Military Review

Who attacked first? Korean war helped US avoid economic crisis


It has been more than 63 years since the beginning of the war on the Korean Peninsula. But to this day, in the West and in Japan, there is a myth that North Korean troops attacked first. This “thesis” was heard recently and on some Russian TV channels. However, even a small excursion into the post-war 1945 shows that it was originally the United States and a group of Korean collaborators who were strongly interested in escalating the conflict in this region. Being on the Korean Peninsula, the United States could control the entire Southeast Asia, including the eastern part of the Soviet Union and China, which were the main geopolitical rivals for Washington.

The Americans developed a secret plan to unleash a war on the peninsula, which would also allow discrediting not only North Korea, but also the ideas of socialism and communism as a whole, labeling them as aggressive. The United States was extremely necessary to establish itself as the world's main fighter "for the ideals of freedom and democracy," which naturally made it easier for them to enter new markets in Africa, Asia and Latin America. There was an increase in sympathy for the Soviet Union: the rapid pace of reconstruction without any outside help showed the advantages of a planned economy over a free market. In addition, for the full-fledged work of NATO, created in April 1949, a precedent was needed that would clearly demonstrate the effectiveness of the new alliance. After that, the United States could successfully manipulate the countries of Western Europe, drawing them into a long-term "deterrence strategy."

In the US, a secret group on national security was created, led by Wall Street's former banker Paul Nietze. This group was engaged in the justification of future military aggression and determined the appropriate state for this purpose.

Previously, bets were placed on the Dropshot plan, which involved nuclear carpet bombing of the Soviet Union. But 29 August 1949 was the first explosion of the Soviet atomic bomb at the site in Semipalatinsk, the US military and political leadership, it became clear that they can get a retaliatory strike.

The conjuncture has changed. It was necessary to provoke a crisis in another country. The choice fell on Korea, in the southern part of which the pro-American puppet Lee Seung Man, who lived more than 30 years in the United States, was in power.

General MacArthur in a secret conversation with Lee Seung Mann insisted on the need to carry out an attack on North Korea before July, and the redeployment of South Korean troops, where there were American advisers, began in April 1950.

Since the majority of the deputies was not on the side of the president after the parliamentary elections in May 1950 in South Korea, this encouraged Lee Seung Man to implement this plan in accordance with the American directive. On June 17, 1950, the special envoy of US President Truman, future Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, flew to South Korea, who finally approved the plan of war. He gave the order to launch a propaganda campaign - North Korea attacked first, and at the same time launch an offensive to the north. Dulles assured: “If you stand for two weeks, then during this time the United States will have time to bring to the UN a case regarding the attack of North Korea on South Korea and will force it to mobilize an army, navy and Aviationand everything will go according to plan. ”

Dulles was one of the initiators of the formation of the United Nations as a global structure pursuing pro-American policies, which is why he relied on the role of this new organization. It is important to note that later, in the settlement of the crisis in 1953, Dulles announced the need to maintain the US military presence in South Korea in order to "help rebuild the country." He personally signed an agreement on mutual defense with Lee Seung Mann, which legally enshrined the US right to deploy its armed forces in South Korea.

In a historical letter, Lee Seung Manu Dulles wrote: "I attach great importance to the decisive role that your country can play in the great drama that is now being played." Of course, Dulles had in mind the possibility of creating a springboard for an attack on the USSR. This plan was approved at the top of the US political establishment, and it was given great importance.

In addition, intelligence reports said that North Korea is unable to defeat the troops of South Korea. The CIA reported that China was unlikely to get involved in this conflict in 1950, so Washington and Seoul were in a hurry to unleash aggression.

American historian John Gunther, who was on a trip to Japan with General MacArthur at the time, confirms the provocation from Seoul, referring to the words of an assistant American general, who excitedly reported a phone call from Seoul: "South Koreans attacked the North!"

At 4 on the morning of 25 on June 1950, a surprise attack was made all along the 38 parallel line. According to the memoirs of one of the officers of the South Korean army, “24 June 1950 was Saturday, but officers were forbidden to leave, ordered to wait for the order to start the war. On the night of June 24 received a secret order - at dawn of 25 June, go over the 38 parallel and begin military actions against North Korea. ”

In response, North Korean troops launched a massive offensive, which was the reason for the response from the United States, who immediately raised the question of military intervention in the UN. True, for some reason, it was silent that already on June 23, the South Korean air force launched strikes against its northern neighbor, and South Korean troops occupied the city of Heju.

