Chinese circus did not take place
The general impression from MAKS-2013 suggests that this event is for internal use with the involvement of rare friends. And the double-deck giant Airbus A-380, capable of carrying up to 850 passengers, rather confirms this theory. He flew to Russia to demonstrate the "flag" and participate in the "show program" on a par with the French fighter "Rafale" and the Chinese aerobatic team. There were still Swiss on the F-18, but almost no one saw them - the American technology failed, the plane simply broke down.
We waited a lot from the Chinese on light fighters Chengdu J-10 with the Russian engines AL-31FN, but their performance seemed like a breeze to the brilliant and complicated aerobatics "Swifts" and "Vityaz". They hoped to see the exotic, a kind of unique Chinese circus, only in the sky, but against the background of the masters of their craft, they looked like diligent students. It would be better if 28 million rubles were given away not to Chinese pilots, and a third of this amount was allocated to the Russian national aerobatics team, which did not have the money to deliver their planes to the United States for the world championship. But the spectators of MAKS were lucky - an enchanting aerobatics was shown by a seven-time absolute world champion among women in aerobatics Svetlana Kapanina. She flew on import EXTRA ‑ 300. Favorite aircraft champions, pilots and just beautiful - Su-26 and Su-31 - no longer produce. And they are still the best in the world, most of the cars are sold abroad.
Trotter - hope for military appeal
Light twin-engine turboprop aircraft "Trotter" lives in hope.
It was developed at the Tekhnoavia Design Bureau; they decided to build it in Samara at the missile production base at TsSKB Progress. The reinforced chassis and large-diameter pneumatics give it the ability to land on the ground, withstand "hard" landings and "goats" under the control of cadets of flight schools. But it is the Ulyanovsk Civil School aviation Framed the plane with a bandwagon - refused to pay and accept the built cars. They explained that Austrian Diamond DA42 Twin Star aircraft were purchased for training. Beautiful, expensive and, for our conditions, rather flimsy, with small chassis wheels.
Manufacturers and creators of "Rysachka", it seems, have agreed with the Ministry of Defense, and the plane has already gone to GLITZ them. V.P. Chkalov in the Astrakhan region, where he began testing. The Ministry of Defense plans to use it in patrol, search and rescue and training options. Now it’s an 10-seat machine, the output already has options on 16 and 19 seats. What is not a replacement for An ‑ 2? Cruising speed 250 – 400 km / h, range to 2 thousand km, take-off run - 370 meters, mileage - 350. The main thing is that the lobbyists of the Western aircraft technicians do not hurry up and do not slip something more beautiful and expensive to the military. At the air show, one Rysachok participated in the flight program, while the other demonstrated a brutal essence in the coloring of the Russian Air Force, with blocks of missiles suspended under the fuselage - just an attack aircraft for the poor.
New is well forgotten old
Ukrainian presence, in addition to successful regionals An-148 and An-158, provided two more interesting flying cars - modernized by the company "Motor Sich" Mi-8MSB helicopter and An-2-100 biplane. It would be an exaggeration to say that the helicopter and the corncob made a splash, but the experts appreciated that the old Mi-8T with new engines and gearbox gained unprecedented agility and ability to set world records, climbing to 9 150 meters. An-2, replacing the piston gasoline engine of the Great Patriotic War with the MC-14 turboprop, also became dashing, without a strain, to take off - the engine power increased by one and a half times. The native ASH-62IR engine was developed in 1938 and managed to do some fighting on the X-NUMX fighter “Chaika” and the famous “donkey” I-153. Moreover, today special aviation gasoline in the country is not produced, but imported from Finland, and its price exceeds 16 rubles. per liter. And the use of motor gasoline has repeatedly led to engine failures and accidents.
With new hearts, old cars have gained competitiveness in all respects — from fuel economy to improving flight performance: the range, speed, flight altitude, reliability, and overhaul life have increased. It is clear that the manufacturers of the Mi-8 / Mi-17 family and local air lines look at it without affection - such a modernization is a much more budgetary way to update the fleet of airlines than buying new equipment for many times more money. But the trick is that helicopter builders are already overwhelmed with orders, and airplanes capable of flying, like the An-2, on rural airfields and landing sites, are not being mass-produced.
True, at the air show, the An-2 fellow showed himself beautifully in flying from one bear corner to another in the twin-engine DHC ‑ 6 Twin Otter-400 Canadian production. It takes off from the “patch”, landing almost without run. It is easy to “change shoes” from a wheeled chassis to skis or floats. The legendary car is built with 1966, flies everywhere - in Antarctica and the deserts of Australia. In 1988, the aircraft was removed from production, but it turned out that it does not have a full-fledged replacement and is not expected. And after nearly twenty years, the upgraded Twin Otter re-enters the market. Isn’t it true that it’s not at all similar to the actions of the Russian leaders We manage to declare obsolete aircraft development began 90-s. It was possible to look and feel this car in a static parking lot. In the cabin 19 compact but comfortable seats. I checked it personally, for me it is better than in the economy class of the liner - even if it is too narrow, but my knees do not rest on the back of the front seat. The cabin is the most modern, no archaic.
