Military Review

War in Korea: before and after

25
Memories of Soviet childhood


The Far East celebrates the Victory Day over fascist Germany on May 9, and the Day of Victory over militaristic Japan - September 2.

This year, the world remembers the Korean War (1950-1953). In Korea, it is called the “Patriotic Liberation War”. It took 60 years after its completion.

The participants of the Great Patriotic War who saved millions of lives, the entire planet from fascist Germany and militarist Japan, go into eternity. My generation, born on the eve of World War II, is also leaving. Eyewitnesses to the events of the first post-war decade are getting smaller, but more and more lies about the Korean War and North Korea appear in the Russian bourgeois media.

My father took an active part in the war with Japan, the liberation of North Korea, and in building a new life in this country. We lived in Korea for three years. About what I saw in Korea as a child, and how I see events in this country today, is my story.

Slav

My childhood was spent in the Far East. In 1945 we lived in Slavyanka on the very coast of the Pacific Ocean. I was six years old, and I remember Slavyanka vaguely: only the bay, in the warm waters of which we swam in the summer, military torpedo boats, sailors, my father's military unit and neighbors in two barracks built almost on the shore.

My father served in the regimental headquarters. My mother and I came to him on a call in 1944 from our small homeland - from the Southern Urals. My mother told me that before the war my father worked in a bank, and she was in charge of a kindergarten in Fershampenuaz. Papa was called to serve in the Red Army in August 1939. His service was held in a cavalry regiment in the Far East, in Slavyanka. Mom moved to Kulikovka to her grandmother and began working on the collective farm. Pope had three months to serve when the Great Patriotic War began. She changed the life of our family, like the lives of all people on the planet.

I do not remember how my grandmother collected us on a long journey, how we got to Gumbakey, the closest railway station, as we traveled for many days in Siberia. I remember that the car was a reserved seat and very old. Conductor in the evening lit a kerosene lamp and put it in a glass box above the aisle. The lamp on the car was, it seems, only four. The windows were icy. In the car was twilight. For some reason this dim light hit the memory. I remember that the conductor often went out into the vestibule, pounded with an ax, then with buckets, constantly heated the stove, but it was still cold in the car.

We drove for a long time. Finally arrived in the city of Ussuriysk. My father did not meet us: wrong in the calculations. We settled in the room of the mother and child - a large hall, bright and clean, with tall windows. In the children's memory, the room of the mother and child remained a vivid picture of the hall, reminiscent of the one in which Natasha Rostova danced at the ball in the film “War and Peace” by Bondarchuk.

My mother and I went to the bath. Returned to the station, and my mother put me to sleep on the chairs. Suddenly, I woke up as if something flashed before my eyes. I opened my eyes: Dad was kissing my forehead.

- Dad, Dad! - I cried, although I saw him for the first time in my life. I happily and tightly hugged his neck. I was four years old.
Ussuriisk was the first city I visited in my life. The next day we reached Slavyanka.

In Slavyanka we lived like everyone else. Potatoes were planted. Dad was getting rations. I remember gauze bags with American biscuits and tiny pea-colored sugar candies. These were the first sweets that I tried in my life.

I remember very well the Victory Day over fascism - May 9 of the year 1945!

It was a bright sunny day. A plane flew in the blue sky and dropped colored leaflets: “The war is over! Germany capitulated! Victory!” The people exulted. The Soviet people saved their homeland from fascist and capitalist enslavement!

It seemed adults were crazy. They cried, laughed and shouted "Hurray!". That evening long joyful toasts sounded "For the Motherland! For Stalin!" and the songs "Spark", "Dark Night", "The girl was accompanied to the position of a fighter."

How we hoped that after the Second World War there would be no more such tragedies on our planet! "With the war, we ended the scores." “Do Russians want war?” Asks the song that was born in the hearts of my generation. To this day, goosebumps run down my back, tears come to my eyes when I hear the words and music of the song “Get up is a huge country, get up for a mortal combat.” I remember that May Victory Day and the young faces of the parents come to life in my memory.

Our family is lucky. The Red Army did not let the fascists to the Urals, our small homeland. Do not set foot and the Japanese samurai in the Soviet Far East, in the Slav. We did not live under the occupiers.

It is difficult to write about the war to those who saw the people's tragedy with their children's eyes: tears of mothers, funerals. Who was left an orphan. Who saw one-legged, one-armed, curved-eyed, burned veterans from churches on the streets of cities in the first post-war years. Who grew up in poor families without fathers. And there were tens of millions of them.

I consider myself to be this generation. To the very one that remembers how a mother chopped up chairs for firewood, to warm the children, but to cook the soup; how a starving mother gave the last crust to a hungry child; how mothers quietly sang "Dark Night". To the generation that saw with their children's eyes how the fascists shot the partisans, how they burned Russian old men and children, how they raped Soviet women during the years of the fascist genocide of the Russian nation.

It is easiest to write about war for money, to condemn Stalin, laugh at the feat of Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya and the Young Guard, blacken the great feat of the Russian people, equate communism with fascism, defile the memory of socialist Russian civilization, lie, lie and lie. For big lies always pay big money.

Korean apples

The war with Japan soon began - 9 August. It ended 2 September 1945

I remember one time two Japanese planes flew over Slavyanka at a low altitude. We managed to see large red circles on the wings. Nearby were fighting. Papin regiment fought in Manchuria. We were worried about dad and his comrades, for our Red Workers 'and Peasants' Army. War is war.

