Military Review

"In Iran, they look at Russia with optimism"

20
"In Iran, they look at Russia with optimism"Iranian Ambassador Reza Sajjadi told Interfax about how relations between Moscow and Tehran will develop under the new Iranian president, Hassan Rouhani


Moscow. 25 August. INTERFAX.RU - Iran's new president, Hassan Rouhani, said that relations with Russia will occupy a special place in Iranian foreign policy. In his interview with Interfax correspondents Ksenia Baigarova and Olga Golovanova, Iran’s Ambassador to Russia Mahmoud Reza Sajjadi told about what awaits Russian-Iranian relations after a change of government.


- A planned bilateral meeting of the leaders of Russia and Iran was reported on the sidelines of the SCO summit in Bishkek in September. This will be the first contact at the highest level since the coming to power of new Iranian President Hassan Rouhani. What do you expect from the upcoming meeting? What questions would the Iranian side like to discuss?

- Some spread rumors that Mr. Rouhani does not want to go to Bishkek, and I refute this. The Iranian presidential administration officially announced that the president is going to Bishkek.

It seems to me that this meeting will be very important, because it will determine the policy of the two countries in the long term.

Iran and Russia have many common interests, both countries face many common threats. On many regional issues, our opinions coincide or are very close to each other. Therefore, I think that the agenda of the upcoming meeting will include a wide range of bilateral, regional and international issues.

- How do you assess the prospects for bilateral relations in the coming period, will they continue in them, or will something be adjusted?


- The current trend will not only be preserved, but will develop even further. Both Iran and Russia are against the unipolar world. Both Iran and Russia consider the interference of foreign forces in the internal affairs of other states as unacceptable. Nations and countries should make decisions themselves, determine their own destinies.

Both countries are in favor of developing regional cooperation. Iran’s active participation in the Shanghai Cooperation Organization - although Iran is not a full-fledged member, but an observer in it - shows that Iran is for the development of regional cooperation within such organizations.

I am very optimistic about the prospects for our relations in the future.

- The failure to supply the Russian C-300 complexes to Iran caused a sharp reaction in Tehran and even became a pretext for the Iranian side to appeal to the International Court of Arbitration. How does this poison the general atmosphere of a relationship? Under what conditions will Iran be ready to abandon the lawsuit against Russia for unrealized C-300 deliveries? When you expect agreements on the supply of the Russian Antenay-2500 anti-aircraft missile systems to Iran to replace the C-300 systems, what are the media reports about?

- Yes, the non-implementation of this contract had a negative impact on the mood of our people and members of parliament.

As for the second part of the question, we still have not received a concrete proposal from the Russian side.

If the first contract is implemented, naturally, there will be no need for going to court.

We, diplomats, hope that there will be solutions to the question posed. The realities that are observed today in our region show us that we should not allow such questions to become a problem, to spoil our good relations. I think that professionals - military, diplomats - will find a solution that meets the interests of both states. Thus, it will be possible to correct the mistake on the non-implementation of this contract.

- Can this topic be touched upon at the upcoming meeting of the two presidents in Bishkek?

- There are many other positive questions. I do not think that such an insignificant question is worth discussing at this meeting.

I consider that it is necessary to give the opportunity to the ministries of foreign affairs and the ministries of defense of the two states to settle this issue by common efforts. Although the presidents remain the final decision.

- But still, Iran would be satisfied if Russia offered the Antey-2500 system instead of C-300? Theoretically, is Iran ready to consider this proposal?

- We must first get the characteristics, find out what the system is, what its price is, compare, and then consider.

We have developed a general plan for air defense. The C-300 system was part of a general plan for the air defense of Iran.

If there is any other air defense system that could cover our territory as part of a general plan, and if the price and delivery time were suitable, then we could be flexible.

- The Iranian authorities have already announced their plans to build additional nuclear facilities. Does Iran plan to invite Russia to implement new projects? Can Russia count on any preferences in the case of tenders?

- The Mejlis of Iran recently approved the 20-year program, which provides for the construction of facilities for the production of 20 thousand of megawatts of electricity using atomic energy.

Given the fact that we have a good experience of cooperation with Russia, of course, we will welcome her participation in the construction of additional nuclear power plants in our country.

