At the end of the 80 of the last century, when the Union was already “cracking at the seams”, I was still a child, but thanks to the notorious conversations in the kitchen and the constant arguments of parents with my grandmother and grandfather, I understood what was happening around.
Without a moment's doubt, I took the side of my grandfather. Probably, it cannot be argued that in 10-11 of boy years, my choice was completely meaningful. And yet at some internal, subconscious level, I felt that my grandfather was right. Once I asked him:
- Grandfather, can it happen that our country will soon cease to be socialist?
- What are you, granddaughter (I remember very well that with these words he hugged me and held me close)! The army will not allow, - the grandfather answered with confidence in his voice.
The officer, who gave military service more than 30-years, got to the front as a private at the end of July 1941, he ended up fighting only in December 1945 when he was in command of a company of soldiers of the NKVD in Western Ukraine, where, as you know, those who today are called "heroes" and "freedom fighters". My grandfather didn’t admit that the Soviet army would allow a counter-revolution in the country.
How many can remember, ever since I have always been a Bolshevik. For which I had repeatedly been bit in school, and later, in a military school, I even “shloped” a couple of out-of-order outfits, not wanting to sew a “three-flower” on the sleeve.
By the way, I still recognize only the Red Victory Banner with a hammer and sickle. And let no one try to impress me, they say, it does not matter that the “three stripes” made the flag of their “army” Vlasov, because this is the “Petrovsky flag”. So what?! And who is Peter I ?! - Bloody beast, debauchee, tsar-feudalist and destroyer of ancient Russian traditions !!!
But life decreed otherwise ... First, the unbeatable Soviet Army “allowed”, surrendering the country without a fight.
Karl Marx, in his 18th Brumaire Louis Bonaparte essay, wrote: “Hegel remarks somewhere that all the greats of the worldhistorical events and personalities are repeated twice: the first time as a tragedy, and the second as a farce. ” Eh, no matter what they say about the "father of communism", and the quote he quoted from Hegel, as well as possible, is applicable to the collapse of the Union.
The only difference is that in our history, farce preceded the tragedy.
I remember, when I had a lot of work (blessing, the summer holidays at school continue all three long and desirable summer months), 18 August 1991, I came home already in the evening, my mother took me aback news:
- In the country a coup.
- But what about Gorbachev? - I asked, still not understanding, to be afraid or rejoice.
- Everything. Shifted him. Now his deputy, Yanayev, is the acting officer, and, well, the military, Yazov, is also involved in all this.
Here my face swam in a wide smile.
- So, capitalism will not be? USSR saved?
“Yes, son, I think, now they will restore order,” Mom replied, but somehow somehow hesitantly. The fact is that by that time my parents also began to be disappointed in “perestroika and new thinking”.
Could we then have known that through the most insignificant for history (yes, for history — even for human life), for two days everything that happened would be just a mirage that disappears just as quickly as it does?
In those days when Yeltsin, gathering around him all the “lovers of freedom” (with the smallest small amount of gray matter in his head) and crawling with the “tricolor” (recall, previously used by the Vlasovites) to the BMP stationed at the “white house”, I approached father asked: “Dad, but why is the same Yanaev, or Yazov, or Kryuchkov, or Pugo not ordered to arrest him?” In response, the pope said something unintelligible in the spirit that bloodshed should not be allowed, etc. , etc.
Naive! How, indeed, naive! But if even adults then believed that what was happening was reality, and not a theatrical production, how could an 13-year-old teenager understand this? After just a few days, when the last hopes for the salvation of the Union were lost, we were perplexed, as the State Emergency Committee, having in its hands an army, the KGB, the police managed to lose this battle.
Later, in the 11 class (which, in fact, was supposed to be 10, we just jumped 5, going directly to 6, only one and not the most terrible of the retarded “reforms”) a respected history teacher offered us her explanation of what happened. She suggested that the “putsch” (God, another idiotic word) was just a performance staged with the knowledge (if not direct instructions) of Gorbachev. In general, I agreed with her interpretation of events, with one small remark (which I immediately made out loud) that Gorbachev in this whole "farce comedy" was just an actor, and the director of the play was most likely on another side of the Atlantic.