Recently I read articles on the Internet about those days of the war. For twenty years, Japan has occupied Manchuria and other regions of China. The blood of tens of millions of people caked on the samurai’s dirty feet. The unprecedented atrocities of the Japanese in China alone claimed 35 million lives and caused damage to the country totaling over 600 billion dollars. (cm.: "Why do the Japanese hate in neighboring Asian countries")

I learned that in only three weeks of August the Soviet army completely crushed the million Kwantung Army. Her losses in killed were 84 thousand people, captured 594 thousand. The losses of the Far Eastern army were 18 thousand people; This is a huge fee for the freedom of Manchuria and Korea!
Japanese prisoners of war were taken to the USSR, they were placed in special camps. Their work was used to the maximum in the Far East and in Siberia. In Primorsky Krai there were 75 thousand Japanese, they built houses, dams, felled forests, etc. Such use of prisoners of war in peaceful construction sites is justified and fair. (http://www.konkurent.ru/starii_print.php?id=7110)

15 August, the Japanese command announced the surrender of its troops in Korea. The Red Army liberated North Korea. The Soviet military command took over the organization of its own administration. At first, the representatives of the Soviet command in the field were military commanders.

In October 1945 was alerted to the family of servicemen in Slavyanka: in a couple of days they will have to go to North Korea. Mom put things in two old suitcases. We were seated in the back of the Studecocker. The motorcade with families under the protection of machine gunners hit the road. We drove across the plain. We spent the night in some Chinese town. Around the gardens and rice fields. We drove into Korea, the fells began. The road is narrow: two cars do not disperse. On the one hand the abyss. Then again the gardens, rice fields, apple orchards. I first saw apples in the trees. In the gardens between the trees were strung ropes with empty cans. The breeze shook the banks, they thundered and frightened away the birds.

The city of Kanko (Hamkhung - this is the name of this second largest city in the DPRK) arrived at noon. Houses on the outskirts of the city. Hills. Daddy's house corner. The door is not locked. Dad was delighted. We, too. He is alive and well. He treated us with American stew and biscuits.

How fickle life is. Just a couple of months ago, Japanese soldiers and their families lived in these houses. From them were left in the house statues of Buddha, a Japanese saber. Now Soviet officers lived in this village on the outskirts of the city. We were friends with families. We went to visit each other. We became friends with the Bakulin family. One week she cooked lunch, her mom's dinner, the other - Aunt Marusya. On weekends, they arranged festive dinners.

The officers were given rations. I want to emphasize that in the postwar years and even during the Japanese occupation in Kanko there were shops and restaurants. The war with Japan developed so rapidly that the colonialists did not have time to destroy the economy of Korea. It was possible to buy used clothes on the black market, and products at the market. Mom bought women's watch, but in the evening they stopped. The next day, she went to the bazaar with Aunt Marusya. They found a seller. Big Aunt Marusia took a puny Korean by the collar, shook her, and he meekly returned the money to the "Russian Madame."

Even fruit appeared in our house. Delicious Korean apples did not go off our table all three years while we were living in Korea. These were the first apples in my life.

The nature of North Korea - the hills and valleys along the rivers. They began literally at our house. In the hills, the Japanese cut deep tunnels in case of bombing. In them we with boys played war. On one short hill there was a Buddhist temple. Young Korean couples came to him on their wedding days. The boys and I made trips to this temple. We went on his terraces. Admired our seemingly small houses from afar. If you walk past the temple even further, you could get to a high cliff and admire the creek, a bright snake deep down below, running away into the distance for another ridge of hills.

I remember Saturday evenings, when families of fighting friends would take turns in someone's house, drink a bag of drinks, sing wartime songs, dance to a gramophone. So they expressed their joy: they managed to survive the most terrible war in stories humanity.

I remember how toasts were made at the festive table:
- For the Motherland! For Stalin! For victory! Meet us on the hundred first floor!

It was meant in New York. The workers 'and peasants' Red Army after the war was the most powerful army in the world. She had combat experience in conducting operations on any terrain with the most modern weapons. The highest was her morale: order Stalin to launch an offensive against the West, the troops would immediately follow his order and in a month all of Western Europe would be conquered by the Red Army. "The Red Army is the strongest of all," sang Russian heroes. Such moods prevailed among the Russian officers in those days!

The Red Army liberated North Korea from the Japanese colonialists, the American army - the South. For about three years, the Red Army held North Korea under its control. The Soviet civil administration ensured the country's transition from a private-ownership system to a society based on public ownership. In the country there was a sharp class struggle. The bourgeoisie left North Korea and moved to South.

Dad told me many years later that Kim Il Sung (1912-1994) was active in the partisan movement in Korea, Manchuria, served in the Red Army and returned to Korea as a captain. In December, 1945, he, the leader of the North Korean Communists, led the country's state apparatus. In February, the 1946 was established by the North Korean Provisional People’s Committee.

The Korean Workers' Party under his leadership carried out political, economic, ideological reforms in the interests of the masses, and not in the interests of the bourgeoisie and landowners, as in South Korea. In 1946, nationalization was declared. The land was redistributed in favor of small and poor peasant farms. 90 percent of the economy to 1949 was nationalized.

Papa said that in September 1945 was created by the American military government to control the American zone of influence on the Korean Peninsula. It delivered its protege Lee Seung Man (1875-1965) to Tokyo and after a secret meeting with General MacArthur on his personal plane - to South Korea.

He was tasked with strengthening the bourgeois regime in South Korea and creating the South Korean armed forces. 15 August 1948. He proclaimed the creation of a Korean state in the American zone of occupation.

My father said that the South Korean intelligence service under the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea sent its agents to the North in order to organize the assassination of a number of major leaders of the North Korean regime. Attempts on all of these figures really happened in the spring of 1946, but none of them were crowned with success. Leaflets appeared in different parts of the country calling for opposition to the Soviet presence, and there were separate acts of disobedience. In general, the new regime did not meet with serious resistance of the population.

