Military Review

Reduce losses

13
This is one of the main goals of the robotization of war.


Abroad, the creation of robotic complexes is considered as one of the important directions of development of military equipment. The most intensive development of ground-based military robots is conducted in the United States. This is told by a military expert, Colonel Viktor RUSINOV.

CURRENTLY ground robotized complex consists of a remotely controlled machine and a control panel. According to the degree of automation, the machines can be remotely controlled as well as autonomous, that is, they can act on a program previously installed in the on-board computer. According to the functional purpose, they can be divided into reconnaissance, engineering, combat and rear.

SpyRobot and Dragon Runner wheeled reconnaissance vehicles were widely used in the US Army and Marine Corps. The main tasks assigned to these unmanned complexes are: reconnaissance in urban environments, the use of sensors for various purposes in a given area, participation in search operations, reconnaissance of possible ambushes and the detection of weak points in the enemy defense.

Dragon Runner, which appeared as a result of upgrading the SpyRobot machine, can conduct reconnaissance of the area in the radius of effective firing range of a rifle weaponsmoving at a speed of 10 km / h. The 9 kg unit is equipped with infrared sensors for working at night, a small-sized video camera, a microphone and is carried in the back of the body without slowing down the pace of movement of the fighter and without affecting the equipment of his backpack with food, water and ammunition. The car can move.

To perform engineering tasks, an additional number of instruments are needed, the mass of which requires a more powerful and large chassis than that of the Dragon Runner. An example of such devices - the Warrior 710 weighing 157 kg without a battery and additional tracks - can be considered a multifunctional reconnaissance-engineering machine. It is designed to detect, transport and decontaminate explosive objects, clearing debris, making aisles and lifting weights.

In the US, there are heavy unskilled engineering vehicles. The demining machine MV-4 (or M160) weighing more than 5 tons is intended for the disposal of anti-personnel mines and unexploded ordnance. Its remote control is provided at a distance of 2 km.
An example of a remotely controlled mine clearing vehicle is also the ABV (Assault Breacher Vehicle) model. In terms of dimensions, this machine is comparable to a tank Abrams.

Intelligence remote-controlled vehicles equipped with small arms or melee weapons, called martial. Their development is being carried out as part of the SWORDS (Special Weapons Observation Reconnaissance Detection Systems) program - a special combat surveillance and reconnaissance system. At present, the Talon UGV robot armed with a machine gun is used in Iraq. It is also possible to install an 40-mm four-barreled grenade launcher with 48 grenade ammunition instead of a machine gun.

The largest combat robot at the present time can be considered a Black Knight machine with a mass of 9,5 tons. The control point of the robot can be placed in the KSHM or other armored combat vehicle with special equipment. The operator has the ability to control the device from the ground, observing it visually. Armament includes 25- or 30-mm automatic cannon with a paired 7,62-mm machine gun.

WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK the development of the technological base of robotic facilities in the US military is given primary attention to energy supply issues. It is about creating new generation of batteries - reducing their weight and size parameters with increasing power.
It is assumed that the machine in the near future will be able to find and use energy sources without the participation of the operator. To this end, it is planned to create equipment that will ensure recognition of the energy source and identification of the type of fuel.

The second parameter for evaluating robotic systems is their ability to function in difficult conditions. In many ways, the effectiveness of robots depends on “sensitive elements”. By the 2015-2020 years, it is planned to create all-weather sensors that will ensure the independence of the quality of work of robotic, primarily reconnaissance, means from weather conditions. The presence of precipitation or strong squally wind should not reduce the likelihood of a correct assessment of the situation by the operator.

For 2025-2030 years, it is planned to create an experimental version of the network in which military robots will interact with each other regardless of the message protocol standard of their country or manufacturer. And by 2035, it is planned to create a high-speed automated communication network for integrating robotic systems into a single information field.

Currently, robot equipment can recognize a person to one degree or another only when the carrier is stationary. By 2020, the robotic tool is likely to be the recognition of a person in motion. After 2030, equipping them with biosensors will allow, almost without reducing the speed of movement, to isolate and classify a person and an animal (for example, a service dog) among moving objects. To realize this opportunity, it is planned to create sensors that perform the functions of the organs of hearing, sight and smell.

By 2020, a robot assistant will accompany a soldier (like a service dog). It is assumed that the technical means will be controlled by voice and / or gestures. At the same time, the physiological features of the person controlling the robot must be laid down in the memory of the equipment, which is necessary to eliminate unauthorized influence on the operation of this tool by other people.

EXPECTEDthat after 2030, executive robots will play an important role. Such a device will be an intermediary between a serviceman-operator and a group of various kinds of specialized unmanned vehicles capable of exchanging information with each other. Having received a task from a person, the robot leader automatically forms and distributes commands for similar technical means managed by him. At the same time, the information on the activity of the robot leader can be reflected on the operator’s control panel, and its teams can be corrected by the operator.

At the same time, the device will be able to function autonomously after receiving a task from the operator. The robot leader will receive signals from the devices, process them and transmit to the operator’s control panel, or report his decision in another way, for example, by sound or light signal.

The further development of means of navigation and orientation in space in robotic devices is to create hardware and software tools that would ensure not only the analysis of the current situation, but also the prediction of the possible position of moving objects.

