Military Review

Red cross on a white background. For the anniversary of the first Geneva Convention

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22 August 1864, on the initiative of Switzerland, the first Geneva Convention was concluded - an international agreement to alleviate the plight of wounded and sick soldiers during the war. The Convention for the first time identified a distinctive sign of medical institutions and personnel involved in the care of the sick and wounded - a red cross on a white background.


Red cross on a white background. For the anniversary of the first Geneva Convention


Horse-drawn sanitary wagons for transporting wounded Russian army who participated in the Russian-Turkish war 1877-1878. The number and the inscription “Countess E.N. Adlerberg. Romania. 1877-1878 The photographer is not installed.

Medical facilities were marked with flags, and staff - bandages. The same signs, according to the Convention, could have personnel and groups involved in the evacuation and transportation of the sick and wounded. A red cross on a white background indicated the neutrality of the personnel or institution protected by this convention.



Vasily Vereshchagin, After the attack. Dressing station near Plevna

In 1867, Russia joined the Geneva Convention. At the same time, under the auspices of Empress Maria Alexandrovna, the wife of Emperor Alexander II, the Society for the Care of Wounded and Sick Soldiers was established, later called the Russian Red Cross Society.



Flying squad of the Empress Empress and the staged infirmary of the Empress, the crown princes. Balkans. 1877-1878 Marching photo of A.Ivanov

In the Russo-Japanese War, the 1904 – 1905 ROKK formed an 22 ambulance train, carrying around the 90 000 wounded and sick. “The great idea of ​​voluntary help to the victims of the battle from those who are deprived of the opportunity to fight for their Motherland has always found a lively response in the Russian hearts. In the indissoluble union of prayers, thoughts and wishes with my beloved daughter-in-law my empress Alexandra Feodorovna ... I urge the Russian people to the feat of humanity. I firmly believe that all of Russia will sensitively respond to ... my call ... and under the banner of the Red Cross will carry their strength and wealth to help their neighbor. " (From the decree of Empress Maria Feodorovna. January 28 1904).



Military ambulance train named after Empress Maria Feodorovna on the platform of the Nikolayevsky railway station. St. Petersburg. 1904. Photo K. K. Bulla



Sewing linen for the army in the workshop ROCK. St. Petersburg. 1904. Photo studio K. K. Bulla

















Japanese sisters of mercy





Japanese wounded and orderlies

ROKK had a network of warehouses that kept a reserve of food and medicine in case of war and natural disasters. The main warehouse of ROKK was created in 1906 in Petersburg, later the warehouses appeared in Vladivostok, Khabarovsk, Irkutsk, Astrakhan.



Empress Maria Fedorovna and her escorts leave the building of the Main warehouse of the Rocca. St. Petersburg. 1912 – 1913

ROKK assisted the victims of many local wars abroad: France with Prussia (1871 – 72), Serbia and Montenegro with Turkey (1876), Italy with Abyssinia (1896), Spanish-American (1896), Greece with Turkey (1897), Anglo-Boer (1899), Balkan Wars (1912). ROKK extended a helping hand to the Italians - during the earthquake in Calabria and Sicily, to the French - after the flood in Paris, to the Montenegrins - in the fight against the cholera epidemic.



The loading of medicines and sanitary equipment, delivered from the Main warehouse of ROKK to the wagons for shipment. St. Petersburg. 1912 – 1913

The unprecedented hostilities that unfolded since the beginning of the First World War demanded an urgent adjustment of the ROKK's mobilization plan: the real need for hospitals and hospitals was ten times higher than the planned figures. ROKK came to the aid of the government, which provided large financial subsidies, as well as merchants. Donations organized personalized sanitary trains, hospitals, dressing units; hospitals were established inscribed beds.



Wounded in the car of the military train. 1915 – 1917.

The courses for sisters of mercy, organized by the ROCKC during the First World War, were attended by representatives of various classes - from ordinary workers to ladies of the high society. Empress Alexandra Fyodorovna and her daughters completed short sisters of mercy courses and worked daily in infirmaries, striking eyewitnesses with modesty, patience and generosity.



Medical personnel and wounded in the Tsarskoye Selo infirmary. In the second row sit from left to right: led. Princess Anastasia Nikolaevna, Maria Nikolaevna, Olga Nikolaevna, Empress Alexandra Feodorovna, led. Princess Tatiana Nikolaevna. Tsarskoye Selo. 1915. Photo K. K. Bulla





















Soviet medical instructor



The medical instructor of the N part, senior sergeant V. Ponomarev V. bandages the wounded junior lieutenant N. Smirnova. 1943. RGAKFD



Arrival of the wounded to the hospital, located in the Pokrovsky monastery. Kiev, 1943. RGAKFD



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  1. igordok
    igordok 24 August 2013 09: 34 New
    +3
    Wounded in the car of the military train. 1915 – 1917.

    Time is changing, and care for the wounded and sick will remain.
    1. asadov
      asadov 24 August 2013 10: 54 New
      +5
      And God forbid it will be so. Thanks to all military orderlies who save others without thinking about themselves.
  2. individual
    individual 24 August 2013 16: 16 New
    +6
    "Red Cross" one of the few international bodies is engaged in the real business of saving people in hopeless situations, whether it is helping the wounded in hostilities, earthquakes, foci of mass disease, hunger or devastation.
    1. arminidi
      arminidi 24 August 2013 17: 49 New
      0
      Totally agree with you.
  3. bubla5
    bubla5 24 August 2013 19: 53 New
    +3
    ROKK assisted the victims of many local wars abroad: France with Prussia (1871 – 72), Serbia and Montenegro with Turkey (1876), Italy with Abyssinia (1896), Spanish-American (1896), Greece with Turkey (1897), Anglo-Boer (1899), Balkan Wars (1912). ROKK extended a helping hand to the Italians - during the earthquake in Calabria and Sicily, to the French - after the flood in Paris, to the Montenegrins - in the fight against the cholera epidemic.
    It is precisely one Russia that constantly comes to the aid of all countries, as something happens in the cataclysms of those who want to help, it’s not even the last case in Primorye
  4. RusneTRUS
    RusneTRUS 25 August 2013 01: 18 New
    +1
    May God grant health to all employees of the Holy Cross
  5. nnz226
    nnz226 25 August 2013 01: 21 New
    +2
    Interestingly, the RED CROSS is a symbol of protection for the sick and wounded. And now stupid gay men because of
    d (c) a wound of tolerance put a six-pointed blue star on fast and medical cars (well, at least not David, although I have nothing against the Jews) and how will they indicate medical facilities at the front (God forbid!) ?! By the way, about Europe and their "universal values" - a good shot is not it? After that, talk about the cemetery of the Wehrmacht soldiers on our land looks disgusting.
    1. wax
      wax 25 August 2013 12: 18 New
      0
      This is their fathers, and mothers ...

      Germany is calling you! Go to beautiful Germany! 100 thousand Ukrainians are already working in free Germany. What about you?
      - an ad with such text was published in a Kiev newspaper on March 3, 1942.
  6. Zomanus
    Zomanus 25 August 2013 02: 12 New
    +1
    If I remember correctly, the fascists on this convention, in relation to us, put with the ransom. And the amers campaign, too, did not bother too much with respect to nemchury. So all this until the first serious fight.