Military Review

Suvorov and Nakhimov schools overcome the era of timelessness

31
21 August 1943 year. In the Soviet Union, a landmark decision. It is connected with the need to take urgent measures to restore economic activity in those areas of the country that were completely liberated from the occupation of the German fascist troops. The resolution is adopted by the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR, and the responsible persons proceed immediately to implement it.


One of the segments of the decree is the creation of new educational institutions in which mainly children of fighters will be trained, whose fathers have not returned from the Great Patriotic War fronts. From the decision of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR 21 August 1943 year:

For the device, training and education of children of the soldiers of the Red Army, the partisans of the Patriotic War, as well as children of Soviet and party workers, workers and collective farmers who died at the hands of the German occupiers, organize nine Suvorov military schools, such as old cadet corps, 500 people in each total 4500 people with years of study 7, with a closed boarding house for pupils.


Suvorov and Nakhimov schools overcome the era of timelessness


The resolution itself says that the Soviet leadership of that time set itself the task of creating military schools, principles of teaching young people that would be similar to the principles of teaching young people in pre-revolutionary Russia cadet corps. This is a question about the connection between the times and statements about the fact that the Soviet authorities at one or another historical stage did not take into account the positive experience of the Russian Empire.

In the shortest possible time, the People's Commissariat of Defense (it is worth recalling: in the conditions of a continuing war!) Realizes the task set, opening military educational institutions in nine cities of the Union, named after the great Russian commander-winner. By November 1943, the Suvorov schools appeared in Astrakhan, Voronezh, Yelets, Kalinin (now Tver), Kursk, Maikop, Novocherkassk, Stavropol and Chuguev (Kharkiv region).

In addition to these educational institutions, five more schools were opened as soon as possible for the children of the dead soldiers and officers, three of which became Nakhimov’s (in Leningrad, Riga and Tbilisi), and two were military schools for children of border guards (in Kutaisi and Tashkent).

Literally, teachers for the Suvorov schools were searched all over the Soviet Union, because in this case, the future military elite of the country needed not just civic educators to train and educate, but people who, as they say, know firsthand the smell of gunpowder. The main personnel department of the People's Commissariat of Defense, considering that experienced officers are needed at the front, carried out truly jewelery work, having carried out a full-fledged personnel selection from among those military personnel who had both pedagogical experience and participation in combat operations. On the shoulders of these people had the mission to teach children of war the tricks of military affairs, the basics of dealing with various types weapons and increase their overall literacy.

It is noteworthy that in order to attract officers-teachers to the Suvorov military schools, he raised the salary on 10-15% in relation to the salary of teachers who worked in ordinary military schools. The management team received about a quarter more for their work than colleagues in high military schools. This material incentive played a significant role in the development of the first IEDs and staffing them with truly professional personnel. And the students often turned out to be a match for their teachers.

At the desks of several IEDs, there were truly heroic guys, many of whom once served in partisan detachments, fought on the streets of Stalingrad and Voronezh, helped to transport the wounded to evacuation hospitals, to deliver correspondence to the front-line. One of these heroic pupils of the VCA opened in 1944 in Kazan was quite young Ivan Pakhomov. He was a young soldier of the reconnaissance squadron of the 115 Cavalry Division. During the execution of the reconnaissance operation, he was seriously wounded, but after treatment at the hospital, he returned to the front. For the courage shown in the performance of operations, young Ivan was awarded a medal for bravery and received the title of corporal. After that, he was sent to the Suvorov Military School.

To raise the spirit of young Suvorov people, the People's Commissariat of Defense decides, let's say, in advance to award these educational institutions - to hand them to the leaders of the Red Martial Banners.

From the time of the first academic year, we have reached unique data on the performance of pupils in Suvorov schools. The best performance was demonstrated by cadets of the Stavropol Suvorov School. All 507 students in the 1943-1944 school year passed certification without having unsatisfactory grades. General performance indicators for IEDs were as follows:

4537 cadets were trained at the first ITS, of which 4509 people received certified status.

By 1945, the positive experience of the Suvorov schools was decided to take into account when working with the allied armies. Thus, the children of the dead Yugoslav army fighters were sent to the preparatory classes of the existing SVU, which gave educational institutions the status of international (international). During the first years of IED work, the issue of increasing the number of Suvorov schools in the Soviet Union was repeatedly raised, as the number of people willing to study in them grew at an incredible pace.

In the same year, 1945, the decision was made to open a special Military Pedagogical Institute in Moscow, cadets from one of the faculties of which were to become mentors of Suvorov and Nakhimov students in the future.

