Military Review

Russia creates a cyber military ("", China)

Russia creates a cyber military ("", China)

According to numerous media testimonies, the United States in the field of online struggle is a force that is virtually unparalleled throughout the world. It is clear that Russia, as one of America’s main rivals, cannot be idle when it comes to such a strategically important area. In the near future, the government and military forces of the Russian Federation will take a series of measures aimed at comprehensively reflecting American cyber threats through the accelerated build-up of military cyber help under the direct guidance of the army. Your attention is invited to a special report "Keji zhibao."

At a recent meeting of the Security Council of the Russian Federation, President Putin said that it was necessary to increase the degree of readiness for effectively countering threats in cyberspace, as well as the level of protection of information systems of strategic objects. He also noted that information attacks are already used to solve military and political tasks, and their striking power may be higher than that of ordinary types weapons. Putin’s speech of this kind coincided with a scandal involving the American program PRISM that thundered all over the world. The bold revelation made by former CIA officer Edward Snowden not only revealed to the world the ugly truth about the US position on the theft of secret information, but also made all countries take a sober look at the real power of the United States in the field of network struggle.

In the near future, the government and military forces of the Russian Federation will take a series of measures aimed at comprehensively reflecting American cyber threats through the accelerated build-up of military cyber help under the direct guidance of the army. According to the representative of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, the Russian army this year will create a new type of troops, who will be responsible for the information security of the country. Their main responsibilities will be control and processing of information from external sources, as well as the fight against cyber threats. “In other words, it’s something like American cyber warfare,” he said.

"Big Three"

The concept of creating cyber command was fundamentally approved at one of the meetings of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation last summer. Against the backdrop of an aggressive US offensive on the network space, this concept quickly became a reality. Director of the Institute of Political and Military Analysis, a member of the Academy of Military Sciences, Alexander Sharavin made a sensational statement that the Ministry of Defense received a proposal to establish such a command already 10 years ago. He also noted that in the near future such a command would still appear in Russia. “Protecting our cyber networks is not only the task of our armed forces, it is the task of the entire state, of all our law enforcement agencies. Cyberwar is already under way, therefore such commands are charged with the task not only of defense, but also, if necessary, of delivering some kind of retaliatory strikes, ”the expert noted.

According to the Russian newspaper Izvestia, Defense Minister Shoigu has already instructed the main operational management, organizational-mobilization management and a number of other associated structures to complete the creation of a cyber command as quickly as possible. Izvestia also reports that if the plan presented by the main operational department is approved by the country's political leadership, the “draft” version of cyber command will appear before the start of 2014.

As for the authority of this structure, the vice-premier and the chairman of the military-industrial complex, Dmitry Rogozin, in an interview with a military analyst stressed that the office powers of cyber command would cover not only military objectives, but also the protection of the country's civil infrastructure. At the moment, some law enforcement agencies of the Russian Federation have already created their own mechanisms for countering cyber threats. For example, the Ministry of Internal Affairs has an “K” office, while the FSB has an Information Security Center. Information security specialist Ilya Skachkov is convinced that although security agencies will continue to pay more and more attention to the network space, their activities will not overlap. The K department investigates computer crimes on the territory of our country and makes criminals accountable. The Information Security Center counteracts in the virtual space to foreign special services, extremist and criminal organizations that threaten the national and economic security of Russia. The cyber command of the Ministry of Defense will deter cyber threats while attempting to openly encroach on the interests of Russia from other states.

After creating a cyber command at the Ministry of Defense in its basic form, an organizational chart of the distribution of Russian forces of influence on the network space will be formed: a “big three” of organizations tied to different security agencies will appear. Each of these three structures in the network has its own, clearly defined sphere of authority and interests, each of which will be engaged in its own business. All this will effectively minimize the costs and internal depreciation arising from the unclear positioning and fuzzy separation of responsibilities, will significantly increase the efficiency of the use of network struggle. At the same time, the army assumes the task that is closest to the practice of war — the fight against cyber-pressure from other states. Therefore, we can confidently assert that the appearance of a cyber war in the full sense of the word in the ranks of the Russian army is a matter of the near future.

“The concept of using cyber weapons was developed six to seven years ago. Now this weapon is second in importance after nuclear, ”said Anatoly Tsyganok, head of the Center for Military Forecasting and Assistant Professor at the Department of World Politics at Moscow State University, to the Russian newspaper Vzglyad.

