Rocket RGM-165 SM-4 for striking ground targets.
“Tomorrow” questions are answered by a military expert.
"TOMORROW". Sergey Evgenievich, it is known that the deployment of the American antimissile defense system in Europe makes it possible to intercept our strategic missiles. US anti-Russian orientation of its missile defense categorically deny. There is a protracted diplomatic push-pull. However, there is a feeling that the situation is much more dramatic than it seems at first glance.
Sergey ANUCHIN. You can say so ... The missile defense system developed by the Americans literally before our eyes has evolved from a defensive to an offensive system, into an effective tool of the first crushing blow. Indeed, until recently in Russia there was no meaningful idea of the level of danger of the American missile defense system. There was only some kind of intuitive alarm ... The United States, developing anti-missile systems, hide, primarily from their European allies, that these weapons are also shock. Thus, the allies are used "in the dark." Pumping psychosis, the United States intimidates Europeans with false threats. In fact, under the guise of an “umbrella”, a shock system is being dragged in, which should be as close as possible to our territory. The weapons used by the Americans in the missile defense system have fundamentally different possibilities than is commonly believed.
"TOMORROW". What does "other opportunities" mean?
Sergey ANUCHIN. Take, for example, the integration of the Patriot PAC-3 MSE missile defense into the F 15C fighter. Mike Trotsky, Vice President of Lockheed for Air Defense and Missile Defense Systems, supervised the work. The launch of the rocket from the F-15C fighter must be carried out from a container mounted on a pylon designed for outboard fuel tanks. At the same time, the container repeats itself as an outboard fuel tank, which allows it to be suspended under any aircraft carrying such tanks. Studies have also been conducted on the feasibility of integrating Patriot missiles into fifth-generation fighters F-22 and JSF. The most massive F-16 fighter was not forgotten. Moreover, it was proposed to equip with such missiles even basic patrol aircraft aviation P 8A "Poseidon". The placement of anti-missiles aboard unmanned combat aircraft, for example, Northrop Grumman X-47B, was ideal. But when placing anti-missiles on such carriers, there can be no talk of any interception of enemy missiles. Simply put, these are missiles for use from the air at specific objects on earth.
"TOMORROW". What are the tasks Americans were going to solve this way?
Sergey ANUCHIN. There is, for example, the task of winning air supremacy. In general, it is mainly solved during the air battles. However, in 1967, Israel managed to destroy a large part of the enemy’s aviation at airfields with sudden air strikes. An example of a seductive. Tempted by the blitzkrieg, the Americans are constantly working on various options for delivering a sudden disarming and unanswered blow.
13 June 2002, the United States withdrew from the Treaty on the limitation of missile defense systems from 26 in May 1972, according to which they could place anti-missiles, as well as all means for aiming and targeting weapons PRO, only in its territory. Now in Europe, the United States has already planned a third missile defense position area with silo launchers with GBI antimissiles in Poland.
Just as our Pioneer medium-range rocket was created on the basis of an intercontinental rocket, so the GBI intercontinental rocket Minitman became the basis of the antimissile. In fact, this is a medium-range missile, which was also tasked with intercepting missiles. Even from the mine launchers, the Americans did not refuse. Located in Poland, this GBI anti-rocket would be able to reach even to Novosibirsk. What did Colonel Vladimir Vasilyev pay attention to in 2008, which is half a century like a missile defense issue, starting with work on a graduation project at the Korolev Design Bureau.
After the visit of 6 – 8 in July 2009 of the US President Obama to Moscow, the Americans, proceeding from the arguments of the Russian side, abandoned the third missile defense position region with the heavy GBI “interceptors”. 17 September 2009, Obama said that now the main focus is on the mobile missile defense system deployed in the Mediterranean, Baltic and Black Seas and on the territory of several European countries. The problem is that as a result of the American "concessions", the shock distances to Moscow were further reduced. The flying time of the SM-3 missiles of the mobile missile defense system is even less than that of the GBI interceptors. From the leading positions at the borders of Russia, American "anti-missiles" can perform strategic tasks incomparably better than intercontinental missiles. Their flying time (5 – 6 minutes) makes the Russian retaliatory counter strike almost impossible, since the decision time for a retaliatory strike is at least 4 minutes. A massive blow to the decision-making centers, command and control points and points of deployment of our missiles will almost guaranteed to disable their critical part. According to Admiral Vladimir Komoyedov, chairman of the defense committee of the State Duma, "a group of American scientists prepared a report that bombing all of Russia is not necessary: there are 12 main goals to be hit - and the state will be defeated." The American mobile missile defense system is a carefully concealed means of inevitable destruction of Russia. The situation is much worse than in 1941 year.
