Military Review

A Brief History of His Majesty's Life Guards Hussars

49
A Brief History of His Majesty's Life Guards HussarsWhere do the hussars come from?


The first hussars appeared around 1550 of the year in Hungary, 330 years ago, counting from our time, and therefore still, in all states, the hussar uniform is nothing but the Hungarian folk costume (attire).

The word hussar in Hungarian means a flying horseman. And indeed, the first hussars were strong and agile riders. They gathered in squads (in the regiments) to repel the various enemies with whom Hungary had to fight, and constantly won. The glory of the Hungarian hussars soon spread throughout Europe and, little by little, all the peoples first neighboring with Hungary, such as the Poles, the Serbs, and then others brought in their own hussars modeled on the Hungarian ones. All the hussars of that time wore wings on the back of the uniform, as a consequence of their very name: the flying riders.

Where do Russian hussars come from?

In Russia, hussars appeared for the first time in the reign of Emperor Peter the Great, in the year 1723.

Under Peter the Great, many residents came to Russia from Serbia, a neighboring Slavic land. They settled in Ukraine, i.e. in the south of Russia. Since these Serbs had many horses and were excellent riders, the emperor ordered to form a hussar regiment among them, including 340 men. After Peter the Great of these hussars, little by little, many regiments were formed, but they all consisted of foreigners: Serbs and other Slavs. So, in the 1762 year, in the year when the Empress Catherine II (Assassin Catherine II) took the throne (who died in the 1796 year), the hussar regiments were already 12 number, and they all settled in the south of Russia, i.e. in Ukraine and the Ukraine.

A distinctive feature of the hussars of that time was that they wore long mustaches and temples, combed on the back of the head, while all other mustache troops were not allowed to go, but ordered to wear powdered wigs. Hussar officers, though they were in wigs, wore only a long stitch on the left side.

Foundation of the Hussar Squadron

In 1775, 21 in March, Empress Catherine II ordered Major Shterich to form for her convoy the Life-Hussar squadron, choosing the best people and horses from the 12-Hussar regiments that existed at that time in southern Russia. Major Sterich in that year introduced the squad formed by him to the Empress in Moscow and was appointed commander of this squadron.

From Moscow the life hussars were transferred to Petersburg, where they stood during the entire reign of Empress Catherine; she never went out on solemn occasions and out of the city unless accompanied by a platoon of the Leib-Hussar squadron.

In 1796, the Emperor Pavel I, at his accession to the throne, ordered from the Leib-Hussar squadron to form a four-squadron regiment, the commander of which appointed Lieutenant-Colonel Kologrivov. At the same time, the Emperor transferred the regiment to the cities of Tsarskoye Selo and Pavlovsk, and ordered the first squadron to be called His Majesty's squadron.

Military operations of the Life Hussars

The first campaign in which the regiment participated was the war of Russia together with Austria against the French emperor Napoleon I, in 1805. In the battle of Austerlitz, the Hussars knocked over and scattered the French Guards cavalry, and, by the swiftness of their attacks, surprised Napoleon himself. Then, in the 1807 year, the Leib Hussars again marched Napoleon, and in the battle of Friedland, again crushed the French cavalry and saved the retreat of our army. From this campaign, the life hussars returned with 112 to St. George's crosses.

In the Patriotic War in 1812, when Napoleon invaded inside Russia, the Leib-Hussars regiment covered himself with the new glory of military prowess. Throughout the war, he was in many fights with the French cavalry, namely, in three major battles, such as: at Vitebsk, Borodino, and Red. When Red beat off the enemy's battery and banner. As a reward for the differences shown in the Patriotic War, the Life-Gusarsky regiment was granted by the Emperor Alexander I three St. George standards. When Napoleon was expelled from Russia, Emperor Alexander I decided to pursue the enemy right up to France itself, and answered all peace proposals that he would sign the world only in Paris. As a result, the Life Hussars, together with the whole Guard, moved to France. It was in 1813. For over a year, our troops had to fight the French. And as the war moved to the localities of other states, especially to Germany, the life hussars, who were in the forefront almost all the time, with dignity supported their military glory, with an exemplary performance of the outpost and intelligence services.

Our regiment was particularly distinguished in two bloody battles: under Kulm and under Leipzig, where our brave regimental commander, Lieutenant General Shevich, was killed with a core during an attack at the head of the regiment. In this glorious business, we lost officers: three killed and six seriously wounded.