“Cyber ​​weapons are actively used in military conflicts,” the expert continued, “the last example is during the US intervention in Libya, where they controlled not only airspace (they violated the entire air defense system), but also telecommunications networks. They were members of the Libyan television networks and broadcast to the local population. ”

Creating a "scientific mouth" - strengthening the army with talented personnel

A cyber war is a knowledge-based branch of the military, so it can only be created if there are a large number of talented personnel. In order to establish cyber command and create a “cyber army”, the military forces of Russia took a number of steps towards strengthening the army with capable specialists, and the creation of a “scientific company” is the most recent of them. The Ministry of Defense began to recruit people to create these operational troops of the new type on the same day when President Putin read his speech at a meeting of the Security Council of the Russian Federation. The first company of this kind will officially begin work this fall, initially 35 graduates from local universities will enter it.

It is reported that the idea of ​​creating a "scientific company" was expressed at a meeting of Defense Minister Shoigu with the rectors of universities. Its essence is to attract students of regional universities to serve in the army, where at the same time they will conduct research work commissioned by the Ministry of Defense. After the Defense Ministry received a similar proposal, Shoigu announced a “big hunt” for programmers. According to Shoigu, this is due to the fact that in the next five years, the army will need a large amount of new software products. “I would like that with the advent of scientific companies a new generation of people will be formed who will move military science,” the minister noted.

Despite the fact that, within the framework of the initial idea of ​​creating “scientific companies”, their scope of application is not limited to programming, Shoigu’s position clearly makes us understand that at this stage the most important goal of establishing these companies is to attract high-class civilian IT specialists. And if you look back at the words said by President Putin on the same day, it becomes obvious that the essence of the “scientific mouth” is precisely in the training of personnel of the future “cyber army”.

If to compare with other countries of the world, in Russia the training of IT specialists is conducted at a sufficiently high level, and every year the universities of the country produce a large number of capable specialists who are ready to work in the areas of software or network technologies. Creating a "scientific company" rests on this: using the educational potential of universities in the country, in various ways to find personnel for the needs of the army in the hope that it will be possible to recruit the people needed to create a "cyber army" in the shortest time possible, and thus circumvent the problem shortages of specialists due to insufficient educational potential of the army itself.

Russia saved up experience of network war during real conflicts

Despite the fact that Russia has never had an official “cyber army”, in recent years the means of network struggle have always been in this country at the forefront of foreign policy confrontation, and Russia has achieved significant success in this direction. Examples include network wars that Russia waged with Estonia and Georgia. In April 2007, Estonia decided to move the monument to the Soviet Soldier-Liberator, previously located in the center of Tallinn, to a military cemetery.

A similar move on the part of the Estonian authorities pushed Russian citizens of Estonia to large-scale riots, at the same time causing a flurry of fierce criticism from the Russian government. April 26 around 10 hours of the evening, when nothing foreshadowed trouble, the websites of Estonian government agencies suddenly began to "drown" under an avalanche of requests coming from all over the world. One by one, government sites, banks and media sites were attacked - not one of the websites of state institutions escaped this fate. Chaos reigned in the country. Already after the incident, the Minister of Defense of Estonia at one international conference declared that this series of cyber attacks on government sites was “no one noticed by the Third World War”.

8 August 2008, when the problem of South Ossetia led to a shootout between Russian and Georgian troops, Georgian sites were already attacked. The goals of cyber attacks were the websites of banks, media, telecommunications and transport companies, the system of government resources was completely paralyzed. Even President Saakashvili’s personal page was hacked: hackers placed a collage of carefully selected photographs on it indicating the similarities between Saakashvili and Hitler. Since government resources and information resources practically did not work, Georgia did not have the opportunity to use the Internet to disseminate accurate information about the conflict, and the political campaign failed. Thus, Russia not only won in an armed conflict, but also won the struggle for public opinion, won a victory in a psychological war.

Despite the fact that there is no direct evidence that the attacks were carried out with the knowledge of the Russian government, the goals, scale and strength of the attacks tell us that all this could not be just the tricks of some individual hackers. Now there is reason to believe that a certain part of the network warfare tools that were actively used in past network wars will be put into service in the official "cyber army", and the experience gained in previous conflicts will play an important role in the development of this new kind of troops.