Let me digress and remember how I brought this poor teacher almost to tears. Well, the same fool was! - I didn’t want to understand that the requirements of the educational program hang over her, like a domoklov sword, and she can’t, no matter how much she wants, extol the Soviet power. Yes, for the mere fact that during the time of rampant theft, discord and betrayal, she dared to explain to us the basics of Marxism, she should have been thankless. I jumped up (I jumped up instead of pulling my hand) and at any opportunity did not let her curse Stalin, praised the Soviet Union, in general, the lessons of history in our 11 class often turned into our fights with her.
But, sorry, very away from the topic. More recently, on the Internet, I found a video recording of a conversation with the famous writer-historian and “odpicist” of Putin, Nikolai Starikov. Whatever the Starikov, but his version of the “putsch” of 1991, I also found it interesting. Basically, repeating the story of our teacher, he added that the performance was staged unequivocally on the direct instructions of the “tagged” (hereinafter I will call this traitor to the Motherland that way). In the opinion of the Pinophookhchitel, the then President of the USSR (also, how could the word президент President ’and the infinitely bright USSR’ smelt rotten beside him rotten? ’He himself asked his closest comrades and ministers to bring order to the country and departed to splash around Foros. And then, when I realized that the action on the stage was clearly beyond the limits of the script, I betrayed them and returned to Moscow as the “legitimate law restored”, the head of state.
In favor of the play, the fact that all the participants of the action, having got into the "Sailor's Silence", were soon pardoned, also speaks. I can not explain myself only the suicide of Interior Minister Boris Karlovich Pugo. Did he alone turned out to be "uninitiated."
However, let us leave these proceedings to archivists and historians of the future. Now back to the beginning of 90's. As most readers probably remember, the first years after the arrival of Yeltsin (more precisely, those puppeteers who pulled this filthy puppet for strings), the tension remained. It was possible to stumble people with “incense with dope” for a short while. Mass closure of factories, unemployment, non-payment of salaries for half a year (or even more) brought after the "wind of change" and the wind of sobering.
I will not describe here the confrontation between the “first democratic” president and the Supreme Council, all these quarrels and disputes about who has more power. And then, and now I'm not a bit interested in the quarrels of deputies and the disgrace of ministers. The position of a people lowered in the mud is the only question worthy of attention.
The sobering of the people, of course, could not fail to see both in the Kremlin and in the “white house”. Already at the beginning of 1992, when February 23 of Moscow riot police broke up the march in honor of the Day of the Soviet Army, it became clear to them that they would have to do something in order to gain a foothold in power, showing their strength. And, unlike the Emergency Committee, the bloodshed was still undecided, and the new “Russian” government did not hesitate. History inexorably moved on the thumb from farce to tragedy. I will never forget how some of my classmates were jubilant. Turning to me, they said: “Well, commies, you have gotten well!” Naturally, I was indignant, and, it seems, once again fought with them. Here we must make a reservation that our school was the best in the city. In Soviet times, the “dearest children” of the local party elite were sent to study there. In the case of “democracy”, the parents of many abruptly “retrained” into “businessmen” (in quotes, because these “business people” earned not building up, but plundering the state).
The hand of the “Yeltsinoids” and 1 of May of 1993 did not flinch when the same riot police bulls and horses were generously treated with clubs with the batons of the VETERANS of WAR. However, that day I had a new hope. Carefully watching what was happening on TV, I noticed that the people (including old veterans) did not give up without a fight. The dogs of the anti-people regime, armed to the teeth, at one instant even backed away. Against the rubber truncheons in the course went the flagpole of the red flags. One thing was spinning in my head: “Cowards! Dirty traitors and cowards! Why wasn’t there among you a single officer who would have ordered to turn around to raise the Victory Banner to the place of the “three flower bed” and go to storm the Kremlin ?! ”
But I really wondered about this question in October of the same year, when a glimmer of hope in our (my and my beloved, but already deceased grandfather) souls was destined to flare up again. Again, I will not describe the events of those days for the hundredth time, books have been written about it and films have been made. I will mainly share my impressions.
I will never forget how October 3, having learned about the breakthrough of the OMON cordon around the "white house", the grandfather could not resist and shed a few tears. He said then, turning to me:
- You see, the people did not suffer, rose to fight!
