For some reason, his war is remembered only once a year - 2 of September - on the Victory Day over militarist Japan. And this is a special injustice. Now, for some reason, you rarely hear on radio and television or read in the newspapers that the Great Patriotic War did not end on May 9 of the year 1945, but on September 2. Tens of thousands of Soviet soldiers laid down their heads in the Far East. August 9 00 10 minutes of fighting began against the troops of militaristic Japan, and just ten days later, on August 19, over the headquarters of the million Kwantung Army, the Japanese flag was lowered and the Soviet flag was raised. And it was not the nuclear bombings by the American Air Force of the peaceful Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, but the courage of the Soviet soldiers played a decisive role in the end of World War II. Among them was the 20-year-old Komsomol battalion sergeant Timofei Uzhegov. He was drafted into the ranks of the Red Army in 1943 from the working village of Ulba-Stroy, which was located in East Kazakhstan. Timofey was brought up in a large family. Father was a teacher, mother - a housewife. Before serving in the army, he managed to unlearn two years in the mining and metallurgical technical school. Timofey could never have been in a war like some of his classmates. The fact is that they were booked. After graduating from the technical school, all of them were sent to work in the mines, so none of them got to the front. Did not get on him immediately and Timothy Uzhegov. He had the opportunity to serve in the Trans-Baikal Military District as a commander of a rifle squad. His war was still to come ...
Almost on the same day as the war with Japan began, Timofey Ivanovich Uzhegov was appointed to the position of battalion commissar. He had the opportunity to participate in August - September 1945 of the year in the liberation of Manchuria. For his courage he was awarded the rank of junior lieutenant. He was also awarded three medals, including the Medal for Military Merit. And later the veteran was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War, I degree and Honor, other state awards.
The rifle regiment, in which the young Komsomol served, advanced to the border on foot from the Olovyannaya station in the Chita Region. It was a 30-degree heat. With surprise and some envy, the Transbaikal arrows looked at tankers, self-propelled gunners, and artillerymen who were carrying their engine-driven guns. They have not yet seen so many military equipment. And these were formations and units of the 2nd Baltic Front deployed from Europe. Seeing such a formidable combat power, the soldiers tried not to think about the difficulties of endless foot marches. Of course, he had conversations with the soldiers and the battalion's Komsomol. Uzhegov was the first of the Komsomol leaders to tell the fighters how to observe the water-drinking regime on the march, how to organize halts in order to prevent emergency situations. And they happen all the time in the war. A soldier fell asleep during a halt at night in a bush by the road, and then a convoy went tanks or cars ... And a gray official paper flew off somewhere to Ryazan or Kursk with the official phrase: "The brave death died in battle ..." Fortunately, not a single such incident happened in the battalion. And this was the merit of the Komsomol Uzhegov.
At the border, the regiment was stopped for several days. The commanders organized combat training. The Komsomol Uzhegov actively assisted them in this, after all, quite recently he himself commanded the branch, so that he had no experience. One of the main tasks was to overcome the fear of tanks among the fighters. It was necessary to run in their personnel. Since they had to act on rugged terrain, the commanders came up with a special way of training: huge empty metal barrels rolled into the mound, filled them with stones to the top, tightly closed and pushed down into trenches and trenches. Barrels with a crash and howling rapidly rushed to the fighters. Even experienced veterans felt uneasy. And unstripped fighters - and even more. At the same time it was necessary to hide in time in a trench, evading barrels and stones, and then throwing a grenade after. After several trainings, the fear of the warriors vanished. They even began to compete with each other - whoever gets a grenade into the very barrel, although it was far from easy to do that.
And then crossed the border. The fighting began. Opponent initially offered violent resistance. One night, on the orders of the battalion commander Major Polkovnikov, a group of soldiers went on reconnaissance.
“Allow me to go with them, too,” commander Komsorg Uzhegov asked.