We have Twin Otter promoting the Vityaz air corporation, a screwdriver assembly from Canadian car kits in the special economic zone of the Ulyanovsk region is expected. They promised that this will happen in 2012 year. So what? Now, according to a company representative, "a fence has already been built around the future production site." The only obvious disadvantage of this car is the price for 6 million dollars. For this money, you can upgrade to a “like new” 6 – 7 An-2. Also, opponents of Twin Otter say that 252 machines from 850 are lost in aircraft crashes. However, it is important to take into account the “holes” of airplanes of this type.
About An-70 written a lot. His fate tightly intertwined with "twists" in the Russian-Ukrainian relations. It is worthwhile for the presidents of fraternal peoples to meet and agree on expanding cooperation - An-70 is on horseback. There are regular claims of Moscow to Kiev - the plane is not needed, funding stops. Stretched for decades. And on the sly, officials and functionaries lobby their interests. So, deputy prime minister Dm Rogozin for no reason called An-70 "Virtual plane". And he shocked the specialists with the words that "we saw it take off from a short strip and the ground only on paper", that by its technical characteristics it is almost a direct competitor to the purely Russian IL-76MD-90A (IL-476). It is strange that the Deputy Prime Minister did not see the short take-offs of An-70, but the visitors of MAKS saw it. The truth is not from the ground, and from the concrete strip LII them. M.M. Gromov, but the run-up of the car is phenomenally short - like the Su-30 fighter. Landing is not less impressive - the four-motor hulk, the mass for 100 tons stops almost immediately, like a sports car. We will make a discount on the fact that flights on air shows always take place with a minimum load and half-empty fuel tanks, but the potential of An-70 is obvious. And the commander of the Airborne Forces General Vladimir Shamanov claims - Aircraft troops need. The minimum airspeed of the An-70, confirmed by the tests, is 98 km / h. Ela - 220 km / h. Fuel consumption - 4,4 tons of kerosene per flight hour against 8 tons - almost half. True, at cruising speed, An is inferior to Ilu to 100 km / h. However, Il-76 is not able to deliver troops and equipment in close proximity to the conflict zone, it requires a normal - long - runway, and not a ground "shorty" of the 650 – 700 field airfield in length. The An-70 cab is wider and taller in order to be able to transport military equipment, as the Americans do on their Glo-Master military transport C-17. Colonel-General Anatoly Sitnov in 1994 – 2000 He was the chief of armaments of the Armed Forces of Russia and directly participated in the formation of a technical assignment for a new aircraft:
- We have identified the nomenclature of the most important military cargo from 20. Everything was taken into account: the system of loading, unloading, take-off and landing. And it fully complies with the technical conditions. The parameters of the aircraft ahead of all existing cars today. Americans in the middle of 90-x, having learned the characteristics of engines D-27, it was announced that these are the 5 generation engines, and in 15 – 20 years they will do the same. It took two decades - did not. The plane is also suitable for solving special problems; conversion to the civilian version is possible. On its basis, it is realistic to make a passenger version. For this plane it is necessary to fight, especially since the Russian in it to 80%, including scientific groundwork.
A. Sitnov: We must fight for An-70.
Dmitry Kiva, Antonov’s General Designer, expressed even more categorically at a press conference in the An-158 showroom at the MAKS demonstration site:
- Let Russia refuse this aircraft - I will launch it into production in my Kiev. There are buyers for him.
It will be difficult for him to do this - 280 Russian and all 80 Ukrainian enterprises are involved in airplane cooperation. Mass production, assembly, are assumed in Russia, in Ulyanovsk. But it seems that our leaders from the government, the presidential administration, and UAC are pushing Ukrainian aircraft manufacturers into the arms of others. Production of An-158 and other machines of the company "Antonov" are ready to accept other countries. They will pay the money, get the know-how.
Why do our Oak and the Ministry of Industry and Trade with the participation of the Ministry of Defense, by hook or by crook, delay the holding of joint An-70 state tests with Ukraine? State tests are the final point for deciding whether we need this aircraft or not, whether it meets the stated tactical and technical characteristics. Perhaps the answer lies in a recent statement by the Prime Minister of Ukraine Mykola Azarov: “I had a meeting with the French leadership and the leadership of the airline Airbus, and they told me directly that your plane (An-70) is better than ours (A-400M), but we will do everything to ensure that your aircraft does not find a sales market. ” Long live free competition! Or Russian-French friendship?
