The Far East celebrates the Victory Day over fascist Germany on May 9, and the Day of Victory over militaristic Japan - September 2.
This year, the world remembers the Korean War (1950-1953). In Korea, it is called the “Patriotic Liberation War”. It took 60 years after its completion.
The participants of the Great Patriotic War who saved millions of lives, the entire planet from fascist Germany and militarist Japan, go into eternity. My generation, born on the eve of World War II, is also leaving. Eyewitnesses to the events of the first post-war decade are getting smaller, but more and more lies about the Korean War and North Korea appear in the Russian bourgeois media.
My father took an active part in the war with Japan, the liberation of North Korea, and in building a new life in this country. We lived in Korea for three years. About what I saw in Korea as a child, and how I see events in this country today, is my story.
My childhood was spent in the Far East. In 1945 we lived in Slavyanka on the very coast of the Pacific Ocean. I was six years old, and I remember Slavyanka vaguely: only the bay, in the warm waters of which we swam in the summer, military torpedo boats, sailors, my father's military unit and neighbors in two barracks built almost on the shore.
My father served in the regimental headquarters. My mother and I came to him on a call in 1944 from our small homeland - from the Southern Urals. My mother told me that before the war my father worked in a bank, and she was in charge of a kindergarten in Fershampenuaz. Papa was called to serve in the Red Army in August 1939. His service was held in a cavalry regiment in the Far East, in Slavyanka. Mom moved to Kulikovka to her grandmother and began working on the collective farm. Pope had three months to serve when the Great Patriotic War began. She changed the life of our family, like the lives of all people on the planet.
I do not remember how my grandmother collected us on a long journey, how we got to Gumbakey, the closest railway station, as we traveled for many days in Siberia. I remember that the car was a reserved seat and very old. Conductor in the evening lit a kerosene lamp and put it in a glass box above the aisle. The lamp on the car was, it seems, only four. The windows were icy. In the car was twilight. For some reason this dim light hit the memory. I remember that the conductor often went out into the vestibule, pounded with an ax, then with buckets, constantly heated the stove, but it was still cold in the car.
We drove for a long time. Finally arrived in the city of Ussuriysk. My father did not meet us: wrong in the calculations. We settled in the room of the mother and child - a large hall, bright and clean, with tall windows. In the children's memory, the room of the mother and child remained a vivid picture of the hall, reminiscent of the one in which Natasha Rostova danced at the ball in the film “War and Peace” by Bondarchuk.
My mother and I went to the bath. Returned to the station, and my mother put me to sleep on the chairs. Suddenly, I woke up as if something flashed before my eyes. I opened my eyes: Dad was kissing my forehead.
- Dad, Dad! - I cried, although I saw him for the first time in my life. I happily and tightly hugged his neck. I was four years old.
Ussuriisk was the first city I visited in my life. The next day we reached Slavyanka.
In Slavyanka we lived like everyone else. Potatoes were planted. Dad was getting rations. I remember gauze bags with American biscuits and tiny pea-colored sugar candies. These were the first sweets that I tried in my life.
I remember very well the Victory Day over fascism - May 9 of the year 1945!
It was a bright sunny day. A plane flew in the blue sky and dropped colored leaflets: “The war is over! Germany capitulated! Victory!” The people exulted. The Soviet people saved their homeland from fascist and capitalist enslavement!
It seemed adults were crazy. They cried, laughed and shouted "Hurray!". That evening long joyful toasts sounded "For the Motherland! For Stalin!" and the songs "Spark", "Dark Night", "The girl was accompanied to the position of a fighter."
How we hoped that after the Second World War there would be no more such tragedies on our planet! "With the war, we ended the scores." “Do Russians want war?” Asks the song that was born in the hearts of my generation. To this day, goosebumps run down my back, tears come to my eyes when I hear the words and music of the song “Get up is a huge country, get up for a mortal combat.” I remember that May Victory Day and the young faces of the parents come to life in my memory.
Our family is lucky. The Red Army did not let the fascists to the Urals, our small homeland. Do not set foot and the Japanese samurai in the Soviet Far East, in the Slav. We did not live under the occupiers.
