Military Review

New Russian spaceship

49
Presented at MAKS-2013 a full-size model of a manned transport spacecraft of a new generation (PTKK NP) is designed for a comfortable flight of four people with a large supply of food and water.


Consider it closer.



2. “It’s like a luxury ship designed to fly around the moon. There is another option equipped with six previous generation Kazbek lodgments: it will fly to the ISS. Thus, RSC Energia offers options for long-haul and short-term flights”, - says Vladimir Pirozhkov, President of the Center for Industrial Design and Innovations at the University of MISiS.



3. The new-generation manned transport spacecraft developed in Russia is equipped with a comfortable toilet, and NASA astronauts will have to use diapers during their flight on their new Orion spacecraft.



“The important point that distinguishes the new Russian spacecraft from the American one is the availability of the automated control system (sanitation device). Probably, there is no need to explain how comfortable it is to use the automatic control system than the diapers provided for the Orion astronauts.

4. The toilet will be hidden behind a curtain in the lower right corner. While there is empty, this is the layout.



5. In addition, there are now a limited number of sanitary facilities on the Russian segment of the International Space Station (ISS), so the ship equipped with an additional “space toilet” will definitely not be superfluous.



6. The new ship will allow astronauts to get up to their full height. This is an important difference from the Lockheed Martin that is being tested by NASA’s new American spacecraft Orion, in which the astronauts are forced to be in a half-bent state, which is completely uncomfortable.



7. Both Orion and our ship have the shape of a truncated cone, but the American version is lower in height, so astronauts can only fly in it reclining. While working at the MAKS-2013 aerospace show, Lockheed Martin specialists examined the new Russian development and confirmed that it’s impossible to straighten up to the fullest extent in Orion.



8. According to Pirozhkov, two main versions of the new spacecraft have now been developed.
The full-scale model of the PTKK NP is no longer a concept, but a practically ready ship, the first test launch of which in unmanned mode is scheduled to take place at 2017 - the beginning of 2018, and the manned one is closer to 2020.



9. The ship of new generation is reusable, and is designed to carry out up to ten flights, both to the ISS and to the lunar orbit. The lead developer is RSC Energia with the participation of the MISiS University.



10. Some details:



11. Foldable leg holder is adjustable with two buttons on the sides - simple and convenient.



12. Attention to detail.



13. Fixture for a toilet. The special tank during the process will be covered with a dense noise insulation curtain.



14. Remote control ship.



15. The Russian ship also received fundamentally new flight chairs made of carbon fiber. In this direction, the designer worked closely with the Moscow-based NPO Zvezda, a world-renowned developer and manufacturer of Kazbek lodgements and Sokol flight suits for the Soyuz spacecraft.



16. "Thanks to the use of composite materials, we were able to save on each seat from 15 to 20 kilograms of weight, as a result of which we can take an extra supply of water or food," says Pirozhkov.



17. Unlike previous generation Kazbek lodgements, the new seats are designed for a person of any size, and are regulated in all anthropometric directions. The design of the chairs is such that the cradle, still made individually for each cosmonaut, is embedded inside their reusable body, which is very convenient. At the take-off stage, the astronauts in any case will have to be in flight suits, and after they are put into orbit, they can be removed.



18. That is such a beauty!

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  1. Canep
    Canep 12 September 2013 08: 05 New
    +1
    God forbid if they begin to fall, as now Protons.
    1. ben gun
      ben gun 12 September 2013 08: 23 New
      0
      God forbid, all these designer beauties will have to be redone in a hurry, or because of the beauties they did not put the required margin of safety in the same chair. It’s done beautifully, no doubt, and you can stand at full height and there is a toilet there. Would fly soon, huh?
      1. rolik
        rolik 12 September 2013 12: 54 New
        +5
        Quote: ben gun
        God forbid, all these designer beauties will have to be redone in a hurry, or because of the beauties they didn’t put the required margin of safety in the same chair.

