Military Review

Little tricks of the big war

29
Little tricks of the big war10 years have passed since the end of the largest war in the 21st century in the US and its allies against Iraq in 2003. And although the end of active hostilities, US President George W. Bush announced already 1 May 2003, the war, taking the form of a partisan, flared up with a new force in the summer of that year. If during the first month and a half of active hostilities, coalition losses in Iraq made 172 people dead, then in the following months 30 – 50 people continued to die every month, and in November almost as many were killed as on the days of the hottest fighting - 110 servicemen. Of course, on the one hand, such losses can be considered large. But if we estimate the scope of the fighting, the number of troops and equipment that took part in it (more than 300 thousand soldiers and 1700 units of armored vehicles), such losses indicate a high level of preparedness and security of the coalition troops.


Undoubtedly, one of the main conditions for low casualties was the skillful use by the coalition forces of new forms and methods of warfare, of new tactics - “little tricks of war”. Not all of them were voiced by the participants even after the war ended, but almost all served as the basis for the development of new forms of action, including such as promising globally integrated operations.
The topic is relevant and interesting. But based on the allowable volume of a newspaper article, I will focus on some of the most interesting, in my opinion, “tricks” of coalition forces, which are a new word in the art of war.

And not only for Iraqis, but also for specialists from many countries who, for one reason or another, considered their military art as good as American. Life has shown that they were wrong, and perhaps continue to underestimate the role of their military science in the development and introduction of new forms of military operations.

CONQUEST OF THE DOMAIN IN AIR

One of the new theoretical positions of military art, adopted by the allies of the anti-Iraqi coalition, as it became clear much later, was the conduct in peacetime of long, low-stressed, almost invisible to prying eyes, operations to gain air supremacy over Iraq.

This problem was solved during the advance preparation of the theater of operations in the framework of the creation and maintenance by the United States and Great Britain (until 1998 of France) of two so-called no-fly (forbidden) for Saddam aviation zones over Iraq, the borders of which were established north of the 36th (April 1991) and south of the 32nd parallel (August 1992). In 1996, the border of the southern zone was “raised” to the 33rd parallel. In fact, Iraqi sovereignty in the airspace was recognized only over a third of its territory. Allied aircraft reigned supreme over the rest of its territory. As a legal justification, the Allies referred to their understanding of UN Security Council Resolution No. 688 (1991), although the creation of such zones was not authorized by the text of the resolution.

However, the Allies didn’t limit themselves to providing only “no-matter” of designated zones from Iraqi aviation, and began to hit ground targets, including elements of Iraq’s air defense system. Even the tragic incident in the northern no-fly zone in 1994, when the American F-15 fighter jets accidentally shot down two helicopters carrying UN personnel, did not affect the solution of this task. As a result of this “error”, 26 people died.

Subsequently, in 1998, a full-scale air operation was carried out against Iraq in order to gain air supremacy under the pretext of defeating Iraqi facilities for the development, production and storage of components weapons mass destruction, as well as means of delivery of chemical warfare and biological substances. Of the 97 targets hit by US and UK air forces, the vast majority of objects (more than 60%) belonged to the air defense system, including the 32 object of the air defense system, 20 command centers, six airfields.

According to the Pentagon, the effectiveness of strikes was very high - at least 85% of the affected objects. Due to the economic crisis, the inability to restore imported military equipment in the conditions of the economic blockade, the Iraqi air defense system could not solve its problems. According to the recollections of an eyewitness Vladislav Shurygin, a well-known military journalist and columnist who was in Iraq a month before the start of the war, in reality, the Iraqi army degraded over decades of sanctions: remaining on paper an impressive force with thousands tanks armed, with hundreds of airplanes and air defense systems, in reality the Iraqi army practically did not exist as an organized force capable of resisting the coalition led by the most modern army in the world - the American.

In the middle of 2002, the “peacekeeping” operation of the US and British air forces to maintain the no-fly zones was reformatted by the US military leadership into Operation South Focus. The purpose of the operation was the planned destruction from air of military installations in Iraq, which were key to the country's defense system in repelling ground aggression. Unfortunately, the content of this operation is virtually unknown to the general public, although from the standpoint of the new provisions of military theory there is much remarkable in it. Lieutenant-General Michael Moseley, who led the coalition military air operations during the war with Iraq in 2003, spoke about some interesting details on its preparation and conduct.

In particular, as part of this operation, from June 2002 to March 20 on March 2003, when the war officially began, the US Air Force carried out 21 736 combat missions over Iraqi territory, destroying especially important targets for 390. The main objective of the American pilots who participated in Operation South Focus was radar, command centers and, most importantly, the newest fiber-optic communication network connecting Baghdad with military facilities in Basra and Hassiria. In order for the reader to understand the scale of aviation operations, I would like to emphasize that 21 736 combat sorties are the content of a full-fledged air campaign consisting of four or five air operations. Such a blow on the scale of a territory similar to that of Iraq would hardly withstand the Soviet air defense system.

A successful information campaign contributed to the success of the operation. The true goals and objectives of the operation were hidden from the world community by numerous publications in the media about unmotivated aggression by the Iraqis. However, as General Mosley noted, this was a forced activity: “We began to behave a little more aggressively in order to call upon their fire and, thus, to get the opportunity to respond more often ... There was a situation in which it was difficult to distinguish the chicken from the egg. " As a result, before the formal outbreak of hostilities, the Allies could control about 75% of Iraqi territory.