It is difficult to write about the war to those who saw the people's tragedy with their children's eyes: tears of mothers, funerals. Who was left an orphan. Who saw one-legged, one-armed, curved-eyed, burned veterans from churches on the streets of cities in the first post-war years. Who grew up in poor families without fathers. And there were tens of millions of them.
I consider myself to be this generation. To the very one that remembers how a mother chopped up chairs for firewood, to warm the children, but to cook the soup; how a starving mother gave the last crust to a hungry child; how mothers quietly sang "Dark Night". To the generation that saw with their children's eyes how the fascists shot the partisans, how they burned Russian old men and children, how they raped Soviet women during the years of the fascist genocide of the Russian nation.
It is easiest to write about war for money, to condemn Stalin, laugh at the feat of Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya and the Young Guard, blacken the great feat of the Russian people, equate communism with fascism, defile the memory of socialist Russian civilization, lie, lie and lie. For big lies always pay big money.
The war with Japan soon began - 9 August. It ended 2 September 1945
I remember one time two Japanese planes flew over Slavyanka at a low altitude. We managed to see large red circles on the wings. Nearby were fighting. Papin regiment fought in Manchuria. We were worried about dad and his comrades, for our Red Workers 'and Peasants' Army. War is war.
Recently I read articles on the Internet about those days of the war. For twenty years, Japan has occupied Manchuria and other regions of China. The blood of tens of millions of people caked on the samurai’s dirty feet. The unprecedented atrocities of the Japanese in China alone claimed 35 million lives and caused damage to the country totaling over 600 billion dollars. (cm.: "Why do the Japanese hate in neighboring Asian countries")
I learned that in only three weeks of August the Soviet army completely crushed the million Kwantung Army. Her losses in killed were 84 thousand people, captured 594 thousand. The losses of the Far Eastern army were 18 thousand people; This is a huge fee for the freedom of Manchuria and Korea!
Japanese prisoners of war were taken to the USSR, they were placed in special camps. Their work was used to the maximum in the Far East and in Siberia. In Primorsky Krai there were 75 thousand Japanese, they built houses, dams, felled forests, etc. Such use of prisoners of war in peaceful construction sites is justified and fair. (http://www.konkurent.ru/starii_print.php?id=7110)
15 August, the Japanese command announced the surrender of its troops in Korea. The Red Army liberated North Korea. The Soviet military command took over the organization of its own administration. At first, the representatives of the Soviet command in the field were military commanders.
In October 1945 was alerted to the family of servicemen in Slavyanka: in a couple of days they will have to go to North Korea. Mom put things in two old suitcases. We were seated in the back of the Studecocker. The motorcade with families under the protection of machine gunners hit the road. We drove across the plain. We spent the night in some Chinese town. Around the gardens and rice fields. We drove into Korea, the fells began. The road is narrow: two cars do not disperse. On the one hand the abyss. Then again the gardens, rice fields, apple orchards. I first saw apples in the trees. In the gardens between the trees were strung ropes with empty cans. The breeze shook the banks, they thundered and frightened away the birds.
The city of Kanko (Hamkhung - this is the name of this second largest city in the DPRK) arrived at noon. Houses on the outskirts of the city. Hills. Daddy's house corner. The door is not locked. Dad was delighted. We, too. He is alive and well. He treated us with American stew and biscuits.
How fickle life is. Just a couple of months ago, Japanese soldiers and their families lived in these houses. From them were left in the house statues of Buddha, a Japanese saber. Now Soviet officers lived in this village on the outskirts of the city. We were friends with families. We went to visit each other. We became friends with the Bakulin family. One week she cooked lunch, her mom's dinner, the other - Aunt Marusya. On weekends, they arranged festive dinners.
The officers were given rations. I want to emphasize that in the postwar years and even during the Japanese occupation in Kanko there were shops and restaurants. The war with Japan developed so rapidly that the colonialists did not have time to destroy the economy of Korea. It was possible to buy used clothes on the black market, and products at the market. Mom bought women's watch, but in the evening they stopped. The next day, she went to the bazaar with Aunt Marusya. They found a seller. Big Aunt Marusia took a puny Korean by the collar, shook her, and he meekly returned the money to the "Russian Madame."