By the way, the theme of the Korean War remains important also because this conflict can be considered practically the beginning of the Cold War (Winston Churchill’s famous Fulton speech, we recall, was sounded in 1946).

In this war, the United States followed a policy of double standards, which was distinguished by special cynicism. It was for the war in Korea and during it that the USA created special forces for conducting psychological operations.

General MacArthur ordered the formation of a small unit for psychological warfare in the G-2 division of the General Staff of the Far Eastern Command in Tokyo as early as 1947, which confirms the systematic preparation of the United States for war. The unit was headed by a retired army colonel Jay Woodall Green. He took an active part in the psychological war in the Pacific during World War II. Other members of Green's group were Colonel Myers, who had eight years of experience in the PSYWAR unit in the southwest Pacific, and Lieutenant Colonel Dalkist, who led one of the Chinese-American "teams of the world" under the command of General Marshall.

It should be noted that North Korea, with the support of the USSR, carried out a reorganization of the army and was also preparing for a conflict. Initially, both the USSR and North Korea assumed that the separation along the 38 parallel was temporary and both Koreas would eventually merge. However, in 1948, South Korea proclaimed independence. Lee Seung Man was afraid of rising patriotic and anti-American sentiments, so he tried to usurp the executive power in the country. The United States went to meet him, because they considered such a policy productive to achieve their goals. In response, North Korea also had to declare its sovereignty.

By the summer of 1951, Colonel Green's division had grown to 55 people and was renamed the psychological warfare department. By the first day of the armed conflict leaflets were ready. They were scattered by millions calling for North Korean servicemen to surrender. From the aircraft special permits were dropped to go to the territory of South Korea.

The radio worked purposefully. Loudspeakers were installed on the front line. Paul Linierger in his article "Psychological Warfare" noted: “Radio in the Korean conflict was used as a strategic goal and consolidation. Since the beginning of the war, radio has been the voice of our (USA - L.S.) military policy. An ambitious network operated from 1950-1951. directly by the Department of Psychological Warfare, and then through the First Group RB & LGroup, became known as the "Voice of Command of the United Nations". The Korean broadcasting system and the Japanese broadcasting system operated on a cooperative basis and the US government paid for airtime. ”

The result of a successful propaganda campaign conducted by the United States can be considered the official reason for the war, which to this day is followed in many countries: North Korea began the war.

It was announced about the planned nuclear bombing. Given the information that already existed about the horrific consequences in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, this led to a massive panic among North Koreans. Fearing atomic bombing, North Korean women with children often left the enemy’s territory with the permission of their husbands, because then they thought that the conflict would not last long, and they would be able to reunite. But since the majority of the adult male population was mobilized in the early days of the conflict, many families were destroyed forever.

In addition, UN troops bombed industrial sites. With the help of ground attack aircraft, they carried out raids on roads, peasant fields and columns of refugees (similar tactics were used by NATO forces in Yugoslavia in 1999). Incendiary bombs were often dropped, which turned the raids into continuous conflagrations (this element of combat operations was already used in Vietnam).

However, the tragedy struck not only the people of North Korea, but also South, where the local population had experienced all the delights of "democracy" in an American style. US troops, for example, were ordered to kill all people approaching their positions on the front line, even if they look like peaceful people. As a result of such incidents killed hundreds and thousands of civilians. The most famous incident was the shooting of refugees in the village of Nogylli in 1950.

Till now in South Korea there are cases of rapes of girls by the American soldiers who remain unpunished, and the peasants unsuccessfully demand to return their lands illegally occupied by military bases. According to statistics, from 100 thousands of crimes committed by Americans, starting with 1945, only 4% were considered in Korean courts, and in most cases, American soldiers were released with impunity, or paid compensation to victims.

