Military Review

Russian tank forces: revival after decline?

Russian tank forces: revival after decline?

Crisis phenomena that hit the Russian army, of course, did not bypass the domestic tank troops. The nineties of the last century became the blackest page in their stories, the rapid withdrawal from Eastern Europe and Mongolia led to the fact that thousands of cutting-edge at the time combat vehicles, in fact, were thrown into the mud, with corresponding consequences for technology. As a result, expensive equipment was brought to the state of scrap metal. No less significant damage was inflicted on personnel, a large number of promising officers were forced to leave the army.

All this affected during the operation to restore the constitutional order in Chechnya. Hastily assembled "from pine forest" parts, sometimes on faulty equipment, of course, began to incur losses.

However, what happened in Chechnya did not stop the further degradation of the Russian armored forces. The quality of combat training left much to be desired, the purchase of new equipment was completely stopped, and the development of a new one was kept only on the enthusiasm of engineers and designers and individual military leaders. Enterprises that produced armored vehicles either became bankrupt or reoriented for export.

Our tankers met our new century while fighting in Chechnya. Fortunately, the sad experience of the first war was taken into account, and in this campaign tank losses were significantly lower. In 2000, the year it was first announced that a new generation tank was created in Russia, known as the 195 Object or the T-95. It was expected that he would begin to arrive in the army in the middle of the decade.

The changed conjuncture of the world market brought the golden rain of petrodollars to the country. However, the first half dozen modernized T-90А were purchased only in 2004 year. The following year, again, only 17 machines were purchased. And only with 2006, the procurement began to be carried out in more acceptable quantities. In addition, a “very budgetary” modernization of the T-72BA tank was carried out.
As for the supertank T-95, its purchases were all postponed and postponed.

In the adopted rearmament program, she wrote in detail how many tanks should be modernized and how many new machines should be manufactured. True, the military itself was puzzled, what is necessary to produce - T-90A or T-95.

As a result, the last two Chechen wars T-72B and nicknamed the museum T-62 were thrown into the operation to force Georgia to the world to save our peacekeepers and residents of Tskhinval. But the presence of the old technology did not save the Georgian army from defeat.

In order to cool Saakashvili’s warlike fervor, Russian units in the south finally began to receive modern T-90A. And in Russia began another military reform. As a result, the Russian tank troops were relegated to the level of tank battalions and a few tank brigades.

Reformers refused to purchase T-90A, the development of the Burlak combat module was discontinued, there was a complete rejection of the promising tank Object 195. It was planned that until 2015, there would be no tank purchases at all. The military department frankly began to unravel domestic tanks, which only the accusations did not sound, it was just a shame to re-play them again. And all this against the backdrop of the commencement of purchases of Italian armored vehicles, which have received the designation “Lynx”, tests of “Centaur” wheeled tanks. Fortunately, all the same, the development of a new promising Armata platform began, and, after intervention at the highest level, the Ministry of Defense began to acquire modernized T-72B3.

2013 year became, in fact, a milestone in the life of the Russian tank forces, after the sudden checks, it became clear that many reformist initiatives did not affect the quality of combat training. Therefore, it was decided to dramatically increase the rate of allocated ammunition. Much has been done to increase the prestige of the tank forces. "Tank biathlon" who just did not swear, but thanks to these competitions, many Russians for the first time in many years remembered that, it turns out, we still have tank troops. So much in a positive way about tanks and tank crews talked for the first time in the last 20 years. Recreated Kantemirovskaya division. At the present time, whole tank units are rearming on modernized combat vehicles. Made the first samples of the new family of cars "Armata".

But, unfortunately, while we can only talk about positive dynamics, the old T-72B and T-80BV are still the basis of domestic tank forces, and there is still a lot to be done to make the troops truly modern. And this can again prevent the crisis in the economy.