Continuation of the war with the French in 1814 year

From Germany, Napoleon fled to France. Our troops followed him. In France, again, the life hussars participated in many glorious battles that ended in constant defeat of the enemy, and finally, on March 19, 1814, entered Paris together with the whole guard, which surrendered to our troops after a two-day battle. Napoleon himself surrendered to our sovereign a few days later. This was followed by the performance of Russian troops from Paris to Russia, and the life hussars arrived in the city of Tsarskoye Selo in the next year, 1815.

Hike to Turkey

The next campaign, in which the Leib-Hussar Regiment participated, was a war against Turkey, in 1828 and 1829, in the reign of Emperor Nikolai Pavlovich. Having arrived in Turkey, the life hussars stood in reserve for a whole year, on the Danube River, but they were not in action. In memory of the Turkish campaign, the lower ranks were presented with special medals.

In Poland

Two years later, namely in 1830, the life hussars again advanced from Tsarskoye Selo against rebellious Poland. Here, our regiment, until the capture of Warsaw, constantly kept outposts from the Guards Corps and was in hot combat with the insurgent cavalry almost daily. Finally, near Warsaw, the Life Hussars covered themselves with new glory - during the battle under the walls of the city, the Life-Dragoon Regiment (now the Horse-Grenadier) suddenly found himself surrounded by three Polish cavalry regiments. The dragoons fought back with desperate courage; the regimental commander was wounded with a saber in the head, almost all the officers were killed and the shafts at the standard were cut, and the standard non-commissioned officers were chopped; the regiment perished. At this time, the commander of the Hussars, Senior Colonel Musin-Pushkin, struck with his regiment against the Poles already triumphant. Started terrible cutting. The rebels fled and sought salvation in the walls of Warsaw itself, where they jumped through the gap. Hussars rushed after them. The brave captain of the Blind, injured in 12 places and covered with blood all over, with his 5 squadron, first broke into the city and cut Poles in disorder on the streets to the right and left. But, having flown into Warsaw, the hussars could not turn back, and therefore they rushed straight and jumped out into the opposite gate. Although the Polish regiments were destroyed, the dragoons were rescued and the standards were repulsed by hussars, but for that we suffered great damage: lost the captain Sleptsov and four officers, besides, 47 people of the lower ranks and 142 horses were lost. For the feat of this, the Emperor Nikolai Pavlovich granted the regiment silver pipes with St. George ribbons and with the inscription: "For the capture of Warsaw on August 26 on August 1831"

Hike to Hungary

In 1848, our regiment again marched against Hungary, but only managed to cross the border, as Hungary was already subdued by our other troops.

In 1855, Emperor Nicholas I died, and the successfully reigning Sovereign Emperor Alexander Nikolaevich took the throne. Our regiment became known as the Life Guards Hussars of His Majesty's regiment, as the Sovereign was appointed chief of the Life Hussars regiment at his birth, which he commanded several times both at the shows and at the trainings.

Hike during the Crimean War

When the Emperor safely reigned in the Emperor, in the Crimean War, His Majesty's Life Guards Hussars regiment marched to Poland, where he stood on the Austrian border with 1854 to 1856 the year in which he returned to Tsarskoye Selo. On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the patronage of the regiment of the Sovereign Emperor Alexander Nikolaevich, held on 17 on April 1868, the Life-Guard Hussars of His Majesty's regiment received a standard.

Centenary Jubilee Regiment

19 February The 1875 regiment celebrated the centenary of its existence. Sovereign Emperor was pleased to see representatives of all times on the holiday, and therefore a foot platoon was appointed, the lower ranks of which were dressed in all forms worn by life hussars from 1775 onwards.

The holiday began with a prayer service, after which the Emperor Andrew's ribbons, granted to the regiment that day, were hung on the standard by the Emperor. Then the regiment went through a ceremonial march with alternating gaits, and the Emperor deigned to personally command the parade. At the end of the ceremony, His Majesty turned to the regiment and said: "Thank you hussars for your 100-year-old brave and loyal service," and calling the regiment commander Baron Meindorf, the commander of His Majesty's squadron, Colonel Oliva and the regimental adjutant Prince Vyazemskoy, congratulated them adjutants. The words of the King Chef forever have hit the hearts of the hussars and they will remember the speech of the beloved Monarch to the grave.

Hike to Turkey 1877 of the year

In 1877, the war broke out with the Turks. It seemed that the Guards Corps would not participate in this glorious campaign. Our brave army with its Commander-in-Chief heads the Danube near Zimnitsa. The Turkish cities of Nikopol, Tarnovo, Gabrovo, Selvi, Lovcha and others surrender one after another to our heroes - General Gurko, at the head of an insignificant detachment, passes the Balkans and dashing raids into Juranli, Eski Zagr, Yeni Zagr and Andrianopol, surprises Russia and Europe. But at Pleven, on our right flank, formidable clouds gather, the movement ahead stops. All efforts to seize this fortified camp remain in vain. Several times, the brave regiments of the 9 and 11 of the army corps are trying to take the city by storm, but all in vain.