"TOMORROW". How can SM-3 anti-missiles be used to strike ground targets?
Sergey ANUCHIN. Over the past decade, there has been a qualitative breakthrough in rocket and other technologies. Tactical missiles have been transformed into strategic ones, they are capable of hitting targets both in space and on earth. History Standard Missile (SM) family originates from the Tartar anti-aircraft missile. Work on the SM-1 rocket began in the 1963 year. In this case, initially all modifications of the SM-1 could be used for firing at surface targets within the radio horizon of the ship. Also, modifications of the SM-1 were specially developed for use on land or surface objects beyond the horizon. On the basis of the SM-1 anti-aircraft missile, the Standard ARM air-to-radar missile was also created. The next SM-2 rocket could also be used for targets on the surface. However, at that time, preference was given to the “Harpoon” subsonic rocket with a greater range of fire. But in 1998, the United States based on the Standard-2 rocket began developing a LASM rocket for strikes against ground targets with the goal of adopting it by 2004. According to the developers, such a ship-to-earth missile could play a new role in attacks from the sea with a radius of up to 200 nautical miles (370 km), providing flexible point fire support for the US Marine Corps. The missile guidance system is inertial in combination with satellite navigation. In addition to the standard high-explosive fragmentation warhead, the missile is also equipped with a penetrating warhead. Tests have fully confirmed the ability of the LASM rocket to perform assigned combat missions. The US Navy was to receive 1200 LASM missiles. Reach initial operational readiness planned for 2003. But in 2003, the program was allegedly stopped due to lack of funding?! ... And this is in such "fat" years for the Pentagon ... Why would it be ?! LASM tests were successful. Why does the Pentagon not brag about success? And it is only sometimes that information slips out that, as it turns out, for more than a year, SM 2 missiles can destroy targets on the surface of the sea and land at a distance of 500 km. It turns out, the task was completed and over-fulfilled!
"TOMORROW". Amazing modesty!
Sergey ANUCHIN. This is not modesty - this is stealth !!! Ground targets can be struck by a LASM rocket at a range that is 3 – 4 times as far as the interception range of aerial targets with a common SM 2 anti-aircraft missile. 21 February 2008 at 245 km altitude and 450 km removal rocket SM-3 Block IB struck with a direct hit ("hit-to-kill" - "bullet in a bullet"), a failed US military satellite. At the same time, the SM-3 Block IB rocket did not even demonstrate the maximum capabilities - 320 km in altitude at a distance of 780 km. And the SM-3 Block II rocket will have even higher data - it will be able to intercept targets at an altitude of 1000 km at a distance of 1500 km - this is an order of magnitude (10 times) further than it hits SM 2 Block II / III, from which it was made LASM. The technologies developed for the creation of the LASM rocket are also suitable for a different role of the new family of significantly more sophisticated SM 3 rockets. The whole European part of Russia at gunpoint, and even further. The treaty on medium-range and shorter-range missiles has in fact been broken by the United States for a long time!
"TOMORROW". Well, let's say. But how can we hit our secret highly protected targets, even if there are only twelve of them?
Sergey ANUCHIN. With highly accurate destruction of targets, small enough nuclear charges are enough to equip penetrating warheads. The satellite positioning system provides navigation accuracy in 20 – 30 cm horizontally and 50 cm vertically. The penetrating warhead was developed for the SM 2 (LASM) rocket. Recall that in the “Pershing-2” missiles, combat units could penetrate deep into the ground on 50 – 70 m. When a nuclear charge detonates at a depth, a seismic wave will destroy bunkers within a radius of tens of meters. Nowhere not hide. The sheer number of goals - twelve - says that a war can start at any convenient time when a situation arises in which you can guaranteedly remove the first persons from the game in order not to get a retaliatory strike with unacceptable damage for the United States.
