Military Review

Meet: "Grad Sviyazhsk"

The small missile ship (MRK) Grad Sviyazhsk, built by Zelenodolsky Shipyard, was towed along the Volga to Astrakhan at the end of June of this year and moored at the base for the connection of the Caspian OVR ships flotilla. This unit is still in the testing phase. Our correspondent visited the new ship.

I could not wait to see with my own eyes the “Grad Sviyazhsk” about which our newspaper wrote so often. After all, this is the firstborn, that is, the lead ship of the project 21631 (the cipher "Buyan-M").

Our reference

The lead ship of the 21631 project received its name “Grad Sviyazhsk” in honor of the settlement Sviyazhsk in the Zelenodolsk district of the Republic of Tatarstan. History This town is covered with legends. According to one of them, Sviyazhsk was erected in 1551 by Ivan the Terrible in just 4 weeks. This place was used by the Russian tsar as a stronghold from which the troops later went on to besiege the capital of the Kazan Khanate. More than four and a half centuries have passed since then, but Sviyazhsk exists to this day.

It was the Red Star who first wrote about the background to the creation of the “Grad Sviyazhsk” MRK. Let me remind you that in our newspaper in the 9 issue of December 2009, an interview was published with the pioneer in the development of the “Buyan” project, the commander of the Astrakhan IAC, Vladimir Cherokov. Here is how he responded then about his prototype ship: “I believe that this ship is unique in its kind. The armament is good: 100-mm bow gun, salvo fire, autonomous self-defense module, modern air defense systems. The Navy of other Caspian states has nothing of the kind. ”

At the same time, Vladimir Cherokov expressed his wish: “What would I like to offer as an improvement to this project? Strengthen firepower, so that the ship had its own missile systems. But since we do not have rockets, we are still second in firepower after the flagship of the Caspian flotilla of the Tatarstan missile ship. And the designers of the ship part would like to express the following wish: for the equipment to be more reliable and easy to operate. ”

In 2010, as part of the program to modernize the Russian Navy, the domestic shipbuilding industry was tasked with creating a missile version of the Buyan project. The tender for the construction of ships of the 21631 project, in which nine shipbuilding enterprises participated, was won by the Zelenodolsk Shipyard in May 2010. 28 May was signed a contract for the construction of ships of this series. The talented designer Jacob Kushnir took on the task of state importance in creating the missile version of the “Buyan”. Less than three years later, the MRK Grad Sviyazhsk was launched by shipbuilders into the water.

From the high bank in front of me opened the view to the Volga backwater, where the handsome Grad Sviyazhsk, the younger relative of the small artillery ship Astrakhan, so to speak, froze at the floating pier. There are a lot of common features between these projects. They are traced in the contours, contours, elements of the superstructure. The main similarity is that the same diesel engines, as well as water-jet propulsion units, are installed on the ISCs. But still, in terms of their performance characteristics and purpose, these are different combat units. The main difference is in size. In terms of its parameters, MRKs, whose displacement is 949 tons, length is 74 meters, draft is 2,6 meters, exceeds their artillery counterpart, whose parameters are much more modest.

In terms of its strike power, the ship ship “Buyan-M” is not much inferior to the new rocket ship 2 of the rank “Dagestan”, which became part of the flotilla last year. But "Dagestan" is the first ship in the Navy of the Russian Federation, which is armed with the newest missile complex "Caliber-NK". The IRA "Grad Sviyazhsk" also has a Caliber missile system capable of launching several types of high-precision missiles both on surface and coastal targets at a distance of up to 300 kilometers. The ship’s artillery is represented by a bow artillery installation, the AK-620 Duet anti-aircraft artillery complex and two pairs of machine-gun installations. The ship is equipped with modern navigation equipment, as well as radar and electronic equipment.

On the upper deck of the ship, I was met by the commander of the IRA "Grad Sviyazhsk" captain 3 of rank Alexei Gordeyev. We go around with him the ship, which is still at the final stage. Still not everywhere covered with paint deck, superstructure. Inside the ship, you can see representatives of the plant. These are experts from the team, together with the military personnel of the ship’s crew, are preparing Grad Sviyazhsk for sea trials.

