Military Review

From MAX-2011 to MAX-2013

26
From MAX-2011 to MAX-2013In the past two years after MAKS-2011, the domestic aviation industry finally reoriented from the production of mainly export products to mass production of military, training and military transport aircraft in the interests of the Russian air force by modern standards. At the same time, the situation in the commercial aviation segment remains more than complicated. Against the background of the difficult and problematic development of the SSJ-100 project, the domestic market of Russia in the segments of medium- and long-haul aircraft was finally captured by foreign manufacturers.


Military aircraft - explosive growth in domestic orders

Large-scale purchases of new equipment for the Russian Air Force began immediately after the August war with Georgia: already in December 2008, an unprecedented order for 32 front-line bomber Su-34 was placed at that time. During the MAKS-2009 air show, a new major contract was signed for the acquisition of 64 fighters in total, including the 48 of the promising multi-purpose Su-35С, 12 Su-27СМ3 and 4 Su-30М2. In addition, the Russian Air Force bought 34 fighter MiG-29CMT / UBT, from which Algeria refused.

However, the real revolution took place in 2012, when one after another several large contracts for combat, training and military transport aircraft were signed. In total, the Russian Air Force purchased another 92 Su-34 front-line bomber, two batches of X-NUMX units of Su-30CM multipurpose fighter planes, which are a Russified version of the Su-30MKI-30 Su-16МXNNXX and X-NNXX-30 and 2 Su-39MXNNXX and X-NNXX-76-90I-24KI-29S-231MX-NNXX and 192 X-NUMXKI-39S-2011MXI-55S-10 In addition, the Navy signed a contract with RSK MiG for the purchase of 130 deck fighters MiG-XNUMXK. During one year alone, the United Aviation Corporation received orders for an XNUMX aircraft, including XNUMX combat and XNUMX military vehicles. Earlier, in December XNUMX, XNUMX training Yak-XNUMX were also ordered.

Thus, if before MAKS-2009, an internal order made 32 machines, and between MAKS-2009 and MAKS-2011 - 98 aircraft, then since the last salon the Russian Air Force and Navy purchased 286 aircraft, including 192 combat, 55 training aircraft and 39 military transport. In the near future, perhaps already at the MAKS-2013 air show, an important contract for the purchase of 24 MiG-35C fighters will be signed. If this happens, the program, frozen after the Russian car dropped out of the MMRCA Indian tender, will receive a new impetus for development.

Export: value drops, but orders remain high

The contracting of military aircraft of new production for export in the 2011 – 2013 years, by contrast, has decreased compared to the previous biennium. In 2009-2010 respectively were obtained supply contracts 42 fighter Su-30 (20 Su-30MK2 Vietnam, 16 Su-30 MKI (A) Algeria, 6 Su-30MK2 Uganda) and 44 fighters MiG-29 ( 24 MiG-29K to India and 20 MiG-29 various modifications to Myanmar). That is, it was all contracted 86 combat aircraft. In the period of 2011 – 2012, contracts were signed for the supply of 6 Su-30MK2 to Indonesia and 42 technological sets of large-assembly Su-30MKI assembly to India, that is, total 48 combat aircraft. Statistics on the contracting Yak-130 blurred due to regime change in Libya and because of the Salafi foreign military intervention, supported by the United States and European neo-colonialists in Syria. The Libyan Jamahiriya ordered 2010 Yak-6 in 130, but after the new regime was established in the country, the contract, of course, remained unfulfilled. Syria entered into a contract at the very end of 2011 for the purchase of 36 of such planes and translated the advances provided for in the agreement in a disciplined manner. However, the status of this contract remains unknown, since Russia can freeze the fulfillment of its obligations until the end of the so-called “civil war” in this country.

In general, Russian export commitments as of mid-July included the delivery of 50 military aircraft and 42 technology kits, as well as more 740 aircraft engines worth more than 6 billion dollars. This is almost one and a half times less than the portfolio of orders for air defense weapons and is almost equal to the cost of contracts for helicopter equipment. The reason for the drop in the export of aircraft is obvious: the Indian and Chinese markets are saturated with heavy combat aircraft complexes.