At the same time, in the South, where by the end of 1946, the Left Opposition launched a real civil war against the Provisional Government imported from the United States and local authorities. Hundreds of thousands, if not millions of Koreans took part in protest actions in the South, and many thousands went to the mountains and joined the partisan detachments of communists.

As a result of a complex unification process, the North Korea Workers Party was created. It provided the Soviet authorities with better control over the events taking place in the country. Under the direct supervision of Soviet officers, the Armed Forces were created. They were equipped with Japanese and Soviet weapons. Officially, the creation of the North Korean army was announced only in February 1948. The Soviet authorities provided the North Korean leadership with a variety of support and assistance in resolving emerging problems.

Hundreds of Soviet Koreans and their families were sent from the USSR to North Korea. They graduated from Soviet universities, worked in various positions in the Soviet or party organs. Some of them were married to Russian women and spoke Russian at home.

The country was recovering national economy. The traditional folk culture developed. Korean children went to school. In the USSR, hundreds of Korean students went to study. Life is gradually getting better.

War in Korea: before and after
1. 1946 City of Kanko. With friends. Photos of Korean high school student


In 1946, my father was transferred to serve in Pyongyang, the capital of North Korea. In that year, Soviet schools for Soviet children opened in major Korean cities. For several months, the Soviet government sent thousands of doctors, teachers to Korea, printed and sent thousands of textbooks.

I remember the first of September 1946. This day became a holiday for me. I had a small briefcase bought on the market. On his head, father in the sun faded in the sun with a red asterisk.

We, Soviet children, were taken to the school by military buses. It was located in the protected government district of Pyongyang.

I remember how, in a crowded class, the three of us sat down at the desks and were given one primer for three. When the lessons ended, and I, joyful and excited, found my mother. She was waiting for me along with other women. Mom bought me a couple of apples and led me to a Korean photographer. This photo, in which I am smiling, is standing with a big apple in my hand, I still keep it in the album.

2. 1946 Pyongyang City. First grade


I remember that there were not enough notebooks in a slanting ruler for spelling and a cell in arithmetic. My father used to hand me notebooks in the evenings. I wrote sticks, letters, numbers with great diligence under his supervision. And although I had to study in eight schools for ten years, I remember the name of my first teacher, Nina I. Ivanova.

3. 1947 Pyongyang. Soviet school. First grade


I remember that for good study and exemplary behavior in the first grade I was rewarded with a small volume of Tvardovsky poems in a red cover. I have kept him all my life. Daddy liked poems about rewards. I learned them by heart. At the Christmas party, I was put on a chair under hanging Christmas decorations, and for the first time in my life I spoke to the public.

No, guys, I'm not proud.
Without looking into the distance,
I will say: Why do I need an order
I agree to a medal ...

Officers applauded me, those who went through the war and wore orders and medals on their tunic. It was them that Tvardovsky sang. By the way, the Pope had a medal "For Courage" and the Order of the Red Star. How he and mom were proud of them!

In 1947, the father was again transferred to the city commander's office of Kanko, one of the divisions of the Soviet civil administration that controlled the entire system of people's committees of the North Korean authorities at that time. Now we lived in a small house for two Soviet families in the city center. Koreans lived around. We greeted our closest neighbors, but we could not talk to them: we did not know the language. The nationalization of bourgeois and landlord property was in full swing.

The commandant's office was headed by Colonel Scuba, a good-natured and never desponding big Ukrainian, outwardly similar, as it seemed to me, to Taras Bulba. It was a time when a man from the people was knocked out in the heads and commanders. He did not separate himself from his subordinates and lived by their interests. He called everyone who was younger than him "sons", "daughters". Like papin's regiment commander in Slavyanka, Scuba was an economic man.

There was an opportunity, and he started in part cows and pigs in order to have an additional source of food for soldiers and officers. Probably, the fear experienced by this generation worked before 20-30's famine.

Scuba started a livestock farm at the commandant's office. It took a milkmaid. He gathered the wives of the servicemen:
- We brought cows. We can organize the distribution of milk to children. But the soldiers do not know how to milk. Who among you can milk and agree to work on a voluntary basis?

Mom responded and became a milkmaid.

Scuba often drove to the farm.
“I love the smells of the cowshed and the pig farm,” he confessed honestly.

Mom met his wife and they became friends. She began to visit the commander's house. A soldier helped my mother from Ukraine too. He remembered his name - Savchenko. Good guy. He often came to visit us.

When parents left for holiday evenings, Savchenko came to our home. We had dinner with him, read Russian and Ukrainian fairy tales. He painted a fisherman in a Ukrainian hat under a tree by the lake. We are attached to each other. He often rolled me in a Japanese truck with wood heating when he went to feed.

I remember the summer of 1946. We went on vacation from Korea to the Urals. Father has not seen his mother for seven years. We drove to Chelyabinsk 19 days in a freight car. For hours, our "500 cheerful" idle at the stations, skipping freight trains with cargo. Passengers got acquainted, made friends. I remember the gypsy who danced "The Apple" on the belly for a coin.

We brought relatives a suitcase of cheap fabric. How much joy my grandmothers, brothers and sisters of my parents had: everyone is alive and well! How many new Russian, Ural and folk songs I heard, boy, on that visit!

In Kanko, Russian schoolchildren walked to school on foot. There were many students. The two-storey building of the Soviet high school stood next to the building of the Korean Medical School.

In Korea, I visited 1947 for the first time in a Soviet pioneer camp. My dad and I rode the train for a long time. In the car alone Koreans. We drove south - to the 38-th parallel dividing Korea into the Soviet and American zones of occupation.

The Soviet administration created a pioneer camp on the basis of a Catholic nunnery. The nuns returned to Europe. The abandoned monastery was put in order and for the summer they brought together Soviet children to the servicemen. The pioneer camp was commanded by a Soviet officer. Educators, counselors, cooks served as soldiers and sergeants.