Aleksey Gordeyev was appointed to the post of commander of the newest leading ship of the Buyan-M project not by accident. This officer at the flotilla command on a special account. When approving his candidacy at the beginning of the year for the post of commander of the new MRK, it was taken into account that during his fleet officer service on the flotilla, starting from 2005, Gordeyev successfully commanded ships of various classes. During his time in command, the Astrakhan IAC repeatedly won the title of the best for the period of study and for the academic year in its formation and in the flotilla, fulfilled all the missions of the voyages without accidents and breakdowns. The crew of “Astrakhan” was noted by the higher command following the results of the maritime part of the joint strategic exercise “Center-2011”, and last year the IAC excelled at the Kavkaz-2012 SKSHU.
Alexey Gordeyev readily answered questions from the Red Star correspondent.

- For the development of a new ship, the crew is usually formed, as they say, with the world a thread. What ships of the flotilla delegated their specialists to the ISCs?

- The crew of the IRC “Grad Sviyazhsk” is 100% staffed by contract servicemen who had previously served on warships of surface ships, which is deployed in Makhachkala. On "Tatarstan", "Dagestan", missile boats. The personnel have a good sea practice, experience of the ship service, which is very important when accepting a ship at the factory, when mastering new equipment and weapons.

- Which of the subordinates is the support for you during the acceptance and development of the materiel of the ship?

- A large amount of work together with representatives of the industry on the upper deck, superstructures and sides of the ship is performed by the boatswain foreman of the 2 th article Rasul Abdumenzhidov. Among the ship mechanics would like to mention the engineer CU-5 Lieutenant Dmitry Popovich. A machinist senior sailor R. Zamanov, a senior technician R. Hasanov work under his leadership. People are well aware that any unresolved defect or unnoticed deviation in the operation of the mechanism is fraught at sea with a prerequisite for an accident, for the disruption of the performance of a combat mission. Therefore, now, in preparation for the running tests, the serviceability of each node and mechanism, all sections of pipelines for tightness, and resistance to vibration are checked.

Our conversation was interrupted by a factory specialist, who had arrived at the commander’s cabin to check the console of the in-ship communications. After checking the operation of the device, he asked the ship's commander to test his readiness for work himself. And now, along the ship, Gordeev’s voice was repeatedly amplified, inviting one of the shipbuilding engineers to his cabin.

In August, the small artillery ship "Grad Sviyazhsk" must make the transition across the Caspian Sea to Makhachkala, to the location of the brigade of surface ships, where it will be held its state tests, acceptance into the flotilla. Perhaps, for the first time in the post-Soviet history of the Caspian flotilla, running and state tests of a new ship are carried out on the Caspian Sea.

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  1. treskoed
    treskoed 12 August 2013 11: 32
    Small artillery ship - great voyage!
    1. donavi49
      donavi49 12 August 2013 11: 48
      IAC - Astrakhan, Volgodonsk and Makhachkala.
      RTOs - Grad Sviyazhsk, Uglich, Veliky Ustyug, Zeleny Dol, Serpukhov.
  2. vostok1982
    vostok1982 12 August 2013 11: 37
    More photos please!
  3. Dmitry 2246
    Dmitry 2246 12 August 2013 11: 43
    RTO Grad Sviyazhsk Powerful weapons I hope the series will be big.
    1. donavi49
      donavi49 12 August 2013 11: 47
      There is already a series - Uglich is preparing for the transition, Veliky Ustyug is preparing for the descent, Zeleny Dol and Serpukhov are being built, metal is still being accumulated on the ship’s 2. Paid 8 ships of the first series.
      1. Su24
        Su24 12 August 2013 14: 29
        Quote: donavi49
        There is already a series - Uglich is preparing for the transition, Veliky Ustyug is preparing for the descent, Zeleny Dol and Serpukhov are being built, metal is still being accumulated on the ship’s 2. Paid 8 ships of the first series.

        Very good Russia is rearming in the Caspian.
  4. Dmitry Zurn
    Dmitry Zurn 12 August 2013 11: 44
    Congratulations to the Caspian Flotilla on your acquisition.
  5. donavi49
    donavi49 12 August 2013 11: 51
    The Grad Sviyazhsk MRC also has a Caliber missile system capable of launching several types of high-precision missiles both on surface and coastal targets at a distance of up to 300 kilometers.

    Error in the article. They took export and TTX cut in range (up to 300 km). Onyx hits on 350 km, and 3M-54 by more than 2000 km.