Even fruit appeared in our house. Delicious Korean apples did not go off our table all three years while we were living in Korea. These were the first apples in my life.
The nature of North Korea - the hills and valleys along the rivers. They began literally at our house. In the hills, the Japanese cut deep tunnels in case of bombing. In them we with boys played war. On one short hill there was a Buddhist temple. Young Korean couples came to him on their wedding days. The boys and I made trips to this temple. We went on his terraces. Admired our seemingly small houses from afar. If you walk past the temple even further, you could get to a high cliff and admire the creek, a bright snake deep down below, running away into the distance for another ridge of hills.
I remember Saturday evenings, when families of fighting friends would take turns in someone's house, drink a bag of drinks, sing wartime songs, dance to a gramophone. So they expressed their joy: they managed to survive the most terrible war in stories humanity.
I remember how toasts were made at the festive table:
- For the Motherland! For Stalin! For victory! Meet us on the hundred first floor!
It was meant in New York. The workers 'and peasants' Red Army after the war was the most powerful army in the world. She had combat experience in conducting operations on any terrain with the most modern weapons. The highest was her morale: order Stalin to launch an offensive against the West, the troops would immediately follow his order and in a month all of Western Europe would be conquered by the Red Army. "The Red Army is the strongest of all," sang Russian heroes. Such moods prevailed among the Russian officers in those days!
The Red Army liberated North Korea from the Japanese colonialists, the American army - the South. For about three years, the Red Army held North Korea under its control. The Soviet civil administration ensured the country's transition from a private-ownership system to a society based on public ownership. In the country there was a sharp class struggle. The bourgeoisie left North Korea and moved to South.
Dad told me many years later that Kim Il Sung (1912-1994) was active in the partisan movement in Korea, Manchuria, served in the Red Army and returned to Korea as a captain. In December, 1945, he, the leader of the North Korean Communists, led the country's state apparatus. In February, the 1946 was established by the North Korean Provisional People’s Committee.
The Korean Workers' Party under his leadership carried out political, economic, ideological reforms in the interests of the masses, and not in the interests of the bourgeoisie and landowners, as in South Korea. In 1946, nationalization was declared. The land was redistributed in favor of small and poor peasant farms. 90 percent of the economy to 1949 was nationalized.
Papa said that in September 1945 was created by the American military government to control the American zone of influence on the Korean Peninsula. It delivered its protege Lee Seung Man (1875-1965) to Tokyo and after a secret meeting with General MacArthur on his personal plane - to South Korea.
He was tasked with strengthening the bourgeois regime in South Korea and creating the South Korean armed forces. 15 August 1948. He proclaimed the creation of a Korean state in the American zone of occupation.
My father said that the South Korean intelligence service under the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea sent its agents to the North in order to organize the assassination of a number of major leaders of the North Korean regime. Attempts on all of these figures really happened in the spring of 1946, but none of them were crowned with success. Leaflets appeared in different parts of the country calling for opposition to the Soviet presence, and there were separate acts of disobedience. In general, the new regime did not meet with serious resistance of the population.
At the same time, in the South, where by the end of 1946, the Left Opposition launched a real civil war against the Provisional Government imported from the United States and local authorities. Hundreds of thousands, if not millions of Koreans took part in protest actions in the South, and many thousands went to the mountains and joined the partisan detachments of communists.
As a result of a complex unification process, the North Korea Workers Party was created. It provided the Soviet authorities with better control over the events taking place in the country. Under the direct supervision of Soviet officers, the Armed Forces were created. They were equipped with Japanese and Soviet weapons. Officially, the creation of the North Korean army was announced only in February 1948. The Soviet authorities provided the North Korean leadership with a variety of support and assistance in resolving emerging problems.
Hundreds of Soviet Koreans and their families were sent from the USSR to North Korea. They graduated from Soviet universities, worked in various positions in the Soviet or party organs. Some of them were married to Russian women and spoke Russian at home.
