Military Review

Antares - the star of Ukrainian-American space cooperation

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Antares - the star of Ukrainian-American space cooperation

The originality of this event was noted by both specialists and the general public interested in space travel.


On April 21, the Antares launch vehicle was successfully launched from the Test Center on Wallops, Virginia. This event opened the way for regular space rocket flights. Before 2016, it is planned to carry out at least eight launches of the launch vehicle for the delivery of cargo to the International Space Station (ISS).

It is noteworthy that the first stage of the rocket was developed and manufactured by Ukrainian enterprises - "PO" Yuzhmash "and" KB "Yuzhnoye". These companies have concluded a corresponding long-term contract (up to 2018) with the American corporation Orbital Saenz. The program is funded by the United States National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Total for its implementation allocated 1,9 billion.

The successful test launch of the Antares launch vehicle was an important step towards the further development of Ukrainian-US relations in the rocket and space industry as part of the strategic partnership policy between Ukraine and the United States. The next launch of the launch vehicle to deliver a small cargo to the International Space Station will take place as planned in August of this year.

Cooperation in the field of space exploration between Ukraine and the United States is carried out in fact from the first days of the independence of our state. It should be noted that the first cosmonaut of independent Ukraine Leonid Kadenyuk flew in space on 1997 on the American space shuttle Columbia. The United States was one of the initiators and the main source of funding in the framework of the Sea Launch project.

Ukraine is among the top five countries in the market of space services and technologies. Ukrainian rocket and space industry is more than 40 enterprises. Among them - the world-famous "Design Bureau" Yuzhnoye "and" Production Association "Southern Machine-Building Plant" in Dnepropetrovsk. They create and mass-produce launch vehicles, spacecraft, control systems, orientation and trajectory measurements. The development of the Sich-1, Okean-O, AUOS and Micron spacecraft, Zenit-3SL, Dnepr, Dnepr, Cyclone-3 launch vehicles was a great achievement of the Ukrainian specialists.

Today, Ukraine is known on the world market for its space production: the Kurs equipment for the International Space Station; missile aiming systems, control equipment for the Soyuz, Progress, and Proton space complexes; unique ground objects
infrastructure: radio telescope RT-70, control and correction stations for global navigation satellite systems,
a network of observations of geophysical phenomena. The space industry has become one of the key ones in the national economy, and the space activity of Ukraine is an integral part of international projects on the exploration and use of space.

Our state constantly participates in major international events in the space industry and is a member of most international organizations in the field of space, such as UNCOPUOS (UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space), COSPAR (Committee on Space Research), IADC (Inter-Agency Coordination Committee pollution in space).

An important role in the development of the rocket and space industry was played by the creation of 29 in Ukraine in February 1992 by the decree of the president of the central state body - the National Space Agency of Ukraine (from the 2011 - the State Space Agency of Ukraine - SSAU). Since its creation, the SSA has signed 38 interstate and interdepartmental agreements with 16 countries.

Significant work is underway to improve the use of Ukraine’s space potential in order to solve pressing problems of socio-economic, environmental, cultural, informational, scientific and educational development of society, guarantee national security and protect the geopolitical interests of the state. For this, 30 March 2011 was adopted by the decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine adopted an important document - the Concept of the implementation of state policy in the field of space activities for the period to 2032.

The implementation of the concept will ensure the formation of an economically sustainable, competitive, diversified rocket and space industry of the national economy. In particular, the concept provides for the development of space technologies and their transfer to the real sector of the national economy and the sphere of national security and defense, improvement of rocket and space technology and technologies for its creation, obtaining new knowledge, increasing
scientific and technical potential of the state and the educational level of society, the implementation of an effective industrial policy and the modernization of production, the commercialization of space activities, the deepening of international cooperation in space.

Among the practical results of the implementation of the concept is the creation and support of operation in orbit for a long period of time grouping of remote sensing spacecraft and telecommunications satellites; conducting a wide range of scientific space research (including the Moon and near-moon space); creation of promising output systems (in particular, the Air Launch complex); ensuring the presence of Ukrainian enterprises in the global space services market; international activation of space activities in the Baltic-Black Sea basin. A document of this level was approved for the first time in the years of independence.

The implementation of the concept will allow Ukraine to continue to occupy a worthy place among the space powers of the world. Practical experience of cooperation with the United States is a clear confirmation of this.

On the eve of the test launch of the Antares, I met with the head of NASA, Charles Bolden, the management of Orbital, a delegation of the State Space Agency of Ukraine, state-owned enterprises of Ukraine, Yuzhnoye Design Bureau and Yuzhny Machine-Building Plant. During these meetings, we discussed further prospects for implementation Antares program with the participation of Ukrainian rocket enterprises, as well as new directions for the development of Ukrainian-American cooperation in the space industry.

We hope that the next launch of the launch vehicle in August will be a good gift to Ukrainian engineers and space scientists for the 22 anniversary of the independence of our state.

