Military Review

September 11— Victory Day of the Russian squadron at Cape Tendra

26



8 September (28 August) 1790, a squadron under the command of the outstanding Russian commander Rear Admiral Fyodor Ushakov, in a battle at the Black Sea cape Tendra defeated a superior Turkish squadron. As a result of the intense battle 7 Turkish ships raised a white flag, the rest fled. The losses of the Turkish side were more than 2 thousands of people killed, more than 700 Turkish sailors and officers were captured. The Russian fleet suffered no losses in the ships, the casualties were 21 people, the 25 sailors were injured.

Nice victory at Cape Tendra became one of the key events of the Russo-Turkish war of 1787-1791, for many years to come ensuring Russia’s sole dominance in the Black Sea, including because it contributed to a breakthrough to Izmail Dneprovskaya flotilla and the successful capture of the fortress by ground forces under the command of Suvorov.
26 comments
Ad

The editorial board of Voenniy Obozreniye urgently needs a proofreader. Requirements: impeccable knowledge of the Russian language, diligence, discipline. Contact: [email protected]

Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. Skarte
    Skarte 11 September 2013 08: 03 New
    14
    Not a number, but a skill !!! I never cease to be surprised how they could, but how they could. Ours at all times, always breaking stereotypes and this was a surprise for many) soldier
    1. GreatRussia
      GreatRussia 11 September 2013 08: 31 New
      +8
      Funny article:

      ("Cumhuriyet", Turkey)

      The canvases in the Throne Hall of Peterhof are an important symbol, still reminiscent of what the Russians are capable of in their excitement to go to the southern seas!

      The Chesme battle is a milestone pillar in Russian expansionism. Therefore, the exhibition of paintings is still proudly presented in the very heart of the palace, in its most chosen place.

      The “victory” of Russia in the Chesme Bay is followed by the Kyuchuk-Kainardzhi peace treaty of 1774, which actually marked the beginning of the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. Then Russia constantly goes up, and the Ottoman Empire slowly collapses. This treaty prepares the exaltation of one and the extinction of the other.


      Nine years after the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in Chesme Bay, Catherine the Great annexed Crimea - the dream of all Russian tsars.

      Peterhof, the host of the G20, is a unique scene in this story. None of the palaces that I visited in Russia presented to me as such a concrete monument of Russia's imperial ambitions and expansionism.

      I hope that the Prime Minister, having prepared for the summit, saw these striking canvases, halls, and learned a corresponding lesson. A short tour of Peterhof shows that there is nothing for the Russians, no matter what they do to influence the “southern seas”.

      One of the most interesting indicators of Russia's return to imperial ambitions on the G20 in this imperial decor was the skirmish of an official representative of the Russian authorities with the British. The Russian official appealed to the gradual reduction of London’s influence in the world: “Apart from the Russian oligarchs buying Chelsea, this little island does not bother anyone else.” These words caused a terrible commotion.

      A news joke in British newspapers titled “Britain is a Small Island” dealt a serious blow to the pride of Great Britain.


      The Anglo-Saxons, who, like Obama, who have difficulty expanding the “coalition of volunteers,” have taken a course to “close in their own shells”, as revealed by a recent vote on Syria, demonstrate regression in their imperial ambitions. At the same time, Russia, with all its weight and presence, is returning to history.

