Military Review

BB-35 Texas

27





Not far from Houston is the monument to San Jacinto, and next to it in the special backwater of the navigable canal of Houston stands on the joke one of the oldest US Navy ships - the battleship BB-35 "Texas".
Today, the battleship is more than 100 years old, the ship’s keel was laid in 29 November 1909 of the year, and in the spring of 1914 of the year, more precisely, 12 of March, the ship was accepted into the Navy.

1. The battleships numbered 34 and 35 were designed in the 1909-1910 heavy period for the USA. The reason for this is simple - at that time there was a race of "guns of huge caliber" between Germany and Great Britain, while the USA had to look at this race from the side and build its fleet that could successfully fight a potential adversary.



2. The design of the ship 35 was a consistent development of predecessors, namely the ships 32, 33 and 34, "Wyoming", "Arkansas" and "New York", respectively. All of these ships were of the same type, differing only in small details.



3. The construction act was officially signed by the President of 24 on June 1910 of the year, specifying the specification of the vessels and the maximum cost - $ 6 million.



4. Vessel displacement was 27,000 tons, total length 170-180 meters, draft astern - 7,5-8 meters, caliber of main implements - 350 mm, maximum speed - 20-21 knots, coal stock - 2 600 tons.
Ship store.



5. The shipbuilding contract was won by Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry-dock Company, which had shipbuilding docks near New York and had previous experience in building ships of this class, namely, BB-28 and BB-38.



6. With the launch of the battleship Texas and New York, under the numbers 35 and 34, they became the most powerful ships in the world and were like that until 1915, when Great Britain built the Queen Elizabeth, whose main caliber was 380 mm.



7. A few words about the design of the vessel. The hull of the ship was made of heavy-duty steel, the sheets of steel were joined with rivets. Bolts began to be used only from the 30's. In total, the ship had three decks with hermetic doors along the walls of the compartments.



8. Torpedo defense in the form of multilayer walls was inadequate, and as experience and experiments showed, the ship would not have survived torpedoing, but fortunately, not a single torpedo was launched into it.



9. Another big miscalculation of the designers was the cable tubes that ran along the entire length of the ship's hull and through the hermetic walls of the compartments, i.e. in case of flooding of one compartment with damage to these pipes, the water would start to flow into the other compartments.



10. What is a completely logical decision today was new at the time. Industry learned to build ships, given the experience and mistakes of previous projects.



11. The battleship served for more than 30 years at the post of military campaigns.



12. He received his first baptism of fire in 1914, immediately after launching, the battleship was sent to the port of Vera Cruz in Mexico, to cover the landing of the marines and protect the port during political unrest in Mexico.



13. During World War I, the main mission of the battleship was to cover the convoys of merchant ships leaving the United States for Great Britain.



14. An interesting fact about the ship: "Texas" was the first battleship in the US Navy, which produced the successful launch of the aircraft from the deck.



15. In 1925, the ship was sent to New York's dry dock for major repairs and upgrades.



16. During the renovation, the central mast was replaced and the latest aiming systems for the main guns were installed.



17. The Second World War for the battleship was successful, he managed to go through many battles and set the heat to both the Germans and the samurai.



18. The war for the battleship began in the 1941 year, when he, patrolling and conducting reconnaissance off the coast of Ireland, came across a German submarine "U-203". More precisely on the contrary - in the dark the submarine stumbled upon the "Texas".



19. The captain of the submarine began to pursue the battleship, in turn, the captain of the battleship understood that there was no torpedo defense on the ship and the ship would sink if it hit, so he gave the order to shoot back and retreat in zigzags.



20. The German captain did not calculate the class of the battleship, which turned out to be too fast for a submarine, and after some time completely lost the battleship from view. For captain Yu-bot, this was of course very bad, because the ship was alone, and this is an ideal target for a submarine.



21. The battleship also took part in the landing of troops in Normandy, many naval battles in the Atlantic and off the coast of Africa, after which
was sent to the Pacific Ocean, where in 1945 took part in several battles in the Japanese.



22. In total, 4 305 main caliber rounds, 3 885 second caliber shells (127 mm) and 615 third caliber shells (76 mm) were fired from the vessel during World War II.



23. In 1948, the ship was decommissioned, part of the equipment was dismantled, after which the battleship arrived in Houston, where it was set up as a museum and stood on this joke for 40 years, until 1988.
Dining officers.



24. In 1988, it was decided that the ship should remain a museum, since is one of the oldest ships, and needs to be renovated. The problem was that in 40 years the ship was stranded due to alluvial of sand under the ship, and no one could say whether the ship could sail to the dock, because in 1986, the body of the battleship leaked in three places, which was eliminated later.
Officer's dishes of the time.



