Military Review

Industry is being pushed off Roscosmos

21
Today, the government should consider a project to reform the Russian rocket and space industry. The main part of the enterprises of the Federal Space Agency (Roskosmos) has been proposed to be transferred to the specially created Joint Rocket and Space Corporation (ORKK). Thus, the agency will leave mainly the functions of the state customer and coordinator of the space policy of the Russian Federation. Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin told Kommersant that by the end of September a draft presidential decree is planned to be sent to the Kremlin. Confidence that this reform option will suit President Vladimir Putin, no, say sources of "Kommersant".


Space will be divided in two

From the reform project available to Kommersant, it follows that Roskosmos is planned to be divided into two parts. The agency, as such, will continue to fulfill the functions of the state customer and form state policy in the space sphere. The majority of enterprises in the industry will be merged into ORKK, which in this way will take over the functions of a general contractor and focus on the fulfillment of the state order.

It is proposed to create ORKK on the basis of the Scientific Research Institute of Space Instrument Engineering. In total, the corporation plans to include eight holdings created on the basis of the largest enterprises of the industry (see figure). For example, JSC Information Satellite Systems (ISS) will be responsible for the development and manufacture of communications and navigation spacecraft, receiving nine specialized companies in control. Scientific Production Corporation (NPK) "Space Monitoring Systems, Information Control Systems and Electromechanical Complexes" will concentrate on the development and manufacture of meteorological instruments and electromechanics (for this, five more companies will give it). Russian Space Systems OJSC and five companies under its control will be responsible for the development and manufacture of the ground-based automated control complex. The 106 experimental optical-mechanical plant of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation and the Scientific Engineering Center of the Electrotechnical University (Ministry of Education and Science) will be transferred to the NPK Systems of Precision Instrument Making. Moreover, at the first stage, this corporation will lock itself on ORKK, and in the future it will be included in the structure of the ISS.

Rocket and Space Corporation Energia will transfer to Orkk 38,22% of its shares and will continue to be engaged in the development and manufacture of spacecraft and orbital stations (as well as other-purpose vehicles). Three FGUP - State Space Research and Production Center. Khrunicheva (development and manufacture of launch vehicles, orbital stations), Research and Production Center for Automation and Instrument Engineering (development of onboard controls for rocket and space technology) and the State Research and Production Rocket and Space Center "TsSKB-Progress" (development, manufacture of rockets - carriers and devices) - in order to also be included in the SQCC as subholdings, they will be corporatized. In this case, the GKNPTs them. Khrunicheva will be moved away by the two largest "firms" for the production of rocket engines - the Permian Proton-PM and the Voronezh Chemical Automation Design Bureau, and the TsSKB-Progress Scientific Research Institute of Command Devices and NPO Automation to the TsSKB-Progress.

It follows from the project that even 15 enterprises — eight joint-stock companies and seven federal state unitary enterprises — will initially be confined to the SCC directly. These FSUEs will also be corporateized, after which some of them will be transferred to holding companies. For example, the Fakel Design Bureau, which designs electric rocket engines and low-thrust engines, is planned to be transferred to the same ASC.

It should be noted that the entire military component of the industry (the customer for which was not Roskosmos, but the Ministry of Defense) would not be transferred to the SACC, but would remain under the authority of the agency. These are the corporation Kometa (development of instruments and units for special-purpose space systems), SPU-TsKB TM corporation (command posts and systems for missile prelaunch), as well as the Moscow Institute of Thermal Engineering Corporation and Makeev State Rocket Center developers of ground-based and sea-based ballistic missiles).

It is planned to leave 12 organizations as part of Roscosmos, nine of which are in the rank of state institutions. These are the Central Scientific Research Institute of Mechanical Engineering, the Scientific Research Institute of the Cosmonaut Training Center named after Gagarin and the Federal State Unitary Enterprise Zvezdny Center (responsible for operating funds for Roskosmos performance), and the Agat organization (economic research in the interests of Roscosmos) The Center for the operation of ground and space infrastructure (ensures the operation of space centers), the directorate of the Vostochny cosmodrome (construction management), the Okhrana Scientific and Technical Center and the Tekhnomash Scientific Research and Production Association (the head of technological policy). JSC Glavkosmos, which coordinates work in the interests of civilian space, will join them. Two more institutions - the Keldysh Center (rocket engine building) and the Research Center of the rocket and space industry (experimental base) - will be included in Roscosmos after the incorporation, the document says.