      More:
      http://www.inosmi.ru/russia/20130910/212801023.html#ixzz2eYUGspcB
      Follow us: @inosmi on Twitter | InoSMI on Facebook
    2. Alikovo
      Alikovo 11 September 2013 09: 29 New
      +4
      I agree Suvorov took turtukay 2 times:
      1 Russians versus 760 Turks.
      2 Russians versus 1390 Turks.
  2. Root
    Root 11 September 2013 08: 16 New
    +9
    Honor and glory to the Russian sailors!
  3. Ram chandra
    Ram chandra 11 September 2013 08: 48 New
    +4
    I advise you to read the book "Brig Mercury".
    1. solomon
      solomon 11 September 2013 09: 11 New
      +6
      I. Aivazovsky
      "Brig" Mercury "attacked by two Turkish ships"
      1. solomon
        solomon 11 September 2013 09: 18 New
        +9
        The Russian brig, which carried patrol service, met with two linear Turkish ships. At the suggestion of the enemy, the brig commander captain-lieutenant A.I. Kazarsky ordered to respond with artillery fire. Russian ship had 18 guns against 184 enemy. After a hard fight "Mercury" forced the Turkish ships to retreat.
        1. dmn2
          dmn2 11 September 2013 09: 42 New
          +2
          I read the description of this battle. Ours there famously chopped up the masts to the Turks with cores and left, waving the handle)).
      2. Denis
        Denis 12 September 2013 03: 13 New
        +1
        Quote: solomon
        "Brig" Mercury "attacked by two Turkish ships"
        The entire squadron, it is painted only the flagship of the 110-gun “Selimiye” and the vice-flagship of the 74-gun “Real Bay”
        The Mercury commander, bypassing all the officers in turn, became convinced of their unanimous desire to accept the battle, despite the obvious unequal forces. The first to speak was the youngest in rank - the navigator lieutenant I. Prokofiev (it is noteworthy that he was the oldest by age). He offered to engage in battle with the enemy, and when the mast is shot down, a strong leak will open or the brig will be unable to resist, blow up the Mercury, clinging to one of the enemy ships. As a result, all officers unanimously accepted this proposal. To execute this decision, the captain of the brig Kazarsky put the loaded pistol on the spire in front of the entrance to the powder warehouse, and the stern flag, so that he would not come down under any circumstances, was nailed to the gaffel.

        In Sevastopol I will always stand, put a flower, drink and mate
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. The comment was deleted.
    4. The comment was deleted.
  4. aszzz888
    aszzz888 11 September 2013 08: 49 New
    +9
    And until now, all sorts of Erdog.na Russia are afraid, remembering the victory of F. Ushakov.
    They bark like dogs from the gateway, afraid to jump out into the street.
    Sit them in their kennel on a short chain until the end of the century and more!
    Glory to the Russian Navy, sailors!
    Glory to Russia!!!
  5. Drednout
    Drednout 11 September 2013 09: 20 New
    +5
    But the "shield" to the gates of Constantinople must be nailed down!
    1. omsbon
      omsbon 11 September 2013 10: 28 New
      +3
      Quote: Drednout
      But the "shield" to the gates of Constantinople must be nailed down!

      It’s better if the correct name of Istanbul is legalized on all maps of the world - Constantinople!
      1. kavkaz8888
        kavkaz8888 11 September 2013 23: 54 New
        0
        Better is Constantinople.
    2. Orik
      Orik 11 September 2013 18: 40 New
      +1
      It seems that this will not leave us ...
  6. AK-47
    AK-47 11 September 2013 09: 22 New
    +6
    Ushakov’s tactics, successfully used in the Tendra battle, were characterized by forcing the Turkish fleet to battle in unfavorable conditions for it, the rapid restructuring of the fleet from a field warrant in combat, delivering a short-range artillery strike, concentrating fire against the enemy’s flagships, using tactical reserve, decisive pursuit of the enemy with the provision of full initiative to the commanders of the ships, an important condition that ensured the victory of the Black Sea Fleet was good training and high moral and combat qualities of the personnel of the Russian ships.
  7. The comment was deleted.
  8. Dima190579
    Dima190579 11 September 2013 09: 26 New
    +2
    Glorious victory!
  9. Serg 122
    Serg 122 11 September 2013 09: 57 New
    +1
    Great people - Great things!
  10. chistii20
    chistii20 11 September 2013 09: 57 New
    +1
    In truth, glory to the Russian Navy and Russian weapons
  11. 006 Feliks
    006 Feliks 11 September 2013 10: 06 New
    +2
    He takes pride in his people, but there were craftsmen and daredevils!
  12. George
    George 11 September 2013 10: 11 New
    +2
    The glorious page of our history, inscribed with the heroism of our sailors.
  13. sashka
    sashka 11 September 2013 10: 34 New
    0
    History for us. Before the Pechenegs and Alexander Nevsky, Rus has no History? So they will be considered cattle .. We have ALWAYS been .. I just do not want to talk about it .. Nobody and will never be able to "rewrite" History. We Are ... and nothing can be done ...
  14. Ivan_Ivanov
    Ivan_Ivanov 11 September 2013 10: 41 New
    +2
    Ushakov is a great man, surrounded by great soldiers and led by great rulers.
  15. vedmeddd
    vedmeddd 11 September 2013 11: 19 New
    +3
    We beat the Turks, we will beat and beat! Such a fate)))
  16. kapitan281271
    kapitan281271 11 September 2013 12: 15 New
    +1
    I always spoke and will speak in all wars. The Russians defeated by skill and not by number.
    "RUSSIA is the universe, not a country ..." - Her Majesty Empress Catherine II the Great.
  17. Stas157
    Stas157 11 September 2013 13: 43 New
    +4
    Here's more you need to cover in the press such events! And then one negative only towards Russia!
    1. Duelist
      Duelist 11 September 2013 15: 37 New
      +1
      Quote: Stas157
      Here's more you need to cover in the press such events! And then one negative only towards Russia!