Huge reserves of development

“Everyone knows that Russians are strong in mathematics,” said the former head of the K Office, Boris Miroshnikov. “Our programmers are the best in the world, so our hackers are the best in the world.” This is not an empty boast, Russian hackers have achieved tremendous "recognition" in the international arena, their exceptional skill is recognized by many network technology experts.

Ken Dugem, an experienced analyst at an international company working in the field of network security, noted that the skill of Russian hackers is reaching an incredible height. Russian cybercriminals are quite strong programmers, these are people who really understand the network. They know all the moves and exits in it and at the same time do not leave, as they say, “neither a spider's thread, nor a hoof mark”. Therefore, the intelligence of many countries are very willing to invite these hackers into the service. Even the US government, which recruits hackers from all over the world, is trying to attract hackers from Russia to its side. But because of a sense of national pride, Russian hackers are often staunch patriots. When America recruited a well-known Russian hacker, who spoke under the nickname Zeus, for a huge amount, he said: “I agree to work for the US government. But the important thing is that my work should not be directed against Russia, because I do not want to become a traitor. ”

Most Russian cybercriminals will work with much greater pleasure for the Russian government or army. Such high-level hackers are potential leaders of the future Russian “cyber army”, and their capabilities should not be underestimated.

In addition, now at the disposal of Russia there are a myriad of Russian citizens working in computer companies in America and European countries. Russians to one degree or another put their hands on almost all computer equipment or network products produced by large American or European companies. Even if only a small part of these specialists want to help the Russian “cyber army” in the future, it is immediately clear how much damage they can inflict.

However, despite the fact that there are all these favorable moments that contribute to the creation of the Russian “cyber army”, it is necessary to understand that there are also factors that hinder the development of this idea. The first is a technological lag from potential adversaries. Despite the fact that the IT sphere is developing in Russia at a very fast pace, the dominance in the world of information technologies still largely belongs to the United States and European countries. Such a technological gap gives the "cyberarms" of the potential adversary a certain head start, and Russia will have to put even more effort to equal themselves with them.

The second factor is the question of remuneration. The highly skilled computer and networking technology specialists needed to create a “cyber army” are snapping up all over the world. A large-scale search and employment of such people will require huge financial investments that the Russian government and the army can hardly afford.

The third problem is the problem of governance. Speaking about this, Vladimir Parfenov, dean of the ITMO faculty of information technology and programming, did not hit the eyebrow, but into the eye: “Programmers are specific people ... (...) ... they are unlikely to work in army companies, and who there they will be commanded, not the officers. " However, even if there are a lot of problems, we can be sure that Russia under any circumstances will remain steadfast in its determination to create a strong “cyberarmy” and will keep faith in its own forces. The key to this is national pride and a foreign policy situation in which the presence of one’s “cyber army” is a severe necessity.

The authors are representatives of the Center for the Study of International Problems at the PLA Defense University of Science and Technology.
Photos used:
Fotolia, victorhabbick
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  1. dirty trick
    dirty trick 8 August 2013 07: 53
    Russia creates a cyber military

    They will definitely not be superfluous!
    1. eplewke
      eplewke 8 August 2013 11: 06
      Put on the salary of Russian hackers! laughing
      1. Andrey Yuryevich
        Andrey Yuryevich 8 August 2013 19: 08
        yes ... how many "warriors" are there on the site ...
      2. SergeySK
        SergeySK 9 August 2013 03: 39
        Don't you know how such specialists are "invited" to work ???