“No intelligence services,” the political officer captain Slobodchikov, who was present during the conversation, suddenly intervened, “let him conduct a conversation with the personnel about our heroes.” Look how many fighters have distinguished these days.
However, Uzhegov insisted on his own.
“A personal example will not replace any conversation,” the Komsomol ventured to disagree with his superior.
- Let it go, - the battalion commander allowed. - Well done. Fighting we Komsomol.
Together with the scouts of Uzhegov, he performed the task all night. The warriors were able to reveal the location of fire weapons and enemy positions. The next morning, when the battalion went on the attack, these data, obtained by the scouts and the Komsomol, made it possible to break the resistance of the enemy without large losses.
The war with Japan was transient. But from this she did not become less fierce. The Kwantung Army was defeated, but many enemy soldiers hid in the woods, attacking Soviet officers and small groups of our fighters. It was here that, according to Timofey Ivanovich, it was necessary to “uproot” the Japanese from shelters. In this case, we suffered considerable losses. And again, Junior Lieutenant Uzhegov not only teaches the fighters to act skillfully in the prevailing situation, but also himself, risking his life, participates in the “cleansing” of forests and settlements. Komsomol becomes a witness of a case that occurred near the city of Qiqihar. The Japanese were attacking those who were riding in the morning in a cart of several officers and a sergeant. Having jumped out of the forest, they wanted to deal with ours without a single shot - to cut them down with their samurai swords. But before they could reach the wagon, the sergeant pulled the machine gun from his shoulder and literally squinted the attackers in several bursts. He saved not only his life, but also his commanders. About this case, the Komsomol told the battalion soldiers, and the sergeant was presented to the award.
The junior lieutenant saw a lot in the war. I remember the arrogant, scornful attitude of the captured Japanese officers. They flatly refused to receive medical care from Soviet military doctors, considering them to be representatives of a “lower” race. They asked their Japanese doctors. Not every soldier stood nerves. Sometimes, one wanted to move at least once the butt of a submachine gun to one of these representatives of the “higher” race. The fighters and commanders could not forget the brazen and often unpunished provocations that the Japanese organized on our borders all those years, while there was a fierce struggle on the fronts of the Great Patriotic War. Here, in Manchuria, they saw enough what the conquerors did to the civilians. Moreover, it has already become known about the atrocities of the classified "Detachment-731", in which terrible experiments were conducted on people.
The Chinese - locals greeted the Soviet soldiers enthusiastically. They went out to the roads, treated the liberators with fruits, raised their hands to greet them and shouted: “Shango, captain!” Our soldiers and officers were amazed at the appalling poverty of the local population. In poor shacks, large families of Chinese people slept right on the ground on mats, there was no furniture at all. Local residents said that the Japanese forced the Chinese to build roads around the borders of the USSR, which were then classified, and those who built were destroyed all. Invaders took away rice, chumizu, and kaolians from the population, creating huge warehouses for their troops, and condemning the enslaved people to extinction from hunger and infections.
The regiment, in which Junior Lieutenant Uzhegov served, conducted military operations not only against the Japanese, but also against the Hunghuz. Their Chinese called simply armed bandits. Hunhuzes were attacked on the Japanese, on the soldiers of the People’s Liberation Army of China, on the Kuomintang people, and on our fighters and commanders. In the city of Qiqihar, where the regiment stayed, a whole cemetery appeared. For all my life Timofey Ivanovich remembered the rows of graves with red stars of dead friends and comrades.
In 1946, demobilization began in the army. The young officer was faced with a choice - to continue the service or retire to the reserve. The armed forces, of course, needed front-line soldiers, who received officer ranks thanks to their courage and military merit. But now one of the main criteria for appointing commanders and political workers to the posts has become their level of education. And Junior Lieutenant Timothy Uzhegov decided to go to study. In 1946, he graduated from the 6-month political composition courses. The officer was immediately given the rank of lieutenant. Someone else might have stopped there. Quietly peacefully served to the captain or major. If you are very lucky, perhaps, to the lieutenant colonel. But not so was Timofey Ivanovich. The six-month courses were only a small step on the way to the further education of the officer. Being appointed responsible secretary of the editorial office of the large circulation newspaper of the 1948 mechanized division in December 14, Timofey Ivanovich is studying by correspondence at the teacher’s institute in Chita. In 1950, the officer graduated from it and immediately entered the editorial faculty of the Military-Political Academy named after VI. Lenin. Then among the audience there were many front-line soldiers.