    In order not to be unfounded, a direct speech from the transfer of the Military Council with the commander of the Caspian Flotilla:

    A. YERMOLIN: And what type are you most comfortable with? What type of vessel?

    S. ALEKMINSKIY: So ... Everything is developing, right? If the flotilla is now - the main thing was gunboats, this is a class of ships that is used in river or coastal zones, because it has a large draft. Artillery weapons that solved the problem, right? After that ... After the war, we came, so to speak, to torpedo boats, and to missile boats. Now the flotilla is being updated. I will not answer for the entire fleet, but I will say by the flotilla. Right now, only this year we have received a new ship “PAECT11-661 K Dagestan”.

    S. BUNTMAN: The guard ship, right?

    S. ALEKMINSKIY: This is a rocket ship. This is the best ship of the Navy. I will not exaggerate you.

    A. YERMOLIN: From this class.

    S. ALEKMINSKIY: You know, no. I will say that the best ship is not in quotation marks, but that it is the first submarine in history to be armed with the latest Caliber missile system. Which is not on one Navy missile ship. In principle, not one surface ship now has such a long-range firing as our ship. He shoots more than two thousand kilometers on a coastal target. And 350 kilometers on the sea target.

    S. BUNTMAN: And here he is in the summer, right? Received, huh? In the summer of 12?

    S. ALEKMINSKIY: In summer, I entered, passed state tests, worked out 2 rocket firing at a coastal target, the state tests are included first, the second is included in the “Caucasus 2012” exercise. I boast to you that the target is 50x50 centimeters ... It’s a pity that the photograph, that’s ... So to speak, if only a little earlier, I would certainly bring it. 50x50 such a target, just a metal sheet. So she hit this target, at a distance of 5 meters. And that’s all ...

    A. YERMOLIN: So this is already an ultra-precise weapon?

    S. ALEKMINSKIY: No, this is an exact weapon. But as they say it's nice that such results. Because the standard is there somewhere up to 30, in 50 meters like that. But industry - it takes as always with us a little clearance so that it is not blamed that it is of the wrong quality. But here we got such a result. Honestly, I was surprised myself.

    Bloopers about underwater and PAEKT, well, the rest is decryption blunders, from above you can listen to "listen (41:34)" it is said from 18:35 somewhere.

    Link -
    1. PLO
      PLO 12 August 2013 15: 36
      Error in the article. They took export and TTX cut in range (up to 300 km). Onyx hits 350 km, and 3M-54 more than 2000 km.

      a little bit wrong

      Onyx range over 400km
      range of anti-ship missiles 3M-54 Turquoise 350-375km
      3M-14 CRBD range of more than 2000km

      By the way, Chinese fishermen recently caught 3M-54 in the sea)

  6. ivshubarin
    ivshubarin 12 August 2013 12: 18
    Small but especially dangerous.
  7. Constantine
    Constantine 12 August 2013 12: 27
    Hmm .. The ship you need smile Thank you for the article smile

    Here I have a question, perhaps not quite on the topic, but I wonder when the ships will be named after legendary ships like "12 Apostles", "Victorious", "Poltava", "Saint Peter", etc.? In my opinion, it is important to preserve the memory of glory and victories. Pass it on like a baton to new ships when the old ones are written off. They do, after all, but mostly the names of cities. smile
    1. donavi49
      donavi49 12 August 2013 12: 38
      These ships will probably be in their original form, now they are actively building a sailing fleet, by the way, in private shipyards.

      So far they are guided more by recent history and name ships by the names of admirals who left a mark in the history of Russia.
      1. Constantine
        Constantine 12 August 2013 13: 43
        Quote: donavi49
        These ships will probably be in their original form, now they are actively building a sailing fleet, by the way, in private shipyards.

        I would, in fact, call the second Eagle - "12 Apostles" because it matches class and state smile

        All ships still don't reincarnate wink
  8. Russ69
    Russ69 12 August 2013 13: 12
    Seven feet under the keel...
  9. strange and pretty meaningless
    strange and pretty meaningless 12 August 2013 13: 16
    The ship is beautiful - and infa on "Caliber" warms the soul.
  10. Siberian
    Siberian 12 August 2013 13: 36
    Looks interesting Ship! In a modern way.
  11. Aleks tv
    Aleks tv 12 August 2013 14: 00
    Specialists, tell me pliz ...
    Why on the Buyan-M project is a weak air defense umbrella with serious strike weapons?