The country was recovering national economy. The traditional folk culture developed. Korean children went to school. In the USSR, hundreds of Korean students went to study. Life is gradually getting better.
1. 1946 City of Kanko. With friends. Photos of Korean high school student
In 1946, my father was transferred to serve in Pyongyang, the capital of North Korea. In that year, Soviet schools for Soviet children opened in major Korean cities. For several months, the Soviet government sent thousands of doctors, teachers to Korea, printed and sent thousands of textbooks.
I remember the first of September 1946. This day became a holiday for me. I had a small briefcase bought on the market. On his head, father in the sun faded in the sun with a red asterisk.
We, Soviet children, were taken to the school by military buses. It was located in the protected government district of Pyongyang.
I remember how, in a crowded class, the three of us sat down at the desks and were given one primer for three. When the lessons ended, and I, joyful and excited, found my mother. She was waiting for me along with other women. Mom bought me a couple of apples and led me to a Korean photographer. This photo, in which I am smiling, is standing with a big apple in my hand, I still keep it in the album.
2. 1946 Pyongyang City. First grade
I remember that there were not enough notebooks in a slanting ruler for spelling and a cell in arithmetic. My father used to hand me notebooks in the evenings. I wrote sticks, letters, numbers with great diligence under his supervision. And although I had to study in eight schools for ten years, I remember the name of my first teacher, Nina I. Ivanova.
3. 1947 Pyongyang. Soviet school. First grade
I remember that for good study and exemplary behavior in the first grade I was rewarded with a small volume of Tvardovsky poems in a red cover. I have kept him all my life. Daddy liked poems about rewards. I learned them by heart. At the Christmas party, I was put on a chair under hanging Christmas decorations, and for the first time in my life I spoke to the public.
No, guys, I'm not proud.
Without looking into the distance,
I will say: Why do I need an order
I agree to a medal ...
Officers applauded me, those who went through the war and wore orders and medals on their tunic. It was them that Tvardovsky sang. By the way, the Pope had a medal "For Courage" and the Order of the Red Star. How he and mom were proud of them!
In 1947, the father was again transferred to the city commander's office of Kanko, one of the divisions of the Soviet civil administration that controlled the entire system of people's committees of the North Korean authorities at that time. Now we lived in a small house for two Soviet families in the city center. Koreans lived around. We greeted our closest neighbors, but we could not talk to them: we did not know the language. The nationalization of bourgeois and landlord property was in full swing.
The commandant's office was headed by Colonel Scuba, a good-natured and never desponding big Ukrainian, outwardly similar, as it seemed to me, to Taras Bulba. It was a time when a man from the people was knocked out in the heads and commanders. He did not separate himself from his subordinates and lived by their interests. He called everyone who was younger than him "sons", "daughters". Like papin's regiment commander in Slavyanka, Scuba was an economic man.
There was an opportunity, and he started in part cows and pigs in order to have an additional source of food for soldiers and officers. Probably, the fear experienced by this generation worked before 20-30's famine.
Scuba started a livestock farm at the commandant's office. It took a milkmaid. He gathered the wives of the servicemen:
- We brought cows. We can organize the distribution of milk to children. But the soldiers do not know how to milk. Who among you can milk and agree to work on a voluntary basis?
Mom responded and became a milkmaid.
Scuba often drove to the farm.
“I love the smells of the cowshed and the pig farm,” he confessed honestly.
Mom met his wife and they became friends. She began to visit the commander's house. A soldier helped my mother from Ukraine too. He remembered his name - Savchenko. Good guy. He often came to visit us.
When parents left for holiday evenings, Savchenko came to our home. We had dinner with him, read Russian and Ukrainian fairy tales. He painted a fisherman in a Ukrainian hat under a tree by the lake. We are attached to each other. He often rolled me in a Japanese truck with wood heating when he went to feed.
I remember the summer of 1946. We went on vacation from Korea to the Urals. Father has not seen his mother for seven years. We drove to Chelyabinsk 19 days in a freight car. For hours, our "500 cheerful" idle at the stations, skipping freight trains with cargo. Passengers got acquainted, made friends. I remember the gypsy who danced "The Apple" on the belly for a coin.