FIRST AIR OPERATION AND PREPARATION OF GROUND

New in operational art, introduced by the Americans, was the solution of the tasks of the first air operations even in peacetime in the course of advance preparation for ground operations. Ignorance of this fact led to the fact that many experts began to argue that the Allied forces launched a ground attack almost immediately, without conducting a long air campaign. Formally, this was so, but in essence - the air campaign was.

No less interesting is the fact that the war actually began on 19 in March 2003 of the year, a few hours before the expiration of the ultimatum imposed by George Bush Saddam Hussein, when American and British airplanes attacked Iraqi artillery positions that were in close proximity to Iraqi Kuwaiti border.

20 March 2003's 05 33 large-scale action began in local time with a massive bombardment of Baghdad, Mosul and Kirkuk by A-10, B-52, F-16 and Harrier bombers. During the operation, “Tomahawks” of the 2003 model of the year were used, which could be programmed simultaneously for 15 targets and broadcast their image to the command post. In addition, GBU-24 aerial bombs weighing 900 kg were used to destroy underground storage facilities. The shell of special nickel-cobalt alloy bombs could pierce concrete 11 m thick, and an incendiary projectile created a burning cloud with a temperature of more than 500 degrees Celsius.

In general, during the war, 10 aviation wings and groups provided air support to Allied forces. Aviation consisted of 420 decked and 540 ground-based aircraft, more than 1100 helicopters.

Thanks to the covert “air campaign” undertaken in advance as part of Operation South Focus, ground operations in Iraq began almost immediately, unexpectedly for both Iraqis and most foreign military analysts.

Along with the advance actions of aviation, the fact that the CIA specialists and the US Special Operations Command have been active in Iraq has played an important role in the implementation of such a plan. Their tasks included establishing ties with the opposition, identifying potential defectors in the Iraqi Armed Forces, identifying storage sites for weapons of mass destruction, preparing a combat area for a lightning war, including defeating air defense systems, identifying sites for airfields and their initial equipment.

An important role was also played by numerous information operations, including the statements of high-ranking representatives of the military-industrial complex and the US Armed Forces that American armored vehicles are not adapted for movement through the desert and can be used only in Mesopotamia.

Information operations reached their goals, and the Iraqi military command began to underestimate the capabilities of modern mechanized units to overcome the desert terrain, concentrating all their attention on the organization of hostilities in Mesopotamia. As a result, Iraq was divided into four military districts: Northern (near Kirkuk and Mosul), Southern with headquarters in Basra, Euphrates, which was to take the brunt, and Baghdad, to which the presidential guard was attributed. The desert was not given due attention. The Iraqis assumed that the aggressors would conduct standard force-to-force front-line operations, advancing in Mesopotamia. Accordingly, the main emphasis was placed on causing unacceptable damage to the allies in dueling situations. The idea that the enemy is developing not only the equipment, but also the theory of warfare and will try to prevent unprofitable situations for itself has not been considered by the top military leadership of Iraq. Therefore, instead of organizing a protracted struggle in cities where warlords could use the strengths of their relatively weak groups, they began to focus on the “linear” confrontation. And as practice has shown in the future, the withdrawal of their armored forces by the Iraqis due to the saving walls of cities to open spaces contributed to their successful destruction by Allied aircraft.

FEATURES OF FIRST OPERATIONS

The general disposition of the main strike force of the ground forces of the international coalition was as follows. The US 3 Mechanized Division concentrated on the left flank with a view to operating westward and further northward across the desert to Baghdad. The 1 US Expeditionary Force Corps was supposed to advance through the center of the country to the north-west along the Basra-Baghdad highway. 1-I British armored division had the task to take control of the oil-bearing area around Basra and the oil terminals on the coast.

The most vividly new approaches to the tactics of actions of the modern ground forces appeared during the offensive of the 3 th mechanized division of the US Army on Baghdad in March 2003 of the year. Proceeding from the fact that the Iraqi command was aimed at positional defense between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, the American command refused to conduct a classic offensive front-line operation, implementing a new form of hostilities - the central network operation (in domestic terminology).

Three brigades of the 3 Mechanized Division (16,5 thousand people, 239 heavy tanks, 283 BMP, 48 fire support helicopters, as well as self-propelled artillery installations and numerous rear support equipment) to get ahead of Baghdad as quickly as possible. The brigades had to bypass settlements, capture and hold until the second echelon approached the airfields and bridges over the Euphrates, remaining on its west bank until the units of the Republican Guard of Iraq around the city of Karbala in 80 km south-west of the capital were completely destroyed .

Brigades made movement in the rear of the Iraqis by forced marches with dissected columns on a broad front. The 2-I brigade on the left flank was moving in two columns: the tracked vehicles were moving at full speed along the impassable roads, while all wheeled vehicles proceeded at lower speeds along the roads. On the right, where the 1 Brigade was, all the vehicles went off-road in battle order, first a “wedge” (one battalion in front, two in back), and then - in line.