Here the guard was destined to commemorate their combat activities for the first time. Indeed, upon the arrival of the Guard in Turkey, it is directly directed to Pleven, namely, to Mountain Dubnyak. On October 12, the Egersky and Life Guards Hussars regiments were ordered to seize the village of Telish, the bloody battle continues for 5 hours, the hussars attack several times.

The brave lieutenant, Snezhkov at the head of the squadron, jumps over the trenches occupied by the Turks, chops him right and left, and thereby produces panic and alarm in the Turkish army. Hussars everywhere show amazing courage. By evening, the hussars advance, cover the rangers' retreat, and, dismounting under a hail of bullets, gather the wounded and the dead. For this case, the Emperor granted the difference to the regiment: on the caps there is an inscription for Telish on October 12. After Telish the regiment comes out with avant-garde on the Sofia highway, taking part in many battles. The regiment always contains an outpost and intelligence service. With numerous clashes with the Circassians, Bashibuzaks and the Turkish cavalry, extraordinary courage, dashingness and knowledge of cavalry are everywhere. In one of these skirmishes, the regimental adjutant lieutenant Count Vladimir Bobrinsky was killed by everyone, beloved and respected by the regimental regiment.

Then the regiment proceeds in winter after the extraordinary difficulties of the Balkans near Amur Gach, and directly engage in battle with the Turks, namely, during the Dolniy Komarts, Sofia and Filipopol and other places. Everywhere the hussars show amazing courage and thus preserved their centuries-old military glory in the eyes of the Tsar and the fatherland. In 1878, the regiment was already returning to Tsarskoye Selo.
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  1. avt
    avt 17 August 2013 09: 55 New
    -11
    laughing ,, A distinctive feature of the hussars of that time was that they wore a long mustache and whiskey, " laughing Yes, I would simply write - PACE, but if you take into account that the Ugrians - the Hungarians migrated with Attila from the Volga, so the word hussars is quite consonant with the Khazars, hence the hairstyles, like an echo of the Old Testament religion, should not be confused with later Judaism.
    1. Tykta
      Tykta 18 August 2013 11: 30 New
      +2
      wear a mustache, wear - not sts !!)))
    2. Zybrov
      Zybrov 18 August 2013 19: 57 New
      +2
      And what does the Huns of Atilla and the Khazars have to do with ?? these peoples existed at different times. Is it the same as comparing, for example, Scythians and Tatars "with absolutely different people, so what are both nomadic, so what are both nomadic in Crimea ??
    3. Dovmont
      Dovmont 18 August 2013 21: 22 New
      0
      Linguistically, "hussars" and "Khazars" do not interact. Then you bent a little. And not all Khazars had paisas, but only the elite, which came under the influence of the Rakhdonites!
    4. Asan Ata
      Asan Ata 18 August 2013 22: 48 New
      +1
      The Khazar Khaganate arose in the 7th century, and the Huns lasted until the 6th century, so it does not fit. Among the Khazars, Judaism was the religion of only a small handful of rulers, at the same time, the whole people professed the religion of the steppes and, by the way, Byzantium before Christianity - Tengrianism. This was clearly confirmed by excavations in the steppes where Khazaria used to be. A long mustache is still popular among Hungarians, though the paisas were not seen there))))).
      1. TuKta
        TuKta 19 August 2013 05: 18 New
        -1
        you are poorly oriented in the era of the late Neolithic) with which I congratulate you))) it doesn’t matter when someone appeared earlier - Attilla or the Huns, Huns or Attilla, neither of these have anything to do with the Mprotengars, some scientists consider the Magyars migrated to 7 -9 centuries of our era, in those days when the coming of the Kipchaks began ... but this is from the field of developing scientific versions and has nothing to do with you, just scientific journalism
  2. biglow
    biglow 17 August 2013 10: 26 New
    +1
    - In 1855, Emperor Nicholas II passed away. They settled in Ukraine, i.e. in the south of Russia. All of them settled in the south of Russia, i.e. in Ukraine and Little Russia.
    - it seems that the student wrote an article
    1. wheel
      wheel 17 August 2013 18: 08 New
      -2
      Perhaps just a typo. Admins let correct
      1. 77bor1973
        77bor1973 17 August 2013 22: 27 New
        +2
        I stopped confusing Nicholas II with the first in the 8th grade.
  3. psdf
    psdf 17 August 2013 10: 36 New
    +4
    Author, learn Russian. Do not imitate the Ukrainian priests.
  4. gura
    gura 17 August 2013 11: 44 New
    -2
    From Minsk. Kindergarten!
  5. kagorta
    kagorta 17 August 2013 12: 35 New
    +5
    One of the options for the appearance of the word hussar came from the principle of manning in Hungary, one rider with a horse and weapons, twenty yards were to be put up. Husz ar in Hungarian means the twentieth yard.
  6. Sergey Medvedev
    Sergey Medvedev 17 August 2013 16: 33 New
    +9
    Guys, the article was written in 1880. What are the claims to style? Respect our ancestors, including the author of the article. In terms of meaning - he is a soldier in this regiment, and not a writer. I am interested in the article. And then already tired of topics about geyropu and geymeriku.
    1. biglow
      biglow 18 August 2013 13: 47 New
      0
      Quote: Sergey Medvedev
      Guys, the article was written in 1880. What are the claims to style? Respect our ancestors, including the author of the article. In terms of meaning - he is a soldier in this regiment, and not a writer. I am interested in the article. And then already tired of topics about geyropu and geymeriku.

