The US Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs has prepared a draft resolution supporting the US military operation in Syria. The document, which will be voted on at the beginning of the next week, states that the duration of this operation should be limited to 60 days with the possibility of extension for a month. Almost the same period was allotted in 1999 for the war in Yugoslavia. The participation of US forces in NATO operations was codenamed “Noble Anvil”.
In total, the Yugoslav industrial facilities and social infrastructure of the 639 aircraft carried out an 1991 airstrike. The most tangible consequences caused strikes against the industrial complex in Pancevo: the nitrogen plant, the oil refinery and the petrochemical complex. Toxic chemicals and compounds got into the atmosphere, water and soil, which created a threat to human health and ecological systems throughout the Balkans. At the time of the bombing, there were significant quantities of chemical products in the tanks of the petrochemical plant. As a result of hostilities, poisoning of the air by poisonous fumes from burning oil plants occurred. The Danube and the rest of the rivers were poisoned with oil from the blasted tanks, Skadar and other lakes were polluted, and the Adriatic Sea. Bomb attacks on chemical plants became a precedent in stories.
The Minister of Health of the Republic of Serbia, Leposawa Milicevic, said then: “Even Adolf Hitler did not bomb our chemical plants! NATO does this calmly, destroying rivers, poisoning the air, killing people, the country. Our people are being subjected to a brutal experiment using the latest weapons».
NATO troops acted in Yugoslavia without UN approval. Americans also do not have the appropriate sanctions for military operations in Syria. The whole world hoped that such a tragedy would not happen again. Alas, today the main American “hawk”, Republican Senator John McCain, representing the opinion of a certain part of American society (19% of Americans favored the beginning of hostilities), believes that a limited military operation in Syria is not enough to change the situation. He proposes to destroy the military infrastructure of the Syrian government forces. In other words, destroy the country until the last stone. “If Congress rejected such a resolution after the president of the United States had already expressed his willingness to act, the consequences would have been disastrous,” said McCain after meeting with the president at the White House. By catastrophe, the “people's choice” means the loss of America’s image ...
McCain is worried completely in vain. In the foreseeable future, no one claims the role of America as a global gendarme, and there is no attempt on the image of a total “democratizer”. Understanding this perfectly well, US Secretary of State John Kerry explained to the Commander of the Syrian Free Army (FSA) Salim Idris Washington’s plans to conduct a military operation against the government of Bashar Assad in an accessible telephone conversation. (Well, not with the legally elected president of the country B. Assad to negotiate, really?) Kerry expressed confidence that the US military operation would force Syrian President Bashar Assad to accept responsibility for the use of chemical weapons and reduce the likelihood of its use by the Syrian authorities in future.
The commander of the SSA (and it would be correct to say the leader of the gang) supported the “decision of US President Barack Obama to appeal” to members of Congress with a request to consider a draft resolution authorizing strikes against the positions of the Syrian regime. In other words, approved the actions of the United States, gave, so to speak, the go-ahead. “We understand the decision-making mechanism in democratic countries and are aware that with the support of lawmakers this step will be more effective. We hope that other friendly countries will join the campaign against the regime, ”he said.
As we see, the two “democrats” will always find a common language. The conversation took place in a warm and trusting atmosphere, where the words about the Syrian terrorist’s understanding of the mechanism of “decision-making in democratic countries” are especially appealing. Although, from the point of view of normal human logic, the action of this “mechanism” is impossible to understand: thousands of human lives are put at risk. American Moloch demands new victims.
The civil war in Syria between the authorities and the so-called. the opposition has been going on since March 2011.
According to the UN, more than 110 thousand people have already died, including about 7 thousand children. According to the Human Rights Observatory in Syria, which refers to oppositionists and doctors, in particular, more than 40 thousand civilians were killed, about 21,8 thousand rebels and more than 45 thousand militias and supporters of Damascus.
The country turned into ruins. Recently, the United Nations has published data on the number of refugees from Syria. It turned out that five thousand people left the republic every day. And during the civil war, more than 2 million Syrians were forced to leave the country. At the same time over the past six months, the number of refugees has doubled. “If the situation does not stabilize, the number of refugees will only continue to grow,” quoted UN High Commissioner for Refugees Antonio Guterres quoting Reuters. (According to the United Nations Population Fund, the total population of Syria in 2011 was 20,8 million.)