The main hopes for overcoming the downward trend in contracting combat aircraft are associated primarily with the promotion of the newest multi-role fighter Su-35 to the market. As of today, Russia has concluded an intergovernmental agreement with the People's Republic of China on the delivery of such machines to 24 in this country, the signing of the contract is expected at the end of the current - early next year. Based on the precedent of the implementation of the Su-27SK program in 90-s and Su-30MCC / MK2 in the zero years, it is possible to hope that this party will not be the only one in Chinese procurement, and in the most optimistic version, the license for this country will also be sold Su-35 production. The natural markets for this complex are also Vietnam and Indonesia.

Commercial Aviation: Overcoming Turbulence

The Russian domestic market was practically under the complete control of foreign aircraft manufacturers. This was the result of the removal of prohibitive duties on the import of foreign aircraft on the eve of entry into the WTO. The production of IL-96 and TU-204 / 214 is supported solely by ordering in the interests of state needs, that is, for the presidential special squad and the military.

At the same time, the production of the regional SSJ-100 aircraft, despite the 9 disaster of May 2012 of the year, is slowly but growing, having reached 12 units last year. The first export deliveries began - to Mexico and Southeast Asia. This year it is planned to release already before the 20 "Superjet". Nevertheless, the program continues to face technical and organizational difficulties, and most importantly, it remains financially unprofitable. It is obvious that in order to increase the commercial attractiveness of the project, it still needs state or quasi-state support and, most importantly, output to the production of tens (at least 50 units) of machines per year.

It is a breakthrough in the commercial aviation segment that becomes the main task of the aviation industry in Russia. The capacity of this market is ten times higher than the production of military aircraft. Major technological innovations are also generated not in the military, but in the civilian sector of the aviation industry. So in the long term, no domestic purchases of combat aircraft will be able to ensure our country maintains a leading position in this most important sector of the world and national economies.
Author:
Originator:
http://www.odnako.org/
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  1. Sakhalininsk
    Sakhalininsk 28 August 2013 15: 19 New
    +7
    Most importantly, at least in military aviation everything has moved off the ground. New equipment began to enter the army, and design bureaus were developing new machines. This is very important, because only a sky covered with a shield can be peaceful, in other cases, look at the history ... Yugoslavia, Iraq, Libya ..
    1. donavi49
      donavi49 28 August 2013 15: 26 New
      +5
      Well, come that year 35, in this about 60 new aircraft of all types from Yak-130 to Su-30 / 34 / 35 and Tu-214P. And there is also a modernization, for example, AWACS this year should pass 2 updated ones, and not one at a time, as before.
    2. Rus2012
      Rus2012 28 August 2013 18: 04 New
      +2
      Quote: Sakhalininets
      Most importantly, at least in military aviation everything has moved off the ground.

      ... alas, in aviation this way - without a citizen - there is no military.
      This primarily refers to the medium-long-range bomber.
      Thank goodness something went. But this is not enough!
      It was significant that although the superjet was leading the aisle column, the show was arranged by Il and Tu ... M. realized that ours is ours ...
      Well, the fact that there are many young people at the MAX is also a good indicator. So not everything is lost ...
  2. Stiletto
    Stiletto 28 August 2013 15: 21 New
    +4
    Quote: Author Konstantin Makienko ....
    "The main hopes for overcoming the downward trend in the contracting of combat aircraft are associated, first of all, with the promotion of the newest multipurpose fighter Su-35 to the market. To date, Russia has entered into an intergovernmental agreement with China on the supply of 24 such aircraft to this country; the contract is expected to be signed at the end current - early next year. ”Based on the precedent with the implementation of the Su-27SK program in the 90s and the Su-30MKK / MK2 in the 35s, one can hope that this batch will be not the only one in Chinese purchases, but in the most optimistic version in this the country will also be sold a license for the production of the Su-XNUMX ".


    I did not understand in the text of this paragraph. I don’t understand at all. Let’s then immediately sell the homeland. And a license for the right to be called Russia to the Chinese.
    1. donavi49
      donavi49 28 August 2013 15: 27 New
      +3
      The Chinese will almost certainly be sold the Su-35, the only question is how much and with what additional agreements.