      What year was the article written? in 1880? you read how they wrote in those days, this article does not draw on such antiquity, and the word Ukraine in those days was not an input, because Novorossia is Russia and was without any reservations, and so on. A schoolboy wrote an article, the lexicon on a more adult person does not pull
  7. washi
    washi 17 August 2013 16: 47 New
    +2
    The word hussar in Hungarian means a flying horseman. And indeed, the first hussars were strong and agile riders. They gathered in squads (in the regiments) to repel the various enemies with whom Hungary had to fight, and constantly won. The glory of the Hungarian hussars soon spread throughout Europe and, little by little, all the peoples first neighboring with Hungary, such as the Poles, the Serbs, and then others brought in their own hussars modeled on the Hungarian ones. All the hussars of that time wore wings on the back of the uniform, as a consequence of their very name: the flying riders.
    Or maybe the Hungarians first met with Our Nomads? Tatars, Kalmyks, Bashkirs, etc. A so-called wings - prevented throwing a lasso on a horseman?
    Hungarians (Hungarian) not just escaped from our territory. And then they got it.
    1. Marek Rozny
      Marek Rozny 20 August 2013 22: 25 New
      0
      Hungarians - that is historians, that ordinary people, that politicians - consider themselves relatives of the Tatars, Bashkirs and other Turks (especially Kazakhs) you mentioned. Although the majority of people in the formation of the Hungarian nation were of Finno-Ugric origin, the Turkic ethnic component dominated, therefore mentally (and culturally; but not linguistically) they are really closer to the Turkic nomads than to the Finno-Ugric.
      Many words in the Hungarian language come from the Turkic language. The etymology of the word "hussar" has several different interpretations. One of them, by the way, is Turkic. This word in Turkic means "brave, bully, brave." Compare the modern Kazakh word "kaisar" (by the way, this is also the name of the badge of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Kazakhstan, which is awarded to the best troops of the Internal Troops).
      “Wings” were first recorded by European historians among the Western Horde, and only then among the Hungarians. Well, and given that the Hungarians from the very beginning had close relations with the Western Turks (before Genghis Khan), and then had contacts (more precisely, military conflicts) with the Horde, it is likely that the Magyars could adopt this attribute from the Horde.
  8. washi
    washi 17 August 2013 16: 52 New
    -1
    The Life Guard is a relic of the Indian kingdom in Russia. The combat training is zero, but there are a lot of ambitions. What affected in the 1st world, and before that in the murders of the Russian Emperors.
    1. Peaceful military
      Peaceful military 17 August 2013 17: 18 New
      +5
      Dear Vasya!
      I would beware of such categoricalness.
      The story is that during Peter I and later, as you put it:
      Indian kingdom in Russia
      , the life guard, like the guard in general, became and were really ELITE Armed Forces of Russia.
      BUT!
      After the betrayal of a part of the guard officers, crowned on the 14th (26th) December of 1825, the real guard was partly defeated, partly marginalized, becoming / perverted into what you described as:
      Zero combat training, but a bunch of ambition