We brought relatives a suitcase of cheap fabric. How much joy my grandmothers, brothers and sisters of my parents had: everyone is alive and well! How many new Russian, Ural and folk songs I heard, boy, on that visit!
In Kanko, Russian schoolchildren walked to school on foot. There were many students. The two-storey building of the Soviet high school stood next to the building of the Korean Medical School.
In Korea, I visited 1947 for the first time in a Soviet pioneer camp. My dad and I rode the train for a long time. In the car alone Koreans. We drove south - to the 38-th parallel dividing Korea into the Soviet and American zones of occupation.
The Soviet administration created a pioneer camp on the basis of a Catholic nunnery. The nuns returned to Europe. The abandoned monastery was put in order and for the summer they brought together Soviet children to the servicemen. The pioneer camp was commanded by a Soviet officer. Educators, counselors, cooks served as soldiers and sergeants.
The monastery was built on the outskirts of the city on a hillside on the shore of the warm sea. The steep coast was shackled in a stone shell. To the sea we descended a wide stone staircase. Swam troops in turn. While bathing, we were watched by several soldiers and sergeants. Precautions were strict.
On the day of arrival at the pioneer camp, they gathered us, built us up in a convoy, and led us to the soldiers' bathhouse. The next day, we were divided by age into ten groups. I was elected chairman of the first squad of the smallest Octobrists.
I remember how I wept bitterly the first night when my father left me in the camp, and he returned home. For the first time I was left alone - without mom and dad. When he calmed down a bit and removed the blanket from his face, his eyes rested on the high, like a dark sky, ceiling.
We had a spacious bright dining room. Nearby were the soldiers' kitchens on wheels. We were fed simply and satisfyingly: soup or borsch, porridge with meat or fish, always compote. You can take an additive.
Morning began with the construction of the line. Each of the ten commanders of the detachment, starting with me, the commander of the first detachment, reported to the camp commander on the readiness of the personnel to conduct day activities. Before going to the camp commander, I gave the command:
- Detachment, equate, quietly!
From the outside, it was apparently ridiculous to observe the scene of the report of the kid to the officer who passed the war. Older guys smiled.
The soldiers engaged in sports with us, held competitions, games, took us on hikes, lit bonfires, taught us to sing marines and pioneer songs ...
The next night I slept like a log. For the day tired. In the morning exercise on the parade ground. Then breakfast. Then we were taught to go about the formation, to sing line songs. They were taken to the sea and, before putting us into the sea, explained the rules of behavior and security measures for a long time. Everyone was asked if he could swim. I said I can. All those who could not assembled separately and began to learn to swim. Then lunch. Relaxation. High tea Sports competitions and the game of football between the two senior teams. We each supported our team.
Time flew by. When dad came for me, I didn't want to leave. I did not want to part with my comrades, with the soldiers, with the camp commander. We had time to get used to them ...
6. 1951 Ocean Ocean near Vladivostok. Pioneer camp - Black River
In April, 1948 adopted the Constitution of North Korea, in August elections to the Supreme People’s Assembly were held. In September, the formation of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) was proclaimed.
I remember my father took me, a boy, to a rally at which the head of the government and the party Kim Il Sung spoke in Kanko in honor of the proclamation of the DPRK. Then in September, such meetings were held in all cities and villages of Korea. Many red flags. Traditional dragons in 20-30 meters long with scary snouts.
I saw with childish eyes how the people rejoiced at the freedom acquired, how a new socialist state was born on the ruins of colonialism, which was destined to hold high the banner of socialism to the present day.
The DPRK will succeed in preserving the socialist gains and after the USSR disappears, as winners over German fascism and Japanese militarism will voluntarily surrender to the world bourgeoisie and turn Russia into a miserable colonial backwater.
Kim Il Sung will live a long and heroic life: the son of a Christian activist, partisan and partisan commander, officer of the Soviet Army will become the ruler and Great Leader of North Korea.