In addition, both sides have a desire to eliminate the shortcomings that occurred in the former, for example, delaying the construction time.

Our engineers are already familiar with the conditions, standards, and equipment of the Russian side. This experience will help ensure that future collaboration is even more fruitful.

- With the advent of the new government, is Iran planning to intensify cooperation with Russian oil companies? What steps will Iran take to this?

- To be honest, Iranian companies have shown interest in working with Russian companies in the oil sector. But on the part of Russian companies, we have not seen active desire and interest in working with Iranian partners. Three years ago we prepared a lucrative contract for cooperation between the two states in this area, but the Russian side was not ready to sign it.

I hope that Russian companies will become active players in the energy market of Iran. We are one of the first in oil and gas reserves, and there are statistics that confirm this. Although Iraq has more oil resources than we do, we have much more gas than Iraq. 14% of the world's gas reserves are located in Iran.

Cooperation between Iran and Russia in the field of oil and gas may have an impact on world politics in this area. The Iranian market for Russia is very attractive. General work can be started with engineering projects and completed with the management of the energy market.

- Last week, the House of Representatives of the US Congress passed a bill tightening economic sanctions against Iran. It provides for the introduction of new barriers to the import of oil from Iran. The bill, in particular, proclaims the goal of completely blocking the sale of Iranian oil on world markets by the year 2015. Do you believe that the US can really take such measures? And in general, how do sanctions affect your country's economy?

- Do I believe that Americans can take this step? Yes, there is such an opportunity, they can introduce new sanctions. Recently, the US Senate approved additional sanctions against Iran, despite the fact that the new government of Mr. Rouhani has just begun its work. The United States took this step instead of demonstrating its goodwill. Can the imposition of these sanctions be a good signal to Iran?

As for the impact of sanctions on Iran, this issue has two aspects. The first one is very positive. Because of the sanctions, we have learned how to produce things that we previously imported from other countries. The level of knowledge and technology compared with what it was before, that is, before the introduction of sanctions, has grown significantly. Moreover, we not only began to produce some equipment, but also to export to developed countries.

Previously, we exported more than 50% of our crude oil. Measures are being taken in Iran to turn crude oil into refined value-added products.

Another aspect is negative. First of all, this is a psychological moment. Secondly, our national currency - real - has "fallen" in relation to foreign ones.

In addition, it is clear that one country cannot fully satisfy its needs. There are problems related to the fact that we cannot, due to sanctions, purchase raw materials, products or equipment that we cannot produce ourselves.

But in general, it cannot be said that because of the sanctions, the end of the world has come for us. We are gradually turning these threats into opportunities.

- Do you agree with the opinion that after Mr. Rouhani became the President of Iran, negotiations on the Iranian nuclear program will go easier, and Tehran will show flexibility on a number of issues?

- I think that, as before, the progress in the negotiations is completely dependent on the goodwill of the western side. In past years, we also emphasized this point. We are not ready to deviate from our legal rights by one millimeter.

We are dealing with a discriminatory approach towards our country, when we are perceived as second-rate people. Some states even have an atomic bomb, but they are not under such pressure as we are. Iran also does not want to be the object of pressure and aggression.

The Western approach is to make us deviate from our position, but not to offer anything in return.

As for the prospects for negotiations after taking office as a new president, I want to remind you that Mr. Rouhani is very good at nuclear issues, he has a serious record of work in this area. I think this is a very good opportunity for the West, and if he shows goodwill, it will be possible to quickly sum up the negotiations. Of course, the introduction of new unilateral sanctions at a time when the new president has not even taken office, do not fit this canvas.

What flexibility do you want from us? The largest number of inspections of nuclear facilities was carried out in Iran. Cameras were installed at nuclear facilities, and the facility in Parchin was already fully inspected twice. And even the Deputy Head of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) once said that the issue connected with Parchin is closed.

We have developed an action plan agreed with the IAEA and fully implemented it. Iran’s spiritual leader issued a religious fatwa, which is for us even above all laws in the world, that Iran will not create a nuclear weapon. Our country has become a member of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). If our government wanted to create nuclear weapons, would it have joined the NPT?

But we are again told that there are doubts about the nature of our nuclear program. I think that all this time the opposite side was engaged not in negotiating, but in imposing their opinions with far-reaching political goals.