The monastery was built on the outskirts of the city on a hillside on the shore of the warm sea. The steep coast was shackled in a stone shell. To the sea we descended a wide stone staircase. Swam troops in turn. While bathing, we were watched by several soldiers and sergeants. Precautions were strict.

On the day of arrival at the pioneer camp, they gathered us, built us up in a convoy, and led us to the soldiers' bathhouse. The next day, we were divided by age into ten groups. I was elected chairman of the first squad of the smallest Octobrists.

I remember how I wept bitterly the first night when my father left me in the camp, and he returned home. For the first time I was left alone - without mom and dad. When he calmed down a bit and removed the blanket from his face, his eyes rested on the high, like a dark sky, ceiling.

We had a spacious bright dining room. Nearby were the soldiers' kitchens on wheels. We were fed simply and satisfyingly: soup or borsch, porridge with meat or fish, always compote. You can take an additive.

Morning began with the construction of the line. Each of the ten commanders of the detachment, starting with me, the commander of the first detachment, reported to the camp commander on the readiness of the personnel to conduct day activities. Before going to the camp commander, I gave the command:
- Detachment, equate, quietly!

From the outside, it was apparently ridiculous to observe the scene of the report of the kid to the officer who passed the war. Older guys smiled.

The soldiers engaged in sports with us, held competitions, games, took us on hikes, lit bonfires, taught us to sing marines and pioneer songs ...
The next night I slept like a log. For the day tired. In the morning exercise on the parade ground. Then breakfast. Then we were taught to go about the formation, to sing line songs. They were taken to the sea and, before putting us into the sea, explained the rules of behavior and security measures for a long time. Everyone was asked if he could swim. I said I can. All those who could not assembled separately and began to learn to swim. Then lunch. Relaxation. High tea Sports competitions and the game of football between the two senior teams. We each supported our team.

Time flew by. When dad came for me, I didn't want to leave. I did not want to part with my comrades, with the soldiers, with the camp commander. We had time to get used to them ...

6. 1951 Ocean Ocean near Vladivostok. Pioneer camp - Black River


In April, 1948 adopted the Constitution of North Korea, in August elections to the Supreme People’s Assembly were held. In September, the formation of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) was proclaimed.

I remember my father took me, a boy, to a rally at which the head of the government and the party Kim Il Sung spoke in Kanko in honor of the proclamation of the DPRK. Then in September, such meetings were held in all cities and villages of Korea. Many red flags. Traditional dragons in 20-30 meters long with scary snouts.

I saw with childish eyes how the people rejoiced at the freedom acquired, how a new socialist state was born on the ruins of colonialism, which was destined to hold high the banner of socialism to the present day.

The DPRK will succeed in preserving the socialist gains and after the USSR disappears, as winners over German fascism and Japanese militarism will voluntarily surrender to the world bourgeoisie and turn Russia into a miserable colonial backwater.

Kim Il Sung will live a long and heroic life: the son of a Christian activist, partisan and partisan commander, officer of the Soviet Army will become the ruler and Great Leader of North Korea.

Today, bourgeois media and propaganda amicably condemn the "dynasty" of Kim Il Sung. The country is ruled by the grandson of the renowned leader of the Korean people. Isn’t it not the Rothschilds and the Rockefellers that rule Europe and America for a hundred and fifty years in a row? Is not the current Queen Elizabeth the Second ruled by England for sixty years? Didn't Queen Victoria rule the British Empire any longer? Did the ruling dynasties in the Arab East voluntarily give up power? Did not the recent Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak drag his son to the Egyptian throne right up to the beginning of the Arab Spring?

In December, Stun 1948 withdrew Soviet troops from North Korea. Truman, President of the United States, withdrew American troops from South Korea ...
On January 1, 1949, our family returned to the USSR from North Korea. The Far East greeted us with bitter frosts, which we managed to grow out of in Korea. The climate is warmer there. High mountain ranges cut Kanko from the northern cold.

On a snowy road a truck took us from a nearby train station to Barabash. The military garrison was located in Barabash. The servicemen were its most numerous inhabitants. They did not produce, only consumed. Logistics logistics services worked day and night to feed thousands of soldiers and officers. The people fed their army in those very difficult post-war years, sometimes denying themselves the most necessary.

5. 1951 town of Barabash. Our family


In those years it was difficult to find a village in the Far East, in which no military units would stand. The country lived in victory, but was preparing for a new war.

4. 1950 town of Barabash. Fourth grade.


The war in Korea

In China, the war continued between the Red Army of the Communist Party led by Mao Zedong and the army of the American protege, the Kuomintang Chiang Kai-shek. October 1 1949 in Beijing Mao Zedong proclaimed the formation of the People's Republic of China. In China, the construction of a non-capitalist society began, continuing to the present.

Under Stalin, socialism went beyond the borders of the USSR. He stretched from Berlin in the West to Beijing, Indochina in the East. A quarter of humanity was in the world of public ownership, power - in the hands of working people. Freed from the colonial yoke of Europe, most peoples of Asia and Africa. Under Stalin, the World backstage lost control of the world. Only Western Europe and the colonies of European "democracies" remained in her hands. For the first time in the history of mankind, the existence of private ownership of the means of production and natural wealth as such has come under threat.

To preserve capitalist property on the planet, 18 August 1948. Washington adopted the secret National Security Council Directive 20 / 1 (now known as the A. Dulles Doctrine) - a plan to undermine the communist and labor movement in capitalist countries and destroy the Russian socialist civilization under construction . In it were formulated the main tasks of the Western special services, the implementation of which stretched for almost half a century:
a) "to reduce the power and influence of Moscow to such limits at which it will no longer pose a threat to peace and stability of the international (read: bourgeois, imperialist - Yu.G.) community;
b) "to make fundamental changes in the theory and practice of international relations, which the government adheres to (headed at that time by Stalin-Y.G.), who is in power in Russia."