On the very first day of the combat operations of the US 3 Brigade, within six to seven hours, they advanced 240 km into the depths of Iraqi territory. With modern speeds on motorways, this figure will not surprise anyone. But imagine the state of command, which planned its actions, based on the fact that the enemy would advance twenty kilometers a day, and suddenly found out that a large group of the enemy was already deep in the rear. It was the nightmare of the German blitzkrieg 1939 – 1941, but in a new, better performance. The entire defense of the Iraqis almost collapsed.

At the very beginning of hostilities, the American command applied a new method of action for brigades in the offensive (“roll”): one brigade advanced at maximum speed, bypassing enemy settlements and centers of resistance. The second brigade followed and provided for the isolation of settlements and centers of resistance of the enemy. After the approach of the third brigade, the second was further advanced, continuing to ensure the advancement of the first brigade, or, conversely, was rapidly moving forward at that time, as now the first brigade ensured the isolation of settlements and centers of resistance of the enemy.

To maintain a high rate of advance and ensure the safety of the advancing forces, a clear interaction was organized between the brigades in time and along the lines, with active aviation support at any time of the day or night.

Practically it looked like this. The 3 brigade of the 3 th mechanized division suddenly captured Talil military airfield located near the city of Nasiriyah and moved west to bypass the city, blocking it with part of its forces. The 1 Brigade passed Nasiriyah west to Samawah at full speed. The 3 Brigade remained in Nasiriyah until the 2 Brigade of the Marine Corps approached, then moved north-west to maintain control of the route towards Samawah.

Surrounding Nasiriyah, March 23, the marines and special forces, launched an assault on the city. Having captured the city, the Americans gained an important base in southern Iraq. Through the airfield Talil coalition forces were able to quickly replenish.

The special features of the operation include the concept of rear support for the maneuverable actions of the combat units of the division. Initially, part of the rear maintenance service of the 3 th mechanized division was tasked with avoiding populated areas to reach the area where the division was concentrated deep in Iraq at a distance of 400 km from the front line. As such an area - in order to conceal a powerful grouping of Americans into their rear from the Iraqis - a section of the desert was identified south-west of the settlement of Najaf (the conventional designation of the area is “the RAMS object”).

The plan was a success completely. Due to the swiftness and suddenness of the actions of the brigades of the 3 th mechanized division, the Iraqis, despite the lengthiness of the American rear communications, did not cause significant damage to their rear units. Only one of the convoys, having strayed from the route, was ambushed and sustained casualties by the dead and prisoners.

The operation to ensure the safety of the “RAMS facility” and to isolate the village of Najaf was carried out by the 1 and 2 teams. In the first echelon, the 2 Brigade operated, which in 40 hours overcame a route of about 370 km and organized in the “RAMS facility”, with direct air support and artillery fire to 10.00, 23 in March completely captured the area. From the north (from the side of Baghdad) the “RAMS object” was isolated from Najaf by the 1-I brigade.

The Iraqis were not prepared in advance for action in the area, as they did not expect large enemy groups in their deep rear only two days after the start of hostilities. Therefore, subsequent improvisations of the Iraqi command, who chaotically tried to reshape their plans under the unexpected tactics of the Americans, did not produce any effect. The situation was not saved even by the Iraqi special forces units, which from the Najaf area over the next two days attempted several times to attack the US positions in the "RAMS" area. They were unsuccessful, as the special forces were already opposed by a group of American troops consisting of up to 30 thousand soldiers and officers, up to 200 tanks and up to 230 helicopters, which was also actively supported by allied tactical and strategic aviation. The allies' undivided rule in the air allowed them to dictate their terms of war, sometimes preventing the Iraqis from raising their heads.

The high military art of the Americans manifested itself in the course of the organization by the brigades of the 3-th mechanized division when they crossed a large water barrier, the Euphrates River, from the RAMS area.

ON THE ASSISTANCE TO BAGHDAD

At the last stage of the operation to capture Baghdad, it was supposed to bypass the city of Karbala, force the Euphrates River, advance to the capital of Iraq and isolate the city. After the isolation of Baghdad, it was supposed to master the city by the method of raids (raids) of brigades.

The terrain to the west of the Euphrates restricted the movement of large masses of troops, being saturated with canals, irrigation ditches and structures, stone quarries and suburbs of the settlement of Karbala. The only passable terrain for the combat units of the division and their logistic support was a narrow (up to 4 km) passage between Kerbala and a large lake. The American command of the conditions of the terrain was forced to go forward only through this passage: through it there was an exit to the district of r. Euphrates, where there were two bridges, each on the 4 strip. Naturally, the Iraqi command also correctly estimated the terrain and planned a “fire bag” in this narrow lane.

Under these conditions, the command of the 5 Army Corps, which included the 3-I mechanized division, showed military trick. In order to divert the attention of Iraqis from the passage near the city of Karbala, a bridge was chosen across the Euphrates River in another area, east of Karbala. And then, over the course of two days, all the efforts of the 5 Army Corps were defiantly aimed at seizing it and at destroying the Iraqi firepower in the area. The measures taken justified themselves.

