Military Review

Africa and the European Union rallied against offshore oil pirates

17
At the end of August in Lagos, the economic capital of Nigeria, the international conference “Ensuring maritime security in Africa” was held. The place was chosen for a reason: in the region of the Gulf of Guinea, merchant ships are often attacked by pirates. Today, West Africa wants to take an example from East Africa, in order not only to put an end to maritime piracy, but at least to adequately protect itself from it, as well as to stop the flow of drugs through West African ports.


As transmits ITAR-TASS, at the conference in Lagos, Vice-Admiral Jürgen Elet, commander of the European military mission in West Africa, noted that "the EU is preparing its strategy in the Gulf of Guinea." European leaders intend to draw up a plan already "by the end of October of this year."

Referring to the experience of East Africa, Erle remarked that the use of warships there contributed to a reduction in the number of pirate attacks against civilian ships. This tactic was not fully applied in West Africa. Everyone is interested in protecting energy sources, Jürgen Ehle said, and added that EU countries consider it necessary to strengthen the fight against the transit of drugs through West African ports and illegal fishing.

Therefore, henceforth, emphasis will be placed on the coordination of operational actions of the naval forces of various countries and on the training of relevant personnel.

Moreover, while developing a new strategy, the German admiral noted, it is impossible to rely solely on warships. It is important to provide for the development of programs to overcome poverty and end violence in the region.

Corr. ITAR-TASS cites data from the British analytical center Chetham House, according to which the number of pirate attacks on merchant ships in the Gulf of Guinea increased from 39 in 2010 to 62 in 2012. Most often, pirates seize oil tankers.

Political commentator Valentin Kryukov ("Inforos") notes that filibusters attack in the territorial waters of one country, while hiding off the coast of another. About half of the pirate raids occur in the internal waters of Nigeria.

Local conditions favor the robbers' outing: unrest in the region and the high world price of non-oil.

At the conference, the chief of staff of the Navy of Nigeria, Vice-Admiral Dele Ezeoba, noted that “pirates have become a real threat to African maritime trade and economic progress. Robbery of oil, industrial goods causes direct damage not only to coastal countries, but also to landlocked. "

Over the past ten years, the region’s countries have lost 100 billions of dollars due to the pirate theft of oil. Oil theft is accompanied by the taking of hostages, damage to the means of delivery of oil, pollution of the environment.

At the conference in Lagos, it was decided to form a kind of rapid reaction force, similar to those used off the coast of East Africa. As the author notes, the presence of international naval forces, including Russian warships, has led to a significant reduction in the number of robberies there. In 2011, there were 129 attacks of pirates on merchant ships, and in 2012, the number of pirated “shares” was reduced to 19.

The results of the conference were summed up by Desiani Alison-Madueke, Minister of Petroleum of Nigeria. She called the situation in the Gulf of Guinea "unacceptable": after all, only in six months of the current year 55 attacks on tankers were recorded. According to Alison-Madueke, the fight against piracy will require a long time and joint actions by the states of the region and their partners.

It should also be noted that maritime piracy in the gulf is half the trouble for Nigeria.

As reported by 12 July correspondent ITAR-TASS Alexander Nechaev, theft of oil in the country led to another closure of the Shell pipeline, which reduces supply by 150 thousand barrels per day.

The company said it had shut down the Transnigerian oil pipeline due to a leak: “In recent months, TNP pipelines have repeatedly become the target of oil thieves. As a result, they had to be closed to eliminate theft points. ”

Thieves install bends, which leads to fires, explosions and oil spills.









Alexander Darmin (magazine.neftegaz.ru) Recalls that Nigeria is the key to the entire African continent. Almost half of all gas reserves in Africa are concentrated in this country. 95% of the export value of the African state is oil. The country is in seventh place in the world in oil exports and participates in OPEC. Confirmed oil reserves in Nigeria reach about 35,5 billion barrels. (almost 4,8 billion tons). Every day you can extract 3 million barrels. (150 million tons of oil per year). Nigeria’s oil reserves will last for 10-15 years. However, according to the IMF, for the 40 years that have passed since the start of oil production in Nigeria, the share of the country's population living on less than 1 dollars per day increased from 27 to 66%.

At the same time, the country is forced to import electricity. Revenues from oil exports do not improve the situation of the local population, but are plundered by the rulers. Instead of becoming the basis for the prosperity and development of the national economy, the author writes, "Nigerian oil revenues were simply squandered and plundered by a succession of ruling regimes." Only the dictator of Nigeria 1990-s, General Sani Abacha, during the five years of his reign, “stole” about 4 billions of dollars from the sale of oil.