Yesterday, Dmitry Rogozin told Kommersant that, as a result of today's discussion in the government, a draft presidential decree “On Open Joint-Stock Company United Rocket and Space Corporation” should be sent to the Kremlin (by the end of September).

State interests

This version of the reform of the industry is very different from that originally proposed by the head of the space department, Vladimir Popovkin. We recall, he spoke in favor of creating a state corporation like Rosatom, which would combine the functions of the customer and the contractor. Dmitry Rogozin and the involved experts of the "Open Government" led by Mikhail Abyzov reacted critically to this idea (see the reference). The fate of the state corporation was decided at a closed meeting that took place on 11 in June of this year in the Kremlin with the participation of President Vladimir Putin and Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev.

As it became known to Kommersant from sources in the presidential administration, a few days before, Mr Putin, having familiarized himself with the option of transforming the space agency into a state corporation, put a resolution on the draft, according to which the head of the Kremlin administration, Sergey Ivanov, was entrusted to control the process of preparing documents "On the creation of the state corporation" Roscosmos "". However, according to a Kommersant source in the Kremlin, Dmitry Medvedev intervened in the process, convincing the president of the need to hold a meeting involving all interested departments. “Vladimir Vladimirovich, after a personal conversation with the prime minister, agreed,” he added.

According to Kommersant, 11 June in the Kremlin together with the President and the Prime Minister gathered, in particular, Industry and Trade Minister Denis Manturov, Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu, Vladimir Popovkin, Dmitry Rogozin, and then Economic Development Minister Andrei Belousov. After discussing the project, Mr. Putin, according to the Kommersant interlocutor, asked those present to speak in favor of or against the creation of a state corporation. “At the beginning of the meeting, Belousov resisted, but at the end he also changed his point of view,” Kommersant source says. “Shoigu, Manturov, Popovkin - almost all those present voted for the creation of a state corporation.” According to him, the only one present who sharply criticized the idea was Dmitry Medvedev.

The outcome of the meeting, contrary to the expectations of most of its participants, was not the creation of a state corporation, but the emergence of a commission to structure the rocket and space industry system chaired by Dmitry Rogozin, whose composition was approved by Vladimir Putin on June 26. And on July 2, the launch of the Proton-M launch vehicle with three GLONASS-M vehicles ended in failure. On the same day, the Deputy Prime Minister announced the beginning of the reform of the industry, the draft of which will be reviewed today.

However, according to the Kommersant interlocutors in the Kremlin, there is no certainty that the project will satisfy Vladimir Putin. “It has repeatedly happened that the president not only sent some documents for revision, but also forced him to redo it again, in a fundamentally different way,” said one of the Kremlin officials. Therefore, any scenario cannot be ruled out until the issue of creating the Roscosmos state corporation is reconsidered, he concluded.

Why Dmitry Medvedev reprimanded the head of Roscosmos

“Announce the head of the Federal Space Agency Vladimir Alexandrovich Popovkin reprimand for the improper performance of his official duties,” the text of the decree signed in August by the Prime Minister reads. It is noteworthy that Vladimir Popovkin became the third representative of Roskosmos subjected to this disciplinary action. Earlier, the former head of department, Anatoly Perminov, and the deputy head, Anatoly Shilov, had to answer for the breakdown of space launches. The current reprimand was also preceded by a major cosmic mishap - July 2 2013, as a result of the Proton-M launch vehicle crash, three GLONASS-M satellites were lost.

Industry is being pushed off Roscosmos
Originator:
http://www.kommersant.ru/
21 comment
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. experienced
    experienced 4 September 2013 10: 49 New
    13
    It is necessary to "undock" Popovkin and other effective managers from Roskosmos and "land" them on bunks, and to "dock" the state acceptance and strengthen 1 department with good personnel from the FSB. hi
    Everything else is "personnel games" which resemble the well-known fable, which said "And you friends, how do not sit down ...".
    1. Recon
      Recon 4 September 2013 10: 54 New
      0
      and common sense they dock there a little
      1. experienced
        experienced 4 September 2013 10: 59 New
        0
        Quote: Recon
        and common sense they dock there a little