The attack began successfully. The tanks of the 2 Brigade seized the western part of the false bridge across the Euphrates in less than an hour, and after the engineering units had cleared the bridge itself, they fired at the enemy on the opposite bank for several hours. Since the actions of the 2 brigade were merely demonstrative, the Americans did not force the river, and in order to convince the enemy of the success of his defense, by the evening they even moved a little. At the same time, the blocking positions of the brigade were chosen so as to convince the Iraqis that the new offensive of the Americans in the direction of the chosen false object was resumed from them, and actually intended to organize support for the fighting of the other two division brigades the next day in the main direction. The main task of the “advancing” troops on the false bridge was to reveal the positions of the Iraqi artillery with its subsequent destruction. As a result of the two-day battles, the American command, using artillery and aircraft extensively, prevented the very possibility of the enemy creating a fire bag in the passage of Karbala, beating Iraqis in the counter-battery struggle. At the same time, combat helicopters played an important role.

The real offensive on the main line (in the passage between Karbala and the large lake) began at night from 1 to April 2. The 1-I brigade, with a tank battalion on the right and an infantry battalion on the left, entered the passage of Karbala. The resistance of the Iraqis, weakened by a massive long-range fire attack, was negligible. A few hours after the start of the battle (to 06.00 2 of April), the tank battalion of the 1 Brigade reached the two bridges as planned, while the infantry battalion conducted clearing the area from small enemy groups. The remaining units of the brigade entrenched to the west and north of Karbala, and the 3-I brigade - to the east. The plan was a success almost entirely - by April 15.00, the 2 Brigade Tank Battalion of the 1 completely cleared and took control of the western bank near the bridges over the Euphrates River. The infantry battalion of the brigade, supported by artillery, aircraft and helicopter gunships, together with the engineer company assigned to the engineering battalion of the brigade, crossed the river in inflatable boats and took control of the east coast near the bridges. Their task was to prevent the enemy from breaking up bridges. However, this task was solved only partially - the Iraqis had mined the supports of the north bridge in advance and managed to activate several explosive devices even before the American sappers reached the object.

The south bridge was captured by the Americans in full safety, and according to it the tank battalion of the brigade moved to the opposite bank. The rest of the day and the night that followed were used to strengthen the beachhead and its expansion.

The 2 brigade, which was released after a false attack on the bridge, was given the task of following the 1 brigade, forcing the Euphrates, advancing the battle formations of the 1 brigade and reaching the southern outskirts of Baghdad in order to isolate the city from a possible enemy reserves approach. Against the background of the actions of the 1 and 3 teams, the actions of the 2 teams were not so successful. Affected human factor. Forced by the leadership to act as quickly as possible, the commander of the 2 th brigade first tried not to go through the aisle, but directly along the shortest off-road path. As a result, the brigade’s wheeled and tracked vehicles got stuck in canals and irrigation ditches. A strong sandstorm also had a negative impact, and the 2 Brigade, in violation of the plan, was able to reach the bridge over the Euphrates only by the morning of April 3.

While the 1 Brigade was waiting at the bridgehead behind the bridge for the 2 Brigade, it had to repel the tank attack of the 10 Tank Brigade of the Iraqi Medina Division. The fight was hard. The enemy’s counterattack was repulsed only by the launch of a “late” 2 brigade.

Next, the 2 Brigade continued the attack in the next order of battle. One mechanized infantry battalion within three hours advanced to the designated area on the southern outskirts of Baghdad, followed by units of a tank battalion on the route. One mechanized battalion closed the battle line directly from the bridge over the Euphrates along the entire route of movement. One tank battalion acted on the right flank by blocking the intersection of two routes No. 9 and No. 8 and preventing the approach of enemy reserves.

As soon as all parts of the 2-th brigade passed over the bridge over the Euphrates, parts of the 1-th brigade took off and began to fulfill their main task - the exit to the western outskirts of Baghdad to the area of ​​Saddam Hussein International Airport.

FALLING OF THE CAPITAL

The advancement of the 1 Brigade began in the afternoon of 3 April. Originally had to move off the roads. The movement was hampered by difficult terrain and constant ambushes. By the same day 22.00, the advance brigade tank battalion went to the airport. The success was facilitated by the extensive conduct of night activities and their suddenness. In particular, without waiting for the approach of the main forces of the brigade, the tank battalion of the 1 th brigade began a night battle, attacking enemy defenses around the airport from the south. Tankers fought the whole night, reflecting several enemy counterattacks. The Iraqis ’misfortune was in almost complete absence of the means of night fighting, so they couldn’t knock out the tankers from the airfield. By the morning of April 4, an infantry battalion approached the airport, which, acting in a hurry, blocked the airport from the east in order to prevent the reserves from approaching Baghdad. As a result, an important base was created in the airport area for the isolation operation in Baghdad. The fate of the capital of Iraq has practically been resolved.

Aviation has undoubtedly played a major role in the successful actions of the ground forces. Over the 21 day of the war, 1800 combat vehicles of the Allies struck about 20 thousand rocket-bombing attacks (almost an average of a thousand blows each day). Of these, 15 800 was directed against the ground forces of the Iraqi army, 1400 struck objects of the Iraqi Air Force and Air Defense, the targets of 1800 were the administrative objects of the Iraqi regime.