In addition, the ongoing drought from 2006, which has no analogues in the modern history of Syria, led to unprecedented internal migration: about 1,5 million people (approximately 8% of the country's population) engaged in agriculture were forced by whole families to move from the north-east agricultural region in the city in the south. About 90% of barley harvest died, prices for animal feed have doubled. As a result, small herders in the northeast lost about 70% of the herd population, and many of them were forced to migrate.
According to the UN, in Syria, about 25% of the total livestock population died during the drought period. 1,3-1,4 million Syrians can not engage in farming in the usual conditions and are not able to feed their families. But the population suffers terrible deprivations not only because of the long dry weather, but also, first of all, in connection with the military conflict. The UN Assistance Service has sent hundreds of thousands of Syrians humanitarian aid in the form of food, but is unable to help those in need. (By the way, some analysts believe that Israel is holding the Golan Heights, seized from Syria in 1967, because of its own problems with drinking water, creating similar problems in the neighboring country.)
Today in Syria there are 6,5 million internally displaced persons. Such mass migration contributed to the impoverishment of the population and, as a result, increased instability in the country. In fact, Syria is on the verge of a humanitarian catastrophe.
And world experience also shows that it is very difficult to return people to their regions after the end of armed conflicts. In Iraq, for example, despite a significant decrease in violence, about 2 million people still cannot return to their homes.
At the same time, as reported by Reuters, the next meeting of the “group of friends of Syria” is scheduled for September at 8 in Rome (a vacancy meeting before the meeting of the US Congress on Syria is an amazing coincidence!). Recall, by the way, that this informal association of states is the only legal representative of the Syrian people recognized by the opposition Syrian National Council. The previous president of France, Sarkozy, worked well at the time of creating this union. 24 was held on February 2012 in February. The Syrian group of friends includes the League of Arab States and three members of the UN Security Council - the United Kingdom, the United States and France , a number of other states.
At the end of June this year. The "friends" have already agreed to provide all necessary military support to the Syrian "opposition" (al-Qaeda?). According to the Prime Minister of Qatar, Hamad bin Jassem Al Thani, the heads of the foreign affairs agencies of the United States, Turkey, Britain, Italy, France, Germany, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Jordan and Egypt have made specific decisions, which, however, are kept secret. However, the experts regarded his statement just as a concrete step towards arming the rebels. At the same time, the Prime Minister of Qatar voiced the idea, which is being declared today by US President B. Obama, the same Republican Senator McCain and other supporters (adherents) solely of force to resolve the Syrian crisis.
“The use of force is necessary to restore justice. Arms shipments and their use may be the only way to achieve peace, especially in the case of Syria, ”said Al-Thani.
Saudi Arabia is in the same positions as Qatar. At a recent meeting of the Arab League (LAS) in Cairo, Saudi foreign minister Saud al-Faisal called the "rebels" "legitimate representatives of the Syrian people" and called on Arab states to support the Syrian opposition’s calls for military intervention in Syria. He stated that the international community must intervene to end the "massacre." And when today certain political scientists say that the US Congress will certainly support Barack Obama’s decision to attack Syria, their confidence has a solid basis, which can not be explained by the struggle for world peace. Saudi Arabia and Qatar are investing so serious money in the US military-industrial complex that they can lobby for a solution that is advantageous for them: to begin an intervention. The war, as we know, requires an additional amount of armaments and ammunition, sheikhs, therefore, can count on substantial profits. (The cost of only one tomahawk cruise missile in 2011 was about 1,5 million dollars) This would be money and for restoring hungry Syria, fighting drought!
It should be noted that Syria is indeed one of the six countries that have not signed the Convention on the Prohibition of the Production and Use of Chemical Weapons. In addition to Syria, Angola, North Korea, South Sudan, Egypt and Somalia are on the list of refusals to ratify the Convention. At the same time, 13 countries of the world declared the presence of chemical weapons production plants, including those in the region of interest, Iran, Iraq, Libya. And only three states, from 188, which have ratified the Convention, have already destroyed their chemical stocks, including Albania and India, the third country for some reason is not called anywhere. Russia and the United States are completing the disposal of toxic substances.