25. Starting from 1986, students raised money for restoration (they collected almost $ 1 million in a year). Thanks to the help of the Senate, who singled out $ 1987 million for repairs in 5, the ship was decided to be lifted off and sent to the dock.
Place radio operator Kat.



26. At 5 in the morning, 13 in December 1988, the mooring lines were given away and five tugboats tried to move the huge battleship from the ground. After 8 hours of operation, the ship was shifted from the ground, found itself in open water and ... swam!
Encryption room.



27. Within two years, the entire ship was thoroughly inspected, all sheets of steel whose thickness was less than 3 / 8 in. Were replaced. On the body of the battleship, 106 tons of steel were replaced and 35 000 liters of paint were used.
Inner dining room, all the dining rooms on the ship were two, on the upper and first deck.



28. After a major overhaul, the ship was installed at a special dock in the Houston shipping canal, where it remains to this day.



29. Today, the battleship is undergoing major redecoration of both the upper deck and the interior, as The ship is on the new joke for more than 20 years.



30. The ship is open to visitors to the museum completely, you can visit the machine-boiler room, and in the wheelhouse. This is very atypical, because on many other museum ships, access inside the ship is usually limited.



31. There are two more ships in the Navy that have the name "Texas" - this is the cruiser CGN-39 (built in 1975 year), and the submarine SSN-775 (built in 2005 year).
Cabin sailors.



32. Hospital ward.

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27 comments
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  1. Blad_21617
    Blad_21617 10 September 2013 09: 17 New
    17
    the Yankees know how to keep their story. and on our only ship the participant of the Tsushima battle, drunken creatures with their own ... orgies are arranging for men, and the Moscow Region, no matter how it was, was disowned from the ship like a plague!
  2. il grand casino
    il grand casino 10 September 2013 09: 52 New
    +5
    Yeah. The ship museum is perhaps the best museum of the Navy. Thank you for the article and photos.
    1. Uazovod
      Uazovod 10 September 2013 10: 41 New
      13
      Well, don’t call the ship a ship — then the weapons will be removed and it will be a vessel-vessel. This is how I, the former sailor of the BS-2, really liked the impressive artillery armament of the cruiser. No matter how we feel about America, we must give them their symbols of their history; they know how to preserve, well, at least for the patriotic education of the younger generations. Do we really remember ships like Chesma, Askold, Glory, Novik? And what was in the Moonsund Strait during the First World War? Our "Aurora" must be cleaned to a shine and made not only a symbol of St. Petersburg, but also of Russia. Against the background of events in Syria, it would be nice to TARKR Peter the Great and RKR Marshal Ustinov, standing at the same pier in Severomorsk, to take a walk along the Mediterranean Sea ?!
  3. fzr1000
    fzr1000 10 September 2013 10: 09 New
    0
    Thanks for the material, interesting.
  4. Cristall
    Cristall 10 September 2013 11: 59 New
    +8
    well done they keep their ships, I note that he did not perform any special feats, but he was honored to be a museum!
    Aurora if she had not participated in the revolution with her volley, she could not have survived.
    Marat, Sevastopol, the October Revolution - could save ...
    but we have a tradition ... bad ... save almost nothing.
    it's a pity...
    Japan keeps Mikasu (the flagship of the winner’s squadron); the United States, in addition to all floating museums, keeps Missouri (the act of surrender and the end of WW2 is roughly the Victory ship)
    do we have something like that?
    1. moremansf
      moremansf 10 September 2013 15: 20 New
      0
      Artillery cruiser "Mikhail Kutuzov" project 68 bis, in the city of Novorossiysk
    2. Pamir210
      Pamir210 10 September 2013 19: 35 New
      0
      What kind of exploits do you want?
  5. repytw
    repytw 10 September 2013 12: 43 New
    +1
    We may even need to restore something. It is necessary that each fleet has its own historic ship, so that there is continuity, education of youth. What kind of ships can these be, the sailors would say better, before the Pacific I would restore the "Varyag", let it be a remake, but there will be pride in everyone's ancestors, and of course tourism.
  6. Crang
    Crang 10 September 2013 13: 36 New
    0
    The Chinas re-built their Chin-yen.
  7. mirror
    mirror 10 September 2013 15: 14 New
    +1
    The battleship is a ship, not a ship, on the ship the commander, not the captain, the sailors do not have a cabin, but a cockpit. And a lot of mistakes, which is sad, because the material itself is very interesting.
    1. ICT
      ICT 10 September 2013 19: 48 New
      0
      Quote: Spiegel
      the sailors do not have a cabin, but a kubrick