And, nevertheless, on the eve of the professional holiday of tankers, I would like to hope only for good, to congratulate the servicemen of the tank forces, veterans, workers of the defense industry and wish them to see new tanks in the Russian landfills in the near future.
21 comment
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  1. Denis
    Denis 10 September 2013 07: 43
    It's all on business, just change <?>> huge <!>>
    We leave the questioning intonation to a probable friend, let it be puzzled
  2. Predator-74
    Predator-74 10 September 2013 07: 47
    The basis of the Russian T-72 and T-80 tank troops is far from the worst option, especially in skilled hands. I say this as a tanker.
    1. M. Peter
      M. Peter 10 September 2013 08: 05
      I fully support you colleague.
    2. user
      user 10 September 2013 10: 59
      If you still upgrade the T-72 and T-80. .
    3. eplewke
      eplewke 10 September 2013 14: 28
      So then it is. In skillful hands and a spoon you can kill. But we went to the war on 08.08.08, as to the disposal of old equipment. While we are waiting for the armature, the whole family of the 90s is idle and waiting in the wings. T-90, T-90A, T-90S, T-90SM ,. For so much time, it was already possible to make 100-200 tanks of the T-90A series until 1 armature was ready. I do not think that the armata will exceed the T-90 by an order of magnitude. (90 is a good tank, and will give odds to any abrams and merkava!)
  3. krpmlws
    krpmlws 10 September 2013 08: 23
    The threat to the normal development of tank forces is not so much "crisis phenomena in the economy" as crisis phenomena in the minds. recourse
  4. Prohor
    Prohor 10 September 2013 08: 59
    The passage about "reducing tank forces to the level of battalions and brigades" is not clear. Are tank armies and corps needed now? And are they anywhere in the world? request
    1. user
      user 10 September 2013 10: 57
      If God forbid we encounter China, then we will recall the passage about "reducing tank forces to the level of battalions and brigades" more than once.
      1. Drummer
        Drummer 10 September 2013 19: 10
        If God forbid we run into China, nothing but WMD will help (and even that is doubtful).
  5. kostya_a
    kostya_a 10 September 2013 09: 38
    Since 2015, ARMATA is due to plan to enter the active parts. soldier
    1. Algor73
      Algor73 10 September 2013 10: 59
      Armata may be good in its original form, but what kind will it come to the troops? They refused from the modernized T-90, as it is very expensive, they took the cheap modernization of the T-72, but how much will the Armata cost? How many will get into the troops? Or again, will they create (as was the case with the T-64 - T-72 tanks) a cheaper modification? But the world is no longer the same, the world has changed, it already smacks of war, in the east Japan is talking about the Kuriles again, in the southeast China is arming itself at an unprecedented pace, the whole of Asia is grimacing with weapons. There, look, the Caucasus will rise (and it will rise, asli in Asia, nearby, will shy away). It is necessary to strengthen the ground forces, first of all to strengthen the tank units. And the fact that Georgia was defeated on the T-62, T-72 is not a feat. It could be rolled on the T-54 \ 55, how many there are. The threat to Russia is the South-East, which is arming itself at an unprecedented rate.
  6. LM66
    LM66 10 September 2013 10: 18
    But what a good game WoT made smile
  7. Nick_1972
    Nick_1972 10 September 2013 10: 44
    The real revival of tank troops depends not only on the availability of a sufficient number of modern tanks in the troops. Adequate infrastructure is needed from tank schools to tank repair plants. And with this, after the reign of the felmebel, somehow not very. Well, in the foreseeable future they will adopt Armata, and what ..? We will repair outsourcing at a factory that does not depend on the MO?
  8. Hort
    Hort 10 September 2013 11: 41
    somehow the idea of ​​the revival of tank troops is not connected with the recent news that only T-72 and T-90a were left in them ...
  9. Aleks tv
    Aleks tv 10 September 2013 12: 20
    ... So much in a positive way about tanks and tankers spoke for the first time in the last 20 years ...

    Well said phrase !!!

    Yes, armored troops were in the "corral" for a long time.
    All these years, the juice of the Soviet reserve and technology and tank training school was gradually "squeezed out".

    It is also correctly said about the "prefabricated" units sent to the Czech Republic on rotation.
    One regiment was assembled by the whole world in 1-2 divisions almost everywhere.
    Coordination is almost zero, not to mention the fact that the "federals" had to act both with the Internal Troops and with other divisions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, and this is still "fun".
    But even in these conditions they fought as best they could and gained invaluable experience, which is now almost all lost ...