In addition, by the year 2020, it is possible to create artificial mechanical devices that have the flexibility, elasticity and sensitivity of human muscles, but with greater strength and durability for propulsion elements and manipulators.

By 2030, we can expect that hybrid biomechanical systems will be used as drives for various purposes, including manipulators. Manipulators, not inferior in their capabilities to man, are planned to be created already by 2015. Manipulators with superhuman capabilities can be created no earlier than 2030-2035's. Presumably, they will be made of high strength polymeric materials.

Even now, several thousand robotic systems for various purposes are in service with US ground and marine infantry units. Their main purpose is the exploration and execution of engineering tasks. The role of unmanned vehicles with fire weapons on board will gradually increase. Reducing casualties among military personnel is one of the main goals of using such tools on the battlefield.
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13 comments
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  1. experienced
    experienced 13 August 2013 15: 34 New
    +4
    For sappers, such robots are simply necessary, everything else at the moment is just a whim and thrown out money. IMHO Such scout robots are a tasty trophy for the enemy. laughing
    1. Genry
      Genry 13 August 2013 17: 55 New
      +3
      Quote: seasoned
      For sappers, such robots are simply necessary, everything else at the moment is just a whim and thrown money.

      A sniper robot, for example, is much simpler than a sapper, it tolerates mortar shelling better than a person, and the firing efficiency is no less than that of a person (no need to stop your heart and breathing).
      Quote: seasoned
      IMHO Such scout robots are a tasty trophy for the enemy.

      Such a trophy will only wait for a command to undermine (or self-destruction, when it loses contact with its operator). I do not wish you such trophies.
      1. Flooding
        Flooding 13 August 2013 18: 05 New
        +1
        Quote: Genry
        A sniper robot, for example, is much simpler than a sapper, it tolerates mortar shelling better than a person, and the firing efficiency is no less than that of a person (no need to stop your heart and breathing).

        Can a robot sniper correctly assess the situation, choose the right tactical solution and target? I’m scared at one phrase “robot sniper”.
        I'm not talking about the fact that such a robot should have a decent power reserve and until then unobtainable for robots.
        Although in a dash, this, of course, will show a master class.
        1. Zopuhhh
          Zopuhhh 13 August 2013 18: 40 New
          0
          And if you take control, since by definition it should be radio-controlled, will it not be its "wet in the outhouse"?
  2. Volkhov
    Volkhov 13 August 2013 15: 48 New
    +1
    How Venusians are tired of people ... but soon robotics will reduce staff.
  3. eplewke
    eplewke 13 August 2013 15: 50 New
    +1
    Indeed, there is little sense in them in real combat conditions. Minesweeper robot - and that one is good only when fighting is no longer underway. The only effective combat robots are drones. Terrestrial - while this is a beyond future ...
    1. novobranets
      novobranets 13 August 2013 16: 59 New
      +3
      Well why. If you leave such a thing in an ambush with anti-tank systems, in the tank direction, there may be some sense.
  4. Alexey M
    Alexey M 13 August 2013 16: 30 New
    -2
    Theoretically, if a tank is made without a crew, then this is the topic. And such small robots are mouse fuss as auxiliary ones only, but not combat ones.
  5. Gray-haired Siberian
    Gray-haired Siberian 13 August 2013 16: 56 New
    +3
    So far, ground-based robots really look more like a toy than weapons. But the deadlines in the article are quite short-15-20-25 years. They will fly by unnoticed, and if we do not do it now, we risk irrevocably lagging behind.
    1. tarks
      tarks 13 August 2013 16: 59 New
      +2
      Already now it is necessary to create systems capable of effectively neutralizing these very robots.
      1. sso-xnumx
        sso-xnumx 13 August 2013 17: 16 New
        +1
        This is true, and jam their reptiles in all ranges ...
  6. cumastra1
    cumastra1 13 August 2013 16: 59 New
    +1
    UAVs are already a reality, no one is surprised. Uninhabited submarines - kamikaze read are being developed in Sweden, about tanks without a crew, too, constantly talking. So there are some developments. And when, more recently, unmanned aircraft seemed fantastic. Progress does not stand still. and very soon we will see, if not T-1-01 :), then something similar to the pictures presented above.
  7. novobranets
    novobranets 13 August 2013 18: 23 New
    +1
    Quote: Flood
    I’m scared at one phrase “robot sniper”.

    It would be more correct to say "remote-controlled sniper."
  8. kafa
    kafa 13 August 2013 22: 27 New
    0
    these are just technical means, and they can save the lives of soldiers.
    and they are already saving the lives of American soldiers. and in our case, the robot is expensive (and it wasn’t everywhere with a file) and the women give birth to soldiers.
  9. The comment was deleted.
  10. T-100
    T-100 14 August 2013 10: 47 New
    0
    We need a T-800:

    Model: T-800 "Terminator".
    Weight: 320 kg.
    Maximum speed: 65 km / h.
    Maximum pressure generated by hydraulic press: 200 tons
    In a stationary state it is capable of supporting autonomous operation up to 120 years.
    There is no built-in weapon.
    The internal computer is capable of processing up to 20 millions of possible options per second.
    Uses 2 nuclear energy cells as power.