Military Review

Memorial Day of Russian soldiers who fell during the defense of Sevastopol and in the Crimean War of 1853-1856

63
В stories Russia stands out for very special events that determine our national identity and historical memory, instilling in us a sense of pride in our past and our ancestors. One of these events in national history was the famous 1. The defense of Sevastopol and a number of other glorious episodes of the Crimean War 1853-56.


The Day of Remembrance of Russian Warriors who fell during the defense of Sevastopol and in the Crimean War of 1853-1856, is annually celebrated in the Crimea for 18 years in a row. As you know, it was 9 of September that 1855 of the year ended with the 349-day 1. Defense of Sevastopol. For the first time, a memorable date was marked by official events initiated by the Russian community of Crimea through 140 years after the end of the Crimean War, in 1995. It happened in Simferopol, on the site of the Brotherhood cemetery abandoned at that time in Petrovsky gully, which was subsequently restored.

The Crimean War of 1853 — 1856 — the war of the Russian Empire against the coalition forces of France, Great Britain, the Ottoman Empire and Sardinia.


The strategic goal of unleashed aggression against Russia was the conquest of domination in the Balkans, the Black Sea region, the Caucasus and the Far East and the prevention of secession of the Balkan possessions of Turkey inhabited by Orthodox peoples, which would seriously consolidate Russia on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus, the Balkans, and later obtaining exclusive control over the entrance to the Black Sea - the Bosphorus and Dardanelles straits, which would de facto make the Black Sea an inland reservoir of the Russian Empire.

One of the reasons for the outbreak of hostilities was a diplomatic dispute with France over the control of the Bethlehem Church of the Nativity of Christ, as well as the entry of Russian troops into Moldova and Wallachia. The refusal of Emperor Nicholas I to withdraw troops from these territories led to the declaration of war of Russia, first by Turkey (4 (16) of October 1853), and then by Great Britain and France.

In the course of the unleashed hostilities, the coalition managed to concentrate the superior forces of its armies and fleets in the Black Sea region and to land in the Crimea, inflicting a number of local defeats on the Russian army. On the Caucasian front, the Russian army inflicted a number of tangible defeats on the Turks and captured Kars. The brightest page of the Crimea, or, as it is called in European sources, the Eastern War was, without doubt, the heroic defense of Sevastopol, once again demonstrating the resilience of the Russian soldier’s spirit and his ability to fight in the most difficult siege conditions, seemingly no chance of salvation.

Despite stubborn resistance and inflicting serious losses on the enemy, the threat of Austria joining the war forced Russia to accept the conditions of peace imposed on it. According to the Paris Peace Treaty signed in 1856, southern Bessarabia and the mouth of the Danube departed to the Ottoman Empire, and the Black Sea was declared neutral - these and a number of other geopolitical restrictions took Russia out of the Black Sea and Balkan maps for at least 15-20 years .
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  1. Denis
    Denis 9 September 2013 08: 17 New
    18
    Everlasting memory!

    and those rat pups with whom they fought in Crimea do not need to forget bad words, they always crap Russia, and then friends
    1. Civil
      Civil 9 September 2013 08: 57 New
      +4
      Crimean war, eternal memory to heroes! Including their merit in the abolition of slavery in Russia!
    2. Phase
      Phase 9 September 2013 11: 41 New
      18
      Eternal memory to Russian soldiers. Remember, honor, proud.
      Quote: Denis
      and those rat pups with whom they fought in Crimea do not need to forget bad words, they always crap Russia, and then friends

      Yes, they really did shit us. But as an addition to the article, I want to remind you that we paid in full with one of the participants in that intervention - France. Russian diplomats fully paid for the Russian soldiers.
      It was remembering the participation of France in the Crimean War that Russia quietly promised the support of Prussia in the event of a conflict over Alsace and Lorraine. Without the support of Russia, the Germans would not have started this war. But Russia supported Prussia and, as a result of the Franco-Prussian war, France lost two of its provinces.
      After that, Russia defiantly refused to abide by the agreements restricting our Black Sea fleet following the Crimean War. And the British had to swallow it, because France healed the wounds, and alone the Britons always had a thin gut.
      So that...
      1. Very old
        Very old 9 September 2013 11: 57 New
        +4
        Fr grabbed our fleet after the 17th in the Mediterranean
      2. Denis
        Denis 9 September 2013 23: 40 New
        +2
        Quote: Phase
        Russian diplomats fully paid for Russian soldiers
        You can’t say a word, well done! Diplomacy is also not only cunning, fried tightly and without blood
      3. Drummer
        Drummer 10 September 2013 19: 33 New
        0
        Quote: Phase
        Without the support of Russia, the Germans would not have started this war. But Russia supported Prussia and, as a result of the Franco-Prussian war, France lost two of its provinces.

