Military Review

Electronic warfare with potential threats

15
Electronic warfare with potential threatsIn the coming years, NATO is going to withdraw its military contingent from Afghanistan. The withdrawal operation will be of large scale and an appropriate level of complexity. Probably, the United States and its allies in the bloc will have to attract third countries to help. Some time ago, the media reported that official Washington held talks with Tbilisi. The topic of consultation was the possible use of Georgian logistics centers in the transportation of troops, equipment and machinery.


This, at first glance, unremarkable news, quickly became the reason for various assumptions and conclusions. According to the most courageous of them, the creation of transshipment points on Georgian territory will be only the first step in the whole process, implying the appearance of NATO military facilities in Georgia. Following the logistics points on the territory of the Transcaucasian state, full-fledged NATO military bases may appear. So far, this scenario is purely conjectural, but previous facts of Georgia’s cooperation with the countries of the North Atlantic Alliance indirectly confirm the possibility of the emergence of not only transport bases, but also military facilities. Moreover, in the 2008 year, shortly after the “War of the Three Eights”, Tbilisi already proposed to create a NATO airbase on its territory.

With such a development of events, Russia will get one more cause for concern at its southern borders. Aviation The United States and its allies will be based in close proximity to our borders, which will undoubtedly adversely affect relations between states. Russia will have to look for a way to respond to such steps of foreign countries. Despite the fact that while Georgia and NATO have not even agreed on the creation of cargo routes, proposals are already emerging that are said to help protect our country's southern borders from possible aggression. Among them there are proposals of both a symmetric nature (strengthening the Air Force grouping in this direction) and asymmetric.

The latter may include statements by the management of Aviaconversion. According to the director of this company, O. Antonov, in order to effectively counter NATO aircraft, which may be based on the territory of Georgia, it is enough to build only two facilities in a friendly South Ossetia. It is proposed to equip these structures with electronic warfare systems (EW) designed to suppress enemy radio communications. Two "jammers" located near the Leninori settlement, according to Antonov, working in turn, can hinder the flights and combat work of aviation over a significant part of the territory of Georgia. If similar facilities are located in Abkhazia, then the entire territory of the neighboring state will be “under the blow” of EW systems.

The offer of Aviaconversion is based on one of the features of modern warfare. The fact is that the air force, as well as other branches of the troops of the leading states of the world, are “spoiled” by a large number of different electronic systems, to some extent facilitating various aspects of combat work. The advantages of these systems are compensated by their vulnerability - any radio signal can be muffled by interference, which will not allow using the equipment using it. In this regard, according to Aviation Conversion, EW systems on a modern battlefield have a special priority.

According to O. Antonov, in order to effectively counter a potential enemy’s aviation, it is enough to suppress only signals from satellite navigation systems. In his opinion, foreign pilots are poorly prepared for flights without the use of such systems, which may be useful for the country using EW. Suppression of navigation signals from satellites will make it difficult or even impossible to navigate and fly in adverse weather conditions. When other signals are suppressed, the enemy may remain without communication, without the ability to identify the aircraft using defendants "friend or foe", without intelligence, etc. In addition, the use of guided weapons, aimed at the target using satellite navigation systems, is significantly complicated.

It is alleged that the company Aviaconversion, working on electronic warfare systems, has found a way to effectively deal with the radio signals of the enemy. A special apparatus has been created that studies the signal of the suppressed system and simulates it. For example, instead of a satellite signal, the navigation equipment of the target receives a similar signal from an EW station. Fighting such repression is almost impossible. It is also possible to effectively suppress the control systems of unmanned aerial vehicles and other equipment actively using radio communications.

For complex coverage of a given territory by means of electronic warfare and effective countering the actions of the enemy in Aviation Conversion, they created the concept of the territorial defense system (TSO) Umbrella. The complex, implied by the concept, includes the mass of various equipment designed to suppress the signals of various technical means of the enemy. The main task of TSO “Umbrella” is to prevent attacks with the help of modern high-precision weapons and opposition to enemy aircraft. The elements of the complex are located at a distance from each other, the antennas are mounted on their own towers. The management of all Umbrella systems is carried out centrally, from a common control center.