        At one time, Tupolev said that only a beautiful plane can fly well. It seems that this sign should also act on the spaceship.
      2. Sirs
        Sirs 13 September 2013 05: 35 New
        +1
        These are all theories of the designer, in practice, many nodes will leave because why change what has proved itself (well, they can upgrade it), 100% electronics and the life support system will be new i.e. new design.
    2. rolik
      rolik 12 September 2013 12: 51 New
      0
      Quote: Canep
      God forbid if they start to fall as Proton is now

      These ships are not Protons will be displayed in space. Proton, a cargo ship.
  2. tronin.maxim
    tronin.maxim 12 September 2013 08: 18 New
    +4
    Everything's OK! good The most important thing is to put into series and operate according to its purpose!
    1. Aryan
      Aryan 12 September 2013 11: 46 New
      +1
      and those famous ceramic tiles that were on Buran?
      They are no longer in the subject?
      I had the honor in my time to hold one such in my hands
      will be something to tell grandchildren
  3. Professor
    Professor 12 September 2013 08: 27 New
    -1
    1. Alexander Romanov
      Alexander Romanov 12 September 2013 08: 40 New
      +3
      Quote: Professor
      Something like Spartan. Here is how the bourgeoisie had:

      Better Spartan than Bourgeois
      1. Professor
        Professor 12 September 2013 08: 58 New
        +8
        Video of the disasters of Soviet / Russian missiles spread? Failures happen at all.
        1. Alexander Romanov
          Alexander Romanov 13 September 2013 05: 22 New
          0
          Quote: Professor
          Video of the disasters of Soviet / Russian missiles spread?

          With crews will you spread or protons? Maybe put the second shuttle.
    2. Alexey Prikazchikov
      Alexey Prikazchikov 12 September 2013 09: 08 New
      +2
      What you showed on the contrary looks like Spartan. And our photo is very comfortable.
      1. il grand casino
        il grand casino 12 September 2013 10: 50 New
        +1
        The girls will not argue. Places that there that there is no nichrome laughing .
        On the topic well done what they do. Space must be mastered.
        But the catastrophes and failures of both us and the bourgeoisie were enough
    3. biglow
      biglow 12 September 2013 10: 57 New
      +4
      Quote: Professor
      Something like Spartan. Here is how the bourgeoisie had:

      Professor, as always, you write the same thing - everything is fine in the West and everything in Russia ... oh, where are the Israeli astronauts and rockets plowing the cosmos and where are your athletes? to see no one ... laughing
      1. Professor
        Professor 12 September 2013 11: 53 New
        -2
        Quote: biglow
        Professor, as always, you write the same thing - everything is fine in the West and everything in Russia is ... oh,

        And where is it written here that the Western is good and the Russian is not? I describe the situation in the ship presented here that looks simple and Spartan and at Discovery where there is nowhere to poke a finger so as not to get into any button.

        Quote: biglow
        and where are the Israeli astronauts and rockets plowing the cosmos and where are your athletes? to see no one ...

        Are you sure you want to talk about this topic? I think you should not.
        1. biglow
          biglow 12 September 2013 13: 39 New
          +3
          Quote: Professor
          Quote: biglow
          Professor, as always, you write the same thing - everything is fine in the West and everything in Russia is ... oh,

          And where is it written here that the Western is good and the Russian is not? I describe the situation in the ship presented here that looks simple and Spartan and at Discovery where there is nowhere to poke a finger so as not to get into any button.

          Quote: biglow
          and where are the Israeli astronauts and rockets plowing the cosmos and where are your athletes? to see no one ...

          Are you sure you want to talk about this topic? I think you should not.

          the number of buttons on the shuttles and a large crew is an indicator of low automation control systems. The shuttles were equipped with an outdated computer system already at the time of installation, which required very frequent human intervention. The Americans got to the level of buran only recently, landing a smaller ship in unmanned mode and trumpeting about it around the world.
          1. Professor
            Professor 12 September 2013 13: 52 New
            0
            Quote: biglow
            the number of buttons on the shuttles and a large crew is an indicator of low automation control systems. The shuttles were equipped with an outdated computer system already at the time of installation, which required very frequent human intervention. The Americans got to the level of buran only recently, landing a smaller ship in unmanned mode and trumpeting about it around the world.