        But Russia, instead of agrarian Prussia, received a mighty German Empire at hand, that’s the depth of political calculation.
        Quote: Phase
        After that, Russia defiantly refused to abide by the agreements restricting our Black Sea fleet following the Crimean War.

        Everything was limited to demonstrations; the real revival of the Navy began in the mid-80s.
  2. predator.3
    predator.3 9 September 2013 08: 44 New
    10
    The strategic goal of unleashed aggression against Russia was the conquest of domination in the Balkans, the Black Sea region, the Caucasus and the Far East and the prevention of secession of the Balkan possessions of Turkey inhabited by Orthodox peoples, which would seriously consolidate Russia on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus, the Balkans, and later obtaining exclusive control over the entrance to the Black Sea - the Bosphorus and Dardanelles straits, which would de facto make the Black Sea an inland reservoir of the Russian Empire.

    These problems were relevant before the Crimean War and even now. This war showed that it is impossible to save money on the armament of the army, the fittings (rifled weapons) were also invented in Russia, but the generals considered them to be an expensive weapon than the smooth-bore (as much as 12 kopecks!) So the Russian soldiers paid for the sea of ​​blood in the battle on the Alma River where the enemy shot them at a distance.
    1. FREGATENKAPITAN
      FREGATENKAPITAN 9 September 2013 09: 31 New
      10
      I agree with you .... and it is completely incomprehensible that in less than 40 years after the victorious entry into Paris, they managed to ruin the army .... although this is probably our national tradition ........ Honor and Glory to the defenders of Russian Sevastopol! !!
      1. Alexander Romanov
        Alexander Romanov 9 September 2013 10: 31 New
        +5
        Quote: FREGATENKAPITAN
        and it is completely incomprehensible how in less than 40 years after the victorious entry into Paris, they managed to ruin the army

        Look how Gorbachev did it and fuck hi
    2. Motors1991
      Motors1991 9 September 2013 15: 23 New
      +5
      The main problem of the Russian army was, not just the fittings, but the lack of a railway, if there was a railway from Kharkov to Simferopol, then the war would take a different turn. Due to the fact that supplies were provided by horse-drawn transport, the Russian command could not have in Crimea a considerable army. In the battle of Alma, the 33th Russian army kept the 67th Allied army all day and only a roundabout maneuver by the French along the seashore forced the Russians to retreat and in the future the Russians had to fight against the baking sheet com, who had a numerical superiority. They could not build up the army because of poor supply. Yet Moltke the Elder told Tsar Alexander, “You did not lose, you did not win, build railways,”
      1. dentitov
        dentitov 11 September 2013 00: 45 New
        0
        Quote: Motors1991
        The main problem of the Russian army was, not just the fittings, but the lack of a railway, if there was a railway from Kharkov to Simferopol, then the war would take a different turn. Due to the fact that supplies were provided by horse-drawn transport, the Russian command could not have in Crimea a considerable army. In the battle of Alma, the 33th Russian army kept the 67th Allied army all day and only a roundabout maneuver by the French along the seashore forced the Russians to retreat and in the future the Russians had to fight against the baking sheet com, who had a numerical superiority. They could not build up the army because of poor supply. Yet Moltke the Elder told Tsar Alexander, “You did not lose, you did not win, build railways,”