Immediately after the occupation by the US troops of the territory below the 38 parallel in September 1945, the “mop-up” of unreliable elements and repression against ideological opponents began. Among them were not only former fighters with the Japanese, but also many peasants who held pro-communist views. Noam Chomsky described these dramatic events like this: “When the American troops entered Korea in 1945, they dispersed the local people's government, consisting mainly of anti-fascists, who resisted the Japanese and began to carry out cruel repression using the Japanese fascist police and Koreans, who collaborated with them during the Japanese occupation. About 100 thousand people were killed in South Korea even before what we call the Korean War, including about 40 thousand during the suppression of a peasant uprising in one small region on Jeju Island. ”

It was the inhabitants of this island who, in 1948, raised a rebellion in protest against the division of the country, and the South Korean security forces in response severely suppressed it. It was only in 2005 that the President apologized for the atrocities, calling Fr. Jeju is an "island of world peace." True, the name “peaceful” is actually nonsense, since in January 2011 there began the construction of a new US military base. According to the plan, it will occupy an area of ​​130 acres (approximately 169 of football fields) on the land of local farmers who hold protests in defense of their property, which the world media are silent about. Jeju base will be able to receive up to 20 US and South Korean warships, including submarines, aircraft carriers and destroyers, some of which will be equipped with Aegis ballistic missile defense systems.

However, returning to the events of 1950-x, we note that, despite the military losses, in terms of economics and politics, the United States achieved its goal.

The US military budget was increased by more than 50 billion dollars (i.e. almost 400%, because before the war it was about 13 billion), the army and air force numbers were doubled, and the US military bases were stationed in Europe, Middle East and Asia. In Asia itself, the ANZUS block (US-Australia-New Zealand) was created.

The US military-industrial complex received many orders, on which various industrial sectors worked. Thanks to the Korean War, M-16 automatic rifles, M-79 grenade launchers and the famous F-4 “Phantom” aircraft, later used in Vietnam, appeared, but we are unable to resist the Soviet fighters.

In 1949, it became clear for the political leadership of the United States that tough measures were needed to improve the economy - over the year industrial production fell by 15%, profits of large companies fell to 28,4 billion dollars (from 36,6 billion in 1948). about 5000 firms went bankrupt, the number of unemployed increased to 6 million people. In general, from 1948 to 1950, US unemployment rose by 130%, the national production index fell from 170 to 156 position (during the war, at the peak of mobilization production, it was at the level of 212), investment growth declined, exports a year before the start of the Korean conflict also dropped by 25%.

An economy transferred to a war footing allowed states not directly involved in the conflict to benefit more from arms sales to all other participants. The United States understood this well during World War II and immediately after it, putting all of Western Europe in geopolitical dependence with the help of the Marshall Plan. However, the volumes created earlier weapons and ammunition lay dead weight, and their production in the United States declined sharply, leading to increased unemployment and the threat of an economic downturn.

As the historian points out, Yale University professor John Gaddis in his book “The Cold War: A New история”, Published in 2005, this concept was substantiated by adviser to the President of the United States, financier Bernard Baruch, who said in 1949, that“ a massive expansion of the military industry is needed on a permanent basis. ”

The methods used by the United States to prepare for the war in Korea, during it and after the armistice, continue to remain in the arsenal of Washington, and for a full analysis of the White House’s actions it is necessary to remember historical lessons.

By the way, Baruch lobbied for the US monopoly in the nuclear field. His proposals, known as the “Baruch plan,” consisted in banning the manufacture and use of nuclear weapons by all the states of the world, while peaceful studies were to be carried out under the control of international structures. In fact, this plan was aimed at establishing complete US domination in this area, since Washington was not going to destroy its nuclear weapons.

American writer William Engdahl noted that "the US Department of Defense has become the world's largest contractor, placing orders for billions of dollars in American and selected European and Japanese industries to support" combat readiness. " The result of the Korean war for Germany was permission to begin the restoration of the Ruhr steel industry. The military-industrial complex expanded to a gigantic scale during the 1950s. The Cold War was launched on a grand scale, and Standard Oil became a great benefactor, providing fuel to the Air Force, Tanks, jeeps, fighters and other Pentagon vehicles. In the internal American economy, politicians quickly realized that they could push almost any program through Congress if it contained words about "American national security" and "defense against totalitarian godless communism."

The warmongers of war from the White House and Wall Street were skimming off the Korean conflict. It is noteworthy that the main investor in the war was the National City Bank, which controlled Rockefeller, and his attorney John Foster Dallas was on the board of directors of the New Korea Company in Seoul.