- What are the political goals?

- Previously, Americans and Europeans had huge interests in Iran, as they controlled Iranian oil. The whole Iranian market was in their hands. The United States even recently admitted that they took part in the coup of 1953 in Iran. But after the revolution took place in 1979, the West lost its control and faced a strong independent government. Now, in the West, they want either to make Iran under their domination again, or to overthrow the regime. This is the main goal of the United States. If you look at the policy that the Americans conducted in the last 34 years regarding our country, there can be no other conclusion.

Now there is a powerful propaganda war against Iran. It is said that the rights of women are not respected in Iran. But go yourself and see how we treat women. It is said that the rights of the religious minority are violated. But we have a Jewish diaspora, and the Armenian diaspora, and Christian priests, and rabbis.

And if you take Iran’s nuclear program, it’s just amazing how such a noise was raised from a simple question. Now in American blogs they generally write, they say, what right does Iran have to develop nanotechnologies, biotechnologies, and so on.

All this is happening, because the Americans do not want the oil independent state, which could be an example and model for other states, to exist in the form in which it exists today.

- Former Iranian President Mahmoud Amadinejad is known for rather harsh statements about Israel, in particular, he stated that Israel should be wiped off the face of the earth. Are Iran still convinced that Israel has no right to exist as a state? Or, in your opinion, with the advent of the new leadership, we will witness a more restrained policy?

- At one time apartheid disappeared in South Africa. No war then happened, no one dropped the bombs. It was just that at some point people understood that this way of thinking is wrong.

We believe that such a phenomenon as Zionism contributes to the perpetration of unacceptable, immoral acts on the international arena. It is impossible to occupy someone else's house, and then come up with some name for this unsightly action.

We are convinced that soon Zionism, like apartheid once, will cease to exist. And with the collapse of Zionism, the existence of Israel will have no meaning.

- Do you believe that the Geneva-2 conference will take place in the coming months?

- We are delighted with the initiative of the Russian side to hold such a conference and hope that it will take place.

All this time, the Syrian opposition has demonstrated the lack of incentive to participate in the conference. There are two reasons for this. First, there is no consensus within the Syrian opposition; they cannot agree with each other. Secondly, lately the opposition forces have suffered defeat too often, and they are afraid to demonstrate their weakness if they take part in the conference.

On the other hand, I am not very sure of the seriousness of the intentions of the Americans and Europeans. In words, they demonstrate a desire to hold a conference, make a spectacular gesture. But in fact, we hear about the transfer of weapons to terrorists operating in Syria. And we see that they do not bother themselves with attempts to exert pressure on the patrons of the terrorists, who are like "allies in the region." It seems that they either do not really know what to do, or they say what they themselves do not believe in. I think they are trying to gain time in this way.

- Will Iran insist on participating in Geneva-2?

- Yes, we will insist. We believe that Iran is an influential state in the region and can play a constructive role.

- And Iran is ready to be at the same meeting table with Qatar, Saudi Arabia?

- I do not know whether to invite these countries. In any case, we believe that we can play an important role, and we take our presence at the conference very seriously.

- Many media claim that Iran actively supports Syrian government forces. Are members of the Iranian army or special forces fighting on the side of the Syrian government now? Maybe Iran advises the security forces of Syria, finances, helps with arms? Are the reports that Iran supplies arms to the Syrian government through Iraqi territory?

- Syria has its own powerful army, which does not need the presence of our troops. The reason for the conflict being prolonged is that for any army to fight in urban conditions is not an easy task, especially if you encounter terrorists without any moral values.

At the same time, Iranians, both civilians and military, are actively helping Syria, providing it primarily with economic and humanitarian assistance. We are talking about the supply of medicines, water, food.

- Do you deliver weapons?

- Not. What for? Syria has always faced the threat of attack from Israel. Therefore, they have good stocks of weapons.

- What, in your opinion, is the role of Hezbollah in the current Syrian conflict? Do you share the opinion that if it were not for Hezbollah, Assad would not have been in power for a long time?