        There was a draw on Alma really. Losses are comparable (the French and British have only 1 thousand people less). Our tipped them hand to hand. They shot us from fittings. As a result, ours retreated to Sevastopol, and the Anglichans - to the place of landing. After calculating the losses in the first battle in England, they seriously started talking about the end of the war - they were not ready to bear such losses. Colonial wars corrupted them.
    3. Denis
      Denis 9 September 2013 23: 49 New
      0
      Quote: predator.3
      but the generals considered them an expensive weapon
      Perhaps it should be added that the generals of Nevsky (along the avenue in St. Petersburg) as now Arbatsky (taburetkin and the entire BL ..- team) of the fronts or military districts
      Nakhimov and Kornilov knew where the bullet flies from, only who listened to them or heard them?
  3. Peaceful military
    Peaceful military 9 September 2013 08: 48 New
    +8
    A glorious and at the same time shameful story ...
    Steam fleet, rifled weapons, and we ...
    Nevertheless, HONOR AND GLORY TO HEROES! soldier
    1. cosmos111
      cosmos111 9 September 2013 09: 36 New
      0
      If not for the betrayal of the German king, Nicholas 1 and his court foreign corrupt elite.
      They broke the Angles with the Saxomians, the Franks with the Turks, the Italian, like an Acetic warmer.
      But our marines with soldiers showed the whole world how Russians are fighting, but they are not giving up.
      Eternal Glory to the marines defending Sevastopol and the Russian admirals.
      1. Peaceful military
        Peaceful military 9 September 2013 10: 46 New
        +5
        Volodya!
        I am opposed to historical nihilism, as well as nihilism in general, so I will refrain from harsh assessments, especially since a number of respected historians claim that Nicholas I was quite a good ruler. Well, the inheritance he got was not bad, Arakcheev, the same. True, the overgrown part of the guard let us down ... hi
      2. Glory333
        Glory333 9 September 2013 11: 04 New
        15
        Just Nikolai was not a traitor, there were many traitors working for the enemy in his circle. One of the generals who defended Sevastopol said roughly quoting "everything is fine, only gunpowder is small and the commander is a traitor," it was if I was not mistaken about Prince Menshikov. The supplies of the Russian army were led by a US citizen Heinrich Schliemann who later became an archaeologist who found a treasure in Troy, Nikolai himself was poisoned by his doctor who fled abroad and there he said that he had given poison to Nikolai at his request. Probably a traitor was Foreign Minister Niselrode to embroil Russia with all allies. How can one not recall Stalin with his "purges."
        1. Peaceful military
          Peaceful military 9 September 2013 11: 26 New
          0
          Yes, Vyacheslav!
          I absolutely agree with you. I can’t understand what the name of Nicholas I was called “palkin”.
          A.M. Gorchakov, by the way, did his career also under Nicholas I.
          1. soldier's grandson
            soldier's grandson 9 September 2013 15: 12 New
            +3
            for ill-treatment of the soldiers, then for any offense punished with blows on the back, the soldier was laid on "" and the number of punches awarded was awarded, reached hundreds, beaten so that the skin flew with meat
        2. fokino1980
          fokino1980 9 September 2013 11: 27 New
          +3
          I agree! Totally !!!!
        3. Panikovsky
          Panikovsky 9 September 2013 19: 10 New
          +2
          surprisingly, it was Slava, from Ukraine, who said that Henry Shliman dug up three for shamelessly stolen money. guys, don't you really know about that?
        4. cosmos111
          cosmos111 9 September 2013 19: 52 New
          +2
          Quote: Glory333
          it was, if I’m not mistaken, about Prince Menshikov. The supplies of the Russian army were led by a US citizen Heinrich Schliemann who later became an archaeologist who found a treasure in Troy, Nikolai himself was poisoned by his doctor who fled abroad and there

          Everyone is to blame except for the “priest of the tsar”, who spoke Russian with an accent, did not like and did not believe in the Russian people. Therefore, the environment of the German king was appropriate (embezzlement and mediocrity).
          Does the current situation in Russia not remind?
          History repeats itself twice: the first time in the form of tragedy, the second in the form of farce.
          Left-hander: "The British, they don’t clean their guns with bricks.
          We have a covenant that we cannot be behind the US in military-technological terms. Otherwise, Kirdyk.
          Here Tsar Alexander the 3rd, though by birth was not Russian, was a Russian soul.
          Russia has only two allies - the army and navy.
          Alexander 3 proclaimed: "" Russia should be for the Russians. Russia is our good, which we have acquired through our centuries-old works, the works of the Saints of the Russian, Russian Tsars and the Russian people. "" As a result of the patriotic orientation of Alexander III’s political course, the Russian people began to strengthen the consciousness that the Russian People are the master in Russia, that the good and honor of Russia lies on his responsibility, that Russia is not some kind of cosmopolitan conglomerate, but a national Russian state.
          This is the king, father. He lived more history of Russia, could go completely, on a different path.
          1. Glory333
            Glory333 9 September 2013 22: 28 New
            +1
            I did not write that the tsar was not to blame for anything, he was largely to blame but certainly not to blame for betrayal, there were many traitors in his environment who were true double-dealers who took the oath of Russia but who obeyed the orders of London. Tsar Nikolai did not think of giving up agreeing to a humiliating world, his father Alexander lost Moscow but said that he would rather flee to Siberia and become a peasant there than make peace with the aggressor, Nikolai lost only Crimea (which incidentally cost the Anglo-French very expensive) and was determined to continue therefore, the war was poisoned by an English agent who served as a doctor under the king.
            About the 2 allies, the army and navy is a stupid slogan probably invented by the enemies of Russia.
            1. dentitov
              dentitov 11 September 2013 00: 38 New
              0
              One moment. Alexander the First was the BIG Brother Nicholas the First. Their father was Paul the First, who was killed by order of the British.
  4. andrei332809
    andrei332809 9 September 2013 08: 58 New
    +3
    I’m going to reread Tolstoy hi
    1. Garrin
      Garrin 9 September 2013 09: 55 New
      +2
      Quote: andrei332809
      I'll go Tolstoy re-read hi

