to intercede for me).
            I give a couple of links: http://news.tut.by/society/366767.html
            Read on what article is sitting, the rest is not interesting.
            http://www.belta.by/ru/all_news/incident?id=646567
            I was detained for a bribe. I’ll note one point: cement in the republic is acute-deficient (naturally in industrial volumes), people sit in front of the checkpoint every day (and I was among them with the same problems), who would gladly give 5 times more, only for shipment not in turn established by the ministry, nothing seems illegal. But they put him in a trifle - a clear provocation, and not stupid people are clearly visible.
            So that not everything is smooth here with us. Of course, Lukoshenko is not personally to blame for this, but ... the retinue he is forming has an effect.
            I also note that loans do not dissolve into nowhere, they are invested - buildings are being built, enterprises are being modernized, etc., and it costs money, more than all loans, so if Belarus defaults, there’s something to sell you to cover everything . And do not write anymore that Russia gives or gives Belarus something for nothing, this all belongs to the field of myths, Russia will quietly strip it into 3 skins.
            Let's hope for the best. Positive progress, that is, Onishchenko pulled a muzzle, and thanks for that.
            1. alone
              alone 19 September 2013 22: 00 New
              +1
              as if supplementing the dispute. events cover the year 2010

              Gazprom "from June 21 began to restrict gas supplies to Belarus due to the debt of the Belarusian side. In two days, the restrictions were brought to 60% of the plan." Gazprom said that Minsk owed about $ 190 million, since it paid for gas less than established in the contract. On Wednesday, June 23, Minsk announced that it had transferred $ 187 million to Gazprom. President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko said that he turned to his friends for help in order to lend him money. Later, he clarified that it was about Azerbaijan.
              On the morning of June 24, Gazprom announced that Belarus had paid off its debt and gas supplies to the republic had been resumed in full.


              RIA Novosti http://ria.ru/economy/20100629/251122552.html#ixzz2fMYRKkQy
  2. serge-68-68
    serge-68-68 19 September 2013 09: 05 New
    +5
    "The importance of China's position in relation to Central Asia outlined by Xi Jinping is that the Celestial Empire does not claim" dominance in regional affairs and the allocation of a sphere of influence in Central Asia "- I wonder if anyone believes this? However, perhaps Jinping was honest : Why should China love Asia when it plays for world domination? And plays extremely effectively: Russia is the last one with Snowden, the Russian Federation is the last one with Syria ... At the same time, billions of Chinese money are completely slaughtered by Russian billions.
    The PRC strategy is designed for a hundred years. Leisurely.
    Such are they ancient civilizations that shone when the Europeans were still running after each other with wooden sticks and stepping on their tails (I exaggerate, of course, but not much).
    1. demeen1
      demeen1 19 September 2013 09: 18 New
      +3
      China does not pretend, but buys this domination, starting from Kazakhstan and ending with Tajikistan and further there to the south-west
    2. Tarpon
      Tarpon 19 September 2013 09: 40 New
      0
      Quote: serge-68-68
      .
      The PRC strategy is designed for a hundred years. Leisurely.
      .

      Right. They know exactly what they want.
    3. Glory333
      Glory333 19 September 2013 10: 37 New
      +1
      At the UN, China is completely on the side of Russia in the Syrian issue, if Snowden had appeared in the PRC he would have been sheltered there too.
      As for Europeans with sticks and tails, study history; read, for example, about Minoan civilization, ignorance must be fought.
    4. Black Colonel
      Black Colonel 19 September 2013 13: 45 New
      0
      "Jinping was honest: why would China care Asia when he plays for world domination?"
      Come on! World domination must start somewhere. The 3rd Reich also started small - with the "Anschluss", and then the appetite and arrogance from permissiveness increased. Everyone knows what happened next.
  3. ivshubarin
    ivshubarin 19 September 2013 09: 33 New
    0
    No wonder they consider themselves the center of the earth
  4. Guun
    Guun 19 September 2013 09: 38 New
    0
    I was surprised - absolutely liberal, in full accordance with the programs of the International Monetary Fund - otherwise the crisis will knock at home. They are already trying to push into the economy. What the West prophesies smacks of an economic threat to China.
  5. bairat
    bairat 19 September 2013 09: 55 New
    +3
    I’m even afraid to imagine at what price ours will sell gas to the Chinese. Electricity is sold at 1.4 rubles per kilowatt, while it costs 3-4 rubles to its population and small business. What kind of competition is there with Chinese goods with such a difference in tariffs.
    1. Bigriver
      Bigriver 19 September 2013 10: 20 New
      0
      Quote: bairat
      Electricity is sold at 1.4 rubles per kilowatt, while it costs 3-4 rubles to its population and small business.

      Wholesale price energy going to China and sold in the Far East alone - 1,5 rubles without VAT.
      For end users, both in China and in the Far East it is different.
      For example, on the other side of the Amur River near Blagoveshchensk, in Haihe, the cost of email. energy for end consumers is 2,2 rubles. But in the south of China, it can be less than 1,5 rubles. Peaceful atom in the service!
      And the competitiveness of Chinese goods provides a lack of social services and a willingness to work for 8-15 dollars a day.
    2. Black Colonel
      Black Colonel 19 September 2013 13: 48 New
      0
      Strongly agree with you. From this difference and from the approach to their fellow citizens and the economy within the country, nothing would have happened.
    3. 31231
      31231 19 September 2013 15: 35 New
      0
      Don’t give the link to electricity for the Chinese at 1,8 rubles and for us at 4 rubles ?!
      1. Alexander Romanov
        Alexander Romanov 19 September 2013 15: 40 New
        0
        Quote: 31231
        Don’t give the link to electricity for the Chinese at 1,8 rubles and for us at 4 rubles ?!