      The 22 numbers of Su-35 with Bogdan specially rolled off the flight for the Chinese, and then there was another closed show for the Chinese delegation.
    2. Vadivak
      Vadivak 28 August 2013 15: 29 New
      11
      Quote: Stiletto
      Let’s then immediately sell the homeland. And a license to the right to be called Russia to the Chinese.


      Don't worry the process is already underway

      On October 14, 2008, the ceremony of transferring OUR TERRITORY to China was held. Tarabarova Island and half of the Bolshoi Ussuriysky Island near Khabarovsk, as well as Bolshoi on the Argun River in the Chita Region, go to China in addition to the agreement on the Russian-Chinese state border. The document was signed in Beijing between Russian President Vladimir Putin and the PRC leadership on October 14, 2004.

      In Soviet times, when relations between the PRC and the USSR were strained, the islands of Tarabarova and Bolshoi Ussuriysky were of strategic importance, they covered Khabarovsk in the event of a military attack.

      On October 1, 2008, the National Bolsheviks held a series of protests against the transfer of Russian islands to China. The case against them was initiated under Article 282, Part 1 "Incitement to hatred or enmity"

      Russian politicians and economists called the transfer of the islands historical. "This will affect strategic relations with China in the direction of their improvement, since we have closed a problem that has dragged on for the past 30 years and has even led to local military conflicts twice," he told the newspaper RBK daily. Hitler in 1937?)


      Since the transfer of the islands to the jurisdiction of China, a large city has already been built there and the construction of the largest airport in the region is nearing completion.
      1. nemec55
        nemec55 28 August 2013 17: 27 New
        +5
        Since the time of Stalin, Senki alone has been leading, not the cap of the empire. They will ruin them and the collective farm.
    3. clidon
      clidon 28 August 2013 19: 30 New
      +1
      In our zashashnik T-50 remains, which the Chinese are not offered. But to trade the aging 4th generation - please. The money is big and definitely not superfluous.
      1. bulvas
        bulvas 28 August 2013 21: 27 New
        +2
        We do not have a T-50 yet. Or we don’t know about it
        1. sleepy
          sleepy 29 August 2013 06: 35 New
          0
          Quote: bulvas
          "We don't have a T-50 yet. Or we don't know about it."


          It's okay that we know a little.
          But then the sixth generation fighter will immediately appear.
          You just need to be patient and wait a little longer.

          “Development of the sixth generation fighter has begun in Russia.
          This, according to RIA Novosti, said the former commander in chief
          Russian Air Force General of the Army Pyotr Deinekin ... ".
          http://forums.airbase.ru/2013/08/t88443--shestoe-pokolenie.4426.html
  3. Vtel
    Vtel 28 August 2013 15: 24 New
    +4
    So in the long run, no domestic purchases of military aircraft can ensure our country maintains a leading position in this most important sector of the global and national economy

    This is how to look, in the first place there will be something to defend against the obsessive Western crap democracy, and in the second, they won’t give a quiet life anyway - it seems that global cataclysms, both military and natural, are approaching. The military priority should now be higher, even if someone at the top will have to smear the caviar on the sandwich only from above.
    1. Apollo
      Apollo 28 August 2013 16: 40 New
      +9
      Another good news

      It became known that Russia already has a hypersonic missile

      A hypersonic missile has already been created in Russia, however, its flight does not last longer than several seconds, said Boris Obnosov, general director of the Tactical Missile Weapons Corporation at MAX-2013.
      “We can now fly in hypersound, we still have rockets flying in hypersound at a speed of 4,5 M (Mach), but we need not a short-term, but a stable flight of a rocket in hypersound in the atmosphere. We need to achieve a long-term flight and not in a small hypersound, ”said Obnosov, RIA Novosti reports.
      He explained that hypersound begins with 4,5 M and higher: it is necessary to create a rocket that would fly at speeds of 6 M, 10 M, 14 M. “These stages are completely different from the point of view of scientific thought, but they must be solved,” Obnosov said. .
      Most likely, Obnosov is referring to the X-22 Storm cruise missile (according to NATO classification - AS-4 Kitchen). It is part of the K-22 aviation missile system. It was adopted by the 1971 year. According to the performance characteristics, the rocket can reach speeds in 4,6 M.