            To begin with, the photo of Buran’s cabin is not here for comparison. The software on the shuttles was really old and even recently it was downloaded from ancient 5-inch floppy disks. It took a lot of time, but no one wanted to change, they don’t touch what works. There were no software failures.

            Shuttles flew a lot, 2 were lost.
    4. Flooding
      Flooding 12 September 2013 11: 06 New
      +3
      Quote: Professor
      Like Spartan everything

      I have the very opposite impression - as if I watched footage from a science fiction film a decade ago. Professor, let not grief be upon you, and the Americans can someday ...

      Quote: Professor
      That's how the bourgeoisie had

      The number of buttons and toggle switches is impressive. In this regard, indeed the bourgeois on top.
      1. Professor
        Professor 12 September 2013 11: 54 New
        0
        Quote: Flood
        The number of buttons and toggle switches is impressive. In this regard, indeed the bourgeois on top.

        It is about this quantity that we are talking about.
      2. Alexey Prikazchikov
        Alexey Prikazchikov 12 September 2013 11: 57 New
        +4
        The number of buttons and toggle switches is impressive. In this regard, indeed the bourgeois on top.


        By the way, we have everything on several displays. This is an indicator of higher ergonomics.
    5. rolik
      rolik 12 September 2013 12: 59 New
      +4
      Quote: Professor
      Something like Spartan. Here is how the bourgeoisie had:

      On the contrary, it’s good when before your eyes there are fewer toggle switches, buttons, scales, and screens. Everything is reduced to several screens, and squint does not threaten)))) And among the bourgeoisie it looks more like the Star Wars films with a bunch of pens and pump-cases. I looked, looked at the bourgeois interior and realized what was missing there ........ handbrake wassat
      1. il grand casino
        il grand casino 12 September 2013 13: 05 New
        0
        Actually in Spartan this is Spartan)))
      2. Professor
        Professor 12 September 2013 13: 53 New
        +1
        Quote: rolik
        I looked, looked at the bourgeois interior and realized what was missing there ........ handbrake

        Not sure if she’s not there. laughing
        1. Dovmont
          Dovmont 12 September 2013 17: 09 New
          +1
          Is sportsmanly bad? So they say when they want to emphasize the effective minimum of something!
    6. Pimply
      Pimply 12 September 2013 17: 37 New
      +4
      Prof, do you take into account the difference in development time? And how far has electronics gone?
  4. SPBOBL
    SPBOBL 12 September 2013 08: 34 New
    +1
    however it may be ... BUT ... amricos should be excluded from Russian space ...
  5. The comment was deleted.
  6. The comment was deleted.
  7. Boot under the carpet
    Boot under the carpet 12 September 2013 08: 54 New
    +1
    I would equip it with a diving module, because our space objects love the Pacific so much ...
  8. Alexey Prikazchikov
    Alexey Prikazchikov 12 September 2013 09: 07 New
    0
    Handsome, because they can do it when they want and work on the design, and not as always.
  9. Docklishin
    Docklishin 12 September 2013 09: 29 New
    +1
    Article plus - I liked it. Proposal to M. D. Prokhorov, if of course he reads smile . Leave politics and put all the money into space exploration - commercial launches, tourism. After all, Virgin Galaxies can. And for 1 million dallars in total ... And then politics is politics, ё-mobile is a thankless job repeat
    1. Evrepid
      Evrepid 12 September 2013 12: 46 New
      0
      Let the e-mobile finish! There they will take up space. )))
      And then while the e-mobile is more and more like an ordinary car, in which they stuck something homemade.
      Although we must pay tribute to each time more and more industrial looks.
      Let them finish it, the cosmos will then be taken, realizing that the matter is huge :)
    2. rolik
      rolik 12 September 2013 13: 03 New
      0
      Quote: DocKlishin
      ё-mobile - thankless job