In analyzing the effectiveness of the actions of the Iraqi Armed Forces, it is necessary to take into account in detail the full range of conditions in which they find themselves: the political, military-strategic and economic situation that developed on the eve of the war. Otherwise, you can make one-sided and incorrect conclusions. Thus, the legend is walking through the pages of the press that the main reason for the defeat of the Iraqi army was the betrayal of the top military leadership. Of course, there is some truth in this. But the reasons for the defeat of Iraq in 2003 were largely similar to the reasons for the defeat of the Red Army in June 1941 in the war against fascist Germany. Then, too, not wanting to admit the true causes of the defeat, the leadership of the Soviet Union blamed a group of generals for all the troubles. However, their execution did not change the course of the war. They retreated until they began to understand the essence of the new revolutionary changes not only in military equipment, but also in the theory of its application, until commanders “capable of fighting in a new way” “grew”.

The main reason that led to the defeat of the Iraqi army in a matter of days, along with the deplorable state of heavy machinery and the lack of a strategic ally, is that the Iraqi command tried to counter the theory of operations in the newest forms and methods of using the troops of the 21st century. the middle of the last century.

We must pay tribute to the courage of the majority of Iraqi soldiers and officers who, in these conditions, realizing the enormous quantitative and qualitative superiority of the enemy, defended their homeland with machine guns and grenade launchers. Both Americans and Iraqis fought bravely. Paraphrasing Napoleon’s famous statement about the result of the Battle of Borodino in 1812, it can be argued that the Americans in this battle did everything to be victorious, and the Iraqis received the right to be called invincible.
Iraqis are a proud people, the war is not over yet.
Author:
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  1. 31231
    31231 10 September 2013 07: 46 New
    -17
    Yeah, a hysterical victory. Something reminds me of our 080808 over Georgians.
    1. T80UM1
      T80UM1 10 September 2013 09: 15 New
      12
      Bullshit, victory is not hysterical. If itoric was meant, then it does not correspond a bit. The overwhelming superiority in aviation, carried out almost an annual bombing of infrastructure and the sending of spies with saboteurs. If Georgia had been rolled out like this in advance for a year, then 5 days of war would not have been required. 080808 - everything was spontaneous and inconsistent, especially with airstrikes, as always. You can immediately see who was the initiator - the United States and Georgia.
      1. aksakal
        aksakal 10 September 2013 11: 34 New
        12
        Quote: T80UM1
        Overwhelming superiority in aviation, carried out almost an annual bombing of infrastructure and the sending of spies with saboteurs
        - the most important factor was forgotten - it was already recognized at the official level that Iraqi generals were RE-KEEPED! What victory can be with the mass betrayal of almost all national commanders? Without the betrayal of the military elite, the factors listed by you would have absolutely no meaning, well, or if the amers would have suffered unacceptable losses anyway.
        Those traitorous generals - burn them in hell. Not only did they betray their people and condemned them to suffering in a bloody terrorist strife, with the complete absence of any kind of economy or even tiny elements of social protection of vulnerable layers of the population, they also put a pig into their betrayal and peace - since then the Americans they believed in their impunity, and where the punishment still shines, they believed that one can pay off the punishment one hundred percent, and at a low price. By the way, the entire operation for the purchase of Iraqi generals cost only 600 Amer’s lyam - a penny. I thought, at least for some loot, they sold their Motherland - but sold it for the same 30 pieces of silver. To hell, gentlemen, to hell, you burn there forever and ever!
      2. 31231
        31231 10 September 2013 11: 54 New
        +8
        And we had time to prepare 080808 ?! Our grandfathers in 1941 believed in peace from Germany. And they were right. For we are a Russian peaceful people and the one who comes to us with a sword will be bad.
        У меня дед из под Бреста выходил из окружения 3 месяца. Так он говорил "что они при удобном и неудобном случае этих тварей валили, под конец у большинства окруженцев трофейное оружие было, ибо боеприпасы от своего были израсходованы".
        That Saddam’s troops showed some resistance ?! The Viet Cong and the Chinese in Korea, the Cubans in Grenada, this is where the Americans ran into serious opponents. The same thing in Ossetia, the Georgians did not particularly persist.
        1. Black
          Black 10 September 2013 19: 04 New
          0
          Quote: 31231
          And we had time to prepare 080808 ?!

          Yes, it was ... Saku was bred like a fool, he bought a simple two-way. Lured and smeared.
          Another thing was done in Russian, in a snap, but not with the mind. And for the loss of carcasses, sushkas, the eggs had to hang commanders ...
          I will not give evidence. They are well known.
  2. Strashila
    Strashila 10 September 2013 08: 53 New
    +5
    So what...??? Sly actions, using the airspace of neutral countries, as in Yugoslavia and further Serbia ... there was virtually no open confrontation ... the author forgot to write about the betrayal of the Iraqi military leadership, which in fact ensured the victory of the coalition ... which was later applied and in Libya ... in short ... the main weapon is the Golden Donkey.
    1. Arti
      Arti 10 September 2013 13: 29 New
      +5
      Проблема в том, что "предательство военного руководства" - тоже можно считать оружием, равно как и информацию.

      The main idea of ​​the author is spelled out correctly - woe to the general who is preparing for yesterday's wars.
  3. Speedy
    Speedy 10 September 2013 09: 16 New
    10
    Главная "маленькая военная хитрость" это купленные генералы и 12 лет методичной подготовки.
    1. washi
      washi 10 September 2013 09: 41 New
      +4
      Quote: Sorrow
      Главная "маленькая военная хитрость" это купленные генералы и 12 лет методичной подготовки.