Today, bourgeois media and propaganda amicably condemn the "dynasty" of Kim Il Sung. The country is ruled by the grandson of the renowned leader of the Korean people. Isn’t it not the Rothschilds and the Rockefellers that rule Europe and America for a hundred and fifty years in a row? Is not the current Queen Elizabeth the Second ruled by England for sixty years? Didn't Queen Victoria rule the British Empire any longer? Did the ruling dynasties in the Arab East voluntarily give up power? Did not the recent Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak drag his son to the Egyptian throne right up to the beginning of the Arab Spring?
In December, Stun 1948 withdrew Soviet troops from North Korea. Truman, President of the United States, withdrew American troops from South Korea ...
On January 1, 1949, our family returned to the USSR from North Korea. The Far East greeted us with bitter frosts, which we managed to grow out of in Korea. The climate is warmer there. High mountain ranges cut Kanko from the northern cold.
On a snowy road a truck took us from a nearby train station to Barabash. The military garrison was located in Barabash. The servicemen were its most numerous inhabitants. They did not produce, only consumed. Logistics logistics services worked day and night to feed thousands of soldiers and officers. The people fed their army in those very difficult post-war years, sometimes denying themselves the most necessary.
5. 1951 town of Barabash. Our family
In those years it was difficult to find a village in the Far East, in which no military units would stand. The country lived in victory, but was preparing for a new war.
4. 1950 town of Barabash. Fourth grade.
The war in Korea
In China, the war continued between the Red Army of the Communist Party led by Mao Zedong and the army of the American protege, the Kuomintang Chiang Kai-shek. October 1 1949 in Beijing Mao Zedong proclaimed the formation of the People's Republic of China. In China, the construction of a non-capitalist society began, continuing to the present.
Under Stalin, socialism went beyond the borders of the USSR. He stretched from Berlin in the West to Beijing, Indochina in the East. A quarter of humanity was in the world of public ownership, power - in the hands of working people. Freed from the colonial yoke of Europe, most peoples of Asia and Africa. Under Stalin, the World backstage lost control of the world. Only Western Europe and the colonies of European "democracies" remained in her hands. For the first time in the history of mankind, the existence of private ownership of the means of production and natural wealth as such has come under threat.
To preserve capitalist property on the planet, 18 August 1948. Washington adopted the secret National Security Council Directive 20 / 1 (now known as the A. Dulles Doctrine) - a plan to undermine the communist and labor movement in capitalist countries and destroy the Russian socialist civilization under construction . In it were formulated the main tasks of the Western special services, the implementation of which stretched for almost half a century:
a) "to reduce the power and influence of Moscow to such limits at which it will no longer pose a threat to peace and stability of the international (read: bourgeois, imperialist - Yu.G.) community;
b) "to make fundamental changes in the theory and practice of international relations, which the government adheres to (headed at that time by Stalin-Y.G.), who is in power in Russia."
The Directive set itself the task of "reducing to a reasonable extent the disproportionate manifestations of Russian power ... The satellites should be given the opportunity to liberate themselves radically:
- from Russian domination,
- from the Russian ideological influence,
- the myth of the USSR as an outstanding source of humankind’s hope for improvement must be thoroughly exposed,
- traces of the impact of this myth must be completely eliminated. "
Tensions between the DPRK and South Korea increased. The ruling circles of the West aggravated the situation. In 1948-1949 armed clashes on the 38 parallel increased. Both Koreas sent reconnaissance and sabotage groups into each other’s territory. Relations exacerbated, it went to war.
We did not know either that in April 1950, Washington adopted the secret doctrine of the NSC 68. (Developer Paul Nitze. The document was published in public in 1975). It outlined the main directions of the Cold War with the USSR:
- to consider the main purpose of the United States is the destruction of the countries of the socialist community at any cost; the existence of the USSR itself is aggression against the United States and the entire "free world";
- to lead a long-term anti-communist campaign; continue the militarization of the American economy, build up the Military-Industrial Complex;
- refrain from any negotiations with the USSR; it is advisable to conduct negotiations with the new government, which is formed after the defeat of the USSR on its territory.
