Military Review

European SAM SAM-T

9
The SAMP-T anti-aircraft missile system is designed to provide air defense of troops and mechanized formations on the march, as well as provide air defense of stationary objects of great importance from a massive air attack of a wide range of airborne targets. Starting from tactical cruise missiles, all types of aircraft and helicopters, as well as various UAVs in all weather conditions, day and night, when the enemy uses various types of interference. The creator of this air defense system is the European consortium “Eurosam”, formed in 1989 by the union of the companies “Aerospatiale”, “Alenia” and “Thompson-CSF”. Currently, the Eurosam consortium is an integrator of land and sea missile defense system development projects.


6 March 2013 of the year in the framework of the joint exercises of the French Air Force and Italian ground forces SAMP / T medium-range air defense system successfully hit a ballistic missile, the press service of the French Defense Ministry reported. The statement specifically noted that this was the first interception of a ballistic target within the framework of the functioning of the unified NATO missile defense system in Europe. It is reported that the knocked down ballistic missile overcame about 300 km before, before it was destroyed by the Aster 30 antimissile.

The launch of the antimissile missile as part of the test of the missile defense system was carried out on the territory of the DGA missile test center in Biskaross in southwest France with the participation of the 4 artillery regiment of the Italian army and the test center of the French Air Force. Previous missile tests were conducted in October 2010 and in January 2011.

European SAM SAM-T

The SAMP / T SAM system (in the French Air Force, it has the designation “Mamba”) is able to conduct circular shooting at 360 degrees, has a modular design and highly maneuverable missiles that are able to destroy any air target. This complex is already in service in France and Italy and is an important contribution of these two states to the formation of a unified NATO missile defense system, which is designed to intercept ballistic missiles in Europe. The SAMP-T anti-aircraft complex has a high rate of fire and minimal reaction time (8 missiles can be launched in just 10 seconds), while the complex is able to simultaneously accompany various targets to 10 and is controlled by a crew of just 2 people.

According to the developers, this air defense system is highly effective against a variety of unobtrusive, highly mobile, broad-range targets. After receiving target designation, a vertical launch of anti-aircraft missiles takes place. Each launcher of the complex includes a launcher module with eight TPK. In the middle segment of the ZS flight, its aiming at the target is carried out inertially according to information that comes from the multifunctional radar. At the final part of the flight, targeting takes place with the help of a missile defense coordinator with an active radar homing head (GOS), which ensures the use of missiles in all weather conditions.


Structure of the complex

The complex SAMP-T includes:

• multi-function radar of the Thompson-CSF ARABEL type, equipped with a phased antenna array (PAIR);
• the command and control cabin - FCU (Fire Control Unit), which contains the necessary equipment of the control system, which processes all information about the air situation in real time, as well as the 2 console of the display system;
• SAM "Aster-30";
• self-propelled vertical-start PUs on the Renault-TRM-10000 automobile chassis (8х8 wheel formula) or Astra / Iveco with launch modules on 8 combat missiles placed in transport and launch containers (TPK).

The Aster-30 anti-aircraft guided missile is a two-stage solid-fuel rocket, which is designed according to the normal aerodynamic configuration. In the initial and middle sections of the flight path to the target, the rocket receives commands from the ground (command-inertial guidance system), and in the final segment of the path, an active HOS enters. Installed on the rocket radar homing works in the frequency range from 10 to 20 GHz. A distinctive feature of this anti-aircraft missile is the presence of its high-precision PIF / PAF combined control system, which uses gas jet nozzles and aerodynamic control surfaces. In this case, gas jet nozzles are close to the center of mass of the missiles and create thrust along the normal to the rocket flight path. The control method implemented on the Aster-30 rocket allows to compensate for pointing errors and increases the maneuverability of the rocket in the final part of its flight. The Aster-30 missile is equipped with a high-explosive fragmentation warhead of directional action, as well as a radio fuse.

The ARABEL multifunctional three-coordinate radar, equipped with a passive phased array, is able to detect, detect and simultaneously track up to 130 various air targets, as well as guiding missiles to 10 from these targets. To review the airspace in the radar, the mechanical rotation of the antenna in azimuth at an average speed of 60 r / min (1 r / s) and electronic scanning of the air space in elevation are used. Characteristic features of this radar are: control of the shape of the radiation pattern and the directivity characteristics of the antenna; adjustment of the operating frequency from pulse to pulse and adaptive change of signal parameters; very good accuracy and energy characteristics, as well as the possibility of issuing information in real time; programmed space overview.