In Syria, the presence of factories for the production of chemical weapons has not been established. However, at the congressional hearing, General Martin Dempsey, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said that Russia could increase Syria’s military assistance in the event of a US strike. "We have certain evidence that they (the Russian authorities) promised the Assad regime to replace in Syria what we destroy," the general said.
The Syrian government could also resolve the issue by military means — it was enough to arm its supporters. But it is precisely such a decision that is unacceptable for the country's leadership, since it would lead to a “Lebanonization” of the conflict, which, in fact, the rebels are trying to achieve. The ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary of Syria in Moscow, Dr. Riyad Haddad, stressed: “As for the“ Lebanonization ”or the“ Iraqisation ”of the events in Syria, such a danger will exist if we take into account the connection with these events of the external forces conspiring. However, the development of the situation also depends on the will of the Syrian people, who rightly showed a high level of their social consciousness and a desire for national unity, unprecedented cohesion around their leadership. ” The Syrian army, we add, has demonstrated that it will be able to ensure victory with its own forces and means.
But, embarking on the "Arab Spring", the United States and its allies did not specifically target any country. Well "shook" the whole of North Africa and the Middle East. There have been coups in Tunisia, Egypt, in Yemen. The civil wars in Libya and Syria were unleashed (ongoing). Mass protests were held in Algeria, Iraq, Jordan, Morocco, Oman. The people also protested in Kuwait, Lebanon, Mauritania, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Djibouti, Western Sahara. The Yankees need this entire region completely, completely and finally. Syria remains the last bastion on the American path to this goal.
But in an exclusive interview with the French newspaper “Figaro”, Syrian President Bashar Assad warned that any military intervention by the West could lead to a “regional war”. Assad believes that the situation in the country cannot be resolved through negotiations.
“We are fighting terrorists. 80 – 90% of those we fight against belong to al-Qaeda. They are not interested in reform or in politics. The only way to fight them is to destroy them. Only then can we talk about political measures, ”he said. Assad is confident that the West should help the ruling regime, and not threaten the country and the current government. Any attack on a country will cause a backlash.
"The Middle East is a powder keg, to which the fire is approaching today," said Assad. Answering the question about how the Syrian regime will respond in the event of military intervention from outside, he noted that it is necessary to speak not only about the response of Syria, but also about what can happen after the first strike. “No one knows what will happen. All will lose control of the situation when the powder keg explodes. Chaos and extremism will spread, there is a risk of war in the whole region, ”said Assad.
At the end of last year, the British newspaper Independent reported on the "secret meeting in London" of representatives of the military leadership of Great Britain, France, Turkey, Jordan, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and the United States, at which "plans to support the anti-Assad coalition from the air and the sea were discussed." And in Marrakesh, a meeting of "Friends of Syria" was held, dedicated to "reforming the country's political system after the overthrow of President Bashar al-Assad."
At the same time, information appeared in the European media that the military from the NATO countries had long been helping the Syrian rebels.
AFP spoke about the Spanish military, who not only trained the rebels, but also took part in the hostilities. British sources report about the French, who work with the rebels in Lebanon, the British, helping the rebels from the territory of Turkey and Jordan, and the American emissaries preparing the next deliveries of weapons from Libya.
Similar informational miscalculations and forecasts about the “inevitability of military intervention” have happened before. The question is: what is their purpose today? The answer is contained in the text of the so-called. “Doha Protocol”, published on the website of the Algerian newspaper L′Expression. In the capital of Qatar, Doha, the National Syrian Coalition (NSC) was recognized as the legitimate representative of the people of Syria by a number of European countries, Turkey and the Persian Gulf states. (Before the meeting in Marrakesh, the USA also joined this list.) Information that during the Doha meeting, in addition to the establishment of the NSC, a certain “secret protocol” was signed, appeared in the Middle Eastern media before. The Lebanese newspaper Al-Ahbar and the Syrian news agency SANA reported on this with reference to a member of the general secretariat of the Kuwaiti party Al-Umma Faisal Al-Hamad. Two months after the signing, a document fixing the obligations of the leaders of the Syrian opposition to its sponsors became available to the public. The purpose of the attack on Syria is its liquidation as a sovereign state and a significant change in the entire balance of forces in the region.