- Hezbollah came to Syria because the terrorists were extremely outrageous. You are probably aware of the fact that terrorists destroyed the grave of the Companion of the Prophet Mohammed Khujr ibn Adi, the shrine of all Muslims. This is the most inhuman, the most anti-Islamic act that you can imagine. Moreover, the terrorists have openly declared that they are planning to desecrate another shrine near Damascus, the grave of our prophet's grandson. That is why the people and the government of Syria asked Hezbollah, whose members are willing to die, than to allow such abuse, to come and protect the shrines.

Bashar Assad can resist the last two and a half years thanks to the support provided by the people and the army of Syria. After all, why were Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali overthrown in Tunisia and Hosni Mubarak in Egypt? Because the people did not support them. In Syria, the majority is in support of Bashar Assad, so he is still in power.

You probably know that there are thousands of foreign mercenaries operating in Syria who commit terrorist acts with the help of foreign money. At least twenty of one hundred killed or detained militants are citizens of foreign countries. They even come across security officers from neighboring states.
Originator:
http://www.interfax.ru/txt.asp?id=325062&sec=1483
20 comments
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  1. FC SKIF
    FC SKIF 27 August 2013 06: 34 New
    12
    Iran shows that it is possible to successfully develop in the modern world by combining traditional, patriarchal, or something, family values, religious values ​​+ nuclear energy, auto building, etc. Apparently, Iran annoys many with this.
    1. bomg.77
      bomg.77 27 August 2013 06: 51 New
      +7
      Quote: FC Skiff
      Iran shows that it is possible to successfully develop in the modern world by combining traditional, patriarchal, or something, family values, religious values ​​+ nuclear energy, auto building, etc. Apparently, Iran annoys many with this.
      This breaks down their entire system to the West, which can only be developed in a democratic state with liberals and fagots.
    2. Very old
      Very old 27 August 2013 09: 24 New
      +3
      As usual. Naughty to Washington? Kindly blacklisted. And at the head of this list is not S. Korea or China, but Russia.
  2. Belogor
    Belogor 27 August 2013 06: 48 New
    +3
    It seems to me in the light of recent events that the preparation of Western countries for a war with Syria is quite possible to resume the supply of S-300, which Iran so desires to have, it is even possible to increase the number of their supplies.
  3. tronin.maxim
    tronin.maxim 27 August 2013 06: 50 New
    +6
    Well done Iran, he sneezed at the Americans. The next barriers put up by the USA make Iran stronger.
  4. treskoed
    treskoed 27 August 2013 06: 56 New
    +3
    The East is a delicate matter. The main thing is not to break firewood in diplomacy with our straightforwardness and inconsistency and not to put into the politics of "effective managers" who measure everything with coin and kickbacks!
    1. tronin.maxim
      tronin.maxim 27 August 2013 07: 10 New
      0
      Thank God, we don’t have such in the Foreign Ministry!
    2. KazaK Bo
      KazaK Bo 27 August 2013 07: 48 New
      +1
      Quote: treskoed
      East is a delicate matter. The main thing is not to break firewood in diplomacy.

      Yesterday an extraordinary PCF of our Foreign Minister, Lavrov, took place. His statement: “Russia will not fight with anyone over Syria,” I was very upset. I did not understand - Either this is the usual fog adopted in diplomacy ... or this is another concession to the Washington Regional Committee. At the same time, a message flashed in the media that OBAMA would still meet with PUTIN! Why would he change his position so abruptly ... and we departed from our previous statements that we would not allow direct military intervention of other countries in the conflict in SYRIA ???
      Some questions! And they are even more ambiguous after another report of a “planned and successful failure” in the economy of the liberal course of Medvedev ... There will again be a need to "get into the stabilization fund" .... But this money is in the USA ... we only have them receipts, that if we behave ourselves well, they will probably be given back a bit ... So Obama decided to see us warn of the need for "good and proper behavior" in the conditions of an economic downturn.
      Are we again retreating and "laying down" under the Amer?
      1. Black Colonel
        Black Colonel 27 August 2013 08: 56 New
        0
        Most likely this is diplomatic tactics and was referring to direct military action. After all, the "limited contingent" of the USSR, too, at first "helped the Afghan farmers to harvest in the fields."
  5. bomg.77
    bomg.77 27 August 2013 06: 57 New
    +1
    And with the collapse of Zionism, the existence of Israel will not make any sense.
    This is a cancerous tumor of the earth and it must be removed.
  6. borisjdin1957
    borisjdin1957 27 August 2013 07: 03 New
    +1
    from the Don.
    The East is a delicate matter! You need to be friends with Iran, but with caution. There is no guarantee that the situation in any country in the East can turn around 180 degrees.
    1. Black Colonel
      Black Colonel 27 August 2013 09: 01 New
      +2
      Everyone needs to be friends with an eye out. Just be wise so as not to push any situation into a dead end and leave room for maneuver.
    2. avt
      avt 27 August 2013 11: 27 New
      0
      Quote: borisjdin1957
      There is no guarantee that the situation in any country in the East can turn around 180 degrees.