It should be recalled that the information on the construction of NATO military bases in Georgia is still only an assumption, which, however, may seem plausible. Regardless of the veracity of such opinions, in the near future there will be a need for modern means of electronic warfare. In addition, if the current trends in the development of military electronics, EW will even increase its priority in comparison with other systems. Thus, it is required to pay special attention to the development of old and the creation of new systems of this class, including integrated complexes capable of operating over a large area.


On the materials of the sites:
http://rosinform.ru/
http://arms-expo.ru/
http://ria.ru/
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  1. svp67
    svp67 14 August 2013 07: 42 New
    +5
    in order to effectively counteract NATO aviation, which may be based on the territory of Georgia, it is enough to build only two facilities in friendly South Ossetia. It is proposed to equip these structures with electronic warfare systems (EW) designed to suppress enemy radio communications. Two “jammers” located near the village of Leninori, according to Antonov, working in turn, can impede flights and combat work of aviation over a significant part of the territory of Georgia. If similar facilities are located in Abkhazia, then the entire territory of the neighboring state will be “under attack” from electronic warfare systems.

    And then along the chain - to cover from air strikes, each object will need to be covered with air defense batteries, from a ground enemy - by a battalion of motorized rifles, etc. and tp ... In short, two more of our bases on the adjacent territory.
  2. GEO
    GEO 14 August 2013 07: 50 New
    +6
    Помните надпись на заборе после 888? "Товарищи грузины, учитесь военному делу настоящим образом! Придем - проверим!"
    Finish out, what do we come ...
  3. crambol
    crambol 14 August 2013 07: 52 New
    0
    Two “jammers” can impede flights and combat work of aviation over a significant part of the territory of Georgia.

    This is tantamount to the start of hostilities!
  4. svp67
    svp67 14 August 2013 07: 54 New
    +4
    Quote: crambol
    This is tantamount to the start of hostilities!
    Нет это просто готовность провести такую работу в случае "особого" периода...
  5. Nayhas
    Nayhas 14 August 2013 09: 03 New
    +2
    And how will the base in Georgia be cardinally more dangerous than the NATO base in the Baltic states and Eastern Europe? Why did Mr. Antonov get that NATO pilots cannot navigate without GPS? Maybe he is not aware that in addition to GPS, there are other navigation devices? I understand that inertial navigation systems using laser gyroscopes this year became an object of admiration, because finally they began to be installed on domestic aircraft, but the US damn it has been using them since the 80s. ANNs are used not only on airplanes, but also on air-to-ground ammunition; moreover, in modern ammunition, GPS guidance is only part of the combined seeker.
    Antonov also said nothing about the range of satellite signal suppression systems.
  6. CaptainBlack
    CaptainBlack 14 August 2013 09: 16 New
    +5
    Мне, как инженеру РЛС, (1РЛ239) эта статья не принесла ничего, кроме раздражения! Автор хоть имеет реальное понятие о средствах и способах ПРЭБ? Или, хоть малейшее представления о мощности излучения при проведении мероприятий данного типа? Да и использование оборудования с СВЧ-генераторами, низкочастотными и т.д. Это Вам не приборчик поставить для искажения приёма радиосигнала от мобильника соседа! Так называемые "глушилки" несут больше опасности и вреда для живой силы, чем непосредственно на объекты технического характера. Всем известно, что определённая частота и мощнось излучения, может влиять на разное поведение живой силы. Вплоть до полного физического уничтожения объектов атаки! Какие к чёрту самолёты глушить? Если можно без проблем за пол часа вывести из строя всю армию, даже той Грузии, только одним импульсом направленного излучения, определённой частоты модуляции! Проще говоря, тогда там всем живущим придёт кирдыкус. А это уже война.
    И для применения подобных средств ПРЭБ, нужно особое разрешение. Так как любое использование его приносит очень много проблем потом... Проверено в 93-м на военном аэродроме в Моздоке, под видом "глушения" оперативной связи...
    So, friends, neither their planes, nor tanks, nor rockets with satellites are afraid of us, even if they are at our borders when all their soldiers, if necessary, turn into obedient zombies, at best ...
    And it would be better to write what means they have against us ??? And what did we oppose in return? Maybe even then you would start proud of your homeland ?! For all western things, there is always a threaded bolt ...
    1. m262
      m262 14 August 2013 20: 46 New
      0
      Sorry, but what happened in Mozdok in 93 ???
  7. Druid
    Druid 14 August 2013 10: 06 New
    0
    Quote: CaptainBlack
    Up to the complete physical destruction of attack objects! What the hell out of jets? If it is possible to disable an entire army, even that of Georgia, with only one impulse of directed radiation, of a certain modulation frequency, in half an hour without any problems! Simply put, then kirdykus will come to all living there.
    May I ask a question to a specialist?
    But what about NATO's all running and no similar equipment? ...
  8. Professor
    Professor 14 August 2013 10: 36 New
    +4
    The author of the article does not take into account that a stick with EW has 2 ends. The same Americans can establish their complexes on the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range and spoil up to Rostov.
  9. Nitarius
    Nitarius 14 August 2013 11: 38 New
    +2
    Quote: crambol
    Two “jammers” can impede flights and combat work of aviation over a significant part of the territory of Georgia.