The Directive set itself the task of "reducing to a reasonable extent the disproportionate manifestations of Russian power ... The satellites should be given the opportunity to liberate themselves radically:
- from Russian domination,
- from the Russian ideological influence,
- the myth of the USSR as an outstanding source of humankind’s hope for improvement must be thoroughly exposed,
- traces of the impact of this myth must be completely eliminated. "

Tensions between the DPRK and South Korea increased. The ruling circles of the West aggravated the situation. In 1948-1949 armed clashes on the 38 parallel increased. Both Koreas sent reconnaissance and sabotage groups into each other’s territory. Relations exacerbated, it went to war.

We did not know either that in April 1950, Washington adopted the secret doctrine of the NSC 68. (Developer Paul Nitze. The document was published in public in 1975). It outlined the main directions of the Cold War with the USSR:
- to consider the main purpose of the United States is the destruction of the countries of the socialist community at any cost; the existence of the USSR itself is aggression against the United States and the entire "free world";
- to lead a long-term anti-communist campaign; continue the militarization of the American economy, build up the Military-Industrial Complex;
- refrain from any negotiations with the USSR; it is advisable to conduct negotiations with the new government, which is formed after the defeat of the USSR on its territory.

Less than a year after the Chinese people dropped the American puppet of Chiang Kai-shek into the Pacific, the war in Korea began. It began with an armed uprising of the Korean people in the south for freedom and independence; for uniting the Korean nation. Dictator Lee Seung Manu managed to crush him. Korean landowners and the bourgeoisie, gathered in the south of the country, supported the anti-communist hysteria unleashed in the country. Many leftist politicians were arrested or killed.

The Workers Party of North Korea called on the Korean people to unite, to a revolutionary uprising against the power of the Korean landowners and the bourgeoisie. The North Korean army came to the aid of the workers of South Korea. Within a few days, Korean workers and the North Korean army liberated most of the country’s territory.

The war began. President Truman of the United States declared: "Returning to the rule of force in international affairs is fraught with far-reaching consequences. The United States will continue to defend the rule of law." Under these beautiful words of the American president, an American landing force landed in Korea. Soon, many capitalist states sent their troops to Korea. The commander of the military units of the Western armed forces on the peninsula, Full General Douglas MacArthur (1980-1964). Suffering one defeat after another, MacArthur appealed to Truman with a request to use nuclear weapons. Truman refused and already in April 1951 recalled the zealous warrior to his homeland.

You can recall the past "exploits" of General MacArthur. He "glorified" himself in the summer of 1932, when US President Herbert Hoover ordered him to crush the tent camp and smoke gas from government buildings of World War I veterans in the American capital. 20 thousand veterans organized a march to Washington with a demand to pay the bonuses due to them. During the years of depression, they and their families were left without work and livelihoods. MacArthur (who was then helped by the "famous" Major Dwight Eisenhower, the future president of the USA) sent six veterans to tanks, four divisions of infantry and cavalry, a company of machine gunners and "brilliantly" completed the task: a thousand veterans were poisoned by gas, two were killed, the tent camp was burned down. (Zinn, Howard. US Folk History. M.: Whole World Publishing House, 2006, pp. 483-484).

Foreign intervention in Korea is a frequently used method of imperial occupation. First, they divide the country into South and North (Korea, Vietnam) or East and West (Germany) or white and red (Russia) or Sunni and Shiite (Middle East), and then start a civil war between them. Three years "democrats" and "fighters for human rights" ruthlessly bombed small Korea, burned down cities and towns, mercilessly destroyed civilians.

The USSR and the PRC could not stand aside and provided immediate military assistance to the Korean people. We were worried about the Koreans. They became native to those of us who lived there, helping the Koreans to build a new life. I still worry about the fate of this long-suffering nation.
China fought on the side of North Korea, the entire capitalist world - on the side of South Korea. It was the first local war after the Second World War between the two socio-political systems, between the world bourgeoisie and the world working population of the planet.
The war lasted three years. Truman's "rule of law" led to the death of more than 2,5 million Koreans, more than 80 percent of the housing stock, industrial and transport infrastructure of both states were destroyed. On the side of South Korea, the United States, Great Britain and a number of other countries participated (under the UN flag). On the side of North Korea is China. The USSR provided military technical assistance to North Korea and China. The imperialist war in Korea ended with a truce concluded in 1953 (Tell me at least one Western country that fought in Korea, in which more than 80 percent of the housing stock was destroyed in its territory in the second half of the twentieth century!) .

At the beginning of 50, I asked myself more than once: did the American imperialists turn Pyongyang and Kanko into a pile of ruins? Did they burn that wonderful monastery that sheltered the Soviet summer camp?

One may argue today about who started the war in Korea in 1950 (see http://zavtra.ru/content/view/vojna-narodnaya/), if the disputants do not know what the geopolitical situation in the world after World War II or deliberately distort it. Each country liberated by the USSR and its allies from German fascism or Japanese occupation, the choice of the further path of development was very limited: either capitalist or non-capitalist, socialist. Such a choice was offered by him in the history of mankind for the first time.

The capitalist path suggested:
- preservation of private ownership of land and means of production;
- voluntary submission of the national political elite to the US ruling circles - Washington and complicity in the suppression of the communist, working, socialist movements on the planet;
- financial subordination of the banking system of the state to Wall Street and the complete openness of national markets to transnational corporations.
The second, pro-Soviet, non-capitalist development path suggested a completely different package of transformations:
- the rupture of political, financial, economic relations with capitalist countries, the nationalization of the property of foreign companies and banks, the creation of a public sector in the economy;
- solving social problems of the population and strengthening friendly relations with socialist countries and people's democratic regimes.