        They will show the Criminal Code and the offer to spend the next 3 years in the zone or in the cyber company!
    2. Fire
      Fire 8 August 2013 12: 14
      Not that they will not be superfluous, but will even be very useful, because the information war has been going on for the last few decades, and with the development of computer equipment and corresponding technologies, this war has also spread to computer networks. so such an "army" will be very useful ...
    3. Aryan
      Aryan 8 August 2013 23: 33
      pi *** t like Trotsky sad
  2. serge-68-68
    serge-68-68 8 August 2013 08: 05
    We are constantly late: ten years ago, it was proposed not only to create "cyber troops" - but nothing has been done to this day. However, there are separate groups in individual GUs and work. And the money for their operations is found.
    1. My address
      My address 8 August 2013 08: 31
      You are right again.
      And so everywhere with us.
      And there is a saying - "Who does (exactly does) quickly, does twice." And who prevents the parallel development of regulations on subdivisions and the creation of subdivisions? Only the rules of bureaucrats, but these rules do not interfere with stealing. I did not like the sluggishness of the bureaucracy in the USSR, but it is super-operative against the background of the current one.
  3. Grenz
    Grenz 8 August 2013 08: 07
    Our Chinese friends got sick with a serious problem. But apparently they are greatly exaggerating. Here they must be kept in sight. And we have, like in an anecdote about Iraq: "No matter how much Iraqi scientists have fought over the creation of an atomic bomb, after any tests they only get cannabis!"
    Yes, we are not deprived of brains at the grassroots level. We have a problem upstairs. Any specialist who is better than another will be eaten clean and will not be allowed to create a CYBER (Poghosyan - tramples on everyone who only thinks about airplanes).
    As a result, we can only get such and then not quite ready-made samples of cyber technology !!!
    1. Nick
      Nick 8 August 2013 23: 13
      Quote: grenz
      As a result, we can only get such and then not quite ready-made samples of cyber technology !!!

      You can also deceive the enemy with the help of decoy ducks, so to speak ... There is nothing wrong with this ...
    2. elmonje
      elmonje 9 August 2013 01: 07
      It hurts to hear it, but damn it - you're right. Oh right. Attitudes towards people need to be changed in our country, otherwise as long as they create a cyber-military in the media, all the hackers will collect all the hackers by a flattering word and a green blotter. We have the same attitude so far - x score, drank, hand out teams. In the end, the mechanism and talented people who could fully concentrate on work, for the good, are engaged in mostly anything but useful work. You can only imagine this - even with such a level of inefficiency and corruption of the financing and management system, there are people in the country who work, develop and are in leading positions. Few people delve into the peculiarities of all this work, and they would be very much surprised to find out what percentage of participation of (indirect / direct) brains from Russia in the most successful operations, both in the West and China.
  4. Vladimirets
    Vladimirets 8 August 2013 08: 09
    “But out of a sense of national pride, Russian hackers are often staunch patriots. When America recruited the famous Russian hacker, who went by the nickname Zeus, for a huge sum, he said:“ I agree to work for the American government. But the important thing is that my work should not be directed against Russia, because I do not want to become a traitor. "

    So you can trample the clave and be a patriot?
  5. Edward72
    Edward72 8 August 2013 08: 10
    Yes, they were needed yesterday.
  6. iulai
    iulai 8 August 2013 08: 18
    In our general staff we have some idlers and dumbasses! Why didn’t you think about it at least 5 years ago? They are always late in everything, as they were late with drones, so they generally have no forgiveness. Until we restore order in the General Staff, we will forever be in the role of catching up.
  7. Gregazov
    Gregazov 8 August 2013 08: 27
    Thank you comrade Snowden. The power of the Russian army will increase thanks to your merits.
    1. alone
      alone 8 August 2013 10: 08
      the power of the growth of the Russian army depends on snowden? in general, the increase in the power of the army should depend on the Commander-in-Chief, the General Staff, the officer corps, the military-industrial complex and, ultimately, on the Russian people themselves. Sudden is clearly not included in these categories
  8. Andrey from Tver
    Andrey from Tver 8 August 2013 08: 47
    They were part of Libyan television networks and broadcast programs for the local population. ”

    Look at Russian TV channels, they have long been enemies! 20 years of occupation. If Russian cyber troops enter Russian television networks and broadcast programs for the local population instead of advertisements and all sorts of shows with "stars", dressing up and repairs, it will be a success.
  9. domokl
    domokl 8 August 2013 08: 52
    After a series of attacks by Chinese hackers, relations between the PRC and the United States began to develop much more calmly and on an equal footing. Why should we not adopt this experience? Our boys can hit the clave no worse and circumvent all these vaunted security systems.
    The weakness of defense in any country now is precisely this - there are no independent systems of government and army control. There is a network. And any fisherman, probably, when he wandered around with a bullshit, got a pike tail in his face, when she jumped over the network from above lol
  10. not good
    not good 8 August 2013 09: 03
    Unfortunately, for now, Katay is more concerned about the possible future problems associated with Russian cyberspeets than our leadership. It would not hurt to speed up while there are more conversations.
  11. shurup
    shurup 8 August 2013 09: 24
    So we should create a new kind of cyber military and call on them, on a common basis, those who are now taking in the so-called scientific companies.
    This is not for you sporting or musical, but really necessary troops, like chemical ones at one time.
  12. zevs379
    zevs379 8 August 2013 09: 28
    But because of feelings of national pride, Russian hackers are often staunch patriots. When America recruited a famous Russian hacker, acting under the nickname Zeus, for a huge sum, he said: “I agree to work for the American government. But the important thing is that my work should not be directed against Russia, because I do not want to become a traitor. ”

    Surprised - all our hackers thought only and dream of working in a silicon valley.