      not stools, but jars. not a corridor in the barracks, but a take-off (oh, I’m talking about mine, the deck of course)

      but it’s interesting how the bourgeoisie have such names. Maybe someone knows?
  8. moremansf
    moremansf 10 September 2013 15: 36 New
    +1
    It’s unfortunate that a lot of the legendary ships went to “needles” ... The Chinese from our “Kiev” made a museum of the USSR Navy, combining this with the attractions ... thrown on stones sold for scrap of the Murmansk KRL for a long time used as a tourist attraction, they took excursions, the Belfast cruiser was standing on the Thames in London ... but somehow it didn’t take root ... in Moscow they tried to make the 1135 TFR a museum, and it rotted almost at the pier, there were no sponsors ... tea is not Faberge eggs ... In Tyumen, during the Second World War, torpedo boats D-3 were built, the initiative group and I tried to perpetuate this business, but faced with such a bureaucracy that we simply spat on it, confining ourselves to an exposition in the regional museum of local lore .. . hungry fed does not mean !!!!!!
    1. ICT
      ICT 10 September 2013 21: 37 New
      0
      Quote: moremansf
      ..tried in Moscow SKR of the project 1135 to make a museum,

      I saw him somewhere, right now I’ll lay out a photo
      1. ICT
        ICT 10 September 2013 22: 07 New
        +1
        HOW would this talk be about
        1. Alex 241
          Alex 241 11 September 2013 01: 32 New
          0
          I have seen him for many years. Because you can see not necessarily from the water, but also from the bridge of the Leningrad highway. And he was there, on the outskirts of the cargo port, a long time ago - the Druzhny patrol ship.
          1. Alex 241
            Alex 241 11 September 2013 01: 48 New
            +1
            Submarine B-427 Project 641 FOXTROT next to the Queen Mary liner at the Maritime Museum in Long Beach, USA
          2. ICT
            ICT 11 September 2013 06: 50 New
            0
            Quote: Alex 241
            And he is there, on the outskirts of the cargo port, stands a long time ago

            but along the way they still follow him, he is clearly not ownerless, just not yet
  9. moremansf
    moremansf 10 September 2013 15: 37 New
    0
    TAVKR "KIEV" in China, a museum and entertainment complex ...
    1. Revolver
      Revolver 10 September 2013 18: 53 New
      0
      Quote: moremansf
      TAVKR "KIEV" in China, a museum and entertainment complex ...

      Well, even so. And he could be in service under the Chinese flag, like a "Varangian".
  10. Pashhenko Nikolay
    Pashhenko Nikolay 10 September 2013 18: 45 New
    0
    Such an interesting article and some kind of gay minus slapped.
    1. Revolver
      Revolver 10 September 2013 18: 57 New
      +1
      Quote: Pashhenko Nikolay
      Such an interesting article and some kind of gay minus slapped.
      Call a spade a spade. “Gay” is from the liberal press. And ousted fag.
      1. Pashhenko Nikolay
        Pashhenko Nikolay 10 September 2013 19: 19 New
        0
        Well, I tried to be polite.
  11. Pamir210
    Pamir210 10 September 2013 19: 37 New
    0
    yet Arkansas and Wyoming are ships of a different type and are very different from Texas
  12. Pamir210
    Pamir210 10 September 2013 19: 38 New
    0
    Yet Arkansas and Wyoming are ships of a different type and are very different from Texas with a fellow.
  13. mithridate
    mithridate 10 September 2013 19: 39 New
    0
    yes, it’s regrettable the attitude of our servilely ingratiating fellow liberals towards the history and the history of technology, in particular
  14. Boomer
    Boomer 10 September 2013 20: 04 New
    0
    sorry we do not have such a museum
  15. cooper
    cooper 10 September 2013 20: 14 New
    0
    Good story, interesting article.
  16. Serg 122
    Serg 122 11 September 2013 01: 26 New
    0
    Something there Shoigu hinted about the restoration of the Aurora .... But then everything died out, alas soldier
  17. RomanN
    RomanN 12 September 2013 06: 23 New
    0
    In Vladik there is a submarine S-56 and a patrol ship "Red Pennant" in 1909, the former Admiral Zavoyko.
    1. Andrey77
      Andrey77 18 September 2013 18: 33 New
      0
      They stand like a monument. We have in St. Petersburg submarine S-189, almost alive. Afloat. This is a museum.
  18. Andrey77
    Andrey77 18 September 2013 18: 29 New
    0
    And what prevents us from delivering an “obsolete” BOD? With full access. There is nothing secret there, but there are a lot of people who want to take a walk (and pay).
  19. i.xxx-1971
    i.xxx-1971 4 November 2013 22: 01 New
    0
    Some shabby