      This is, for the sake of the fight against the “Great Satan,” they are ready to cooperate with the “Small Satan,” the guys are completely on their mind.
  7. vasiliysxx
    vasiliysxx 27 August 2013 07: 04 New
    +2
    Of course, you need to give the S-300, because like a classic in the movie, they have such a personal dislike for Amers and Jews that they can’t even eat
    1. KazaK Bo
      KazaK Bo 27 August 2013 07: 30 New
      +1
      Quote: vasiliysxx
      they have such a personal dislike for amers with Jews that they cannot even eat

      ... The enemy of our enemy ("sworn partner in the fight against terrorism"), our, if not a bosom friend, then a welcome neighbor, partner and ally ....
      By this principle, the USSR very successfully built its relations with the national revolutionaries Bl. EAST in the 60-80s. This allowed us not only to expand our relations in the Arab world, but also to strengthen our position in the world. As soon as the "hunchbacked Judas" made friends with us, the devil of "shit democracy" turned us into a vassal from this "devil" our author in the world fell below the plinth.
      The conclusion is simple - see the first 12 words at the beginning of my comment, make friends and help the enemy of our enemy!
  8. George
    George 27 August 2013 07: 11 New
    +2
    Hello all.
    All this is happening, because the Americans do not want the oil independent state, which could be an example and model for other states, to exist in the form in which it exists today.

    A well-known thing, glavnyuki.
  9. slaventi
    slaventi 27 August 2013 07: 13 New
    +1
    In light of the recent events around Syria, to work more closely with Iran in the military sphere. To remove all obligations on sanctions against Iran, in connection with the events in Syria. To put air defense systems and other weapons systems. Do it as quickly as possible.
  10. vitek1233
    vitek1233 27 August 2013 07: 30 New
    0
    Quote: slaventi
    In light of the recent events around Syria, to work more closely with Iran in the military sphere. To remove all obligations on sanctions against Iran, in connection with the events in Syria. To put air defense systems and other weapons systems. Do it as quickly as possible.

    Yes, it must be done if there is an attack on Syria
  11. a52333
    a52333 27 August 2013 07: 33 New
    0
    It's a good news.
    I hope that Russian companies will become active players in the energy market of Iran. We are one of the first in oil and gas reserves, and there are statistics that confirm this. Although Iraq has more oil resources than we do, we have much more gas than Iraq. 14% of the world's gas reserves are located in Iran.
  12. LaGlobal
    LaGlobal 27 August 2013 07: 35 New
    +2
    Good morning everyone! A country like Iran is capable of much! I am sure that in the near future, they will have nuclear weapons and the latest developments in the field of nuclear energy. Yes, I think, not only in these areas. Honestly, the line of power led by Mukhmanidzhat has changed for the worse with the advent of the new president. But I was only afraid =)