Nevertheless, to some extent, the oil industry in Nigeria continues to grow. To reduce losses from piracy and theft, which flourish against the background of widespread poverty and corruption, local big businessmen are trying to find workarounds.

The president of the Dangote Group, Aliko Dangot, the richest man in Nigeria, for example, said that his company received a loan of $ 3,3 billion for the construction of an oil refinery complex. Reports about it RBC with reference to the Associated Press. The project cost reaches about 9 billion. The loan was given to 12 by Nigerian and international banks. The refinery complex will start functioning in 2016 year.

Presumably, if the project is implemented, it will help reduce the dependence of Nigeria on the export of "black gold", and at the same time eliminate the attacks of sea "filibusters".

Observed and commented on Oleg Chuvakin
- especially for topwar.ru
Photos used:
Akintunde Akinleye / "Reuters"
17 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. tronin.maxim
    tronin.maxim 12 September 2013 08: 00 New
    +1
    Hmm, apparently the pirates are not the same, they used to rob oil because of gold.
    1. crazy_fencer
      crazy_fencer 12 September 2013 08: 30 New
      0
      In fact, they also abduct people for the purpose of ransom. In April of this year, there was an attack on the German container ship City of Xiamen. The pirates captured the ship, managed to open the citadel with hydraulic wire cutters and kidnapped the captain and several crew members.
  2. crazy_fencer
    crazy_fencer 12 September 2013 08: 26 New
    0
    "Referring to the experience of East Africa, Erle noted that the use of warships there helped to reduce the number of pirate sorties against civilian vessels."

    He is a little disingenuous. Statistics speak absolutely not in favor of the Navy. Over the past 8 months of 2013, the ships of the coalition forces (EU NavFor) managed to detain as many (!!!) 4 pirate Scythians and floating bases and intercept two pirate battle groups at the exit. At the same time, only 98 incidents occur in the International Recommended Transit Corridor (IRTC) zone, as well as in the southern part of the Red Sea. This is not counting the Gulf of Oman, the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean. At the same time, during the same period, armed private security on board repelled or prevented 78 attacks on merchant ships.
  3. ka5280
    ka5280 12 September 2013 08: 30 New
    0
    Blacks versus piracy are like bees versus honey.
  4. a52333
    a52333 12 September 2013 08: 34 New
    +2
    Barack Obama's dream. Oil (at the moment) is mined for food (undersized).
    1. Mart
      12 September 2013 08: 41 New
      +5
      Quote: a52333
      Barack Obama's dream. Oil (at the moment) is mined for food (undersized).


      Others from those in the pictures, on stolen oil, are made on 60 $ per day. In Nigeria, this is decent money. hi
      1. MG42
        MG42 12 September 2013 12: 01 New
        +3
        Thanks for the colorful pictures, especially the first one with a barrel on my head ..
      2. Gorinich
        Gorinich 12 September 2013 14: 01 New
        0
        This is “decent money” for us ...
  5. omsbon
    omsbon 12 September 2013 09: 14 New
    0
    Africa and Europe can unite, only in a rush of love, for more, they are still not capable.
    1. APASUS
      APASUS 12 September 2013 21: 44 New
      0
      Quote: omsbon
      Africa and Europe can unite, only in a rush of love, for more, they are still not capable.

      What kind of nonsense? They rally ....?
      In Lagos, sailors live in a hotel as in a prison, around the wire, access is prohibited or only with guards. At night the car is stopped at the posts, even though the guards cannot say that this is a government service post or partisan.
      It’s better to forget about rights there, otherwise .......... and here is Europe? let's get together!
  6. FunkschNNX
    FunkschNNX 12 September 2013 09: 50 New
    +5
    Drowning these chocolate hares is still on the way to the tanker, anyway no one will look for them.
  7. pensioner
    pensioner 12 September 2013 11: 06 New
    +1
    Thanks Oleg!
    over the 40 years since the start of oil production in Nigeria, the proportion of people living on less than $ 1 a day has grown from 27 to 66%.
    Well, what other examples are needed so that everyone understands that international corporations need the indigenous people in those territories where they are mining, do not care ?? What is there with shale gas in Ukraine? Long time no hear something ...
  8. Sergeant
    Sergeant 12 September 2013 11: 09 New
    +1
    "... the proportion of people living on less than $ 1 a day, ..."

