Military Review

The submarine "Han" - the firstborn of the Chinese nuclear submarine fleet

The submarine "Han" - the firstborn of the Chinese nuclear submarine fleet

"Military Parity". Work on the creation of the first Chinese multipurpose nuclear submarine (APL) with a torpedo / anti-ship missile armament project 091 (NATO code - SSN Han-class / "Han") began in the 1960-ies. Chief Designer Peng Shilu (Peng Shilu).

In 1958, Beijing turned to Moscow with a request to assist in the development and construction of nuclear submarines, but the leadership of the USSR linked this issue with the creation of joint naval bases on the coast of China. PRC Chairman Mao Zedong withdrew the request, making it clear to Nikita Khrushchev, the head of the USSR, that China will create an atomic submarine fleet and will not allow its coastline to be under Soviet control.

The first nuclear submarine (b / n 401) was laid down in 1967, prepared for delivery the fleet in 1974, but due to serious technical problems in a nuclear power plant (NPP), it was only part of the PLA Navy in 1980.

Tactical and technical characteristics of the submarine "Han"

Displacement: - 4500 / 5000 t.
Main dimensions: 98х10,0х7,4 m.
Immersion depth - 300 m.
Power and type of power plant: 1 water-cooled reactor (90 MW), TSU - 12000 hp, GED - 6000 hp
Speed ​​- on 12 / stock 25 knots (corresponding to 22 / 46 km / h).
Crew - 75 people, of which 20 officers.
Weapon: 6х533 mm SET-65E torpedo tubes (6 RCC C-801 / YJ-8Q, 14 torpedoes, Yu-1 or Yu-3, the number of mines taken to replace torpedoes - 36). Electronic weapons: GAS DUUX-5, Thomson Sintra, detection radar NTS and SORS; RTR type 921-A, a set of communications.

In total, five submarines were built (they were commissioned in stages by 1990, they joined the Northern Fleet, the base of Qingdao). The disadvantages are the low reliability of nuclear power plants, high noise, irregular access to combat patrols. It is estimated that currently two boats are withdrawn from the fleet (w / o 401 and 402, presumably in 2000 and 2001).

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  1. bya965
    bya965 17 August 2013 09: 16
    How much harm Khrushchev did. So they would give them a submarine, you still can not copy, even knowing the technology. And so they were forced to develop their own, under their own industry.

    Thanks for the photo.
  2. cobalt
    cobalt 17 August 2013 09: 32
    Now China already has 4 attack and 6 multipurpose nuclear submarines, and they are building second generation ships - Qin and Shan, it is likely that in the near future they will move on to building third generation nuclear submarines. Taking into account the development of their shipbuilding, they are riveted quickly.
    1. Ascetic
      Ascetic 17 August 2013 16: 56
      Quote: cobalt
      Given the development of their shipbuilding, they are riveted quickly.

      in 1995-1997 Western media published information on the adoption in the PRC of a construction program until 2010-2015. seven SSBNs. At this point, China managed to put into operation only one SSBN "of the first generation of the project" 092 ". US analysts suggest that due to serious production and technological difficulties with the construction, fine-tuning and operation of Xia, as well as due to funding problems, the program for creating Chinese nuclear submarines has been reduced to four units.
      Each new SSBN will carry 12-16 new JL-2 SLBMs with a range of 8000 km. This will allow to hit individual targets in the United States using SSBNs deployed near the coast of China. And when SSBNs are deployed northeast of the Kuril Islands, 75% of the US territory is defeated.
      The submarine type 094 Jin is capable of carrying 12 ballistic missiles. A three-stage solid-propellant ballistic missile JuLang-2 is intended for arming submarines of this type. It is a modification of the DongFeng-31 land-based intercontinental ballistic missile. Its maximum range is 7000 - 8000 km.
      The JuLang-2 missile is equipped with a monoblock thermonuclear warhead with a capacity of 25 - 1000 ct. In addition, according to some reports, there is a modification equipped with three or more separable warheads of individual guidance with a power of 90 kt, but these data are not confirmed.
      According to a number of sources, Chinese shipbuilders are planning to create new modifications of the 094 Jin, bringing the number of missiles to two dozen

  3. avt
    avt 17 August 2013 09: 33
    good Offset! Good selection.
  4. alone
    alone 17 August 2013 10: 19
    guys work specifically. set goals and fulfill it. They don’t scratch the language like a broom
  5. dmit-xnumx
    dmit-xnumx 17 August 2013 11: 03
    Well, everything looks beautiful in the photographs, however, the accompanying text on technical characteristics (APL) smears the rainbow picture, but the Chinese have room to grow, and our designers - an extra "jab" from the Chinese gunsmiths advancing on our heels.
  6. svp67
    svp67 17 August 2013 15: 19
    Honestly not special, but it seems to me that at the time of the creation of the ethics of the ships of the Chinese intelligence there were more in Western countries than ours ...
  7. Kovrovsky
    Kovrovsky 17 August 2013 15: 30
    Thanks to the author, many good photos! As far as I heard, Chinese submariners have many technical problems.
  8. lilit.193
    lilit.193 19 August 2013 19: 12
    A large torpedo to them under the midship frame! am