The dictators and bourgeois elite of South Korea chose capitalism. The people of North Korea chose the pro-Soviet, non-capitalist path of development. To date, the two Koreas are developing in opposite ways of organizing economic and political life. Therefore, calls for the unification of two Koreas with different political systems are meaningless.

From a geopolitical point of view, North Korea occupies a very important strategic position, like Afghanistan in Central Asia, Israel and Egypt in the Middle East, Panama in America. North Korea could become a convenient NATO military base near the borders of the USSR and China.
From a military-strategic point of view, the governments of China and the USSR, South Korea’s territory could become a convenient base for covering its borders from a sudden US attack from its military bases scattered across the countries of Southeast Asia.

In any case, Korea was doomed to war — civil and imperialist — in 1950. The interests of the ruling classes of the two military-political blocs clashed head-on. 60 years have passed since the Korean War, and the situation on the Korean Peninsula today remains explosive for the same reasons.

What are the reasons for the sustainability of the socialist regime in North Korea?

First, there are no foreigners in its state and party apparatus. Only Koreans by nationality work in them.
Secondly, the population supports its own army, which has nuclear weapons of its own production.

Thirdly, there is no unemployment in the country, child homelessness, prostitution and drug addiction. A strict ban has been imposed on bourgeois propaganda of egoism, individualism, violence, seksomanii, which cannot be said of South Korea.

Fourthly, the population enjoys free housing, medicine and education. It lives in a world of national culture in form and socialist in content.

Fifth, the Korean leadership and the people deeply understand the reasons for the collapse of the USSR and the restoration of capitalism in Russia. Koreans and Chinese, with bitterness, or even tears in their eyes, as one elderly Chinese woman told me, watched as Gorbachev, Thatcher and Reagan "united" Germany and smashed public property in East Germany, how state property in Russia and former socialist countries were plundered. the republics, how they eliminated the Soviet and then the Russian army, as they turned the robbed, impoverished Russian population into a disenfranchised mass, exploited by foreign-born oligarchs.

Try to convince the Koreans of the North that their socialist state, which they are trying to strangle with bourgeois democracy, should be united with the South!

So that the bourgeois and yellow liberal press does not write about North Korea today, the vitality of the political and economic system created by the Kim Il Sung family is amazing. She resisted after the anti-socialist reforms of Khrushchev and Gorbachev. Resigned after the collapse of the USSR and the restoration of capitalism in the former socialist states. She has been perfecting her socio-political and economic system for nearly a decade of 70.

Of course, it is not easy for Koreans to live on food rations, but they know that they are stifled not by the leadership of the country, but by the tentacles of the Western embargo. There are a lot of unsolved problems in the country, and in which country are they not? Without friendly government support from China and Russia in this small state there would be much more.

Difficulties, problems exist in any state, including a socialist one. However, one should take into account the age of the systems: capitalist and socialist. Capitalism is the result of a thousand-year development of private property. The newborn society with public property, called socialism, was not even hundreds of years old. He has not yet revealed his universal potential. Why, then, is gray-haired capitalism so afraid of this newborn and is trying by any means to destroy its system of nationwide, workers 'and peasants' property?

Why didn’t the official delegation from the leadership of the Russian Federation come to the celebrations marking the 60 anniversary of the victory in the Patriotic War of Liberation of the Korean people in July of this year? Why do most of the Russian media still sling mud at socialist Korea and not touch bourgeois South? Who benefits from it - the Russian rulers or the Western? ...


My childhood dream of becoming a military man came true: I served in the army as a military translator. (Read my officers' memories on http://topwar.ru/30223-napishi-mne-mama-v-egipet.html).
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  1. fluke
    fluke 13 August 2013 08: 58 New
    -10
    It feels like this article was written in 70 years, commissioned by some Soviet magazine.
    Honor you, well, North Korea’s dream country, except for the fact that there’s nothing to eat and the people in the province are dying of hunger.
    1. fartfraer
      fartfraer 13 August 2013 10: 36 New
      0
      and how many people are left in the province? when the latter will die? otherwise they have been dying for 20 years and still haven’t died.
      1. fartfraer
        fartfraer 13 August 2013 10: 48 New
        +5
        all members of the forum, zombie talking about the starving people of the DPRK and laughing at their ideology, leader, etc. I want to remind the story - in our country there is a city heroically resisting being in the blockade, producing weapons and ammunition while being in the blockade. where people were dying of hunger in the thousands, but did not give up. I understand your priorities — it’s delicious to eat and to sleep soundly. However, there are things and more important (for me)
        you did not notice the words about medicine in the DPRK (albeit not world-class, but free, publicly available), you did not notice anything good in this post. Only one thought, apparently, gnaws at you - "but how to eat there?" The DPRK’s existence for years in world isolation shows that they eat regularly. Maybe not enough, but regularly. I think in that Soviet city, which I mentioned above, the rations of Koreans would be for happiness.
        Now attention is to the question of which city I spoke about and how many rations there were in grams of ration per inhabitant (worker, employee, dependent. These are rations of different weights), please do not prompt Leningraders
        1. Pimply
          Pimply 13 August 2013 16: 28 New
          -1
          Free medicine in the USSR was also not entirely free. Doctors maxed out in full. If you are not aware of the DPRK medicine, I advise you to read Lankov, for example.

          Or maybe you are also not aware that the DPRK receives food aid annually from its worst enemies in the USA, Japan, and South Korea?