      Not only to illuminate, but also to celebrate memorable dates - to the envy of enemies, to the Bright Memory of Heroes, to be proud of their GREAT MOTHERLAND, to educate the country's patriots!

      This will be the DAYS OF RUSSIA!
  18. Stas157
    Stas157 11 September 2013 13: 46 New
    +4
    You read such news and discover with pleasure that we are the bearers of a glorious history! After all, when the Russians could!
  19. VohaAhov
    VohaAhov 11 September 2013 14: 18 New
    +1
    The victory was glorious. And naval commander Fedor Fedorovich Ushakov is great. However, today's naval commanders have stopped naming ships after great naval victories. Very few modern ships bear the names of Russian warships that distinguished themselves in battle. Except "Varyag" and "Koreyets" I don't remember anything now. There is no heir to "Mercury", "Rurik", etc.
  20. Sarmat1972
    Sarmat1972 11 September 2013 17: 45 New
    +1
    the more I read the articles on this site, the more convinced I am that Russians have it in their blood to be a winner !!!! Little war - 08.08.08: 1 Small Russian RC, the crew led by the commander of the ship managed to hit 2 RC of the Georgian Republic and leave ..... truly Ushakov's great-grandchildren !!!!!
  21. Oleg37
    Oleg37 11 September 2013 21: 02 New
    +1
    Quote: solomon
    The Russian brig, which carried patrol service, met with two linear Turkish ships. At the suggestion of the enemy, the brig commander captain-lieutenant A.I. Kazarsky ordered to respond with artillery fire. Russian ship had 18 guns against 184 enemy. After a hard fight "Mercury" forced the Turkish ships to retreat.

    May 14, 1829 A.I. Kazarsky and the crew of the brig forever inscribed their names in the history of the Russian fleet.

    They went to the apparent death, but did not bow their heads in front of the enemy, as did shortly before this battle the former commander of the brig "Mercury" (1826-1828) Captain 2nd Rank Semyon Mikhailovich Stroinikov.

    Commanding the 36-gun frigate "Raphael", he literally two days before the heroic battle of "Mercury", finding himself in the fog in the thick of the Turkish squadron, lowered the ship's flag and surrendered to the Turks.

    For the first time since the approval of the Naval Regulations by Peter I, a Russian ship lowered a flag in front of the enemy. The Turks renamed the frigate `` Fazli-Allah '' (given by God).

    At the time of the battle, Stroynikov was aboard the battleship Real-Bey. This is how the fate of the two commanders of the Mercury brig converged. One is inglorious, and the other is immortal.

    The enraged Emperor Nicholas I issues a decree, which says: "Trusting in the help of the Almighty, I remain in the hope that the fearless Black Sea Fleet, eager to wash away the infamy of the frigate Raphael, will not leave it in the hands of the enemy. But when it will be returned to our power. , then, considering this frigate henceforth unworthy to wear the Flag of Russia and serve along with other ships of our fleet, I command you to put it on fire. "

    The will of the emperor was fulfilled.


    After the Battle of Sinop, the flagship of Nakhimov's squadron "Empress Maria" with volleys of one hundred cannon smashed the former frigate "Raphael" to pieces.

    Even the enemy appreciated the courage of the commander and crew of the brig "Mercury".

    In a letter from Biuliman on May 27, 1829, written by the navigator of the Real Bey, it is said:

    "If there are heroes in the world whose name is worthy of being inscribed in golden letters on the Temple of Glory, then this is him, and he is called Captain Kazarsky, and the brig is called" Mercury. "With 20 guns, no more, he fought against 220 in view of the enemy fleet that was in his wind. "


    How, some, do not find reasons for pride in their country - I sincerely do not understand. Most likely due to elemental ignorance. God give us, do not shame the honor of our ancestors, and give a worthy example to our future generations.