    1. It is necessary to recreate the "tank" school on the basis of educational institutions.
    2. Assessment of the Czechs' experience of 1,2 and South Ossetia, Syria with changes in the rules of combat training up to the adjustment of the BUS.
    3. Need new equipment and NORMAL modernization of the old.
    - Save the T-80 fleet and upgrade them.
    - To supplement the modernization of the T-72B3 with the inclusion of the commander's TKN-4s-01 (at least !!!), an external fire protection unit and normal all-round protection.
    - Increase the number of tank brigades (if divisions are not returned to normal, and not just "parquet" ones)

    Here's what you need to get started.
    It is not so much and not so expensive.

    About Armata:
    I really hope that you get a good car with a great potential for modernization.
    But quickly not put it in the troops.
    - Factory tests.
    - Military tests.
    - Operation of an experimental batch in the troops.
    Here is the reality. And only then will the cars go into the series, and what will be the mass character of the series? Obviously not like in Soviet times ...
    Something like that.
    Good luck to the Native Tank Forces.
    1. svp67
      svp67 10 September 2013 19: 25
      Quote: Aleks tv
      3. Need new equipment and NORMAL modernization of the old.

      Greetings. I agree.
      The same T80 can be significantly improved by replacing PDPS 1G42 with PDPN 1G45 and the obligatory installation of a "lightweight", without a missile guidance system, "Sosny", as a night sight, respectively, with increased armor protection and an increase in engine power and resource, as well as installation radio station Р163 ... All this has already been developed and is available, with the exception of the "lightweight" "Pine", but it is not very difficult to do this ... As a result, we can get a very powerful MBT, which can remain in service until it is replaced by a new tank constructions ...
    2. svp67
      svp67 10 September 2013 19: 34
      Quote: Aleks tv
      Need a new technique
      You can start by creating a more versatile vehicle on the basis of the Terminator, capable of effectively fighting air targets, which will really make it a tank support vehicle ... to create units (batteries) on their base that make up tank or motorized rifle battalion, consisting of 12 vehicles ...
    3. svp67
      svp67 10 September 2013 19: 38
      Quote: Aleks tv
      Increase the number of tank brigades (if divisions are not returned to normal, and not just "parquet" ones)
      There is no need to do half-measures here - we need divisions or corps, the names are not important, the main thing is that these organizations have the appropriate "sets" of means and forces to reinforce the senior commander, so we will significantly increase the combat power without greatly increasing the number ...
      1. Aleks tv
        Aleks tv 10 September 2013 23: 29
        Quote: svp67
        No half measures can do here -

        Greetings, Sergey.
        It’s a pity that they didn’t come for a long time.
        BT practitioners on the site are not many today.
  10. Hort
    Hort 10 September 2013 12: 57
    The chief of the main armored directorate of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, Lieutenant General Alexander Shevchenko, speaking on air of Ekho Moskvy radio station on Saturday, September 7, said that the Ministry considers the World of Tanks game to be “one of the stages for preparing future tankers”.
    on the BASH today came across a quote.

    Preparation, apparently, will also begin with the MS-1, which is in the kubinka wassat

    Generality From Damn
  11. Crang
    Crang 10 September 2013 14: 25
    Until they replace everything with the T-90A and introduce the T-99 "Armata" (at least a few units), we will not shine in tanks.
  12. xperia
    xperia 10 September 2013 19: 16
    Military industry under Shoigu gradually comes to life
    1. Ilja 22
      Ilja 22 12 December 2013 11: 10
      The contrast is just visible in comparison with the "female general")
      How is he fool ended up at the helm
  13. iur4ik39
    iur4ik39 11 September 2013 00: 04
    The whole army comes to life)
  14. Stasi
    Stasi 18 September 2013 19: 34
    It is very pleasant to read about changes in the army, especially if these changes bring an increase in the defense capability and quality of the army. I agree that it is necessary to eliminate the negative consequences of the collapse of the army. As for the losses of tanks in Chechnya, they were primarily due to the fact that the tanks were thrown into the assault without covering the infantry, which made them easy prey on the part of the militants. It is necessary that such an important lesson be fully taken into account, in no case should tanks be left without cover. The question arises, in what schools and generals did our generals give orders to attack with tanks without covering them with infantry. The quality of our military and political elite is a strategically important task.