The implementation of all the capabilities of the ARABEL radar is achieved through the powerful computing facilities of the SAMP-T complex. The radar is able to view the azimuthal space around and from -5 ° to + 90 ° in elevation during one turn of the antenna. The dimensions of the electron beam are 2 °. The detection range of tactical ballistic missile (TBR) class air targets is up to 600 km. The ARABEL radar can also be additionally included a system of state recognition (IFF / NIS), which either integrates with the radar or receives its own path for receiving and emitting a signal.

A typical battery of the Franco-Italian SAM SAM-T system consists of 6 PUs, separated by a distance of 10 km. from the control cabin, as well as multifunctional radar ARABEL. The functioning of all subsystems of the complex is carried out under the strict guidance of the 2 members of the crew. The SAMP-T air defense system is able to act independently, as part of an integrated air defense system, or with receiving target indications from early warning radar and target tracking. There is also the possibility of integrating other optoelectronic reconnaissance facilities into the complex.

Each battery of the complex can simultaneously guide the 16 SAM to various air targets. Information on the number of combat-ready and missiles deployed by a complex on each launcher is used during combat work in appointing new missiles to attack newly discovered air targets. At the same time SAMP-T SAM system has a high rate of fire and minimal reaction time, 8 missiles with one launcher can be launched in just 10 seconds.


Scheme of the complex

Under normal conditions, the combat operation of SAMP-T SAMs is carried out as follows. After the announcement of the alarm, the operators of the combat control cabin of the complex bring all its elements into a combat position, ensuring also their uninterrupted power supply. The antenna of the multifunctional ARABEL RLS rotates at a speed of 1 v / s, thus providing a circular view of the airspace in the azimuth plane. In cases of the need for multi-functional radar, sectors of responsibility may be established that will have priority in detecting and firing air targets.

In specified sectors, airborne targets are detected and identified by the antenna's 1 antenna revolution using additional sensing of the portion of space where primary target detection was noted. If, in the case of re-sensing, confirmation of the detection of an air target is noted, then the next turn of the radar antenna causes the linkage of its route. Further, information about the route of the target is transmitted to the command and control cabin and displayed on the displays of the complex operators.

Computational facilities of the complex build a prolongation of the future mark of the appearance of the target, taking into account the intended course of its movement, speed of movement and its nature. Each detected target is assigned its own individual number. At that moment, when the target enters the launch area of ​​the SAMP-T complex, the combat control cabin issues commands to the selected launchers. After receiving these commands, preparations are made for the launch of the 1 or 2-X SAM "Aster-30".


After this, the command post issues commands to launch missiles. At the PU, after receiving the appropriate command, information on the direction and other important parameters of the movement of the air target, as well as the value of the declination angle of the missile defense system during its vertical launch, is transmitted to the ZUR board. At the same time, training is being carried out to capture the escort of anti-aircraft missiles. After this, a vertical launch of the Zour missile takes place, the rocket leaves its TPK. The modes of operation of the multi-function radar with the HEADLIGHTS allow detecting and capturing the launch of the Aster-30 SAM system, and then using the computational tools of the complex, the route of its flight is formed. After the SAM exits the transport and launch container, it independently leans in the direction of the intended meeting point with the air target.

At the command and control center of the complex, the rocket flight path is displayed on the displays. The coordinates of the selected air target, as well as other parameters of its movement, are updated every second and are issued onboard the missile defense system to guide it to the intended meeting point with the target. After the rocket accelerator stops its work with a small time delay, the main engine starts.

The flight trajectory of the missile defense system is compiled in such a way that its convergence with the aim of allowing a target to be captured by a missile launch vehicle that starts operating at a certain point on the flight path. After completion of the main engine Zur continues its flight to the target. To control the flight, wings and rudders are used; if necessary, a PIF guidance system is used in the final section of the flight path in order to minimize the possibility of a miss and cause maximum damage to the air target.

Performance characteristics SAMPS / T:

The range of destruction of air targets:
- airplanes - 3-100 km.
- ballistic missiles - 3-35 km.
The height of the destruction of air targets - up to 25 km.
The detection range of targets such as TBR - 600 km.
The number of missiles on PU - 8
The number of simultaneously aimed at the target Zour - 10.
The maximum flight speed of the missile attack system is 1400 m / s.
The average flight speed of missiles - 900-1000 m / s.
Maximum overload of missiles: at altitude H = 15 km - 15g, with altitude H = 0 - 60g.
Starting mass of missiles - 510 kg.
Mass of the missile warhead - 15-20 kg.