Thus, the war in Korea became a turning point in the realization of the geopolitical ambitions of the United States, which ensured their further advancement of their interests in all corners of the world.

And the seeds of misinformation, sown more than 60 years ago, continue to bear fruit, which help to justify the atrocities committed by the United States under the UN auspices not only in Korea, but also in many subsequent conflicts. It can be said that aggression against Libya and Syria, the manipulation of the terrorist underground and radical Islamists in the countries of the Middle East, Central Asia and the Caucasus have the same customers - Wall Street and the White House, which from time to time change tactics of actions, but not the strategy, aimed at global dominance.
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  1. svp67
    svp67 31 August 2013 08: 26
    Well, what can you say - the "American" story is common ... It's good that even now the whole world is tired of it ...
    1. Cyber7
      Cyber7 31 August 2013 11: 35
      Quote: svp67
      she is tired of the whole world

      "Tired" is too little. Until now, Obama, the winner of the Peace Prize, can say "I already understand everything" and bomb a country for "prevention".
      Until this world aggressor is satisfied with a hefty thrashing, it will not become calmer in the world.
      1. Very old
        Very old 31 August 2013 11: 38
        There is a Nobel. There is a CORK. It's time to hand him a second!
        1. smile
          smile 31 August 2013 13: 42
          Very old
          It’s time to give him the aspen count ... as the leader of the state of vampires who cannot live without human blood ... :)))
          1. fklj
            fklj 31 August 2013 21: 42
            Simplify the thought. Isn't it time to get them counted? smile
          2. Revolver
            Revolver 31 August 2013 22: 07
            Honestly, if you manage to put Obama on a stake, aspen or from any other material, I will not cry, and quite a few people in America will be sincerely happy. That's just extremely doubtful that you will be able to get to it.
            1. smile
              smile 1 September 2013 02: 26
              So, who argues something .... but what does a person without a dream mean .... :)))) even that ... :)))) you understand that we are joking, especially since we are in large numbers , not prone to atrocities, this is unpleasant and pointless .... :))))) Usually, when educating their Oswalds, the Americans completely dispensed with our help ... and nothing .... alas, this is your piglet, you and that. .. educate .... :))) we have enough of our own, whom it is worth raising .... :)))
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. aviator46
      aviator46 1 September 2013 00: 08
      But the usual Soviet))
      The USSR provided great military assistance to North Korea.
      The DPRK, in response to the armament of South Korea, also continued to build up its military power, organizing the army according to the Soviet model and under the leadership of Soviet military advisers.
      An important role was also played by ethnic Koreans from China, veterans of the Chinese Red Army, who, with the consent of Beijing, were transferred to serve in the North Korean armed forces.
      Thus, by the beginning of 1950, the North Korean armed forces were superior to the South Korean in all key components.
      Finally, in January 1950, after considerable hesitation and yielding to Kim Il Sung's insistent assurances, Stalin agreed to conduct a military operation.
      Details were agreed upon during Kim Il Sung’s visit to Moscow in March-April 1950, and the final offensive plan was prepared by Soviet advisers by the end of May.
      On January 2, 1950, US Secretary of State Dean Acheson announced ... that Korea was not in the immediate area of ​​US public interest.
      This fact added determination to the North Korean government in unleashing an armed conflict, and helped to convince Stalin that U.S. military intervention in the Korean conflict was unlikely. North Korean troops, under cover of artillery, crossed the border with their southern neighbor on June 25, 1950.
      The number of land groups trained by Soviet military advisers was 135 thousand people, it included 150 T-34 tanks.
      The North Korean government said that the "traitor" Lee Seung Man treacherously invaded the territory of the DPRK. The advance of the North Korean army in the early days of the war was highly successful. Already on June 28, the capital of South Korea, the city of Seoul, was captured.
      The main areas of impact included Keson, Chuncheon, Yijonbu and Onjin. Gimpo Seoul Airport was completely destroyed. However, the main goal was not achieved - a quick victory did not work, Lee Seung Manu and a significant part of the South Korean leadership managed to escape and leave the city. The mass uprising that the North Korean leadership was counting on did not happen either. However, by mid-August, up to 90% of the territory of South Korea was occupied by the DPRK army.