“Yes,” I agreed, “it’s a pity that everything is so spontaneous and unorganized.”
- Well, nothing, the main thing, is a start, but the army will support, do not hesitate.
How happy we were about this truly popular uprising! They laughed, looking at riot policemen in riot helmets with constant cudgels and machine guns who were fleeing from the “veterans” armed with boards and pipes. My grandfather and father (I remember that my mother was on a business trip) sincerely welcomed Rutsky. Eh! To know then what kind of creature he is!
One thought took hold of me: “By all means find money for a ticket and go to Moscow to take part!” - Of course, I did not find it. Yes, and go to the capital (and in those years he lived for 1000 with more than a km from it) had to be a day, i.e. in the "best" case would have arrived at a "debriefing".
As you know, the very next day on all TV channels showed how to hollow out of the "white house" tankshow Moscow is being “cleansed” of patriots who have not put up with a shameful fate and who did not want to put on a collar.
Much that I later learned from the book "Anathema", written by "Colonel Ivan Ivanov" (obviously a pseudonym) and eyewitness stories, incl. my current friend and peer, who in October 1993, being the same as me, an 15-year-old teenager, wore products to the rebels, of course, did not get on the screens. Nevertheless, they told me about the real battle that unfolded in the Ostankino park, where armored personnel carriers were shot by unarmed or lightly armed people from large-caliber machine guns, and about brutal beatings that fell into the hands of riot police. By the way, my miracle friend managed to carry off his legs - the dogs of the regime that had lost any hint of human form did not look at the gender and age of their opponents. For me, the “Beidar” is not an unfamiliar word — that same Jewish group that arrived in Moscow under the guise of “veterans of Afghanistan” and was distinguished by special atrocities (other SS men of Himmler are infants compared with these nonhumans).
And the army ... It didn’t just not come to the rescue, some of the “army men” (for what kind of soldiers they were after they had destroyed their OWN PEOPLE) took an active part in the violence and killings. After all, someone was sitting in the tanks, hitting the "white house". Once again I ask myself a question: “Fathers, fathers, what have you done!” Why, good Lord, why wasn't there a single decent regiment commander in the Moscow Military District ?! After all, in one regiment the others could have risen. And if not ... At least, such a person in our hearts would remain forever a HERO !!! Why we, the young, could not have been born on 5 years before ?! - You look, it was our contribution that would save the great power then. But ... History does not tolerate the subjunctive moods!
I want readers to understand me correctly. I am not sorry at all, neither the scum Rutskoi, nor, especially, Abrek Khasbulatov, nor even Barkashov, who honestly fought in those days (who today has struck some idiotic mysticism) honestly! The most interesting thing is that all the above-mentioned "personalities" remained safe and sound, moreover - they were soon pardoned. Is it possible that the “election” of Rutsky as governor of the Kursk region? - This is after his participation in the election campaign of 1996 on Zyuganov’s side. Uh, no, guys, misbehave! There are no such "accidents" ... It is bitter and painful for those SIMPLE RUSSIAN people who put their lives, firmly believing that they are not fighting for these "figures", but for the freedom and independence of their Homeland! For the conquest of our glorious grandfathers and great-grandfathers!
In conclusion, I want to again deviate slightly from the topic and share my opinion on the proposal to judge Gorbachev. Tell me, if even the current government would not cover this evil "marked older", which of you would be easier from the trial of him ?! - We would return the country loyal to them? - Not. Would he have been sentenced to be shot? - No, we also have a “human” state with a moratorium on the death penalty! Moreover, he would not receive life imprisonment. And, as a pensioner and a disabled person, he, even “in the zone”, is not subject to obligatory involvement in labor. Sits old ... (I will not say who, otherwise the article will not be placed) in the country house, I would sit in a separate clean cell. Would have given years 10, through 3 (this is at the most) released b.
For that matter, it’s not better (when there is such an opportunity, I can’t write more accurately, you know why) to judge all the perpetrators of the betrayal of our Great Motherland and the death of its best sons (starting with the same Barsukov and Erin and ending with the sergeant of OMON, hitting people indiscriminately) ?! “They are almost all alive and are not even going to flee abroad.” Then we will be able to give punishments to them truly worthy ...