      That is not as flat as you have outlined. hi
      1. washi
        washi 20 August 2013 13: 35 New
        0
        I agree, but please list the wars (after Peter 1) in which the guard took part.
        I believe that the guard should go to the forefront. So it was under Peter 1
    2. Blackgrifon
      Blackgrifon 17 August 2013 21: 17 New
      +1
      Vasya! Learn the story!
      1. First of all, it was the elite of the Sun of the Empire. The guard exposed its status on the battlefields more than once.
      2. Before scornfully throwing such phrases, it is advisable to read the history of the State of Russia (at least the history of government and a description of the reforms of Catherine II and the history of the Russian Army).
      1. Tykta
        Tykta 18 August 2013 11: 28 New
        -1
        actually the elite were cuirassiers)
        1. Peaceful military
          Peaceful military 18 August 2013 13: 55 New
          +3
          Sir, let it be known to you that the most elite were the cavalry guards, and then the hussars, cuirassiers, ulans, etc. hi
          1. TuKta
            TuKta 19 August 2013 05: 24 New
            -2
            I am annoyed by amateurs like you, it’s pointless to call you sir, because your brain is hardly enough to fill my sock. cavalry guards are not a combined-arms structure, it’s like the current FSO of Putin ... whereas cuirassiers were exclusively noblemen and almost every soldier of this detachment could trace their ancestry to the seventh generation, rarely when people of unborn classes got into cuirassiers, it would be more accurate to say - bastards . the cuirassiers were so scrupulous in these matters that they equated themselves with the knights in the new conditions of the war
            1. kagorta
              kagorta 19 August 2013 06: 12 New
              -1
              You tell the cavalry guards near Austerlitz when their attack allowed you to pull out the guard and thereby save it from defeat.
              Quote: “Having come to the rescue of the Russian Guards infantry, the squeezed Guards cavalry of Rapp to the Rausnitsky stream, the cavalry guards crushed squadrons of Mamelukes and horse rangers. Rapp was thrown off his horse and fought off with a saber fragment. help in the form of 2 squadrons of horse guards under the command of Olenin broke the horse grenadiers of Marshal Bessières - 2 squadrons attacked the left, 4 - the right flank. and fiction:
              On the left bank of the Rauznitsky stream are the remains of the Cavalier Guard regiment. On the opposite bank, on a hill, stands Napoleon, surrounded by a large retinue. At the foot of the hill is his guard with the Mamelukes who have just returned from their last attack. Rapp orders the captive officers to be brought to Napoleon. To Napoleon’s question: “Who is the eldest?” - he was called Prince Repnin. "Your name?" asked Napoleon. - "Prince Repnin." - "Are you the commander of the Cavalier Guard regiment of Emperor Alexander?" - "I commanded a squadron of the Cavalry Guard regiment." “Your regiment honestly performed its duty.” - "The praise of the great commander is the best reward to the soldier." - "With pleasure I give it to you. And what kind of young man is this with you?" “This is the son of General Suhtelen. He serves as a cornet in my squadron.” - "He too young decided to compete with us." "Youth does not stop being brave!" - boldly answered Sukhtelen. “Good answer, young man! You will go far.”
              The cavalry guards on that day lost 13 officers, 226 lower ranks and 13 non-combatant out of approximately 800 people killed, wounded and captured. But the Russian guard infantry managed to cross the stream and was saved.
              1. TuKta
                TuKta 19 August 2013 15: 34 New
                0
                I don’t understand you - have you been banned on Google or on the wiki ?!
                You are brazenly lying, pulling out some quotes from obscure sources and rejecting the fact that the cavalry guards were the protection of the Russian Tsar ... why are you doing this, for what ?! prove that I'm wrong ?! well - I'm wrong, the cavalry guards are the elite, and the cuirassiers are the purulent ducks who licked the horses of the cavalry guards below the tail while they broke the bivouac in order to penetrate their authenticity ... are you satisfied ?! neither facts nor logic exist for you, only the opinion of a narcissistic baboon ...

                The cavalry guards first appeared on March 30, 1724 in the form of an honorary convoy of Empress Catherine I, formed on the day of her coronation. The sovereign himself assumed the rank of their captain; the officers were generals and colonels, the corporals were lieutenant colonels, and the rank and file (60 people) were selected from the most tall and representative chief officers. This cavalry guard company was given a special elegant form, silver trumpets and timpani. At the end of the coronation celebrations, she was disbanded.

                Empress Catherine I on April 30, 1726 restored the "cavalry guard", assuming the title of her captain, but in 1731 the cavalry guard was again disbanded.
                Cavalierguard Tunic (1793)

                Under Empress Elizabeth there was no cavalry guard at all, but during the coronation and other court celebrations, the ranks of the life campaign put on the Petrine cavalry uniform.