For your information:

The Antares rocket carrier was developed by the American Orbital Sciences Corporation with the participation of the following contractors: the state enterprises of Ukraine, the Design Bureau Yuzhnoye and the Southern Machine-Building Plant, Aerojet (USA), ATK (USA) and several others.

Antares is a two-stage liquid-fuel booster rocket designed to launch payloads weighing up to 7 tons in low-Earth orbits.

The first stage of Antares was designed by Yuzhnoye Design Bureau and manufactured by Yuzhmash in accordance with the contract concluded with Orbital Sciences in 2008 for a period of up to 2019. The Yuzhnoye Design Bureau develops and controls the manufacture of containers for fuel, high pressure tanks, valves, sensors, fuel supply and supply systems, pipes, wires and other related equipment of the first booster stage of the launch vehicle.

The first stage of the rocket carrier is equipped with two AJ-26-62 rocket engines, modified by the American company Aerojet based on the NK-33 engine provided by the Russian company United Engine Corporation and developed in the 70. of the last century for the project of the super-heavy rocket H-1 of the unrealized Soviet Lunar program. The second stage is equipped with a solid Castor-30 engine, developed by the American company ATK.

Technical parameters of "Antares": height - 40 m, case diameter -
3,9 m, the total starting mass - 290 t, the components of the fuel - liquid oxygen, kerosene.
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  1. serioga
    serioga 15 August 2013 08: 13
    +7
    It is not clear why here to rejoice. the project is for 5 years, and as I understand it will end, the mattress covers will draw out all the secrets on the achievements of our fathers and grandfathers and after 5 years they will send Ukraine to the scrap. mattresses are well aware that the new ones (brains) will not come to them already, and the technology of the Soviet Union is still a tidbit for them.
  2. Nayhas
    Nayhas 15 August 2013 08: 13
    +2
    Meanwhile ...
    "On August 13, 2013 at Cape Canaveral at exactly the right time, a rocket created by the private American company" SpaceX "-" Grasshopper "/" Grasshopper "/ successfully" jumped "to a height of 250 meters, while it strongly deviated from the course and quickly managed in an upright position to return to the point of its launch without any problems.A total of 21 test launches of the rocket have been made since September 2012, 7. During the first test launches, SpaceX did not expect a successful recovery of the 1st stage, but all 7 launches were successful and the company It will not stop there. In the future, the Grasshopper will have to complete a mission at high altitudes and ascent and descent speeds. For this, the height of the rocket will increase to 3 meters, and the flight duration will be approximately 500 seconds. "
    KB "Yuzhnoye" is of course a reason for pride in Ukraine, but it only finishes off the potential that remained after the USSR, it has no future ...
    1. Papakiko
      Papakiko 15 August 2013 10: 34
      0
      Quote: Nayhas
      Meanwhile ...

      Golej's Page! comparable to landing on the moon.
      With what force did the flows from the engine diverge during takeoff and landing !?
      Takeoff speed ... and it’s completely unreasonable to talk about landing.
      Students of the J. Lucas Department are practicing.

      Question to all: Explain the "love" of mattress mats to pressure towers (pictured in the table of contents of the article).

      A way to deal with "air bubbles-vapors"?
      1. Nayhas
        Nayhas 15 August 2013 10: 58
        0
        Quote: Papakiko
        Takeoff speed ... and it’s completely unreasonable to talk about landing.

        In this test, the central engine responsible for landing is tested; the Falcon 9 v1.1 has nine engines in total and all reusable ones. I do not quite understand what the landing speed is not suitable for? Does the proton land faster?
        Quote: Papakiko
        Question to all: Explain the "love" of mattress mats to pressure towers

        In the desert, where the test bench is located, there is no water supply with a pumping station, so it’s easier to put an ordinary water tower.
        1. Papakiko
          Papakiko 15 August 2013 18: 08
          0
          Quote: Nayhas
          In the desert, where the test bench is located, there is no water supply with a pumping station, so it’s easier to put an ordinary water tower.

          Water tower on the launch pad !!! belay
          Did you believe what you wrote?
          Look at Google maps.
          Quote: Nayhas
          In this test, the central engine responsible for landing is tested, only the Falcon 9 v1.1 rocket

          After such sayings, it becomes clear why engines are purchased in Russia.
      2. Papakiko
        Papakiko 15 August 2013 11: 09
        0
        Quote: Papakiko
        Golej's Page! comparable to landing on the moon.

        No need to minus.
        All NASA capabilities can be viewed in the proposed video, which clearly shows how real products fly and how "beautiful" they are in cartoons. hi
  3. user
    user 15 August 2013 09: 29
    +4
    Jarred message

    Cooperation in the field of space exploration between Ukraine and the United States has actually been carried out since the first days of independence of our state. It should be noted that in 1997 the first cosmonaut of independent Ukraine Leonid Kadenyuk flew into space on the American reusable spacecraft "Columbia".