          Or how about the fact that rations - and partially only - are provided only in Pyongyang and a number of central cities, and the country now lives mainly on a corrupt grassroots economy and on ties with China. You know?
          1. 7ydmco
            7ydmco 13 August 2013 22: 28 New
            0
            Well, then open our eyes to the corruption of North Korea's lower economy, do you have a credible source? Well, not with elephant.ru, did you pick it up? smile
          2. fartfraer
            fartfraer 14 August 2013 06: 28 New
            +1
            "Or maybe you are also not aware that the DPRK annually receives food aid from its bitter enemies the United States, Japan, South Korea?" - so let's strain our brains and think about who drove the DPRK into such a situation. The leaders of the DPRK or "democratic" countries, in including those that you listed. Well, these "democrats" are announcing the DPRK embargo all the time? it would be much easier to open the borders for goods and sell them (these goods, products, etc.) and then the "incapable" regime itself would collapsed.
            "Free medicine in the USSR was also not entirely free." Is understandable. Another thing is who paid for it. "Doctors were given the full program" - yes, there were such cases, I will not argue, but it was not a system. And doctors did not find non-existent diseases.
        2. fluke
          fluke 13 August 2013 19: 50 New
          0
          It gnaws at me that one part of the people lives in full prosperity and well-being, taking advantage of all the benefits of civilization and progress, is one of the world leaders in the field of high technology and science. And the other part of the same people collects brushwood in order to keep warm in winter and eats poorly and, yes, often dies of hunger. If you think malnutrition is acceptable, then I suggest trying to starve, as one time in the 90s, then we'll see.
          What do you know about "Mom, I want to eat" when there is nothing to eat, there is no money and nowhere to take.
          And most importantly, the inhabitants of the DPRK do not have the right to choose, and in many ways do not even know about the very existence of this choice.
          And, of course, mass escapes and escape attempts from the country, which are severely punished, are also from a bright life with Juche ideas.
          By the way, the comparison with the city besieged during the war is very true. That's just the enemy of the people of the DPRK - their own state, but, unfortunately, he does not know about it.
          1. 7ydmco
            7ydmco 13 August 2013 22: 34 New
            +2
            Similar crocodile tears about the fate of Soviet people languishing in dark totalitarianism were shed by the gentlemen from the SS and Goebels for a couple. Keep up the good work, so win ..... or not smile
          2. fartfraer
            fartfraer 14 August 2013 06: 38 New
            0
            "It gnaws at me that one part of the people lives in full prosperity and prosperity, taking advantage of all the benefits of civilization and progress, is one of the world leaders in the field of high technologies and science. And another part of the same people collects brushwood in order to keep warm in winter and from he eats poorly and, yes, often dies of hunger "- the same thing in RF. I can prove it using the example of Tomsk, if you have doubts.
            "If you consider malnutrition acceptable, then I propose to try to go hungry, like I did at one time in the 90s, then we'll see" - in the case when an economic war is waged against the DPRK, malnutrition is only a consequence. And you can get rid of it only through victory ( blockade) or defeat.
            "And, of course, mass escapes and attempts to escape from the country, which are severely punished, also from the bright life by the ideas of the Juche" - the problem is that only Koreans live in the DPRK. And the ideas of those who are more powerful there. most support the Juchis.
            "That's just the enemy of the people of the DPRK - their own state" - and how does this enemy act? Does it restrict its people from the "cult of consumption"? Doesn't give the right to drive people into credit bondage by banks?
  2. Kovrovsky
    Kovrovsky 13 August 2013 10: 20 New
    0
    In Soviet times, there was one point of view that South Korea started the war together with the United States, and North Korea defended itself heroically, though it came to Seoul defending itself!
    1. fartfraer
      fartfraer 13 August 2013 10: 38 New
      0
      there was someone to learn. At one time, the Nazis began a war that ended in Berlin.
      and generally the best defense is an attack)
  3. Standard Oil
    Standard Oil 13 August 2013 10: 37 New
    +1
    Rather, they were not opposed to war both in the North and in the South, and both of them had powerful patrons, so they decided to decide who would rule over Korea, only it did not work out, and the "UN" had to intervene on the one hand, and on the other China in order to save its protégés. And of course the silent overhang of the USSR did its job.
  4. fartfraer
    fartfraer 13 August 2013 12: 55 New
    0
    By the way, I found this info
    http://gorod.tomsk.ru/index-1376360143.php
    DPRK begins production of cell phones of its own design. RF does not start something ...
  5. Aleks tv
    Aleks tv 13 August 2013 13: 05 New
    +2
    Interesting memories.
    Especially about the arrangement of the families of Soviet troops in North Korea before the war.
    I have not read anything like it.
    Thanks to the author.
    1. Pimply
      Pimply 13 August 2013 16: 29 New
      -5
      Yes. Here the main thing is personal memories. They are worth reading. The authors' own inventions seem more like deep insanity.
      1. 7ydmco
        7ydmco 13 August 2013 23: 35 New
        0
        What a capacious remark about senility, and how much specificity and objectivity is in it. smile Right word, there is something to admire smile
  6. Day 11
    Day 11 13 August 2013 13: 34 New
    0
    Well, have everyone gathered, or will we wait for someone else? I will tell you about the DPRK. I promised you to cover the topic of sex in this country
    1. smiths xnumx
      smiths xnumx 13 August 2013 13: 35 New
      +1
      Come on Dan, burn our fragile hearts with your verb! You know the topic about the DPRK to me is not indifferent. Yours faithfully! hi
  7. Day 11
    Day 11 13 August 2013 13: 51 New
    0
    I give you an article from our S. Korean GB-shniks, working for the glory of the Juche idea on the Internet! The article is called "Excitement of the machine operator. Kim Jong Il finds a lubrication point."
    This is what happened between him and the female worker during the production practice of young Kim Jong Il at the factory. Although this story is just a small episode, it also showed the extraordinary nature of Kim Jong Il.

