Military Review

"Tejas" will be adopted in 2014-m

16
The Light Combat Aircraft (LBS) LCA program is lagging behind the original plans for 15 years. However, according to the Minister of Defense of India, Arakkaparambil Anthony, it will end at the end of 2013 - the beginning of 2014 of the year.


Creating your own LBS is being conducted in India, despite the still very dubious experience in the development of its own weapon systems. “Our experience shows that foreign companies are reluctant to part with critical technologies,” said the Minister of Defense. - There are delays in the delivery of the necessary spare parts. There is an exorbitant price increase. Maintenance of the equipment also shows that we cannot be constantly dependent on foreign equipment and the platforms on which it is installed. ”



Representatives of the Indian corporation "HAL", which manufactures LBS, reported that they can produce four aircraft per year, however, after 12 months after reaching the initial combat readiness, the rate of production of aircraft can increase to eight units. “HAL is also planning to increase the rate of production of LBS to 16 units within three years after reaching initial combat readiness, based on the firm orders that will be received for its production,” said a representative of the corporation.

The Indian Air Force has already contracted 40 of the Tejas aircraft in the Mk 1 variant, while the request for the Mk 2 variant is 83 units. However, the Air Force intends to acquire 124 LBS in the version Mk 2, the first of which is expected to receive in 2017 – 2018 years.

The Tejas Mk 1 reached initial operational readiness in early 2011 ahead of the Aero India Show in Bangalore. But the persistent problems that accompany this program have delayed the aircraft from reaching full combat readiness. In 2013, India completed a deal for the supply of 99 General Electric F414 engines, which will power the substantially upgraded Tejas Mk 2. The Mk 1 uses the less powerful F404. India's Defense Research Organization DRDO has abandoned plans to equip Tejas aircraft with a proprietary GTX-35VS Kaveri engine. "The Kaveri engine will not be installed on LCA aircraft transferred to the Indian Armed Forces," said Mr Subramanim, head of the department. aviation developments ADA (Aeronautical Development Agency), which is responsible for the design of the LBS "Tejas". At the same time, it is planned to carry out flight tests and certification of this engine, he added. According to plans, 140 Mk 1 and Mk 2 LCA aircraft, which are likely to enter service with the Indian Air Force over the next decade, will be powered by US F404-GE-IN20 and F414-GE-INS5 engines, respectively.

According to statements by DRDO officials, the Kaveri engine is deployed on USAV impact drone aircraft (UAVs) developed by ADA specialists. These UAVs, which will be used as unmanned bombers, are not only lighter than LCA aircraft, but also perform less abrupt maneuvers than Tejas. As a result, the USAV UAV will not require increased powertrain thrust compared to combat aircraft. The DRDO organization is also considering cooperation with foreign manufacturers of aircraft engines to bring the Kaveri engine to the level of a promising middle fifth generation combat aircraft AMCA (Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft), which is planned to be designed and built in India for two to three decades. According to experts, although Kaveri is being developed by the Bangalore GTRE Gas Turbine Engine Research Center from 1989 of the year on a program worth 18,92 billion Indian rupees (344 million dollars), this engine is still far from ready. After several years of negotiations with the French company Snekma to establish a joint venture with GTRE, this plan was closed in the middle of 2009. At the same time, DRDO and the Ministry of Defense continue to insist that Kaveri will, in certain cases, replace the General Electric engines on the LES Tedzhas. However, these statements were not confirmed by the low characteristics of the prototype of the Kaveri engine during the flight tests in 2010 – 2011 onboard the IL-76 flying laboratory at the Gromov Flight Research Institute in Zhukovsky near Moscow. During these tests, the Kaveri developed thrust on an unforced mode to ensure a cruise flight within 49,2 kN and thrust on a forced mode, which is needed on the take-off and combat maneuvering mode, only within 70,4 kN. These characteristics, unfortunately, do not correspond to the established technical specifications for the development of “Kaveri”, which constitute 51 kN and 81 kN, respectively.

Not having achieved significant progress in the creation of “Kaveri”, India has issued a deal for the delivery of 99 F414 engines manufactured by “General Electric” for the LJP “Tejas”. According to Indian media reports, the cost of the signed agreement with General Electric is 30 billion rupees (560 million dollars). These engines will be equipped only with Tejas Mk 2 aircraft of the Indian Air Force, although some power plants may also be used on the naval version being developed for the Navy.