"Effective managers" can offend even the famous general designer. For a solemn presentation IL-476 was not invited twice Hero of Socialist Labor Heinrich Vasilievich Novozhilovunder whose leadership and created IL-76:
- Probably, they are afraid that I will say something uncomfortable. They scream at all angles - this is a new aircraft. And if you look at the glider, the aerodynamics - not a millimeter from the old car did not move.
There is nothing bad to say about IL-476 - the good fellows, that they transferred production from Russia to distant Tashkent, modernized the stuffing, the wing design, reduced the crew. The plane found a second life - the Americans are following the same path, constantly improving successful models. Bestseller Boeing 737 made the first flight in the year 1967 and constantly, for almost half a century, develops.
The first after God
Head of UAC M. Pogosyan and his accomplices dream of leaving us with "Superjet" and the killed industry - enterprises providing aircraft factories with avionics, hydraulics, chassis and hundreds of other positions, are not involved in the construction program of the “Superjet”. Helicopter Ka-62, painted with lacquer contours, the Superjet also turned, only from Russian Helicopters - engines, gearbox, rotor blades and much more are being supplied from abroad. Mid-haul liner MS-21which Irkut is preparing to produce, from the same company - the engines are still imported, equipment for the most part, too. "Superjet" and MC-21, from the point of view of Anatoly Sitnova, no more than "resetting the aircraft industry." And the blow under the breath of the domestic GLONASS system - in the aircraft, built on the import stuffing, the American system of global positioning GPS works.
However, they say, the MS-21 will have more of our components. Wait and see, there is no aircraft yet. What is significant, Pogosyan broke the signing of a firm contract for the purchase of 30 MS-21 aircraft between Irkut and Sberbank-Leasing. “Take the Superjet, or there will be no deal,” - approximately like this, according to the words of those present, Pogosyan said. The result is an agreement on 20 MC-21 and ... 20 "Superjet" liners. A solid jackpot from 1,4 billion dollars goes to Sukhoi Civil Aircraft (GSS).
And what about Tu-334? General Director of JSC "Tupolev" Alexander Bobryshev not inclined to contradict Poghosyan. Moreover, it seems, he is with him. The most successful aircraft of the company, surpassing the "Superjet" in many ways, seems to him a dangerous topic - for Pogosyan, the Tu-334 is like a red rag for a bull. Answering the question of the portal Avia.ru, whether the Tu-334 will fly, the head and “patriot” of the company replies: “Probably not.” And the president’s approval resolution on the Tu-334, he believes, is not a decree: “According to the resolutions, it is possible to proceed to the formation, but not to form it”. But there is a gap - an agreement has been signed on the supply of upgraded 15 aircraft TU-204CM for Russian airlines Red Wings and VIM-Avia". However, only this event passed unnoticed, and it is not known whether the KLA will give an opportunity to put these agreements into practice. For M. Pogosyan, this car is an annoying and harmful alien that interferes with its very existence.
Tu-204SM on takeoff.
MAKS confirmed that the main face of our aviation industry is M. Poghosyan and nobody is afraid of anything. Now he is in the aviation industry first after God. For him, there are no aircraft, except those where he participated as a designer or manager. Prime Minister M. is zombied: on the first day of the salon, Dmitry Anatolyevich announced that the successful foundation of projects in the aircraft industry is “international specialization and cooperation, when one project combines advanced scientific and technological developments, optimal technological solutions or best management practices from various countries. We also have such examples: this is the creation of our regional Sukhoi SuperJet 100 aircraft in collaboration with leading world manufacturers, whose authority is generally recognized. ”
I wonder what the unemployed aircraft manufacturers think about this? Pogosyan continues to lead everyone by the nose - from ordinary citizens to the country's president. And on the speakerphone it’s spreading: “The keys to the Ferrari car were found in the parking lot ...” At the same time, somewhere in the north of the Leningrad region, for six days, retired helicopter pilots, lieutenant colonel Alexey Ustalov and colonel Igor Zelenovsky with local caring comrades pulled out of the quagmire combat attack aircraft of the Great Patriotic IL 2. Last Sunday, almost a whole airplane was brought to Samara. It will become the basis for the restoration of Russia's only “flying tank»To the 75th anniversary of the Victory. The editors of AN participate in the realization of this noble goal.
Why should not Putin offer to “poke the gruel,” as he did at the conference on shipbuilding in Vladivostok, which is responsible for the aircraft industry and, accordingly, the country's defense capability? The farther, the more difficult without a basis in the form of powerful civil aviation to equip with modern units and devices new combat vehicles - Su-35, T-50 PAK FA. They fly beautifully, brightly, but they are not suitable for real combat. And then, God forbid, the adversary will come to us and put everyone on the right path. Who is the first in line for instruction, and so it is clear.