                I repeat once again - cavalry guards are not combat units, cavalry guards are units guarding the person of royal blood, making up the guard of honor and military retinue in parades and ceremonies. the fact that they had a clash near Austerlitz does not equate them to combined arms units, since their main task at that time was to guard Tsar Alexander ... that they recaptured their infantry - well done, but I repeat - cavalry guards are the nobles that make up the king’s armed retinue
              2. TuKta
                TuKta 19 August 2013 15: 58 New
                0
                and finally explain to me why the guard was dressed in cuirass?
          2. washi
            washi 20 August 2013 13: 41 New
            0
            The elite was a simple peasant Vanya. (the elite are the best). And these court rumps could only spread their fingers
        2. 77bor1973
          77bor1973 18 August 2013 13: 55 New
          0
          The cuirassier had its own, rather narrow, tasks on the battlefield, and the hussars are a universal tool - for all trades from boredom ...
          1. Peaceful military
            Peaceful military 18 August 2013 14: 09 New
            0
            Dear Boris!
            Totally agree with you.
            In our military affairs, there is the so-called narrow specialization (as A. I. Raikin called it). hi
          2. chehywed
            chehywed 18 August 2013 20: 53 New
            +1
            Quote: 77bor1973
            The cuirassier had its own, rather narrow, tasks on the battlefield, and the hussars are a universal tool - for all trades from boredom ...

            At that time, cavalry was divided into light (hussars, ulans) and heavy (cuirassiers, dragoons). Easy for reconnaissance, providing flanks and pursuing the defeated, heavy or linear for breaking through battle formations. It is clear that these functions were not always respected in battles.
        3. Alekseev
          Alekseev 18 August 2013 14: 17 New
          +2
          What kind of cuirassiers were considered "elite"?
          Army or guard? wink
          Do not get confused in concepts and learn Russian military history!
        4. Blackgrifon
          Blackgrifon 18 August 2013 17: 27 New
          +1
          Quote: Tykta
          actually the elite were cuirassiers)


          The elite was the whole guard. Regardless of the type and type of troops.
          1. Alex 241
            Alex 241 18 August 2013 17: 41 New
            0
            Honor guard from the cavalry guards at the coronation of Nicholas 2, to the left the notorious Mannerheim.
            1. Peaceful military
              Peaceful military 18 August 2013 21: 14 New
              +1
              I have a friend, a Finn, in the past an officer of the propaganda department (colleague), so he simultaneously “drags himself” and disowns this photo. laughing
              1. Alex 241
                Alex 241 18 August 2013 21: 19 New
                0
                Why? laughing ...................
                1. Peaceful military
                  Peaceful military 19 August 2013 06: 00 New
                  0
                  Mannerheim is their national symbol, but here he is ...
          2. Peaceful military
            Peaceful military 18 August 2013 17: 56 New
            +3
            I recall V. Pikul "Three ages of Okini-san," a description of the Tsushima massacre,
            - This is "Alexander III", he got ... poor thing.
            Not that struck Kokovtsev - another! On the bridge of the battleship, in very calm poses, like summer residents on the veranda, officers were leaning on the handrails, talking peacefully, and around them everything collapsed, everything perished in flame.
            “The Guard,” said Kokovtsev. - God help them.
            GUARD!
            1. Alex 241
              Alex 241 18 August 2013 18: 10 New
              +2
              Andrew, as usual +. As soon as the flagship battleship “Prince Suvorov” failed the squadron and rolled to the right, “Emperor Alexander III” led the squadron, taking on concentrated fire from the enemy forces. About 15 hours 20 minutes, the battleship "Emperor Alexander III" also became covered in smoke from the explosions of Japanese shells and fires.

              Masts and pipes were quickly knocked down on an armadillo. A large underwater hole appeared on its starboard side, so he began to roll and lose speed. Smoke from the fire at the wheelhouse and smoke from broken pipes on the move crawled along the ship, sometimes even wrapping it in black clubs.

              It is still not known what happened in the conning tower of the ship, and who commanded it, as senior officers failed. Only one thing is known for certain: the heroic crew continued the battle until the ship died.





              Guards crew captain 1st rank N. Bukhvostov,
              the commander of the squadron battleship "Emperor Alexander III".
              Book: V.Ya. Krestyaninov, A.A. Tron, K.P. Huber Tsushima. Requiem Chronicle, Faces of Russia, St. Petersburg, 2007.