    A day was spent on equipment prevention and testing, which Kim Jong Il faced for the first time after coming to the plant. From early morning, workers were busy putting equipment in order. Kim Jong-il, together with everyone, put in order the lathe No. 26 on which he worked. He examined every detail, every node, which took a lot of time and effort.

    Wiping the machine with a rag, he suddenly noticed that the girl who was servicing the cross-planing machine, putting it in order, poured oil. The youngest in the workshop, she always showed dexterity in work and now was the first to finish the adjustment.

    Kim Jong Il, having finished examining the machine, went up to her with an oiled rag in his hand. The machine shone like glass. Smiling, he carefully looked around the machine. Then he wiped with a rag those places that were hard to reach with his hand, and then he tried to turn the handle.

    - And why is the rotation of the handle so difficult? - He asked.

    The girl replied that so long ago.

    - Can not be. If it is greased, it should rotate easily. When was the oil poured?

    “This handle has no lubrication point,” the girl said confidently.

    - No? And how many lubrication points does this machine have?

    - Twenty one.

    The girl's answer was sure how this happens with those who perfectly know their machine.

    “Twenty-one points ... Is that true?” He asked again with a smile on his face.

    Flashing her dark eyes, she was counting something in her mind and again replied that it was true.

    - Can not be! Well, let's see! - And he began to rotate the handle, carefully following each movement. Then, pointing to the axis, he said that there must be a lubrication point.

    The machine operator shook her head. No matter how you look, the lubrication point was not visible. Kim Jong Il pulled out a groove scraper from the tool box and began to clean off the greasy dirt. As the dirt layer disappeared, a lubrication point gradually began to appear. The girl was amazed when she saw a new point of lubrication.

    Looking at the machine operator with a wide smile, Kim Jong Il softly said:

    - All rotating parts of the machines must be lubricated. By following this rule exactly, you can improve your machine care.
  8. Day 11
    Day 11 13 August 2013 13: 52 New
    +2
    Everything did not fit in, continued --- The girl blushed. She had been servicing this machine for several years, but she did not know exactly how many lubrication points were on it. She was ashamed.

    Glancing at the bewildered girl, he said:

    “It is good that we found a lubrication point until the machine fell into disrepair.”

    And he began to pour oil into it. Then he asked the girl to turn the handle. She spun easily now, without much effort. The girl clapped her hands in joy, as if something unusual had happened. He looked at her with a bright smile for a long time, and then quietly said with a serious look:

    - Among other workers there may be such people who carry out technical care, not understanding the principles of the machine. But what if you show an example of exemplary care for the machine and initiate the movement “For exemplary service and maintenance of the machines”? When the comrades follow your example, a fracture will occur in the operation of the equipment in the workshop.

    The girl thought for a moment, and then excitedly answered:

    “Yes, that will be done.” Mandatory.

    But she was in doubt. But is she entitled to initiate such a mass social movement as the struggle “For exemplary service and maintenance of machine tools”? Having guessed her thoughts, Kim Jong Il advised her to boldly get down to business and promised to help in every possible way.

    Encouraged by his advice and great confidence, the young machinist made a lot of efforts to show examples of machine service. Every day, Kim Jong Il monitored the condition of her machine and suggested which shortcomings should be eliminated. When he was not able to do this due to employment, he always asked one of the student students to help her.

    The days passed, and the girl became an exemplary machinist. Her fame spread throughout the plant. On the day that she was first awarded the title of Exemplary Machine Worker, she thanked Kim Jong Il for his great confidence.

    But he, a modest and simple man, wholeheartedly congratulated her on success, attaching a pennant with the inscription “Model Machine” to her machine.

    An example of a young machinist was followed by the entire workshop. So the mass movement for exemplary maintenance of equipment unfolded, which became one of the links in the movement for the title of the Chollim brigade. It spread with lightning speed throughout the plant.

    A story about finding a lubrication point quickly flew around the entire plant. The Chollima Brigade Movement has entered a new stage of development.

    Later, people of this plant with warmth recalled this incident. They all admired how a new lubrication point was found. But even more they were struck by the fact that Kim Jong Il has the extraordinary ability of a manager, that he was able to radically improve the work of caring for the equipment.
  9. smiths xnumx
    smiths xnumx 13 August 2013 14: 05 New
    +1
    The siseg topic is not disclosed, not CARE. But still a plus! Regards, buddy! hi
  10. Day 11
    Day 11 13 August 2013 14: 08 New
    0
    I was expecting the topic of boobs! But the lubrication point of the girl-machine operator wassat
    1. 7ydmco
      7ydmco 13 August 2013 23: 30 New
      -3
      With age, spermatoxicosis usually disappears, and this is encouraging. smile
  11. Day 11
    Day 11 13 August 2013 14: 15 New
    0
    Here, by the way, is the very girl-machine operator whose Commander was looking for a lubrication point
  12. The comment was deleted.
  13. 7ydmco
    7ydmco 13 August 2013 22: 19 New
    0
    Quote: Pimply
    Free medicine in the USSR was also not entirely free. Doctors maxali in full


    Can I talk more about maxals in full?
  14. Rubik
    Rubik 14 August 2013 00: 13 New
    -2
    The whole article is similar to the Soviet agitation of the 50-60s. Very primitively written. Author, return to the DPRK and write an article about the great construction of socialism after the collapse of the USSR.
    1. fartfraer
      fartfraer 14 August 2013 06: 42 New
      +1
      Soviet propaganda campaigns were much more honest than "democratic" propaganda. They glorified human labor for the good of society and their own good, respectively. And someone, and the bearers of the Ukrainian flag, should know about this better than me.