      “There are no comrades for taste and color,” as they say, but I like Sergeyevsky Tsensky’s “Sevastopol Strada” more, although Tolstoy is magnificent.
      1. fokino1980
        fokino1980 9 September 2013 11: 29 New
        +5
        Sergeev-Tsensky! At one time, I simply "plowed" and ultimately made me an officer of the Russian fleet. What a low bow to him. I never regretted my choice, no matter what !!!
        1. Garrin
          Garrin 9 September 2013 12: 08 New
          +2
          Quote: fokino1980
          I never regretted my choice, no matter what !!!

          Great choice. It is a pity that only "+" I can thank you for your service. hi
        2. dentitov
          dentitov 11 September 2013 00: 39 New
          0
          Quote: fokino1980
          Sergeev-Tsensky! At one time, I simply "plowed" and ultimately made me an officer of the Russian fleet. What a low bow to him. I never regretted my choice, no matter what !!!


          Taking off my hat!
  5. forester
    forester 9 September 2013 09: 04 New
    12
    Honor and Glory to the Russian army and the shame of power. Thank you Chancellor Gorchakov who manages to almost level the results of this war
  6. dizelniy
    dizelniy 9 September 2013 09: 27 New
    +2
    Quote: Civil

    Civil
    (1)

    Today, 08: 57

    ↑ ↓ New


    Crimean war, eternal memory to heroes! Including their merit in the abolition of slavery in Russia

    There has never been slavery in Russia; a peasant could get free will as a result of a feat in the army service and even become a junior officer.
    1. FREGATENKAPITAN
      FREGATENKAPITAN 9 September 2013 09: 36 New
      +4
      Not quite so with regard to "slavery" ... in Rome, slaves could also redeem themselves or relatives .... however, the system was slaveholding ........... It’s just that the very essence of serfdom was different (the word itself is “fortress” ) the peasant was fixed for land ....... and the land belonged to the landowner ....... this is the Russian national, patriarchal order (IMHO)
      1. Alexander Romanov
        Alexander Romanov 9 September 2013 10: 32 New
        +3
        Quote: FREGATENKAPITAN
        the peasant was assigned to the land ....... and the land belonged to the landowner .....

        Well, in short, as now
    2. Civil
      Civil 9 September 2013 14: 32 New
      +5
      A serf, like a slave, was property, three signs of ownership of a person, I own, I use, I dispose. Strong and owned and there were clear records of how and where, Chichikov just bought such lists. Used in a different way as peasants to the serf theater. They disposed of it, for example, they lost it on cards, they gave it to the dowry, they stupidly sold it ... Alas, it is. This is slavery from a legal point of view. This is a tragedy and do not whitewash black.
    3. Uzoliv
      Uzoliv 9 September 2013 19: 51 New
      +2
      Quote: dizelniy
      There has never been slavery in Russia, a peasant could get free will for money

      Yes, the peasant could redeem for money, but only on one condition, if that was the will of his master. It is enough to recall how they bought Taras Shevchenko, how long they persuaded Engelhardt (the owner), how people like Zhukovsky, Karl Bryullov, professor Venetsianov simply tried to get him out - to buy Shevchenko from him. And if the landowner came across a tyrant, then it was impossible to leave him for no money. And from here a simple paradoxical situation developed, when the peasant, conducting a successful business (as a matter of fact already being a merchant) legally remained a serf peasant, while being richer than his master. Such a situation was very rare, but it did occur.
  7. Pilat2009
    Pilat2009 9 September 2013 09: 28 New
    +5
    The French then robbed the Lyuli from the Prussians without our help. This is what Napoleon’s victorious army turned into in 40 years, like the Yeltsin’s reforms — an analogy
    1. Internal combustion engine
      Internal combustion engine 9 September 2013 09: 33 New
      -2
      Correctly noticed. In general, the reign of Nikolai Palkin is surprisingly similar to the current presidency. Therefore, the finale will be similar.
  8. Per se.
    Per se. 9 September 2013 09: 45 New
    10
    The Crimean War is the litmus of the West’s relations with Russia, it doesn’t matter here, the tsar is on our throne or the Communists, give slack, and, "Do not be afraid of the seven," we have no comrades there. History may repeat itself if Russia weakens. It's a shame for Sevastopol, every stone is watered with Russian blood, and now, as it turns out, this is someone else’s territory, they gave it away without war, without a fight, and even an alternative is being considered for the main Black Sea Fleet base in Novorossiysk. As the British are in Gibraltar, so for us, Sevastopol, without any options, in any situation, even if they say that this is the main base of the Russian fleet in the Black Sea, we won’t leave, otherwise it’s a betrayal of what our ancestors gave their lives for. .
    1. Pilat2009
      Pilat2009 9 September 2013 10: 05 New
      +4
      Quote: Per se.
      we will not leave, otherwise, it is a betrayal of what our ancestors gave their lives for.