      The attack on South Korea was unexpected for the United States and other Western countries: just a week before it, on June 20, Dean Acheson of the State Department in his report to Congress said that war was unlikely. Truman was informed of the start of the war a few hours after it started ..... etc.
      1. Cyber7
        Cyber7 1 September 2013 20: 03
        Beautifully expressed own think.
        Compare with War
        They think word for word like you.
    4. cdrt
      cdrt 2 September 2013 13: 27
      I read an article in the hope of reading some FACTS confirming that the war began Yu. Korea. I thought - maybe there is really something new that I have never seen before.

      NOT A FACT.

      About the statements that Yu. Korea attacked first - the first thing that came to my mind: Gleivits, Mainila - incidents about which the real aggressor shouted that he attacked in the form of self-defense.
      So here - the course of the war showed well who was the real aggressor.

      As for the onset of the offensive, here is a description from a rather dry chronicle:

      The KPA troops occupied the areas of the upcoming attack by June 0.00 at 25 am. At 4.40 in the morning, after 40 minutes of air raid and artillery shelling, about 75 thousand infantrymen rushed to the attack with the support of tanks. KPA attack for South Koreans was a complete surprise

      In general -, continuous propaganda cliches and lamentations about the crimes of the American and Seoul military.
      Hmm ... 30 years late article.

      Bottom line - there are no facts in the article, there are no links to decent enough sources either, propaganda and nothing more.
      In short - everyone in the world is well aware that S. Korea attacked South Korea and the article, unfortunately, did not refute this. What a pity.
  2. usinsk
    usinsk 31 August 2013 14: 19
    woe-warriors Yankees .... only money everywhere and everywhere .... From money they will die .... rotten nation.
  3. pinecone
    pinecone 31 August 2013 17: 45
    Judging by the actions of the parties in the initial period of the war, both South Korea and North Korea were preparing for the offensive. On this issue, Kim Il Sung turned to Stalin for advice, who recommended him to stand on the defensive and prepare for a counterattack.
  4. Revolver
    Revolver 31 August 2013 22: 00
    Quote: from article
    “The military-industrial complex grew to gigantic proportions during the 1950s. The Cold War was launched on a grand scale, and Standard Oil became a great benefactor, fueling the air force, tanks, jeeps, fighters and other Pentagon vehicles. "

    But this is bad luck - Standard Oil could not profit from the Korean War, since back in 1911 it was liquidated by the verdict of the Supreme Court as an illegal monopoly. And if afftap so sloppy about individual facts, somehow doubts creep into the whole article.
    1. cdrt
      cdrt 2 September 2013 13: 31
      But this is bad luck - Standard Oil could not profit from the Korean War, since in 1911 it was liquidated by the Supreme Court as an illegal monopoly

      This fact is widely known only to those who know the story. laughing
      The author clearly does not apply to such.
      Ordinary propagandist.
      There are no facts, there are many words, lamentations.
  5. stroporez
    stroporez 31 August 2013 22: 38
    I really hope that Syria will become a grave digger for America .......... let death enter their homes ......
  6. clidon
    clidon 1 September 2013 19: 22
    If you study (as the author) the history of North Korean textbooks, then you should start by studying the course of the Second World War. You will not be surprised to find there any serious role of the Soviet troops, all of Korea was liberated exclusively by the partisans of Kim Il Sung.
    So here too - an ominous secret provocation is being prepared (the details of which are magically known in detail) and at the same time there is no real military buildup from the south (and the US Army). As a result, "a little more a little more" and the southerners would be thrown into the sea.
    1. Cyber7
      Cyber7 1 September 2013 22: 21
      Dear, can you even imagine what a war is on the peninsula? When you captured 90% of the territory, and suddenly the enemies began to land everywhere along the coast, which is 70% of the border of your country?
      If the states did not begin to land along the entire coast (including in the deep rear of the northerners), now no one would know about the 38th parallel.
      I would gladly give you a "minus", but I don't play these games.
      1. clidon
        clidon 1 September 2013 22: 53
        I can imagine what landing operations are and that they are extremely risky. And in general, the war for the most part was traditionally positional, although the Incheon landing operation agreed, it was an extremely successful affair. But she could not.
        And now you are preparing for a provocation, but do not prepare at all, bet everything on the fact that such an adventure will save you. Believe it?
        1. Cyber7
          Cyber7 1 September 2013 23: 10
          Damn, well, here again, money for the fish.
          I will explain again and nowhere is simpler.
          Your entire army (which requires food, equipment and ammunition) is killing the enemy in the very south of the peninsula. And suddenly, an enemy surpassing you in strength landed in the deep rear for you. Cuts off your rear and captures your wagons. And he does it with complete impunity, since your whole army is in the south (as I said). Your actions?
          It is not that landing on an unprotected shore is risky for the enemy. The fact is that you simply do not have the strength to protect the entire coast.
          The positional war was before the landing of the Americans. After the landing, there was simply no war.
          It's clear?
          1. clidon
            clidon 2 September 2013 16: 13
            Well, I have to clearly repeat again.
            Are you going to deliberately deliberately tease the enemy so that he seizes 95% of your territory, and then to land troops in the rear? And hastily put together from what is and without reserves at its disposal? In the landing, depending on the weather and the willingness of the enemy to his "meeting". That’s exactly what all provocateurs do - they put everything on luck, deliberately ruining an ally? And if the northerners didn’t go so heady to the south, and at first let’s say they would gain a foothold on the Cheonnan-Kanyn line? Tryndets kitten (that is, an ominous plan)?
            Or was it more logical to build up joint strike forces on the peninsula, bring up weapons and ammunition, arrange a provocation and, having attacked the northerners, capture the peninsula? How is this always done in such cases.