Over the years of its existence, the Suvorov and Nakhimov schools managed to acquire their own glorious traditions. Schools opened and closed, reorganized and transferred from one city to another, but this did not interfere with preparing qualified replenishment for the army and fleet. Tens of thousands of graduates left schools, many of whom in the future became career officers, generals, and even political figures. Cosmonaut Vladimir Dzhanibekov, ex-Minister of Foreign Affairs Igor Ivanov, head of the main personnel department of the Russian Defense Ministry Mikhail Vozhakin, ex-commander of the North Caucasus Military District Viktor Skokov, chief of the General Staff of the Russian Federation Valery Gerasimov, Olympian Vadim Emelyanov. This list goes on for a very, very long time.

Surprisingly, even after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Suvorov schools were able to survive. Recruitment in many of them was reduced, but in general the education system did not suffer serious damage. The most sad times for the SVU came at the first stage of the realization of the new military reform (2009-2010 years) into reality. The reformatory machine “walked” through Suvorov as an asphalt road on the grass. The results of the reform were truly crushing: lessons on military etiquette and military training were withdrawn from the training process, Suvorov students were excluded from participation in military parades on Red Square, the solemn ritual of accepting young people to Suvorov and Nakhimov was disappeared. The road for admission to military schools on special grounds for graduates of IEDs was closed. In fact, the schools turned into ordinary secondary schools, and their military status was finally dispelled.

Famous graduates of the SVU repeatedly appealed to the then Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov and President Dmitry Medvedev, calling for measures that would stop the degradation of military schools that forged the real Soviet and Russian elite for decades. Heads of schools addressed high state officials, frankly calling the course of reforming Suvorov and Nakhimov educational institutions a lawlessness. Officials pretended that appeals were something like spam, and did not bother to respond to them. Like, what to take with the "green men", let them write ...

Today, when Suvorov schools celebrate their 70 anniversary, a sober decision has finally been made to return elements of military training to these educational institutions. In addition, several months earlier Suvorov was allowed to take part in a military parade on Red Square again.

The representative of the main personnel department of the Ministry of Defense Igor Muravlyannikov stated:

We return to the system of education and training of Suvorov, Nakhimov and Cadet attributes of army and naval life, the fulfillment by them of those elements that are provided for by general military regulations. Military etiquette, a platoon system and the assignment of cadet military ranks will return to the daily life of the pupils. They, as before, will participate in parades and military rituals of garrisons.


I want to believe that three years of no-time for IEDs did not become that pit in which glorious traditions are buried. I would also like to believe that Suvorov, Nakhimov schools and cadet corps will continue to release people from their walls who are capable in the future to bring invaluable benefits to the country in which they studied and were brought up.



As an afterword:

14 - September 15 The 2013 of the year in Voronezh will be the solemn celebration of the 70 anniversary of the founding of the Suvorov and Nakhimov schools. All graduates of these schools are invited, regardless of their place of residence and year of graduation.

Contacts for reference:
In the jubilee organizing committee of Voronezh by phone. 8-473-294-45-22 from Viktor Ivanovich Shershnev, by phone 8-473-252-50-80 from Stanislav Mikhailovich Korneyev;
In Moscow, tel. 8-903-673-86-22 from Mosolov Mikhail Vladimirovich.
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  1. Kadet_KRAK
    Kadet_KRAK 26 August 2013 08: 48 New
    +5
    Thanks to the author for the article, there is hope and confidence that the previous system of education in VCA, NVU and KK will be revived. I went through this school myself and I will give my sons without a doubt.
  2. Lech from ZATULINKI
    Lech from ZATULINKI 26 August 2013 08: 49 New
    +5
    Many talented officers, heroes and just good people came out of the walls of these schools.
    Serdyukov for his tricks with these schools should be lowered to the toilet with ha ... ohm.
  3. Vrungel78
    Vrungel78 26 August 2013 10: 11 New
    +5
    My heart skipped a beat. A graduate of the Ussuri IED. Serdyukov on the rack. I won’t give my son, let him walk.
    1. albanech
      albanech 26 August 2013 12: 15 New
      +2
      I completely agree! The son himself is growing! I understand you!
    2. pav-pon1972
      pav-pon1972 27 August 2013 01: 39 New
      +1
      Which issue?
      1. Vrungel78
        Vrungel78 27 August 2013 22: 01 New
        +1
        forty-ninth
        1. pav-pon1972
          pav-pon1972 28 August 2013 15: 55 New
          0
          Remember Starovsky. I'm sorry. not all letters are typed ...
          1. Vrungel78
            Vrungel78 28 August 2013 23: 56 New
            0
            do not remember that
  4. malikszh
    malikszh 26 August 2013 10: 46 New
    +2
    Now in Kazakhstan there are 5 schools of this kind
  5. Kahlan amnell
    Kahlan amnell 26 August 2013 11: 10 New
    +6
    I think that secondary education should be separate - boys and girls separately. And boys need to study in military schools. I believe that it will be useful for both boys (will grow up properly brought up men and soldiers), and girls (will grow up women).
    Although not all boys will choose a military path in the future, this will be useful both for our country and for them.
    This is my humble opinion as a teacher.
  6. Asan Ata
    Asan Ata 26 August 2013 12: 23 New
    +3
    I support. In the light of the latest geyropsky news, proper parenting is of strategic importance for the future of the country. Europe is not the same; the fiends of hell seized power there:

    In Russia, the names of the great commanders Suvorov and Nakhimov are being revived in generations of well-bred children. Here, in Kazakhstan, these are pupils of Momyshuly, a World War II hero, in our opinion, the Great Patriotic War, whose battles are studied in all military schools in the world.
  7. wax
    wax 26 August 2013 12: 44 New
    +7
    When you peel off the political demonizing crust created by the enemies of Stalin, you will always find a completely simple practical message made by him in the interests of the state and people. At the same time, Stalin absolutely tough, partly cruel, did not let anyone dampen and firmly headed for the elevation of his country. This also applies to fines and penalties, the prohibition of abortion and support for motherhood, maintaining a moderate private sector, supporting cooperation, the education system, etc. (For opponents I’ll say right away - and the Gulag, scarab - too). Suvorov and Nakhimovsky gorges are also in this row. The schools solved several problems at once - eliminating homeless children, educating capable children and instilling in them a sense of patriotism and pride in their country, manhood, banal saving them from hunger and cold in the conditions of extremely limited resources and capabilities of parents, training officers from young nails. ..
  8. zol
    zol 26 August 2013 14: 40 New
    +3
    Quote: Kahlan Amnell
    I think that secondary education should be separate - boys and girls separately. And boys need to study in military schools. I believe that it will be useful for both boys (will grow up properly brought up men and soldiers), and girls (will grow up women).


    Absolutely right! Separate education is the key to the proper education of future male warriors and female mothers.
  9. Old warrant officer
    Old warrant officer 26 August 2013 14: 47 New
    +5
    This year, the son graduated from the Ussuri IED, is now studying for a military translator. I do not regret that I agreed to his studies at the school - after all, he gave 5 years. But he has a grudge, a boyish grudge at how they were treated. He entered the school under the impression of the movie "Cadets", and life turned out to be much more prosaic. The military training at Serdyukov was removed, the main thing was sitting for hours in the classroom - 6 hours of classes and 4 hours of self-training! - and it's all. Thanks to the teachers, they did what they could to diversify their educational process. With what envy he and his friends looked at the graduation party at the younger students, who had already made parachute jumps, and went to field training! They had nothing of this! I believe that in order to increase the prestige of military service it is necessary to count the time spent in Suvorov and Nakhimov schools into the length of service, and after graduating from schools it is necessary to send them to military schools immediately without any additional exams (except for physical training).
    1. Vrungel78
      Vrungel78 26 August 2013 16: 23 New
      +2
      New youth was lucky with the head of the school. My friends also praise him. Jumping is his personal initiative. I studied under the late Minenko.
    2. Vrungel78
      Vrungel78 26 August 2013 16: 25 New
      0
      Quote: Old Warrant Officer
      Military training under Serdyukov was removed, the main thing was sitting for hours in the classroom - 6 hours of classes and 4 hours of self-training! - and it's all.

      In '93 it was about the same. They just turned off the lights for six hours daily. We slept in class, what else to do. Hello to my son. I didn’t succeed in entering Krasnodar.
    3. Mairos
      Mairos 26 August 2013 17: 15 New
      +2
      I graduated from SPM in 1981. 34th issue. ))) Cases of bygone days ...))
      1. pav-pon1972
        pav-pon1972 27 August 2013 01: 43 New
        +1
        But as I recall! The best years !!! The Kazan cadet itself (KKK-41), but often in your school has been in the 5th army. And what competitions took place ..., by the way, either Kaz IED or SPMU constantly won on them ... :))