From the document it appears that the Syrian army should be reduced to 50 thousand people. Under the leadership of the United States, Syria is obliged to dispose of all chemical and biological weapons and all its missiles. The operation must be carried out in Jordanian territory. Syria must break with Hezbollah and the Palestinian resistance movements. The new Syrian regime should be Islamic, but not Salafi. In addition, the “new Syria” should completely abandon claims for the return of the lands occupied by Turkey (Liva Iskenderun district) and transfer to Turkey several border villages in the provinces of Idleb and Aleppo. Closes the question of the Golan Heights: Syria and Israel must sign a peace agreement under the auspices of the United States and Qatar. Another gift from Turkey is the obligation to expel all members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party from Syria and hand over to Ankara those who are persecuted by the Turkish authorities. Syria is also obliged to give permission for laying a water pipeline through its territory connecting Ataturk dam in Turkey and Israel (and this is one of the main points).
Qatar and the United Arab Emirates have been promised contracts to rebuild Syria after the end of the conflict in exchange for privileges in oil and gas production in Syria and on the Mediterranean shelf off its coast. In addition, Syria is ordered to allow Qatar to run a gas pipeline through its territory to Turkey and from there to Europe.
And here are the main points of the “Doha Pact”. They annul all agreements of Syria with Russia and China in the areas of armament and exploration of oil and other natural resources, freezing all relations with Iran, Russia and China.
The "Friends of Syria" thus clearly set out their goals and even distributed dividends - between Turkey, Israel and the monarchies of the Persian Gulf. The scenario of this Syrian “division” fully corresponds to the interests of the United States in the region: the way to Iran, the Caucasus and further to Russia is open.
Syria is an exceptionally strategic bridgehead. More than anything she does not attract any "friends". Located between Turkey, Lebanon, Iraq, Israel and Jordan, Syria has allied relations with the Hezbollah and Hamas movements, for which it has been honored to be classified by Washington as the “axis of evil.” Damascus's good-neighborly ties with Tehran also matter a lot. Not always intelligible, but potentially extremely dangerous for the Washington-Tel Aviv axis, the challenge from the strategic link Tehran-Damascus has always existed. Syria’s position largely determines Lebanon’s policies and influences the balance of power in Iraq after the overthrow of Saddam Hussein. Attempts by Israel and the United States to isolate Damascus by diplomatic methods did not produce results. The Syrians established and consolidated foreign relations with Russia, China, and the states of South America.
Wars always have reasons. In the case of Syria, the reasons are exclusively geopolitical. After all, among other things, in the Syrian Tartus there is a logistics point for the Russian Navy - the only Russian base in the far abroad where Russian military ships can be based fleet in the Mediterranean Sea. If Bashar al-Assad leaves, Russia will be forced out of the Mediterranean Sea and locked up in the Black Sea basin, where it will have to deal with Romania, Bulgaria and Georgia - American “clients” with anti-Russian foreign policy.
Washington’s next step is likely to be an attempt to bring about such changes in Ukraine’s foreign policy, which will allow, in particular, to drive the Black Sea Fleet of Russia from the Crimea and plug it in Novorossiysk. After that, Russia can be deleted from the list of maritime powers retaining influence in the Western Hemisphere.
“In geostrategic terms: we may lose our presence in the Mediterranean. Then the logic may be the following: the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles will shut up for our Black Sea fleet, and we are deprived of access to the World Ocean here, and find ourselves in the Black Sea basin. Further, after Syria, there will be Iran. After the destruction of Syria, Turkey unambiguously turns towards the North Caucasus and the Black Sea basin, and begins a political and economic offensive in this direction ..., said Colonel-General Leonid Ivashov, president of the Academy of Geopolitical Problems, in an interview with the Evening Moscow newspaper. - In all this action, the main goal of the West is not Syria. Syria is just an obstacle that needs to be addressed. And the goals are Russia and China. ”