      The most important thing is that this does not happen to us. The psychological treatment of the population of the USSR has been going on for a long time, with the leadership of the republics, too, not everything is clear.
      1. Speedy
        Speedy 10 September 2013 10: 26 New
        +2
        With us in 1991 it was probably worse ... EVERYONE silently watched as the State was transferred to the new owners without war. I hope the conscience of the people woke up and this will not happen again.
  4. Prometey
    Prometey 10 September 2013 09: 59 New
    +5
    When the Yankees launched an attack on Baghdad in 2003, Iraqi generals claimed that it would become the new Stalingrad and the grave for thousands of Americans who would get bogged down for months in urban battles. And there was an interview with L. Ivashov, who then said that they would take Baghdad within 2-3 weeks without fierce fighting. In principle, he looked into the water.
    Then many (even Americans) overestimated the possible resistance force of the Iraqi army. The Iraqi defense simply crumbled with the first blows of the coalition, the air power, which I must say, was very impressive.
    The point was not only in the total military-technical, strategic superiority of the coalition forces over Iraq, but also in the fact that no popular war came about. There was such a state of Iraq, but there has never been an Iraqi people as a whole.
    1. T80UM1
      T80UM1 10 September 2013 10: 01 New
      +2
      Therefore, in order for there to be a single people during the war, it is necessary to crush the 5th column and the Natsiks in advance, otherwise in Iraq.
      1. Prometey
        Prometey 10 September 2013 10: 25 New
        +1
        Quote: T80UM1
        need to crush 5 column and Natsik

        It's not about the fifth column. Sadly, artificial formations like Iraq and Yugoslavia are not viable if their population is held in their hands by only one political will. The sense that Hussein crushed the fifth column. At the first blows, the Kurds and Shiites turned against him
    2. plantagenet
      plantagenet 10 September 2013 22: 22 New
      0
      Leonid Ivashov: - There will be no lightning war, that's for sure. There will be no contactless war - in this way, neither in Yugoslavia nor in Afghanistan, political goals were achieved. Faced with Iraqi resistance, Washington will go on to use weapons of mass destruction. Most likely, it will be a nuclear weapon. Nuclear weapons are needed primarily to paralyze the country's governance system. These will be low-power deep-level nuclear charges to destroy bunkers ...
    3. plantagenet
      plantagenet 10 September 2013 22: 47 New
      +1
      Из книги Л.Млечина "Путин, Буш и война в Ираке":

      But the forecasts of our military experts were full of skepticism. Russian generals believed that the Americans were not able to fight.

      Army General Mikhail Moiseev, who in 1988-1991 was the chief of the General Staff:

      - Blitzkrieg will not work. The climatic situation is unfavorable: storms begin, more than two dozen wells have already been blown up. I am waiting for what the Muslim world will say. I think the influential Saudi Arabia will not stand aside, the Caucasus and Central Asia will stir up. Americans from the time of the war of the North and South practically did not participate in hostilities. In Vietnam, they crashed, in Afghanistan, ground combat was carried out by local residents. The Americans themselves will have to fight in Iraq ...

      Lieutenant General Hero of Russia Vladimir Shamanov, former commander of the federal forces in Chechnya, and then the governor of the Ulyanovsk Region:

      - One thing I can say: the Americans cannot quickly solve the problem - the Muslim world will respond to this invasion. The US decision to attack Iraq is the beginning of the end of America.
  5. kostya_a
    kostya_a 10 September 2013 10: 08 New
    +2
    Confirmation of the theory that the Anglo-Saxons are fighting patterns, but the patterns are always different!
  6. Stiletto
    Stiletto 10 September 2013 10: 31 New
    +2
    Panegyric on the strategic and tactical genius of the coalition troops did not even read to the end. The main reasons for the defeat of Hussein’s army in the Iraq war, in my opinion, were the betrayal of the Iraqi general and the lack of partisan actions that would force the US leadership to quickly curtail the ground operation following the example of the Afghan campaign.
  7. eplewke
    eplewke 10 September 2013 10: 50 New
    +7
    no doubt. Americans won the war by five plus. But there are many factors. they said already, there is no integrity of the people, resistance is nowhere lower, the generals bought, absolutely stupid balance of power. Yes, and 10 years preparing to defeat an already half-worn and economically weakened country? Escape from Kuwait, the war with Iran, economic sanctions ... Perhaps, if you kill the first wave of Americans, what are the interesting reserves? Cowardly and worthless! Here is the answer. To withstand and break the most combat-ready first echelons of mattress-beds, and then Americans will have no one to fight effectively ... All wars are of the same type. Quick blitzkrieg, dominance in the air, I’m wondering in which country the amers will break their teeth ... Are we the only ones who can stop this darkness ???
    1. plantagenet
      plantagenet 10 September 2013 22: 32 New
      +2
      Из книги Л.Млечина "Путин, Буш и война в Ираке"

      Russian generals were outraged by the weakness of the Iraqis.

      Colonel-General Yuri Rodionov, Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Defense Committee, and formerly the former Head of the Main Department of Personnel of the Ministry of Defense, said:

      - So they do not defend their homeland! The Iraqis had everything to resist: put on the road a couple of anti-tank batteries or anti-aircraft weapons - and little was left of American technology. Remember Grozny: how many of ours entered there, but less than half managed to get out. In the city, modern technology is defenseless, and a simple grenade launcher can do this! Everything suggests that no one but suicide bombers wants to resist: Iraqis stand and wave their fists. Apparently, not everything was in order in the environment of Hussein ...