        As it turned out as a result of a practical experiment, Popovkin’s head fits well with a bottle of champagne. The results of the experiment were widely reported to the media, after the experiment, it makes no sense to search for common sense in the head, there remained instincts and reflexes: grasping, chewing ... wassat
    2. Airman
      Airman 4 September 2013 10: 57 New
      +4
      Quote: seasoned
      From Roskosmos it is necessary to "undock" Popovkin and other effective managers, and to "dock" the state acceptance and reinforce the 1st department with good personnel from the FSB. hi

      Everything, the astronaut star, has seven children with an eyeless nanny (and here, 15 remains without eyes and hands). So it’s easier to cut billions of people, it seems like I don’t have much, everyone will now steal millions.
      1. Papakiko
        Papakiko 4 September 2013 11: 07 New
        +2
        Quote: Povshnik
        Everything, the astronaut star, has seven children with an eyeless nanny (and here, 15 remains without eyes and hands).

        Create jobs for effective managers.
        After the restructuring, we will fly 2.5 times less often and the accident rate will "drop to 0", just like in USC.
        All a bit complete! crying
      2. Arti
        Arti 4 September 2013 15: 21 New
        0
        Well, why, even though the logic in your words is, but still it’s easier to cut where large amounts are.

        And the division of responsibility into smaller sections will allow higher customers to change contractors in the event of a drop in the quality of work done.

        Well, it is possible that with this approach competition will increase.

        Although all this is in theory - which simply afigets from the realities of Russian business.
    3. itr
      itr 4 September 2013 11: 08 New
      +1
      You are sorry (Experienced) and where did you see good shots (in the space industry) among the cops ????
      only techies can solve these issues without economists
      Since this industry should work at 80% for the future and not for profit!
      about Popovkin I support completely and completely
      And the topic is good, only they’ll make it through the backside.
  2. Max otto
    Max otto 4 September 2013 10: 52 New
    +1
    I like their style of work: Energy will transfer so many shares to someone, that one will be corporatized, this one will be transformed from a closed joint-stock company to an open joint stock company. And all the miraculous way, therefore, immediately work like a note. Magic!
  3. rugor
    rugor 4 September 2013 10: 53 New
    +2
    The fish rots from the head!
    Crushing will not help here. I think so.
    1. shpuntik
      shpuntik 4 September 2013 13: 00 New
      +1
      Ensign
      rugor SU Today, 10:53 AM
      The fish rots from the head!
      Crushing will not help here. I think so.

      Normally rotting: 90 lard a year from the country. Officially. Every little bank is for that. In St. Petersburg - on one middle street, you can count a dozen and a half, and all are different. fellow
  4. avt
    avt 4 September 2013 10: 53 New
    +3
    The next “Ural and Bel potassium”, well, only with a reprimand instead of arresting Popovkin and searching for Ragozin by Interpol, are ruining the budget drain. But you can understand - the volume and scale are not comparable to the “Orsis” rifle.
    1. shpuntik
      shpuntik 4 September 2013 12: 57 New
      +2
      avt (2) SU Today, 10: 53
      Another "Ural and Bel potassium", well, only with a reprimand, instead of arresting Popovkin and searching for Ragozin by Interpol, they are shitting the budget drain ...

      +. They don’t just fuck, they want to buy a cheaper one. Then there will be privatization of this OJSC. My opinion.
      1. avt
        avt 4 September 2013 14: 12 New
        +1
        Quote: shpuntik
        want to buy a cheaper one. Then there will be privatization of this OJSC. My opinion.

        request Why buy that? The scheme has been worked out from the time of Chubais to the smallest detail - how Kerimov, when "buying" Uralkali, will take a loan from Sberbank and pay for the "privatization"
        1. shpuntik
          shpuntik 4 September 2013 15: 53 New
          +1
          Marshal
          avt (2) SU Today, 14: 12 ↑
          request Why buy that? The scheme has been worked out from the time of Chubais to the smallest detail - how Kerimov, when buying "Uralkali", will take a loan from Sberbank and pay for the "privatization"