      In April, Obnosov announced that by the end of 2013, a program should be prepared to create hypersonic aircraft.

      Recall that in May it became known that the United States conducted successful tests of the X-51A Waverider hypersonic cruise missile. It was reported that the rocket developed speed in Mach 5,1 (6,1 thousand km per hour) and was in the air for 360 seconds, which is an absolute record.

      The missile was launched from the B-52 bomber. Before the team for self-destruction, the device traveled a distance of 426 km.

      In the event of the successful implementation of the project, the United States hopes to get a weapon that can deliver precision strikes anywhere in the world. According to the plan, the X-51A WaveRider should reach a maximum speed of about 6-7 Machs (7,2 - 8,4 thousand km per hour), this will achieve any goal within an hour.
      http://www.vz.ru/news/2013/8/28/647550.html
      1. Apollo
        Apollo 28 August 2013 16: 44 New
        +7
        And one more, infa, but the day is rich in news.

        New Russian air-to-surface missiles will be exported within two years

        Tactical Missile Weapons Corporation (TRV) has announced that it expects to begin exporting two specialized air-to-surface missiles, the X-31ПД and Х-31AD, the head of the corporation, Boris Obnosov, said on Wednesday.
        The X-31AD aviation tactical high-speed anti-ship missile is designed to destroy surface ships and vessels. Compared with its prototype X-31A, the missile has a strengthened warhead, and the launch range has been increased to 150 km. Su-30МК, Su-35, MiG-29К, MiG-29KUB, MiG-35, and others can be equipped with missiles.

        X-31PD is an anti-radar missile equipped with wide-range passive homing radar, providing for the destruction of enemy air defense radars, operating both in pulsed and continuous radiation modes.
        http://www.vz.ru/news/2013/8/28/647564.html

        only first you need to provide your army, first of all.
  4. mole
    mole 28 August 2013 17: 18 New
    +2
    only first you need to provide your army, first of all

    Let's hope that providing already began. It just might fear for disclosure ...
    On the islands of China, the news is unpleasant, but you still have to be realistic. Today they gave it, and tomorrow ... who knows. Although in vain brought to this. But if we also get complications with the Chinese, then we certainly will not extend it. With Amer, at least there is no common land border. And so, the demarcation has probably already been carried out, the border on the ground has been marked, and the Chinese, with all the pluses, are much more dangerous to invade us than to other neighbors. I hope for several decades of peace in our country. Industry and technology still need to be developed.
    As for the Su-35, it is unlikely that technology will reproduce. There are so many modern techniques, nuclear weapons have long been known, but not everyone can copy! Theory is different from practice.
  5. Stiletto
    Stiletto 28 August 2013 17: 38 New
    +1
    Quote: Mole
    On the islands of China, the news is unpleasant, but you still have to be realistic. Today they gave it, and tomorrow ... who knows.


    So, if you are a realist, you need to understand that tomorrow they, on our own military equipment, sold to them for the sake of momentary profit, will fly (come, come, sail) to pick up the rest.

    Quote: Mole
    As for the Su-35, it is unlikely that technology will reproduce.


    Why not? They have a car, a clone of our development. They also have the audacity to say that their J is better there than our dryers and MIGs.
    1. sleepy
      sleepy 29 August 2013 06: 27 New
      0
      Quote: Stiletto
      "So, if you are realistic, you need to understand that tomorrow
      they, on our own military equipment, sold to them for the sake of momentary profit, will arrive (come, arrive, sail) to take the rest. "


      So far they are on their own technology, but for Russian money flew.