      Marshal Dmitry Yazov, the former Minister of Defense, was even more upset:

      “Baghdad fell, but the war did not end, and I'm not sure that the Americans took Iraq.” There is an information war, in it there are more lies than truths. How many times have Hussein been killed, Basra taken, how many helicopters and planes have Iraqis shot down? But the Iraqis greatly amaze me: why don't they fight in the city and have so ugly fortified their houses in Baghdad? They laid sandbags in front of the entrance, stand behind them and wave their hands like fools ...

      Colonel General Arkady Baskaev, who was the commandant of Grozny in 1995, and then became a deputy of the Duma, assessed the situation in Iraq more precisely.
      - Dictatorial regimes are vulnerable. The dictator fell, and after him the regime. When a message came that Saddam Hussein and his two sons were killed, this hesitated in the ranks of the Iraqi army, and its fighting spirit was immediately lost ...
  8. OPTR
    OPTR 10 September 2013 11: 00 New
    10
    The main reason that led to the defeat of the Iraqi army in a matter of days, along with the deplorable state of heavy machinery and the lack of a strategic ally, is that the Iraqi command tried to counter the theory of operations in the newest forms and methods of using the troops of the 21st century. the middle of the last century.


    The details in the article are interesting.
    But the conclusion is just insane.
    Did the Iraqis have a different choice?
    Now, if the Iraqis were opposing the USA not the theory (theory?) Of the last century, as well as a couple of dozen days, striking the US army with the same number of aircraft (1800!), Would that be right?
    And could they physically do this?
    This is like a conclusion that the reason for the defeat of a fifth-grader from a master of sports was the use of an outdated theory by a fifth grader.
    That would apply a new student ...
  9. dzvero
    dzvero 10 September 2013 11: 41 New
    +5
    the details in the article are really interesting.
    only everything is presented as the pinnacle of military thought. in reality, everything is based on the theory of the deep grasp of Triandafilov, the methods of action of mechanized troops according to Guderian and De Gaulle, an analysis of the actions of the Wehrmacht in 40-41 and the Red Army in 44-45. at its core, a desert storm is an analogue of the Wislo-Oder operation of the Red Army performed by the modern American army after 12 years of artillery preparation.
    1. OPTR
      OPTR 10 September 2013 13: 20 New
      +6
      Not only.
      There are also details related to strategy and politics.
      Here are a couple, for example:
      1. Iraq actually fell into political and economic isolation, portrayed as an aggressor (we compare the positive experience of the USSR with the unmentioned author of the article, who tried to avoid this in every possible way, which gave a coalition)
      2. Заведомая пассивность Ирака, предполагавшего "отсидется", и позволившего установить и бесполетную зону, и методично проводить подготовку к атаке. Знай Саддам, что решение о его кончине давно уже принято, что дело не окончится приемлемым ущербом "для престижа", возможно бы было немного иначе.
      Второй пункт, как раз и можно назвать "устаревшей теорией". Мыслить, что потрепав, тебя оставят в покое, уже устарела. Съедят полностью. Уступки не помогут.
  10. poccinin
    poccinin 10 September 2013 13: 27 New
    +1
    но в РОССИИ их ждет сюрпрайз. ОТЕЧЕСТВЕННАЯ ПАРТИЗАНСКАЯ ВОЙНА.нас не купишь по крайне мере народ.на складах еще лежат 3х линейки и пулеметы "максим" серьездно.и автоматов АК-47 хватит на всех включая младенцев.и мужиков у нас настоящих хватает.у них нет интернета.простой телефон кирпич.НО ЕСЛИ ТРУБА ПОЗОВЕТ.нам не надо GPS.сока.десерта.ПАТРОНОВ И ЦЕЛЬ.
    1. Kashchei
      Kashchei 10 September 2013 19: 50 New
      +1
      And the 5th column, fostered in 20 years, do you think it will sit out at rallies? ... Remember how they fired from the tanks at the White House, while a bunch of Patriots told how it would be fine now And not a single one ... in uniform of Ak did not distribute ... to the partisans
  11. apro
    apro 10 September 2013 14: 17 New
    +4
    Many people are unable or unwilling to understand that Saddam Hussein is a puppet of the SGA. Hussein did not fulfill the main task of the amers to destroy the Islamic Republic of Iran and was punished. Hussein was completely subordinate to the amers and did everything by their direct approval and in the attack on Kuwait fulfilled the task of splitting and destabilization of the Middle East. The CAA needed a war and they got it over Hussein whom everyone despised and didn’t want to support him. The comedy of the war of 1991 when Hussein was given the opportunity to leave with minimal military losses but with a strategic defeat, the Amers still needed it. But 2003 amers decided that he had enough and retook the cards and Hussein fell out of the deck but everyone should not feel sorry for him that the games with amers end badly. not tans. Unfortunately, the world is simple. If you have power, real power, then victory is possible and if not, then no, why Vietnam DPRK Cuba Syria kept in Soviet times? they knew that the USSR was not them. will throw. And the victory of the SGA in 2003 over the corpse of the state of Hussein is not a victory but ......
    1. alicante11
      alicante11 11 September 2013 09: 46 New
      0
      That's for sure, you can compare the situation in Iraq, Libya and Syria. The hosts got rid of Hussein and Gaddafi, and in order not to chat too much, they closed their mouths qualitatively. Let's see what happens with Assad. But two years after all, it’s kept, so that is already the result of fidelity to the alliance with Russia in person.
      Саддама особо и не жаль, а вот Каддафи попал как кур в ощип. Дельный же мужик был. Наверное, даже слишком умный. Решил что Россия уже полный ноль и попытался откупиться от западенцев. Но не учел того, что это бандючье не успокоится, пока последние штаны с трупа своей жертвы не снимет. Жалко было на него смотреть в последние дни, когда он говорил мол, "России нету". А с какой стати Россия должна для тебя быть, мил-человек, коль ты к ней задом в свое время повернулся? А когда понял свою ошибку, поздно уже было.
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  13. Ivanovich47
    Ivanovich47 10 September 2013 14: 37 New
    +3
    Результаты войны нужно оценивать по фактическому состоянию Ирака в послевоенный период. Да Америка "победила" Саддама. Что же представляет сегодня Ирак, как государство. In the name of what, has America defeated Iraq? A country torn by strife. Permanent terrorist acts that take the lives of civilians, broken economy. Here are the results of this war.
  14. Vvs
    Vvs 10 September 2013 15: 55 New
    +2
    За "маленькими хитростями" в статье не просматривается главное: новые формы, способы боевых действий и тактические приемы не в теории возникают. Они появляются вслед за качественными, часто революционными изменениями в вооружении и военной технике. Так развитие средств разведки, коммуникаций, высокоточного оружия, авиации и авиационных средств поражения коалиционных сил привело к возможности достижения ими стратегических целей только лишь проведением воздушной кампании, практически "дистанционно". И когда приходит очередь сухопутной группировки - противник уже не может оказать полноценного сопротивления.
    But what the author completely overlooked in theory is the first application of the new military concept of Effects-based operations (EBO) for planning and conducting operations with the integrated use of military and non-military methods to achieve a certain effect. A civilian analogue of such a system is the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) planning method (English - Balanced Scorecard (BSC)) - the concept of transferring and decomposing strategic goals for planning operational activities and monitoring their achievement. In essence, MTP is a mechanism for the interconnection of strategic plans and decisions with daily tasks, a way to direct the activities of the entire company (or group) to achieve them. At the level of business processes, strategic activities are monitored through the so-called Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) (Key Performance Indicator (KPI)). KPIs are indicators of attainability of goals, as well as characteristics of the effectiveness of business processes and the work of each individual employee. In this context, the BSC is a tool not only strategic but also operational management. (Wikipedia).
    An example of another successful use of the EBO method is the operation in Yugoslavia.
    EBOs are defined as “a set of actions aimed at creating a model of behavior of friends, neutral forces and enemies in a situation of peace, crisis and war”.
    Something on the EBO theory can be read here: geopolitica.ru ›sites / default / files / ncw.pdf
    For the practical implementation of this planning method, the software package used in business was used: Strategy Development Toolkit. Here it is, an instrument that made it possible to link political, economic and military goals, comprehensively plan informational impact on the world community, allies and opponents, as well as plan specific actions of politicians, business and the armed forces to achieve specific effects, which led step by step to the achievement of goals in peacetime and during conflict.