          I have no words. Thoughts alone. what
  5. slavik_gross
    slavik_gross 4 September 2013 10: 59 New
    0
    Just think your head before waving a saber ...
  6. andrei332809
    andrei332809 4 September 2013 11: 04 New
    +2
    Tryndets (obscenities can not be on the site)! a double, if not a triple, increase in the number of management personnel (bureaucrats), transfer to the personal discretion of these bureaucrats, which is currently beneficial, and personally, to him, competent techoluhs by .... stirrer (for some reason, the literate defend their point of view contrary to the line of the party of managers), in engineers, relatives with decent salaries and monthly bonuses, regardless of the work performed, again, the Engineers (with a capital letter) not only have to ensure deadlines and quality, they have all the bumps for the slightest failure ( there are defective complex uyuschie came, and you collect candy (supplier-drugan any member). Well, hard workers ... do not even want to say, such an approach in a normal person has a rejection ...
  7. Nikitin
    Nikitin 4 September 2013 11: 09 New
    +1
    "And you friends, no matter how you sit down, you are not suitable for musicians."
    Reform for the sake of reform, reassignment of financial flows and shuffling of top management - a simulation of the activities of the Government and stories for the electorate. Combining cooperation around a specific project and personal responsibility for its result - and then people will believe.
  8. military
    military 4 September 2013 11: 31 New
    +2
    liquidation of "space" FSUEs as a class ... creation of a public corporation with the state as a "majority" shareholder ... what's the catch? ... what
    "- Do you see a gopher?
    - No.
    - And I don't see ... But he is! " wink
  9. shpuntik
    shpuntik 4 September 2013 12: 50 New
    +3
    The main part of the enterprises of the Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) was proposed to be transferred to the specially created OJSC United Rocket and Space Corporation (URSC).

    Oho-ho-ho lads !!! It seemed to me that I understood the scheme. They do this: first, under the guise of improvement, reforms, they unite enterprises into OJSC "By Profile", those that private traders give loans from VEB, Sberbank (for example: "Severnaya Verf", "Baltiyskiy Zavod"). And then, they begin to privatize at a reasonable price. They will get their hands on wherever possible: where 25%, where more. It turns out like this: they order for themselves (from budget money), they produce products themselves, but already as owners. Normal business.
    1. military
      military 4 September 2013 14: 10 New
      +1
      Quote: shpuntik
      Oh, ho ho ho lads !!! It seemed to me, I understood the scheme.

      terry capitalism as a "special path" of Russia's development ... the plan of the Wisest - in action ... bully
      1. shpuntik
        shpuntik 4 September 2013 15: 38 New
        0
        military (1) RU Today, 14:10 ↑ New
        The Wisest plan - in action ..

        laughing I know the "planner", but who is the Wisest?
        1. military
          military 4 September 2013 15: 51 New
          0
          Quote: shpuntik
          I know the "planner", but who is the Wisest?

          all the same ... Many-sided and Multifaceted ... like a ball ... a kind of "regular polyhedron" with an infinitely large number of faces ... infinitely small faces, but these are nuances ... repeat
          1. shpuntik
            shpuntik 4 September 2013 16: 07 New
            0
            military (1) RU Today, 15:51 ↑ New
            all the same ... Many-sided and Multifaceted ... like a ball ... a kind of "regular polyhedron" with an infinitely large number of faces ... infinitely small faces, but these are nuances ... feel

            laughing I understood everything, the number of PIs. 3,141516
  10. aviator65
    aviator65 4 September 2013 13: 22 New
    0
    First the UAC, now there will be URCK. In short, you give monopoly in all areas! Previously, several single-profile design bureaus were developing on a competitive basis. The best option was accepted into the series. The rest of the participants in the competition continued to work for the future, creating a reserve for themselves for new government orders. In short, there was healthy competition within the industry. What now? In aviation, Poghosyan rules, who undertakes to create everything that flies (excluding helicopters for now). Now the rocket industry will have its own Poghosyan with his "superjet".
    You can go the same way in the civilian sphere. For example, to create a joint corporation for the production of cars on the basis of the same VAZ, or trucks - on the basis of KAMAZ. Then we will live!
  11. Strashila
    Strashila 4 September 2013 14: 30 New
    0
    PrilEstno ... a structure is being created that does not answer for anything, sits on the financial flow ... just sawing money. It’s strange ... or it seemed but didn’t see two offices on the lists ... of the Krasnoyarsk Machine-Building Plant and NPO PM named after Reshetnev.
  12. Rash
    Rash 5 September 2013 08: 09 New
    -1
    Quote: Strashila
    In aviation, Poghosyan rules, which takes to create everything that flies

    He really does and flies.