      "Chinese People's Liberation Army Air Force Flight Group
      on J10 fighters flew to Russia ...
      ... Vladimir Putin ordered pay a visit worth 28 million rubles
      from the budget and funds of state corporations ...
      ... Experts are at a loss.
      Konstantin Makienko, deputy director of the Center for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies, noted earlier: "Quite an unusual move -
      advertise Chinese military equipment for our money".
      However vice premier Dmitry Rogozin, responsible for the defense complex,
      does not see anything unusual ... "
      http://www.newsru.com/russia/18aug2013/j10.html
  6. sashka
    sashka 28 August 2013 18: 02 New
    +4
    The day before yesterday on channel 1 they "trumpeted" about KNAPO .. And then they asked a simple worker, a master of their craft, why no one goes to work at the plant .. Total: 1200 advance payment and 1400 in installments under the record .. And that's all .. There are no more banknotes ... And you are shouting "rising" from your knees .. The thrust while lying down has not been canceled yet .. Poghosyan is not yet all for himself .. But it's just a matter of time .. Serdyukov is not subject to jurisdiction, so he has nothing to fear .. Grab while they give it. Like time is not military, but to "so" spread rot workers. Against the backdrop of rampant theft .. Soon there will be simply no one to do .. A Channel 1 Whatever one may say, pro-Putin to the bone. And why can't you trust him ??
  7. shpuntik
    shpuntik 28 August 2013 18: 15 New
    +1
    Article +
    The Russian domestic market has been virtually completely controlled by foreign aircraft manufacturers. This was the result of lifting prohibitions on the import of foreign aircraft in anticipation of entry into the WTO.

    WTO has nothing to do with it. 25 years passed before joining it. The reason is the deliberate surrender of the market to Boeing and Airbus.
    This year it is planned to release up to 20 Superjets. Nevertheless, the program continues to face technical and organizational difficulties, and most importantly, it remains financially unprofitable.

    Let Poghosyan and the company pay extra out of pocket, and not out of the taxpayer’s pocket.
    There were design bureaus Tupolev and Ilyushin, did not engage in a dry civilian life.

    It is a breakthrough in the commercial aviation segment that becomes the main task of the Russian aviation industry. The capacity of this market is ten times higher than the volume of production of military aircraft.

    When they say that at MAKS they signed contracts for so many billions, this no longer means purchases from us, this is all in the sum: export and import. When it happened: Ilyushin-finance plans to purchase 50 Bombardier Q-400s. http://www.aex.ru/news/2013/5/16/105718/
    1. FATEMOGAN
      FATEMOGAN 28 August 2013 18: 35 New
      0
      Quote: shpuntik
      This year it is planned to release up to 20 Superjets. Nevertheless, the program continues to face technical and organizational difficulties, and most importantly, it remains financially unprofitable. Let Poghosyan and the company pay extra from their own pockets, and not from the pockets of a taxpayer. There were Design Bureau Tupolev and Ilyushin;


      The point here is, as far as I understand, that any plane, until it is produced in hundreds, is unprofitable, and the Superjets have not yet been released for payback.
      1. And raid
        And raid 28 August 2013 19: 25 New
        0
        He is generally BANKRUPT! And it’s not particularly sold, either marketing is weak, or the machine is garbage, or there are hundreds of analogues.
      2. shpuntik
        shpuntik 28 August 2013 23: 43 New
        +1
        FATEMOGAN LT Today, 18:35 ↑
        The point here is, as far as I understand, that any plane, until it is produced in hundreds, is unprofitable, and the Superjets have not yet been released for payback.

        There were these calculations in the media, after the 50th plane supposedly there is a profit. It's all to the public yes Produced the goods, set the price, master master, tszt. "Superpuper" is 80 percent of foreign components, emnp. Delivery from Europe is more expensive than from Russia, salaries in Europe are twice as high, so why should our aircraft be more expensive? Our electricity is cheaper in terms of cost than in Europe, but we pay the same. This is government policy.
        For domestic traffic, it was necessary to produce Soviet aircraft with improved engines. They strangled production deliberately, surrendered the market. There are import duties and taxes, etc.
        We transferred the production of a new aircraft to a non-core plant. Make an airplane from scratch if there are ready-made drawings and production. This is sabotage. The same scheme was with the "Bulava" - they gave the naval theme to the institute engaged in land weapons. As a result, they strangled "Sineva", the Makeev Institute.
        The financial flow goes through Poghosyan and the company, respectively, the Mikoyanites were pushed back.
        And so on ...
  8. Flooding
    Flooding 28 August 2013 18: 43 New
    0
    Quote: article
    In the near future, perhaps already at the MAKS-2013 air show, an important contract will be signed for the purchase of 24 MiG-35S fighters.