  13. Reserve buildbat
    Reserve buildbat 8 August 2013 09: 47
    Give hackers interesting tasks and they will be happy to work in these cyber-military units. But in epaulettes - I doubt very much that someone will want to get along. Not that way of thinking.
  14. MIKHAN
    MIKHAN 8 August 2013 10: 40
    We have a solid foundation in this direction (I mean competent IT specialists), but it’s more difficult to assemble a team of the most interesting ones .. here it’s more difficult .. What makes me happy is that the government understands this and is trying to advance in this direction (although with a creak, but yet)
  15. Sergey Medvedev
    Sergey Medvedev 8 August 2013 11: 02
    Even the US government, which is recruiting hackers from all over the world, is trying to attract hackers from Russia to its side. But because of feelings of national pride, Russian hackers are often staunch patriots.

    So our future cyber army has excellent prospects! The necessary undertaking!
  16. KG_patriot_last
    KG_patriot_last 8 August 2013 12: 42
    cut the wires, throw away the Chinese computer, on American software ... what problems?

    structures such as these "cyber troops" should be attached to the FSB, GRU and so on, and not to the Army ...
  17. Victor
    Victor 8 August 2013 13: 38
    Anyone who doubts that Russia has long been engaged in the issue of attracting hackers to the state. SERVICE QUESTION. Has anyone ever heard of high-profile cases condemning our hackers in Russia? No such, but there were a huge number of criminal cases and pre-investigative checks. What do you think a hacker, a prison or work for the state would prefer? Of course, work for the state. And believe me, these people work for Russia and work for a long time and quite worthily. Just now it's time to call them cyber troops. That’s all for a short time.
  18. lelikas
    lelikas 8 August 2013 16: 17
    Of course, they’re engaged, it’s not without reason that they created the whole department K, there are things - but to whom they are interested, besides, as a rule, they do not come across hackers themselves, but those who used their broken accounts, such as Levin.
  19. Jurkovs
    Jurkovs 8 August 2013 17: 41
    We need our own AXIS and we need our own protocols for working in the network in order to be able to isolate the Runet in case of danger, at least for a short time.
    1. Victor
      Victor 8 August 2013 19: 26
      Quote: Jurkovs
      We need our own AXIS and we need our own protocols for working in the network in order to be able to isolate the Runet in case of danger, at least for a short time.

      You are absolutely right, and Putin set this task back in 2008, and today it is taking on a complete form.
  20. askarlad
    askarlad 8 August 2013 19: 05
    Quote: Edward72
    Yes, they were needed yesterday.

    People, people, what were we thinking about when their IBM, Microsoft, Macintosh, Google appeared in the 90s? You thought it was just that they give us fruit that was obtained almost with blood and then? Or did everyone think that here are some of our hackers doing their best to remove protection from Windows and type Microsoft nervously smoking aside? It's time to create your own, if we do not want to be under the hood of the one who created!
    1. Fofan
      Fofan 8 August 2013 21: 59
      Quote: askarlad