Information sources:
-http: //rbase.new-factoria.ru/missile/wobb/samp_t/samp_t.shtml
-http: //pvo.guns.ru/other/france/aster/index.htm
-http: //bastion-karpenko.ru/sampt
-http: //www.nato.bz/ru/news/20130311/06589.html
-http: //saidpvo.livejournal.com/201372.html
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  1. scientist
    scientist 22 August 2013 08: 51 New
    +6
    Somehow the British brought us their "super radar" for demonstration. The claimed features were simply fantastic. When they began to study the stuffing and see how it works on real objects, it immediately became clear that many performance characteristics were several times overstated. At the final press conference, the British admitted: "thanks to your experts, we began to know your radar better"
    1. vital.33
      vital.33 20 June 2017 17: 28 New
      0
      [/ quote] Somehow the British brought us their "super radar" for demonstration. The claimed features were simply fantastic. When they began to study the stuffing and see how it works on real objects, it immediately became clear that many performance characteristics were several times overstated. At the final press conference, the British admitted: "thanks to your experts, we began to know your radar better" [quote]

      It’s necessary to write such nonsense: belay belay belay ....
      And someone will believe .... wassat wassat wassat
  2. Akim
    Akim 22 August 2013 09: 28 New
    +6
    Amendment:
    to ensure air defense of troops and mechanized formations on the march,

    On the march, it is useless. But to cover stationary objects, as mentioned in the article, it is it.
    1. cdrt
      cdrt 22 August 2013 10: 00 New
      -2
      Hmm ... our Knight, just created before us wink
      In general - I hope that after passing the GI, debugging Vityaz we will get the same complex.
      Only again ... they have a complex on fairly small trucks, we have a SKS.
      It seems that the elemental base is already one (Chinese-made laughing ), but still our systems are larger, heavier than them with comparable characteristics.
      Apparently the matter is in neglecting the design culture in terms of weight and dimensions, or in the slow development of the requirements put forward by the military.
      1. lx
        lx 22 August 2013 10: 32 New
        0
        As for the "Chinese production" did not understand - with us or with them?
        1. Bersaglieri
          Bersaglieri 23 August 2013 00: 27 New
          +2
          Everyone has. Where are the chips riveted and soldered on boards? The same thing ...
      2. Pin
        Pin April 28 2018 03: 11 New
        0
        Pay attention to the mass of warhead 20kg (this is so much on shells) and now we look at what masses warhead on our missiles (9M38 beech rocket mass warhead 62kg), my opinion is that this bundle is unlikely to hit anything other than civilian aircraft not to mention maneuverable low flying targets
    2. lx
      lx 22 August 2013 10: 31 New
      0
      Why is that useless? Connections on the march, he can cover. Given its mobility, it can be quickly deployed at the desired point and cover the march zone. He himself cannot make launches on the march.
      1. Akim
        Akim 22 August 2013 10: 45 New
        0
        Quote: lx
        Given its mobility, it can be quickly deployed at the desired point and cover the march zone.

        Theoretically - maybe. But a similar ZRK-300V covers an entire group of troops. Neither modern France nor Italy has such an operational scale. So - only for:
        for the defense of large industrial and administrative facilities, military bases and command posts
  3. Tuzik
    Tuzik 22 August 2013 10: 01 New
    0
    it seemed to me or raising to a fighting position pu takes decent time, + support
    1. Akim
      Akim 22 August 2013 10: 20 New
      0
      Quote: Tuzik
      or lifting to a fighting position pu takes a decent time, + support

      Not more than the S-300.
      1. alicante11
        alicante11 22 August 2013 10: 27 New
        0
        S-300 long-range air defense systems, God himself commanded him.
        1. Akim
          Akim 22 August 2013 10: 48 New
          +1
          Quote: alicante11
          S-300 long-range air defense systems,


          It depends on what kind of modification. Ukraine has only S-300V and S-300PU (U1). Range 75-80 km.
          1. Apologet.Ru
            Apologet.Ru 22 August 2013 20: 49 New
            +5
            hi
            Quote Akim
            Ukraine has only C-300В

            Alas, the colleague, alas, is already NO - eliminated as a class crying .
            1. Akim
              Akim 22 August 2013 21: 37 New
              0
              Quote: Apologet.Ru
              Alas, the colleague, alas, is already NO


              Yes, as a class we do not need them. There are no armies. Only two army corps. But they are quite combat-ready and can take up combat duty, along with the towed S-300PU. “Luch” and “Artem” promised next year to show air defense systems based on the R-27M. But when the first division of such will be on combat duty - a thankless task to guess.
  4. lx
    lx 22 August 2013 10: 56 New
    +1
    Quote: Akim
    Quote: lx
    Given its mobility, it can be quickly deployed at the desired point and cover the march zone.