Maritime "Texas" is planned to be transferred the fleet in 2015. This aircraft was designed by the ADA Aviation Development Department and the state-owned HAL Corporation, and is designed to be based on the Project 71 aircraft carrier, which has a springboard for take-off and aerofinishers to land this aircraft. The machine has certain differences in design and landing gear compared to the version of the aircraft for the Air Force, because it will experience heavy loads during landing. The Indian Navy has already ordered six “wetted” LBSs, each of which costs $ 30 million. The creation of an aircraft carrier of Indian design project 71 is also delayed. If earlier it was planned to be adopted in 2015, now this deadline has been postponed to 2018.
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  1. alone
    alone 14 August 2013 10: 18 New
    +2
    India's response to Sino-Pakistani LBS JF-17 GROM. time will tell which one is better
  2. Canep
    Canep 14 August 2013 10: 19 New
    +3
    It’s interesting that they themselves did it or copied from someone?
    1. MilaPhone
      MilaPhone 14 August 2013 18: 07 New
      +1
      The formation of the appearance of the aircraft was carried out with the involvement of the company "Dasso". A tailless scheme was chosen well worked out on the Mirage fighter. Engines also with the French company "SNEKMA".
  3. Airman
    Airman 14 August 2013 10: 21 New
    +1
    So India decided to create its own planes, although it is true that they choose foreign engines, not ours. Interesting, but with the airframe they abandoned Russian technology? Really our Indians do not help.
  4. Odysseus
    Odysseus 14 August 2013 10: 59 New
    +3
    Quote: Povshnik
    So India decided to create its own planes, although the engines chosen are foreign, not ours.

    India created the first military aircraft already in the 60s. True, with the help of the Germans. He was called Marut. And the tramp with Tejas has been going on since the 80s.
    Quote: Povshnik
    . Interestingly, and with the glider they abandoned Russian technology? Really our Indians do not help.

    The engine is American, with the glider helped the French, if you look closely you can see the "mirage" features.
  5. Odysseus
    Odysseus 14 August 2013 11: 06 New
    +1
    In general, of course, the Indians are good fellows who are creating their own. It is clear that Tejas will change the MiG-21. But still it is very difficult to understand why they need 7 types of fighters and fighter-bombers from 3 different manufacturers including 4 types of air supremacy fighters.
  6. avt
    avt 14 August 2013 11: 20 New
    0
    Quote: Odyssey
    In general, of course, the Indians are good fellows who are creating their own. It is clear that Tejas will change the MiG-21. But still it is very difficult to understand why they need 7 types of fighters and fighter-bombers from 3 different manufacturers including 4 types of air supremacy fighters.

    Well I do not know . Of course, it is commendable that they want to have their own aviation industry, but it’s somehow awkward, the Germans are the first to react, Marut seems to have done it, and then they themselves didn’t really succeed. There are a lot of donors, but you can’t see decent airplanes. That somehow this new one does not inspire me, the campaign is the same story as with its own tank. Well, diversity - yes, it’s just a zoo with a sauce of independence from one supplier.
  7. kagorta
    kagorta 14 August 2013 11: 28 New
    +1
    The glider immediately shows that the "dad" is the Mirage.
  8. bask
    bask 14 August 2013 11: 29 New
    +1
    Quote: avt
    . That somehow this new one does not inspire me, the campaign is the same story as with its own tank

    Avt with an airplane Indians may not succeed.
    But the tank, Arjun Mk.2 turned out to be on the level.
    1. avt
      avt 14 August 2013 17: 43 New
      0
      Quote: bask
      But the tank, Arjun Mk.2 turned out to be on the level.

      That would be to compare, at least at the training ground to drive along with the T-90.
    2. svp67
      svp67 15 August 2013 00: 25 New
      0
      Quote: bask
      But the tank, Arjun Mk.2 turned out to be on the level.

      Well this is how many lei and winters, and not a fact, since this tank is actually only being tested ...
  9. Odysseus
    Odysseus 14 August 2013 11: 39 New
    +2
    Quote: avt
    That somehow this new one does not inspire me, the campaign is the same story as with its own tank

    It’s not clear yet. Let's see. But the delay in creating the program for 15 (!!!) years already raises concerns ...
    Quote: avt
    Well, diversity - yes, it’s just a zoo with a sauce of independence from one supplier.