    This is tantamount to the start of hostilities!

    I think so and get ready! If only I were in the place of GDP, I would start moving my bases to the borders of the USA and England! Best defense is attack!
    We are moving towards our Alaska and it’s time to start begging to get Alaska back!
  10. niksup
    niksup 14 August 2013 13: 17 New
    0
    Quote: Nayhas
    ANNs are used not only on airplanes, but also on air-to-ground ammunition; moreover, in modern ammunition, GPS guidance is only part of the combined seeker.

    Only these ANNs (especially on laser gyroscopes) have such a huge error that we can’t talk about their autonomy. But GPS is just what is needed to bring this error to an acceptable value, including on bombs and missiles. And this is provided that the potential enemy visited the target with a GPS receiver, otherwise it makes no sense ...
  11. Tektor
    Tektor 14 August 2013 14: 06 New
    0
    "Quote: crambol
    Two “jammers” can impede flights and combat work of aviation over a significant part of the territory of Georgia.
    This is tantamount to the start of hostilities!
    "
    Then such actions have long begun ...
  12. tol100v
    tol100v 14 August 2013 14: 45 New
    0
    РЭБ это полумеры. Нужно этод метод подкреплять многоточием из "Точек-У" и "Искандеров" и т.п. и т.д.
  13. optimist
    optimist 14 August 2013 16: 44 New
    +4
    Очередная шапкозакидательная статья. Как бывший начальник РЭБ ИАП могу однозначно сказать: мы всегда проигрывали и проигрываем в этой области нашим "заклятым друзьям". Конечно, новые современные разработки есть и у нас, но в очень-очень малом количестве. Да и л\с большинства частей толком не может пользоваться даже тем, что есть. Конечно, это не повод искать верёвку и мыло, но и с восторгами не стоит спешить. У амеров, в отличии от нас, ЧЁТКО ВЫСТРОЕННАЯ СИСТЕМА. А у нас только отдельные очаги....
    1. Modus
      Modus 14 August 2013 22: 12 New
      +1
      I completely agree with you, Alex.
      Too bravura and unproven everything in this article.
      If everything were SO simple ...
      Война с Грузией показала, насколько мы отстаем в вопросах РЭБ даже от них. Умудрились послать против них кучу самолетов без всякого прикрытия помехами. В итоге - старенький "Бук" насбивал там несколько самолетов, включая Ту-22М.
      А если бы у грузин хоть 1 "Пэтриот" был?!
  14. Starover_Z
    Starover_Z 14 August 2013 17: 13 New
    0
    I am not going to criticize Russian systems, in any case, but rather to the author:
    But can only radar be destroyed by special aviation missiles? Are electronic warfare systems protected from this?
  15. Dmitry Zurn
    Dmitry Zurn 16 August 2013 10: 35 New
    0
    Quote: CaptainBlack
    Так как любое использование его приносит очень много проблем потом... Проверено в 93-м на военном аэродроме в Моздоке, под видом "глушения" оперативной связи...

    Sorry, could you give more details.
  16. Gur
    Gur 14 September 2013 20: 45 New
    0
    As I understand it, the article is calling us to Cuba, ????