The first hussars appeared around 1550 of the year in Hungary, 330 years ago, counting from our time, and therefore still, in all states, the hussar uniform is nothing but the Hungarian folk costume (attire).
The word hussar in Hungarian means a flying horseman. And indeed, the first hussars were strong and agile riders. They gathered in squads (in the regiments) to repel the various enemies with whom Hungary had to fight, and constantly won. The glory of the Hungarian hussars soon spread throughout Europe and, little by little, all the peoples first neighboring with Hungary, such as the Poles, the Serbs, and then others brought in their own hussars modeled on the Hungarian ones. All the hussars of that time wore wings on the back of the uniform, as a consequence of their very name: the flying riders.
Where do Russian hussars come from?
In Russia, hussars appeared for the first time in the reign of Emperor Peter the Great, in the year 1723.
Under Peter the Great, many residents came to Russia from Serbia, a neighboring Slavic land. They settled in Ukraine, i.e. in the south of Russia. Since these Serbs had many horses and were excellent riders, the emperor ordered to form a hussar regiment among them, including 340 men. After Peter the Great of these hussars, little by little, many regiments were formed, but they all consisted of foreigners: Serbs and other Slavs. So, in the 1762 year, in the year when the Empress Catherine II (Assassin Catherine II) took the throne (who died in the 1796 year), the hussar regiments were already 12 number, and they all settled in the south of Russia, i.e. in Ukraine and the Ukraine.
A distinctive feature of the hussars of that time was that they wore long mustaches and temples, combed on the back of the head, while all other mustache troops were not allowed to go, but ordered to wear powdered wigs. Hussar officers, though they were in wigs, wore only a long stitch on the left side.
Foundation of the Hussar Squadron
In 1775, 21 in March, Empress Catherine II ordered Major Shterich to form for her convoy the Life-Hussar squadron, choosing the best people and horses from the 12-Hussar regiments that existed at that time in southern Russia. Major Sterich in that year introduced the squad formed by him to the Empress in Moscow and was appointed commander of this squadron.
From Moscow the life hussars were transferred to Petersburg, where they stood during the entire reign of Empress Catherine; she never went out on solemn occasions and out of the city unless accompanied by a platoon of the Leib-Hussar squadron.
In 1796, the Emperor Pavel I, at his accession to the throne, ordered from the Leib-Hussar squadron to form a four-squadron regiment, the commander of which appointed Lieutenant-Colonel Kologrivov. At the same time, the Emperor transferred the regiment to the cities of Tsarskoye Selo and Pavlovsk, and ordered the first squadron to be called His Majesty's squadron.
Military operations of the Life Hussars
The first campaign in which the regiment participated was the war of Russia together with Austria against the French emperor Napoleon I, in 1805. In the battle of Austerlitz, the Hussars knocked over and scattered the French Guards cavalry, and, by the swiftness of their attacks, surprised Napoleon himself. Then, in the 1807 year, the Leib Hussars again marched Napoleon, and in the battle of Friedland, again crushed the French cavalry and saved the retreat of our army. From this campaign, the life hussars returned with 112 to St. George's crosses.
In the Patriotic War in 1812, when Napoleon invaded inside Russia, the Leib-Hussars regiment covered himself with the new glory of military prowess. Throughout the war, he was in many fights with the French cavalry, namely, in three major battles, such as: at Vitebsk, Borodino, and Red. When Red beat off the enemy's battery and banner. As a reward for the differences shown in the Patriotic War, the Life-Gusarsky regiment was granted by the Emperor Alexander I three St. George standards. When Napoleon was expelled from Russia, Emperor Alexander I decided to pursue the enemy right up to France itself, and answered all peace proposals that he would sign the world only in Paris. As a result, the Life Hussars, together with the whole Guard, moved to France. It was in 1813. For over a year, our troops had to fight the French. And as the war moved to the localities of other states, especially to Germany, the life hussars, who were in the forefront almost all the time, with dignity supported their military glory, with an exemplary performance of the outpost and intelligence services.
Our regiment was particularly distinguished in two bloody battles: under Kulm and under Leipzig, where our brave regimental commander, Lieutenant General Shevich, was killed with a core during an attack at the head of the regiment. In this glorious business, we lost officers: three killed and six seriously wounded.
Continuation of the war with the French in 1814 year
From Germany, Napoleon fled to France. Our troops followed him. In France, again, the life hussars participated in many glorious battles that ended in constant defeat of the enemy, and finally, on March 19, 1814, entered Paris together with the whole guard, which surrendered to our troops after a two-day battle. Napoleon himself surrendered to our sovereign a few days later. This was followed by the performance of Russian troops from Paris to Russia, and the life hussars arrived in the city of Tsarskoye Selo in the next year, 1815.
Hike to Turkey
The next campaign, in which the Leib-Hussar Regiment participated, was a war against Turkey, in 1828 and 1829, in the reign of Emperor Nikolai Pavlovich. Having arrived in Turkey, the life hussars stood in reserve for a whole year, on the Danube River, but they were not in action. In memory of the Turkish campaign, the lower ranks were presented with special medals.