    Good luck, IRI!
  13. Grbear
    Grbear 27 August 2013 08: 25 New
    +3
    Optimism in relations with Iran is a good thing for Russia. Long-standing ties (it was not in vain that Stalin chose Tehran in 1943) must be confirmed by deeds. And the S-300 is complete control over the Strait of Hormuz, which Kuwait, Qatar and Saudi Arabia cannot afford. It is obvious that Iran took the decision of Russia with understanding. Next is the SCO and nuclear energy.
    1. alone
      alone 27 August 2013 22: 35 New
      0
      Mikhail Yuryevich, let me remind you that in 1941, right after the start of the Second World War, the USSR and England occupied Iran equally, just because Iran was going to sign an alliance with Hitler. 1943 this territory was considered the most favorable
      for negotiations due to the fact that the entire territory was controlled by the Allied armies. hi
      1. Marek Rozny
        Marek Rozny 30 August 2013 13: 17 New
        0
        The division of Iran was agreed upon by the USSR and Britain at a time when the Molotov-Ribbentrop relations were still between the USSR and Germany.
        The Soviet Union wanted to do the same for Iran as with Romania (1940) and Poland (1939) - "protecting oppressed fraternal peoples from the yoke of the bourgeois exploiters", in this case, protecting Azerbaijanis from "evil Persian villains." After that, Iranian Azerbaijan would have joined the Soviet Azerbaijan. You probably know that in relation to “Russian” Azerbaijan this name was usually not applied, but only to the Iranian part. And only in Soviet times the name "Azerbaijan" was given to this region by the Bolsheviks with an eye to the annexation of the Iranian part, where the bulk of the Azerbaijani people lived and still lives.
        Stalin (I mean the period before the war with the Germans) needed a reason to invade Iran. Living on the adjacent territory of the titular people of the Soviet republic is a great reason for the occupation, and the mythical or real "exploitation of the masses" by the local bays is an excellent occasion.
        But the war with Hitler changed the further policy in this region. Not to Iranian Azerbaijan was already. As I understand it, at the time when in August 1941 the Red Army rolled back to Moscow, they simply forgot about the order to occupy Persia. And the division commanders did everything as it was prescribed before the war with the Germans - at the indicated time they crossed the Soviet-Iranian border ...
        1. Essenger
          Essenger 30 August 2013 13: 55 New
          +2
          Quote: Marek Rozny
          And only in Soviet times the name "Azerbaijan" was given to this region by the Bolsheviks with an eye to the annexation of the Iranian part, where the bulk of the Azerbaijani people lived and still lives.

          The Bolsheviks owned one sixth of the land, but still they lacked it. I also remembered the Karelian-Finnish SSR with an eye on the capture of Finland)
  14. LaGlobal
    LaGlobal 27 August 2013 09: 14 New
    +2
    Some hamster raged what
  15. Valery Neonov
    27 August 2013 09: 23 New
    0
    Quote: Black Colonel
    Everyone needs to be friends with an eye out.

    That's right, because RUSSIA practically has no allies, there are partners; even if they (partners) are strategic, but they are not friends. As the saying goes, "nothing personal." hi With Iran at the same time, RUSSIA of course it is simply necessary (!) To cooperate in ANY (!) Areas.
  16. bilgesez
    bilgesez 27 August 2013 22: 26 New
    0
    The Russian authorities will not do anything. They tattered his tongues and again stood in the pose of which you deign.
  17. Marek Rozny
    Marek Rozny 30 August 2013 13: 46 New
    +1
    I think that Iran should be invited to the Customs Union, and then to the Eurasian Union. So what? When Genghisides lived already in one country :)))
    Our union will benefit more from Iran than from Moldova, the Baltic states and other "phantom pains".
    1. Essenger
      Essenger 30 August 2013 13: 56 New
      +1
      Quote: Marek Rozny
      I think that Iran should be invited to the Customs Union, and then to the Eurasian Union. So what? When Genghisides lived already in one country :)))

      Here I do not agree with you, it’s not for nothing that Nazarbayev blocked Iran’s membership in the SCO.
      1. Marek Rozny
        Marek Rozny 2 September 2013 09: 53 New
        0
        Because the presence of Iran in the SCO will definitely put the whole organization in the organization of "potential enemies" in the eyes of the West. We don’t need it yet. For the time being, it is not necessary to create military-political associations with Iran, but economic ones. And that is why Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Iran are completing railways, which will allow the flow of goods. Iran can offer its cheap goods that are not released in the KZ, we can offer them grain, metal products and more. Not to mention what Russia and Belarus can offer them.
        Iran has a powerful petrochemistry, good mechanical engineering - there are certainly technologies and equipment that would be useful for us. In addition, trade routes would open far to the "east" all the way to Iraq. Just imagine that Kazakh goods will go to Baghdad at the same transit rates as inside Kazakhstan.
        It is too early to talk about a military bloc with Iran, we are not yet strong enough, and the White House still does not leave the desire to storm this country. However, we can develop the economy with them, and it will be useful to us all.