      Well, if Prokhorov’s designers make a spaceship like they did their ё-mobile, then it’s better not to. Let him hang out better in politics.
  10. JonnyT
    JonnyT 12 September 2013 09: 41 New
    +2
    Well, they have everything on diapers - they don’t change traditions, so to speak)))) By the way, the toilet was not shown, it’s a secret development))))) I’m glad that the astronauts can be of any complexion (within reason of course), but now they’re very severe requirements for dimensions and body weight .......
    In general, I am happy for us, but unfortunately this layout does not mean anything, and by the 20 years they could have raised the bar even higher, by this time the USSR had probably already planned manned flights to distant planets
    1. Flooding
      Flooding 12 September 2013 11: 12 New
      +1
      Quote: JonnyT
      Generally happy for us, but unfortunately this layout does not mean anything

      It depends on corporate policy and priority tasks.
      The layout of the Russian reusable ship personally tells me much more than, for example, the layout of the Polish tank Anders.
      1. JonnyT
        JonnyT 12 September 2013 16: 37 New
        0
        of course .... its shirt is closer to the body, but if you compare the capabilities of Poland and the Russian Federation, then the layout of the tank for the Poles is the same as for us to put into operation a space station .... I just hurt that Russia is the richest country in the world so far makes only models of ships in which there is nothing innovative (not counting the toilet)
    2. Dovmont
      Dovmont 12 September 2013 17: 12 New
      +1
      JonnyT In the USSR, unfortunately, nothing has been planned (((
  11. left-wing
    left-wing 12 September 2013 10: 38 New
    +2
    While we build ships, our space!
  12. repytw
    repytw 12 September 2013 11: 29 New
    +1
    Quote: Alexey Prikazchikov
    What you showed on the contrary looks like Spartan. And our photo is very comfortable.


    And ours seemed Spartan to me, that the designers couldn’t cover all the metal parts with plastic and work on the control stick, otherwise it’s beautiful in science fiction films, we must try to make the story come true, I’ll take it a lot.
    1. Locksmith
      Locksmith 12 September 2013 16: 27 New
      0
      Quote: repytw
      And ours seemed to me Spartan

      This is actually a landing capsule, and not a limousine, if anything starts to fly around the ship, then you can’t gather your brains there, overload can go too high under 10 G, imagine torn crap with a dynamic weight of half a ton flying freely around the ship. wink this is what a torn, empty chair might look like.
  13. Ulan
    Ulan 12 September 2013 11: 56 New
    +1
    Well, of course, the creation of a new ship cannot but rejoice.
    But it’s hardly possible to call it truly “reusable”. 10 flights are not a resource that you need to strive for. For flights to the moon, this is probably a good option, but for a near-earth orbit, apparently, a "spaceship" is still preferable.
    And what is the most annoying, he was with us 40 years ago.
    I am talking about the theme of Lozino-Lozinsky - "Spiral". But it was closed to please Buran ... but it’s a pity. It was necessary to develop this direction.
    And the whole article is undoubtedly a plus for our designers and scientists, who preserve and increase our achievements in space.
  14. El13
    El13 12 September 2013 14: 03 New
    0
    Well, finally they explained why at the last exhibition the ship was six-seater and this one was only four-seater ... It’s good that the work is underway, it pleases. Good luck to developers and good luck to testers!
  15. Yankuz
    Yankuz 12 September 2013 14: 38 New
    0
    Beautiful of course! Pleasing to the eye and ergonomics and interior. But the dashboard - some screens - is disturbing in the light of all the recent unsuccessful events associated with imported (probably Chinese) elemental filling. Is it really that exclusively domestic and reliable is used here?
  16. knn54
    knn54 12 September 2013 15: 12 New
    0
    They are again silent about the means of its delivery into orbit - the launch vehicle ...
  17. Tommygun
    Tommygun 12 September 2013 15: 51 New
    -1
    But the floor of the article about the toilet !!! Most likely there will be a bucket behind the curtain, as before and now on many long-range and strategic aircraft. I wonder who closer to the "parasite" will be planted? (Foreign partners)? laughing
  18. repytw
    repytw 12 September 2013 15: 56 New
    -1
    Quote: Tommygun
    But the floor of the article about the toilet !!! Most likely there will be a bucket behind the curtain, as before and now on many long-range and strategic aircraft. I wonder who closer to the "parasite" will be planted? (Foreign partners)? laughing


