“The final decision was made to create a complex at Zenit. This means that the project will be implemented over the next few years, it is faster than on the basis of the Russian Angara rocket, ”said advisor to the chairman of the Ukrainian space agency Edward Kuznetsov.
The Kazakh-Russian project “Baiterek” in question has been implemented since the middle of the last decade. It provides for the creation of a new-generation rocket complex based on the infrastructure of the Kazakh Baikonur cosmodrome. Initially it was assumed that it would be sold under the Russian Angara missile. The first launch from the new site was scheduled for 2012 year, but did not take place.
There are several reasons why Kazakhstan preferred Ukrainian missiles. Firstly, this should reduce the cost of the Baytarek project, the cost of which has already reached $ 2 billion. Secondly, Kazakhstan allegedly decided to speed up negotiations on the use of Zenith after the crash of the Russian Proton-M rocket at the Baikonur cosmodrome, which happened 2 July 2013 of the year.
At the same time, another possible version is being promoted in Ukraine. According to the deputy of the Verkhovna Rada, Anatoly Kinakh, the refusal of the Angara may indicate Russia's unwillingness to share it with Kazakhstan, since it can be launched independently at the Vostochny cosmodrome in the Far East under construction.