      For this drunken huge minus, Crimea had to be left by any means
      1. Alexander Romanov
        Alexander Romanov 9 September 2013 10: 34 New
        +4
        Quote: Pilat2009
        For this drunken huge minus, Crimea had to be left by any means

        Now, that wave your fists, you need to return
    2. Mhpv
      Mhpv 9 September 2013 11: 19 New
      +6
      Quote: Per se.
      It's a shame for Sevastopol, every stone is watered with Russian blood, and now, as it turns out, this is a foreign territory, they gave it away without war

      Not only Sevastopol is there, but the whole Crimea is saturated with Russian history.
  9. Garrin
    Garrin 9 September 2013 10: 01 New
    +6
    Contrary to all logic, I do not consider the defense of Sevastopol a defeat. On the contrary, this is one of the most heroic pages in our history. That's what kids need to learn from. Such heroism and self-sacrifice, which the Russian people showed during this defense, almost never met in any other people.
    ETERNAL GLORY TO HEROES !!!
    1. Nayhas
      Nayhas 9 September 2013 11: 01 New
      +1
      Quote: Garrin
      Contrary to all logic, I do not consider the defense of Sevastopol a defeat.

      So so every lost war can not be considered a defeat. And what does that change?
      1. nnz226
        nnz226 9 September 2013 12: 11 New
        +5
        If you imagine the opposite: to transfer the forces and armaments of the allies to the Russians, and Russian - to give to the same British, and put them in defense of some city from the Russians - the question is, how long would the defense of that Aglitz city extend? A week, two? Of course, not under the leadership of Prince Menshikov over the Russians ... An example from the second defense: the phrase of an English journalist: "The biggest mystery of the 2 World War will be that why, with overwhelming superiority in aviation, tanks, artillery, people, the Germans could not take Sevastopol 250 days, and the Russians beat him back in just three days? "
        1. Drosselmeyer
          Drosselmeyer 9 September 2013 12: 58 New
          +2
          You forget that the Red Army lost Crimea (except for Sevastopol) in less than a week, and the Germans managed to defend it much longer, in fact, from the beginning of 1942 until May 1944.
      2. Garrin
        Garrin 9 September 2013 12: 17 New
        +3
        Quote: Nayhas
        And what does that change?

        Can't you see? During the Second World War and the second, no less legendary defense, the defenders stood to death, largely equaling the exploits of their ancestors. The whole land of Sevastopol is deeply saturated with blood, before no one even allowed himself to throw a cigarette butt or husk from seeds on this earth. Only now, with the advent of Svidomo the city began to foul.
        1. Slobozhanin
          Slobozhanin 9 September 2013 22: 22 New
          +1
          Quote: Garrin
          Quote: Nayhas
          And what does that change?

          Can't you see? During the Second World War and the second, no less legendary defense, the defenders stood to death, largely equaling the exploits of their ancestors. The whole land of Sevastopol is deeply saturated with blood, before no one even allowed himself to throw a cigarette butt or husk from seeds on this earth. Only now, with the advent of Svidomo the city began to foul.

          Well, yes ... the damned "Svidomites" took out the population of Sevastopol and brought their "" to spit on the city with seeds :)
          Glory to the heroes who stood steadfastly on the defense of the city !!!
          It is very disappointing that because of logistics problems the war ended in this way, because in the Caucasus and the Balkans the Russian Empire defeated and crushed the enemy.
  10. avt
    avt 9 September 2013 10: 08 New
    +5
    Quote: Garrin
    Contrary to all logic, I do not consider the defense of Sevastopol a defeat.