              By evening, all ships, with the exception of the rear detachment of Nebogatov, were badly damaged, but the battleship “Emperor Alexander III” had the saddest look. His roll to the starboard side was huge and everything was increasing. Then the non-rudder ship circulated and stood last in the column of the armored squad. During the forced circulation (towards the armadillos of Admiral Kamimukry), “Emperor Alexander III” was strewn with a hail of Japanese shells, buried his nose and, making the last salvo on the enemy, began to lie down on the starboard side. The holes of the pipes touched the water, helpless screws were exposed, and at 19 o’clock the ship, turning upside down, disappeared into the depths of the sea. The sailors floundered in the whirlpool, and Japanese shells continued to pour on top of them. The battleship "Emperor Alexander III" was: 19 officers, 11 conductors and 793 sailors. Not one was saved.
              1. Alex 241
                Alex 241 18 August 2013 18: 11 New
                +2
                A.A. Tron. A fragment of the picture. The death of the squadron battleship "Emperor Alexander III."
                Book: V.Ya. Krestyaninov, A.A. Tron, K.P. Huber Tsushima. Requiem Chronicle, Faces of Russia, St. Petersburg, 2007.
              2. Peaceful military
                Peaceful military 18 August 2013 18: 56 New
                +2
                Thank you!
                GUARD!
                1. Alex 241
                  Alex 241 18 August 2013 19: 28 New
                  +2
                  The Battle of Borodino, on the left flank three regiments built in the square of the Life Guards Lithuanian, Finnish and Izmailovsky for 9 hours repelled the attacks of the cuirassiers of General Nansuti and Latur-Mabut.
                  1. Alex 241
                    Alex 241 18 August 2013 19: 29 New
                    +2
                    Here the image is better.
                    1. Alex 241
                      Alex 241 18 August 2013 19: 35 New
                      +2
                      Feat of an unknown Russian hero!
                      1. chehywed
                        chehywed 18 August 2013 20: 43 New
                        +2
                        Quote: Alex 241
                        Feat of an unknown Russian hero!


                        Non-commissioned officer of the Astrakhan cuirassier. During Borodino, the regiment went on the attack several times. The panorama of Roubaud shows a battle with the Saxon cuirassiers. By the end of the battle, 96 people from 400 remained in service. Almost everyone was wounded.
                      2. Alex 241
                        Alex 241 18 August 2013 21: 04 New
                        +2
                        Thanks Volodya. The theme hooked. Here is a small addition. The Astrakhan regiment operated east of the Raevsky battery, as part of the 1st cuirassier division of Depreradovich NI Repulsing the last fierce attacks of the enemy, the cavalrymen fought with unprecedented courage. "The chief of staff, Dmitry Pokrovsky, was the first with a squadron commander to cut into an enemy column, then from the first he was on an enemy battery." Cuirassier Ivan Zverev "his courage in attacking the enemy, despite the resulting strong concussion, served as a good example for his comrades."

                        Private Ilya Vnukov, "being seriously wounded, after dressing his wounds he returned to the front to his place and continued to set an example of courage until the end of the battle." Gavrila Kiselyuk and Nikita Gorbenko, “despite the danger of their wounds, did not leave their places until the last end of the battle with excellent fearlessness”.



                        Counterattack of the Saxon Guards cuirassier regiment Gar du Cor against the Astrakhan cuirassier regiment in the Battle of Borodino.


                        The Astrakhan did not yield a step to the French, although their losses were great. The inscription on the monument testifies: “On the day of the battle on August 26, 1812, the regiment consisted of generals, headquarters officers, chief officers, non-commissioned officers, musicians and ordinary 563 people. 468 people died. In total, 95 people remained after the battle. ”
                      3. Alex 241
                        Alex 241 18 August 2013 21: 06 New
                        +2
                        monument erected in memory of the heroes
                      4. chehywed
                        chehywed 18 August 2013 21: 12 New
                        +2
                        Quote: Alex 241
                        Counterattack of the Saxon Guards Cuirassier Regiment Gare du Cor

                        Exactly. The Guardian King from the brigade of Vrede. The summer of 20 as he abandoned everything behind the bustle. But it seems like I'm not mistaken.
                      5. Alex 241
                        Alex 241 18 August 2013 21: 18 New
                        +2
                        I learned the booklet in the Borodino panorama by heart as a child, it was so shocking, and now I remember: Noon, the front line runs along the Semenovsky stream ............
              3. Peaceful military
                Peaceful military 18 August 2013 19: 37 New
                +1
                Nice guys were, but, perverted themselves to political controversy.
                1. Alex 241
                  Alex 241 18 August 2013 19: 40 New
                  +1
                  Andrey correct, in my opinion Herzen: ......... they are terribly far from the people ....
                2. atalef
                  atalef 18 August 2013 20: 23 New
                  +3
                  Quote: Alex 241
                  Andrey correct, in my opinion Herzen: ......... they are terribly far from the people.