    Independence is a good thing, but not to the same extent. After all, airplanes need to be repaired, serviced, brought together into a single organizational structure, try to establish cooperation in the event of hostilities, etc. Not to mention that these are very expensive "toys", and in India there are almost half a billion people below the poverty line ...
  10. olegff68
    olegff68 14 August 2013 11: 39 New
    +1
    Quote: Povshnik
    Really our Indians do not help.

    Yes, it is unlikely - with further planned development, Tejas becomes a direct competitor to the MIG 29K and is called upon to replace them with Indian aircraft carriers in the future, which we certainly cannot do. Let them be tormented, as with their Arjun, but for now tormented buy ours.
  11. fluke
    fluke 14 August 2013 12: 06 New
    0
    In my opinion, in the current conditions - Russia needs a simple light-engine single-engine aircraft with medium characteristics. So, say, a peacetime aircraft and operations of low and medium intensity. Say, our own development in the likeness of Grippen, which can perform the full range of IFI tasks, is inexpensive and easy to maintain, but naturally inferior to more complex modern comrades.
    There is an expensive heavy IFI for gaining air supremacy, overcoming air defense, fighting with modern bastard, and so on. For example, the same PAK-FA or Su-35.
    And there is a light, cheap, easy to maintain and pilot aircraft with a wide range of averaged capabilities. On it, and a raid can be issued and used in exercises, in counter-terrorist operations, against countries like Georgia and so on.
    And then we succeed, there are various Migi of the 29th series, which are considered nominally light, but they are not so simple and require serious maintenance.
  12. Alexey Prikazchikov
    Alexey Prikazchikov 14 August 2013 12: 16 New
    0
    We also need our own lightweight front platform. Pak fa is a base for much heavier cars and it can be lightweight only according to the example of f35 that is, in fact, neutered, but there are 2 points. Firstly, it’s cheap because unification and all that plus is easier to train, but the characteristics can leave much better in the second case. Therefore, I think that it is necessary to create a separate platform, but with a high level of unification with machines on the t 50 platform.
  13. duke
    duke 14 August 2013 12: 41 New
    +1
    some incomprehensible and ugly aircraft, they would rather buy a license for the Yak-130 or, in the end, for the Swedish Influenza, and only on their basis would try to do something different. Well you can’t ... don’t scare the fish ...
  14. ayyildiz
    ayyildiz 14 August 2013 12: 42 New
    0
    ARKHANGELSK, 14 August. / Corr. ITAR-TASS Vladimir Anufriev /. Russian experts were not injured in the disaster of the diesel-electric submarine / diesel-electric submarine / naval forces of India "Sindurakshak" in the port of Mumbai. This was reported today by ITAR-TASS, press secretary of the Zvezdochka ship repair center defense shipyard in Severodvinsk, where the submarine Nadezhda Shcherbinina was modernized.

    “All seven Russian specialists - five Zvezdochka representatives and two counterparty companies that served the submarine - are alive and well,” Shcherbinina said. “At the time of the accident, and this happened at night, they were in a hotel

    An urgent meeting on the tragedy in Mumbai will be held today at the Severodvinsk enterprise. “Zvezdochka, for its part, is ready to provide full assistance in the investigation and determination of the causes of the emergency,” the representative of the shipyard said.
  15. Boa kaa
    Boa kaa 14 August 2013 13: 13 New
    +2
    Quote: ayyildiz
    disaster of a diesel-electric submarine / diesel-electric submarine / Indian naval force "Sindurakshak" in the port of Mumbai.

    Hindus previously noted impeccable condition of the ship, as evidenced by the act of state acceptance of submarines, and secondly, its transition without comment in Mumbai.
    Tomorrow is the national holiday of India. There is a high probability of sabotage of terrorists. But the final conclusions will be made after the rise and inspection of the ship. Our warranty team is whole, and thank God. And to the Indian sailors, my sincere condolences.
  16. individual
    individual 14 August 2013 16: 20 New
    0
    I somehow involuntarily follow the competitive development of the defense industry of China and India.
    The fact of the desire of the Indian armed forces to create domestic models of the military-industrial complex is on the face. Or procurement on the side of not very new, but stable, proven products.
    China, on the other hand, massively copies any technology without shunning the counterfeit and passing it off as its development, which has many “failures”.
    The logistics of ways and methods of replenishing weapons is interesting.
    Which is more reliable technically, and which is cheaper cheaper?