    Sevastopol surrendered as Moscow in 1812, withdrawing troops to the North Side, with a sauce so as not to let the Anglo-Franks from Crimea to Russia and miscalculated, everything turned out to be much more prosaic, they solved the main task of destroying the fleet in the south - they calmed down, perfectly understanding the futility of further actions considering Nepira experience in the Baltic.
    1. Peaceful military
      Peaceful military 9 September 2013 12: 35 New
      +1
      How to say...
      Moscow in 1812 was not defended, like Sevastopol, for almost 1,5 years. hi
      1. avt
        avt 9 September 2013 14: 28 New
        0
        Quote: Peaceful military
        How to say...
        Moscow in 1812 was not defended, like Sevastopol, for almost 1,5 years.

        Yes, because in 1812 there was a developed and approved strategy for warfare and Kutuzov clearly implemented it. Well, then the naval ones resisted, the army then left and carried out Menshikov’s plan to prevent the “breakthrough” of the interventionists from Crimea. Well, and then again they built a bridge and moved the troops to the North Side drowned the ships, then they lifted a lot and the ships still sailed along the Black Sea, but not in the Navy.
  11. George
    George 9 September 2013 10: 35 New
    +6
    Hello everyone .
    Tyutchev responded to the described events:
    [iFifteen years since then,
    A series of events has passed,
    But faith didn’t deceive -
    And the Sevastopol rumble
    Last we hear the peal.
    The last blow and thunder
    He suddenly struck, invigorating;
    The last in the fight is harsh
    Now only the word has been spoken;
    That word is the Russian Tsar.

    And all that was so recently
    Blind erected by enmity
    So brazenly, so selflessly,
    Before the honesty of his sovereign
    Everything collapsed by itself.

    And now: the free element, -
    Our native poet would say
    Do you make noise like in the old days
    And roll the blue waves
    And sparkle with proud beauty! ..

    Fifteen years kept you
    Violence in Western captivity;
    You didn’t give up and murmured
    But the time has come - violence has fallen:
    It went like a key to the bottom.

    Calls again and annoys
    Native Russia is your wave,
    And to the dispute that God will judge
    Great Sevastopol awakens
    From a bewitched dream.

    And the fact that you during it
    Hid the weather from swearing
    In his sympathetic bosom,
    Will you give us - and without damage -
    Immortal Black Sea Fleet.

    Yes, in the heart of the Russian people
    It will be holy this day, -
    He is our outer freedom
    He is the Peter and Paul Arch
    Illuminate the grave canopy ...] [/ i]
    But here Velvet Prince Gorchakov Alexander Mikhailovich enters the political arena, who had to work hard, leading Russia back to the Black Sea - the consequences of the affairs of Chancellor Nesselrode, who was listening to orders from Vienna. And yet he could. Then Tyutchev showed the world these lines:
    [i] Yes, you kept your word:
    Without moving a gun, not a ruble,
    Enters the rights again
    Native Russian land.

    And we bequeathed to the sea
    Again free wave
    On a brief forgetting shame,
    Lobzitsya shore of his native. [/ I]
    Eternal memory to the heroic defenders of their native land.
  12. JonnyT
    JonnyT 9 September 2013 11: 10 New
    +9
    And how they laughed at the fortifications from bags and wicker baskets of sand, they said that the city would be disturbed the first time .... but it turned out differently ...... neither hellish conditions, nor monstrous bombing, nor the betrayal of the supply chain, nothing broke the spirit defenders of the city!
    Eternal glory to the heroes!
  13. Peaceful military
    Peaceful military 9 September 2013 11: 29 New
    +3
    For some reason, I have a parallel between Sevastopol and Port Arthur ...
    HONOR AND GLORY TO HEROES! soldier
  14. Legioner_YU
    Legioner_YU 9 September 2013 13: 02 New
    +3
    counted via translit:

    Glory to the fallen and heroes!