        This is a well-known fact! And to the question to Putin, why so? he replied, all the questions to the intermediaries are that they raise prices. Somehow he answered hi
        1. 31231
          31231 19 September 2013 17: 58 New
          0
          1,8 rubles for China where ?! In Khabar at a distribution substation or at a consumer. I take my electricity bill. Yekaterinburg, Oktyabrsky district. 4,08 rubles per limit and 5, 53 over the limit. VAT INCLUDED.
          If there is a link for electricity imported from us from the consumer, I will be grateful. And you are sure that this cheap electricity is from us, and not near Chinese nuclear power plants or hydroelectric power stations. It seems to me in Zeya, Bureya and nearby settlements it is cheaper. After all, the resistance of the conductor is part of the energy lost, plus maintenance increases with the length of the power line. Some energy lenders certainly do not argue the price bend.
  6. Yuri Y.
    Yuri Y. 19 September 2013 10: 11 New
    0
    Quote: aszzz888
    After all, it is necessary to oppose something and someone to the presumptuous mericatos.
    Otherwise it is impossible, they will crumple and not notice.

    Of course, for this period of confrontation with the United States, Russia is looking for allies. You just need not to forget that without your own development (economic, demographic, etc.) you will not be swallowed up by some others, and remember the main ally of your army and navy. Although it may have gotten a sore point on our site, it has ceased to be relevant.
  7. Chicot 1
    Chicot 1 19 September 2013 11: 55 New
    +1
    Chinese dragon. The final...
    1. Black Colonel
      Black Colonel 19 September 2013 13: 50 New
      +1
      Oh well. Dreams Dreams... winked
      1. Chicot 1
        Chicot 1 19 September 2013 19: 44 New
        +1
        Quote: Black Colonel
        Oh well. Dreams Dreams

        Dreaming is not bad. In addition, if desired, these dreams come true ... wink
    2. Ivan Ural
      Ivan Ural 19 September 2013 18: 38 New
      +1
      This is not a Chinese dragon, this European. Bestiary should be studied wink
      1. Chicot 1
        Chicot 1 19 September 2013 19: 48 New
        +1
        Quote: Ivan Ural
        Bestiary should be studied

        Wow, as it turns out everything is complicated and confusing ... laughing
        Quote: Ivan Ural
        This is not a Chinese dragon, this European

        Yes, spit it out! The main thing is that the knight striking him is Russian! If in doubt, look at the armor ... wink

        But in any case, the finale of the Chinese dragon will be the same as in the picture! bully
  8. darksoul
    darksoul 19 September 2013 13: 56 New
    +4
    How everyone admired the Chinese ..class .... our government needs a kick under jo ... you just have to give pu, it’s a sin to develop in general with such territories and resources of Russia, it would be better if on September 11, 2001 the plane didn’t fall in America but eb..a .nul on the central building of Gazprom. Until all the resources are sold out, the countries will not calm down ......
  9. 31231
    31231 19 September 2013 15: 37 New
    0
    Since the Chinese want us to increase the volume of gas and oil, someone means they will refuse. Qatar and the Saudis will have to drag to Europe at a cheap price.
    1. alone
      alone 19 September 2013 22: 03 New
      +2
      China buys a huge amount of oil from Iran. So it is still unknown who will suffer from this
  10. Admiral 013
    Admiral 013 19 September 2013 16: 36 New
    +2
    The most important thing is to ensure that this dragon does not turn into a mountain snake. The Chinese have long been teaching their children that the territory of the Primorsky Territory (and not only) once belonged to them and it would be nice to return these territories in the near future. So we live here, quietly reflect on this and hope that Kune will not hit the urine in the head and that his government will finally restore the military-industrial complex, collapsed from the Urals to our Far East.
  11. Goldmitro
    Goldmitro 19 September 2013 19: 37 New
    0
    <<< As the professor of the Institute of International Relations of the Chinese People's University Shi Yinhong emphasized, ... in order to maintain friendly relations with local states, China should continue to "adhere to modesty and prudence, clearly declare the absence of claims to dominance in regional affairs and allocation of a sphere of influence ”.
    .... according to Chinese analysts, Comrade Xi Jinping's speech on September 7 cleared the clouds. >>>
    Did anyone expect to hear something else? The diplomacy of the Celestial Empire, where to achieve everything "quietly", without noise and dust is almost a national character trait, and could not say anything else! But. as they say, nature does not tolerate emptiness and there is only one place ON TOP, and if the dominant influence of Russia in the countries of Central Asia falls, then China is systematically taking its place, which is observed in practice, and not in words! I. it seems that Russia's hope for its priority, based on past ties since the days of the USSR, does not justify itself!
  12. Lindon
    Lindon 20 September 2013 07: 56 New
    -1
    China is a good neighbor.
    It buys oil and gas - hence the high prices for them - which means that the economy of Russia and other oil countries will stay afloat.
    As soon as China bends, the world economy will come to an end. First of all, to bend raw countries - Russia in the first place.
    China gives money - it is very expensive. Try to forget about China and ask for money at the IMF or in world markets - they will be ripped off like a linden.
    China does not meddle in the internal affairs of countries. Beijing will not, like the US and the EU, impose its "democracy" - the Chinese don't care.