    That is, there are no "thoughtful" air attacks planned in the Caspian theater of operations?
    Or a lack of displacement with the planned support of our own aviation?
    But Buyan-M is planning to the Black Sea Fleet.
    That's interesting.
    1. evil hamster
      evil hamster 12 August 2013 14: 41
      Quote: Aleks tv
      Specialists, tell me pliz ...

      Not in any of these, but even so:
      Buyan-M - is essentially a floating division of cruise missile tactical missiles. Gunboat of the 21st century if you want. At the present, the development of aviation and its weapons is a good air defense complex, expensive, and requires a large carrier complex of measures. With such a powerful displacement weapon, a ship with a displacement of 1000 tons should not even be tried to shove any serious air defense. Example with 20380 tells us that even 2000 tons is not enough. So, a specialized strike ship, which must be covered unconditionally by other forces of the fleet, has the right to exist and can qualitatively strengthen the strength of the fleet in terms of strike capabilities. A good analogy is the self-propelled gun divisions in motorized rifle brigades - they, too, will not be beaten off either from tanks or from attack helicopters of the enemy, but nevertheless they are the main striking force of the brigade and are extremely important on the battlefield.
    2. donavi49
      donavi49 12 August 2013 14: 43
      Air defense is not bad, the far zone is 2x Bending (this is now temporary Needles, and soon there will be brought to mind the Willows), then the nearest A-190 and Duet.

      It will be quite possible to ward off a single RCC or a pair of helicopter aircraft. A similar air defense is put on the Chinese 056 corvettes, which generally operate in the near and far sea zones. It’s just that something else will not fit in, the ZRAK is expensive and ambiguous (the carapace is still not ready for the sea, and the Broadsword is without missiles), we do not have an analogue of RIM, put Redut so it is only a radar and the complex itself will inflate the ship on 1,5ct +.

      In fact, this is a missile platform, bypassing the RMNS agreement, with the ability to work well on surface ships in the role of RTOs. In other words, the work will be carried out either from under the umbrella of aviation-air defense, or in dagger attacks of RTO formations. Especially powerful air defense and is not necessary. The main thing is that it be, even if nominal, and the enemy would have to allocate an outfit of forces to block or destroy the ship.
      1. Aleks tv
        Aleks tv 12 August 2013 15: 25
        Dmitry (Zloykhomyak) and donavi49 - Thanks for the info.
  12. alone
    alone 12 August 2013 14: 27
    A detachment of ships of the Caspian Flotilla, led by the Dagestan missile ship, to the port of Baku will take place on August 12–13.

    The purpose of the visit is the development and strengthening of friendly ties between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Azerbaijan.

    The program provides for meetings with the command of the Navy of Azerbaijan and familiarization of the ships with the sights of the capital of Azerbaijan.

    As they say, welcome !!)))
    1. donavi49
      donavi49 12 August 2013 14: 35
      By the way, Putin will come to Azerbaijan at the same time, they said that he was right in Dagestan, but it’s unlikely, but he’ll most likely visit a ship wink
      1. alone
        alone 12 August 2013 15: 28
        ships will arrive today, and Putin tomorrow))) wassatbut surely the presidents will be on ships))
  13. coserg 2012
    coserg 2012 12 August 2013 15: 42
    Good luck to both the commander and the boat!
  14. vlasov70
    vlasov70 12 August 2013 16: 36
    Will the entire series go to the Caspian (8 units)? Not too much for the lake?
    1. svp67
      svp67 13 August 2013 00: 27
      Quote: vlasov70
      Will the entire series go to the Caspian (8 units)? Not too much for the lake?

      Well, at least somewhere we will have an advantage ... And do not forget that ships from the Caspian Sea can be transferred to the Black Sea, the Baltic Sea and the North ...
  15. VohaAhov
    VohaAhov 12 August 2013 17: 38
    Quote: vlasov70
    Will the entire series go to the Caspian (8 units)? Not too much for the lake?

    Probably not. From our coastal waters we are able to launch high-precision missile strikes within a radius of 2000 km. And this is Iran and all of Turkey. I am not talking about Georgia, Azerbaijan, etc.
  16. Uncle Lyosha
    Uncle Lyosha 12 August 2013 21: 04
    At the factory, they say that 3 (633) and 4 (634) numbers of the series will go to Baltiysk.
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