"TOMORROW". What else does the world not know about the US strategy in Europe?
Sergey ANUCHIN. The missile defense deployment option in Romania and Poland is the most dangerous for Russia. Cruiser or destroyer missile defense is not easy to quietly closer to the borders of Russia. But the "anti-missiles" in the standard blocks of universal vertical launchers Mk 41 from the territory of these countries will be constantly aimed at us. Moreover, launchers can be mounted, for example, in a standard 40-foot sea container. And such "containers" can be anywhere, for example, in the Baltic States. The container can not be controlled. Ships carry a myriad of them. Any freight train can carry rockets. Shipping containers are transported by cars. Such "containers" can be placed in any transport terminal or simply in stock. Options do not count.
According to political analyst Sergei Markov, according to a secret dispatch of the State Department on the new US military strategy promulgated by WikiLeaks, in the near future only from Germany about 15 thousands of US troops will be redeployed to the territory of Poland and the Baltic States. In total, nine divisions from the USA, Great Britain and Germany will be launched to Poland and the Baltic countries. And in response to the "aggressive actions of Russia", the United States is ready to start building up a naval group in the Baltic Sea. There are already plans to relocate the F 16 fighter jets to the air base in the town of Lask in Poland from the Aviano air base in Italy, which had the main burden of air strikes on the former Yugoslavia. Seven NATO airfields equipped in accordance with NATO standards in Poland are capable of increasing the size of the air force. The Zokniai and Lielvarde airbases were upgraded in Lithuania and Latvia. In February, 2012 of the year in NATO stated that they were ready to conduct military operations from the Emari airbase in Estonia. To ensure the actions of the NATO grouping, another appropriate infrastructure is being created. At the initiative of the Pentagon, NATO Cyber Defense Center was established in Tallinn in 2011. The Energy Security Center in Vilnius was established in 2012. In the plans of 2013, the NATO Center for Strategic Communications in Latvia. In Lithuania, an interdepartmental committee has been established in the interests of the reception and deployment of NATO troops in the country. The exercises are held with the buildup of NATO force groups in Poland, Lithuania and Latvia. All this is in the provision of offensive operations following a sudden first strike.
"TOMORROW". And what, no one sees and does not understand?
Sergey ANUCHIN. Americans act alone - no one, except specifically insiders in the US, knows all the capabilities of missile defense. In no case should the allies know the truth. Perhaps this information Americans hide even from the first persons of Great Britain. Pumping psychosis about the "Russian threat" and, above all, among the eastern members of NATO, the United States uses the allies "in the dark." All before my eyes - "Russian bear". American missile defense - behind the scenes. Moreover, no one thinks about other possibilities of missile defense. The aggressor always carefully conceals the true intentions - without this it is impossible to inflict a sudden crushing first and unanswered blow.
"TOMORROW". What is the possible strategy to protect our territory and our statehood?
Sergey ANUCHIN. 19 June 2013, Putin said that "the first so-called disarming, decapitating strike is possible, and even against nuclear powers." Information he still has. The president set the task: "We cannot allow the balance of the strategic deterrence system to be upset, the effectiveness of our nuclear forces to be reduced." Before that, 17 – 18 of June, was the G8 summit, at which Russia was to be rubbed so that only G7 was left. About this vyaknul to the whole world Canadian. And suddenly silence. Perhaps, our president used in his conversation with Obama lethal information on missile defense? ... But in such a question, you cannot act behind the scenes in the President – President mode and exchange something for something. President Putin is simply obliged to bring information on the so-called American missile defense system to the whole world with extreme clarity. Neither Poland, nor Romania, nor the Baltic countries are likely to want to be the first to burn in a nuclear fire for the sake of the United States. This is the first.
And the second. In the “reform” times in Russia, only two of the four arithmetic actions became “division” and “subtraction”. So we’ve come to the "12 main goals" and the war at any moment! Only once you have mastered the "addition" and "multiplication", you can multiply the number of main goals - only this will save the US from the temptation of unpunished aggression. You can forget about missile defense and you don’t have to agree on anything in your head with anyone. In matters of war and peace, there are no treaty aggressors.
The conversation was led by Andrey FEFELOV
Note Sergey E. Anuchin - aircraft designer.