                  Sasha hello! Who doesn’t remember the old Krupsky laughing and his articles
                  In the article “In Memory of Herzen,” Lenin, in particular, wrote:

                  “In honor of Herzen, we see clearly three generations, three classes, operating in the Russian revolution. First - the nobles and landowners, the Decembrists and Herzen. The circle of these revolutionaries is narrow. They are terribly far from the people. But their business was not lost. The Decembrists woke Herzen. Herzen launched a revolutionary campaign.
                3. Alex 241
                  Alex 241 18 August 2013 20: 25 New
                  +2
                  Hi Sash, I better not wake laughing
              4. Peaceful military
                Peaceful military 18 August 2013 20: 59 New
                +1
                This was said by Lenin in a work about Herzen ... in how lol
                hi
        5. TuKta
          TuKta 19 August 2013 05: 13 New
          0
          and cuirassiers are elite, unlike hussars
          firstly - only nobles, with rare exceptions
          secondly, only tall, not less than 180 cm tall
          thirdly, the military is not in the 1st generation, that is, the military personnel
          fourthly, armored horsemen armed with both firearms and broadswords and pikes were, at that time, units that are now called guards
    3. chehywed
      chehywed 18 August 2013 21: 52 New
      0
      Quote: Alex 241
      "Emperor Alexander III" led the squadron, taking on concentrated fire from enemy forces.

      General soldier in battle sends, and the admiral of the sailors into battle leads.
  • TuKta
    TuKta 19 August 2013 05: 14 New
    0
    Well, well))) cuirassiers, by virtue of their origin, were already an elite ... cuirassiers could become exclusively nobles, unlike reytars or hussars
  • TuKta
    TuKta 19 August 2013 05: 29 New
    0
    Quote: Blackgrifon
    Quote: Tykta
    actually the elite were cuirassiers)


    The elite was the whole guard. Regardless of the type and type of troops.

    let's look from the root, and not from your words ... people could become cuirassiers in the first place - of noble origin, and in the second - of a certain complexion ... on this dispute I consider closed ... you yourself would not hurt to recall at least Victor Hugo and "Notre Dame de Paris" for starters
  • washi
    washi 20 August 2013 13: 39 New
    +1
    Read for yourself.
    It was not an elite. It was a bunch of opportunists who knew nothing of combat training. Read the complaints of the "guards" against Peter 3, Paul 1.
    The biggest grudge: they wanted to send the "guard" to the war
  • chehywed
    chehywed 18 August 2013 21: 00 New
    +2
    Quote: Vasya
    The Life Guard is a relic of the Indian kingdom in Russia. The combat training is zero, but heaps of ambition

    Under Austerlitz, the Cavalierguards donated that cuirassiers had no cuirasses, were thrown by Kutuzov against ALL Murat cavalry. Of 800 people remained 18, and only 4 were slightly wounded. Elite! Everyone was captured, but were released home before the end of the campaign, in recognition of their heroism.
  • Tykta
    Tykta 18 August 2013 11: 20 New
    -4
    it seems to me that the word "hussar" is derived from the word "goose" xD
    such as the fat goose, gander, hussar
    1. atalef
      atalef 18 August 2013 20: 24 New
      +1
      Quote: Tykta
      it seems to me that the word "hussar" is derived from the word "goose" xD
      such as the fat goose, gander, hussar

      belay
      They arose in Hungary under King Matthias Corvinus, who in 1458 ordered to form a special militia to protect against the Turks, the nobles were supposed to exhibit, according to one version, one armed rider for every 20 combatable slaves [1], and another one armed rider per every 20 yards [2]. There are different opinions on the origin of the word "hussar" in the Hungarian language - many scholars believe that the word goes back to lat. cursus is a raid, and thus akin to the word corsair [3]. According to another version, huszár from Hung. húsz “twenty”, because by Hung. the laws of twenty recruits, one was to become a cavalryman [4]. There is also a version according to which weng. húsz “twenty” means the size of the smallest cavalry unit in the Venusian army, and the Hungarian. -ar is only a suffix [5]. At the same time, critics of versions related to the word “twenty” note that in Hungary often used phrases with the words “tithe” and “thirtieth,” but there were no phrases with the word “twentieth” [6].
  • Garrin
    Garrin 18 August 2013 14: 04 New
    +3
    Great article. The author is a plus. A whole layer of the history of our aircraft.
  • octogen
    octogen 19 August 2019 21: 18 New
    0
    The author, have you forgotten the Polish hussars of the 16-18th centuries? These are the most hussar hussars. And later dandies are only a shadow of the former combat effectiveness of the Polish hussar.