    I am afraid that in zero gravity the very first bucketron who used the facilities of a Russian ship will spend the entire flight behind the partition in a bent pose. tongue
  19. Tommygun
    Tommygun 12 September 2013 16: 00 New
    -1
    This is the only way to raise heroes !!!
    laughing Through hardship to the stars!!!
  20. Tommygun
    Tommygun 12 September 2013 16: 02 New
    -1
    And in general, I think that the toilet on the ship is superfluous!
    Who wants to fly stronger?
    I think the Yankees with a bunch of Mr. pants!
  21. theadenter
    theadenter 12 September 2013 22: 19 New
    0
    A beautiful thing, but some things, in my opinion, are superfluous there. However, in conditions of a long flight to the moon, it will not be superfluous. smile
  22. nod739
    nod739 12 September 2013 22: 35 New
    +2
    Quote: Professor
    Video of the disasters of Soviet / Russian missiles spread? Failures happen at all.



    September 26, 1983 - the accident of the Soyuz T-10-1 launch vehicle;
    There were no casualties during the accident. The SAS worked, and the descent vehicle rushed away from the rocket, which 2 seconds after the shooting fell apart, collapsing down into the pit of the launch pad. During the four seconds of operation of the solid propellant engines of the CAC, the astronauts Vladimir Titov and Gennady Strekalov experienced overloads from 14 to 18 g without health consequences (according to some data, even more than 20, but for a short time) rising to a height of 650 meters and then by inertia to 950 meters where the parachute opened. After 5 minutes, the descent vehicle with the astronauts landed four kilometers from the scene of the accident.

    ... and after the Challenger investigation, it turned out that some of the crew members definitely died when they hit the water.
    there are no such systems on the Shuttles; in Buran there was a CAC adapted from the Union,

    Guy Severin, chief designer of rescue systems, commenting on the Challenger accident in the 2000s, said that the Challenger crew would have a chance ...
  23. Boomer
    Boomer 12 September 2013 23: 05 New
    0
    the main thing is that it does not fall immediately after takeoff! Photo selection class !!!
    1. alone
      alone 12 September 2013 23: 13 New
      +1
      Yes! survived! now what we dream and wish for! so that it doesn’t fall right away! I think that the rockets don’t fall, it’s necessary to put responsible people there. And then they won’t fall.

      I will tell such a story. The first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Azerbaijan was Bagirov in the days of Stalin. Once he ordered the construction of a railway bridge in Baku. They quickly built it and made a report. Bagirov led the architect and his family to the bridge and put them under the bridge and ordered the train to be empty. collapsed. and the sheep are safe and the wolves are full.
  24. crasever
    crasever 14 September 2013 17: 49 New
    +1
    NASA is fluttering something with manned space - for the second time from scratch in 50 years, it has been developing a carrier and a ship for the Earth and (the Moon !!!) that does not yet have a general landing module, possessing a tremendous advantage in the form of repeatedly made manned lunar landings. ..
  25. sergey158-29
    sergey158-29 14 September 2013 19: 50 New
    0
    Probably SORTIR is one of the topics of modern COSMONAUTICS! laughing

    I don’t quite understand why he NEEDS with a short delivery scheme to the ISS, instead of 2 days = 6 hours? request Although, as a spare OPTION ...

    If SERIOUSLY - it is long necessary to REPLACE the "Union", and what will be there for WIPE the tenth question ... good