Less than a year after the Chinese people dropped the American puppet of Chiang Kai-shek into the Pacific, the war in Korea began. It began with an armed uprising of the Korean people in the south for freedom and independence; for uniting the Korean nation. Dictator Lee Seung Manu managed to crush him. Korean landowners and the bourgeoisie, gathered in the south of the country, supported the anti-communist hysteria unleashed in the country. Many leftist politicians were arrested or killed.
The Workers Party of North Korea called on the Korean people to unite, to a revolutionary uprising against the power of the Korean landowners and the bourgeoisie. The North Korean army came to the aid of the workers of South Korea. Within a few days, Korean workers and the North Korean army liberated most of the country’s territory.
The war began. President Truman of the United States declared: "Returning to the rule of force in international affairs is fraught with far-reaching consequences. The United States will continue to defend the rule of law." Under these beautiful words of the American president, an American landing force landed in Korea. Soon, many capitalist states sent their troops to Korea. The commander of the military units of the Western armed forces on the peninsula, Full General Douglas MacArthur (1980-1964). Suffering one defeat after another, MacArthur appealed to Truman with a request to use nuclear weapons. Truman refused and already in April 1951 recalled the zealous warrior to his homeland.
You can recall the past "exploits" of General MacArthur. He "glorified" himself in the summer of 1932, when US President Herbert Hoover ordered him to crush the tent camp and smoke gas from government buildings of World War I veterans in the American capital. 20 thousand veterans organized a march to Washington with a demand to pay the bonuses due to them. During the years of depression, they and their families were left without work and livelihoods. MacArthur (who was then helped by the "famous" Major Dwight Eisenhower, the future president of the USA) sent six veterans to tanks, four divisions of infantry and cavalry, a company of machine gunners and "brilliantly" completed the task: a thousand veterans were poisoned by gas, two were killed, the tent camp was burned down. (Zinn, Howard. US Folk History. M.: Whole World Publishing House, 2006, pp. 483-484).
Foreign intervention in Korea is a frequently used method of imperial occupation. First, they divide the country into South and North (Korea, Vietnam) or East and West (Germany) or white and red (Russia) or Sunni and Shiite (Middle East), and then start a civil war between them. Three years "democrats" and "fighters for human rights" ruthlessly bombed small Korea, burned down cities and towns, mercilessly destroyed civilians.
The USSR and the PRC could not stand aside and provided immediate military assistance to the Korean people. We were worried about the Koreans. They became native to those of us who lived there, helping the Koreans to build a new life. I still worry about the fate of this long-suffering nation.
China fought on the side of North Korea, the entire capitalist world - on the side of South Korea. It was the first local war after the Second World War between the two socio-political systems, between the world bourgeoisie and the world working population of the planet.
The war lasted three years. Truman's "rule of law" led to the death of more than 2,5 million Koreans, more than 80 percent of the housing stock, industrial and transport infrastructure of both states were destroyed. On the side of South Korea, the United States, Great Britain and a number of other countries participated (under the UN flag). On the side of North Korea is China. The USSR provided military technical assistance to North Korea and China. The imperialist war in Korea ended with a truce concluded in 1953 (Tell me at least one Western country that fought in Korea, in which more than 80 percent of the housing stock was destroyed in its territory in the second half of the twentieth century!) .
At the beginning of 50, I asked myself more than once: did the American imperialists turn Pyongyang and Kanko into a pile of ruins? Did they burn that wonderful monastery that sheltered the Soviet summer camp?
One may argue today about who started the war in Korea in 1950 (see http://zavtra.ru/content/view/vojna-narodnaya/), if the disputants do not know what the geopolitical situation in the world after World War II or deliberately distort it. Each country liberated by the USSR and its allies from German fascism or Japanese occupation, the choice of the further path of development was very limited: either capitalist or non-capitalist, socialist. Such a choice was offered by him in the history of mankind for the first time.
The capitalist path suggested:
- preservation of private ownership of land and means of production;
- voluntary submission of the national political elite to the US ruling circles - Washington and complicity in the suppression of the communist, working, socialist movements on the planet;
- financial subordination of the banking system of the state to Wall Street and the complete openness of national markets to transnational corporations.