            PS. And, of course, after the landing the war continued and went on for almost three more years. The entry of China (and the USSR) on the side of the northerners, stupid Yankees, too, for some reason, did not count.
        2. cdrt
          cdrt 2 September 2013 14: 29
          Well, why is the Incheon operation a gamble?
          The Americans, thank God, learned to conduct them during the WWII to the level of a clockwork.
          Moreover, the WWII lesson looked like this - there is no way to stop a competently prepared naval landing operation. In other words, the precise coordination of naval artillery, landing and aviation broke any arbitrarily strong defense.
          So ... they justifiably expected success from the Incheon MAO. Another thing is that on the coast, far from the ships, the marines are no longer the strongest units, and the Army has shown its traditional leisureliness (Patton was not already on them).
          1. clidon
            clidon 2 September 2013 16: 23
            The landing requires the addition of a very large number of factors, at least good weather and secrecy. And about the "impossibility to stop", it is already completely frivolous. Certainly impossible if you have a 10-fold advantage in firepower and manpower. Did the Americans have it? There were 40 thousand paratroopers against 3-6 thousand northerners. Only on condition that the nearly 170-strong Pyongyang group was not aware of where and when the enemy would land.
  7. studentmati
    studentmati 1 September 2013 22: 47
    Korean War Helps US Avoid Economic Crisis

    Any war stimulates the economy. But in fact, such an incentive is deadly. In the current situation, the United States has long been trapped, they have less and less incentive for the economy every day, except for the production of weapons. And all this production rests on a hyped paper dollar, which weak countries continue to buy and store in myriad quantities. But how many rope do not curl, and the end will be. And it will be very scary for everyone!
    1. cdrt
      cdrt 2 September 2013 14: 37
      Any war stimulates the economy. But in fact, such an incentive is deadly.

      The history of overcoming the crisis of all large economies without exception during the preparation and conduct of WWII does not confirm your statement.
      True, it is necessary to clarify a little, and apparently support a few Marxist classics, in addition to the effects of concentration of resources, maximum use of assets, the degree of exploitation of workers usually sharply increases in the framework of a mobilization economy.
      Examples: Germany in the 1930s - the working day reached 14,9 hours. USSR in preparation for and conducting the Second World War - the amount of working time also increased significantly.
      1. studentmati
        studentmati 2 September 2013 22: 19
        Quote: cdrt
        The history of overcoming the crisis of all large economies without exception during the preparation and conduct of WWII does not confirm your statement.
        True, it is necessary to clarify a little, and apparently support a few Marxist classics, in addition to the effects of concentration of resources, maximum use of assets, the degree of exploitation of workers usually sharply increases in the framework of a mobilization economy.
        Examples: Germany in the 1930s - the working day reached 14,9 hours. USSR in preparation for and conducting the Second World War - the amount of working time also increased significantly.

        To be honest, I did not understand why you disagree with my opinion? More precisely, I did not understand your explanations! Your disagreement is your position!