    Everything about the Crimean War is sad and instructive. It seems that after the Khazars it was de jure the first anti-Russian coalition of the then "civilized universal people" and Islamists.
    The coalition against Russia during the Crimean War is surprisingly similar to the current "universal" de facto living ..o-Wahhabist international on the example of past occupations
    Cyprus, Yugoslavia, Bosnia, Kosovo and the future against Syria, Iran and Russia.
  15. Drosselmeyer
    Drosselmeyer 9 September 2013 13: 02 New
    +3
    Nikolaev Russia is very similar to Putin's. The same headless nobles, the dominance of corruption, embezzlement and reassurance of the past grandfather's victories.
  16. individual
    individual 9 September 2013 13: 07 New
    +3
    Prehistory, how it all began:
    In 1831, its most powerful vassal, Muhammad Ali of Egypt, split from the Ottoman Empire. Ottoman forces were defeated in a series of battles, and the inevitability of the capture of Istanbul by the Egyptians forced Sultan Mahmoud II to accept military assistance to Russia. The 10-thousandth corps of Russian troops landed on the banks of the Bosphorus in 1833, prevented the capture of Istanbul, and with it, probably the collapse of the Ottoman Empire.
    The Unkar-Iskelesia treaty, favorable to Russia, concluded as a result of this expedition, provided for a military alliance between the two countries if one of them was attacked. A secret supplementary article of the treaty allowed Turkey not to send troops, but demanded the closure of the Bosphorus for ships of any countries (except Russia).
    In 1839, the situation repeated itself - Muhammad Ali, dissatisfied with the incompleteness of his control over Syria, resumes hostilities. In the battle of Nisib on June 24, 1839, the Ottoman forces were again utterly defeated. The Ottoman Empire was saved by the intervention of Great Britain, Austria, Prussia and Russia.
    But the story is not grateful and the former allies united against
    Russia unleashing aggression in the Crimea and the Caucasus.
  17. Kosatka
    Kosatka 9 September 2013 14: 17 New
    +3
    Sevastopol GLORY and PAIN of our Motherland. Whoever did not fight on this heel and how many people were put here, only God knows. Sevastopol fought to the end, the defenders of the city didn’t when they didn’t pass
    abandoned to die, betrayed. God grant that I would be mistaken, but Russia may lose Sevastopol, we are again DROPED. In the case of Ukraine’s integration into the EU, Russia needs to withdraw from the "Big Agreement" with Ukraine, and act decisively and firmly with the SALE authorities of Ukraine, and if it succeeds in returning Crimea. Otherwise, after two maximum three years, NATO ships will be in the bays of Sevastopol. Everything goes to this. In Sevastopol, yesterday and the day before yesterday, memory actions were held about the events of those GLORIOUS and SORROWED days of defense of Sevastopol 1854-1855





    1. Duelist
      Duelist 9 September 2013 14: 29 New
      +1
      There is no doubt that the Ukrainian authorities will merge Sevastopol with our sworn friends, substituting Russia from the south and opening the Caucasus to the banditry of the democrats. Then Russia will have to take emergency measures to prevent NATO ships and ground units in the Crimea. The very fact of their presence there, on an ongoing basis, is all the more fraught with war.
  18. misterwulf
    misterwulf 9 September 2013 18: 36 New
    +4
    It is the fate of my City to always take the first blow and keep it! Here you can not be indifferent. On my 4-hundredths I dug up so much metal at one time that for 2 weeks I just rode to the nearest reception point :). Very much! On the "auxiliary workers" was enough! It is steel and lead. True, this is the 2nd defense. From time to time, stars, diamonds, and German diamonds.
    And a couple of times - hefty round bullets from rifles ... 1st defense! Here, such a bottom is now lying in my table! I imagine getting into the "tower"! There, from the head, only memories will remain! English coins of that period (they - they wore money here! In their pockets!).
    There were a lot of interesting things, like a piece of caterpillar and an unexploded German mortar. Tons! Simply, the people stopped paying attention and this stony soil is covered with imported "fertile" soil.
    Logical and correct. Here something must grow and bloom before a new ahtung arrives.
    In general, IMHO - the Crimean War - the last "gentleman's war" with elements of the war of the "new era". -Licho in the battle of Balaclava, the Cossacks crushed the British cavalry! This is already a prototype of the "new generation" wars. The next is the war in the USA of 1861-64. was already a war of the “new generation” and further, the more the steeper. The defense of Sevastopol (No. 2) - probably the "apothecary" of the most merciless war in history was (which is somehow symbolic).
    Eternal memory to ALL defenders of the City!
  19. The comment was deleted.
  20. misterwulf
    misterwulf 9 September 2013 19: 00 New
    +1