      People, people, what were we thinking about when their IBM, Microsoft, Macintosh, Google appeared in the 90s?
      IBM d more or less modern form appeared in the mid-50s.
      microsoft in 1975
      apple with its Macintosh in 1976.
      only google in the mid 90s.
  21. user
    user 8 August 2013 19: 32
    In fact, any more or less self-respecting university prepares students in the specialty "Information Security" or "Information Security of Automated Systems", and universities are very respected. The most interesting thing is that almost no one works in their specialty. For reference: 90% of graduates are engaged in accounting or accounting, i.e. the rest were simply educated in their specialty. It turns out a strange situation, isn't it, and the competition there has been one of the highest for many years.
    Therefore, there is no problem with specialists, though you can’t just lure them into the troops. Another thing is that they can be members of the armed forces.
    Well, these guys will not go to the army, such a specific
  22. Clueless
    Clueless 8 August 2013 21: 33
    if our specialists will pay the lope runoff pay over the hill, then we will be number 1 ... because in the same United States in this area our compatriots are almost everywhere
  23. Goldmitro
    Goldmitro 8 August 2013 22: 25
    <<< The second factor is the issue of wages. The high-quality computer and networking specialists required to create the Cyber ​​Army are in great demand around the world ....
    But due to a sense of national pride, Russian hackers are often staunch patriots >>>
    Here it is the importance of PATRIOTIC upbringing! Russia NEEDS its high-class cyber-specialists - patriots who could not be lured, to buy western gameocrats by promises of a beautiful and carefree life, round sums of dough!
    But, unfortunately, the real pressure on our, first of all, the younger generation (using the ROOM of tolerance in Russia), carried out by the West and our liberals to impose Western "universal" values ​​using all means, primarily through the media, through education, , leads to the disintegration of Russian society, its transformation into a crowd of individualistic consumers. For them, the main thing, as one thirsty for a beautiful life, who went abroad, put it, is to keep their butt ... warm, and the feeling of patriotism, in their opinion, is SUCKS and a reason for ridicule! Maybe now the authorities CARE about the problem of educating the younger generation in Russia, especially in terms of patriotism! It is impossible to leave this process, in fact, under the strongest influence of the West and its Russian hangers-on!
  24. MG42
    MG42 9 August 2013 00: 38
    The authors are Chinese, whose hacking skills are quite developed .. >>
    Chinese hackers stole US military secrets. Cyber ​​spies from the Middle Kingdom received drawings and descriptions of military aircraft and ships. Moreover, they now have access to US missile defense systems. And it is still unknown whether this cyber attack affected other computer systems in America.

    This is not the first such case. According to American experts, a secret military unit in a suburb of Shanghai is engaged in periodic raids on computer systems.
    Among the stolen by Chinese hackers - drawings of the headquarters of the security and intelligence services of Australia: the location of offices and computer servers.

    In the light of recent events, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China made an appeal. Chinese diplomats emphasized that they negatively relate to the activities of hackers. They attach great importance to Internet security. And such tricks of cybercriminals only push heads of states against their foreheads and put everyone in an uncomfortable position, we are confident in Beijing.

  25. Free Island
    Free Island 9 August 2013 05: 43
    I personally was amused in the article with one phrase that the US has no equal in cyberspace ... then I think that Russian hackers, along with Chinese colleagues, have repeatedly broken the Pentagon over the past 10 years, and everything that the Americans can break :))))))))))) goodby americo oh!))
  26. Mikhail m
    Mikhail m 9 August 2013 08: 35
    When America recruited a famous Russian hacker, acting under the nickname Zeus, for a huge sum, he said: “I agree to work for the American government. But the important thing is that my work should not be directed against Russia, because I do not want to become a traitor. ”

    And who can stop others from using the products they created against Russia?
    The issue of IT security can generally not be discussed as long as communications are tied to the United States. It is necessary to create your own, internal network, and maybe several independent networks, in which the security forces and state institutions will work.
  27. Mista_dj
    Mista_dj 10 August 2013 13: 46
    A similar technological gap gives the “cyber army” of a potential adversary a definite head start

    I fundamentally disagree with this!
    The bourgeoisie even sraliki in the toilets of the subway are controlled centrally.
    Those. turn off the light and (for example) the Dutch metro will choke in its own shit.
    And the list of such vulnerabilities can be continued indefinitely.
    And we have?
    What damage will the RF suffer from the fact that someone puts the site of the Suzdal SOBES?
    Do we have so many grandmothers using iPhones wringing out a pension increase?
    Or is presence or absence of ZhEK No. 12 on the Internet any strategic importance !?
    I think that the main vulnerability of a potential adversary in this aspect is overdevelopment inf. systems and their mutual integration (without which, they largely lose their meaning).

    My friend left for the United States 10 years ago. Officially working for Disney Corporation, a systems engineer, or something like that. But in fact, they are engaged in orders of the Pentagon, and moreover, this is not a secret for anyone))).
    In this, the author is absolutely right: the fifth column of the Russian Federation - be healthy if there is a serious batch!