    So the war is big, and the trick is not small.
  15. Avenger711
    Avenger711 10 September 2013 17: 58 New
    +5
    Then, too, not wanting to recognize the true causes of the defeat, the leadership of the Soviet Union blamed the group of generals for all the troubles.


    Already for this minus. Learn the history and fundamentals of military affairs.
    As for Iraq, I wish you success in repeating 21 thousand sorties against the USSR’s air defense, or moving forward 240 km in a day, I’m afraid that the aircraft with tanks will end earlier, and, of course, the well-fixed patient does not need anesthesia.
  16. goats denis
    goats denis 10 September 2013 21: 02 New
    0
    The main thing is that the USA won the information war, they managed to impose and scare the Iraqis that the fate of Iraq has already been decided in the White House, resistance is senseless. And everything else is HOLLYWOOD.
  17. Arkan
    Arkan 10 September 2013 22: 59 New
    0
    The coalition did not come up with anything new. In the Second World War, described by the author, the methods were tested and successfully applied. The conquest of air supremacy, massive artillery and bombing strikes on enemy defenses, attacks by tank and motorized units, as well as the destruction of enemy infrastructure, demoralization of troops and the population, through special operations and propaganda. The coalition held an ordinary company.
  18. kavkaz8888
    kavkaz8888 11 September 2013 01: 44 New
    0
    "Если за первых полтора месяца активных боевых действий потери коалиции в Ираке составили 172 человека погибшими,"
    So much fuss and 172 dead !! Yes, if every Iraqi soldier would have shot at least once, there would have been more casualties.
  19. mehmeh
    mehmeh 7 December 2014 18: 01 New
    0
    International isolation. that’s why they didn’t take off Hussein right away and the soul or country was 20
    No matter what the Americans attack, an alliance with neighbors and air defense is necessary. Modern mines. Submarines. Ballistic missiles. Accurate (tactical) ability to inflict unimaginable damage.
    And drag out the war. the main thing is a strong neighbor
    Russia possesses this. so we are the enemy of the usa