    What else should they do? The government is guilty that the population has nothing to do (work)? To do this, you need to develop the country, build the "economy" .. honestly, for the people. In fact, they (the population) simply have nothing to lose ... So they are engaged in "risky entrepreneurship", since the benefit of education is not much ...
    This is their job.

    "... to the next shutdown of the Shell concern pipeline."
    Well closed, later ..open. But they don’t leave ?! And they won’t leave. Never! And the country, ess-no, will not be allowed (!) To develop. Do they need this? For what?...

    They gave the "Scattered" eurotrucks (for pirated loans), they allowed to steal a bit ("business", loans, kickbacks, bribes, etc.), to build an euro-market ... So that the "scumbag" rejoiced, didn’t lamb, and didn’t bother - normal life, stable .. everything is fine.
    And how much "dough" from Russia pump? ... No, we better not know that!
    Everything is so ... good.

    But the nigga pirates ... eht ... need to be drowned! Definitely. :(
    It’s a pity for niggas, those in their territory (homeland, country). They cannot, they don’t know, no one teaches them anything, they just rob! But niggas rob LOW! To drown!
  9. pensioner
    pensioner 12 September 2013 11: 11 New
    +1
    Quote: retired
    Thieves set bends
    In Kazakhstan, they somehow inspected the gas pipeline (Bukhara-Ural .. sort of). Our experts have identified an unauthorized tie-in. To the main gas pipeline !! They called SB. They arrived, made an O-O-Very surprised face. They promised R-R-Deal, but recommended to leave the gas pipeline as soon as possible. Well, from the country too ...
  10. knn54
    knn54 12 September 2013 11: 17 New
    +2
    Mephistopheles: war, trade and piracy - they are triune, they cannot be separated ... (Goethe, Faust)
  11. Forest
    Forest 12 September 2013 14: 24 New
    0
    "Great Britain is the undisputed leader in the global maritime insurance market. Not a single developed country in the world could insure its fleet without the participation of English insurers, who dictated their conditions and received the lion's share of income. The United States is another major insurer of the world navy."
    That’s the whole background of “piracy”.
  12. IRON_MAN
    IRON_MAN 12 September 2013 15: 19 New
    +1
    stop News from a neighboring region: Russia and China rallied against sea oil pirates! soldier
  13. SIT
    SIT 12 September 2013 18: 25 New
    +2
    Piracy bloomed in the 20th century after World War II in the South China Sea. From the Japanese remained mountains of weapons on the islands of Oceania and on mainland Asia. The Truk Islands for several years after the war were simply littered with all sorts of iron, which was handed over by scraps to ships. Naturally, whoever wanted to armed himself to the teeth. Robberies at sea became rampant. An ordinary junk squandering across the sea suddenly gives out 2 knots (it turns out to be a powerful diesel engine), the mats on the nose are removed and there is a twin 30mm anti-aircraft gun. Do not stop the move will make drushlag out of the ship. Stop - a crowd of thugs hung with weapons bursting onto the deck. In general, one English retired naval officer appealed to the owners of the ships to chip in, and he would restore order. All have thrown off. The Englishman was not a crook. I bought a couple of written-off destroyers and several torpedo boats with the money given to him, recruited teams from the same sailors who were left without work, established a network of informants in all the hot spots where the gentlemen of luck were hanging out and started to put things in order. Ammunition then had nowhere to go and they could be taken free of charge on bombed vehicles lying aground. The pirates began the dark days. Next to the normally-lit ship with a rich load, which they left behind, suddenly there was a black shadow walking completely without lights. The commandants of this shadow went through the war, and directing the main caliber directly into the junk from direct fire is not a problem for them. We must now give protection to PMC tankers. Let them put their people on board, and they already explain their rights to the pirates, all the more so since there are not many of these rights - either get away, or go to the bottom. Anything that approaches the tanker at the distance of the RPG 20 shot and does not respond to the request receives a warning queue from, say, ZSU 7-23, right at the heading. Does not reach - fire to defeat.
    1. alone
      alone 12 September 2013 18: 43 New
      +2
      pirates have hundreds of millions of dollars of net profit per year. They have influential patrons. Without patrons, they would have been smeared on the wall a long time ago.
  14. KononAV
    KononAV 13 September 2013 06: 44 New
    0
    Figure it out yourself