After the academy, new perspectives in the service do not immediately open up for Uzhegov. For eight long years he has been the correspondent-organizer of the Soviet Army newspaper of the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany.
Over the years, experience and professional skill have come. Therefore, it was no coincidence that Major Uzhegov in 1962 was offered the position of a teacher in the journalism department of the Lviv Military-Political School of the Soviet Army and Naval Fleet. From this moment, a new stage in the officer’s biography began. He became a mentor to future war journalists. At that time, however, as in the subsequent one, they were graduated from the only faculty of the only military university, which could only be entered after an urgent service in the Armed Forces with the recommendation of a print organ. Therefore, the selection of candidates for school took place in the most thorough manner. And what can we say about teachers! The best of the best should have taught future military journalists. That was exactly what Timofey Ivanovich was. From the first days of service at the Department of Journalism, Uzhegov fell in love with both cadets and teachers. He has such wonderful character traits as modesty and exceptional decency.
Over time, these qualities have become even clearer and more prominent. Only in September last year, Timofey Ivanovich went on vacation from the post of associate professor of journalism at the Military University of the Ministry of Defense. All those who worked with him, as well as those whom he taught, will not recall a single incident, so that Timofey Ivanovich allowed himself to break loose, shout at someone, dismiss someone's problems. He could be completely disinterested for months to conduct classes for his colleagues, if the need arose. And she appeared. And quite often.
Timofey Ivanovich was transferred to Moscow as a senior lecturer in the department of journalism at the Military-Political Academy named after V.I. Lenin summer 1975 year. The academy opened an editorial department, and among those who formed it was Colonel Uzhegov.
Timofey Ivanovich left the school, and our attitude towards the department began to change. Only now we realized how much depended on her boss.
I met with Timofey Ivanovich only nine years later, when already in the rank of major, having passed through Afghanistan, I became a student of the editorial department of the Military-Political Academy named after V.I. Lenin.
The fate of Timofey Ivanovich is beautiful and amazing. 70 years it was associated with our Armed Forces, 64 of the year of them given to work in the military press, and 50 years - teaching. Over these more than five decades, Timofey Ivanovich has trained about two and a half thousand military journalists not only for the armed forces of our country and the CIS, but also for the armies of many other states.
Successfully developed and the personal life of a veteran. For many years the spouses Timofey Ivanovich and Valentina Innokentievna Uzhegova have lived in peace and harmony. By the way, Valentina Innokentievna also worked as a teacher at the Russian Language and Literature Department at the Lviv Higher Military-Political School.
The eldest son of the Uzhegovs, Valery, works as a leading engineer at one of the enterprises in Moscow. The younger, Alexander, is already a reserve colonel. Just like his father, he was awarded the honorary title of Honored Worker of Culture of the Russian Federation. Alexander Timofeevich edited the border magazine. And now he works in one of the reputable publications.
I would like to finish the story about Timofey Ivanovich with lines from S. Ostrovogo's “Living Memory”:
We are less and less
But there were a lot of us.
But there were so many of us
Already the road was bursting ...
We are less and less
Years are approaching.
We are one of the two-core,
From the soldier breed.
More accurately and capaciously than the poet, probably, you will not tell. An ordinary soldier began serving in the army Timofey Ivanovich Uzhegov in 1943 year. And even though he finished it as a honored colonel, he, like a real officer, is still in the ranks, because he has always been and remains of that, of a strong, soldier’s breed.