    As they say about the Papuans, it’s good that they’re not even comparing with Squirrel and Arrow
  4. Hitrovan07
    Hitrovan07 15 August 2013 09: 35
    +3
    On the Ukrainian side, it means technology, and on the American side, "green candy wrappers" in a volume limited by the contract. Now it becomes clear who has a technological lag ... right up to 2019.
  5. Aeneas
    Aeneas 15 August 2013 09: 53
    +9
    scientists and industrialists from the Dnieper want to eat corny. Joint projects with Russia (Zenit, Dnieper) are frail in front of our eyes, and the Russians directly say that they will not work with the Ukrainians. Otel and all these exotic examples of cooperation with Omer, Brazilians, Europeans. It is planned that the Kazakhs are waiting for their Angara on their Bayterek, and then the Russians generally refused to launch the Angara (which the truth is not there yet) on Baikonur.
  6. avt
    avt 15 August 2013 10: 34
    -1
    Quote: Aeneas
    scientists and industrialists from the Dnieper want to eat corny.

    This is just understandable and there is nothing to blame.
    Quote: Aeneas
    Joint projects with Russia (Zenit, Dnieper) are frail in front of our eyes, and the Russians directly say that they will not work with the Ukrainians.

    The Dnieper is heptyl and, by and large, as a civilian, well, it’s not very direct, like 500 hectare, but there is no replacement yet. It’s interesting with Zenith, especially if there is a sea launch with the participation of the Americans, but here, given the current policy of separating flies from cutlets, which the GDP began to carry out, the prospects are not very good.
    Quote: Aeneas
    It is planned that the Kazakhs are waiting for their Angara on their Bayterek, and then the Russians generally refused to launch the Angara (which the truth is not there yet) on Baikonur.

    No one will let a new player into the market of commercial launches, Angara will go from Plisetsk and later from Vostochny, Baikonur’s fate was decided at 91m, this is the USSR cosmodrome, under the USSR program and not a single newly formed country will pull him, he will die, no matter how bitter this is to realize to everyone who has ever been there. His swan song is a flight of Energy with a killed humpbacked Scythian and an unmanned flight of Buran. Well, and this launch request practical Americans simply do not spend money on small things, as with our engines it’s easier to buy at a cheaper price than bother with manufacturing, and spend money on something more substantial, something like the X-50
  7. svp67
    svp67 15 August 2013 10: 44
    +1
    The first stage of the launch vehicle is equipped with two AJ-26-62 rocket engines, modified by the American company Aerojet based on the NK-33 engine provided by the Russian company United Engine Corporation and developed in the 70s. last century for the project of the super-heavy rocket N-1 of the unrealized Soviet Lunar program
    That is, without our participation it also does not do here ...
    1. zmey_gadukin
      zmey_gadukin 15 August 2013 11: 36
      +1
      Quote: svp67
      That is, without our participation it also does not do here ...

      Yes, in the space sphere, it seems to me that one hundred percent independently, no one can work ... IMHO of course
  8. studentmati
    studentmati 15 August 2013 22: 28
    0
    I read and sit in a stupor belay : whether to rejoice in the flight of a new product drinks or grieve that Russia is "flying by" again recourse?
  9. vanderhaas
    vanderhaas 16 August 2013 00: 56
    0
    Well, in 20 years, from three-stage weapon systems to one stage in an experimental product on the side - a good "progress" for the Yuzhnoye design bureau. I wonder how many people are currently employed in this design bureau? Especially considering the refusal of the country's Armed Forces from the Sapsan complex? Comparable to the beginning of the 80s of the last century?
  10. Cristall
    Cristall 16 August 2013 01: 41
    0
    http://www.yuzhmash.com/
    General information
    here is the current situation with personnel
    http://www.gazeta.dp.ua/read/dnepropetrovskiy_uzhmash_nadeetsya_na_omolozhenie_
    I’ll add on my own - if the RFP doesn’t fall and if they pay the budget places for their employees, they will hold the rejuvenation.
    This path is characteristic of the giants of the Ukrainian technological industry-ANTK, MS, KB South + Yuzhmash Zorya ..
    maybe true. Grow in greenhouse conditions for yourself. And then look for the talent of a technologist among lawyers, not that.
    Let me remind you that the average salary ratio in Ukraine is small, and the salary ratio for them is not bad. Only one thing is bad, they do little to popularize the industry. Ukrainians generally do little to popularize all their successes.
    In general, after the collapse of the USSR, only Ukraine and Russia were able to save space. Well, I’ll rank Kazakhstan again.
    In Ukraine, in general, they need to erect a monument, the heroes of our time.
  11. scientist
    scientist 19 August 2013 15: 10
    0
    Obviously, Russia does not want to cooperate with anyone in the field of rocket technology because of the high probability of their leakage to third countries. As in Ukraine, the same problem in Kazakhstan, despite all the agreements. But if Russia, the USA and Europe will not cooperate with the South and SouthMash, then China, Iran, India, Korea, etc. will immediately line up. Then the missile threat for all countries will really increase sharply. It is necessary to determine with friends.