    But, the third defense, we can not escape! smile Another thing is that history repeats itself. First in the form of tragedy, and then in the form of farce. On farce and all hope :).
    1. Panikovsky
      Panikovsky 9 September 2013 19: 28 New
      0
      and still there is Benkendorf Alexander Khristoforovich, and Dubelt Leonty Vasilievich. in the First World War were heroes.
  21. Panikovsky
    Panikovsky 9 September 2013 20: 00 New
    0
    just try the greats to touch! shit, just dare! zassantsy, filthy.
  22. Panikovsky
    Panikovsky 9 September 2013 20: 17 New
    +1
    Quote: Panikovsky
    surprisingly, it was Slava, from Ukraine, who said that Henry Shliman dug up three for shamelessly stolen money. guys, don't you really know about that?
    Shliman rated thief and bastard.
  23. Panikovsky
    Panikovsky 9 September 2013 20: 47 New
    0
    Glory, take care of yourself, Michael. Glory, you are a cool and serious guy. Take care of yourself.
  24. aszzz888
    aszzz888 10 September 2013 00: 16 New
    0
    The fame of Russian weapons, of Russian heroes, always went ahead.
    Eternal memory to all the fallen!
  25. Admiral 013
    Admiral 013 10 September 2013 05: 45 New
    0
    And they are silent about Kamchatka in England, because this is their most shameful defeat in the Crimean War.
  26. archi.sailor
    archi.sailor 10 September 2013 12: 24 New
    +2
    good article, komenty too. Already home, I wanted to see my mother)). From a series of Sevastopol humor: Question on the street:
    -Tell me how to get to the sailor Cat?
    -So-so-and-so.
    -Don't you know, Sailor Cat is at home?
  27. dentitov
    dentitov 11 September 2013 00: 41 New
    0
    Quote: predator.3
    The strategic goal of unleashed aggression against Russia was the conquest of domination in the Balkans, the Black Sea region, the Caucasus and the Far East and the prevention of secession of the Balkan possessions of Turkey inhabited by Orthodox peoples, which would seriously consolidate Russia on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus, the Balkans, and later obtaining exclusive control over the entrance to the Black Sea - the Bosphorus and Dardanelles straits, which would de facto make the Black Sea an inland reservoir of the Russian Empire.

    These problems were relevant before the Crimean War and even now. This war showed that it is impossible to save money on the armament of the army, the fittings (rifled weapons) were also invented in Russia, but the generals considered them to be an expensive weapon than the smooth-bore (as much as 12 kopecks!) So the Russian soldiers paid for the sea of ​​blood in the battle on the Alma River where the enemy shot them at a distance.


    There was a draw on Alma. The losses are comparable - about 5 thousand of ours and about 4 thousand of the British and French. Our tipped them in the bayonet, they shot us from the fittings. As a result, both sides retreated - ours to Sevastopol, and the British and French - to the landing site.
  28. dentitov
    dentitov 11 September 2013 00: 50 New
    +1
    Quote: Garrin
    Contrary to all logic, I do not consider the defense of Sevastopol a defeat. On the contrary, this is one of the most heroic pages in our history. That's what kids need to learn from. Such heroism and self-sacrifice, which the Russian people showed during this defense, almost never met in any other people.
    ETERNAL GLORY TO HEROES !!!

    Everything is in order with logic. We did not lose Sevastopol. I got tired of talking about it for many years - HALF OF THE CITY was left. Due to the fact that on the Malakhov Kurgan during the last assault, SIMPLY KILLED ALL PEOPLE. As a result, our troops crossed the bay to the other half of the city in one night and were ready to fight on. But England and France, calculating the losses, began negotiations on peace. WE HAVE NOT LOST SEVASTOPOL, as we did not lose Stalingrad in the middle of October 1942, when half of the city was in the hands of the Germans !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
  29. The comment was deleted.
  30. dentitov
    dentitov 11 September 2013 00: 58 New
    +1
    Quote: Drosselmeyer
    You forget that the Red Army lost Crimea (except for Sevastopol) in less than a week, and the Germans managed to defend it much longer, in fact, from the beginning of 1942 until May 1944.

    So until May 1944, ours made no attempt to recapture the city. At least large-scale attempts. But when they piled on, under better conditions (the Germans had 2 years to strengthen the defense of the city) they were blown away in less than a week.
  31. Panikovsky
    Panikovsky 11 September 2013 20: 59 New
    0
    and also, guys, I love this legend when, during the Crimean War, soldiers carry a decapitated body, and to the question of the officer where, and why, they said, Nikolai Ivanovich will sew, maybe a soldier will fight. Nikolai Ivanovich is the great Pirogov.
  32. Zeev
    Zeev 12 September 2013 03: 10 New
    0
    Monument to five hundred Jewish soldiers and sailors who died during the defense of Sevastopol. Jewish soldiers and sailors were dying for Sevastopol, but Jews were forbidden to live in Sevastopol.