Two years later, namely in 1830, the life hussars again advanced from Tsarskoye Selo against rebellious Poland. Here, our regiment, until the capture of Warsaw, constantly kept outposts from the Guards Corps and was in hot combat with the insurgent cavalry almost daily. Finally, near Warsaw, the Life Hussars covered themselves with new glory - during the battle under the walls of the city, the Life-Dragoon Regiment (now the Horse-Grenadier) suddenly found himself surrounded by three Polish cavalry regiments. The dragoons fought back with desperate courage; the regimental commander was wounded with a saber in the head, almost all the officers were killed and the shafts at the standard were cut, and the standard non-commissioned officers were chopped; the regiment perished. At this time, the commander of the Hussars, Senior Colonel Musin-Pushkin, struck with his regiment against the Poles already triumphant. Started terrible cutting. The rebels fled and sought salvation in the walls of Warsaw itself, where they jumped through the gap. Hussars rushed after them. The brave captain of the Blind, injured in 12 places and covered with blood all over, with his 5 squadron, first broke into the city and cut Poles in disorder on the streets to the right and left. But, having flown into Warsaw, the hussars could not turn back, and therefore they rushed straight and jumped out into the opposite gate. Although the Polish regiments were destroyed, the dragoons were rescued and the standards were repulsed by hussars, but for that we suffered great damage: lost the captain Sleptsov and four officers, besides, 47 people of the lower ranks and 142 horses were lost. For the feat of this, the Emperor Nikolai Pavlovich granted the regiment silver pipes with St. George ribbons and with the inscription: "For the capture of Warsaw on August 26 on August 1831"
Hike to Hungary
In 1848, our regiment again marched against Hungary, but only managed to cross the border, as Hungary was already subdued by our other troops.
In 1855, Emperor Nicholas I died, and the successfully reigning Sovereign Emperor Alexander Nikolaevich took the throne. Our regiment became known as the Life Guards Hussars of His Majesty's regiment, as the Sovereign was appointed chief of the Life Hussars regiment at his birth, which he commanded several times both at the shows and at the trainings.
Hike during the Crimean War
When the Emperor safely reigned in the Emperor, in the Crimean War, His Majesty's Life Guards Hussars regiment marched to Poland, where he stood on the Austrian border with 1854 to 1856 the year in which he returned to Tsarskoye Selo. On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the patronage of the regiment of the Sovereign Emperor Alexander Nikolaevich, held on 17 on April 1868, the Life-Guard Hussars of His Majesty's regiment received a standard.
Centenary Jubilee Regiment
19 February The 1875 regiment celebrated the centenary of its existence. Sovereign Emperor was pleased to see representatives of all times on the holiday, and therefore a foot platoon was appointed, the lower ranks of which were dressed in all forms worn by life hussars from 1775 onwards.
The holiday began with a prayer service, after which the Emperor Andrew's ribbons, granted to the regiment that day, were hung on the standard by the Emperor. Then the regiment went through a ceremonial march with alternating gaits, and the Emperor deigned to personally command the parade. At the end of the ceremony, His Majesty turned to the regiment and said: "Thank you hussars for your 100-year-old brave and loyal service," and calling the regiment commander Baron Meindorf, the commander of His Majesty's squadron, Colonel Oliva and the regimental adjutant Prince Vyazemskoy, congratulated them adjutants. The words of the King Chef forever have hit the hearts of the hussars and they will remember the speech of the beloved Monarch to the grave.
Hike to Turkey 1877 of the year
In 1877, the war broke out with the Turks. It seemed that the Guards Corps would not participate in this glorious campaign. Our brave army with its Commander-in-Chief heads the Danube near Zimnitsa. The Turkish cities of Nikopol, Tarnovo, Gabrovo, Selvi, Lovcha and others surrender one after another to our heroes - General Gurko, at the head of an insignificant detachment, passes the Balkans and dashing raids into Juranli, Eski Zagr, Yeni Zagr and Andrianopol, surprises Russia and Europe. But at Pleven, on our right flank, formidable clouds gather, the movement ahead stops. All efforts to seize this fortified camp remain in vain. Several times, the brave regiments of the 9 and 11 of the army corps are trying to take the city by storm, but all in vain.
Here the guard was destined to commemorate their combat activities for the first time. Indeed, upon the arrival of the Guard in Turkey, it is directly directed to Pleven, namely, to Mountain Dubnyak. On October 12, the Egersky and Life Guards Hussars regiments were ordered to seize the village of Telish, the bloody battle continues for 5 hours, the hussars attack several times.
The brave lieutenant, Snezhkov at the head of the squadron, jumps over the trenches occupied by the Turks, chops him right and left, and thereby produces panic and alarm in the Turkish army. Hussars everywhere show amazing courage. By evening, the hussars advance, cover the rangers' retreat, and, dismounting under a hail of bullets, gather the wounded and the dead. For this case, the Emperor granted the difference to the regiment: on the caps there is an inscription for Telish on October 12. After Telish the regiment comes out with avant-garde on the Sofia highway, taking part in many battles. The regiment always contains an outpost and intelligence service. With numerous clashes with the Circassians, Bashibuzaks and the Turkish cavalry, extraordinary courage, dashingness and knowledge of cavalry are everywhere. In one of these skirmishes, the regimental adjutant lieutenant Count Vladimir Bobrinsky was killed by everyone, beloved and respected by the regimental regiment.
Then the regiment proceeds in winter after the extraordinary difficulties of the Balkans near Amur Gach, and directly engage in battle with the Turks, namely, during the Dolniy Komarts, Sofia and Filipopol and other places. Everywhere the hussars show amazing courage and thus preserved their centuries-old military glory in the eyes of the Tsar and the fatherland. In 1878, the regiment was already returning to Tsarskoye Selo.