        By the way, before 1991, Kiev and Minsk IEDs were different !!!
        1. Mairos
          Mairos 27 August 2013 10: 58 New
          +1
          Greetings! I remember - I remember, our "cubs" went to competitions, as they were called I don’t remember exactly, something like "military triathlon" or "military all-around". )))
    4. RoTTor
      RoTTor 27 August 2013 01: 23 New
      +2
      They didn’t take exams at higher educational institutions: earlier, they were accepted to 4-year command colleges, 5-higher military schools had an advantage in competitive selection. In the 50s after the IEDs they were given the primary officer rank, but this was not justified - they were canceled. But it is impossible to include in the length of service: Suvorovites are not a military man by age and cannot take the military oath. It is now reasonable that graduates of IEDs, having received military training, are not required, as before, to enter schools. But this is a real mobile reserve.
      1. mehanik27
        mehanik27 2 September 2013 03: 14 New
        0
        This is where the primary officer ranks were given this way ???? What kind of bike ??? Maybe you are confusing with the existing Leningrad and Kiev Suvorov military schools ??? it looked through the fingers that someone did not go to military universities
  10. yura9113
    yura9113 26 August 2013 18: 54 New
    +3
    Quote: albanech
    I completely agree! The son himself is growing! I understand you!

    to each his own children, as a graduate of the Ulyanovsk IED, myself, but if my sons want (while still small), I will let go with great joy, because I think these years (studying at the Suvorov School) are the most remarkable, I don’t impose a personal opinion, although the schools were different, judging by the information that is found in the media. And it’s always time to take a walk, even at school, and there’s nothing to talk about lost childhood, the main thing is that the boys have a craving.
  11. RoTTor
    RoTTor 27 August 2013 01: 27 New
    +1
    Real Suvorov with a 7-year term of study and the present are two big differences.
    Today’s oligarchophrenic fathers are handing over children who are pedagogically neglected and corrupted by them, hoping that uncle educators will somehow bring them to life.
    Current graduates do not see themselves as career officers at all.
    Kiev IED - one of the oldest and best IEDs of the USSR Armed Forces in independent Ukraine was turned into a "Vyisky Lyceum, EXCEPT TERRITORY, can have nothing to do with the KVSVU.
    Recently caught on a bribe the head of this objectionable institution seems to be 4 thousand dollars. Ukro-scum-general. So otputiliya on the security - this sssssssuki has something to pay off. And quietly - they are releasing the criminal case on the brakes.
    They turned the IEDs into a wood-working factory: they take a club for greens and release linden.
    What ohHHHHfitseraU, sorry, foremen in ukro-army?
    1. pav-pon1972
      pav-pon1972 28 August 2013 15: 40 New
      0
      Honestly. no grandmas paid. only your skills ...
    2. mehanik27
      mehanik27 2 September 2013 03: 17 New
      0
      why should the oligarch give his child to some sort of IED?
      1. svp67
        svp67 2 September 2013 03: 20 New
        -1
        Quote: mehanik27
        why should the oligarch give his child to some sort of IED?
        Well, the oligarchs, not the oligarchs, but the rich give, so to speak, that they would have been educated ... And of course, there is no question of any service to the Fatherland, purely personal interest ..
        1. mehanik27
          mehanik27 2 September 2013 03: 36 New
          0
          Even the rich have the opportunity to send the child to more interesting educational institutions .....
          1. svp67
            svp67 2 September 2013 03: 40 New
            0
            Quote: mehanik27
            Even the rich have the opportunity to send the child to more interesting educational institutions .....

            They have and give, but also in the VCA ...
            1. mehanik27
              mehanik27 2 September 2013 03: 44 New
              0
              to hell they do not need this VCA))))
              1. svp67
                svp67 2 September 2013 03: 54 New
                0
                Quote: mehanik27
                to hell they do not need this VCA))))
                But why argue in vain, look at the "alma mother" talk with educators and all the points above the "ё" will fall into place
                1. mehanik27
                  mehanik27 2 September 2013 07: 39 New
                  0
                  If he hadn’t looked in and talked, he wouldn’t have spoken. There isn’t a massive influx of children of the oligarchs or the rich. They have long chosen other places of study for themselves
  12. pav-pon1972
    pav-pon1972 27 August 2013 01: 35 New
    +2
    THANK YOU VERY MUCH TO THE AUTHOR !!!! Kazan Cadet KKK41 itself (Cadets will understand), the role of education of the Suvorov and cadet schools is extremely important!
  13. mehanik27
    mehanik27 2 September 2013 03: 19 New
    0
    It’s interesting why the author when writing the article (well, or the one who stupidly copied the article) inserted a photo not of a Suvorov student, but of a pupil of a military music school, which also seems to be a cadet, but there are nuances as they say ....