    Only recently they wrote that the purchase of 37 MiG-35s was postponed to 2016.
    Either "However" draws information from outdated sources (they wrote about the delivery of 24 MiG-35s in June of this year), or the article itself is outdated ...
  9. MIKHAN
    MIKHAN 28 August 2013 19: 10 New
    +2
    Well, what can I say in Russia back in the 90s it was practically destroyed (remember howling in the media a brain drain .. a raw materials appendage, etc.) as we all got it into our heads .. And we are developing (there are a lot of problems, of course ..) The jerk in technological and political terms in the next 10 = 15 years should be powerful .. I think so .. The truth is on our side!
  10. redwar6
    redwar6 28 August 2013 20: 29 New
    0
    I'll be there on the 31st, the event (as described) is gorgeous.
  11. Grishka100watt
    Grishka100watt 28 August 2013 23: 52 New
    0
    At the same time, the situation in the commercial aviation segment remains more than complicated. Against the background of the difficult and problematic development of the SSJ-100 project, the domestic market of Russia in the segments of medium- and long-haul aircraft was finally captured by foreign manufacturers.
    And before that, what did he look like? Market?
    It just seems to me what's the situation in the commercial aviation segment Before the advent of the superjet, there was none at all. There wasn’t her situation. Just a black hole.
    The Russian domestic market has been virtually completely controlled by foreign aircraft manufacturers. This was the result of lifting prohibitions on the import of foreign aircraft in anticipation of entry into the WTO.
    And so that’s what became the destroyer of the aviation industry ... Well, well.
    Now we are not able to build a lot of things, what we did 20 years ago: at least medium-range missiles, heavy cruisers, ekranoplanes, shuttles and much more. Only, probably, the idiot will say that this is connected with the WTO.
    The aviation industry was gouged for the same reason as the defense industry, and the WTO has nothing to do with it!
    At the same time, the production of the regional SSJ-100 aircraft, despite the crash of May 9, 2012, is slowly but increasing, reaching 12 units last year.
    They did not forget to mention the catastrophe, and even specified the date.
    Yes, they, as it were, have been flying for 28: http://www.sdelanounas.ru/blogs/38740/

    I did not think that on the site "however" such low-quality articles are made. I'll have to look ...
  12. bones
    bones 29 August 2013 00: 56 New
    0
    Just PLEASE THINK: Quote - "The main hopes for overcoming the downward trend in contracting combat aircraft are connected, first of all, with the promotion of the newest Su-35 multipurpose fighter jet on the market. To date, Russia has entered into an intergovernmental agreement with China on the supply of 24 such aircraft to this country. the signing of the contract is expected at the end of this year - early next year. " We don't have it ourselves, but we sell production to China. IDIOCY!!!
  13. vanderhaas
    vanderhaas 29 August 2013 04: 12 New
    +1
    Quote: bones
    Just PLEASE THINK: Quote - "The main hopes for overcoming the downward trend in contracting combat aircraft are connected, first of all, with the promotion of the newest Su-35 multipurpose fighter jet on the market. To date, Russia has entered into an intergovernmental agreement with China on the supply of 24 such aircraft to this country. the signing of the contract is expected at the end of this year - early next year. " We don't have it ourselves, but we sell production to China. IDIOCY!!!

    And who, in your opinion, will pay for the production of PAK FA?
    1. Marconi41
      Marconi41 29 August 2013 05: 44 New
      0
      I absolutely agree.
  14. Mikhail m
    Mikhail m 29 August 2013 07: 24 New
    0
    Where's the PAK FA, what’s wrong with him?
    1. clidon
      clidon 29 August 2013 16: 52 New
      0
      Three things flew at the MAX.