    Theoretically - maybe.

    Not theoretically, but by TTX :)
    Quote: Akim

    But a similar ZRK-300V covers an entire group of troops. Neither modern France nor Italy has such an operational scale.

    this already applies to the peculiarities of the organization of the armed forces and defense of these countries, and not to the air defense system itself, which can be offered for export or used in extraterritorial operations.
  5. Akim
    Akim 22 August 2013 11: 02 New
    0
    Quote: lx
    SAM, as such, which can be offered for export, and used in extraterritorial operations.

    Can you imagine the scale of the army, which needs such an air defense system on the march? On TTX and S-500 will be able to cover the troops. Is it only necessary? There are air defense systems for the ground forces, this is their task.
  6. lx
    lx 22 August 2013 11: 30 New
    +1
    Quote: Akim
    Quote: lx
    SAM, as such, which can be offered for export, and used in extraterritorial operations.
    Can you imagine the scale of the army, which needs such an air defense system on the march? On TTX and S-500 will be able to cover the troops. Is it only necessary? There are air defense systems for the ground forces, this is their task.

    Hmm, I don’t see much point in arguing here. The question is the force and form of the statement "it is useless." I am not a specialist in organizing air defense, but I think that here we can talk about inefficiencies in terms of cost and resource, and not categorical "futility". Each object under cover has its own priority, and air defense systems of this class usually cover strategically important objects, which are usually stationary. As for the scale of the army, I want to note that on the march it stretches and the cover zone also increases due to the movement of covered objects - after all, the air defense system does not work from the march and cannot change its location in real time with the troops being covered. Plus air defense systems can, in principle, cover both a stationary object and troops on the march, if their location allows this. The question of priority is what to spend ammunition in the first place. Troops in the first place, of course, should cost the military air defense, which is cheaper and whose ammunition is greater.
  7. SPBOBL
    SPBOBL 22 August 2013 19: 17 New
    -3
    Too lazy to arrange copyright ... but read the TTX S300 and this deployment time, etc. and also taking into account the possibility of off-road driving, which is very important, on sand, swamp ...
    No need to be a specialist in air defense ... S-300,400 rule.
    and on SAMP-T, only guard the airfield in the geyropa, but drive to shows on the highway.
    1. Nayhas
      Nayhas 22 August 2013 22: 08 New
      +4
      Quote: SPBOBL
      and also taking into account the possibility of off-road driving, which is very important, on sand, swamp ...

      Recall where you in Europe (the very one that you so contemptuously call a geyropa and where domestic patriots love to relax and have real estate there) have seen impassability and swamps? SAMP-T is of course "no longer a cake," but you must understand that its history begins at the end of the 20th century, when the development of a modular air defense with a single anti-aircraft missile for the Navy and for the ground forces began. In 1989 created the company Eurosam which took up the development. Because Since this company was created by two countries, France and Italy, the further fate of the air defense system repeated the fate of all projects developed by the cooperation of European countries. Expensive, tedious and unusually long. On the heels comes the MEADS air defense system, whose characteristics are superior to SAMP-T, it will be one of the best air defense systems in the world.
  8. The Indian Joe
    The Indian Joe 22 August 2013 22: 28 New
    +2
    Russian air defense systems are still better.
  9. Bersaglieri
    Bersaglieri 23 August 2013 00: 24 New
    +7
    The French analogue of C300 PMU or Patriot. Good modern system.
    1. NordUral
      NordUral 13 July 2015 13: 16 New
      0
      That's right, a good complex, if the performance characteristics are as stated. The fact that on the machine 8 launch containers is a plus. Yes, and the rest. Ours should boast less, and quietly, but quickly develop new models and generations. For our country, air defense and missile defense are vital. And in large numbers. The blow, if any, will be sudden and massive, with thousands of attacking high-speed targets.
  10. Bersaglieri
    Bersaglieri 23 August 2013 00: 29 New
    +2
    Quote: lx
    Why is that useless? Connections on the march, he can cover. Given its mobility, it can be quickly deployed at the desired point and cover the march zone. He himself cannot make launches on the march.

    Just for the cheers, all that has a range of less than 400 km and reach in height of less than 40 km is retarded ... Stupidity, of course, stemming from a complete misunderstanding of the structure of air defense. Materiel not taught :-)
  11. Do not care
    Do not care 23 August 2013 03: 23 New
    0
    Oh my god, there CRT monitors in the cockpit of combat control:

  12. The comment was deleted.