The second, pro-Soviet, non-capitalist development path suggested a completely different package of transformations:
- the rupture of political, financial, economic relations with capitalist countries, the nationalization of the property of foreign companies and banks, the creation of a public sector in the economy;
- solving social problems of the population and strengthening friendly relations with socialist countries and people's democratic regimes.
The dictators and bourgeois elite of South Korea chose capitalism. The people of North Korea chose the pro-Soviet, non-capitalist path of development. To date, the two Koreas are developing in opposite ways of organizing economic and political life. Therefore, calls for the unification of two Koreas with different political systems are meaningless.
From a geopolitical point of view, North Korea occupies a very important strategic position, like Afghanistan in Central Asia, Israel and Egypt in the Middle East, Panama in America. North Korea could become a convenient NATO military base near the borders of the USSR and China.
From a military-strategic point of view, the governments of China and the USSR, South Korea’s territory could become a convenient base for covering its borders from a sudden US attack from its military bases scattered across the countries of Southeast Asia.
In any case, Korea was doomed to war — civil and imperialist — in 1950. The interests of the ruling classes of the two military-political blocs clashed head-on. 60 years have passed since the Korean War, and the situation on the Korean Peninsula today remains explosive for the same reasons.
What are the reasons for the sustainability of the socialist regime in North Korea?
First, there are no foreigners in its state and party apparatus. Only Koreans by nationality work in them.
Secondly, the population supports its own army, which has nuclear weapons of its own production.
Thirdly, there is no unemployment in the country, child homelessness, prostitution and drug addiction. A strict ban has been imposed on bourgeois propaganda of egoism, individualism, violence, seksomanii, which cannot be said of South Korea.
Fourthly, the population enjoys free housing, medicine and education. It lives in a world of national culture in form and socialist in content.
Fifth, the Korean leadership and the people deeply understand the reasons for the collapse of the USSR and the restoration of capitalism in Russia. Koreans and Chinese, with bitterness, or even tears in their eyes, as one elderly Chinese woman told me, watched as Gorbachev, Thatcher and Reagan "united" Germany and smashed public property in East Germany, how state property in Russia and former socialist countries were plundered. the republics, how they eliminated the Soviet and then the Russian army, as they turned the robbed, impoverished Russian population into a disenfranchised mass, exploited by foreign-born oligarchs.
Try to convince the Koreans of the North that their socialist state, which they are trying to strangle with bourgeois democracy, should be united with the South!
So that the bourgeois and yellow liberal press does not write about North Korea today, the vitality of the political and economic system created by the Kim Il Sung family is amazing. She resisted after the anti-socialist reforms of Khrushchev and Gorbachev. Resigned after the collapse of the USSR and the restoration of capitalism in the former socialist states. She has been perfecting her socio-political and economic system for nearly a decade of 70.
Of course, it is not easy for Koreans to live on food rations, but they know that they are stifled not by the leadership of the country, but by the tentacles of the Western embargo. There are a lot of unsolved problems in the country, and in which country are they not? Without friendly government support from China and Russia in this small state there would be much more.
Difficulties, problems exist in any state, including a socialist one. However, one should take into account the age of the systems: capitalist and socialist. Capitalism is the result of a thousand-year development of private property. The newborn society with public property, called socialism, was not even hundreds of years old. He has not yet revealed his universal potential. Why, then, is gray-haired capitalism so afraid of this newborn and is trying by any means to destroy its system of nationwide, workers 'and peasants' property?
Why didn’t the official delegation from the leadership of the Russian Federation come to the celebrations marking the 60 anniversary of the victory in the Patriotic War of Liberation of the Korean people in July of this year? Why do most of the Russian media still sling mud at socialist Korea and not touch bourgeois South? Who benefits from it - the Russian rulers or the Western? ...
My childhood dream of becoming a military man came true: I served in the army as a military translator. (Read my officers' memories on http://topwar.ru/30223-napishi-mne-mama-v-egipet.html).